The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


playathon etymology From play + athon. pronunciation {{rfp}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An extended period of play.
    • 1984, Joanne Oppenheim, Kids and play Before long, the other youngster came up the aisle with crayons and paper in hand. "Wanna color?" she asked. In moments, the two were launched on a four-hour playathon.
    • 1993, "Alison Hsieh", Now?????!!!!! (on newsgroup Our orchestra is going to have a playathon in the mall where we will play music for about 5 hours or so.
player {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English playere, from Old English pleġere, equivalent to play + er. pronunciation
  • /ˈpleɪə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One that plays
    1. One who plays any game or sport.
    2. (theater) An actor in a dramatic play.
    3. (music) One who plays on a musical instrument.
    4. (gaming, video games) A gamer; a gamester.
    5. (gambling) A gambler.
    6. (historical) A mechanism that actuate a player piano or other automatic musical instrument.
      • The Technical History of the Player, John McTammany, 1915, “But up to this time the application of the player mechanism had been confined to reed instruments, the piano manufacturers having successfully resisted the introduction of the player mechanism into the piano; but, in the meantime, the manufacturers of players had grown strong and the manufacturers were beginning to properly interpret the handwriting on the wall”
      • Regulation and Repair of Piano and Player Mechanism, ..., page 179, CT1BAAAAIAAJ, William Braid White, 1909, “A Technical Treatise on Piano Player Mechanism" contains detailed description of the various types of interior and exterior players, embracing manual, pneumatic, automatic, mechanical and electric”
      • Player piano: the history of the mechanical piano and how to repair it, ukE5AQAAIAAJ, Arthur W. J. G. Ord-Hume, 1970, “Electric players used either a four-lobe rotary pump belt-driven by an electric motor or a self-contained electric motor and ...”
    7. (electronics) An electronic device or software application that plays audio and/or video media, such as CD player.
  2. One who is playful; one without serious aims; an idler; a trifler.
  3. A significant participant. He thought he could become a player, at least at the state level.
    • {{quote-news}}
  4. (informal) A person who plays the field rather than having a long-term sexual relationship.
Synonyms: (one who plays; (game) participant; athlete) laker, See also
  • parley, pearly, replay
player hater
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AAVE, slang, derogatory) One who resent another person's success.
play for a fool
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) to trick, fool somebody
play hookey Alternative forms: play hookie (rarer), play hooky
verb: {{head}}
  1. (intransitive, idiomatic) to be absent without permission, especially from school
playing card {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One of usually 52 rectangular pieces of card used to play numerous games, featuring either one to 10 pip or a picture and belonging of one of four suit.
Synonyms: (the) devil's books (plural only)
hyponyms: {{rel-top}}
  • ace
  • clubs
  • cut
  • deal
  • deck
  • deuce
  • diamonds
  • hearts
  • jack
  • joker
  • king
  • knave
  • pack
  • queen
  • shuffle
  • spades
  • trey
related terms:
  • card game
play the clitar etymology A blend of guitar or sitar and clit.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (uncommon, humorous, slang, of a, woman) To masturbate by clitoral stimulation.
Synonyms: See also .
play the gender card
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, often, pejorative) To assert that sexism is involved in a situation, especially in order to exploit sexist or antisexist attitudes.
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-web }}
coordinate terms:
  • play the race card
play the race card
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, often, pejorative) To assert that race or racism is involved in a situation, especially in order to exploit racist or antiracist attitudes.
    • 1997, Mark Fuhrman, Murder in Brentwood, page 153 The defense played the race card, but Ito let them.
    • 2002, Donald A. Carson, Love in Hard Places, page 94 Moreover, some leaders on both sides of any racial divide love to play the race card to keep themselves in power.
coordinate terms:
  • play the gender card
play the white man {{wikipedia}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. (intransitive, British, informal, potentially offensive) To act with honour, decency, and responsibility
play with oneself
verb: play with oneself
  1. (slang) To masturbate.
plead the Fifth
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (legal, US) To invoke the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which protects witnesses from being forced to incriminate themselves.
  2. (informal) alternative spelling of plead the fifth
Synonyms: take the fifth
please {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /pliːz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English plesen, plaisen, from Old French plaise, conjugated form of plaisir or plaire, from Latin placeo{{}}, from the Proto-Indo-European *plā-k-. Displaced native Middle English quemen (from Old English cwēman), Middle English biluvien (from Middle English be- + luvien), Middle English liken (from Old English līcian), Middle English lusten (from Old English lystan). Alternative forms: pleace (used from the Middle English period up to the 15th century, and in Scots until the 17th century)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make happy or satisfy; to give pleasure to. exampleHer presentation pleased the executives. exampleI'm pleased to see you've been behaving yourself.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, [ “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days], Ep./1/1 , “And so it had always pleased M. Stutz to expect great things from the dark young man whom he had first seen in his early twenties ; and his expectations had waxed rather than waned on hearing the faint bruit of the love of Ivor and Virginia—for Virginia, M. Stutz thought, would bring fineness to a point in a man like Ivor Marlay, […].”
  2. (intransitive, ergative) To desire; to will; to be pleased by. exampleJust do as you please.
    • Bible, Psalms cxxxv. 6 Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he.
Synonyms: (to make happy) satisfy, (to desire) desire, will
  • (to make happy) annoy, irritate, disgust, displease
related terms:
  • pleasant
  • pleasurable
  • pleasure
etymology 2 Short for if you please, an intransitive, ergative form taken from ,{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} which replaced pray. Alternative forms: (for the exaggerated way it is often pronounced as the expression of annoyance) puh-lease
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. en Please, pass the bread. Would you please sign this form? Could you tell me the time, please? May I take your order, please?
  2. enMay I help you? —Please.
  3. en Oh, please, do we have to hear that again?
etymology 3 Calque of German bitte
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (regional, Cincinnati) en
    • 1973: "Bitte or Bitter?", , August 1973, p. 109 Fellow: May I have a few days off to get married? Reply, in the Cincinnati idiom by a boss who had heard the sound but not the sense: Boss: Please?
    • 1978: Virginia Watson-Rouslin, "A Foreign View", Cincinnati, September 1978, p. 110 Even though I heard it was supposed to be German-Catholic background, there’s only one thing German — they say ‘please’ [for the more common ‘pardon me’], which comes from bitte.
    • 1979: "Winners: Contest No. 13—The Laugh’s On Us", Cincinnati, September 1979, volume 12, issue 12, p. 15 “…He explained in broken English that one of his daughters was ill and he probably could not be there. I did not understand all that he said, so asked, ‘Please?’ per Cincinnati custom. ‘There is no need to plead. I will be there if she is feeling better,’ he replied.”
    • 1998: Jose I. Sarasua, "Come to Cincinnati... Please?", Cost Engineering, volume 40, issue 5, 5 May 1998, p. 9 Cincinnati are some of the most polite persons I have ever met in the US. When asking someone a question, instead of saying “Excuse me,” or “Pardon,” they say “Please?”
    • 2001: Jeff Robinson, "Say what?", Ohio Magazine, April 2001, p. 77 By the same token, one contestant who doesn’t hear a particular question could say “Pardon me?” while another could say “Please?” Again, neither would be lying if he said he was from Ohio.
    • 2008: , The Secret Life of Words: How English Became English, ISBN 0374254109, p. 255 In Maine, where as much as a quarter of the population has French ancestry, you may hear a stray hair called a couette, and in parts of Ohio please is used in the same way as the German bitte, to invite a person to repeat something just said – apparently a remnant of the bilingual schooling once available in Cincinnati.
    • 2011: Ellen McIntyre, Nancy Hulan, Vicky Layne, Reading Instruction for Diverse Classrooms: Research-Based, Culturally Responsive Practice, Guilford Press, ISBN 1609180569, p. 72 Ellen grew up outside of Cincinnati and believed her own talk was the “norm,” while others were speakers of dialects. She was in graduate school before she learned that not all people say, Please? to mean Can you repeat that?
Synonyms: (request to repeat) what, excuse me, pardon me, come again
  • {{rank}}
  • asleep, elapse
pleased as Punch Alternative forms: pleased as punch etymology From Punch of the puppet shows. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, simile) Pleased with one's action or achievement.
Synonyms: (pleased with one's actions) complacent, smug
pleased to meet you
phrase: {{head}}
  1. A polite formula used when the speaker is introduced to somebody.
Synonyms: nice to meet you, pleasure to meet you, how do you do (formal)
please repeat after me {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Used as request for the interlocutor to repeat what he or she says. Often used in language training.
please say that again {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Used as request for the interlocutor to repeat what he or she said previously.
please sit down {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Offer to be seated.
please speak more slowly {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Used to ask the interlocutor to speak more slowly.
pleb {{wikipedia}} etymology {{clipping}}, or by {{back-form}} Latin plebs. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /plɛb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A common person, someone of a lower class.
related terms:
  • plebe
  • toff
  • pelB
plebby etymology pleb + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) plebeian, common
  • pebbly
Plebgate {{wikipedia}} etymology pleb + gate
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A 2012 scandal in which Conservative MP Andrew Mitchell was accused of swearing at Downing Street police officer and calling them "pleb"; subsequent to Mitchell's resignation, CCTV and other evidence was revealed which appeared to call into question some of the evidence against him.
plebification etymology Latin plebs the common people + -ficare (in comparative) to make. See -fy.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Making plebeian; vulgarizing. You begin with the attempt to popularize learning … but you will end in the plebification of knowledge. — Coleridge.
