The Alternative Ancient Greek Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


κύων 〈kýōn〉 etymology From Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ 〈*ḱwṓ〉. Cognates include Latin canis, Sanskrit श्वन् 〈śvan〉 and Old English hund (English hound). The final in the nominative singular which was absent in *ḱwṓ 〈*ḱwṓ〉 was restored in Greek by analogy to other forms in the paradigm. pronunciation {{grc-ipa-rows}}
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. a dog
  2. a bitch
  3. (pejorative) a bitch
  4. an offensive person
  • The alternate forms κύων (vocative singular) and κύνεσσι (dative plural) also exist.
  • Greek: κυνικός 〈kynikós〉, κυνο- 〈kyno-〉
λειμών 〈leimṓn〉 etymology Perhaps related to λίμνη 〈límnē〉 via Proto-Indo-European *(s)leim-. pronunciation {{grc-pron}}
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. meadow
  2. (vulgar) vagina
  • French: limon
παιδοφίλης 〈paidophílēs〉 pronunciation {{grc-IPA}}
etymology 1 παῖς ‘boy’ + φιλέω ‘love’
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, primarily) lover of boys, pedophile
    • quotationThgn., , 1357
    • quotationTelecl., , 49
Synonyms: παιδερᾰστής 〈paiderăstḗs〉
etymology 2 A regularly declined form of παιδόφῐλος 〈paidóphĭlos〉.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. inflection of παιδόφῐλος
σοφιστής 〈sophistḗs〉 etymology From σοφίζω 〈sophízō〉, from σοφός 〈sophós〉 pronunciation {{grc-pron}}
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. A master of one's craft
  2. One who is wise, prudent, a philosopher
  3. teacher, tutor
  4. (slang)(pejorative) One who makes a profit off of false wisdom: cheat, swindler
The reputation of the teachers at Athens came into decline in the fifth century BC, and thus came the connotation of cheat. This varies with time in relation to the general approval or disapproval of the paid teachers.
  • English: sophist
  • French: sophiste
  • Latin: sophistes
ἄνθρωπος 〈ánthrōpos〉 Alternative forms: {{grc-alt}}, {{grc-alt}}, {{grc-alt}} etymology Scholars used to consider it to be a compound from ἀνήρ 〈anḗr〉 and ὤψ 〈ṓps〉 "he who looks like a man". argues that since no convincing Indo-European etymology has been found, the word is probably of pregrc origin; he connects the word with the word δρώψ 〈drṓps〉. proposed another etymology in his 2007 article « Nouvelles réflexions étymologiques autour du grec ἄνθρωπος », deriving it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰreh₃kʷó- 〈*n̥dʰreh₃kʷó-〉, hence "earthly, human". pronunciation {{grc-pron}}
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. man
  2. human being
  • Greek: άνθρωπος 〈ánthrōpos〉
noun: {{grc-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) woman
  2. (derogatory) female slave

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