The Alternative English Dictionary: account

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Entry definition

account {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (US) /ə.ˈkaʊnt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
etymology 1
  • First attested around 1300. ((reckoning of moneys received and paid))
  • (banking) First attested in 1833.
  • (narration) First attested in the 1610's.
  • From Middle English, from xno acunte, from Old French acont, from aconter, from Latin computo
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (accounting) A registry of pecuniary transaction; a written or printed statement of business dealing or debt and credit, and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review
  2. (banking) A sum of money deposited at a bank and subject to withdrawal. to keep one's account at the bank.
  3. A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; a reason of an action to be done.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    No satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena.
  4. A reason, ground, consideration, motive. on no account on every account on all accounts
    • {{RQ:Joyce Ulysses}} Episode 16 ...who evidently a glutton for work, it struck him, was having a quiet forty winks for all intents and purposes on his own private account while Dublin slept.
  5. (business) A business relationship involving the exchange of money and credit.
  6. A record of events; recital of transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a description An account of a battle.
    • {{rfdate}} A laudable account of the city of London. - Howell
  7. A statement explaining one's conduct.
    • {{rfdate}} Give an account of thy stewardship. - Luke 16:2
  8. An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment.
    • {{rfdate}} To stand high in your account - Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice, III-ii
  9. Importance; worth; value; esteem; judgement.
    • {{rfdate}} Men of account -
    • {{rfdate}} To turn to account - Shakespeare
  10. An authorization to use a service. I've opened an account with Wikipedia so that I can contribute and partake in the project.
  11. (archaic) A reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record of some reckoning.
  12. Profit; advantage.
  • Abbreviations: (business) A/C, a/c, acct., acc.
  • of Account, narrative, narration, recital. These words are applied to different modes of rehearsing a series of events
  • Account turns attention not so much to the speaker as to the fact related, and more properly applies to the report of some single event, or a group of incidents taken as whole; as, an account of a battle, of a shipwreck, etc.
  • A narrative is a continuous story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell to another; as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a narrative of one's life, etc.
  • Narration is usually the same as narrative, but is sometimes used to describe the mode of relating events; as, his powers of narration are uncommonly great.
  • Recital denotes a series of events drawn out into minute particulars, usually expressing something which peculiarly interests the feelings of the speaker; as, the recital of one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (registry of pecuniary transactions), (statement of occurrences) narrative, narration, relation, recital, description, explanation, (a statement of reasons) accounting, explanation, (a reason), (a vindication) defense, excuse, explanation, (estimate), (value, importance), (authorization to use a service) membership, registration, username
etymology 2 From xno acounter, accomptere et al., Middle French aconter, acompter, from a- + conter. Compare count.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. to provide explanation
    1. (obsolete, transitive) To present an account of; to answer for, to justify. {{defdate}}
    2. (intransitive, now rare) To give an account of financial transactions, money received etc. {{defdate}}
    3. (transitive) To estimate, consider (something to be as described). {{defdate}}
      • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present (book), III.8: The Pagan Hercules, why was he accounted a hero?
    4. (intransitive) To consider that. {{defdate}}
      • 1611, Bible, Authorized (King James) Version, Hebrews XI.19: Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
    5. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory evaluation for financial transactions, money received etc. {{defdate}} An officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.
    6. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory evaluation for (one's actions, behaviour etc.); to answer for. {{defdate}} We must account for the use of our opportunities.
    7. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory reason for; to explain. {{defdate}} Idleness accounts for poverty.
    8. (intransitive) To establish the location for someone. {{defdate}} After the crash, not all passengers were accounted for.
    9. (intransitive) To cause the death, capture, or destruction of someone or something (+ for). {{defdate}}
  2. to count
    1. (transitive, now rare) To calculate, work out (especially with periods of time). {{defdate}}
      • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica: neither the motion of the Moon, whereby moneths are computed; nor of the Sun, whereby years are accounted, consisteth of whole numbers, but admits of fractions, and broken parts, as we have already declared concerning the Moon.
    2. (obsolete) To count (up), enumerate. {{defdate}}
    3. (obsolete) To recount, relate (a narrative etc.). {{defdate}}
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.6: Long worke it were / Here to account the endlesse progeny / Of all the weeds that bud and blossome there [...].
related terms:
  • accountable
  • accountant
  • {{rank}}

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