The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


etymology 1 Abbreviation of poverty or impoverished.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, Australia) Poor; impoverished; cheap.
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Alternative forms: povo
etymology 2
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. alternative form of POV
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povvo etymology Probably pov(erty) + -o, diminutive suffix.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) poor, penniless
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) one who is poor, a pauper
Synonyms: pov
powder Alternative forms: powdre (obsolete) etymology From Middle English poudre, pouldre, Old French poudre, poldre, puldre, Latin pulvis. compare pollen fine flour, mill dust, E. pollen. Compare polverine, pulverize. pronunciation
  • (UK) /paʊ.də(ɹ)/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The fine particles to which any dry substance is reduced by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or into which it falls by decay; dust.
    • {{rfdate}} William Shakespeare: Grind their bones to powder small.
  2. A mixture of fine dry, sweet-smelling particles applied to the face or other body parts, to reduce shine or to alleviate chaffing.
    • 1912, , : She was redolent of violet sachet powder, and had warm, soft, white hands, but she danced divinely, moving as smoothly as the tide coming in.
  3. An explosive mixture used in gunnery, blasting, etc.; gunpowder.
  4. (informal) Light, dry, fluffy snow.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To reduce to fine particles; to pound, grind, or rub into a powder.
  2. (transitive) To sprinkle with powder, or as with powder. to powder the hair
    • {{rfdate}} : A circling zone thou seest / Powdered with stars.
  3. (intransitive) To be reduced to powder; to become like powder. Some salts powder easily.
  4. (intransitive) To use powder on the hair or skin. She paints and powders.
  5. (transitive) To sprinkle with salt; to corn, as meat.
Synonyms: (to reduce to fine particles) pound, grind, comminute, pulverize, triturate
powderhound etymology powder + hound
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A ski enthusiast.
    • 1992, Gulf of New Hampshire (in Backpacker, volume 20, number 119, page 84) But it's the rare chance for above-tree line skiing that draws backcountry powderhounds to the gulf again and again.
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powder hound
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (skiing, slang) A skier who favours powdery snow.
Synonyms: powder monkey
powdering tub
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic) a tub in which the meat was powdered or salted; a salting tub, pickling tub or powdering trough.
  2. (obsolete) A heated tub for the treatment of venereal disease by sweating.
  3. (obsolete, slang) the pocky Hospital at Kingsland near London.
Alternative forms: powtheringe tubb, powthering tubbe, powthering tub, powther tubb, powtering tobe, powldering tubb, powd'rn tub, powdring-tubb, powdringe tubbe, powdringe tubb, powdringe tub, powdring tubbe, powdring tubb, powd'ring tub, powdring tub, powdrin tub, powdreing tubb, powderyng tubb, powderinge tubbe, powderinge tubb, powdering tube, powdering tubbe, powdering tubb, pouthering tub, poultering tub, pouldringe tub, poulderinge tubbe, poudringe tubb, poudringe tub, poudring tubb, poodring tubb
powder monkey
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An explosive expert. A person who sets explosives.
  2. (nautical) The persons employed to carry gun powder from the ship's magazine to the gun deck during a battle; in the 18th century Royal British and U. S. Navies, this task (also carrying water) during battles became a permanent nickname for the ship's cabin boy and apprentice seamen.
  3. (skiing, snowboarding, informal) A skier or snowboarder who avidly seeks out the “powder” (light, dry, fluffy snow).
    • 2000, Charles Leocha et al., Ski America and Canada, World Leisure Corporation, ISBN 9780915009725, page 218: Snowbird has been amending its reputation as a destination primarily for the steep-and-deep skiers and powder monkeys. Off the Baby Thunder lift in 1995, the resort has a largely protected area that has gentle slopes great for less experienced skiers.
    • 2002 September 9, "denise&bryn" (username), "www Snowboard 25/12", in uk.rec.competitions, Usenet: How's about this then me little powder monkeys... A chance to WIN A SNOWBOARD OF YOUR CHOICE up to the value of £350.
    • 2003, Tam Leach et al., The Rough Guide to Skiing & Snowboarding in North America, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1-84353-079-4, page 146: On the opposite, western boundary, the blue fingers under the Timberline Express are training grounds for powder monkeys, flanked by mellow glades and blessed with small natural hits and stashes of deep snow.
    • 2006 November 19, Sean Newsom, "Europe's poshest ski chalets", in The Sunday Times: Yes, getting up the mountain is more of a hassle — powder monkeys will probably yelp in frustration because of the extra minutes involved each morning. But if you want a more laid-back holiday, … you’ll love it.
    • 2008, Charles Leocha, Charlie Leocha's Ski Snowboard Europe, 16th Edition, World Leisure Corporation, ISBN 0915009862, 978-0-915009-86-2, page 86: There are lots of fine cutovers into untouched sugar for powder monkeys (snow permitting, of course).
Synonyms: (skier preferring powdery snow) powder hound
power {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: powre (obsolete) etymology From Middle English poer, from Old French poeir, from Malayalam *potere, for Latin posse; see potent. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈpaʊə(ɹ)/, /ˈpaʊ.ə(ɹ)/
  • (GenAm) /ˈpaʊ.ɚ/, /ˈpaʊɹ/, [ˈpʰaʊ̯ɚ], [ˈpʰaʊ̯ɹ]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (social) Ability to coerce, influence or control.
    1. (countable) Ability to affect or influence.
    2. Control or coercion, particularly legal or political (jurisdiction).
      • 1949, Eric Blair, aka George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power. Not wealth or luxury or long life or happiness: only power, pure power. [...] We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means, it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power.
      • 2005, Columbia Law Review, April In the face of expanding federal power, California in particular struggled to maintain control over its Chinese population.
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    3. (metonymy) (chiefly in the plural) The people in charge of legal or political power, the government.
    4. (metonymy)An influential nation, company, or other such body.
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  2. (physical, uncountable) Effectiveness.
    1. Physical force or strength. exampleHe needed a lot of power to hit the ball out of the stadium.
    2. Electricity or a supply of electricity. exampleAfter the pylons collapsed, this town was without power for a few days.
    3. A measure of the rate of doing work or transfer energy.
    4. A rate to magnify an optical image by a lens or mirror. exampleWe need a microscope with higher power.
  3. (mathematics) Effectiveness.
    1. A product of equal factor. Notation and usage: xn, read as "x to the power of n" or "x to the nth power", denotes x × x × ... × x, in which x appears n times, where n is called the exponent; the definition is extended to non-integer and complex exponents.
    2. (set theory) Cardinality.
    3. (statistics) The probability that a statistical test will reject the null hypothesis when the alternative hypothesis is true.
  4. (biblical, in plural) In Christian angelology, an intermediate level of angel, ranked above archangel, but exact position varies by classification scheme.
  • Adjectives often used with "power": electric, nuclear, optical, mechanical, political, absolute, corporate, institutional, military, economic, solar, magic, magical, huge, physical, mental, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, sexual, seductive, coercive, erotic, natural, cultural, positive, negative, etc.
Synonyms: energy, force, main, might, muscle, potency, sinew, strength, vigor, aptitude, capability, capacity, competence, competency, authority, command, control, dominion, grip, hold, mastery, influence, pull, weight, arm, sway, clout, See also
  • impotence
  • weakness
related terms:
  • possible
  • potent
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To provide power for (a mechanical or electronic device). This CD player is powered by batteries.
  2. (transitive) To hit or kick something forcefully.
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  • {{rank}}
power bottom etymology From power + bottom. Alternative forms: powerbottom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gay sexual slang) A bottom, that is to say the receptive participant in gay sex, who takes charge of a sexual situation, playing a more dominant, aggressive and commanding role in sex.
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  • power top
power brick {{wikipedia}} etymology From the brick-like characteristics of the power supply.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a power supply for an electronic device which is similar in size, shape, and weight of a brick, which plugs into the device via a cord, and to the mains supply by another cord.
Alternative forms: powerbrick, power-brick
  • power adapter / power adaptor
  • power supply
coordinate terms:
  • wall wart
power pill etymology From a power-up in the video game that grants the player temporary invulnerability.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) A tablet of the drug ecstasy.
Synonyms: E
power top Alternative forms: powertop
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, LGBT) A very dominant top, that is sexually aggressive or long lasting in gay sex
    • 2010, Neil Plakcy, Skater Boys: Gay Erotic Stories He was one power top that who was giving my ass a complete and thorough pummeling
  2. An electrically operated roof on a convertible vehicle
  • power bottom
powwow Alternative forms: pau wau, almost all capitalization, punctuation, and spacing variants are attested, such as pow wow, Pow-Wow, etc. etymology From an alg language, probably wam pauwau or xnt powwáw, from Proto-Algonquian *pawe·wa.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A ritual conducted by a Native American shaman.
  2. A Native American shaman.
  3. A Native American council or meeting.
  4. (informal) A short, private conference.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 12 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “While the powwow was going on the big woman came back again. She was consider'ble rumpled and scratched up, but there was fire in her eye.”
