The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


ralph pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To vomit.
ralphie Alternative forms: rafie etymology From Ralph Gardeners High School in North Shields which had a past reputation as a bad school. pronunciation
  • /rɑːrˈfi/
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Geordie, pejorative) A scruffy school child.
  • harelip
Rambino etymology From the currency's abbreviation, RMB.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The Chinese unit of currency, the yuan.
  • bromian
ramble etymology An altered form (with dissimilation of mm to mb) of dial. rammle, from Middle English *ramelen, frequentive of ramen; compare Old Swedish rambla, Danish ramle; see roam. "mid-15 c., perhaps frequentative of 'romen' 'to walk, go' perhaps via 'romblen' (late 14 c.) 'to ramble.' The vowel change perhaps by influence of Middle Dutch 'rammelen,' a derivative of 'rammen' 'copulate,' 'used of the night wanderings of the amorous cat.' Meaning 'to talk or write incoherently' is from 1630's" ( pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A leisurely stroll; a recreational walk in the countryside.
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility, chapter 16 Marianne was prevailed upon to join her sisters in their usual walk, instead of wandering away by herself. Hitherto she had carefully avoided every companion in her rambles. If her sisters intended to walk on the downs, she directly stole away towards the lanes
    • 1835, William Gilmore Simms, The Partisan, Harper, Chapter XI, page 138, “The place was a favourite with all, and the ramble in this quarter was quite a regular custom of the afternoon with the fair heiress of Colonel Walton in particular.”
  2. A rambling; an instance of someone talking at length without direction.
  3. (mining) A bed of shale over the seam of coal. {{rfquotek}}
  4. A section of woodland suitable for leisurely walking.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To move about aimlessly, or on a winding course
  2. To walk for pleasure; to amble or saunter.
  3. To talk or write incessantly, unclearly, or incoherently, with many digression. Francine has a tendency to ramble when it gets to be late in the evening.
Synonyms: (talk or write unclearly, or incoherently) drivel, sperg
  • ambler
  • blamer
  • marble
rambunctious Alternative forms: rambunxious (rare) etymology Possibly alteration of rumbustious. pronunciation
  • /ɹæmˈbʌŋkʃəs/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, chiefly, North American) Energetic, noisy, boisterous and difficult to control. The kids are being especially rambunctious today.
    • 2002, , WIGU Adventures Mrs. Tinkle, your son’s rambunctious behavior is quite common in children with unusually high intelligence levels.
ramen Alternative forms: lamen etymology From Japanese ラーメン 〈rāmen〉, from cmn 拉麵 〈lā miàn〉 / 拉面 〈lā miàn〉. pronunciation {{wikipedia}}
  • (UK) /ɹɑːmən/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style)
  2. A type of instant noodles
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (Pastafarianism, humorous) amen
    • 2005, Mel Sharples, Prayer In City Council Meetings??, ott.general: [...] For thine is the colander, the noodle, and the sauce, forever and ever. RAmen.
    • 2006,, A Pastafarian's prayer, alt.atheism: [...] For thine are Meatballs, and the beer, and the strippers, for ever and ever. RAmen.
    • 2006, Roger Bryant, Re: Is this all?, alt.religion.pastafarianism: They will let me wear The Chosen Attire at work, however. Ramen.
    • 2008, Terry, Re: We do not have a 'soul' = an immaterial and immortal piece, alt.agnosticism: No, no, no! Until YOU stand before His Noodliness when you die. And if you do not believe in the Flying Spaghetti Monster (RAmen brother!) then you will not get to partake of the beer volcanoes, nor enjoy the strippers in Heaven.
    • 2008, DuhIdiot, Re: Let's sanitize song lyrics by removing references to religious garbage, alt.atheism: YHWH" = tetragrammaton. "FSM" = tetrazziniton. Ramen.
    • 2009, JFlexer, MAN PRAYS TO FLYING SPAGHETTI MONSTER (plus other March 4 Shorts), alt.gossip.celebrities: May the Fork be with you... RAmen.
  • namer
  • reman
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of ram
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Filled to capacity with people.
Synonyms: packed
  • dammer
rammy etymology From ram + y. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹami/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (now UK regional) Of a food, taste, odour etc.: like a ram; pungent, rank.
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, II.ii.1.1: Galen takes exception at mutton, but without question he means that rammy mutton which is in Turkey and Asia Minor […].
  2. (US, colloquial) Frisky, lecherous.
ramrod {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Device used with early firearm to push the projectile up against the propellant.
  2. Ranch or trail foreman, usually the first or second person in charge. The person responsible for getting the work done.
  3. (military) A World War II code name for short range fighter and bomber attacks to destroy ground targets, similar to circus attacks.
    • RAF Web - Air of Authority ... the squadron (No. 452) moved to Kenley in July 1941 and took part in the usual round of Circus, Rhubarb and Ramrod missions.
  4. (slang) The penis.
    • Gina McQueen, Opposite Sex (page 78) Half a second after that, she had him totally pinned while he thrust at her crotch with his ramrod, going thud thud thud like a blind dog in a maze. Hitting everything but the entrance she craved.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To force. That new project manager is just the one to ramrod this through to completion.
rancid etymology From Latin rancidus, from ranceō (sense in Middle Latin), from whence also English rancor, in Latin used only in present participle rancens.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Being rank in taste or smell. The house was deserted, with a rancid half-eaten meal still on the dinner table.
  2. offensive His remarks were rancid; everyone got up and left.
  • Nouns to which "rancid" often gets applied: food, butter, meat, milk, fat, oil, smell, odor, taste.
related terms:
  • rancidification
  • rancidly
  • rancidness
  • rancor
etymology 1 From random
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) An arbitrary person with whom one has no shared social connection.
citations: {{seecites}}
etymology 2 From French randonnée.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to randonnee or uphill skiing.
  • adorn
  • and/or
  • andro
  • radon
random etymology From Middle English raundon, from Old French randon, from randir (whence French randonnée), from frk *, from Proto-Germanic *randijō, from Proto-Germanic *rinnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ren-. See run. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈrændəm/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A roving motion; course without definite direction; lack of rule or method; chance.
    • Robert Herrick (poet) (1591-1674) Counsels, when they fly / At random, sometimes hit most happily.
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) O, many a shaft, at random sent, / Finds mark the archer little meant!
  2. (obsolete) Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force. {{defdate}}
    • {{RQ:Mlry MrtDrthr}}: they were messagers vnto kyng Ban & Bors sent from kynge Arthur / therfor said the viij knyghtes ye shalle dye or be prysoners / for we ben knyghtes of kyng Claudas And therwith two of them dressid theire sperys / and Vlfyus and Brastias dressid theire speres and ranne to gyder with grete raundon
    • Edward Hall (1497-1547) For courageously the two kings newly fought with great random and force.
  3. (obsolete) The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range. {{defdate}}
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, page 144: Fortie yards will they shoot levell, or very neare the marke, and 120 is their best at Random.
  4. (figuratively, colloquial) An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence. {{defdate}} exampleThe party was boring. It was full of randoms.
  5. (mining) The direction of a rake-vein. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (speed; force) force, momentum, speed, velocity, (unimportant person) nobody, nonentity
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having unpredictable outcome and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation. The flip of a fair coin is purely random. The newspaper conducted a random sample of five hundred American teenagers. The results of the field survey look random by several different measures.
    • July 18 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Dark Knight Rises Where the Joker preys on our fears of random, irrational acts of terror, Bane has an all-consuming, dictatorial agenda that’s more stable and permanent, a New World Order that’s been planned out with the precision of a military coup.
  2. (mathematics) Of or relating to probability distribution. A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.
  3. (computing) Pseudorandom; mimicking the result of random selection. The rand function generates a random number from a seed.
  4. (somewhat colloquial) Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason. A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.
  5. (somewhat colloquial) Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause{{,}} or reason. That was a completely random comment. The teacher's bartending story was interesting, but random. The narrative takes a random course.
  6. (colloquial) Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequitur. You're so random!
Synonyms: (having unpredictable outcomes), (of or relating to probability distribution) stochastic, (pseudorandom) pseudorandom, (representative and undistinguished) average, typical, (lacking context) arbitrary, unexpected, unplanned
  • mandor, rodman
randomer etymology random + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A stranger; anybody; any old person.