{{Webster 1913}}
plebvision etymology From pleb + vision
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) television
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, now rare) A plenipotentiary. {{defdate}}
plenty etymology From Middle English, from xno plenté, from Old French plenté, from Latin plenitatem, accusative of plenitas, from plenus, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós 〈*pl̥h₁nós〉 (English full, via Proto-Germanic). Related from Latin to complete, deplete, replete. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈplɛnti/
  • (GenAm) /ˈplɛnti/, [ˈplɛɾ̃i], [ˈplɛni]
    • (pin-pen) [ˈplɪɾ̃i], [ˈplɪni]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}} (pin-pen merger, silent 't')
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A more than adequate amount. We are lucky to live in a land of peace and plenty.
    • 1798, Thomas Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population: During this season of distress, the discouragements to marriage, and the difficulty of rearing a family are so great that population is at a stand. In the mean time the cheapness of labour, the plenty of labourers, and the necessity of an increased industry amongst them, encourage cultivators to employ more labour upon their land, to turn up fresh soil, and to manure and improve more completely what is already in tillage
While some dictionaries analyse this word as a noun,{{}}{{R:Merriam Webster Online}} others analyse it as a pronoun,[ Macmillan] or as both a noun and a pronoun.[]''Harrap's essential English Dictionary'' (1996)''Heinemann English Dictionary'' (2001) Synonyms: abundance, profusion
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. More than enough. I think six eggs should be plenty for this recipe.
See the notes about the noun.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. More than sufficiently. This office is plenty big enough for our needs.
  2. (colloquial) en, very. She was plenty mad at him.
    • 26 June 2014, A.A Dowd, AV Club Paul Rudd and Amy Poehler spoof rom-com clichés in They Came Together Seeing clichés mimicked this skillfully is plenty hilarious.
determiner: {{en-det}}
  1. (nonstandard) much, enough There'll be plenty time later for that
  2. (nonstandard) many Get a manicure. Plenty men do it.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) plentiful
    • 1597, Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part I, Act I, Scene IV: if reasons were as plenty as blackberries
    • 1836, The American Gardener's Magazine and Register, volume 2, page 279: Radishes are very plenty. Of cabbages a few heads of this year's crop have come to hand this week, and sold readily at quotations; [...]
related terms:
  • plenitude
  • plentitude
  • pentyl
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A polygamist.
plink etymology Onomatopoeic. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A short, high-pitched sound
related terms:
  • (go "plink") to make a short, high pitched sound, to break while making a "plink" sound, : The lightbulb went "plink".
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (with "out") (colloquial) To play a song or a portion of a song, usually on a percussion instrument such as a piano.
    • 1971: Louis C. Reichman, Barry J. Wishart, American Politics and Its Interpreters He can plink out Let Me Call You Sweetheart for reporters on a piano or rib himself on television talk shows....
    • 1997: Kevin Osborn, Signe Larson, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Bringing Up Baby Your child may also begin to plink out a few notes on a xylophone or toy piano before her first birthday.
    • 2004: Angela Elwell Hunt, The Truth Teller The female deputy sat down at the ramshackle piano and proceeded to plink out the opening notes of "Heart and Soul."
plinky etymology plink + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Characterized by plink sounds.
    • {{quote-news}}
plinky-plonky etymology Reduplication from plinky.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Having a simple, repetitive, percussive melody.
plod pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (UK) /plɒd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English * (found only in derivative plodder), probably originally a splash through water and mud, from plod. Compare Danish pladder.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A slow or labored walk or other motion or activity. We started at a brisk walk and ended at a plod.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To walk or move slowly and heavily or laboriously (+ on, through, over).
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island Part One, Chapter 1
      • I remember him as if it were yesterday, as he came plodding to the inn door, his sea chest following behind him in a handbarrow;
  2. (transitive) To trudge over or through.
  3. To toil; to drudge; especially, to study laboriously and patiently.
    • Drayton plodding schoolmen
etymology 2 From Middle English plod. Cognate with Danish pladder.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A puddle.
etymology 3 From PC Plod
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, mildly, derogatory, uncountable, usually with "the") the police, police officers
  2. (UK, mildly, derogatory, countable) a police officer, especially a low-ranking one.
Synonyms: (the police) see , (police officer) see
{{initialism-old}}: {{en-abbr}}
  1. (computing, humorous) Press lots of key to abort.
plonk pronunciation
  • (UK) /plɒŋk/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /plɑŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Onomatopoeic
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. The sound made by something solid landing.
  2. (Internet) The supposed sound of adding a user to one's killfile.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) The sound of something solid land. I just heard a plonk — did something fall down in the kitchen?
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To set or toss (something) down carelessly. When you’ve finished with the sponge, just plonk it back in the sink.
  2. (transitive, Internet, slang, in Internet forums) To automatic ignore a particular poster; to killfile. I got tired of his trolling and ad hominem attacks, so I plonked him.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (followed by a location) Precisely and forcefully. He dropped his bag of tools plonk in the middle of the table.
Synonyms: bang, slap bang
etymology 2 Fom WWI military slang, derived by alteration of French vin + blanc (“white wine”)Bruce Moore, ''[ The Vocabulary of Australian English]'', Australian National Dictionary Centre. by the law of Hobson-Jobson. Recorded earliest in the playful rhyming slang form plinketty-plonk.Eric Partridge, ''A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English'', Routledge & Kegan Paul Possibly influenced by the sound of wine being poured into a glass.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, informal) Cheap or inferior everyday wine.
    • 1998, Pierre Spahni, Swiss Wine Market Report, [http//|%22plonks%22+australia+OR+wine+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YkfdT96vEJCbiQeu-pyVCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plonk%22|%22plonks%22%20australia%20OR%20wine%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 95], The third category of wines is highly unattractive as these may only be sold as generic wines (white, red or rosé), without reference to any geographical location. Only surplus plonk and cooking wine would aspire to fall in this segment, which can be blended with any other wine - to any extent.
    • 2003, Joan del Monte, Plonk Goes the Weasel, [http//|%22plonks%22+australia+OR+wine+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YkfdT96vEJCbiQeu-pyVCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plonk%22|%22plonks%22%20australia%20OR%20wine%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 201], Diesel took a large swallow out of the glass of red wine. He spluttered, choked, and spilled wine down one leg of his fawn colored pants. “My God,” he gasped, when he could speak. “What is that crap?” “Why cheap red wine,” Ford displayed the label. “You know. Plonk.”
    • 2011, Charles Spence, Maya U. Shankar, Heston Blumenthal, Chapter 11: ‘Sound Bites’: Auditory Contributions to the Perceeption and Consumption of Food and Drink, Francesca Bacci, David Melcher (editors), Art and the Senses, [http//|%22plonks%22+australia+OR+wine+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YkfdT96vEJCbiQeu-pyVCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plonk%22|%22plonks%22%20australia%20OR%20wine%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 229], Given the results reported in this chapter, one obvious solution to the ‘plonk paradox’ (why cheap wine tastes good on holiday but terrible at home) would be to try and recapture some of these sensory impressions in one′s own living room, in order to enhance the flavour/pleasantness of the wine-drinking experience (and turn that horrible tasting wine into something that tastes really rather nice), and to elucidate the respective contributions of contextual effects on hedonic ratings.
etymology 3 Probably a shortening of plonker.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, dated, British, law enforcement slang) A female police constable. {{defdate}} Chris and that plonk had better be flushing the scum out.
Synonyms: See
plonker etymology From plonk + er. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈplɒŋ.kə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, mildly pejorative) A fool.
  2. (British, slang) A penis.
  3. (British, slang, dated) A man who sanctions sexual relationships between his girlfriend and his male friends.[ BBC History- The Wordhunt]Wordhunters noticed that the OED's earliest two quotations in their entry for 'plonker' were misplaced. In the original 1966 citation from All Neat in Black Stockings by J Gaskell, the word refers not to a 'foolish, inept or contemptible person', but to a wholly different sense of the word, meaning 'a man who sanctions sexual relationships between his girlfriend and his male friends'.
plonko etymology plonk + o. See also wino
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AU, informal) someone addicted to cheap wine.
    • 1978, Bill Mollison, Coral Everitt, The Tasmanian Aborigines and their descendants Then there's the mob of plonkos who sleep down at the dockside, less than 700 yards from the city's Town Hall.
plot bunny Alternative forms: plotbunny etymology From the metaphorical image of the writer's brain producing ideas with the abundance and speed with which rabbit are fabled to breed.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An idea for a story, usually referring to an author having more ideas than he or she can use.
    • 2003, Glatzer, Jenna, Outwitting Writer's Block: And Other Problems of the Pen, ISBN 1-59228-124-9, p. 99: "Alternatively," she [T.M. Taylor] says, "the plot bunnies may be going somewhere you don't want to go, like when the plot calls for the death of a favorite character"
plough {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (US) plow etymology From Middle English plouh, plow, plugh, plough, plouw, from Old English plōh and Old Norse plógr, both from Proto-Germanic *plōgaz, *plōguz. Cognate with Scots pleuch, plou, Western Frisian ploech, Northern Frisian plog, Dutch ploeg, Low German Ploog, German Pflug, Danish plov, Swedish and Norwegian plog, Icelandic plógur. Replaced Old English sulh; see sullow. pronunciation
  • /plaʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A device pulled through the ground in order to break it open into furrow for planting. The horse-drawn plough had a tremendous impact on agriculture.