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, of Native Americans) To hold a meeting; to gather together in council.
    • 2005, Glen Tucker, Tecumseh: A Vision of Glory, page 224: [The] Indians saw everything that happened and powwowed all night, needing more than anything else the presence of Tecumseh. The most aggressive element was the Winnebagos, who insisted on attacking.
  2. (intransitive, of Native Americans and by extension other groups, such as the Pennsylvania Dutch) To conduct a ritual in which magic is used.
    • 2007, David W. Kriebel, Powwowing Among the Pennsylvania Dutch, page 10: Maybe no one— except possibly Leah— powwowed anymore.
  3. (informal, intransitive) To hold a private conference.
pozzie etymology Diminutive of positive with -ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, LGBT) An HIV positive person.
    • 2004, The Advocate (9 November 2004, page 80) In fact, any sexual encounter with a pozzie always contains some risk of transmission — however small.
pozzy pronunciation
  • /ˈpɒzi/, pŏzi
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Unclear, perhaps from a southern African language; from late 19thC, revived during World War I.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, military slang) Jam (fruit conserve made from fruit boiled with sugar).
    • 1929, Frederic Manning, The Middle Parts of Fortune, Vintage 2014, p. 136: ‘Could you pinch a tin of pozzy out of stores?’
    • 1929, , , 1995, page 170: The Turco used to say: ‘Tommy, give Johnny pozzy,’ and a tin of plum and apple jam used to be given him.
etymology 2 From position + y, with spelling shift; variant of possie. Alternative forms: possie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, military slang, Digger slang) A firing position.
    • 1916, various ANZAC soldiers, The Anzac Book, [http//|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22pozzy%22|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z-7mT-KOA6atiQebt_BZ&redir_esc=y page 10], …and Jerry O′Dwyer had shot two crows from the new sniper′s pozzy down at the creek-—and so on.
    • 1942, Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Volume III: The Australian Imperial Force in France, 1916, 13th(?) Edition, [http//|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22pozzy%22|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z-7mT-KOA6atiQebt_BZ&redir_esc=y page 340], Brown himself, unaware even that there was an officer among his captives, picked up his rifle, went back to his “pozzy,” and dismissed the incident from his mind…
    • 1975, William D. Joynt, Saving the Channel Ports, 1918, [http//|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22pozzy%22|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z-7mT-KOA6atiQebt_BZ&redir_esc=y page 84], They had also wonderful confidence in their leaders — they knew the best pozzy would be taken up.
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, colloquial) A position or place, especially one that is advantageous.
    • 1971, , Cold Stone Jug, [http//|%22pozzies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22pozzy%22|%22pozzies%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LOLmT_71EcrWmAWRvOX7Cg&redir_esc=y page 36], So I says to him, no, I can′t go back to the pozzy I′m sharing with Snowy Fisher and the late Pap.
    • 2006, Pip Wilson, Faces in the Street: Louisa and Henry Lawson and the Castlereagh Street Push, [http//|%22pozzies%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z-7mT-KOA6atiQebt_BZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22pozzy%22|%22pozzies%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 62], Stretching his legs has been good for him, and this Pitt-street pozzy near the GPO is a splendid spot for a sandwich and a good book.
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (informal) People
    • 1985: Steve Wall, "internet mailing summary" (25-Nov-85 13:43:12 EST) on net.general, Here's my promised posting of internetwork mailing.. There was a HUGE amount of mail in response to the original posting.. ppl are really interested in this... It took me 3 days to sort out all the mail... 8-)
  2. (linguistics) Participle.
  3. Parts per litre.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (rare, pedantic or humorous) alternative spelling of pretentious
    • 1996 January 6, “Dan Mazer”, bit.listserv.bgrass-l (Google group): Poaverty: Poa Secunda and John Secada don’t play bluegrass; and I’m not prætentious enough to pretend I can identify Kentucky Bluegrass, although there was a band by that name (Poa Prætensis) in the mid-‛70s.
    • 1999 August 19, “Dave Van Domelen”, rec.arts.comics.marvel.universe (Google group): RANT: Dave’s Marvel Rant: Cap, TBolts, Panther: Guess I was just being prætentious in my spelling. }->
    • 2005 February 15, “Arval”, (Google group): Terminology: Mediaeval or Medieval?: It’s praetentious.
prairie dog pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 prairie + dog (from their yelping alarm calls)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of genus {{taxlink}}, small, stout-bodied burrow rodents with shallow cheek pouches, native to North America and Central America.
  • (Cynomys) Gunnison's prairie dog ({{taxlink}}), {{vern}} ({{taxlink}}), {{vern}}, ({{taxlink}}), {{vern}}, ({{taxlink}}), {{vern}}, ({{taxlink}})
etymology 2 By analogy with how the animal pops its head up from its burrow. Alternative forms: prairie-dog
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, transitive) To pop up from a hole or similar in a manner that resembles the way a prairie dog pops his head up from his burrow. Veronica in accounting is always prairie dogging from her desk whenever that new hunk from marketing walks by.
  2. (slang, euphemistic) To struggle to hold back an involuntary bowel movement.
    • 2001, Andy Breckman, Rat Race [Kimberly needs to go to the bathroom] Dad, I'm prairie dogging it! What the hell does that mean? You know, like when a prairie dog sticks his head in and out of the ground.
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    • 2011, Various, David Mack, James Robinson, Ty Templeton, Alan Moore, Jeph Loeb, Kurt Busiek, Vampirella Masters Series 4: The Lost Tales ...They are gonna get a mouthful and a pantful. Crappin their shorts all the way into next week... Yeah those little bastards will be prairie dogging it all the way home! Oh fuck, I'm gonna shit my pants, man — pull over! I am prairie dogging!
prairie nigger etymology From prairie, the chief habitat of Native American peoples of the Great Plains, and nigger.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (ethnic slur, derogatory, slang) A Native American person, especially one of Great Plains descent.
    • 1994, Louise Erdrich, The Bingo Palace, HarperCollinsPublishers (1994), ISBN 0-06-0170808, page 71: As I turn away with my purchase, I hear him mutter something and I stop. I thought I heard it, but I wasn't sure I heard it. Prairie nigger.
    • 2004, Johnny D. Boggs, Spark on the Prairie, Thorndike Press (2004), ISBN 9780786271092, page 293: "I know he's a damned Kiowa, mister, and that's all I have to know about that prairie nigger."
    • 2011, James Robb, Corona Rapture, iUniverse (2011), ISBN 9781450293037, page 53: {{…}} I don't have to listen to some prairie nigger whine about ethics. Go drink it out on a reservation," Amanda said, breaking for the stairs. "I'm Sicilian," Luca corrected. "I don't care what tribe you're from!" {{…}}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: (ethnic slur for Native American person) redskin
pram face Alternative forms: pram-face, pramface etymology pram + face, coined by the gossip website .2010, January 14. Walker, Tim, "[ Hot gossip: Ten years of Popbitch]", ''The Independent''.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang, offensive) A poor teenage mother, or someone perceived as looking like one.
prance {{rfimage}} etymology From Middle English prancen, prauncen, variant of Middle English pranken. Cognate with Bavarian prangezen, prangssen, Swiss German pranzen. More at prank. pronunciation
  • (US) /pɹæn(t)s/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
  • (RP) /pɹɑːn(t)s/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncommon) The act of prancing.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (of a horse) To spring forward on the hind leg.
  2. (colloquial, figuratively) To strut about.
prang {{wikipedia}} etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /pɹæŋ/
  • (also) (US) {{enPR}}, /pɹeɪŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, military slang) A bombing raid.
  2. (slang, dated) An aeroplane crash.
    • 2011, Bill Marsh, Great South Australia Stories, HarperCollins Publishers, Australia, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VxzoT8LVF6SPiAfQ-tBa&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], I remember when a call came through that a crop sprayer had had a plane prang down at Naracoorte, in the south-east of South Australia.
  3. (chiefly, Australia and New Zealand, UK, informal) An accident involving a motor vehicle, typically minor and without casualties.
    • 1984, Ian Manning, Beyond walking distance: The Gains from Speed in Australian Urban Travel, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NiboT8K-OIaciAeetYFZ&redir_esc=y page 105], The typical prang cost a few hundred dollars in panelbeating charges.
    • 1999, Lydia Laube, Bound for Vietnam, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VxzoT8LVF6SPiAfQ-tBa&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 209], If people drove like that in Australia there would be constant prangs.
    • 2009, Bridget Griffen-Foley, Changing Stations: The Story of Australian Commercial Radio, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VxzoT8LVF6SPiAfQ-tBa&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 90], The drive host, Mark Day, recalls the sinking feeling as he covered an accident on the Tullamarine expressway and wondered what commuters in Sydney would think about hearing all the details of the prang.
  4. (US, slang) Crack cocaine.
  5. (architecture) A type of tower or spire featured in some Buddhist temple of Thailand and Cambodia.
