The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


prickhead etymology From prick + head.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, colloquial, pejorative) A jerk; a mean or rude person.
pricklouse etymology From prick + louse. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈpɹɪklaʊs/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, now archaic, historical) A tailor; a lousy person.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.32: that woman…by no threats or stripes would leave to call her husband pricke-lowse {{transterm}}, and being cast into a pond and duckt under water, lifted up her hands, and joyning her two thumbs-nailes in act to kill lice above her head, seemed to call him lousie still{{nb...}}.
prickwad etymology prick + wad
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A rude, obnoxious, or annoying person.
    • 1999, Best Gay Erotic 1999, Cleis Preis (1999), ISBN 9781573440486, page 149: "That's right — Big Daddy Jackson watches over his flock, prickwad. Next time, check with your fag-bashing friends, ask 'em if it's safe to fuck with the Darkside! {{…}}
    • 2006, David Levithan, Wide Awake, Knopf (2006), ISBN 9780375834660, page 7: Telling Jessie that he was an asshalf prickwad Decent wouldn't be working toward a community at all.
    • 2010, Lindsay Faith Rech, It Started with a Dare, Graphia (2010), ISBN 9780547235585, unnumbered page: About an hour ago, when Alona caught me crying in the hallway after my big blowout with the king of the prickwads, I figured, why not blame the little guys again?
pricy etymology price + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) alternative spelling of pricey
priest {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English preist, preest, from Old English preost, from ll presbyter, from Ancient Greek πρεσβύτερος 〈presbýteros〉, from πρέσβυς 〈présbys〉. Reinforced in Middle English by Old French prestre, also from Latin presbyter. pronunciation
  • /ˈpɹiːst/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A religious clergyman who is trained to perform services or sacrifice at a church or temple.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 10 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.”
    exampleThe priest at the Catholic church heard his confession. exampleThe Shinto priest burnt incense for his ancestors. exampleThe Israelite priests were descended from Moses' brother Aaron.
  2. A blunt tool, used for quickly stunning and killing fish.
  3. (Mormonism) The highest office in the Aaronic priesthood.
coordinate terms:
  • imam, guru, rabbi, sangha
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To ordain as a priest.
  • esprit
  • ripest
  • sitrep
  • sprite
  • stripe
priestcraft etymologypriest” + “craft
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. the craft of performing the duties of a priest
  2. (pejorative) priestly policy directed towards worldly ends
    • 1681: , Absalom and Achitophel: In pious times, ere priestcraft did begin, before polygamy was made a sin
    • 1831: The Book of Mormon 2 Nephi 26:29 He commandeth that there shall be no priestcrafts; for, behold, priestcrafts are that men preach and set themselves up for a light unto the world, that they may get gain and praise of the world; but they seek not the welfare of Zion.
    • 1891: Horace (Horatio) Smith, Address to a Mummy: Perhaps thou wert a priest,--if so, my struggles / Are vain, for priestcraft never owns its juggles.
priestery etymology priest + ery
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, obsolete) Priests collectively; the priesthood. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
priestling etymology priest + ling
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A petty, insignificant priest.
    • Samson Raphael Hirsch He is in reality one of the priestlings of paganism who exploit vague sentiment and sensibilities for the worship of their own delusions, whose harvest, therefore, has mostly been grief and mourning, misery and distress.
prig pronunciation
  • /pɹɪɡ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Of unknown origin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who demonstrates an exaggerated conformity or propriety, especially in an irritatingly arrogant or smug manner.
  2. (British, archaic) A petty thief or pickpocket.
    • William Topaz McGonagall, The Christmas Goose But a policeman captur'd the naughty boy, / And gave the goose to Smiggs, / And said he was greatly bother'd / By a set of juvenile prigs.
  3. (archaic) A conceited dandy; a fop.
Synonyms: (person exhibiting excess propriety) prude
etymology 2 Of unknown origin.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (Scotland) To haggle or argue over price.
  2. (slang, dated) To filch or steal. to prig a handkerchief
  • grip, IGRP
primate pronunciation
  • /ˈpraɪmeɪt/
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 {{defdate}} From French primate.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (zoology) A mammal of the order Primates, including simian and prosimian. Primates range from lemurs to gorillas
  2. (informal) A simian anthropoid; an ape, human or monkey.
  • See also
  • ape
  • aye-aye
  • capuchin
  • douroucouli
  • entrina
  • exarch
  • galago
  • gibbon
  • great ape
  • howler monkey
  • human, human being
  • indri
  • lemur
  • loris
  • marmoset
  • monkey
  • night monkey
  • owl monkey
  • patriarch
  • potto
  • saki
  • simian
  • spider monkey
  • squirrel monkey
  • tamarin
  • tarsier
  • titi
  • uakari
  • woolly monkey
etymology 2 {{defdate}} From Old French primat, from a noun use of Latin primat-, from primus (English primus). Compare primus, of similar derivation and meaning.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (ecclesiastical) In the Catholic Church, a rare title conferred to or claimed by the see of certain archbishop, or the highest-ranking bishop of a present or historical, usually political circumscription.
  2. (ecclesiastical) In the Anglican Church, an archbishop, or the highest-ranking bishop of an ecclesiastic province.
related terms:
  • primatial
  • primus
primo etymology Italian primo
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) The principal part of a duet.
  • secundo
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Best; first-class.
  • impro
primordial soup
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The state of the Earth's ocean at a very early time in the planet's history, during the early development of multicellular organism.
princeling etymology prince + ling
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A minor or unimportant prince.
  2. (derogatory) A descendant of some prominent and influential senior communist official in the People's Republic of China.
princess {{wikipedia}} etymology From xno princess, Middle French princesse, corresponding to prince + ess. pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹɪnˈsɛs/, /ˈpɹɪnsɛs/
  • (US) /ˈpɹɪnsɛs/, /ˈpɹɪnsɪs/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A female member of a royal family other than a queen, especially a daughter or granddaughter. {{defdate}}
    • 1872, George MacDonald, The Princess and the Goblin She did not cry long, however, for she was as brave as could be expected of a princess of her age.
  2. A woman or girl who excels in a given field or class. {{defdate}}
  3. (now archaic) A female ruler or monarch; a queen. {{defdate}}
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.12: And running all with greedie ioyfulnesse / To faire Irena, at her feet did fall, / And her adored with due humblenesse, / As their true Liege and Princesse naturall [...].
  4. The wife of a prince; the female ruler of a principality. {{defdate}} Princess Grace was the Princess of Monaco.
  5. A young girl; used as a term of endearment. {{defdate}}
  6. (derogatory, chiefly, US) A young girl or woman considered vain, spoiled or selfish; a prima donna. {{defdate}} You're a real princess.
  7. A tinted crystal marble used in children's games.
  8. A type of court card in the Tarot pack, coming between the 10 and the prince (Jack).
  9. A female lemur.
  • Possessive forms: princess's (main form used by academics) The princess's golden hair.; princess' (main form used by newspapers) The princess' golden hair.
  • A princess is usually styled “Her Highness”. A princess in a royal family is “Her Royal Highness”; in an imperial family “Her Imperial Highness”.
coordinate terms:
  • prince
related terms:
  • princely
  • principality
  • crispens
princessipality etymology Combination of princess and principality.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, humorous) A political entity ruled by a princess.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
princified pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) imitative of a prince; haughty {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
prior etymology From Latin prior, comparative of Old Latin *pri, from Proto-Indo-European *per-, *pro. Parallel to English former, as comparative form from same Proto-Indo-European root, whence also fore (thence before). pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. advance; coming before I had no prior knowledge you were coming.
  2. former, previous His prior residence was smaller than his current one.
{{also}} The etymological antonym is ulterior (from Latin) (compare primate/ultimate for “first/last”). This is now no longer used, however, and there is no corresponding antonym. Typically either subsequent or posterior are used, but these form different pairs – precedent/subsequent and anterior/posterior – and are more formal than prior. When an opposing pair is needed, these can be used, or other pairs such as former/latter or previous/next. Synonyms: See also
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) Previously. The doctor had known three months prior.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A high-ranking member of a monastery, usually lower in rank than an abbot.