    • 2009, "eamo", Longrow in Jim Murray's whisky bible 2007 (on newsgroup Is that an open invitation to all and sundry randomers?
    • 2011, "Korin", Ping (on newsgroup alt.gothic) For what it's worth, the majority of attendees aren't goths. But everyone still dances to whatever we play. There's something heartwarming about Art School students and randomers coming in off the street, bouncing about to The Horatii and TSOM b-sides …
Random Number God Alternative forms: random number god etymology Back-formed from the initialism RNG.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (roguelikes, humorous) The pseudorandom number generator used by a roguelike game's engine.
    • 1998, Chris Kern, Rules (was Re: Angband Rule Number One!),, Usenet Rule #1 of Angband is this: NEVER forget that you are a but a pathetic slave to the entity that is the Random Number God. The RNG will laugh in your face and taunt you in many ways. No matter how you may try to evade it or con it, it knows your deepest desires. You cannot hide from the RNG's mind what you are attempting to scum for. It can see your character sheet and find out what resists you are missing. It knows many insidious ways to inflict harm upon your psyche and drive you to emotional turmoil. The RNG is a marionette, and you are the slavering puppet. You will cry in relief when he gives you an artifact and then wail in despair while the RNG laughs at your pitiful failures. You CANNOT escape the horror.
    • 1999, Brandon Pitman, Re: [Z] Death by act of Random Number God,, Usenet
    • 2002, Eric Bock, [Zce] [YACD] Deception and temptation by the Random Number God,, Usenet Here's my current character, after a brief bout with a graveyard at 2400', and the tempting given me by the Random Number God to try to clear it, despite the certain death offered by closely encountering it.
    • 2002, John Hansen, Re: Random funny moments.,, Usenet The Random Number God at work again, I see.
randomosity etymology random + osity
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous, colloquial) The state of being random.
  • Usually used with the non-mathematical senses of the word.
Synonyms: (more common and more formal) randomness
Randroid etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A supporter of 's philosophies, particularly an overzealous one.
    • 2004, Tibor R. Machan, The Man Without A Hobby: Adventures of a Gregarious Egoist, Hamilton Books (2004), ISBN 9780761829461, page 107: At the same meeting I was interviewed by the philosopher and historian George Walsh, a follower of Ayn Rand. The interview turned out to be a disaster, for after it had already been scheduled Walsh heard from Harry Binswanger — a Randroid loyalist I used to call the Basil Rathbone of the Objectivist gang, since since he seemed to fit the image of a ruthless henchman — that I was a "liar."
    • 2007, Wayne Dwight Richards, Richard Ransdell, & LaDawna Word-Denslow, Dragon Drive: A Comedia Mundana, iUniverse (2007), ISBN 9780595474424, unnumbered pages: {{…}} She was a very unpleasant lady, and one of the most unpleasant things about her was that she was what you might call a 'born-again Randroid,' someone who'd taken Ayn Rand's teachings to such extremes that she made Rand herself look like a flaming liberal by comparison. You know the type?"
    • 2011, Cole Stryker, Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan's Army Conquered the Web, The Overlook Press (2011), ISBN 9781590207383, unnumbered page: Despite being populated by Randroids (Ayn Rand devotees) and sci-fi geeks, 4chan's literature board is another that continually surprises with clever content.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
randumb etymology {{blend}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Both random and stupid; having the nature of a foolish non sequitur.
ranga etymology Corruption of orangutan; popularised by the ABC television show, (2007). pronunciation
  • (AusE) /ɹæŋə/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, slang, pejorative) An orange-haired or red-haired person.
    • 2009, , Sons of the Rumour, [http//|%22rangas%22+red+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTD4T7_JG4apiAfD0bD_Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false unnumbered page], You′re looking down upon ‘rangas’ crossing at the traffic lights below. What a cheap but satisfying form of Dublin entertainment! With the sun out, the redheads of Dublin glow like copper wire.
    • 2010, , Punch & Judy: The Double Disillusion Election of 2010, Large Print 16pt Edition, [http//|%22rangas%22+red+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTD4T7_JG4apiAfD0bD_Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22ranga%22|%22rangas%22%20red%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page ii], Indeed, Julia Eileen Gillard may not even be the country′s first ranga prime minister; since all the old ones appear only in black and white, we can′t tell.
    • 2010, Katrina Nannestad, Red Dirt Diary, HarperCollins Australia, [http//|%22rangas%22+red+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_Db4T8iyOsOhiQfCvsjzBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false unnumbered page], Fez′s resolutions:… 3. I will not call Blue ‘Ranga Girl’.
Sometimes used as a nickname or epithet.
  • argan, grana
rank pronunciation
  • /ɹæŋk/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /ɹeɪŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rank, from Old English ranc, from Proto-Germanic *rankaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- 〈*h₃reǵ-〉. Cognate with Dutch rank, Low German rank, Danish rank, Swedish rank, Icelandic rakkur.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. Strong of its kind or in character; unmitigated; virulent; thorough; utter. examplerank treason;  rank nonsense
  2. Strong in growth; growing with vigour or rapidity, hence, coarse or gross. examplerank grass;  rank weeds
    • Bible, Book of Genesis xli. 5 And, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good.
    • 1944, Cecil Street , [ The Three Corpse Trick], 5 , “The hovel stood in the centre of what had once been a vegetable garden, but was now a patch of rank weeds. Surrounding this, almost like a zareba, was an irregular ring of gorse and brambles, an unclaimed vestige of the original common.”
  3. Suffering from overgrowth or hypertrophy; plethoric.
    • 1899, Joseph Conrad, , The moon had spread over everything a thin layer of silver—over the rank grass, over the mud, upon the wall of matted vegetation standing higher than the wall of a temple …
  4. Causing strong growth; producing luxuriantly; rich and fertile. examplerank land {{rfquotek}}
  5. Strong to the senses; offensive; noisome.
  6. Having a very strong and bad taste or odor. exampleYour gym clothes are rank, bro – when d’you last wash ’em? 〈Your gym clothes are rank, bro – when d’you last wash ’em?〉
    • Robert Boyle (1627-1691) Divers sea fowls taste rank of the fish on which they feed.
  7. Complete, used as an intensifier (usually negative, referring to incompetence). exampleI am a rank amateur as a wordsmith.
    • {{quote-news}}
  8. (informal) Gross, disgusting.
  9. (obsolete) Strong; powerful; capable of acting or being used with great effect; energetic; vigorous; headstrong.
  10. (obsolete) Inflamed with venereal appetite. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (bad odor) stinky, smelly
  • See also: pong (UK)
, See also: pong (UK), (complete) complete, utter
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (obsolete) Quickly, eagerly, impetuously.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iii: The seely man seeing him ryde so rancke, / And ayme at him, fell flat to ground for feare [...].
    • Fairfax That rides so rank and bends his lance so fell.
etymology 2 Middle English rank, from Old French reng, rang, ranc (Modern French rang), from frk hring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz, which is of uncertain origin. Akin to Old High German hring, ofs hring, Old English hring (Modern English ring), Old Norse hringr. More at ring.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A row of people or things organized in a grid pattern, often soldier [the corresponding term for the perpendicular columns in such a pattern is "file"]. The front rank kneeled to reload while the second rank fired over their heads.
    1. (chess) one of the eight horizontal lines of squares on a chessboard [the corresponding term for a vertical line is "file"].
  2. (music) In a pipe organ, a set of pipes of a certain quality for which each pipe corresponds to one key or pedal.
  3. One's position in a list sorted by a shared property such as physical location, population, or quality Based on your test scores, you have a rank of 23. The fancy hotel was of the first rank.
  4. {{anchor}}The level of one's position in a class-based society
  5. a level in an organization such as the military Private First Class (PFC) is the lowest rank in the Marines. He rose up through the ranks of the company from mailroom clerk to CEO.
  6. (taxonomy) a level in a scientific taxonomy system Phylum is the taxonomic rank below kingdom and above class.
  7. (linear algebra) Maximal number of linearly independent columns (or rows) of a matrix.
  8. The dimensionality of an array (computing) or tensor (mathematics).
  9. (chess) one of the eight horizontal lines of squares on a chessboard (i.e., those which run from letter to letter). The analog vertical lines are the file.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To place abreast, or in a line.