  2. {{altname}}
  3. {{altform}}, an alternative name for a carucate or hide.
    • Tale of Gamelyn Johan, mine eldest son, shall have plowes five.
  4. A joiner's plane for making groove.
  5. A bookbinder's implement for trim or shaving off the edges of book.
The spelling plow is usual in the United States, but the spelling plough may be found in literary or historical contexts there.
  • (unit of area) See carucate
Synonyms: (unit of area) See carucate
  • (device) ard, light plough, scratch plough; carruca, heavy plough, mouldboard plough, turnplough
  • (unit of area) See carucate
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To use a plough on to prepare for planting. I've still got to plough that field.
  2. (intransitive) To use a plough. Some days I have to plough from sunrise to sunset.
  3. (transitive, vulgar) To have sex with.
  4. To move with force.
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. To furrow; to make furrows, grooves, or ridges in.
    • Shakespeare Let patient Octavia plough thy visage up / With her prepared nails.
  6. (nautical) To run through, as in sailing.
    • Alexander Pope With speed we plough the watery way.
  7. (bookbinding) To trim, or shave off the edges of, as a book or paper, with a plough.
  8. (joinery) To cut a groove in, as in a plank, or the edge of a board; especially, a rectangular groove to receive the end of a shelf or tread, the edge of a panel, a tongue, etc.
plowed Alternative forms: ploughed pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of plow
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Turned over with the blade of a plow to create furrows (usually for planting crops).
  2. (figuratively, rare) Well-trodden or well-researched, previously explored.
  3. (US, informal) Drunk.
    • 2005, Anita Shreve, A Wedding in December, Little, Brown and Company (2005), ISBN 9780316024259, unnumbered page: We all assumed he'd walked back to campus along the beach, singing off-key as he had a habit of doing when he was plowed.
    • 2005, Gary Stromberg & Jane Merrill, The Harder They Fall: Celebrities Tell Their Real Life Stories of Addiction and Recovery, Hazelden (2007), ISBN 9781592851560, page 72: Then I got a fifth of Bushmills and went back to the room and got plowed. That was my week of being "on the wagon."
    • 2013, Nina Blackwood, Mark Goodman, Alan Hunter, & Martha Quinn (with Gavin Edwards), VJ: The Unplugged Adventures of MTV's First Wave, Atria Books (2013), ISBN 9781451678123, page 202: I sat on a stool while everybody in the crew rotated around me, offering me shots of tequila. The only thing I had eaten all day was a doughnut, and I got totally plowed.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: (drunk) see also .
plug {{wikipedia}} etymology 1606; from Dutch plug, from Middle Dutch plugge 'peg, plug', from odt *pluggi, from Proto-Germanic *plugjaz (compare Low German Plüg, German Pflock 'needle', Norwegian plug 'peg, small wedge'); akin to Lithuanian plúkti 'to strike, hew'. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /plʌɡ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (electricity) A pronged connecting device which fits into a mating socket. I pushed the plug back into the electrical socket and the lamp began to glow again.
  2. Any piece of wood, metal, or other substance used to stop or fill a hole; a stopple. Pull the plug out of the tub so it can drain.
  3. (US) A flat oblong cake of pressed tobacco. He preferred a plug of tobacco to loose chaw.
  4. (US, slang) A high, tapering silk hat.
  5. (US, slang) A worthless horse. That sorry old plug is ready for the glue factory!
  6. (construction) A block of wood let into a wall to afford a hold for nails.
  7. A mention of a product (usually a book, film or play) in an interview, or an interview which features one or more of these. During the interview, the author put in a plug for his latest novel.
  8. (geology) A body of once molten rock that hardened in a volcanic vent. Usually round or oval in shape. Pressure built beneath the plug in the caldera, eventually resulting in a catastrophic explosion of pyroclastic shrapnel and ash.
  9. (fishing) A type of lure consisting of a rigid, buoyant or semi-buoyant body and one or more hook. The fisherman cast the plug into a likely pool, hoping to catch a whopper.
  10. (horticulture) A small seedling grown in a tray from expanded polystyrene or polythene filled usually with a peat or compost substrate.
  11. A short cylindrical piece of jewellery commonly worn in larger-gauge body piercings, especially in the ear.
Synonyms: (hole filler) bung, stopper, (worthless horse) dobbin, hack, jade, nag
coordinate terms:
  • (worthless horse) bum (racing)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To stop with a plug; to make tight by stopping a hole. He attempted to plug the leaks with some caulk.
  2. (transitive) To blatantly mention a particular product or service as if advertising it. The main guest on the show just kept plugging his latest movie: it got so tiresome.
  3. (intransitive, informal) To persist or continue with something. Keep plugging at the problem until you find a solution.
  4. (transitive) To shoot a bullet into something with a gun.
    • 1884, , I am awfully glad that you kept your nerve and plugged him; it would have been better if you could have nailed him through the right shoulder, which would not have killed him...
  5. (slang, transitive) to have sex with, penetrate sexually. I'd love to plug her.
related terms:
  • plug in
  • unplug
  • gulp
plugfest etymology plug + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) An event during which hardware device are test for interoperability with emerging standard by physically connect them together. In the New Serial Bus (NSB) plugfest, the FooMonkey device was unable to connect to a NSB controller and therefore did not receive compliance certification.
    • http//
    • http//
plugged in
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable, of an electric device) With it's plug properly connected to the electric plug socket. Check if the television is plugged in.
  2. (colloquial, by extension) Fully aware; in a state of keeping up with current information about a topic; engaged wholeheartedly in a task or cause; connected; informed; involved. By subscribing to this magazine, you can stay plugged in to current issues. My new boss is much more plugged in to the needs of his employees than my last boss. Even the most plugged-in politics enthusiasts had a hard time understanding his oblique references.
verb: plugged in
  1. en-past of plug in I plugged in the television.
plug nickel etymology Some early United States coins (minted in the 18th and 19th centuries) were made with a small silver disc added to the center of the coin in the planchet (blank metal) before striking. This was done to increase the value of the metal in the coin up to the coin's face value. A plug nickel or plugged nickel is a nickel (now a five-cent coin, but originally a one-cent coin and later a three-cent coin) where the "plug" (center disc) has been removed, thus decreasing the metal value of the coin. People would often examine their change after a cash transaction to ensure they did not receive such a coin. Alternative forms: plugged nickel
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, colloquial) A nearly worthless amount.
    • 1997 March 6, Neil Munro, "Putting a Price Tag on Privacy," (retrieved 28 Sep 2008): Others estimate that each consumer's data is virtually worthless to the consumer; "Most of [consumers'] information, on an open market, is not worth a plug nickel," said Bruce Belair, a Washington-based lawyer.
    • 2002 Feb. 19, "Opinion: State Must Fast-track MTA $ Plan," New York Daily News (retrieved 28 Sep 2008): The Senate can easily release these MTA bonds to the financial markets to stop subway fare hikes—and it won't cost the state a plug nickel.
    • 2006 April 24, Steve Schultze, "Dolphins in mural could be rescued," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (retrieved 28 Sep 2008): There's no additional money for saving the mural, he said. "I have no intention of spending another plug nickel on it."
  • Often used in negative constructions, especially "not worth a plug nickel."
  • The alternative form "plugged nickel" has been in use longer than "plug nickel", although "plug" has begun to supercede "plugged". Syntactically, a more correct term would be an "unplugged nickel" in reference to the fact that the "plug" (silver center disc) was removed, but this term is very rare.
Synonyms: farthing, brass farthing, red cent, two cents
related terms:
  • don't take any wooden nickels
plug out
verb: {{head}}
  1. (Ireland, colloquial) to unplug, to remove an electrical cord from its socket.
  • plug in
plug the runner
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (baseball, slang, 1800s) To throw the ball at the runner in order to "tag" him out (illegal after 1845).
Synonyms: soak the runner
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Very ugly.
plum {{slim-wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /plʌm/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Old English plūme, from Proto-Germanic *prūmōn. Cognate with German Pflaume, Dutch pruim. Compare prune
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of Prunus domestica, often of a dark red or purple colour.
  2. The stone-fruit tree which bears this fruit, Prunus domestica.
  3. A dark bluish-red color/colour, the colour of some plums. {{color panel}} {{color panel}}
  4. A desirable thing.
  5. (archaic) A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of £100,000 sterling, or a person possessing it.
  6. (dated) A good or choice thing of its kind, as among appointments, positions, parts of a book, etc. The mayor rewarded his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for handsome pay.
  7. A raisin, when used in a pudding or cake.
  8. (pejorative) A fool, idiot.
  9. (slang, usually in plural) A testicle.