  2. (US slang) A previous arrest or criminal conviction on someone's record. {{defdate}}
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 53: ‘And a little later we get the routine report on his prints from Washington, and he's got a prior back in Indiana, attempted hold-up six years ago.’
  3. (statistics) In Bayesian inference, a prior probability distribution. {{defdate}}
prison {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French prison, from Latin prehensiōnem, accusative singular of prehensiō, from the verb prehendō. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • /ˈpɹɪzən/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A place of long-term confinement for those convicted of serious crime, or otherwise considered undesirable by the government. The cold stone walls of the prison had stood for over a century.
  2. (uncountable) Confinement in prison. Prison was a harrowing experience for him.
  3. (colloquial) Any restrictive environment, such as a harsh academy or home. The academy was a prison for many of its students because of its strict teachers.
Synonyms: (place) bridewell; see also ., (confinement) imprisonment
coordinate terms:
  • (place) gaol, jail
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To imprison.
  • porins
  • prions
  • spinor
prison bitch etymology prison + bitch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (prison slang) A sex slave used in the absence of available women
    • 2004, Alexander Cockburn, Serpents in the garden: liaisons with culture & sex, page 273 What kind of life can a prison bitch expect to lead once he is released?
    • 2007, Gil Snider, Brain Warp: A Medical Thriller, page 255 What's the tattoo for a prison bitch? A rabbit? A pansy? Maybe,” she added scornfully, “a nice big bull's eye tattooed right on your ass
    • 2009, R.A. Melos, The Adventures of Homosexual Man and Lesbian Ladd, page 79 “More like the big house,” Tyree snapped. “Mama, I don't wanna end up a prison bitch,” Cecile cried.
Synonyms: (prison sex slave) punk, bitch, bottom bitch, pussyboy, bitchboy
priss etymology {{back-form}} (analyzed as priss + -y), noun attested 1923.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A prissy person
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To dress or behave in a prissy manner
  • risps
prittle-prattle etymology Reduplication of prattle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, derogatory, dated) empty talk; prattle {{rfquotek}} {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
private dick
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A private investigator; a private detective.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 130: ‘Private dick, eh?’ he said, not looking at me at all, but looking out of his window.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of private
  2. (plural only, informal) The genitalia; those body parts that are not normally displayed, private parts The kick in the privates must have hurt. His privates were undamaged.
pro pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹəʊ/
  • (US) /pɹoʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Latin prō.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An advantage of something, especially when contrasted with its disadvantage (con). What are the pros and cons of buying a car?
Synonyms: advantage, plus, upside
  • con
  • disadvantage
  • downside
  • minus
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. In favor of. He is pro exercise but against physical exertion, quite a conundrum.
  • anti
etymology 2
  • Shortened from professional.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a professional sportsman
  2. (colloquial) professional When it comes to DIY, he's a real pro.
etymology 3 Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A prostitute.
    • 1974, "Fynn" (Sydney Hopkins), Mister God, This Is Anna Millie was one of the dozen or so pros who had a house at the top of the street.
  • POR, RPO
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) alternative spelling of pro-abort
noun: {{head}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) alternative spelling of pro-abort
pro-abort Alternative forms: proabort etymology Contraction of proabortion/proabortionist.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) pro-choice
    • 1987, "Thornburgh turns down Reagan offer", Gettysburg Times, 1987 April 29: In its newsletter, Defense of Life described Thornburgh as "pro-abort" and said Woods had no recorded abortion position.
    • 1989, "Abortion Battle: 2 Foes on Front Lines", The New York Times, 1989 July 17: As she stood outside the clinic on Saturday, she lamented the lost opportunities as the counterdemonstrators clogged the sidewalks. "They're the real lunatic, pro-abort people," she said{{…}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) A person with pro-choice views.
    • 1992, "Utah Abortion Foes Seek to Elect Pro-Lifers to Keep Political Edge", The Salt Lake Tribune, 1992 January 23: The leader of a Utah anti-abortion group told those attending a rally at the state Capitol on Wednesday they should target the elected offices being vacated in 1992. "If we lose the governor's seat to a pro-abort, then he can say there isn't enough money to support the abortion law. You must register to vote in 1992 so you can vote those pro-aborts out of office and keep them out," said Rosa Goodnight{{…}}
Synonyms: antilifer (derogatory), proabortionist, pro-choicer, pro-deather (derogatory)
proabortionist Alternative forms: pro-abortionist etymology proabortion + ist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who is supportive of the practice and/or legality of abortion.
Synonyms: antilifer (derogatory), pro-abort (derogatory), pro-choicer, pro-deather (derogatory)
noun: {{head}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) plural of pro-abort
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. Abbreviation of probably, often seen in dictionary etymologies.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Short form of problem. No prob, I'll fix it tomorrow.
prob'ly etymology {{clipping}} (clipped pronunciation). pronunciation
  • /ˈprɒ
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial, slang) eye dialect of probably I should prob'ly keep my eyes on the road.
Synonyms: probly, prolly
probably Alternative forms: prob'ly (colloquial), probly (colloquial), prolly (colloquial) etymology From probable + ly. pronunciation
  • /ˈpɹɒbəbli/
  • (colloquial) /ˈpɹɒbli/
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In all likelihood.
Synonyms: (in all likelihood) likely, perhaps, maybe, possibly, presumably, most likely, doubtless, in all probability, perchance, as likely as not, as like as not
  • {{rank}}
problemo pronunciation
  • /ˌprɑˈbleɪ̯ˌmoʊ̯/
etymology problem + humorous -o suffix. A hyperforeignism, since the correct Spanish word is problema.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) problem
  • Used especially in the phrase “no problemo”.
probly etymology {{clipping}} (as a clipped pronunciation or a phonetical misspelling). pronunciation
  • /ˈprɒ.bli/, /ˈprɒ
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial, slang) eye dialect of probably I should probly keep my eyes on the road.
    • 1712, Jonathan Swift, "A Proposal for Correcting, Improving, and Ascertaining the English Tongue" (also titled "A letter to the Lord High Treasurer"), in The Works, Volume IV (of VIII), A. Donaldson (1761), page 349: La Bruyere, a late celebrated writer among them, makes use of many new terms, which are not to be found in any of the common dictionaries before his time. But the English tongue is not arrived to such a degree of perfection, as to make us apprehend any thoughts of its decay ; and if it were once refined to a certain standard, perhaps there might be ways found out to fix it for ever, or at least till we were invaded and made a conquest by some other state ; and even then our best writings might probly be preserved with care, and grow into esteem, and the authors have a chance for immortality.
    • 1737, "Debates and Proceedings in the House of Lords, on the Tithe-Bill", in The Historical Register, Volume XX, Number 86, J. Meres (1737), page 269: A Bill was brought in there for the Purpose mentioned in the Title of this Bill ; that Bill which was first brought in, (I think I may mention it, because it was printed) was even there acknowledged to be wrong, and therefore in the Committee they amended it in such a Manner as to make it, in a great Measure, a new Bill ; this Hurry occasioned even that new Bill, which is the Bill we now have before us, to be extremely defective, and if we proceed in the same Manner, we may probly fall into the same Error ; for I think it impossible to make a proper Bill of that we have now before us, without altering the whole, which, according to our Methods of Proceeding, cannot be done in the Committee ; …
    • 1964, John Kennedy Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces, LSU (1980), page 13: “Cawmniss! Ooo-woo. If I call a po-lice a cawmniss, my ass be in Angola right now for sure. … They probly let you go,” the sunglasses said. “Me, they probly gimma a little talk think it scare me, even though they know I ain got them cashews. They probly try to prove I got them nuts. They probly buy a bag, slip it in my pocket. Woolsworth probly try to send me up for life.”
    • 1975, William Gaddis, J R, Knopf (1975), page 33: ― You come in when I point the baton right at you, and you come in playing the Rhinegold motif. Now what was that you think you just played? ― The Call to the Colors, anybody knows that. Besides I don't even know this here Rhinegold thing and my father said I probly should play this anyway because it's the best thing I can play.