  2. To have a ranking. Their defense ranked third in the league.
  3. To assign a suitable place in a class or order; to classify.
    • I. Watts Ranking all things under general and special heads.
    • Broome Poets were ranked in the class of philosophers.
    • Dr. H. More Heresy is ranked with idolatry and witchcraft.
  4. (US) To take rank of; to outrank.
  • ARNK
  • knar
  • nark
rank and yank
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, business) A model of employee productivity in which workers are rank into the top 20 percent, the adequate 70 percent, or the bottom 10 percent, and those in the bottom group are fire.
ransomware {{wikipedia}} etymology ransom + ware
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) Malware that holds the data of a computer user for ransom.
    • 2008, Markus Jakobsson, Zulfikar Ramzan, Crimeware: Understanding New Attacks and Defenses‎, p. 375: The amount of money generated by ransomware schemes would appear to be quite small given their lack of popularity and the asking price in ransom notes...
  2. (computing, derogatory) Software that is released as open source only in exchange for payment.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) (ca. 1780-1850): A person whose penis is insufficiently long, in its 'relaxed' mode, to exceed the length of the scrotum
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A member of an alleged sect in the time of the English Commonwealth (1649–1660) who were regarded as heretical by the established church.
  2. (derogatory) One of the Primitive Methodists, who seceded from the Wesleyan Methodists on the ground of their deficiency in fervour and zeal.
related terms:
  • Ranterism
rap {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɹæp/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rap, rappe, of gmq origin, related to Norwegian rapp, Swedish rapp, Danish rap. Compare Old English hreppan. More at rape.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (countable) A sharp blow with something hard. The teacher gave the wayward pupil a rap across the knuckles with her ruler.
    • 1900, , The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II, He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (uncountable) Blame (for something). You can't act irresponsibly and then expect me to take the rap.
  3. (informal) A casual talk
  4. (uncountable) Rap music.
  5. A song, verse, or instance of singing in the style of rap music.
Synonyms: (blame) fall
etymology 2 From Middle English rappen, of gmq origin, related to Swedish rappa, German rappeln.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To strike something sharply with one's knuckle; knock.
    • 1845, Edgar Allan Poe, "": Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, ¶ Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, ¶ While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, ¶ As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. ¶ "'Tis some visitor", I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door — ¶ Only this, and nothing more."
    • 1900, , The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II, He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (transitive, dated) To strike with a quick blow; to knock on.
    • Prior With one great peal they rap the door.
  3. (metalworking) To free (a pattern) in a mould by light blows on the pattern, so as to facilitate its removal.
  4. (ambitransitive) To speak (lyrics) in the style of rap music. He started to rap after listening to the Beastie Boys He rapped a song to his girlfriend.
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. (informal, intransitive) To talk casually.
Synonyms: (strike something sharply with one's knuckles) knock
etymology 3 Uncertain.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A lay or skein containing 120 yard of yarn. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 4 Perhaps contracted from rapparee.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of the token that passed current for a halfpenny in Ireland in the early part of the eighteenth century; any coin of trifling value.
    • Jonathan Swift Many counterfeits passed about under the name of raps.
    • Mrs. Alexander Tie it [her money] up so tight that you can't touch a rap, save with her consent.
  2. A whit; a jot. I don't care a rap. That's not worth a rap.
  • APR, Apr., apr, ARP, arp, PAR, Par, par
rape {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɹeɪp/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Probably from Latin rapere (verb), xno rap, rape (noun) (from Latin rapere). But compare Swedish rappa, Low German rapen, Dutch rapen; the relationship with Germanic forms is not clear. Compare also rap."rape, v.2" and "rape, n.3" in the OED Online (Oxford University Press), [], [] (accessed September 12, 2012)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now, rare) The taking of something by force; seizure, plunder. {{defdate}}
    • 1712, Alexander Pope, The rape of the lock
    • {{rfdate}}, Sandys: Ruined orphans of thy rapes complain.
    • 1977, JRR Tolkien, The Silmarillion: Few of the Teleri were willing to go forth to war, for they remembered the slaying at the Swanhaven, and the rape of their ships.
  2. (now, archaic) The abduction of a woman, especially for sexual purposes. {{defdate}}
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, First Folio 1623, I.1: Sat. Traytor, if Rome haue law, or we haue power, / Thou and thy Faction shall repent this Rape. Bass. Rape call you it my Lord, to cease my owne, / My true betrothed Loue, and now my wife?
    • 2000, Mary Beard, The Guardian, 8 Sep 2000: The tale of the rape of Lucretia, for example, is hardly tellable - as many Roman writers themselves discovered - without raising the question of where seduction ends and rape begins; the rape of the Sabines puts a similar question mark over the distinction between rape and marriage.
  3. The act of forcing sexual intercourse upon another person without their consent or against their will; originally coitus forced by a man on a woman, but now any sex act forced by any person upon another person. {{defdate}}
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, II: I fled; but he pursued (though more, it seems, / Inflamed with lust than rage), and, swifter far, / Me overtook, his mother, all dismayed, / And, in embraces forcible and foul / Engendering with me, of that rape begot / These yelling monsters [...].
    • 1990, ‘Turning Victims into Saints’, Time, 22 Jan 1990: Last April the media world exploded in indignation at the rape and beating of a jogger in Central Park.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  4. (obsolete) That which is snatched away.
    • Sandys Where now are all my hopes? O, never more. / Shall they revive! nor death her rapes restore.
  5. (obsolete) Movement, as in snatching; haste; hurry.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To seize by force. (Now often with overtones of later senses.) {{defdate}}
    • 1978, Gore Vidal, Kalki: Dr Ashok's eyes had a tendency to pop whenever he wanted to rape your attention.
    • 1983, Alasdair Gray, ‘Logopandocy’, Canongate 2012 (Every Short Story 1951-2012), p. 136: It is six years since my just action to reclaim the armaments raped from here by the Lairds of Dalgetty and Tolly ….
  2. (transitive) To carry (someone, especially a woman) off against their will, especially for sex; to abduct. {{defdate}}
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.10: Paridell rapeth Hellenore: / Malbecco her pursewes: / Findes emongst Satyres, whence with him / To turne she doth refuse.
    • 1718, Alexander Pope, translating Homer, The Iliad: A Princess rap’d transcends a Navy storm'd.
  3. (chiefly, transitive) To force sexual intercourse or other sexual activity upon (someone) without their consent. {{defdate}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 2007, Kunda: The Story of a Child Soldier (ISBN 9966082670), page 51: "They taught us nothing but how to cheat, curse and abuse. I never killed in cold blood even if I was known as one of the most fearless fighters. Yes, I abducted several children, I robbed and beat, but I never raped."
  4. (transitive) To plunder, to destroy or despoil. {{defdate}}
    • 1892, Rudyard Kipling, Barrack-Room Ballads: I raped your richest roadstead—I plundered Singapore!
  5. (US slang, chiefly, Internet) To overpower, destroy (someone); to trounce. {{defdate}} My experienced opponent will rape me at chess.
Synonyms: (force sexual intercourse) ravish, violate, vitiate, (abuse) plunder, despoil
etymology 2 Generally considered to derive from Old English rāp, in reference to the ropes used to delineate the courts that ruled each rape.{{cite book|last=Mawer|first=Allen, F. M. Stenton with J. E. B. Gover|title=Sussex - Part I and Part II|publisher=English Place-Name Society|year=1929, 1930}} Compare Dutch reep and the parish of Rope, Cheshire. In the 18th century, Edward Lye proposed derivation from Old Norse hreppr, but this was rejected by the New English Dictionary and is considered "phonologically impossible" by the English Place-Name Society. Others, considering it improbable that the Normans would have adopted a local word, suggest derivation from Old French raper.{{cite web|url=|title=Origin of the Sussex 'Rapes'|publisher=Sussex Castles|accessdate=2015}} See Rape (county subdivision) for more.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now, historical) One of the six former administrative divisions of Sussex, England. {{defdate}}
    • 1888 March 20, Henry H. Howorth, in a letter to The Archaeological Review, volume 1 (March–August 1888), page 230: It seems to me very clear that the rapes of Sussex were divisions already existing there when the Normans landed.
    • 1971, Frank Merry Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England: There is little, if any, doubt that the division of Sussex into six rapes had been carried out before the Conquest, though the term is not mentioned in any Old English record.