    • 1995, Joshua Eliot, Thailand and Burma Handbook 1996, [http//|%22prangs%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zxHoT4G-KsXZigeMysVZ&redir_esc=y page 216], The prang is surrounded by walls, which are in turn surrounded by smaller prangs and chedis, some of which are rather precariously supported.
    • 2001, Paul Gray, Lucy Ridout, The Rough Guide to Bangkok, [http//|%22prangs%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zxHoT4G-KsXZigeMysVZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 119], The second platform surrounds the base of the prang proper, whose closed entranceways are guarded by four statues of the Hindu god Indra on his three-headed elephant Erawan.
Synonyms: (minor accident involving a motor vehicle): bingle (Australia), collision, crash, fender-bender (US)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, dated) To crash an aeroplane.
    • 1946, , Song of India, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NiboT8K-OIaciAeetYFZ&redir_esc=y page 332], “We have to wear good socks and boots,” said one pilot with a grin, “—as we often prang in the jungle, and have to walk home.”
  2. (intransitive, chiefly, Australia and New Zealand, UK, informal) To crash; to have an accident while controlling a vehicle.
    • 2004, John Pym (editor), Time Out Film Guide, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ojDoT_2GJoqciAf_3qFZ&redir_esc=y page 70], Soon after rescuing some silly children from the local caves, the alien prangs his vessel and dies.
  3. (transitive, chiefly, Australia and New Zealand, UK, informal) To damage (the vehicle one is driving) in an accident; to have a minor collision with (another motor vehicle).
    • 1958, Nation, Issues 1-33, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22prang%22|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kT3oT7X7A-fYigfE_rRa&redir_esc=y page 56], “Didn′t bump nobody,” I sneer. “That′s because you were careful,” says the wife. “Your forecast doesn′t say you will prang. It merely says ‘exercise care today,’ which you did.”
    • 2005, Thomas Marshall, Our Summer in Australia And New Zealand, [http//|%22prangs%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VxzoT8LVF6SPiAfQ-tBa&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false page 93], On Friday, I picked up our camper van, upgraded to a four sleeper so Elysee and I could each find a neutral corner, which I managed to “prang,” navigating the parking lot, within one hour of signing away my house as security.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of prang
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) paranoid
prank etymology From Middle English pranken, probably from Middle Dutch pronken, proncken. Cognate with gml prunken, German prunken, Danish prunke. Connected also with German prangen, Dutch prangen, Danish pragt, all from Proto-Germanic *pranganą, *prangijaną, *prag-, from Proto-Indo-European *brAngh-. Sense of "mischievous act" from earlier verbal sense of "to be crafty or subtle, set in order, adjust". See also prink, prance. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /pɹæŋk/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /pɹeɪŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) An evil deed; a malicious trick, an act of cruel deception.
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, II.4.2.ii: Hercules, after all his mad pranks upon his wife and children, was perfectly cured by a purge of hellebor, which an Antieyrian administered unto him.
  2. A practical joke or mischievous trick.
    • Shakespeare His pranks have been too broad to bear with.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh The harpies … played their accustomed pranks.
    Pranks may be funny, but remember that some people are aggressive. He pulled a gruesome prank on his sister.
Synonyms: See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To adorn in a showy manner; to dress or equip ostentatiously.
    • Spenser In sumptuous tire she joyed herself to prank.
    • 1748, , , B:II And there a Seaſon atween June and May, Half prankt with Spring, with Summer half imbrown'd, A liſtleſs Climate made, where, Sooth to ſay, No living Wight could work, ne cared even for Play.
    • 1880 , For Spring, by Sandro Botticelli, lines 2–3 Flora, wanton-eyed For birth, and with all flowrets prankt and pied:
  2. (intransitive) To make ostentatious show.
    • M. Arnold White houses prank where once were huts.
  3. (transitive) To perform a practical joke on; to trick.
    • {{quote-news}}
  4. (transitive, slang) To call someone's phone and promptly hang up Hey man, prank me when you wanna get picked up. I don't have your number in my phone, can you prank me?
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Full of gambol or trick.
{{Webster 1913}}
pranny etymology Origin uncertain, perhaps compare prat, fanny. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈpɹani/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang, dated) The female genitals.
    • 1985, Paul Quarrington, The life of Hope And stop staring at my daughter, man! She's got nothing but bubs and a pranny like any other gal!
  2. (UK, slang) A fool; an idiot.
praps Alternative forms: p'raps etymology eye dialect of perhaps
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) contraction of perhaps
    • 1911, Pearson's magazine I tried to see if I could tell by his looks which way he had decided but I couldn't, and I thought praps it would be a good time to ask him and find out.
prat Alternative forms: pratt pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹat/ {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English prat, from Old English præt, prætt, from Proto-Germanic *prattuz, from Proto-Indo-European *brodno-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian prat, Dutch pret, obsolete Dutch prat, Low German prot, Norwegian prette, Icelandic prettur. Related to pretty.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now Scotland) A cunning or mischievous trick; a prank, a joke. {{defdate}}
related terms:
  • pretty
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Cunning, astute. {{defdate}}
etymology 2 Origin unknown. Perhaps a specialised note of Etymology 1 (see above).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A buttock, or the buttocks; a person's bottom. {{defdate}}
    • Thomas Dekker, 1608 , The Canters Dictionarie in The Belman of London (second part Lanthorne and Candlelight) Pratt, a Buttock.
    • 1982, TC Boyle, Water Music, Penguin 2006, p. 5: Mungo didn't like their attitude. Nor did he like exposing his prat in mixed company.
  2. (UK, slang) A fool. {{defdate}}
  3. (slang) The female genitals.
    • 1967 (sourced to 1942), William A. Schwartz, The Limerick: 1700 Examples with Notes, Variants and Examples Vol 1, Greenleaf Classics 1967, p. 124: "She's a far better pieceThan the Viceroy's niece,Who has also more fur on her prat."
    • 1984 John Murray, ed, Panurge, Vol 1–3, p. 39: "...they would kidnap a girl and take her back to their camp where they would pull down her knickers, hoping to find hairs on her prat."
    • 2005 Sherrie Seibert Goff, The Arms of Quirinus, iUniverse 2005, p. 135: "My prat was sore from the unfamiliar activities of the night before, but my virgin bleeding had ceased, and we rode most of the day in that unworldly haze that comes with lack of sleep."
Synonyms: See also , See also
  • part
  • rapt
  • tarp
  • trap
prat digger etymology Late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A pickpocket.
  2. (slang) a petty criminal
  3. (slang) Someone who brings unpopular members of a social group to a social gathering, or seems to always have a rather obnoxious partner.
Originally used to mean people who steal from the hip pocket. In the early twenty first century the term was once again picked up by people on the streets of Britain to mean any sort of petty criminal.
prate pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English praten; related to Dutch praten, Low German praten, Danish prate, Swedish prata, Faroese práta, Icelandic prata; all ultimately from Proto-Germanic *prattuz, from Proto-Indo-European *brodno-. Cognate with Polish bredzić, Latvian bradāt.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Talk to little purpose; trifling talk; unmeaning loquacity.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To talk much and to little purpose; to chatter; to be loquacious; to speak foolishly; to babble.
    • Dryden What nonsense would the fool, thy master, prate, / When thou, his knave, canst talk at such a rate!
Synonyms: ( speak (about unimportant matters) ) blabber, chatter, clack, gabble, gibber, maunder, palaver, piffle, prattle, twaddle
  • apert, apter, pater, petra, Petra, preta, repat, taper, trape
prattish etymology prat + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, informal) Like a prat; foolish.
prattler etymology From prate; prattle + -er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who prattle or is inclined to do so. The patrolman had the misfortune to be assigned a beat that ran past the house of Ms. McDougall, a notorious prattler and neighborhood gossip.
prawn {{wikipedia}} etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation
  • /pɹɔːn/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large shrimp, mostly in order Dendrobranchiata.
  2. (slang) A woman with a very toned body, but an unattractive face. She's a prawn!
Synonyms: (woman) butterface
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To fish for prawns.
pray to the porcelain god
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To vomit into a toilet.
Synonyms: See also
etymology 1 From Latin prae, see pre-
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. Before (something significant).
  • {{seeCites}}
etymology 2 Abbreviated from precum.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Precum, Cowper's fluid, pre-ejaculate.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To precum, to pre-ejaculate.
  • ERP, PER, per, Rep, rep, RPE
preachman etymology preach + man
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete, derogatory) A preacher. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (buzzword, slang) A preemptive rebuttal.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) precalculus
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) precalculated
Precambrian etymology pre + Cambrian
adjective: {{wikipedia}} {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, geology) Relating to the time and geology dated before the Phanerozoic
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (geology) The eon (or supereon) and rock formations dated before 541.0±1.0 million years ago, coinciding with the first appearance of the fossils of hard-shelled animals.
  • The International Commission on Stratigraphy, which attempts to standardize the vocabulary of the field, is revising the boundaries between time periods based on physical-science methods rather than the kinds of fossils present.
