- (UK) /eɪl/
etymology 1 From Middle English eyle, eile, from Old English eġle, from Proto-Germanic *agluz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʰlo- 〈*h₂egʰlo-〉, *h₂egʰ- 〈*h₂egʰ-〉. Cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌲𐌻𐌿𐍃 〈𐌰𐌲𐌻𐌿𐍃〉.
- (obsolete) Painful; troublesome.
etymology 2 From Old English eġlan, eġlian, cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌲𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 〈𐌰𐌲𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽〉.
- (transitive) To cause to suffer; to trouble, afflict. (Now chiefly in interrogative or indefinite constructions.) Have some chicken soup. It's good for what ails you.
- Bible, Genesis xxi. 17 What aileth thee, Hagar?
- 2011, "Connubial bliss in America", The Economist: Not content with having in 1996 put a Defence of Marriage Act (DOMA) on the statue book, Congress has now begun to hold hearings on a Respect for Marriage Act. Defended, respected: what could possibly ail marriage in America?
- (intransitive) To be ill; to suffer; to be troubled.
- Richardson When he ails ever so little … he is so peevish.
- An ailment; trouble; illness.
etymology 3 From Old English eġl.
- The awn of barley or other types of corn.
- lai, Lai