Synonyms: prob'ly, prolly
proboscis {{wikipedia}} etymology From Latin proboscis, from Ancient Greek προβοσκίς "elephant's trunk," literally "means for taking food," from προ "forward" + βόσκειν "to nourish, feed," from βόσκεσςθαι "graze, be fed," from the root *bot (compare βοτάνη "grass, fodder); more at botany. pronunciation
  • /proʊˈbɒsɪs/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) An elongated tube from the head or connected to the mouth, of an animal.
    1. The tubular feeding and sucking organ of certain invertebrate like insect, worm and mollusc.
    2. The trunk of an elephant.
  2. (informal, mildly, jocular) A large or lengthy human nose.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang) probably.
Synonyms: prob, prolly
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) plural of prob
process {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From Old French procés, from Latin processus, past participle of procedo pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈpɹəʊsɛs/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /ˈpɹɒsɛs/
  • {{audio}}
  • (Canada) /ˈpɹoʊsɛs/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A series of events to produce a result, especially as contrasted to product.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    This product of last month's quality standards committee is quite good, even though the process was flawed.
  2. (legal) The act of serving a defendant with a summons or a writ.
  3. (biology) An outgrowth of tissue or cell.
  4. (anatomy) A structure that arises above a surface.
  5. (computing) A task or program that is or was executing.
  6. (manufacturing) A set of procedure used to produce a product, most commonly in the food and chemical industries.
    • 1960, Mack Tyner, Process Engineering Calculations: Material and Energy Balances - Ordinarily a process plant will use a steam boiler to supply its process heat requirements and to drive a steam-turbine generator.
    • 1987, J. R. Richards, Principles of control system design in Modelling and control of fermentation processes - The words plant or process infer generally any dynamic system, be it primarily mechanical, electrical, or chemical process in nature, and may extend also to include social or economic systems.
  7. A path of succession of states through which a system passes.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  8. (anatomy) Successive physiological responses to keep or restore health.
related terms:
  • proceed
  • procedure
verb: {{rfc}} {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To perform a particular process. We have processed the data using our proven techniques, and have come to the following conclusions.
  2. (transitive) To treat with a substance
  3. (transitive) To think an information over, or a concept, in order to assimilate it, and perhaps accept it as valid.
etymology 2 {{back-form}} pronunciation
  • /prəˈsɛs/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (mostly British) To walk in a procession.
  • corpses
pro-choicer Alternative forms: prochoicer etymology pro-choice + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person with pro-choice views, or who advocates such policies
Synonyms: antilifer (derogatory), pro-abort (derogatory), proabortionist, pro-deather (derogatory)
procrasturbation etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) The act of putting off something important or wasting time by engaging in a leisure activity, particularly masturbation.
    • 2012, "Hitting all the right notes: perfect revision music", Exeposé (University of Exeter), Issue 593, 8 May 2012, page 21: A mixture of electronica, rock and modern classical make up your musical deterrent to procrasturbation.
    • 2013, "Three Lines Free", The Gateway (University of Alberta), Volume 103, Issue 24, 13 March 2013, page 14: Remember: one man's procrasturbation is another man's study break.
    • 2013, Lillie Reed, "Ennui-endo", The Chronicle (Duke University), Issue 32, 9 October 2013, page 11: Signs and symptoms of this advanced stage may include: sitting in the library for hours on end and accomplishing nothing, applying to jobs that you have no interest in (because I don’t want to look back on my life and regret NOT applying to clown school, THAT’S WHY) and, of course, procrasturbation.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
proctocracy etymology First attested in March 2002; formed as {{confix}}; equivalent to a hypothetical Ancient Greek etymon of the form *, from πρωκτός 〈prōktós〉 + κράτος 〈krátos〉. pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /pɹɒkˈtɒkɹəsɪ/
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /pɹɒkˈtɒkɹəsi/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous neologism, rare) government or management by “arsehole” (i.e., inconsiderate, obnoxious, or otherwise highly objectionable people).
    • 2002 March 2nd, “ZONTAR JOHNSON”,, “REQ Stoopnagle and Budd TIA”, Message ID: <> Come the Revolution we’ll have other Ass-holes ruling us.Long live the Proctocracy.
    • 2006 December 11th, “Catherine Deschevaux”, alt.quotations, “Re: Privatizing -er, Profitizing War”, Message ID: <hdmfh.6582$> It was instinctive dealing with the US proctocracy and its blinkered cheer-squad!
    • 2007, Tony Thorne, Shoot the Puppy, “proctoheliosis” A more recent workplace use of the same root is the notion of labouring under a proctocracy, defined as ‘rule by assholes’.
    • {{seemorecites}}
related terms:
proctorage etymology proctor + age
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) Management by a proctor, or as if by a proctor; control; superintendence. The fogging proctorage of money. — Milton.
{{Webster 1913}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, sometimes derogatory) A Protestant, (as termed by Roman Catholics), that is in the context of their religious beliefs, or those who have been born in the Protestant tradition, or sometimes those implied to be Protestant by their political ideology of Irish unionism or Ulster loyalism. "I don't want my daughter marrying a dirty Prod," he said.
Synonyms: Orangey, Proddy It is most commonly used in Ireland and Scotland, though usage is not limited to those regions.
  • dorp
  • drop
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, sometimes derogatory) A Protestant (as termed by Roman Catholics)
Synonyms: Prod
prodeath Alternative forms: pro-death etymology pro + death
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) pro-choice
    • 1982, "Abortion Clinics Prepare For New Law", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1982 December 8: A contrary view was expressed by Helen Cindrich, president of People Concerned for the Unborn Child. "He (Huyett) has not crumpled under the pressure of the well-funded prodeath profiteers," she said in a press release.
  2. (sometimes, derogatory) Supporting capital punishment in a particular case or in general.
    • 1970, "Police Officials Testify For Death Penalty", The Owosso Argus-Press, 1970 February 5: Rep. Gustave Groat Sr., R-Battle Creek, summed up the sentiments of many of the prodeath witnesses when he declared…
    • 1982, "Court Hears Appeals By Convicted Killers", Sarasota Herald-Tribune, 1982 January 27: Despite its alleged predisposition, Dobbert's jury recommended a life sentence, 10-2, but Doherty argued that a prodeath jury is more likely to convict.
    • 1986, "Mentally Incompetent: Should They Be Protected From Execution?", The Argus-Press, 1986 April 4: "We believe the decision of competence should be made by a judge, not by the governor. The governor of this state is too prodeath… The decision should be decided by a neutral judicial process," said Dick Burr, a public defender who raised the competency question for condemned inmate Alvin Ford.
    • 1994, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, "Some steps between attitudes and verdicts," in Inside the Juror: The Psychology of Juror Decision Making (ed. Reid Hastie), Cambridge University Press (1994), ISBN 0-521-47755-7: In contrast, the constellation of attitudes associated with the prodeath stance leads us to expect that these jurors would make more remarks in favor of the prosecution side of the case;…
  3. (biochemistry) triggering cell death
    • 2009, Jack Uetrecht, Adverse Drug Reactions Damage or injury to mitochondria can have profound effects on ATP and ROS levels, as well as release of prodeath proteins such as cytochrome c...
  • therapod
produce etymology From Latin produco, from pro + duco. pronunciation
  • (RP) prədyo͞os', /pɹəˈdjuːs/, /pɹəˈd͡ʒuːs/
  • (US) prədo͞os', /pɹəˈdus/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To yield, make or manufacture; to generate.
    • Macaulay the greatest jurist his country had produced
    • 1856, , , Volume 3, [http//|%22producing%22+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=U9buT5-IMISRiQfNpfinDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 510], At Rome the news from Ireland produced a sensation of a very different kind.
    • 1999, Steven O. Shattuck, Australian Ants: Their Biology and Identification, Volume 3, CSIRO Publishing, page 72, Many of these caterpillars have special glands that produce secretions which are very attractive to these ants.
