The Alternative Chinese Dictionary: 個

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Entry definition

〈gè〉 {{zh-forms}} etymology {{Han compound}}. The semantics may have developed along the grammaticalisation process "bamboo stalk" () > "piece, item" > "classifier for every category of noun" > "possessive particle, generic particle". If so, it would then possibly be cognate with {{zh-l}}. Compare Tibetan མཁར་བ 〈མཁར་བ〉, འཁར་བ 〈འཁར་བ〉 and Thai ก้าน 〈k̂ān〉. pronunciation {{zh-pron }}
definitions: {{zh-noun}}
  1. piece, item; individual {{zhex}} {{zhex}}
  2. size, height {{zhex}} {{zhex}}
  3. separate, respective; separately, individually {{zhex}}
  4. single, alone
  5. (dialectal) one
  6. The generic classifier. Used with nouns lacking specific classifiers. {{zhex}}
  7. Alternative classifier, for nouns having specific classifiers. Often colloquial and regional. Usage varies greatly between different topolects. {{zhex}} {{zhex}} {{zhex}} {{zhex}} {{zhex}}
  8. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and numbers, showing that the following numbers are approximate, not accurate.
    • {{zhex}}
    • {{zhex}}
  9. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and its object or complement, adding a sense of ease, swiftness and one-offness to the action.
    • {{zhex}}
    • {{zhex}}
  10. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle used after {{zh-l}}.
    • {{zhex}}
  11. (dialectal Mandarin) Particle used in some time-related words.
    • {{zhex}}
  12. (obsolete, Wu, Xiang, Gan, dialectal Cantonese, dialectal Min) (= {{zh-l}}) this; that
    • {{zhex}}
    • {{zhex}}
  13. (Wu) Word-initial particle, serving as the definite article.
    • {{zhex}}
  14. (obsolete, Cantonese, Wu) Possessive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin {{zh-l}}.{{zh-l}} (Cantonese), {{zh-l}} (Wu)
    • {{zhex}}
    • {{zhex}}
  15. (dialectal) Sentence-final declarative, affirmative, or prohibitive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin {{zh-l}}, {{zh-l}}.
    • {{zhex}}
compounds: {{der3 }}
descendants: {{Sinoxenic-word}} {{zh-cat}}

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