    • 1997, Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest, page 18: These four castles dominated the Sussex rapes named after them; the fifth rape, Bramber, held by William de Braose, was in existence by 1084.
etymology 3 From Middle English rapen, from Old Norse hrapa, from Proto-Germanic *hrapaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-. Cognate with Norwegian rapa, Danish rappe, German rappeln.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete, intransitive or _, reflexive) To make haste; to hasten or hurry. {{defdate}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) Haste; precipitancy; a precipitate course. {{defdate}}
    • c. 1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, Wordes Unto Adam: So ofte a-daye I mot thy werk renewe, It to correcte and eek to rubbe and scrape; And al is thorugh thy negligence and rape.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (obsolete) Quickly; hastily. {{defdate}}
etymology 4 From Latin rapa, from rapum.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Rapeseed, Brassica napus. {{defdate}}
    • 2001, Bill Lambrecht, Dinner at the New Gene Café, page 231: After the Industrial Revolution, it was discovered that rape also yields oil suitable for lubrication.
etymology 5 From Middle English rape, from Old French rape, from raper, rasper, from Old frk *raspon, related to Old High German raspōn, Old English ġehrespan.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The stalk and husk of grapes from which the must has been expressed in winemaking.
  2. A filter containing the stalks and husks of grapes, used for clarifying wine, vinegar, etc.
  3. (obsolete) Fruit plucked in a bunch. a rape of grapes {{rfquotek}}
  • 1971, Bulletin of the European Communities: With regard to this obligation, the Council, on 26 October 1971[,] also arranged for certain producers to be totally or partially exempted from it, either because their wine production is very low (less than 50 hectolitres in one marketing year), or because they deliver their rapes of grapes to oenological merchants, or because they make quality wines …
  • aper, pare, pear, reap
rape face
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A disturbing facial expression with a wide smile and bright eyes.
rapefest etymology rape + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Anything involving a large amount of raping.
rape van
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A vehicle with a large interior body having no windows or blocked windows, for which it would be easy to lure or force a person inside and thereafter conceal their presence in the vehicle in order to enable the commission a sexual assault against that person.
    • 1997, Wendy Kaminer, True Love Waits: Essays and Criticism, page 133: It would be difficult even to raise questions about the accuracy of the rape van story, however, in the highly emotional atmosphere of a slide show; you'd be accused of "not believing the women."
    • 2008, Anthony Swofford, Exit A: A Novel, p. 14: There were no abductions, no girls lured into rape vans with promises of modeling careers or screen time, no burglaries in the parking lot.
    • 2010, Eric Smith, Textual Healing, p. 183: ...if you want to teach younger kids a lesson, then teach them not to talk to strangers, how to cross the street, not to take candy or puppies out of scary looking rape vans... things of that nature.
  • {{seeCites}}
rapey pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈɹeɪpi/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology rape + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Suggestive of, or characterised by, rape. This song is pretty rapey if you think about the lyrics.
    • 2011, Tyler DeAngelo, ‎Brad Emmett, Learn Just Enough to Get Laid (page 157) If this all sounds a bit “rapey,” that's only because there were different standards of morality back in the days of Greek mythology.
rapmeister etymology rap + meister
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music, slang) A highly skilled rapper
    • 1992, Black Enterprise (volume 23, number 5, December 1992, page 66) The discussion is both friendly and intense; after two minutes, the rapmeister readjusts his baseball cap, bids the banker goodbye and grins...
    • 2002, Carl Hiaasen, Basket case (page 242) "Ha, I pity your white ass," says Rapmeister Dommie, twelve going on twenty-nine.
Synonyms: rapmaster
  • piermaster
rapophile etymology rap + phile
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) One who loves rap music.
    • 1998, , "", : You've got gall, you've got guile / To step to me, I'm a rapophile
  • {{seemoreCites}}
raptor Alternative forms: raptour (obsolete)
etymology 1 From Latin raptor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A bird of prey.
  2. (obsolete) One who ravishes or plunders.
etymology 2 Popularized (and possible coined) in 1990 by Michael Crichton in ; shortened from velociraptor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, paleontology) One of the dromaeosaur, a family of carnivorous dinosaur having tear claw on the hind leg.
  • parrot
rascal etymology Recorded since c.1330, as Middle English rascaile, derived from 12th century Old French rascaille (modern French racaille), perhaps from rasque, from vl *rasicare. The singular form is first attested in 1461; the present extended sense of "low, dishonest person" is from early 1586. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹɑːskəl/, /ˈɹɑːskl̩/
  • (US) /ˈɹæskəl/, [ˈɹæskɪ̈l], [ˈɹæskl̩]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A dishonest person; a rogue; a scoundrel; a trickster.
  2. A playfully mischievous person or creature; a troublemaker. That little rascal bit me! If you have deer in the area, you may have to put a fence around your garden to keep the rascals out.
  3. A member of a criminal gang in Papua New Guinea.
Synonyms: (someone who is naughty) devil, imp, mischief-maker, scamp, scoundrel, See also , See also
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (archaic) Low; lowly, part of or belonging to the common rabble.
  • lascar, sacral, scalar
rascaless etymology rascal + ess
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) A female rascal.
{{Webster 1913}}
raspberry {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹɑːzbɹi/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹæzˌbɛɹi/
etymology 1 From earlier raspis berry, possibly from raspise (a sweet rose-colored wine), from Anglo-Latin vinum raspeys, of uncertain origin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The plant Rubus idaeus.
  2. Any of many other (but not all) species in the genus Rubus.
  3. The juicy aggregate fruit of these plants.
  4. A (colour) red colour, the colour of a ripe raspberry. {{color panel}}
Synonyms: obsolete hindberry
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Containing or having the flavor/flavour of raspberries.
  2. Of a dark pinkish red. She wore a raspberry beret — lyrics of Raspberry Beret, by the musician
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To gather or forage for raspberries.
    • 1903, M. E. Waller, A Daughter of the Rich, Little, Brown, and Company (1903), page 137: {{…}} she stuck burrs in my bed and lead me through the nettle-patch when we were raspberrying, because she knew I did n't know nettles; {{…}}
    • 1917, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne's House of Dreams, Chapter 37: "Owen and she went raspberrying in the woods back of her farm," answered Anne. "They won't be back before supper time—if then."
    • 1944, Cornelius Weygandt, The Heart of New Hampshire: Things Held Dear by Folks of the Old Stocks, G. P. Putnam's Sons (1944), page 129: {{..}} Mrs. Thrifty was picking pie cherries, two boys were raspberrying, and the fourth son, as I recall it, blueberrying.
    • 1976, Emily Ward, The Way Things Were: An Autobiography of Emily Ward, Newport Press (1976), page 4: My mother told my sister Sally and me that if we were good little girls we might go raspberrying up on the mountains when the raspberries were ripe.
    • 1988, Charles McCarry, The Bride of the Wilderness, (2011), ISBN 9781453232521, unnumbered page: In strawberry time she had seen individual bears grazing in the meadows along the bluff, and later, while raspberrying, she heard one gobbling fruit and snorting on the other side of the bush.
etymology 2 Cockney rhyming slang raspberry tart, for fart. However raspberry is rarely used for a fart, merely a noise which imitates it.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, colloquial) A noise intended to imitate the passing of flatulence, made by blowing air out of the mouth while the tongue is protruding from and pressed against the lips, or by blowing air through the lips while they are pressed firmly together or against skin, used humorously or to express derision.
Synonyms: (noise) Bronx cheer (US), razz
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To make the noise intended to imitate the passing of flatulence.
RAS syndrome etymology Coined in 2001 by New Scientist magazine.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) redundant acronym syndrome syndrome: the use of one or more of the words that make up an acronym or initialism in conjunction with the abbreviated form, as in PIN number.
rat {{wikipedia}} {{commons}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹæt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English rat, rotte, from Old English ræt, from Proto-Germanic *rattaz, *rattō (compare West Frisian rôt, Dutch rat, dialectal German Ratz), from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁d- 〈*reh₁d-〉 (compare Welsh rhathu, Latin rōdō, rōstrum, Middle Persian , Sanskrit ).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (zoology) A medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (informal) A term indiscriminate applied to numerous members of several rodent families (e.g. vole and mice) having bodies longer than about 12 cm, or 5 inches.