  • The boundary between the Precambrian and the Phanerozoic has been changed from time to time and will be subject to change, as will the eons listed as Hyponyms below.
Synonyms: (geological eon) Cryptozoic (archaic)
coordinate terms:
  • (geological eon) Phanerozoic
  • (geological eon) Hadean, Archaean, Proterozoic - eons
precious Alternative forms: pretious (obsolete) etymology From Middle English precious, from Old French precios, from Latin pretiosus, from pretium; see price. pronunciation
  • /ˈprɛʃəs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of high value or worth, or seemingly regarded as such.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThe crown had many precious gemstones.   This building work needs site access, and tell the city council that I don't care about a few lorry tyre ruts across their precious grass verge.
  2. Regarded with love or tenderness. exampleMy precious daughter is to marry.
  3. (pejorative) Treated with too much reverence. exampleHe spent hours painting the eyes of the portrait, which his fellow artists regarded as a bit precious.
  4. (pejorative) Contrived to be cute or charming.
    • {{quote-news}}
Synonyms: (of high value) dear, valuable, (contrived to charm) saccharine, syrupy, twee
related terms:
  • appraise
  • appreciate
  • depreciate
  • praise
  • precious few
  • precious little
  • price
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone (or something) who is loved; a darling.
    • J. R. R. Tolkien, The Hobbit “It isn't fair, my precious, is it, to ask us what it's got in its nassty little pocketses?”
    • 1909, Mrs. Teignmouth Shore, The Pride of the Graftons (page 57) She sat down with the dogs in her lap. "I won't neglect you for any one, will I, my preciouses?"
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Used as an intensifier. There is precious little we can do.
precovery etymology From pre- + recovery.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (astronomy) The use of previously gathered data (especially photographic images) to recover a recently discovered object (typically a small solar system body).
    • If you look for your new object after discovery, it's called "recovery". [...] if you find your new object in some old data that someone took before you discovered your object, it's called a "precovery".
    • Quaoar [...] is a Trans-Neptunian object orbiting the Sun in the Kuiper belt. It was discovered on June 4, 2002 by astronomers Chad Trujillo and Michael Brown at the California Institute of Technology [...] The earliest precovery turned out to be a May 25, 1954 plate from Palomar Observatory.
  2. (slang) The act of resting before a long night, weekend or season of binge drinking.
precum Alternative forms: precome, pre-cum etymology pre + cum
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Cowper's fluid, pre-ejaculate
    • 1996, Carol Queen, Lawrence Schimel, Switch Hitters: Lesbians Write Gay Male Erotica and Gay Men Write Lesbian Erotica, Cleis Press, Page 186 The shaft was fat, long and already half-hard. Ulrich didn't mean to pry, but he understood (as precum slicked his palm) that this was a man who liked to play for hours before he came.
    • 2000, Perry Brass, Angel Lust: An Erotic Novel of Time Travel, Belhue Press, Page 57 Bert made precum like some kind of instant coffee; it was always available.
    • 2002, William Marsliglio and Sally Hutchinson, Sex, Men, and Babies: Stories of Awareness and Responsibility, NYU Press, Pages 80-81 "[M]y penis was inserted into her vagina without a condom for a short period of time and I never knew if any precum got into her or not, but this is now six months later and her stomach does not look big at all. [...]"
    • 2005, Russell Kick (ed.), Everything You Know About Sex Is Wrong: The Disinformation Guide To The Extremes of Human Sexuality (and everything in between), The Disinformation Company Page 295 "Looking down at Patrick, at his big, lean body, his hard cock leaking precum on his belly, making him moan with stroke after stroke, then leaning over to kiss him while my condomized cock slides in and out of his yielding hole—it was all more than pornographic. Page 322 Now that sodomy is legal, the part of my sex life that I refer to as "foreplay" is no longer a criminal act. Until the handcuffs come out. Then it might be assault, even if the person in the handcuffs is dribbling quarter-cups of precum and consent.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To release Cowper's fluid, pre-ejaculate
pre-cum Alternative forms: precum
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) pre-ejaculate, Cowper's fluid
    • 2002, Jesse Grant & Austin Foxxe (eds.), Friction 5: Best Gay Erotic Fiction, Alyson Publishing “Glad ya could make it, son,” he drawled in a thick Texas accent. I noticed his cock jerk up. A think strand of pre-cum oozed from his piss slit. It trickled down over his vein-etched cock. Wildfire licked his lips.
    • 2004, Justus Roux (ed.), Erotic Fantasy: Tales of the paranormal, Erotictales Publications, Page 220 He unfolded his hands and resumed masturbating, paying homage to her beauty and destructive powers. The stream of pre-cum, lubricated his shaft, made the gliding of his hardness slick and easy.
    • 2006,' K. Sean Harris, Erotic Jamaican Tales, Book Fetish Page 2 She squatted instead of keeling, her plump vulva gaping obscenely above the floor. She ran her hand along its length, thinking excitedly that it had to be at least a foot long. The top was slick with pre-cum. Conrad moaned when her hot mouth enveloped the head of his dick. Page 43 She ran her lips along the side of his shaft, squeezing the head and licked away the bit of pre-cum that had oozed out; sticking her tounge in the slit. Duane crawled futher up the bed, begging her to stop.
pred etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, among vorarephiles) A predator.
    • 2001, "Xip", FUR:Shasta! (on newsgroup fur.artwork.erotica) Non-consentual{{SIC}} is the easy one, eating somebody whether they like it or not, killing them is not necessarily a requirement, and in fact their squirming on the way down may be pleasure to the pred.
pre-distressed Alternative forms: predistressed
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (figuratively, colloquial) already distressed before purchase, artificially made to look worn and old (usually applied to clothes or furniture)
    • 2004: a new pre-distressed J.Crew cap — The New Yorker, 30 August 2004, p.38
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) the act of drinking cheaper take-away alcohol prior to drinking in more expensive clubs and bars.
predrinks etymology From pre + drinks, generalised from, for example, predinner drinks.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (colloquial, informal) Alcoholic drinks consumed before a party, pub crawl or other social event.
    • 1998, George Eells, Robert Mitchum: A Biography Neither Bob nor Dorothy showed up for predrinks at the producer′s home.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
pre-ejaculate {{wikipedia}} etymology From pre + ejaculate.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The clear, colorless, viscous fluid that is secrete from an arouse penis before ejaculation.
Synonyms: Cowper’s fluid, (slang) precum, pre-cum
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) premiere of a film
preemie Alternative forms: premie etymology From premature
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A baby that has been born prematurely.
    • 2003, David Bjerklie, "A Campaign For Preemies," Time, 10 Feb., Prematurity is the leading cause of neonatal death, and preemies who survive are at risk for lifelong health problems.
preferans {{wikipedia}} etymology From Russian преферанс 〈preferans〉, in turn from French préférence
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A card game, related to bridge, Boston, and whist.
prefuck etymology pre + fuck
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (vulgar, rare) occurring before a fuck; pre-coital
    • 1997, Todd Grimson, Brand New Cherry Flavor There was a prefuck aura in the room, a sweet taste in their mouths, melting saliva, and hidden places and caves.
    • 2008, Joely Skye, Marked (page 7) This was not the smoothest prefuck dance he'd been part of.
preg etymology From pregnant/pregnancy by shortening.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Pregnant.
    • 1977, Erich Segal, Oliver's Story, HarperTorch (2002), ISBN 0380018446, page 318: The Simpsons have a little son and Gwen is preg with number two.
    • 1989, Carole L. Glickfeld, "What My Mother Knows", in Useful Gifts, University of Georgia Press (1989), ISBN 9780820310411, page 4: My ma's the one who told us Frankie Frangione's mother was preg again.
    • 1994, Catherine Clifton Clark, The Saturday Treat, Magna Large Print Books (1994), ISBN 9780750506496, page 225: 'Am I? Well, I'll let you in to a secret. I'm pretty sure I'm preg."
Synonyms: See also .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Pregnancy.
    • 2008, Nancy J. Howe, Dear Owie, Vantage Press (2008), ISBN 9780533158249, page 29: Pat told me once at their house that I should not play badminton because I might fall. She, who rode horses every day of her pregs!
    • 2008, Jonathan Kellerman, Compulsion, Ballantine (2008), ISBN 9780345465276, page 308: She'd lost all her preg weight, but twenty-five months later was still a little poochy in front, favored baggy sweatshirts.
    • 2010, Linda Russell, "Notes from the new-mother zone", The Globe and Mail, 8 June 2010: There was nothing even approaching the near-great, so (and I can't believe I ever had this much free time in my former life) I actually designed and sewed all my preg stuff myself.
  • grep
pregame Alternative forms: pre-game
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A social gathering of several friends who get together to drink before going out to a party or a sports game. The goal of pre-gaming is to "get a buzz" before going out for the night.
  2. A television show preceding a sports game wherein commentator discuss that game.
    • 2006, Greg Giesen, Ask Dr. Mac: Take the Journey to Authentic Leadership, page 43: "Hey sport, do you want to watch the pregame?" asked Justin.