  10. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of several species sharing Prunus subg. Prunus with Prunus domestica including, among others:
    1. {{taxlink}}
      1. Prunus cerasifera, the cherry plum or myrobalan
      2. {{taxlink}} the Chinese plum or {{vern}}
      3. Prunus spinosa, the sloe
      4. {{taxlink}} the {{vern}}
    2. {{taxlink}} North American plums
      1. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}}
      2. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}} or {{vern}}
      3. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}}
      4. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}} or {{vern}}
      5. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}} or {{vern}}
      6. {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}} or {{vern}}
    3. {{taxlink}} (better known as apricot)
      1. Prunus mume, an Asian fruit more closely related to the apricot than the plum, usually consumed pickled, dried, or as a juice or wine; ume.
  11. The stone-fruit trees which bear these fruits.
  12. The fruits of many unrelated trees and shrubs with fruit perceived to resemble plums
  13. The trees and shrubs bearing those fruits
Synonyms: (tree) plum tree, plumtree, (edible fleshy fruit of Prunus mume) ume
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (comparable) Of a dark bluish-red colour.
  2. (not comparable) Choice; especially lavish or preferred. She landed a plum position as an executive for the firm.
etymology 2 Phonetically based spelling of plumb
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Plumb
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Completely; utterly. You're going to think I'm plum crazy for this, but I want to adopt all seven kittens.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (mining) To plumb.
  • lump
plumb {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French *, from Latin plumba (plural of plumbum). pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /plʌm/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. truly vertical, as indicated by a plumb line
  2. (cricket) Describing an LBW where the batsman is hit on the pad directly in front of his wicket and should be given out.
Synonyms: (truly vertical) perpendicular
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In a vertical direction; perpendicular.
    • Milton Plumb down he falls.
  2. (informal) Squarely, directly; completely. It hit him plumb in the middle of his face. Years ago the well plumb dried out, not a drop of water in there since.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A little mass of lead, or the like, attached to a line, and used by builder, etc., to indicate a vertical direction.
  2. (nautical) A weight on the end of a long line, used by sailor to determine the depth of water.
Synonyms: (construction) plummet, plumb bob (UK), plumb line (US)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To determine the depth, generally of a liquid; to sound.
  2. To attach to a water supply and drain.
  3. To think about or explore in depth, to get to the bottom of, especially to plumb the depths of.
  4. To use a plumb bob as a measuring or aligning tool.
  5. To accurately align vertically or horizontally.
  6. (dated) To seal something with lead.
  7. (intransitive) To work as a plumber.
  8. (rare) To fall or sink like a plummet.
  9. (US, colloquial, figuratively, obsolete) To trace a road or track; to follow it to its end.
  10. (nautical) To position vertically above or below.
plumb crazy
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Thoroughly crazy; quite mad.
plumber's crack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An intergluteal cleft visible due to low-riding pants, especially when one is bending over.
Synonyms: builder's bum
plumbing pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈplʌmɪŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The pipe, together with the joint, tank, stopcock, tap and other fixture of a water, gas or sewage system in a house or other building.
  2. (uncountable) The trade or occupation of a plumber.
  3. (uncountable, informal) A system of vessel or duct in the human body, especially the genitourinary system. My plumbing was playing up, so I had to see the doctor.
  4. (countable) A Murasugi sum where each disk summed along has its boundary subdivided into four segments.
Synonyms: (genitourinary system) waterworks (informal)
related terms:
  • plumb
  • plumber
plummy pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈplʌmi/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology plum + y. In the sense of a voice, because of the supposed similarity to speaking with a plum in one's mouth.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, pertaining to, containing, or characteristic of plum
  2. (informal) desirable; profitable; advantageous For the sake of getting something plummy. — G. Eliot.
  3. (of a voice) rich, mellow and carefully articulated, especially with an upper-class accent
    • {{quote-news}}
plumper {{Webster 1913}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-comparative of plump
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who plump or swell out something else.
  2. That which plump or swell out something else.
  3. Hence, something carried in the mouth to distend the cheeks.
  4. In election, a vote given to one candidate only, when two or more are to be elected, thus giving him or her the advantage over the others; a person who gives his or her vote thus is said to plump, or to plump his or her vote.
  5. A voter who plumps his or her vote.
  6. A downright, unqualified lie.
  7. (internet, slang) An obese woman, especially in pornography.
Synonyms: (one who plumps), (that which plumps), (something carried in the mouth to distend the cheeks), (vote given to one candidate when two or more are to be elected), (voter who plumps his vote), (downright, unqualified lie) pork pie (Cockney rhyming slang), porky (UK slang), tall story, whopper
plumpie etymology plump + ie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A plump person.
    • 2006, Kathleen de Azevedo, Samba Dreamers (page 170) The boys liked to watch each other get dressed, and oh those pink fleshy plumpies with sturdy little legs! She should find some daffodils somewhere and take their picture.
    • 2008, Alice Peck, Bread, Body, Spirit: Finding the Sacred in Food (page 54) The overwhelming popularity of the Food Channel has made superstars out of plumpies like Mario Batali, Paula Deen, Ina Garten, a.k.a. The Barefoot Contessa, and those Two Fat Ladies, one of whom may she rest in peace.
    • 2010, Mary Mcreynolds, The Tapeworm Emails (page 56) I'm referring to the fictional depictions, those dimple bottomed winged plumpies flying around with harps or bows and arrows.
plumptious etymology {{blend}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) plump and delicious
    • 2013, A. A. Gill, To America with Love (page 109) It was like seeing some dreamy fruit at the point of optimum, plumptious juiciness.
plunder etymology Recorded since 1632 (during the Thirty Years War, native British use since the Cromwellian Civil War), from geh plunderen (Dutch plunderen) from plunder; akin to Middle Dutch plunder, Saterland Frisian plunnerje, Western Frisian plunje and Dutch plunje. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈplʌndə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To pillage, take or destroy all the goods of, by force (as in war); to raid, sack. The mercenaries plundered the small town. The shopkeeper was plundered of his possessions by the burglar.
  2. (transitive) To take (goods) by pillage. The mercenaries plundered all the goods they found.
  3. (intransitive) To take by force or wrongfully; to commit robbery or loot, to raid. "Now to plunder, mateys!" screamed a buccaneer, to cries of "Arrgh!" and "Aye!" all around.
  4. (transitive) To make extensive (over)use of, as if by plundering; to use or use up wrongfully. The miners plundered the jungle for its diamonds till it became a muddy waste.
  5. {{rfdef}}
    • 2014, , "Southampton hammer eight past hapless Sunderland in barmy encounter", The Guardian, 18 October 2014: The Serb teed up Steve Davis, who crossed low for Graziano Pellè to plunder his fifth league goal of the campaign.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An instance of plundering
  2. The loot attained by plundering The Hessian kept his choicest plunder in a sack that never left his person, for fear that his comrades would steal it.
  3. (slang, dated) baggage; luggage
plunge {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English plungen, ploungen, xno plungier, from Old French plonger, (Modern French plonger), from unattested ll frequentative *, from Latin plumbum. Compare plumb, plounce. pronunciation
  • /plʌndʒ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. the act of plunging or submerging
  2. a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into (into water) to take the water with a plunge plunge in the sea
  3. (figuratively) the act of pitching or throwing one's self headlong or violently forward, like an unruly horse
  4. (slang) heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous speculation
  5. (obsolete) an immersion in difficulty, embarrassment, or distress; the condition of being surrounded or overwhelmed; a strait; difficulty
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To thrust into water, or into any substance that is penetrable; to immerse. exampleto plunge the body into water
  2. (figuratively, transitive) To cast or throw into some thing, state, condition or action. exampleto plunge a dagger into the breast;   to plunge a nation into war
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To baptize by immersion.
  4. (intransitive) To dive, leap or rush (into water or some liquid); to submerge one's self. examplehe plunged into the river
  5. (figuratively, intransitive) To fall or rush headlong into some thing, action, state or condition. exampleto plunge into debt;   to plunge into controversy
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 8 , “The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet:….”
    • 1989 , The Theory of Linear Economic Models, David Gale, “Before asking the reader to plunge into the subject of linear models I shall, in accordance with a sensible custom, attempt in the few pages which follow to give some idea of what this subject is.”
  6. (intransitive) To pitch or throw one's self headlong or violently forward, as a horse does.
    • Joseph Hall (1574-1656) some wild colt, which … flings and plunges
  7. (intransitive, slang) To bet heavily and with seeming recklessness on a race, or other contest; in an extended sense, to risk large sums in hazardous speculations.
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To entangle or embarrass (mostly used in past participle).
    • Thomas Browne (1605-1682) Plunged and gravelled with three lines of Seneca.
  9. (intransitive, obsolete) To overwhelm, overpower.
  • pungle
plunger {{wikipedia}} etymology From plunge + er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A device that is used to remove blockage from a toilet or sink by suction.
  2. The internal piece of a syringe that pushes out or pulls in any contents.
  3. The sliding activator of an exploder, an electrical generator used to trigger electrical detonator such as blasting cap.
  4. The part of a cafetière that is pushed down to remove grounds from coffee.
  5. One who plunge; a diver.
  6. A device similar to a piston but without a mechanism; a long solid cylinder used, instead of a piston or bucket, as a forcer in pump.
  7. The moving portion of solenoid.
  8. (pinball) The spring-loaded assembly that propels the ball onto the table.
  9. (dated, slang) A reckless gambler.