    • 2000, Jane McGary, Environment: Australia and New Zealand, Cheris Kramarae, Dale Spender, Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Education: Health to Hypertension, page 567, For example, Mary Lou Morris, past president of the Environment Institute of Australia, has been her country′s delegate to a number of global environmental conferences and helped to produce the Australian National Heritage Charter.
    • 2006, Office of the United States Trade Representative, National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers: 2006, page 29, The Agreement criminalizes end-user piracy and requires Australia to authorize the seizure, forfeiture, and destruction of counterfeit and pirated goods and the equipment used to produce them.
    • 2006 November 21, Kenya National Assembly, Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard): Parliamentary Debates, page 3805, We discovered that they produce more than 2,000 megawatts from wind energy.
    • 2008, Primary Australian History: Book F, R.I.C. Publications, page 43, He had wanted to produce a wheat that was more suited to Australian conditions and was drought- and disease-resistant.
    • 2010, Carlos Laurenço, Hermine K. Wöhri, Measuring Dimuons Produced in Proton-Nucleus Collisions in the NA60 Experiment at the SPS, Helmut Satz, Sourav Sarkar, Bikash Sinha (editors) , The Physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma: Introductory Lectures, Springer, Lecture Notes in Physics 785, [http//|%22producing%22+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=U9buT5-IMISRiQfNpfinDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 280], Besides, some of the rejected dimuons were produced in collisions downstream of the target region (in the beam dump or in the hadron absorber, for instance).
  2. (transitive) To make (a thing) available to a person, an authority, etc.; to provide for inspection.
    • 1810, Cobbett's complete collection of state trials and proceedings: volume 8 It was necessary for the prisoner to produce a witness to prove his innocency.
    • 2006, Tom Smart, Lee Benson, In Plain Sight: The Startling Truth Behind the Elizabeth Smart Investigation, [http//|%22producing%22+passport+OR+identification+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=M-PuT9ivHYisiAfUirGtDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20passport%20OR%20identification%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 262], LDS security produced identification information, photographs, and videotape of an antiMormon preacher who they said called himself Emmanuel and was often seen around Temple Square, especially at conference time.
    • 2007, Transit Cooperative Research Program TRCP Report 86: Public Transportation Passenger Security Inspections: A Guide for Policy Decision Makers, [http//|%22producing%22+passport+OR+identification+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=M-PuT9ivHYisiAfUirGtDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20passport%20OR%20identification%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 22], The plaintiff alleges that he was unlawfully detained at the airport by state troopers and threatened with arrest unless he produced identification and his travel documents.
  3. (transitive, media) To sponsor and present (a motion picture, etc) to an audience or to the public.
    • 1982 January 30, Imported Producers Spread Early Sound to Global Markets, , page M-16, David Tickle flew in to Melbourne to produce the quad-platinum (in Australia) LP “True Colors” and the triple gold single “I Got You”— both of which shot the band to international prominence.
    • 2001, Donald Bogle, Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films, [http//|%22producing%22+sound+OR+film+OR+movie+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6-juT9-1JIHAiQeY_OicDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20sound%20OR%20film%20OR%20movie%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 56], In 1940, he co-wrote the script for Broken Strings, an independently produced film in which he starred as a concert violinist.
    • 2011, Bob Sehlinger, Menasha Ridge, Len Testa, The Unofficial Guide Walt Disney World 2012, [http//|%22producing%22+sound+OR+film+OR+movie+-intitle:%22produced|producing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6-juT9-1JIHAiQeY_OicDQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22produced%22|%22producing%22%20sound%20OR%20film%20OR%20movie%20-intitle%3A%22produced|producing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 570], This beautifully produced film was introduced in 2003.
  4. (mathematics) To extend an area, or lengthen a line. to produce a side of a triangle
  5. (obsolete) To draw out; to extend; to lengthen or prolong. to produce a man's life to threescore {{rfquotek}}
related terms:
  • producer
  • product
  • production
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈpɹɒdjuːs/, /ˈpɹɒd͡ʒuːs/
  • (US) /ˈpɹoʊ.dus/, /ˈpɹɑ.dus/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Items produced.
  2. Amount produced.
  3. Harvested agricultural goods collectively, especially vegetables and fruit, but possibly including eggs, dairy products and meat; the saleable food products of farms.
    • 1852, F. Lancelott, Australia As It Is: Its Settlements, Farms and Gold Fields, page 151, All fruits, vegetables, and dairy and poultry-yard produce are, in the Australian capitals, dear, and of very easy sale.
    • 1861, William Westgarth, Australia: Its Rise, Progress, and Present Condition, page 54, Taking a retrospect, then, of fourteen years preceding 1860, and making two periods of seven years each, the value of the exports of the produce or manufactures of this country to Australia has been, for the annual average of the first seven years, 1846-52, 2½ millions sterling; while for the second period, 1856-59, the annual average has been 11 millions.
    • 1999, Bruce Brown, Malcolm McKinnon, New Zealand in World Affairs, 1972-1990, page 291, While it is true that New Zealand′s economic stake in the region [of Oceania] remained relatively small when compared with the major markets for New Zealand produce in Australia, Asia, North America and Europe, it nevertheless remained the region through which trade must pass on its way to these larger markets.
    • 2008, Peter Newman, Isabella Jennings, Cities As Sustainable Ecosystems: Principles and Practices, page 230, A farm supervisor is employed to coordinate the planting and harvesting of produce by volunteers.
  4. Offspring.
  5. (Australia) Livestock and pet food supplies.
Frequently used in the collocation , since c. 1960, specifically in the sense “fruits and vegetables”.[ Why do you call it “the produce aisle”?]
  • (items produced) output, product
  • {{rank}}
  • crouped
producer {{wikipedia}} etymology en + produce + -er pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹəˈdjuːsə/
  • (US) /pɹəˈduːsɚ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (economics) An individual or organization that creates goods and services.
  2. One who produce an artistic production like a CD, a theater production, a film, a TV program and so on.
  3. (biology) An organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple molecules and an external source of energy.
  4. (UK, slang) An arrest for speeding after which the driver is allowed seven days in which to produce his/her driving licence and related document at a police station.
  5. (archaic) A furnace for producing combustible gas for fuel.
  • procured
product etymology Latin prōductus, perfect participle of prōdūcō, first attested in English in the mathematics sense. pronunciation
    • (UK) /ˈpɹɒd.ʌkt/
    • (US) /ˈpɹɑd.ʌkt/, /ˈpɹɑd.əkt/
    • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, uncountable) A commodity offered for sale. exampleThat store offers a variety of products.&emsp; We've got to sell a lot of product by the end of the month.
  2. (cosmetics, uncountable) Any preparation to be applied to the hair, skin, nails, etc. exampleWash excess product out of your hair.
  3. Anything that is produced; a result. exampleThe product of last month's quality standards committee is quite good, even though the process was flawed.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) the product of those ill-mated marriages.
    • Edmund Burke (1729-1797) These institutions are the products of enthusiasm.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    1. The amount of an artifact that has been created by someone or some process. exampleThey improve their product every year; they export most of their agricultural production.
    2. A consequence of someone's efforts or of a particular set of circumstances. exampleSkill is the product of hours of practice.&emsp; His reaction was the product of hunger and fatigue.
    3. (chemistry) A chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction. exampleThis is a product of lime and nitric acid.
    4. (arithmetic) A quantity obtained by multiplication of two or more numbers. exampleThe product of 2 and 3 is 6.&emsp; The product of 2, 3, and 4 is 24.
    5. (mathematics) Any operation or a result thereof which generalises multiplication of numbers, like the multiplicative operation in a ring, product of types or a categorical product.
    6. Any tangible or intangible good or service that is a result of a process and that is intended for delivery to a customer or end user.
      • The future of retail banking in Europe, page 146, Oonagh McDonald, Kevin Keasey, 2002, “Product innovation is needed to meet changes in society and its requirements for particular types of banking product.”
      • E-business and e-challenges, page 133, Veljko Milutinović, Frédéric Patricelli, 2002, “This sort of relationship can improve quality of transportation and can help in negotiations between transportation providers and transportation product users.”