    • 2007, Theo Gangi, BANg BAnG, page 26: Izzy had gone to the bar to catch the pregame.
    • 2012, Tony DiPardo, Tony Dipardo: Life, Love, Music and Football: At the first Super Bowl, the pregame featured the marching bands from the University of Arizona and Grambling University.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to events that take place before, or in preparation for, a sporting event.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To consume alcohol prior to an event.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) The act of consuming alcoholic beverage before attending an event or function.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Pregnant.
    • 2007 July 14, Kyrie O'Connor, “Bluff the Listener”, Wait, Wait... Don't Tell Me, National Public Radio: Michael's troubles may be over soon, except that Christal claims to be preggers with triplets.
Synonyms: See
preggo etymology From pregnant + o.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, colloquial) Pregnant.
    • 1967, Harry Roskolenko, The Terrorized, , [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=zGPpT8S7AsqKmQWZg7WQDg&redir_esc=y page 57], “…how interesting is it to read that one out of every four Australian girls is slightly preggo before her wedding night? More American influences no doubt.”
    • 1998, , Everyday, Average Jones, Silhouette Intimate Moments, US, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y page 67], “Actually, being careless got me... preggo. And to tell you the truth,″ Melody said seriously, “not using a condom could' ve gotten me far more than just pregnant.…”
    • 2010, Dana Wood, Momover: The New Mom's Guide to Getting It Back Together, Adams Media, US, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 5], And if you were a little panicky while preggo, I urge you to cut yourself some slack, too.
    • 2010, Hilary Smith, Welcome to the Jungle: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Bipolar But Were Too Freaked Out to Ask, Red Wheel/Weiser LLC, US, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 193], You automatically qualify for Medicaid if you′re preggo and poor. Just saying.
    • 2011, Bruna Nessif, "Bryce Dallas Howard Opens Up About Her 'Postpartum Denial'", E Online, 1 August 2011: Radiating in a preggo glow, Howard tells us, "I feel privileged to be pregnant, and I'm gonna be honest, I'm a little nauseous."
    • For more usage examples of this term, see the .
Synonyms: See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, sometimes offensive) A pregnant person.
    • 1975 October 27, Larry Rhine & Mel Tolkin, "Mike Faces Life", episode 6-7 of , 00:20:32-00:20:44: Michael Stivic: Come on, Gloria. No one, no one, is going to deny you your constitutional rights.Gloria Stivic: Power to the preggos!
    • 2007, Philip Lerman, Dadditude: How a Real Man Became a Real Dad, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 56], So we had a nice rainbow coalition of preggos and their mates — even one lesbian couple.
    • 2009, Joel Grus, Your Religion Is False, Brightwalton LLC, US, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 105], Accordingly, they tend to send their gay children off to “conversion therapy” (involving techniques ranging from clitoridectomy to shame) and their pregnant children off to single-sex maternity homes (which are full of all sorts of oddly-titillating preggo-on-preggo action, according to the videos on a website I accidentally stumbled across several times).
    • 2009, Rebeca Seitz, Scrapping Plans, B&H Publishing, US, [http//|%22preggos%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n3LoT6PtBMWjiAehv4VZ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22preggo%22|%22preggos%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 306], “You bet!” Clay trots back into the diner, reappearing a moment later with a chair. “Here ya go, preggo.”
    • For more usage examples of this term, see the .
preggy etymology pregnant + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) pregnant (carrying a baby)
pregnant Alternative forms: prægnant (archaic), pregnaunt (obsolete) etymology From Middle English preignant, from Old French preignant, pregnant, also prenant (compare archaic Modern French prégnant), partly from Old French preindre, priembre, from Latin premere, and partly from Classical Latin praegnans, variant of praegnas, probably from prae- + gnascī. pronunciation
  • /ˈpɹɛɡnənt/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) Carrying developing offspring within the body. I went to the doctor and, guess what, I'm pregnant!
  2. (comparable) Having numerous possibilities or implication; full of promise; abounding in ability, resources, etc. a pregnant pause
    • Shakespeare wherein the pregnant enemy does much
  3. (now poetic) Fertile, prolific (usually of soil, ground etc.).
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, The sunne-beames bright vpon her body playd, / Being through former bathing mollifide, / And pierst into her wombe, where they embayd / With so sweet sence and secret power vnspide, / That in her pregnant flesh they shortly fructifide.
  4. (obsolete) Affording entrance; receptive; yielding; willing; open; prompt.
    • Shakespeare Pregnant to good pity.
Synonyms: (carrying offspring (standard)) expecting, expecting a baby, expectant, gravid (of animals only), with child, fertilized, (carrying offspring (colloquial/slang)) eating for two, having a bun in the oven, in a family way, knocked up, preggers, up the duff, up the spout, (carrying offspring (euphemistic)) in an interesting condition, in a family way, (having many possibilities or implications) meaningful, significant, See also
  • (carrying developing offspring) in trouble
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A pregnant woman. {{rfquotek}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Pregnant.
    • 1997, Jennifer Greene, Nobody's Princess, Harlequin (1997), ISBN 9781459271753, unnumbered page: {{…}} I didn't know she could get pregs while she was still nursing, and then it was too late. {{…}}
    • 2009, Alex Keegan, Ballistics, Salt (2009), ISBN 9781844714773, page 37: I know that she got pregs one time and had it got rid of.
    • 2011, Jennifer Echols, Love Story, Gallery Books (2011), ISBN 9781439178324, page 162: {{…}} Maybe she would have made it if she hadn't gotten pregs when she was twenty."
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: See also .
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of preg
  • greps
prehab etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) prehabilitation
prelatical etymology From prelate + ical. pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹɪˈlatɪk(ə)l/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to a prelate; prelatial.
  2. (chiefly derogatory) Adhering to prelate; episcopal.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica: And though I knew that England then was groaning loudest under the Prelaticall yoak, neverthelesse I took it as a pledge of future happines, that other Nations were so perswaded of her liberty.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. preliminary
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Something preliminary, such as a trial, report, race, etc.
  • limper
preload {{wikipedia}} etymology pre + load.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To load in advance (used especially in reference to software installed on a computer prior to sale). My computer came preloaded with wordprocessor software.
  2. (intransitive, British, slang) To drink cheap alcohol at home before going out socially. That nightclub is so expensive. Let's preload at your flat.
Synonyms: (to load in advance) foreload
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The end diastolic pressure that stretch the right or left ventricle of the heart to its greatest geometric dimension under variable physiologic demand.
related terms:
  • afterload
  • foreload
  • leopard, paroled
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal, football) The Premier League.
    • 1997, Peterjon Cresswell, Simon Evans, Dan Goldstein, European football: a fans' handbook Palace are back in the Prem - but for how long?
premature {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: præmature (archaic) etymology From Latin praematurus, equivalent to pre + mature. Attested circa 1520. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˌpɹɛ.məˈtjʊə/, /ˈpɹɛ.mə.tjə/
  • (US) /ˌpɹi.məˈtʊɹ/, /ˌpɹi.məˈtʃʊɹ/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Occurring before a state of readiness or maturity has arrived. a premature birth
  2. Taking place earlier than anticipated, prepared for, or desired.
  3. (informal) Suffering from premature ejaculation.
premature antifascist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, often, pejorative) One who opposed fascism at a time when the United States government was still on relatively friendly terms with fascist Italy and (to a lesser extent) Nazi Germany, especially a supporter of the in the .
premier {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /pɹɛmɪə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle French premier (as an adjective), from Latin primarius.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Foremost; first or highest in quality or degree.
    • 2004, Philip Moore, Scouting an Anthropology of Sport, Anthropologica, Volume 46, Number 1, Canadian Anthropology Society, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZALrT_TIFqXBiQfJoZ3TBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 40], This failure, for a team associated with one of the premier Australian Rules Football teams with the longest of traditions, is truly enormous.
    • 2011, Kate Askew, Dot. Bomb Australia, Read How You Want, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZALrT_TIFqXBiQfJoZ3TBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 70], If they′d followed the advice they had received more carefully, they would have paired up with John Fairfax Holdings, later Fairfax Media, Australia′s premier independent media company.
    • 2011, Pippa de Bruyn, Keith Bain, Frommer′s South Africa, 7th Edition, [http//|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qxPrT_rYE8KeiQeJkMXDBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], South Africa′s golfing greats battle it out on one of the country′s premier courses.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (politics, UK, Westminster system) The leader of the government in parliament and leader of the cabinet.
    1. (politics, UK parliament) The prime minister.
      • 1871 July 29, “Our Tyrant”, , Volume 303, Issues 9308-9315, [http//|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hL_qT5muKKXYmAXQ2cHnAg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 910], Mr. Gladstone had literally no option. Not to coerce the Lords was to coerce the Commons to continue purchase in spite of their repeated votes for its abolition, and this the Premier had as little the power as the will to do.
    2. (politics, Australia, Canada, South Africa) The government leader in parliament and leader of cabinet in a state or provincial parliamentary system.