  10. (pottery) A boiler in which clay is beaten by a wheel to a creamy consistency. {{rfquotek}}
  11. (firearms) The firing pin of a breechloader.
Synonyms: (device) plumber's helper (colloquial), plumber's friend (colloquial)
plunk etymology Onomatopoetic. Compare flump. pronunciation
  • /plʌŋk/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To drop or throw something heavily onto or into something else, so that it makes a dull sound. Enrique plunked his money down on the counter with a sigh and bellied up to the bar.
  2. (intransitive) To land suddenly or heavily; to plump down.
  3. (baseball, transitive) To intentionally hit the batter with a pitch. The Braves retaliated by plunking Harper in the next inning.
  4. (intransitive, of a raven) To croak.
  5. (transitive) To pluck and quickly release (a musical string); to twang.
  6. (ambitransitive, Scotland) To be a truant from (school).
Synonyms: flump, thud
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The dull thud of something landing on a surface.
  2. (slang, obsolete) A large sum of money.
  3. (slang, obsolete, US) A dollar.
plus pronunciation
  • /plʌs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Latin plus.
conjunction: {{en-con}}
  1. sum of the previous one and the following one. Two plus two equals four. A water molecule is made up of two hydrogen atoms plus one of oxygen.
  2. (colloquial) with; having in addition I've won a holiday to France plus five hundred Euros' spending money!
  3. and also; in addition Let's go home now, it's late, plus I'm not feeling too well.
Synonyms: and
  • minus
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A positive quantity.
  2. An asset or useful addition. He is a real plus to the team.
  3. (arithmetic) A plus sign: +.
Synonyms: (useful addition) asset, (arithmetic: plus sign) plus sign
  • (useful addition) liability, minus
  • (arithmetic: plus sign) minus, minus sign
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Being positive rather than negative or zero. -2 * -2 = +4 ("minus 2 times minus 2 equals plus four")
  2. Positive, or involving advantage. He is a plus factor.
  3. (physics) Electrically positive. A battery has both a plus pole and a minus pole.
Synonyms: (being positive rather than negative or zero) positive, (positive, involving advantage) advantageous, good, positive
  • (being positive rather than negative or zero) minus, negative
  • (positive, involving advantage) bad, disadvantageous, minus, negative
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To add; to subject to addition.
  2. {{rfdef}}
plute Alternative forms: ploot etymology Shortened from plutocrat. pronunciation
  • /pluːt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, Australia, US) A plutocrat, especially a rich industrialist.
    • 1909, Western Federation of Miners, Miner′s Magazine, [http//|%22plutes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&dq=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iX7dT_X1MOuXiQeq5ciZCg&redir_esc=y page 95], As a result, the plutes are in a panic.
    • 1915, , Michael O′Halloran, 2006, Echo Library, [http//|%22plutes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iX7dT_X1MOuXiQeq5ciZCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22plute%22&f=false page 224], “Exactly what the plutes are doing,” said Mickey. “Gee, Junior, if your Pa does all the things he said he was going to, you'll be a plute yourself!” “Never heard him say anything in my life he didn′t do,” said Junior, “and didn′t you notice that he put you in too? You′ll be just as much of a plute as I will.”
    • 1917, New Zealand House of Representatives, Parliamentary Debates, [http//|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&dq=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IYPdT4WzEqe6iQfy0IidCg&redir_esc=y page 153], Then one of the papers — the Wellington Truth — had a paragraph in it that on account of the strike being settled I was deprived of that trip to represent the “plutes” in Australia — so easily can one′s action be misconstrued and misunderstood.
    • 1917 October 4, People, quoted in 1989, John Gunn, Along Parallel Lines: A History of the Railways of New South Wales, [http//|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IYPdT4WzEqe6iQfy0IidCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22plute%22&f=false page 287], Against the workers were arrayed the whole forces of Australian Capitalism — plutes (sic), press, politicians, pulpits and all the powers and forces of the State and Federal Government, with the Courts and all the forces of repression behind the State Capitalist Government.
    • 1938, , , 2010, [http//|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IYPdT4WzEqe6iQfy0IidCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22plute%22&f=false unnumbered page], And they can′t export it, because, Australia bein′ a workin′ man′s paradise, which is better than it bein′ a paradise for Plutes, their cost of production is too high for competition with countries where labour is sweated.
    • 1993, Frank Cain, The Wobblies at War: A History of the IWW and the Great War in Australia, [http//|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&dq=%22plute%22|%22plutes%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22plute%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IYPdT4WzEqe6iQfy0IidCg&redir_esc=y page 180], …but then the prostitutes of the plute press are always cunning flunkeys of the Most High.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 104: Straight talk. No double-talking you like the plutes do, ’cause with them what you always have to be listening for is the opposite of what they say.
  • letup, let up
  • tuple
plutey etymology plute + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, rare) plutocratic
    • 1933, The Commercial Telegraphers' Journal … Rice Rees, Art Chamberlain, and Butch Nicholson; a select GD crowd, we were told, a rather plutey bunch.
    • 2010, Mark Abernethy, Second Strike She'd been posing as a journalist and had joined a plutey Bangkok tennis club to get close to a general in the government.
ply {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /plaɪ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English, from Middle French pli, from plier, from Latin plicō.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A layer of material. exampletwo-ply toilet paper
  2. A strand that, twisted together with other strands, makes up yarn or rope.
  3. (colloquial) Plywood.
  4. (artificial intelligence, game theory) In two-player sequential games, a "half-turn", or one move made by one of the players. He proposed to build Deep Purple, a super-computer capable of 24-ply look-ahead for chess.
  5. (now chiefly Scotland) State, condition.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, Penguin 1985, p. 66: You may be sure, in the ply I was now taking, I had no objection to the proposal, and was rather a-tiptoe for its accomplishment.
etymology 2 From Middle English plien, from Middle French plier, see Etymology 1.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) to bend; to fold.
    • L'Estrange The willow plied, and gave way to the gust.
  2. (intransitive) to flex.
etymology 3 From Middle English plien, short for applien
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To work at diligent. He plied his trade as carpenter for forty-three years.
    • Waller Their bloody task, unwearied, still they ply.
  2. (intransitive) To work diligently.
    • Milton Ere half these authors be read (which will soon be with plying hard and daily).
    • Addison He was forced to ply in the streets as a porter.
  3. (transitive) To use vigorously. He plied his ax with bloody results.
  4. (transitive) To travel over regular. ply the seven seas A steamer plies between certain ports.
  5. (transitive) To persist in offering.
    • 1929, , , Chapter VII, Section vi Esther began … to cry. But when the fire had been lit specially to warm her chilled limbs and Adela had plied her with hot negus she began to feel rather a heroine.
    She plied him with liquor.
  6. To press upon; to urge importunately. to ply one with questions, with solicitations, or with drink
    • Shakespeare He plies the duke at morning and at night.
  7. To employ diligently; to use steadily.
    • Shakespeare Go ply thy needle; meddle not.
  8. (nautical) To work to windward; to beat.
plyg etymology From polygamist, in reference to the Mormon practice (which has been discontinued by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) of polygamy (plural marriage).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, offensive) A fundamentalist Mormon. Members of the fundamentalist plyg movement are "Mormon" but are not LDS. The schoolgirl drew stares from outsiders because of her long pastel dress and upswept hairdo, and her brother once got into a fistfight with a group of Gentile and LDS boys who had been taunting him and his sister, calling them "plygs".
plz etymology A short form of please.
contraction: {{head}}
  1. (slang) short for please
contraction: {{en-cont}}
  1. (slang) please, thanks
po pronunciation
  • /pəʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old English pāwa, from gmw, from Latin pāvo. Cognate with Dutch pauw, German Pfau.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A peacock.
etymology 2 From French pot.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, Australia, NZ, colloquial, dated) A chamberpot.
    • 1988, Richard Hoggart, A Local Habitation, 1918-40, Chatto & Windus, ISBN 0-7011-3305-8, [http//|%22pos%22+-po+chamberpot+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22po%22|%22pos%22+-po+chamberpot+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YpzdT_bzFsWjiAfV7emRCg&redir_esc=y page 67], ‘Pos’ or ‘chamber pots’ were provided under the beds.
    • 1989, Leonard Woolf, Frederic Spotts (editor), Letters of Leonard Woolf, [http//|%22pos%22+-po+chamberpot+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22po%22|%22pos%22+-po+chamberpot+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YpzdT_bzFsWjiAfV7emRCg&redir_esc=y page 86], There are always several spitoons & pos [chamber pots] about the room & a loathesome smell of consumption, which I expect I shall catch.
  • op, op., OP
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Shortened form of poor.
  • op , op., OP
PO'd etymology Euphemistic and abbreviated form of pissed off. Alternative forms: po'd
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial, euphemistic) Annoyed, irritated, angry; depressed, fed up.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
  • DOP, dop
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{wikipedia}} {{en-initialism}}
  1. proof of concept
  2. point of contact
  3. (nautical) port of call
  4. (vulgar) piece of crap
  5. person of color
  • cop
  • CPO
  • OPC
pocket {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English pocket, from xno poket, onf poquet, poquete, diminutive of poque, poke (compare modern French pochette from Old French pochete, from puche), from frk *pokka, from Proto-Germanic *puk-, *pūka-, from Proto-Indo-European *buk-, *bu-, *beu-. Cognate with Middle Dutch poke, Swiss German Pfoch, Old English pocca, pohha, Old Norse poki. Compare the related poke ("sack or bag"). See also Modern French pochette and Latin bucca.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A bag stitched to an item of clothing, used for carrying small items.