      • Software project management for dummies, page 55, Teresa Luckey, Joseph Phillips, 2006, “You can't create a stellar software product unless you know what it is supposed to do. You must work with the stakeholders to create the product scope.”
  4. (US, slang) Illegal drugs, especially cocaine, when viewed as a commodity. exampleI got some product here – you buying? 〈I got some product here – you buying?〉
  • Adjectives often applied to "product": excellent, good, great, inferior, crappy, broken, defective, cheap, expensive, reliable, safe, dangerous, useful, valuable, useless, domestic, national, agricultural, industrial, financial.
Synonyms: (items for sale) merchandise, wares, goods, (amount created by a process) production, output, creation, yield
related terms:
  • produce
  • producer
  • production
prof pronunciation
  • (US) prɑf
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A professor
    • {{quote-news}}
profane etymology From Middle French prophane, from Latin profānus, from pro- + fanum. pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹəˈfeɪn/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Unclean; ritually impure; unholy, desecrating a holy place or thing.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh Nothing is profane that serveth to holy things.
  2. Not sacred or holy, unconsecrated; relating to non-religious matters, secular.
    • I. Disraeli profane authors
    • Gibbon The profane wreath was suspended before the shrine.
  3. Treating sacred things with contempt, disrespect, irreverence, or undue familiarity; blasphemous, impious. Hence, specifically; Irreverent in language; taking the name of God in vain; given to swear; blasphemous; as, a profane person, word, oath, or tongue. a profane person, word, oath, or tongue
    • Bible, 1 Timothy 1:9 … the law is not laid down for the just but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane
Synonyms: (obscene) vulgar, inappropriate, obscene, debased, uncouth, offensive, ignoble, mean, lewd, secular, temporal, worldly, unsanctified, unhallowed, unholy, irreligious, irreverent, ungodly, wicked, godless, impious
  • holy
  • sacred
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person or thing that is profane.
    • 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society 1985, p. 244: The nuns were employed in religious duties established in honour of St Clare, and to which no profane was ever admitted.
  2. (freemasonry) A person not a Mason.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To violate, as anything sacred; to treat with abuse, irreverence, obloquy, or contempt; to desecrate; to pollute; as, to profane the name of God; to profane the Scriptures, or the ordinance of God.
    • 1851, , , With one mind, their intent eyes all fastened upon the old man’s knife, as he carved the chief dish before him. I do not suppose that for the world they would have profaned that moment with the slightest observation, even upon so neutral a topic as the weather.
  2. (transitive) To put to a wrong or unworthy use; to make a base employment of; to debase; to abuse; to defile.
  • consecrate
  • sanctify
related terms:
  • profanation
  • profanity
profanity {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: prophanity (hypercorrect) etymology profane + ity
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The quality of being profane. exampleHis profanity left the entire audience in shock.
  2. (countable) Obscene, lewd or abusive language.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleHe ran up and down the street screaming profanities like a madman.
professional student
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: professional, student
  2. (pejorative, US) Someone who takes college classes to avoid having to assume adult responsibilities after graduating from high school
professor {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: professour (archaic) etymology From xno proffessur, from Latin professor, from the past participle stem of profiteor. pronunciation
  • (RP) /pɹəˈfɛsə/
  • (GenAm) /pɹəˈfɛsɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A teacher or faculty member at a college or university.
  2. A higher ranking for a teacher or faculty member at a college or university. Abbreviated Prof.
  3. An honorific title for a higher ranking teacher. (Capitalised) Professor Plum or Prof. Plum.
  4. (archaic) One who profess.
    • 1897, Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers (transl.) The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, Introduction, p. v: This period in which Abraham the Jew lived was one in which Magic was almost universally believed in, and in which its Professors were held in honour;
  5. (US, slang) A pianist in a saloon, brothel, etc.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 415: You could hear [...] pianos under the hands of whorehouse professors sounding like they came with keys between the keys.
  6. The puppeteer who performs a Punch and Judy show; a Punchman.
Synonyms: prof
professorly etymology professor + ly
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, possibly nonstandard) Professorial; having the manner or appearance of a professor or professors.
    • 1973 January 21, Grace Glueck, "A Most Zeitgeist-y Affair," New York Times (retrieved 10 April 2013): The decorous, professorly group known as the College Art Association will descend on us this week for its 61st annual convention.
    • 1993 June 2, "Fine threads don't mean top profs, Tech study says," Roanoke Times: Of course the subjects weren't really professors, Davis said, just professorly looking men she had spotted.
    • 2005 February 22, , "Larger than life, a mystery in death," Tampa Bay Times (retrieved 10 April 2013): So, after doing my professorly duty and dispensing wisdom, I hang up with the reporter and stand in the middle of the dark bedroom.
    • 2009 January 12, Jon Blyth, "Jimmy Carr saved my life", The Guardian (UK) (retrieved 10 April 2013): Reading The God Delusion, on the other hand, all I did was nod furiously and point at myself, and perform a little professorly strut around the train carriage.
    • 2011 July 5, Eleanor Henderson, "Tumultuous Tales Of Loathing And Wit," National Public Radio (retrieved 10 April 2013): Often compared to Bellow and Roth, his prose reminds me more of Chabon's, but perhaps more avuncular, more, yes, professorly, shaping the male Jewish consciousness.
profiteer etymology From profit + eer pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) One who makes an unreasonable profit not justified by cost or risk.
related terms:
  • profiteering
  • profit monger
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To make an unreasonable profit not justified by cost or risk.
etymology 1 Abbreviations.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Abbreviation of progressive.
    • 2003, Frank Moriarty, Seventies Rock: The Decade of Creative Chaos Captain Beyond had tentatively dipped their toe in the uncharted American waters of prog rock, but in England, progression was the name of the game, with a host of bands elevating themselves ...
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) Progressive rock exampleHe listens to a lot of prog.
  2. (computing, informal) A program.
    • 2001, "", transfer progs from comp to comp (on newsgroup 24hoursupport.helpdesk) …is there some way to connect to my new comp so I can transfer some of the software progs
    • 2001, "Yoda", How do I get progs to run when linux 7.1 starts up? (on newsgroup linux.redhat)
    • 2003, "Leo Edwards", Automating the Windows backup prog to commence backups? (on newsgroup microsoft.public.win98.apps) I've looked around if I can get the prog to start a backup itself, but it still requires some manual commands.
  3. (UK, universities, slang, dated) proctor
etymology 2
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, obsolete) Victuals got by beg, or vagrancy; victuals of any kind; food; supplies. {{rfquotek}}
    • Robert Browning So long as he picked from the filth his prog.
  2. (slang, obsolete) A vagrant beggar; a tramp.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete, slang) To wander about and beg; to seek food or other supplies by low arts; to seek advantage by mean tricks.
    • Fuller a perfect artist in progging for money
    • Burke I have been endeavouring to prog for you.
  2. (obsolete, slang) To steal; to rob; to filch. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (Scotland) To prick; to goad; to progue.
{{Webster 1913}}
  • gorp
proggins etymology Diminutive of prog.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, universities, slang, dated) proctor
    • 1907, Arthur Stringer, The Loom of Destiny (page 142) And the Proggins! Isn't his velvet sleeves like a woman's?
    • 1992, Malcolm Graham, Images of Victorian Oxford (page 80) I got hold of his arm to take him to college, steering him with some difficulty. When we were opposite St. Mary's the cry of 'The proggins (proctor) is coming' was raised, and I saw him with the bulldogs about thirty yards in front of us.
Progressive Conservative {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, politics) a member of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
Synonyms: (abbreviation) PCer, PC, (informal) tory, Conservative
related terms:
  • Liberal-Conservative
  • Progressive
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Canada, politics) pertaining to the Progressive Conservative Party
Synonyms: (abbreviation) PC, (informal) tory, Conservative
related terms:
  • Liberal-Conservative
  • Progressive
projectile vomit
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To vomit with great expulsive force, so that the material expelled is projected away from the source.
prole etymology From proletariat by shortening pronunciation
  • /proʊl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A member of the proletariat
  2. (informal) A pleb (ordinary person).