  3. (informal) A person who is known for betrayal; a scoundrel; a quisling.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island He’s more a man than any pair of rats of you in this here house.
    exampleWhat a rat, leaving us stranded here!
  4. (informal) An informant or snitch.
  5. (slang) A person who routinely spends time at a particular location. exampleOur teenager has become a mall rat. exampleHe loved hockey and was a devoted rink rat.
  6. Scab.
  7. (north-west London, slang) Vagina. exampleGet your rat out.
  8. A wad of shed hair used as part of a hairstyle.
Synonyms: (person known for betrayal) traitor (see for more synonyms), (informer) stool pigeon
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (usually with “on” or “out”) To betray someone and tell their secret to an authority or an enemy; to turn someone in, bewray. He ratted on his coworker. He is going to rat us out!
  2. (of a dog, etc.) To kill rats.
Synonyms: (to betray someone to an authority) tell on, to finger or "put the finger on", bewray
  • art , Art, RTA, tar
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) Extremely drunk. I got completely rat-arsed last night, and ended up tied naked to a lamp post. I'm not going to do that again.
ratbag etymology rat + bag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A despicable person. Then he went and sneaked on me to my boss. What a ratbag!
  2. (Australia) A stupid person, a meathead
  3. (NZ) A mischievous person, especially a child. May be used endearingly.
ratbaggery etymology ratbag + ery
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AU, informal) bizarre or objectionable behaviour
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) plural of ratbag
rat bike
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) A motorcycle maintained at the lowest possible cost and which is usually painted black.
ratcastle pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete, nautical, slang) a prison.
ratchet {{wikipedia}} etymology From French rochet, from Italian rocchetto. pronunciation
  • /ˈrætʃɪt/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A pawl, click{{,}} or detent for holding or propelling a ratchet wheel, or ratch, etc.
  2. A mechanism composed of a ratchet wheel, or ratch and pawl.
  3. A ratchet wrench.
  4. (analogous) A procedure or regulation that goes in one direction, usually up.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To cause to become incremented or decremented. exampleIt's time to ratchet up the intensity level here.
  2. (intransitive) To increment or decrement.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, slang) ghetto (unseemly and indecorous)
  • chatter
rate {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹeɪt/,
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From Old French, from Malayalam rata, from Latin , from ratus, from rērī. {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The estimated worth of something; value. {{defdate}}
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, V.3: There shall no figure at such rate be set, / As that of true and faithfull Iuliet.
  2. The proportional relationship between one amount, value etc. and another. {{defdate}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleAt the height of his powers, he was producing pictures at the rate of four a year.
  3. Speed. {{defdate}} exampleThe car was speeding down here at a hell of a rate.
    • Clarendon Many of the horse could not march at that rate, nor come up soon enough.
  4. The relative speed of change or progress. {{defdate}} exampleThe rate of production at the factory is skyrocketing.
  5. The price of (an individual) thing; cost. {{defdate}} exampleHe asked quite a rate to take me to the airport.
  6. A set price or charge for all examples of a given case, commodity, service etc. {{defdate}} examplePostal rates here are low.
  7. A wage calculated in relation to a unit of time. exampleWe pay an hourly rate of between $10 – $15 per hour depending on qualifications and experience.
  8. Any of various tax, especially those levied by a local authority. {{defdate}} exampleI hardly have enough left every month to pay the rates.
  9. (nautical) A class into which ship were assigned based on condition, size etc.; by extension, rank. exampleThis textbook is first-rate.
  10. (obsolete) Established portion or measure; fixed allowance; ration.
    • Spenser The one right feeble through the evil rate / Of food which in her duress she had found.
  11. (obsolete) Order; arrangement.
    • Spenser Thus sat they all around in seemly rate.
  12. (obsolete) Ratification; approval. {{rfquotek}}
  13. (horology) The gain or loss of a timepiece in a unit of time. daily rate; hourly rate; etc.
  • exchange rate
  • failure rate
  • flat rate
  • interest rate
  • mortality rate
related terms:
  • at any rate
  • rate limiting
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To assign or be assigned a particular rank or level. She is rated fourth in the country.
  2. (transitive) To evaluate or estimate the value of. They rate his talents highly.
    • South To rate a man by the nature of his companions is a rule frequent indeed, but not infallible.
  3. (transitive) To consider or regard. He rated this book brilliant.
  4. (transitive) To deserve; to be worth. The view here hardly rates a mention in the travel guide.
    • 1955, , "When a Man Murders...", in , October 1994 edition, ISBN 0553249592, page 101: Only two assistant district attorneys rate corner offices, and Mandelbaum wasn't one of them.
  5. (transitive) To determine the limit of safe function for a machine or electrical device. The transformer is rated at 10 watts.
  6. (transitive, chiefly, British) To evaluate a property's value for the purposes of local taxation.
  7. (transitive, informal) To like; to think highly of. The customers don't rate the new burgers.
  8. (intransitive) To have position (in a certain class). She rates among the most excellent chefs in the world. He rates as the best cyclist in the country.
  9. (intransitive) To have value or standing. This last performance of hers didn't rate very high with the judges.
  10. (transitive) To ratify.
    • Chapman to rate the truce
  11. To ascertain the exact rate of the gain or loss of (a chronometer) as compared with true time.
Synonyms: (have position in a certain class) rank
etymology 2 From Middle English raten, from Old Norse hrata, from Proto-Germanic *hratōną, from Proto-Indo-European *krad-. Cognate with Swedish rata, Norwegian rata, Old English hratian.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To berate, scold.
    • Shakespeare Go, rate thy minions, proud, insulting boy!
    • Barrow Conscience is a check to beginners in sin, reclaiming them from it, and rating them for it.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, John IX: Then rated they hym, and sayde: Thou arte hys disciple.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, I.56: Andronicus the Emperour, finding by chance in his pallace certaine principall men very earnestly disputing against Lapodius about one of our points of great importance, taunted and rated them very bitterly, and threatened if they gave not over, he would cause them to be cast into the river.
    • 1825, Sir Walter Scott, The Talisman (Scott novel), ch.iv: He beheld him, his head still muffled in the veil…couching, like a rated hound, upon the threshold of the chapel; but apparently without venturing to cross it;…a man borne down and crushed to the earth by the burden of his inward feelings.
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present (book), book 2, ch.XV, Practical — Devotional The successful monk, on the morrow morning, hastens home to Ely, Cambridgeshire{{nb...}}. The successful monk, arriving at Ely, is rated for a goose and an owl; is ordered back to say that Elmset was the place meant.
  • tare, tear
rate tart etymology rate, as in "rate of interest", and tart, UK slang for prostitute, referring to the promiscuity (in the sense of indiscriminate choice) of such a person
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) A person who signs up for a credit card that has a special introductory offer, such as low or zero interest for a certain period, uses the card for the duration of the offer, then cancels the card and switches to another with a similar offer, and so on.
Synonyms: card tart, credit card tart
  • tartrate
ratherish etymology From rather + ish.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) Slightly; to a small extent; in some degree.
rationalization hamster Alternative forms: rationalisation hamster etymology From a likening of circular logic to a hamster running on a hamster wheel.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) A notional intracranial hamster representing the circular thought process used to continuously justify one's own actions and beliefs.
Ratner moment etymology After British businessman Gerald Ratner, whose jewellery business nearly collapsed after he jokingly denigrated the company's products.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A situation where one harm one's reputation or standing by making ill-advised remarks.
related terms:
  • Ratner effect
rat pack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, military, slang) ration pack
rat printing office
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic, derogatory) A print office that employs workers for low wages so as to drive rivals out of business.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (literally, also used figuratively) The excrement of a rat.
    • 1978, , Somebody′s Darling, 2002, page 228, “Do you think they have ratshit in them?” Wynkyn asked. “Swan says most hamburgers have ratshit in them.”
    • 1984, , Just Us, page 106, ‘Terry stop it! R—′s on, remember. If we get busted we′re ratshit. We′ll never see each other again.’
    • 1987, , , unnumbered page, He slammed the choke in again. ‘No, don′t you stall, you ratshit plane!
    • 1992, , The Multiplex Man, 2011, page 46, “Aw, who cares? It′s all going to hell anyway. You have your turn, eat, get drunk, screw; and fifty years from now none of it′ll matter a ratshit.”