      • 1974, Irving M. Abella, On Strike; Six Key Labour Struggles in Canada, 1919-1949, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+OR+canada+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g-DqT8rDGe-OiAeK07DsBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20OR%20canada%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 96], More surprising than the company′s activities and interests were those of the premier of Ontario, Mitchell Hepburn.
      • 1986, R. Kenneth Carty, National Politics and Community in Canada, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+OR+canada+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g-DqT8rDGe-OiAeK07DsBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20OR%20canada%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 116], The major concern of most of the premiers who attended the 1887 conference was, as Macdonald well understood, to put pressure upoon Ottawa to amend the B.N.A. Act to increase the subsidies paid to the provinces by tying them to current population levels rather than those of 1860.
      • 2007, Patrick Moray Weller, Cabinet Government in Australia, 1901-2006: Practice, Principles, Performance, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+OR+canada+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g-DqT8rDGe-OiAeK07DsBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20OR%20canada%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 1], John Forrest had dominated the fledgling state of Western Australia, serving as premier for the previous decade.
      • 2009, Andrew Stewart, John Spoehr (editor), Chapter 16: Industrial Relations, State of South Australia: From Crisis to Prosperity?, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+OR+canada+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=s_rqT-zMKOSSiQfG7JDjBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20OR%20canada%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 302], In 1890 it was South Australian Premier Charles Cameron Kingston who first proposed a system of compulsory conciliation and arbitration to deal with industrial unrest.
      • 2011, Jennifer Curtin, Marian Sawer, 4: Oceania, Gretchen Bauer, Manon Tremblay (editors), Women in Executive Power: A Global Overview, [http//|%22premiers%22+australia+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZALrT_TIFqXBiQfJoZ3TBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 56], In 2009 Kristina Keneally became Labor premier in NSW in similar circumstances to her predecessors in Western Australia and Victoria - a Labor government that was in deep trouble because of mismanagement and corruption scandals.
  2. (politics, non-Westminster) The government leader in a legislative congress or leader of a government-level administrative body; the head of government.
    • 1983, Guo Zhou, China & the World, Volume 4, Beijing Review, [http//|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hL_qT5muKKXYmAXQ2cHnAg&redir_esc=y page 13], This shows that our policy of strengthening friendly ties with Africa as developed by Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai is a correct one and that it has won popular support in Africa.
    • 1998, , Volume 16, [http//|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gtDqT9vnEKaUiQf33pyxBQ&redir_esc=y page 61], Actual decision-making power in China resides in the state′s executive organs and in the CCP. At the national level the top government executive organ is the State Council, which is led by the premier.
    • 2008, Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley, Barbara A. Bardes, American Government & Politics Today, [http//|%22premiers%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hL_qT5muKKXYmAXQ2cHnAg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premier%22|%22premiers%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 470], So, in the case of Russia and some other states, the head of state is the president (who is elected) and who then can name the premier and the cabinet ministers. The intent of this system is for the president to be popularly elected and to exercise political leadership, while the premier runs the everyday operations of government and leads the legislative power.
  3. (nautical, slang) The first lieutenant or other second-in-command officer of a ship.
Often capitalised, especially when used as a title. In British English, prime minister and premier are interchangeable, while in Australia and Canada, the federal leader is the prime minister and the state/provincial leaders are premiers. The term prime minister is commonly a synonym also in non-Westminster system contexts Synonyms: (parliamentary leader of government and leader of cabinet in a national parliament) prime minister, first minister, (parliamentary leader of government and leader of cabinet in a state or provincial parliament) first minister, (head of government in a non-Westminster system) prime minister, (second-in-command on a ship) first lieutenant, first mate
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To perform, display or exhibit for the first time. The composer invited all his friends when they premiered the movie he orchestrated, we got to see it before anyone but the crew.
    • 1998, John Herschel Baron, Intimate Music: A History of the Idea of Chamber Music, [http//|a|an%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BRbrT_3iJq68iAfzpNjQBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22to%20premier%20the|a|an%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 231], Beethoven at first promised Schuppanzigh the right to premier Opus 127, but Linke, cellist in Schuppanzigh′s Quartet, had also received Beethoven′s permission to premier the work at a special benefit concert for himself.
    • 2000, W. Royal Stokes, Living the Jazz Life: Conversations With Forty Musicians About Their Careers in Jazz, [http//|a|an%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BRbrT_3iJq68iAfzpNjQBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22to%20premier%20the|a|an%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 97], So what I want to do is try to premier the new piece with the other piece, and have just a big splash in the city.
    • 2010, Murry R. Nelson, The Rolling Stones: A Musical Biography, [http//|a|an%22+-intitle:%22premier|premiers%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BRbrT_3iJq68iAfzpNjQBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22to%20premier%20the|a|an%22%20-intitle%3A%22premier|premiers%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 56], To premier the record and to show that they were still able to perform, the Stones made a surprise appearance at the New Musical Express Poll Winners Concert on May 12 in Wembley Stadium.
premix etymology pre + mix
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A blend of components that has been mix in advance of use or of further processing.
    • 1994, G. Bickley Remmey, Firing Ceramics, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 120], High velocity premix systems — high velocity premix burner systems have been popular with some European kiln builders due to the fact that they are more fuel efficient than most other systems.
    • 2005, Robin Beauchamp, Designing Sound for Animation, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 143], As the postproduction phase nears completion, elements (units) are mixed-down to premixes (predub). Premixes are developed independently for each of the stems.
    • 2005, Hilary Wyatt, Tim Amyes, Audio Post Production For Television And Film, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 238], Premixes can be divided down into groups such as dialogue, effects and music, or even further, into premixes of spot effects, foley effects, atmosphere effects, etc.
    • 2006, M. J. McPherson, S. G. Møller, PCR, 2nd Edition, Taylor & Francis, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 80], Where possible you should prepare a premix containing the common reactants for all the PCRs you are setting up.
    • 2007, John Purcell, Dialogue Editing for Motion Pictures: A Guide to the Invisible Art, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 311], In comparison, dialogue editors have it pretty easy. Still, like the gymnast, for the past few weeks you′ve been preparing for one brief, intense experience: the dialogue premix.
    • 2008, Robert Blair, Nutrition and Feeding of Organic Poultry, [http//|%22premixes%22+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAzsT8P2F6feigfnhPXlBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 223], When vitamins and minerals are combined in a single premix, it should be used within 30 days of purchase. Vitamin and trace mineral premixes should be stored in the dark in dry sealed containers.
  2. (Australia, informal) A manufactured beverage consisting of alcohol and soft drink, milk or other non-alcoholic drinks; an alcopop.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
Synonyms: (blend of components prepared before use), (manufactured mixed beverage containing alcohol and soft drink) alcopop, RTD
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To blend in advance.
    • 2003, Peter R. Hornsby, Roger N. Rothon (editor), Chapter 5: Compound Preparation, Mixture Characterisation and Process Enhancement of Particulate-Filled Polymer Compounds, Particulate-Filled Polymer Composites, [http//|%22premixed%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=10LsT5OBBMiciQfbtbjqBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premixing%22|%22premixed%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 220], During premixing, the components are randomly interspersed with each other and levels of developed shear are generally low.
    • 2005, Tom Holland, The 12-week Triathlete: Train For A Triathlon In Just Three Months, [http//|%22premixes%22+australia+OR+drink+-intitle:%22premix%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jxfsT8rONuXdigePqKy-BQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premix%22|%22premixes%22%20australia%20OR%20drink%20-intitle%3A%22premix%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 178], My current strategy is that I premix two PowerGels in each Fuel Belt bottle and drink half the bottle (one PowerGel) every half hour during the Ironman run.
    • 2010, Stanley R. Alten, Audio in Media, [http//|%22premixed%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=10LsT5OBBMiciQfbtbjqBQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22premixing%22|%22premixed%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 482], The rerecording mix is the final stage in postproduction, when the premixed tracks or stems—dialogue, music, and sound effects—are combined into stereo and surround sound and sent to the edit master.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, Australia) An infant who is born prematurely.
premolar {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A tooth situated in front of the molar teeth; especially a tooth in human with two cusp which is between the canine and the molar (latin: singular dens premolaris, plural dentes premolares){{jump}}
Synonyms: {{jump}} bicuspid
premonition {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: præmonition (obsolete) etymology Mid 15th century, from xno premunition, from ll praemonitionem, form of praemonitio, from Latin praemonitius, form of praemoneo, from prae (English pre-) + monere (from which English monitor).{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} Compare Germanic foretelling, forewarning. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A clairvoyant or clairaudient experience, such as a dream, which resonates with some event in the future.
  2. A strong intuition that something is about to happen (usually something negative, but not exclusively).
Synonyms: bad feeling, gut feeling, vision, second sight (informal)
prep pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /pɹɛp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) Preparation.