  • poler
pro-lifer Alternative forms: prolifer etymology pro-life + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person with pro-life views, or who advocates such policies
Synonyms: antiabortionist, antichoicer (derogatory), fetus fetishist (derogatory), forced-birther (derogatory), right-to-lifer
  • profiler
prolix {{was wotd}} etymology From Old French prolixe, from Latin prōlixus. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈpɹəʊ.lɪks/
  • (US) /pɹoʊˈlɪks/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Tediously lengthy.
    • 1843, "Bossi—Necrologia G. C. Leonardo Sismondi.", vol. LXXII, issue CXLIV, p. 333, People who have blamed [Jean Charles Léonard de] Sismondi as unnecessarily prolix cannot have considered the crowd of details presented by the history of Italy.
  2. Tending to use big or obscure words, which few understand.
Synonyms: (tediously lengthy) bombastic, long-winded, verbose, wordy, See also
  • (tediously lengthy) concise, terse
prolly etymology {{clipping}} (clipped pronunciation). pronunciation
  • /ˈprɒ.li/
  • {{rhymes}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial, slang, notably Internet slang) eye dialect of probably I should prolly keep my eyes on the road.
Synonyms: prob'ly, probly
  • prolyl
promo pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈpɹəʊməʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) {{short for}}
  2. (professional wrestling slang) an interview or monologue intended to promote a character or an upcoming match.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, transitive) To promote; to publicize.
promote etymology From Latin prōmōtus, perfect passive participle of prōmoveō. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To raise (someone) to a more important, responsible, or remunerative job or rank. He promoted his clerk to office manager. Having crossed the chessboard, his pawn was promoted to a queen.
  2. To advocate or urge on behalf of (something or someone); to attempt to popularize or sell by means of advertising or publicity. They promoted the abolition of daylight saving time. They promoted the new film with giant billboards.
  3. To encourage, urge or incite
{{quote-Fanny Hill}}
  1. (sports, usually in passive form) To elevate to the above league. At the end of the season, three teams are promoted to the Premier League.
  2. (chemistry) To increase the activity of a catalyst by changing its surface structure
  3. (chess) To exchange a pawn for a queen or other piece when it reaches the 8th rank
  • (raise rank) demote, relegate
  • (advocate or urge on behalf of) denigrate, oppose
related terms:
  • promotion
  • protome
  • topomer
promposal Alternative forms: prom-posal etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An invitation, especially one which is made in an elaborate manner, in which the invitee is asked to accompany the inviter to a prom.
    • 2011 May 26, Zosia Bielski, "‘Promposals’ ratchet up the fun, and the competition," Globe and Mail (Canada) (retrieved 25 April 2013): Once posed as a timid "Will you go to prom with me?" in the locker room, the promposal is now an extravagant public affair: Think choreographed dance numbers, serenades, elaborate scavenger hunts and dramatic staging.
    • 2012 April 22, Beth J. Harpaz, "‘Prom-posal’: Clever, elaborate prom invite, Washington Times / AP (retrieved 25 April 2013): Rebecca Leet, 17, had an audience of more than 250 people for a prom-posal from her boyfriend, Joe Nelson, 18.
    • 2013 April 16, William Wolfe-Wylie, "It’s the season for promposals, the new trend in high school love," (retrieved 25 April 2013): Promposals can mimic marriage proposals — dropping down to one knee, and all that — or they can be more fun. Most appear to simply spell “prom?” in a creative way, and involve flowers.
related terms:
  • prompose
promzilla Alternative forms: Promzilla etymology prom + zilla
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (usually humorous) A teenage girl who is exceptionally obsessed with preparing for her prom and ensuring it turns out the way she envisions.
    • 2009, Crystal Hamilton & Eboni Merriman, "The prom race", Chesterfield Observer, 6 May 2009: "Things get crazy around this time. Girls you never thought would ever go through such extremes have turned into promzillas," said Monacan senior Amanda Hairston.
  • {{seemoreCites}}
pronounciate etymology By confusion of pronounce with pronunciation.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) to pronounce.
Generally considered incorrect or misspelt.
proof {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English proof, from Old French prove, from ll proba, from Latin probare; see prove. pronunciation
  • /pɹuːf/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) An effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial.
    • 1591, , Prosopopoia: or, Mother Hubbard's Tale, later also published in , Humorous Poems, But the false Fox most kindly played his part, For whatsoever mother-wit or art Could work he put in proof. No practice sly, No counterpoint of cunning policy, No reach, no breach, that might him profit bring. But he the same did to his purpose wring.
    • c. 1633, , , Act 1, Scene 1, France I more praise and love; you are, my lord, Yourself for horsemanship much famed; and there You shall have many proofs to shew your skill.
    • 1831, , A System of Chemistry of Inorganic Bodies, Volume 2, A given quantity of the spirits was poured upon a quantity of gunpowder in a dish and set on fire. If at the end of the combustion, the gunpowder continued dry enough, it took fire and exploded; but if it had been wetted by the water in the spirits, the flame of the alcohol went out without setting the powder on fire. This was called the proof.
  2. (uncountable) The degree of evidence which convinces the mind of any truth or fact, and produces belief; a test by facts or arguments which induce, or tend to induce, certainty of the judgment; conclusive evidence; demonstration.
    • c.1603, , , I'll have some proof.
    • 1841, , in Essays: First Series, It was a grand sentence of Emanuel Swedenborg, which would alone indicate the greatness of that man's perception, — "It is no proof of a man's understanding to be able to confirm whatever he pleases; but to be able to discern that what is true is true, and that what is false is false, this is the mark and character of intelligence."
    • 1990 October 16, , "Proof" in , , Faith, faith is an island in the setting sun But proof, yes Proof is the bottom line for everyone
  3. The quality or state of having been proved or tried; firmness or hardness which resists impression, or doesn't yield to force; impenetrability of physical bodies.
  4. (obsolete) Experience of something.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.1: But the chaste damzell, that had never priefe / Of such malengine and fine forgerye, / Did easely beleeve her strong extremitye.
  5. (uncountable, obsolete) Firmness of mind; stability not to be shaken.
  6. (countable, printing) A proof sheet; a trial impression, as from type, taken for correction or examination.
  7. (countable, logic, mathematics) A sequence of statements consisting of axiom, assumptions, statements already demonstrated in another proof, and statements that logically follow from previous statements in the sequence, and which concludes with a statement that is the object of the proof.
  8. (countable, mathematics) A process for testing the accuracy of an operation performed. Compare prove, transitive verb, 5.
  9. (obsolete) Armour of excellent or tried quality, and deemed impenetrable; properly, armour of proof. {{rfquotek}}
  10. (US) A measure of the alcohol content of liquor. Originally, in Britain, 100 proof was defined as 57.1% by volume (not used anymore). In the US, 100 proof means that the alcohol content is 50% of the total volume of the liquid, and thus, absolute alcohol would be 200 proof.
  • artist's proof
  • conditional proof
  • printer's proof
  • proof reader
  • working proof
related terms:
  • burden of proof
  • proof of concept
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Used in proving or testing. a proof load; a proof charge
  2. Firm or successful in resisting. proof against harm waterproof; bombproof.
    • 1671, , , 1820, Dr Aiken (biographies), Select Works of the British Poets, page 125, And opportunity I here have had / To try thee, sift thee, and confess have found thee / Proof against all temptation as a rock / Of adamant, and, as a centre, firm :
    • 1790, , Reflections on the Revolution in France, 1803, The Works of The Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Volume 5, page426, This was a good, ſtout proof article of faith, pronounced under an anathema, by the venerable fathers of this philoſophick ſynod.
  3. (of alcoholic liquors) Being of a certain standard as to alcohol content.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To proofread.
  2. (transitive) To make resistant, especially to water.
  3. (transitive, cooking) To allow to rise (of yeast-containing dough).
  4. (transitive, cooking) To test the activeness of (yeast).
propeller head etymology {{rfe}} {{rfi}} Alternative forms: propellor head, propeller-head, propellerhead
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The hub of a propeller
  2. The central part of a propeller, into which the blade fit
  3. (informal) A person deeply absorbed in an academic field or technical interest, especially to the exclusion of social activities.