    • 1995, Anne Cameron. Wedding Cakes, Rats and Rodeo Queens, page 61, So they pulled the furniture away from the wall and found a pile of little dried ratshit pellets behind the dresser.
  2. (Australia, vulgar, slang) Nonsense, bullshit.
    • 1987, , After Long Absence, Dislocations, page 205, He also said that most of the kids at school were full of ratshit and that only one or two sheilas made the place any better than buggery.
    • 1995, Irene Moores, Arthur Murray, Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Watch Committee, Voices of Aboriginal Australia: Past, Present, Future, page 49, Do you see, Mr Bryant, why your old dream of getting to where you could really do something at last is going to be proved to be so much ratshit? Do you see why self-determination that isn′t really real is so much ratshit?
    • 2006, William J. Lines, Patriots: Defending Australia′s Natural Heritage, page 257, Kerin, one of the most pro-development Ministers, told his colleagues: ‘The EIS is ratshit and the guidelines are laughable’.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) Of very poor quality, badly substandard, useless; damage or broken; unwell, exhausted.
    • 1987, Stuart Rintoul, Ashes of Vietnam: Australian Voices, page 94, In the morning I was ratshit, just a bundle of nerves.
    • 2005, , The Broken Shore, page 162, For a moment Cashin thought that he would be sick, that he would spew over Hopgood. ‘You′re looking ratshit,’ said Hopgood. ‘Even more ratshit.’
    • 2006, , The Raunchy Dame in the Chineses Raincoat, Glenn Young (editor), The Best American Short Plays 2003-2004, page 114, When I was a little girl, my mother had this ratshit recorder, reel to reel, there were no cassettes then,... anyway, when I was lonely or hurt or scared, she'd play it for me. It was THE HIGH AND THE MIGHTY.
    • 2009, , The Story of Danny Dunn, 2011, page 273, ‘That′s ratshit advice, Danny!’ Sammy, realising Bullnose was making a meal of it, cut in.
  • athirst
  • rattish
  • tartish
rat-tail {{rfi}} {{wikispecies}} {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A towel that has been tightly twisted along the diagonal to make a rudimentary whip with a towel corner at the tip, typically used in juvenile pranks.
  2. An excrescence growing from the pastern to the middle of the shank of a horse.
  3. A fish, the {{vern}}, {{taxlink}}, syn. {{taxlink}}.
  4. Any fish of the genus {{taxlink}}; a grenadier.
etymology 1 rat + -ed
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of rat
etymology 2 Contraction of rat-arsed
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) intoxicated
  • tarted
  • tetrad
rattle etymology Verb from Middle English, either from Old English (not attested) or Middle Dutch ratelen, ultimately imitative. The noun (c. 1500) is from the verb. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹæ.t(ə)l/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (onomatopoeia) a sound made by loose objects shaking or vibrating against one another. I wish they would fix the rattle under my dashboard.
    • Prior The rattle of a drum.
  2. A baby's toy designed to make sound when shaken, usually containing loose grains or pellets in a hollow container.
    • Alexander Pope Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw.
  3. A device that makes a rattling sound such as put on an animal so its location can be heard.
  4. A musical instrument that makes a rattling sound.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh The rattles of Isis and the cymbals of Brasilea nearly enough resemble each other.
  5. (dated) Noisy, rapid talk.
    • Hakewill All this ado about the golden age is but an empty rattle and frivolous conceit.
  6. (dated) A noisy, senseless talker; a jabberer.
    • Macaulay It may seem strange that a man who wrote with so much perspicuity, vivacity, and grace, should have been, whenever he took a part in conversation, an empty, noisy, blundering rattle.
  7. A scolding; a sharp rebuke. {{rfquotek}}
  8. (zoology) Any organ of an animal having a structure adapted to produce a rattling sound. The rattle of the rattlesnake is composed of the hardened terminal scales, loosened in succession, but not cast off, and modified in form so as to make a series of loose, hollow joints.
  9. The noise in the throat produced by the air in passing through mucus which the lungs are unable to expel; death rattle.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, ergative) To create a rattling sound by shaking or striking. to rattle a chain Rattle the can of cat treats if you need to find Fluffy.
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. (transitive, informal) To scare, startle, unsettle, or unnerve.
    • P. G. Wodehouse "Tut!" said old Bittlesham. "Tut is right," I agreed. Then the rumminess of the thing struck me. "But if you haven't dropped a parcel over the race," I said, "why are you looking so rattled?"
    • 2014, Richard Rae, "Manchester United humbled by MK Dons after Will Grigg hits double", The Guardian, 26 August 2014: That United were rattled, mentally as well as at times physically – legitimately so – was beyond question. Nick Powell clipped a crisp drive a foot over the bar, but otherwise Milton Keynes had the best of the remainder of the first half.
  3. (intransitive) To make a rattling noise; to make noise by or from shaking. I wish the dashboard in my car would quit rattling.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To assail, annoy, or stun with a ratting noise.
    • Shakespeare Sound but another [drum], and another shall / As loud as thine rattle the welkin's ear.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To scold; to rail at. {{rfquotek}}
  6. To drive or ride briskly, so as to make a clattering. We rattled along for a couple of miles.
  7. To make a clatter with a voice; to talk rapidly and idly; with on or away. She rattled on for an hour.
  • latter, tarlet, Tatler
rattler etymology rattle + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, informal) A rattlesnake.
  2. A freight train or, (chiefly, British), a decrepit passenger train.
  3. Something which rattle.
rattle the bones
verb: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete, nautical, slang) to play dice.
    • {{rfdate}} The Legion of the Lost, “Little Mr. Crow shook the dice up and down in his balled hands so long that the Butcher growled "Come on! Come on! Get done, man!" He continued to rattle the bones between his palms, and the Butchers red face twisted up into a scowl.”
rat-trap cheese etymology So called because it might be used in baiting a trap.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) Inexpensive unexceptional cheese.
    • 1951, Erskine Caldwell, Call it Experience: The Years of Learning how to Write (page 112) Having spent twice as much money as I had intended during the first month in New York, I tried to live even more frugally than I had earlier in the year. I still ate rye bread and rat-trap cheese in my room, but less of it…
ratty etymology From rat + y. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹati/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Similar to a rat; ratlike.
  2. Infested with rats.
  3. (colloquial) In poor condition or repair; worn out; battered; tattered; torn.
    • 2000, George RR Martin, A Storm of Swords, Bantam 2011, p. 535: The Marcher lord was still clad in his ratty black cloak and dented breastplate with its chipped enamel lightning.
    • 2006, Clive James, North Face of Soho, Picador 2007, p. 80: I was having exactly that thought on a ratty mock-leather couch in Islington.
  4. (UK, colloquial) Irritable, annoyed.
  • tarty
raunchfest etymology raunch + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A very raunchy event, film, etc.
    • {{quote-news}}
ravenous etymology Borrowing from Old French ravineus. pronunciation
  • /ˈrævənəs/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Very hungry.
    • 1922, Ben Travers , 5, [ A Cuckoo in the Nest] , “The most rapid and most seductive transition in all human nature is that which attends the palliation of a ravenous appetite. There is something humiliating about it.”
  2. {{rfc-sense}} Eager for prey or gratification.
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present (book), book 3, ch. IX, Working Aristocracy Supply-and-demand? One begins to be weary of such work. Leave all to egoism, to ravenous greed of money, of pleasure, of applause: — it is the Gospel of Despair!
Synonyms: starving (colloquial), See also
ravey etymology rave + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Characteristic of rave music or culture.