  2. abbreviation of preposition
  3. (informal, countable) A student or graduate of a prep school, a preppy. {{defdate}}
  4. (British, uncountable) Homework, work set to do outside class time, used widely in public schools and preparatory schools but not state schools.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To prepare.
  • perp
pre-packaged bankruptcy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (finance, banking) To file for bankruptcy by submitting to the court a virtually complete plan designed to avoid a protracted court-guided period [of reorganization and debt restructure]; (slang) a "pre-pack" or "quick bankruptcy" or "surgery".
etymology 1 From prep (in prep school) + -er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) A student at a prep school.
  2. (UK, slang) Prep school.
    • 2010, Stephen Fry, The Fry Chronicles: ‘We have a vacancy at a very nice little prepper in North Yorkshire. Cundall Manor.’
etymology 2 See prepare.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A survivalist; one who actively prepares for emergencies.
preppy Alternative forms: preppie pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈprɛpi/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology prep + y, with a doubling of the p to ensure proper pronunciation.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. relating to things (such as clothing) that are typical of students at prep school
    • 1999, Detroit Rock City (movie) So, Jam, who did your wardrobe, Tad the preppie sailboat captain?
Usually derogatory, and often implying undeserved wealth.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A student of a prep school. {{defdate}}
Synonyms: posh (UK)
prereq pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈpɹi.ɹɛk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) prerequisite
    • 2011, Emily Sugiyama, Katie Shaw, University of Washington 2012 When you are planning on going into Nursing at University of Washington, you are really praying that you get into the Nursing school because the prereqs are so strictly and rigidly set up.
    • 2011, Constance Courtney Staley, Steve Staley, FOCUS on College and Career Success (page 12) And in some cases, students who haven't taken a prereq are actually disenrolled from the course that requires it.
president {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: President (honorifically), præsident (archaic) etymology From Old French president, from Latin praesidēns (accusative: praesidentem). The Latin word is the substantivized present active participle of the verb praesideō. The verb is composed from prae and sedeō. The original meaning of the verb is 'to sit before' in the sense of presiding at a meeting. A secondary meaning of the verb is 'to command, to govern'. So praesidēns means 'the presiding one on a meeting' or 'governor, commander'. pronunciation
  • /ˈpɹɛzɨdənt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The head of state of a republic, a representative democracy and sometimes a dictatorship.
    • 2007, Benjamin Camins, Hillary Is the Best Choice, Page 144 … to change the pattern of the last 220 years of only voting for a white male president, and elect a woman president …
    The vast majority of presidents have been male.
  2. Primary leader of a corporation. Not to be confused with CEO, which is a related but separate position that is sometimes held by a different person.
  3. A person presiding over a meeting, chair, presiding officer, presider.
  4. obsolete form of precedent {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: prez (humorous or informal)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Occupying the first rank or chief place; having the highest authority; presiding.
    • Milton His angels president / In every province.
etymology 1 press + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (media, slang) A press release
  2. (media, slang) A press conference or press briefing.
etymology 2 press + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person or device that removes wrinkles, usually from clothing.
  • repress
pressie pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A present.
  • esprise
presto change-o etymology presto + rhyming variation of change Alternative forms: presto chango
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Indicates the suddenness of a change or transformation, as a magic trick in which one object appears to be suddenly transformed into another.
    • 1975, Laura Keane Zametkin Hobson, Consenting Adult, Doubleday, ISBN 0385034989, page 85, "It doesn't just go one, two, three, presto, change-o, you're cured."
    • 1984, Audrey Wood, Presto Change-O, Child's Play, ISBN 0859531813.
    • 2001, Karen Kellaher, Writing Skills Made Fun: Parts of Speech, ISBN 0439170338, page 13, Then tell them to read the sentence on the front of each flap, open the flap, and read the sentence inside. Presto Change-o! Common nouns are transformed into proper nouns, right before nouns, right before their eyes!
    • 2006, Peter Blauner, Slipping Into Darkness: A Novel, Little, Brown, ISBN 0316098663, page 3, But then that little psychopath Willie Bosket murdered a couple of subway riders for the hell of it when he was fifteen and -- presto change-o! -- a new law was born.
presto chango etymology presto + rhyming variation of change Alternative forms: presto change-o
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Indicates the suddenness of a change or transformation, as a magic trick in which one object appears to be suddenly transformed into another.
    • 1929, Business Week, advertisement, Just one touch lets you go from black to a second color. Presto. Chango. Or back to black. Presto. Chango. Color copies have never been easier.
    • 1937 April 24, Washington Post, page 12, PRESTO CHANGO! From a dreary, commonplace piece to a smart colorful chair shining with personality.
    • 1978, Richard Rhodes, Holy Secrets, Doubleday, ISBN 0385025653, page 31, "...An' presto-chango, you got yourself a twenty-eight-by-sixty-foot house."
    • 1983, Lois Lowry, Taking Care of Terrific, Houghton Mifflin Children's Books, ISBN 0395340705, page 158, Tom nodded solemnly. "Presto Chango," he said. Then he looked at the policeman again. "My name is Joshua Cameron," he announced, and the policeman wrote that down.
    • 2000, Candace Sherk Savage, Witch: The Wild Ride from Wicked to Wicca, Sterling Publishing, ISBN 1550548786, page 8, Watch and before your eyes, presto chango, a capital crime of the most hideous sort will be turned into a superstition,....
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The act of making someone or something pretty.
prettiful Alternative forms: prettyful etymology {{blend}}, or pretty + ful.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, babytalk) pretty, beautiful, cute
pretty Alternative forms: pooty (nonstandard), purdy (nonstandard), pratty (dialectal), prettie, pretie (obsolete) etymology {{wikipedia}} From Middle English prety, preti, praty, prati, from Old English prættiġ, from Proto-Germanic *prattugaz, corresponding to prat + y. Cognate with Dutch prettig, Norwegian prektig, dialectal German (East Friesland) prettig, Low German pratzig, German protzig, Icelandic prettugur. For the sense-development, compare canny, clever, cute. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈpɹɪti/
  • (US) /ˈpɝti/
  • (US) /ˈpɹʊti/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Cunning; clever, skilful. {{defdate}}
    • 1877, George Hesekiel and Bayard Taylor, Bismarck his Authentic Biography, page 380: In the end, however, it was a very pretty shot, right across the chasm; killed first fire, and the brute fell headlong into the brook [...].
  2. Pleasant in sight or other senses; attractive, especially of women or children. {{defdate}}
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, The China Governess , 17, , “The face which emerged was not reassuring. […]. He was not a mongol but there was a deficiency of a sort there, and it was not made more pretty by a latter-day hair cut which involved eccentrically long elf-locks and oiled black curls.”
    • 2010, Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian, 4 Feb 2010: To escape a violent beating from sailors to whom he has sold a non-functioning car, Jerry takes his stepfamily for a holiday in a trailer park miles away, where, miraculously, young Nick meets a very pretty young woman called Sheeni, played by Portia Doubleday.
  3. Of objects or things: nice-looking, appealing. {{defdate}}
    • 2010, Lia Leendertz, The Guardian, 13 Feb 2010: 'Petit Posy' brassicas [...] are a cross between kale and brussels sprouts, and are really very pretty with a mild, sweet taste.
  4. (often pejorative) Fine-looking; only superficially attractive; initially appealing but having little substance; see petty. {{defdate}}
    • 1962, "New Life for the Liberals", Time, 28 Sep 1962: Damned by the Socialists as "traitors to the working class," its leaders were decried by Tories as "faceless peddlers of politics with a pretty little trinket for every taste."
  5. (dated) Moderately large; considerable. {{defdate}}
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, I.2.4.vii: they flung all the goods in the house out at the windows into the street, or into the sea, as they supposed; thus they continued mad a pretty season […].
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “A chap named Eleazir Kendrick and I had chummed in together the summer afore and built a fish-weir and shanty at Setuckit Point, down Orham way. For a spell we done pretty well. Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand.”
    • 2004, "Because They're Worth it", Time, 26 Jan 04: "What did you do to your hair?" The answer could be worth a pretty penny for L'Oreal.
  6. (dated) Excellent, commendable, pleasing; fitting or proper (of actions, thoughts etc.). {{defdate}}
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Boston 1867, page 75: Some people are surprised, I believe, that that the eldest was not [named after his father], but Isabella would have him named Henry, which I thought very pretty of her.
    • 1919, Saki, ‘The Oversight’, The Toys of Peace: ‘This new fashion of introducing the candidate's children into an election contest is a pretty one,’ said Mrs. Panstreppon; ‘it takes away something from the acerbity of party warfare, and it makes an interesting experience for the children to look back on in after years.’
    • 1926, Ernest Hemingway, The sun also rises‎‎, page 251: "Oh, Jake." Brett said, "we could have had such a damned good time together." Ahead was a mounted policeman in khaki directing traffic. He raised his baton. The car slowed suddenly pressing Brett against me. "Yes", I said. "Isn't it pretty to think so?"