Synonyms: (person absorbed in an academic field or technical interest) nerd
proper {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: propre (obsolete) etymology From xno proper, propre, Old French propre (French: propre), and their source, Latin proprius. pronunciation
  • (Australia) /ˈprɔp.ə/
  • (UK) /ˈpɹɒ.pə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈpɹɑ.pɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (heading) Suitable.
    1. Suited or acceptable to the purpose or circumstances; fit, suitable. {{defdate}} examplethe proper time to plant potatoes
      • Alexander Pope (1688-1744) The proper study of mankind is man.
      • {{quote-magazine}}
    2. Following the established standard of behavior or manners; correct or decorous. {{defdate}} examplea very proper young lady
      • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking.…Indeed, all his features were in large mold, like the man himself, as though he had come from a day when skin garments made the proper garb of men.
  2. (heading) Possessed, related.
    1. (grammar) Used to designate a particular person, place, or thing. Proper words are usually written with an initial capital letter. {{defdate}}
    2. Pertaining exclusively to a specific thing or person; particular. {{defdate}}
      • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, II.1.3: They have a proper saint almost for every peculiar infirmity: for poison, gouts, agues{{nb...}}.
      • Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) those high and peculiar attributes…which constitute our proper humanity
    3. (archaic) Belonging to oneself or itself; own. {{defdate}}
      • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) my proper son
      • John Dryden (1631-1700) Now learn the difference, at your proper cost, / Betwixt true valour and an empty boast.
      • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, II.4.1.ii: every country, and more than that, every private place, hath his proper remedies growing in it, particular almost to the domineering and most frequent maladies of it.
      • 1946, Bertrand Russell, A History of Western Philosophy, I.20: Each animal has its proper pleasure, and the proper pleasure of man is connected with reason.
    4. (heraldry) Portrayed in natural or usual coloration, as opposed to conventional tinctures. {{defdate}}
    5. (mathematics, physics) Eigen-; designating a function or value which is an eigenfunction or eigenvalue. {{defdate}}
  3. (heading) Accurate, strictly applied.
    1. Excellent, of high quality; such as the specific person or thing should ideally be. (Now often merged with later senses.) {{defdate}} exampleNow that was a proper breakfast.
    2. (now regional) Attractive, elegant. {{defdate}}
      • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts of the Apostles VII: The same tyme was Moses borne, and was a propper {{transterm}} childe in the sight of God, which was norisshed up in his fathers housse thre monethes.
    3. In the very strict sense of the word (now often as postmodifier). {{defdate}}
      • {{RQ:Joyce Ulysses}}, Episode 16: Though unusual in the Dublin area he knew that it was not by any means unknown for desperadoes who had next to nothing to live on to be abroad waylaying and generally terrorising peaceable pedestrians by placing a pistol at their head in some secluded spot outside the city proper{{nb...}}.
    4. (now colloquial) Utter, complete. {{defdate}} exampleWhen I realized I was wearing my shirt inside out, I felt a proper fool.
Synonyms: (fit, suitable) correct, right, apt, prudent, sensible, fitting, (correct, decorous) appropriate, decent, good, polite, right, well-mannered, (fitting, right) appropriate, just, honorable, (complete, thorough) comprehensive, royal, sweeping, intensive, (true) full, complete, (informal: utter) complete, right (informal), total, utter
  • (fit, suitable) incorrect, wrong, bad, imprudent, insensible
  • (correct, decorous) inappropriate, indecent, bad, impolite, wrong, ill-mannered, unseemly
  • (fitting, right) inappropriate, unjust, dishonorable
  • (complete, thorough) partial, incomplete, superficial, slapdash
  • (true) incomplete
related terms:
  • propriety
  • properly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (Scotland) properly; thoroughly; completely
    • 1964, Saint Andrew Society (Glasgow, Scotland), The Scots magazine: Volume 82 Don't you think you must have looked proper daft?
  2. (nonstandard, slang) properly
    • 2012, Soufside, Hello (song) When I meet a bad chick, know I gotta tell her hello talk real proper, but she straight up out the ghetto
  • {{rank}}
  • per pro
properly Alternative forms: proprely etymology proper + ly pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. in a proper manner
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. (obsolete) individual; in one's own manner Now herkenyth how I bar me properly. — Chaucer.
etymology 1
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of proper
etymology 2 Elision and pluralisation of proper respect
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) proper treatment, respect
    • {{quote-song }}
Prop H8
proper noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory, politics) The California proposition which restricted marriage to one woman and one man.
prophy etymology Short for prophylaxis.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, veterinary medicine) Cleaning and polishing of an animal's teeth.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of proportion
  2. (informal) A person's figure.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of proportion
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of prop
  2. (slang) "proper respect" or "proper recognition" for another person; an expression of approval or a special acknowledgment; accolade or accolade; praise. I've got to give props to Roger for the way he handled that situation.
    • Barack Obama (speaking at Google) I also want to acknowledge state senator Elaine Alquist who is here... I always want to give her her props.
  3. (obsolete) A game of chance using four seashell (each called a prop).
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of prop
prop up the bar
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal, derogatory) To spend time drink alcohol at the bar in a pub.
proselytute etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A person given to excessive religious proselytizing.
pro skirt
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A prostitute.
prospective etymology From Middle French prospectif, from ll prospectivus
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Likely or expected to happen or become. Prospective students are those who have already applied to the university, but have yet to be admitted.
  2. Anticipated in the near or far future.
  3. Of or relating to a prospect; furnishing a prospect.
    • Milton Time's long and dark prospective glass.
  4. Looking forward in time; acting with foresight.
    • Sir J. Child The French king and king of Sweden are circumspect, industrious, and prospective, too, in this affair.
  5. (medicine, of research) That has a sufficient population size to produce reliable data over a sufficient period
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The scene before or around, in time or in space; view; prospect. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (obsolete) A perspective glass. {{rfquotek}} {{rfquotek}}
  3. (informal, often plural) A prospective (potential) member, student, employee, date, partner, etc. Would you like to show the prospective around? I'm meeting the prospectives at 3.
    • 2006, Verve: The Spirit of Today's Woman, volume 14, issues 4-6, page 114: At the moment, meeting interesting, 'could be, maybe not' prospectives around the globe keeps her entertained.
prossie etymology Diminutive with -ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A prostitute.
Synonyms: prozzie
prossy etymology Diminutive of prostitute with -y.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) prostitute
Synonyms: prosty, tart, whore
prostitot etymology {{blend}} Alternative forms: prosti-tot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, North America, slang) A prepubescent girl (generally 10-14 years of age) who emulates the overtly sexual fashions and attitudes of twentysomething women such as pop star.
Synonyms: jailbait
prostitute {{wikipedia}} etymology From Latin prōstitutus, past participle of prōstituō, from pro + statuo. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈprɒstɪtjuːt/
  • (US) /ˈprɑːstətuːt/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who performs sexual activity for payment, especially a woman I currently work as a prostitute in order to pay off my university debts.
  2. A person who is perceived as engaging in sexual activity with many people.
  3. A person who does, or offers to do, an activity for money, despite personal dislike or dishonour.
  • The noun , in its sexual senses, does not necessarily refer to a woman; nonetheless, it primarily refers to women. Therefore, when the referent is a man, this is frequently made explicit by using the adjective male, even in contexts where the referent's sex is already clear. For example, the phrasing "he became a prostitute" is quite correct, but the phrasing "he became a male prostitute" is just as common, despite its seeming redundancy. However, occurs only in the sexual senses, especially the central literal sense of "one who performs sexual activity for payment"; in non-sexual senses, is gender-neutral.
Synonyms: (person who performs sexual activity for payment) See also , (person perceived as engaging in sexual activity) See also , , (person who does an activity for money) sell out
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, usually reflexively) To perform sexual activity for money
  2. (transitive) To make another person, or organisation, prostitute themselves.