    • 1999, Peter Shapiro, Drum 'n' Bass: The Rough Guide Smokey Joe's Bad Boy EP (1993) followed suit with an explicitly funky, rather than ravey, feel …
    • 1999, Mireille Silcott, Rave America: New School Dancescapes (page 43) … he couldn't see the end of the human sea: before him were twenty-five thousand people in fluo, stripey ravey gear.
raw {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English raw, rau, from Old English hrēaw, from Proto-Germanic *hrawaz, *hrēwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *krewa-, *krewh₂- 〈*krewh₂-〉. Cognate with Scots raw, Dutch rauw, German roh, Swedish , Icelandic hrár, Latin crūdus, Irish cró, Lithuanian kraujas, Russian кровь 〈krovʹ〉. Related also to Old English hrēow, hrēoh. More at ree. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ɹɔː/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹɔ/
  • (cot-caught) {{enPR}}, /ɹɒ/
  • (cot-caught) {{enPR}}, /ɹɑ/
  • {{audio}}
  • Homophones: roar (in non-rhotic accents), rah (with cot-caught merger and father-bother merger)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of food: not cooked. {{defdate}}
  2. Not treated or processed (of materials, products etc.); in a natural state, unrefined, unprocessed. {{defdate}} exampleraw cane sugar exampleraw sewage
  3. Having had the skin removed or abraded; chafed, tender; exposed, lacerated. {{defdate}} examplea raw wound
  4. New or inexperienced. {{defdate}} examplea raw beginner
  5. Crude in quality; rough, uneven, unsophisticated. {{defdate}} examplea raw voice
  6. Of data, statistics etc: uncorrected, without analysis. {{defdate}}
    • 2010, "Under the volcano", {{x}}, 16 Oct 2010: What makes Mexico worrying is not just the raw numbers but the power of the cartels over society.
  7. Of weather: unpleasantly damp or cold. a raw wind
    • Shakespeare a raw and gusty day
  8. (obsolete) Not covered; bare; bald.
    • Spenser with scull all raw
Synonyms: See also , (without a condom)
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) Without a condom. exampleWe did it raw.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sugar refining, sugar trade) An unprocessed sugar; a batch of such.
    • 1800, Louisiana Sugar Planters' Association, Lousiana Sugar Chemists' Association, American Cane Growers' Association, The Louisiana Planter and Sugar Manufacturer, Volume 22, page 287, With the recent advance in London yellow crystals, however, the disproportion of the relative value of these two kinds has been considerably reduced, and a better demand for crystallized raws should consequently occur.
    • 1921, , The Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Volume 13, Part 1, page 149, Early in the year the raws were melted to about 20 Brix in order to facilitate filtration.
    • 1939, The Commercial and Financial Chronicle, Volume 148, Part 2, page 2924, The world sugar contract closed 1 to 3 points net higher, with sales of only 36 lots. London raws sold at 8s. 4½d., and futures there were unchanged to 3d. higher.
  • Rwa, RWA
  • war
raw dog
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang) Without a condom; bareback.
    • 2007, Roosh V, Bang, page 110: I advise against going raw dog unless you are in a committed relationship and somewhat certain she is not screwing other guys, but if you do it raw then make sure you never ejaculate inside her, even if she is on the pill.
    • 2009, Omar Tyree, Dirty Old Men (And Other Stories), Strebor Books (2009), ISBN 9781593092733, page 254: And she lets me fuck her raw dog now, and cum all up in her until her ears pop.
    • 2010, Cydney Rax, Brothers and Wives, Three Rivers Press (2010), ISBN 9780307460097, page 23: {{…}} When you were eating my pussy and going raw dog in me, you wanted to hear every little thing I had to say. . . "
Synonyms: See also .
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To have sex without a condom; to bareback.
    • 2005, Erica L. Perry, A Lesson or a Blessing, AuthorHouse (2005), ISBN 1420872125, page 27: Never go raw dogging with the other woman it's just not safe.
    • 2006, Cheryl Sutherland, Chocolate Ty, Platinum Peach Press (2006), ISBN 0977619982, page 42: {{…}} You don't now{{sic}} shit about that girl yet you round here raw dogging her. That ho could be dying from HIV or AIDS, she could have a million kids and trying to set you up to be her next baby daddy, you fucking dummy. For all I know she could be a fucking psycho.”
    • 2008, Allison Hobbs, Big Juicy Lips: Double Dippin' 2, Strebor Books (2008), ISBN 9781593092078, page 44: “Well, you know...taking you into consideration and everything, I ended up letting him raw dog my coochie. {{…}}
    • 2011, John Tamar, 1,001 Drunk Acts, Strategic Book Group (2011), ISBN 9781609761530, page 163: The friend who did this raw dogged her drunk.
rax {{was wotd}} pronunciation
  • /ræks/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English raxen, rasken, from Old English raxan, racsan, probably alteration, with formative s, of Old English ræcan, ræccan, reccan, from Proto-Germanic *rakjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *reǵ-. Related to Dutch rekken, German recken, Swedish räcka.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland, transitive) To stretch; stretch out.
    • 1974, Guy Davenport, Tatlin!: Shoeless, he stood naked on his toes, his arms raxed upwards.
  2. (UK, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland, transitive) To reach out; reach or attain to.
  3. (UK, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland, transitive) To extend the hand to; hand or pass something. Please rax me the pitcher.
    • 1825, John Wilson, Robert Shelton Mackenzie, James Hogg, William Maginn and John Gibson Lockhart, Noctes Ambrosianæ No. XVIII, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, vol. 17: Wha the mischief set him on reading me? I'm sure he could never read onything in a dacent-like way since he was cleckit—rax me the Queen, and I'll let you hear a bit that will gar your hearts dinnle again—rax me the Queen, I say.
  4. (UK, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland, intransitive) To perform the act of reaching or stretching; stretch one's self; reach for or try to obtain something
  5. (UK, dialectal, chiefly, Scotland, intransitive) To stretch after sleep.
related terms:
  • raxle
etymology 2 Shortening of barracks.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gaming slang) barracks
    • {{quote-video }}
ray {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ɹeɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Via Middle English, from Old French rai, from Latin radius.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A beam of light or radiation. I saw a ray of light through the clouds.
  2. (zoology) A rib-like reinforcement of bone or cartilage in a fish's fin.
  3. (zoology) One of the spheromere of a radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.
  4. (botany) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal floret of a compound flower, such as an aster or a sunflower; one of the pedicel of an umbel or other circular flower cluster; radius.
  5. (obsolete) Sight; perception; vision; from an old theory of vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.
    • Alexander Pope All eyes direct their rays / On him, and crowds turn coxcombs as they gaze.
  6. (mathematics) A line extending indefinitely in one direction from a point.
  7. (colloquial) A tiny amount. Unfortunately he didn't have a ray of hope.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To emit something as if in rays.
  2. (intransitive) To radiate as if in rays {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 Old French raie, from Latin raia.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail.
etymology 3 Shortened from array.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To arrange. {{defdate}}
  2. (now rare) To dress, array (someone). {{defdate}} {{rfquotek}}
  3. (obsolete) To stain or soil; to defile. {{defdate}}
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.4: From his soft eyes the teares he wypt away, / And form his face the filth that did it ray ….
etymology 4 From its sound, by analogy with the letters chay, jay, gay, kay, which it resembles graphically.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The name of the letter ⟨/⟩, one of two which represent the r sound in Pitman shorthand.
related terms:
  • ar, in Latin and the name of the other Pitman r
etymology 5
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) Array; order; arrangement; dress.
    • Spenser And spoiling all her gears and goodly ray.
etymology 6 Alternative forms.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) alternative form of re
  • ayr, Ayr, yar
rayah {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: raya etymology From Turkish reaya, from Arabic رعايا 〈rʿạyạ〉, plural of رعية 〈rʿyẗ〉. [ "rayah."] The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2008.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A member of the tax-paying lower class of Ottoman society.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AU, informal) The smallest unit of anything, especially money; a penny; a whit; a jot (used in negative constructions).
    • 2009, Marja Harris, My Memoirs: A Period in the Life of Marja Harris (page 28) He ate his Kentucky Fried Chicken and I am not to eat a thing...not a razoo.
    • 2011, Margaret Way, The Bridesmaid's Wedding Some of those old aristocratic families haven't got a razoo any more.
razorback {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, southeastern US, informal) A thin feral pig.
related terms:
  • razorback sucker
  • Also used as a nickname for the University of Arkansas athletic teams.
razor bump {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, usually pluralized) A skin eruption in the area of the mustache or beard, caused by irritation from shaving.
    • 1990 July 19, Lawrence K. Altman, "Health: For Some, 'No Beards' Is Painful Job Rule," New York Times (retrieved 4 August 2013): For millions of men . . . shaving is painful because they develop razor bumps on the face and neck from the closely cut ends of hairs that imbed themselves to irritate and scar the skin.
Synonyms: folliculitis barbae traumatica, pseudofolliculitis barbae, shaving bump
razz etymology From an alteration of raspberry. pronunciation
  • /ræz/ {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (poker) A version of seven card stud where the worst poker hand wins (called lowball).