  2. Such a receptacle seen as housing someone's money; hence, financial resources.
    • 2012, Simon Heffer, "In Fagin's Footsteps", Literary Review, 403: There was, for much of the period, no cheap public transport; and even the Underground, or one of Shillibeer's horse-drawn omnibuses, was beyond the pocket of many of the poor.
  3. (sports, billiards, pool, snooker) An indention and cavity with a net sack or similar structure (into which the balls are to be struck) at each corner and one centered on each side of a pool or snooker table.
  4. An enclosed volume of one substance surrounded by another.
    • {{quote-news}} She knew from avalanche safety courses that outstretched hands might puncture the ice surface and alert rescuers. She knew that if victims ended up buried under the snow, cupped hands in front of the face could provide a small pocket of air for the mouth and nose. Without it, the first breaths could create a suffocating ice mask.
    exampleThe drilling expedition discovered a pocket of natural gas.
  5. (Australia) An area of land surrounded by a loop of a river.
  6. (Australian rules football) The area of the field to the side of the goal post (four pockets in total on the field, one to each side of the goals at each end of the ground). The pocket is only a roughly defined area, extending from the behind post, at an angle, to perhaps about 30 meters out.
  7. (American Football) The region directly behind the offensive line in which the quarterback executes play.
  8. (military) An area where military units are completely surrounded by enemy units.
  9. (rugby) {{rfdef}}
    • {{quote-news }}
  10. A large bag or sack formerly used for pack various articles, such as ginger, hops, or cowrie.
  11. (architecture) A hole or space covered by a movable piece of board, as in a floor, boxing, partitions, etc.
  12. (mining) A cavity in a rock containing a nugget of gold, or other mineral; a small body of ore contained in such a cavity.
  13. (nautical) A strip of canvas sewn upon a sail so that a batten or a light spar can placed in the interspace.
  14. The pouch of an animal.
  15. (bowling) The ideal point where the pin are hit by the bowling ball.
  16. A socket for receiving the base of a post, stake, etc.
  17. A bight on a lee shore.
  18. (dentistry) A small space between a tooth and the adjoining gum, formed by an abnormal separation of the two.
related terms:
  • poke
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To put (something) into a pocket.
  2. (sports, billiards, snooker, pool) To cause a ball to go into one of the pockets of the table; to complete a shot.
  3. (slang) To take and keep (especially money) that which is not one's own.
  4. (slang) To shoplift, to steal.
  5. To receive (an insult, an affront, etc.) without open resentment, or without seeking redress.
    • Shakespeare Well, ruffian, I must pocket up these wrongs.
Synonyms: (in billiards, etc) pot, (take and keep, etc) trouser
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of a size suitable for putting into a pocket. pocket dictionary
  2. Smaller or more compact than usual.
  3. (Texas hold'em poker) Referring to the two initial hole card. A pocket pair of kings.
Synonyms: (of a size suitable for a pocket) pocket-size, pocket-sized
pocket change
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) An insignificant amount of money. The cost of a wedding is pocket change to a millionaire.
pocket pool
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A variation of the game of pool.
  2. (slang) The act of manipulating the penis and testicle through a trouser pocket; masturbation.
  • 1986 Jonathan Kellerman: Blood Test (page 70)
  • "I don't give a damn if your messengers end up giving fuck shows for horny old men snarfing nose candy and playing pocket pool"...
Synonyms: See also , Finnish: fi, Spanish: es
pocketpussy etymology pocket + pussy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) artificial vagina used for masturbation
pocket rocket
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) penis
    • 2009, Nicola Cuti, Moonie and the Spider Queen (page 113) And then Torry suggested we climb in bed together while I told him the rest of the story, and I could tell from the way his pocket rocket was standing all straight out and stiff that he probably wouldn't be able to pay attention to the story anyhow.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A bag pudding.
  2. (derogatory, Scotland) An English person.
{{Webster 1913}}
podcat etymology Coined by Michael Capson on the radio program Good Morning Dude.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A person who enjoys podcast to excessive amounts, or who listens to podcasts on a regular basis.
etymology 1 From podgy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a fat person
etymology 2 Compare German Patsche.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, dialect) A puddle; a plash. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (UK, dialect) porridge {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
podhead etymology pod + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) One who is obsessed with his or her iPod.
    • 2004, J D Biersdorfer, David Pogue, iPod and iTunes: the missing manual Many Podheads got very excited when gadget-guru Web sites — like and — reported that Apple had buried a super-secret debugger program in the iPod software...
podosphere etymology Most likely derived from the term blogosphere, it seems to have been first coined by podcaster during the opening session on podcasting of the Bloggercon III conference.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The collective podcasting social network or community.
    • 2005, Steve Shipside, Podcasting: The Ultimate Starter Kit , ISBN 1904902731, page 132: Religion is one of the most talked about subjects on earth and, unsurprisingly, one of the most podcasted in the podosphere.
    • 2005 April 10, Garry Barker, "Welcome to the wide world of the podosphere", The Age : John Markoff, senior technology reporter at the New York Times, says more than 11 million Americans are now in the podosphere and that by 2008 there will be nearly 60 million, and double that worldwide.
    • 2006, Mur Lafferty, Tricks of the Podcasting Masters , ISBN 0789735741, page 178: You don't want to spend too much money on your podcast at first because you want to see how you like it and how much of a splash you make on the podosphere, but it's difficult to make that splash when you're making subpar recordings.
Podsnappery etymology Podsnap + ery, referring to a character Mr. Podsnap in Charles Dickens' Our Mutual Friend (1864–1865), in which this word was also coined. Podsnap was "conscious that he set a brilliant social example in being particularly well satisfied with most things, and, above all other things, with himself".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) smug self-satisfaction and a lack of interest in the affairs of others
poes Alternative forms: puss etymology From Afrikaans poes. pronunciation
  • /pus/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, crude, slang) The female genitalia.
  2. (South Africa, crude, slang, derogatory) A disliked person.
  • opes
  • peso
  • pose
pogey Alternative forms: pogie, pogy pronunciation {{rfp}} etymology 1891 a poorhouse, possibly from British hobo slang, 1954 assistance.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, historical, countable) A poorhouse, workhouse, welfare office, charity hostel, etc.
  2. (Canada, slang, uncountable, often with the) Government financial assistance, particularly employment insurance.
    • 1984, Michiel Horn, The Great Depression of the 1930s in Canada (Canadian Historical Booklet no. 39), Canadian Historical Association, p 10: There were no jobs for the unemployed, however. And thus many hundreds of thousands went “on the pogey,” although all available evidence indicates that they loathed doing so. To accept relief was an admission of defeat and failure, a humiliating stigma, whether the relief was indirect or direct.
  • on the pogey
Synonyms: pogey house, dole, (Canada) employment insurance, EI, (Canada) unemployment insurance, UI
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (in Ireland) A kiss
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
  2. (dated, slang) A purse; hence money
  3. (US) A young, male, passive homosexual
  4. (US) A soldier who is assigned administrative rather than combat duties
point {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English point, from Old French point, from Latin punctum, prop. a hole punched in, substantive use of punctus, perfect passive participle of pungō. Displaced native Middle English ord, from Old English ord. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /pɔɪ̯nt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A discrete division of something.
    1. An individual element in a larger whole; a particular detail, thought, or quality. {{defdate}} The Congress debated the finer points of the bill.
    2. A particular moment in an event or occurrence; a juncture. {{defdate}} There comesi a point in a marathon when some people give up. At this point in the meeting, I'd like to propose a new item for the agenda.
    3. (archaic) Condition, state. {{defdate}} She was not feeling in good point.
    4. A topic of discussion or debate; a proposition, a focus of conversation or consideration. {{defdate}} I made the point that we all had an interest to protect.
    5. (obsolete) The smallest quantity of something; a jot, a whit. {{defdate}}
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.ii: full large of limbe and euery ioint / He was, and cared not for God or man a point.
    6. (obsolete) A tiny amount of time; a moment. {{defdate}}
      • Sir J. Davies When time's first point begun / Made he all souls.
    7. A specific location or place, seen as a spatial position. {{defdate}} We should meet at a pre-arranged point.
    8. (mathematics, science) A zero-dimensional mathematical object representing a location in one or more dimensions; something considered to have position but no magnitude or direction. {{defdate}}
    9. A purpose or objective. {{defdate}} Since the decision has already been made, I see little point in further discussion.
    10. A full stop or other terminal punctuation mark. {{defdate}}
      • Alexander Pope Commas and points they set exactly right.
    11. (music) A dot or mark used to designate certain tones or time. In ancient music, it distinguished or characterized certain tones or styles (points of perfection, of augmentation, etc.). In modern music, it is placed on the right of a note to raise its value, or prolong its time, by one half.
    12. (by extension) A note; a tune.
      • Sir Walter Scott Sound the trumpet — not a levant, or a flourish, but a point of war.