    • Bible, Leviticus xix. 29 Do not prostitute thy daughter.
  3. (transitive, derogatory) To use one's talent in return for money or fame
  4. (figuratively) To exploit for base purposes; to whore. Yet again a commercial firm had prostituted a traditional song by setting an advertising jingle to its tune.
related terms:
  • prostitution
prosty Alternative forms: prostie etymology Shortened from prostitute. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A prostitute.
Synonyms: prossy (UK), tart (UK), whore
  • sporty
protobird etymology proto + bird
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any of several extinct animal proposed as an evolutionary link between fossil reptile and fossil bird; a proavian.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of protract
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual. a protracted and bitter dispute
noun: {{head}}
  1. (informal) The
  2. plural of Provo
prowl etymology From Middle English prollen, of unknown origin. pronunciation
  • /praʊl/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To rove over, through, or about in a stealthy manner; especially, to search in, as for prey or booty.
    • Sir Philip Sidney He prowls each place, still in new colours decked.
    Watch the lioness prowling in the shrubbery for zebras. It's tough to sneak vandalism into Wikipedia as there are plenty of other users prowling the Recent Changes page.
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. To idle; to go about aimlessly. That dandy has nothing better to do than prowl around town all day in his pinstripe suit.
  3. (obsolete) To collect by plunder. to prowl money
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The act of prowling. I'm going on a midnight prowl. {{rfquotek}}
prowl car Alternative forms: prowl-car
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, dated, slang) A police patrol car.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 106: I said: ‘Let the prowl car pass up the hill. They'll think we moved over when we heard the siren.’
Synonyms: radio car, cruiser
proxy {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /pɹɒ
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Contraction of xno procuracie, from Malayalam procuratia, from Latin procuratio.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Used as a proxy or acting as a proxy. a proxy indicator a proxy measurement
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An agent or substitute authorize to act for another person.
    • Blackstone Every peer … may make another lord of parliament his proxy, to vote for him in his absence.
  2. The authority to act for another, especially when written.
    • Burke I have no man's proxy: I speak only for myself.
  3. The written appointment of a proctor in suit in the ecclesiastical court. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (sciences) A measurement of one physical quantity that is used as an indicator of the value of another
  5. (software) An interface for a service, especially for one that is remote, resource-intensive, or otherwise difficult to use directly.
Synonyms: deputy, substitute, representative, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To serve as a proxy for.
    • 1983, Alfred Blumstein, National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Sentencing Research, Research on Sentencing: The Search for Reform, page 143 In many of the studies we reviewed, it is common practice to use an observed variable to proxy for a relevant variable that could not be observed.
  2. (networking) To function as a server for a client device, but pass on the requests to another server for service.
etymology 2 proximity + -y
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gaming, slang) A proximity mine; a mine that explodes when something approaches within a certain distance.
    • 2001, "TripleRaid", Perfect Dark: Glitch FAQ (Make sure you don't move!! Might trigger a proxy..!)
    • 2001, "CyricZ", Perfect Dark: FAQ/Walkthrough the only means the Protectors have of delaying is by laying mines and Sentry Guns, and the Runners can only use the Magnums to blow up Proxies and Sentries.
    • 2002, "yc", Super Smash Bros.: Kirby Usually, the only reason I play in Yoshi's Island is to have fun with the clouds - put proxies on them, taunt from them, whatever.
    • 2006, "eatyourmumshead", Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell Chaos Theory: Online Mode FAQ You can also walk with your gun out, as this will limit your speed, allowing you do [sic] evade the proxies.
Synonyms: proxy mine
proxy mine
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gaming, slang, weapons) A proximity mine; a mine that explodes when something approaches within a certain distance.
    • 2000: "twopinacoladas", review of The World is not Enough In mid night departure (forest with the air control) base the frame rate ''SUCKS'' out side far worse then PD with 4 players 8 sims and proxy mines.
    • 2002: "yc", Super Smash Bros. Melee: Marth Proxy mines are always good because the computer doesn't seem to defend against them.
    • 2004: "TerranRedneck", review of Custom Robo Pods are like "little buddies" that help you out. Some buzz around your rivals head obscuring his vision and annoying him, some serve as proxy mines, while others simply bounce off the walls blowing up on the first bot they meet.
    • 2006: "ProtectorOne", Perfect Dark: Multiplayer Scenario FAQ The proxy mines detonate when anyone comes near them (including the one who set the mine) and are absolutely wonderful for laying traps.
    • 2007: "UnknownMercernary", Die Hard: Vendetta: FAQ/Walkthrough If you get too close it'll trigger. Shoot it from a safe distance and it will blow up. [...] Leave the room and go through the door that was previously protected by a proxy mine.
Synonyms: proxy
proxy server {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) A hardware server that acts as an intermediary between a user and another server, usually on the Internet.
Prozacked etymology Prozac + ed
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Treated with the antidepressant drug Prozac (fluoxetine).
prozzie etymology Diminutive with -ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A prostitute.
Synonyms: prossie
Pru etymology Shortening of Prudential.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK, informal, with the) , a financial services company based in the United Kingdom.
    • 1991, The Economist So, against its original aims in buying the firm — but convinced by Mr Ball that this was the direction in which to go — the Pru followed.
    • 1995, Kathleen Sharp, In Good Faith Also during the 1990s, the Pru aggressively jumped into the group insurance business, the purchase by companies of insurance policies for groups of workers.
    • 2006, Frances Brassington, Stephen Pettitt, Principles of marketing In B2B situations where The Pru and Equitable Life jointly provide products, the business has tended to shift towards The Pru.
  • PUR
prune {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /pɹuːn/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old French prune, from vl , feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum, from Ancient Greek προῦνον 〈proûnon〉, variant of προῦμνον 〈proûmnon〉, a loanword from a language of Asia Minor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A plum.
  2. The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
  3. (slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.
Synonyms: see
etymology 2 From Old French proignier, earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus 'to round-off the front'.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive. A good grape grower will prune his vines once a year.
    • Milton Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material). to prune a budget, or an essay
    • Francis Bacon taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
  3. (obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
    • Shakespeare His royal bird / Prunes the immortal wing and cloys his beak.
    {{rfquotek}} {{rfquotek}}
  • Perun
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, prison, slang) An improvised alcoholic drink made by ferment whatever ingredient are available.
PS2 {{slim-wikipedia}}
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (video games) Sony PlayStation 2
  2. (computing) misspelling of PS/2
  3. (software, publishing, typography) PostScript level 2
Synonyms: (Sony) PSX2 (dated) ; PSY (dated)
related terms:
  • (Sony) PSX , PSP , PS1 , PS3
  • (publishing) PS , PS1 , PS3 , EPS
pseudo etymology From pseudo-. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈs(j)uːdəʊ/
  • (US) /ˈsuːdoʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An intellectually pretentious person; a pseudointellectual.
  2. A poseur; one who is fake.
  3. (travel industry, informal) pseudo-city code
  4. (Internet) A pseudonym; a false name used for online anonymity.
    • 2011, Divina Frau-Meigs, Media Matters in the Cultural Contradictions of the "Information Society" (page 299) Issues such as verifiability (for age declared), anonymity (in spite of pseudos and avatars) and traceability are at stake…
  5. {{short for}}
related terms:
  • pseud - variant
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Other than what is apparent, a sham.
  2. Insincere.
  3. Spurious.
  • does up, souped
Pseudomacedonism etymology pseudo + Macedonism. For more, see Macedonia.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, derogatory) The practice of appropriating to Slavic Macedonia the name, symbolism and history of ancient (Greek) Macedonia.
    • 2007 July 15, The Pseudomacedonian Fascism, in, Usenet: The unity of selected, falsified cultural heritages of the subjugated peoples represents the muddy historical ground for Pseudomacedonism.
    • 2008 August 24, "Black Athena's" ethnic genocide of the ethnic Macedonians, in soc.culture.greek, Usenet: … the holy "truths" of the Pseudomacedonism, the crucial among which is the claim that today´s "Makedonci" of FYROM are direct descendants of Alexander's …
    • {{seemoreCites}}

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