  7. (ironic) Awkward, unpleasant. {{defdate}}
    • 1931, "Done to a Turn", Time, 26 Jan 1931: His sadistic self-torturings finally landed him in a pretty mess: still completely married, practically sure he was in love with Tillie, he made dishonorable proposals of marriage to two other women.
  • (ironic use:)
  • 1995, Les Standiford, Deal to die for, page 123: "[...] you can still see where the kid's face is swollen up from this talk: couple of black eyes, lip all busted up, nose over sideways," Driscoll shook his head again, "just a real pretty picture."
  • ugly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Somewhat, fairly, quite; sometimes also (by meiosis) very.
    • 1723, Charles Walker, Memoirs of Sally Salisbury, V: By the Sheets you have sent me to peruse, the Account you have given of her Birth and Parentage is pretty exact [...].
    • 1859, Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, I: It seems pretty clear that organic beings must be exposed during several generations to the new conditions of life to cause any appreciable amount of variation [...].
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.”
    • 2002, Colin Jones (historian), The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, page 539: The Revolutionary decade was a pretty challenging time for business.
  • When particularly stressed, the adverb serves almost to diminish the adjective or adverb that it modifies, by emphasizing that there are greater levels of intensity.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something that is pretty. "We'll stop at the knife store a look at the sharp pretties.
    • 1939, Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf, I'll get you, my pretty, and your little dog, too!
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To make pretty; to beautify
  • {{rank}}
pretty boy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) A young man whose attractiveness is considered rather effeminate and who may be vain about his appearance.
pretty please
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (childish or jocular) an emphatic form of "please" Please? Pretty please? Pretty please with sugar on top?!
verb: {{en-verb}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (computing, informal, transitive) To display code (source code, markup, etc.) in a way that makes it more readable, perhaps using formatting, colour, or indentation.
preview pronunciation
  • /pɹiːvjʉː/
etymology Old French preveu, past participle of preveoir. See pre- + view.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A foretaste of something.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (colloquial) An advance showing of a film, exhibition etc.
  3. Something seen in advance.
Synonyms: forelook
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To show or watch something, or part of it, before it is complete.
previous Alternative forms: prævious (archaic) pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Prior; occurring before something else, either in time or order. He is no better than the previous Prime Minister.
  2. (informal)  Premature; occurring too soon. I thought that I had solved the problem, but I was a bit previous.
Synonyms: former, late, old, See also
  • future
  • following
  • next
  • succeeding
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, UK) An existing criminal record; short for "previous convictions". It turned out the shoplifter had a lot of previous.
    • November 2 2014, Daniel Taylor, "Sergio Agüero strike wins derby for Manchester City against 10-man United," For that Smalling will have to do his time grazing in the scapegoat’s paddock because his contribution here supplied hard evidence of a player lacking the football intelligence that is needed at the highest level. He has previous on that front and it is difficult to find any mitigation for the way he scythed down James Milner when the first rule for a defender on a yellow card is not to dive in unless it is absolutely necessary.
  • pervious
  • viperous
prexactly etymology {{blend}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of perzactly
prexie {{wikipedia}} etymology presidential + ie pronunciation
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (philately, colloquial) A definitive stamp of the presidential series issued by the United States from 1938 to 1954.
  • expire
prexy etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a college or university president
    • 1970: "Stanford prexy asks cut in paper support", (Ellensburg, Washington) (UPI), 8 October 1970, vol. 70, no. 238, p. 3 Stanford University's new president, angered by what he calls a "journalistic atrocity," wants student financial support withdrawn from the Stanford Daily.
  • Pyrex
prez pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Short form of president.
prezackly etymology {{blend}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative spelling of perzactly
prezactly etymology {{blend}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative spelling of perzactly
  • perzactly
price etymology From Middle English price, from Old French pris, preis, from Latin pretium, prob. akin to Ancient Greek περνάω 〈pernáō〉; compare praise, prize, precious, appraise, apprize, appreciate, depreciate, etc. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (UK, US): {{enPR}}, /pɹaɪs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The cost require to gain possession of something.
    • Shakespeare We can afford no more at such a price.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 3 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.”
  2. The cost of an action or deed. exampleI paid a high price for my folly.
  3. Value; estimation; excellence; worth.
    • Bible, Proverbs xxxi. 10 Her price is far above rubies.
    • Keble new treasures still, of countless price
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To determine the monetary value of (an item), to put a price on.
  2. (obsolete) To pay the price of, to make reparation for.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.ix: Thou damned wight, / The author of this fact, we here behold, / What iustice can but iudge against thee right, / With thine owne bloud to price his bloud, here shed in sight.
  3. (obsolete) To set a price on; to value; to prize.
  4. (colloquial, dated) To ask the price of. to price eggs
priceless etymology price + less
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. So precious as not to be sold at any price.
  2. Treasured; held in high regard.
    • {{quote-news }}
  3. (informal) Hilariously amusing.
  4. (obsolete) Of no value; worthless. {{rfquotek}}
pricey Alternative forms: pricy etymology price + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) expensive, dear
prick {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /pɹɪk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English prik, prikke, from Old English prica, pricu, from Proto-Germanic *prikô, *prikō, of uncertain origin, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *breyǵ-. Cognate with West Frisian prik, Dutch prik, Danish prik, Icelandic prik. Pejorative context came from prickers, or witch-hunters.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small hole or perforation, caused by piercing. {{defdate}}
  2. An indentation or small mark made with a pointed object. {{defdate}}
  3. (obsolete) A dot or other diacritical mark used in writing; a point. {{defdate}}
  4. (obsolete) A tiny particle; a small amount of something; a jot. {{defdate}}
  5. A small pointed object. {{defdate}}
    • Shakespeare Pins, wooden pricks, nails, sprigs of rosemary.
    • Bible, Acts ix. 5 It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
  6. The experience or feeling of being pierced or punctured by a small, sharp object. {{defdate}} I felt a sharp prick as the nurse took a sample of blood.
    • A. Tucker the pricks of conscience
  7. (slang, vulgar) The penis. {{defdate}}
  8. (slang, pejorative) Someone (especially a man or boy) who is unpleasant, rude or annoying. {{defdate}}
  9. (now, historical) A small roll of yarn or tobacco. {{defdate}}
  10. The footprint of a hare.
  11. (obsolete) A point or mark on the dial, noting the hour.
    • Shakespeare the prick of noon
  12. (obsolete) The point on a target at which an archer aims; the mark; the pin.
    • Spenser they that shooten nearest the prick
etymology 2 From Middle English prikken, from Old English prician, priccan, from Proto-Germanic *prikōną, *prikjaną, of uncertain origin; perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *breyǵ-. Cognate with dialectal English pritch, Dutch prikken, Middle High German pfrecken, Swedish pricka, and possibly to Lithuanian įbrėžti.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To pierce or puncture slightly. {{defdate}} John hardly felt the needle prick his arm when the adept nurse drew blood.
  2. (transitive) To form by piercing or puncturing. to prick holes in paper to prick a pattern for embroidery to prick the notes of a musical composition {{rfquotek}}
  3. (intransitive, dated) To be punctured; to suffer or feel a sharp pain, as by puncture. A sore finger pricks.
  4. (transitive) To incite, stimulate, goad. {{defdate}}
    • {{rfdate}}, Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, ii. 7. My duty pricks me on to utter that.
  5. To affect with sharp pain; to sting, as with remorse.
    • Bible, Acts ii. 37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart.
    • Tennyson I was pricked with some reproof.
  6. (intransitive, archaic) To urge one's horse on; to ride quickly. {{defdate}} {{rfquotek}}
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.1: At last, as through an open plaine they yode, / They spide a knight that towards them pricked fayre [...].
    • 1881, , : Indeed, it is a memorable subject for consideration, with what unconcern and gaiety mankind pricks on along the Valley of the Shadow of Death.
  7. (transitive, chiefly, nautical) To mark the surface of (something) with pricks or dots; especially, to trace a ship’s course on (a chart). {{defdate}}
  8. (nautical, obsolete) To run a middle seam through the cloth of a sail. (The Universal Dictionary of the English Language, 1896)
  9. (transitive) To make acidic or pungent. {{rfquotek}}
  10. (intransitive) To become sharp or acid; to turn sour, as wine.
  11. To aim at a point or mark. {{rfquotek}}
  12. To fix by the point; to attach or hang by puncturing. to prick a knife into a board
    • Sandys The cooks prick it [a slice] on a prong of iron.
  13. (obsolete) To mark or denote by a puncture; to designate by pricking; to choose; to mark.
    • Francis Bacon Some who are pricked for sheriffs.
    • Sir Walter Scott Let the soldiers for duty be carefully pricked off.
    • Shakespeare Those many, then, shall die: their names are pricked.
  14. To make sharp; to erect into a point; to raise, as something pointed; said especially of the ears of an animal, such as a horse or dog; and usually followed by up.
    • Dryden The courser … pricks up his ears.
  15. (obsolete) To dress; to prink; usually with up.
  16. (farriery) To drive a nail into (a horse's foot), so as to cause lameness.
{{Webster 1913}}

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