    13. A distinguishing quality or characteristic. {{defdate}} Logic isn't my strong point.
    14. Something tiny, as a pinprick; a very small mark. {{defdate}} The stars showed as tiny points of yellow light.
    15. (now only in phrases) A tenth; formerly also a twelfth. {{defdate}} Possession is nine points of the law.
    16. Each of the mark or stroke written above letter, especially in Semitic languages, to indicate vowel, stress etc. {{defdate}}
    17. (gaming) A unit of scoring in a game or competition. {{defdate}} The one with the most points will win the game
    18. (mathematics) A decimal point (now especially when reading decimal fractions aloud). {{defdate}} 10.5 ("ten point five"; = ten and a half)
    19. (economics) A unit used to express differences in prices of stock and share. {{defdate}}
    20. (typography) a unit of measure equal to 1/12 of a pica, or approximately 1/72 of an inch (exactly 1/72 of an inch in the digital era). {{defdate}}
    21. (UK) An electric power socket. {{defdate}}
    22. (navigation, nautical) A unit of bearing equal to one thirty-second of a circle, i.e. 11.25°. Ship ahoy, three points off the starboard bow!
  2. A sharp extremity.
    1. The sharp tip of an object. {{defdate}} Cut the skin with the point of the knife.
    2. Any projecting extremity of an object. {{defdate}}
    3. An object which has a sharp or tapering tip. {{defdate}} His cowboy belt was studded with points.
    4. (backgammon) Each of the twelve triangular positions in either table of a backgammon board, on which the stone are played. {{defdate}}
    5. A peninsula or promontory. {{defdate}}
    6. The position at the front or vanguard of an advancing force. {{defdate}}
      • 2005, Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945–2000, Simon & Schuster, ISBN 978-0-7432-3011-6, page 189: Willie Jones decided to become Kimani Jones, Black Panther, on the day his best friend, Otis Nicholson, stepped on a mine while walking point during a sweep in the central highlands.
    7. Each of the main directions on a compass, usually considered to be 32 in number; a direction. {{defdate}}
    8. (nautical) The difference between two points of the compass. to fall off a point
    9. Pointedness of speech or writing; a penetrating or decisive quality of expression. {{defdate}}
      • 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew: There was moreover a hint of the duchess in the infinite point with which, as she felt, she exclaimed: "And this is what you call coming often?"
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 4 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “I told him about everything I could think of; and what I couldn't think of he did. He asked about six questions during my yarn, but every question had a point to it. At the end he bowed and thanked me once more. As a thanker he was main-truck high; I never see anybody so polite.”
    10. (railroads, UK, in the plural) A railroad switch. {{defdate}}
    11. (usually, in the plural) An area of contrasting colour on an animal, especially a dog; a marking. {{defdate}} The point color of that cat was a deep, rich sable.
    12. A tine or snag of an antler.
    13. (fencing) A movement executed with the sabre or foil. tierce point
  3. (heraldry) One of the several different parts of the escutcheon.
  4. (nautical) A short piece of cordage used in reef sail.
  5. (historical) A string or lace used to tie together certain garments. {{rfquotek}}
  6. Lace worked by the needle. point de Venise; Brussels point
  7. (US, slang, dated) An item of private information; a hint; a tip; a pointer.
  8. The attitude assumed by a pointer dog when he finds game. The dog came to a point.
  9. (falconry) The perpendicular rising of a hawk over the place where its prey has gone into cover.
  10. The act of pointing, as of the foot downward in certain dance positions.
  11. (medicine, obsolete) A vaccine point.
  12. In various sports, a position of a certain player, or, by extension, the player occupying that position.
    1. (cricket) A fielding position square of the wicket on the off side, between gully and cover. {{defdate}}
    2. (lacrosse, ice hockey) The position of the player of each side who stands a short distance in front of the goalkeeper.
    3. (baseball) The position of the pitcher and catcher.
    4. (hunting) A spot to which a straight run is made; hence, a straight run from point to point; a cross-country run.
Synonyms: (location or place) location, place, position, spot, (in geometry) ord, (particular moment in an event or occurrence) moment, ord, time, (sharp tip) end, ord, tip, (arithmetic symbol) decimal point (name of the symbol; not used when reading decimal fractions aloud), (opinion) opinion, point of view, view, viewpoint, (unit of measure of success or failure) mark (in a competition), (color of extremities of an animal)
hyponyms: {{hyp3}}
related terms: {{rel3}}
  • Japanese: ポイント 〈pointo〉
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To extend the index finger in the direction of something in order to show where it is or to draw attention to it.
    • Shakespeare Now must the world point at poor Katharine.
    • Dryden Point at the tattered coat and ragged shoe.
    • {{quote-news}}
    exampleIt's rude to point at other people.
  2. (intransitive) To draw attention to something or indicate a direction.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThe arrow of a compass points north exampleThe skis were pointing uphill. exampleThe arrow on the map points towards the entrance
  3. (intransitive) To face in a particular direction.
  4. (transitive) To direct toward an object; to aim. to point a gun at a wolf, or a cannon at a fort
  5. To give a point to; to sharpen; to cut, forge, grind, or file to an acute end. to point a dart, a pencil, or (figuratively) a moral
  6. (intransitive) to indicate a probability of something
    • {{quote-news}}
  7. (ambitransitive, masonry) To repair mortar.
  8. (transitive, masonry) To fill up and finish the joints of (a wall), by introducing additional cement or mortar, and bringing it to a smooth surface.
  9. (stone-cutting) To cut, as a surface, with a pointed tool.
  10. (transitive) To direct or encourage (someone) in a particular direction. exampleIf he asks for food, point him toward the refrigerator.
    • Alexander Pope Whosoever should be guided through his battles by Minerva, and pointed to every scene of them.
  11. (transitive, mathematics) To separate an integer from a decimal with a decimal point.
  12. (transitive) To mark with diacritics.
  13. (dated) To supply with punctuation mark; to punctuate. to point a composition
  14. (transitive, computing) To direct the central processing unit to seek information at a certain location in memory.
  15. (transitive, Internet) To direct requests sent to a domain name to the IP address corresponding to that domain name.
  16. (intransitive, nautical) To sail close to the wind. exampleBear off a little, we're pointing.
  17. (intransitive, hunting) To indicate the presence of game by a fixed and steady look, as certain hunting dogs do.
    • John Gay He treads with caution, and he points with fear.
  18. (medicine, of an abscess) To approximate to the surface; to head.
  19. (obsolete) To appoint. {{rfquotek}}
  20. (dated) To give particular prominence to; to designate in a special manner; to point out.
    • Charles Dickens He points it, however, by no deviation from his straightforward manner of speech.
  • {{rank}}
  • opt in, opt-in
  • pinot
  • pinto
  • piton
point break
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (surfing slang) The location where a wave breaks as it hits a point of land jutting out from the coastline.
related terms:
  • beach break
  • reef break
  • breakpoint, break point
pointer {{wikipedia}} etymology point + er. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Anything that point or is used for pointing.
  2. A needle-like component of a timepiece or measuring device that indicates the time or the current reading of the device.
  3. A breed of hunting dog.
  4. (programming) A variable that holds the address of a memory location where a value can be stored.
  5. (computing) An icon that indicates the position of the mouse; a cursor.
  6. A tip, a bit of advice (usually plural.) The instructor gave me some pointers on writing a good paper.
  7. (in combinations) Something worth a given number of points. a ten-pointer
    • {{quote-news }}
Synonyms: (teacher's pointer) fescue, (of a timepiece) hand, (of a measuring device) needle, (icon) mouse pointer, (programming) reference
  • interop, protein, pterion, repoint, tropein, tropine
points in the paint
noun: {{head}}
  1. (basketball, colloquial) Points scored from the free-throw line.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) pointed in shape, having a point or points
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any pointed object.
    • 2012, Lou Rain, Family Effects (page 298) Even though Skylar has never had a seizure to my knowledge since the incident in school, she still sees the things she likes to call pointies, just not as many as before, since she started taking the valproic acid, but still there's a few.
    • 2013, Jennifer Byrne, The Intrepid Parent's Field Guide to the Baby Kingdom (page 154) Plus, it's likely she will bite you the first few times you try messing with her mouth, so why not get those bites out of the way before the sharp pointies come in?
pointy bracket
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) angle bracket
poison {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French poison, from Latin potio, from poto. See also potion and potable. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈpɔɪz(ə)n/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A substance that is harmful or lethal to a living organism. We used a poison to kill the weeds.
  2. Something that harm a person or thing. Gossip is a malicious poison.
  3. (informal) A drink; liquor. - What's your poison? - I'll have a glass of whisky.
Synonyms: (substance that is harmful) atter, bane, contaminant, pollutant, toxin, venom
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To use poison to kill or paralyse somebody The assassin poisoned the king.
  2. (transitive) To pollute; to cause some part of the environment to become poisonous That factory is poisoning the river.
  3. (transitive) To cause something to become much worse Suspicion will poison their relationship. He poisoned the mood in the room with his non-stop criticism.
  4. (transitive) To cause someone to hate or to have unfair negative opinion She's poisoned him against all his old friends.
Synonyms: (to pollute) contaminate, pollute, taint, (to cause to become worse) corrupt, taint
pokable etymology poke + able
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Capable of being poke.
    • 1992, Thomas A. Easton, Woodsman (page 90) Like young monkeys, apes, or humans, they poked and pried inquisitively at anything that seemed pokable or priable.
  2. (slang, vulgar) Sexually desirable.
poke pronunciation
  • (British) {{enPR}}, /pəʊk/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /poʊk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Perhaps from Middle Dutch poken or German poken (both from Proto-Germanic *puk-), perhaps imitative.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To prod or jab with a pointed object such as a finger or a stick. {{defdate}}
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. To poke a fire to remove ash or promote burning.
  3. (figuratively) To rummage as in to poke about in. {{defdate}}
  4. (transitive, computing) To modify the value stored in (a memory address).
    • 1984, Franco Frey, SPECGRAFFITI (in Crash magazine, issue 6, July 1984) The 200 UDGs may be used either by paging between 10 sets of 20 UDGs or, alternatively, by displaying 96 different characters by poking the system variable CHARS with 256 less than the starting address of your graphics.
    • 1985, Tom Weishaar, Bert Kersey, The DOStalk Scrapbook (page 44) If you try to poke a value outside this range into a byte, Basic will beep you with an ILLEGAL QUANTITY error.
  5. To put a poke on. to poke an ox
  6. To thrust with the horns; to gore.
  7. (informal, internet) To notify.
  8. (transitive) To thrust (something) in a particular direction such as the tongue.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A lazy person; a dawdler.
  2. (US, slang) A stupid or uninteresting person. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (US) A device to prevent an animal from leaping or breaking through fence, consisting of a yoke with a pole inserted, pointed forward.
  4. (computing) The storage of a value in a memory address, typically to modify the behaviour of a program or to cheat at a video game.
    • 1988, "Lloyd Mangram", Forum (in Crash magazine issue 54, July 1988) Perhaps all those super hackers who so regularly produce infinite lives etc. could produce pokes to be used by 128K users.
etymology 2 From xno poke, whence pocket
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now regional) A sack or bag. {{defdate}}
    • c. 1386, , The Canterbury Tales, The Miller's Prologue and Tale: Gerveys answerde, “Certes, were it gold,Or in a poke nobles alle untold,Thou sholdest have, as I am trewe smyth.
    • c. 1599, , As You Like It, act 2, scene 7: And then he drew a dial from his poke,And, looking on it with lack-lustre eye,Says very wisely, ‘It is ten o'clock…’
    • 1605, , Remaines Concerning Brittaine, 1629 edition, Proverbes, page 276: When the Pig is proffered, hold vp the poke.
    • 1627, , Minor Poems of Michael Drayton, 1907 edition, poem Nimphidia: And suddainly vntyes the Poke,Which out of it sent such a smoke,As ready was them all to choke,So greeuous was the pother [...].
    • 1814, September 4, The Examiner, volume 13, number 349, article French Fashions, page 573: … and as to shape, a nightmare has as much. Under the poke and the muff-box, the face sometimes entirely disappears …
    • 1946, Mezz Mezzrow and Bernard Wolfe, Really the Blues, Payback Press 1999, p. 91: In the summertime they'd reach out and snatch your straw hat right off your head, and if you were fool enough to go after it your poke was bound to be lighter when you came out.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, p. 138: She did not eat blood-oranges. Her maw gived her one in a poke and she was going to throw it in the bin, Oh it is all black.
  2. A long, wide sleeve; a poke sleeve.
  3. (Scotland, Northern Ireland) An ice cream cone.
etymology 3 Either a shortening of, or from the same source as, pocan (quod vide).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dialectal) Pokeweed.
Synonyms: see the list at pokeweed
poke along etymology poke + along
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To move very slow. The horse-drawn carriage just poked along.
Pokéfan etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan or enthusiast of .
    • 2000, 12 November, Cliff Barnes, My Whitby Diary,!original/uk.people.gothic/3xVmZQ-39mk/-sRrWJY3QpwJ, uk.people.gothic, “This is fantastic... I've never met so many Pokéfans, and I've never seen so many Pikachu rucksacks around.”
    • 2004, Hirofumi Katsuno & Jeffrey Meret, "Localizing the Pokémon TV Series for the American Market", in Pikachu's Global Adventure: The Rise and Fall of Pokémon (ed. Joseph Tobin), Duke University Press (2004), ISBN 0822332507, page 81: When die-hard Pokéfans outside Japan discovered that portions of the original narrative were being withheld, they flocked to online chatrooms dedicated to the series, where they complained bitterly about censorship and debated various forms of protest.
    • 2007, Eli Neiburger, Gamers…in the Library?!: The Why, What, and How of Videogame Tournaments for All Ages, American Library Association (2007), ISBN 9780838909447, page 71: Few of even the most hard-core Pokéfans will ever have tried this, so just pulling together a copy of Pokémon XD for GameCube and two GameCube-Game Boy cables can deliver a play experience that they've never had before.
Synonyms: Pokémaniac
Pokémania etymology Pokémon + -mania
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Enthusiasm for the Pokémon media franchise.
    • 2001, Kathleen McDonnell, Honey, We Lost the Kids: Re-thinking Childhood in the Multimedia Age, Second Story Press (2001), ISBN 9781896764375, page 97: Teachers, who had vivid memories of the temporary insanity of POGS a few years earlier, said they'd never seen a craze to rival Pokémania.
    • 2008, Anne Allison, "The Attractions of the J-Wave for American Youth", in Soft Power Superpowers: Cultural and National Assets of Japan and the United States (eds. Yasushi Watanabe & David L. McConnell), M. E. Sharpe (2008), ISBN 9780765633811, page 105: It is one that reflects what I found to be the general attitude of American adults regarding the Pokémania that captivated U.S. youth for at least two years: that, though a popular fad of immense proportions, Pokémon (and through it Japan) influenced American youth in terms of their goals, actions, or attitudes in a way that was judged to be relatively benign.
    • 2009, Jason S. Yadao, The Rough Guide to Manga, Rough Guides (2009), ISBN 9781405384230, page 48: Launched on the wave of Pokémania was Viz's four-part manga The Electric Tale of Pikachu.
poker pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈpoʊkɚ/
  • (RP) /ˈpəʊkə/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 {{-er}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A metal rod, generally of wrought iron, for adjusting the burning log or coals in a fire; a firestick. {{defdate}}
  2. One who poke.
  3. A kind of duck, the pochard.
Synonyms: (fireplace utensil) firestick, stoker
etymology 2 American English, perhaps from first element of German Pochspiel, from German pochen, perhaps from French poque
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of various card game in which, following each of one or more round of deal or reveal the cards, the player in sequence make tactical bet or drop out, the bets forming a pool to be taken either by the sole remaining player or, after all rounds and bets have been completed, by those remaining players who hold a superior hand according to a standard rank of hand values for the game. {{defdate}}
  2. (poker) All the four cards of the same rank.
related terms:
  • when the chips are down
etymology 3 Compare Danish pokker, and English puck.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, colloquial) Any imagined frightful object, especially one supposed to haunt the darkness; a bugbear.
{{Webster 1913}}
pokerish etymology poker + ish. See poker.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, archaic, colloquial) unsafe, dangerous
  2. (archaic, colloquial) nervous, uneasy
    • 1894, Edward S. Ellis, Brave Tom, , , , “I wish Uncle Jed hadn't said what he did," he mused, when fairly beyond the town, "it makes me feel kind of pokerish; why didn't I think to bring my gun along? ”
pokey Alternative forms: poky pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈpəʊ.ki/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (of a room, house) of small volume, cramp
    • 1913, , , He loved the little pokey kitchen, where men’s boots tramped, and the dog slept with one eye open for fear of being trodden on; where the lamp hung over the table at night, and everything was so silent.
  2. (slang) slow
  3. (slang, of a car) fast
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, with "the") prison.
Synonyms: in the poke
pokie {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˈpəʊki/
etymology 1 From poker machine + ie; believed to have been coined in New South Wales in the 1970s.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) A poker machine.
    • 2004, Bernard Salt, The Big Shift, [http//|%22pokies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kovgT9r9IcGpiAfvqaiLCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22pokie%22|%22pokies%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 77], For several decades until the early 1990s, Echuca–Moama existed in the consciousness of Melburnians as the destination for pokie bus-trips. All of this changed when the Kennett Government legalised pokies in Victoria in 1993.
    • 2006, author not known, Sydney City Guide, Lonely Planet, [http//|%22pokies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22pokie%22|%22pokies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0n3gT-XnEO2aiQfciq2ICg&redir_esc=y page 148], In reality, the cheap beer and walls of pokies attract anyone and everyone.
    • 2008, , Say When, [http//|%22pokies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0n3gT-XnEO2aiQfciq2ICg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22pokie%22|%22pokies%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 171], None of these people around me punching the pokies has walked in here today expecting to be a loser.
Synonyms: poker machine, pokie machine, fruit machine, slot, slot machine
etymology 2 Shortening of genus name {{taxlink}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any of several species of arboreal tarantula in the genus {{taxlink}}.
poky Alternative forms: pokey
etymology 1 By shortening from poker machine
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A gambling device based on the card game poker
etymology 2 {{etystub}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. slow
etymology 3 {{etystub}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a room or other enclosed space) small and cramped
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) jail

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