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) Tease playfully; heckle.
  2. (informal) Heckle by blowing a raspberry.
  3. (informal) (Newfoundland) To drive an automobile around
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) drunk
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of razzle
  • dazzler
razzmatazz Alternative forms: razzamatazz etymology Origin uncertain; perhaps an extended form of razzle-dazzle. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹaz.mə.taz/
  • (US) /ˈɹæz.mə.tæz/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Ambiguous or meaningless language. He says he's late for the meeting because his daughter had an emergency at school, but I don't buy this razzmatazz.
  2. Empty and tiresome speculation. A few politicians are creating some razzmatazz about reinstating the draft.
  3. (informal) Something presenting itself in a fanciful and showy, often unrealistic manner, especially when intended to impress and confuse. Is he really the next big thing, or is all the media attention just a bunch of razzmatazz?
  4. (rare) A long and imposing series of mindless but necessary tasks; drudgery. When I finally got done dealing with all the razzmatazz of college registration, I decided to go out and have a drink.
Synonyms: (meaningless language) claptrap, double-talk, (fancy presentation) razzle-dazzle
reach etymology From Middle English rechen, from Old English rǣċan, from Proto-Germanic *raikijaną, from the Proto-Indo-European *reyǵ-. Cognate with Dutch reiken, German reichen. pronunciation
  • /ɹiːtʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To extend; to stretch; to thrust out; to put forth, as a limb, a member, something held, or the like. exampleHe reached for a weapon that was on the table.   He reached for his shoe with his legs.
  2. Hence, to deliver by stretching out a member, especially the hand; to give with the hand; to pass to another; to hand over. exampleto reach one a book
  3. To attain or obtain by stretch forth the hand; to extend some part of the body, or something held by one, so as to touch, strike, grasp, etc. exampleto reach an object with the hand, or with a spear;   I can't quite reach the pepper, could you pass it to me?   The gun was stored in a small box on a high closet shelf, but the boy managed to reach it by climbing on other boxes.
  4. To strike or touch with a missile. exampleto reach an object with an arrow, a bullet, or a shell
  5. Hence, to extend an action, effort, or influence to; to penetrate to; to pierce, or cut, as far as.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 4 , “Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.”
  6. To extend to; to stretch out as far as; to touch by virtue of extent. examplehis hand reaches the river
    • Milton Thy desire … leads to no excess / That reaches blame.
  7. To arrive at by effort of any kind; to attain to; to gain; to be advanced to. exampleAfter three years, he reached the position of manager.
    • Cheyne The best account of the appearances of nature which human penetration can reach, comes short of its reality.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “But Miss Thorn relieved the situation by laughing aloud,…. By the time we reached the house we were thanking our stars she had come. Mrs. Cooke came out from under the port-cochere to welcome her.”
  8. (obsolete) To understand; to comprehend.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher Do what, sir? I reach you not.
  9. (obsolete) To overreach; to deceive. {{rfquotek}}
  10. To stretch out the hand.
  11. To strain after something; to make efforts. exampleReach for your dreams.
  12. (intransitive) To extend in dimension, time etc.; to stretch out continuously (past, beyond, above, from etc. something).
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 4: The Thembu tribe reaches back for twenty generations to King Zwide.
  13. (nautical) To sail on the wind, as from one point of tacking to another, or with the wind nearly abeam.
  • In the past, raught, rought and retcht could be found as past tense forms; these are now obsolete, except perhaps in some dialects.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of stretching or extending; extension; power of reaching or touching with the person, or a limb, or something held or thrown. The fruit is beyond my reach. to be within reach of cannon shot
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Chapter VI … and we have learned not to fire at any of the dinosaurs unless we can keep out of their reach for at least two minutes after hitting them in the brain or spine, or five minutes after puncturing their hearts—it takes them so long to die.
  2. The power of stretching out or extending action, influence, or the like; power of attainment or management; extent of force or capacity.
    • Hayward Drawn by others who had deeper reaches than themselves to matters which they least intended.
    • Alexander Pope Be sure yourself and your own reach to know.
  3. Extent; stretch; expanse; hence, application; influence; result; scope.
    • Milton And on the left hand, hell, / With long reach, interposed.
    • Shakespeare I am to pray you not to strain my speech / To grosser issues, nor to larger reach / Than to suspicion.
  4. (informal) An exaggeration; an extension beyond evidence or normal; a stretch. To call George eloquent is certainly a reach.
  5. (boxing) The distance a boxer's arm can extend to land a blow.
  6. An extended portion of land or water; a stretch; a straight portion of a stream or river, as from one turn to another; a level stretch, as between locks in a canal; an arm of the sea extending up into the land.
    • Tennyson The river's wooded reach.
    • Holland The coast … is very full of creeks and reaches.
  7. (nautical) Any point of sail in which the wind comes from the side of a vessel, excluding close-hauled.
  8. (obsolete) An article to obtain an advantage.
    • Francis Bacon The Duke of Parma had particular reaches and ends of his own underhand to cross the design.
  9. The pole or rod connecting the rear axle with the forward bolster of a wagon.
  10. An effort to vomit; a retch.
  • {{rank}}
  • acher
  • chear
read {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną. Cognate with Scots rede, red, Saterland Frisian räide, Western Frisian riede, Dutch raden, German raten, Danish råde, Swedish råda. The development from ‘advise, interpret’ to ‘interpret letters, read’ is unique to English. Compare rede. pronunciation Noun, and verb's present tense
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ɹiːd/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹiːd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
Verb's past tense and past participle
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹɛd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To think, believe; to consider (that).
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.i: But now, faire Ladie, comfort to you make, / And read…/ That short reuenge the man may ouertake […].
  2. (transitive or intransitive) To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written. examplehave you read this book?;  he doesn’t like to read
    • 1661, John Fell (bishop), The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant…
  3. (transitive or intransitive) To speak aloud words or other information that is written. Often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object. exampleHe read us a passage from his new book. exampleAll right, class, who wants to read next?
  4. (transitive) To interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. exampleShe read my mind and promptly rose to get me a glass of water. exampleI can read his feelings in his face.
  5. To consist of certain text. exampleOn the door hung a sign that reads "No admittance". The passage reads differently in the earlier manuscripts.
  6. (intransitive) Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way. exampleArabic reads right to left. That sentence reads strangely.
  7. (transitive) To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text.
    • 1832, John Lemprière et al., Bibliotheca classica, Seventh Edition, W. E. Dean, page 263: In , it is nearly certain that for Pylleon we should read Pteleon, as this place is mentioned in connection with Antron.
  8. (informal, usually, ironic) Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term.
    • 2009, Suzee Vlk et al., The GRE Test for Dummies, Sixth Edition, Wiley Publishing, ISBN 978-0-470-00919-2, page 191: Eliminate illogical (read: stupid) answer choices.
  9. (transitive, telecommunications) To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection. exampleDo you read me?
  10. (transitive, British) To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks. exampleI am reading theology at university.
  11. (computing, transitive) To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.). to read a hard disk; to read a port; to read the keyboard
  12. (obsolete) To advise; to counsel. See rede.
    • William Tyndale Therefore, I read thee, get to God's word, and thereby try all doctrine.
  13. (obsolete) To tell; to declare; to recite.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iv: But read how art thou named, and of what kin.
  14. (transitive, transgenderism) To recognise (someone) as being transgender. exampleEvery time I go outside, I worry that someone will read me.
  15. en-past of read
  • When "read" is used transitively with an author's name as the object, it generally means "to look at writing(s) by (the specified person)" (rather than "to recognise (the specified person) as transgender"). Example: "I am going to read Milton before I read His Dark Materials, so I know what His Dark Materials is responding to."
Synonyms: (look at and interpret letters or other information) interpret, make out, make sense of, understand, scan, (speak aloud words or other information that is written) read aloud, read out, read out loud, speak, (be able to hear) copy, hear, receive, (make a study of) learn, study, look up
  • (to be recognised as transgender) pass
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A reading or an act of reading, especially an actor's part of a play.
    • Furnivall One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read.
    • Philip Larkin, Self's the Man And when he finishes supper / Planning to have a read at the evening paper / It's Put a screw in this wall — / He has no time at all…
    • 2006, MySQL administrator's guide and language reference (page 393) In other words, the system can do 1200 reads per second with no writes, the average write is twice as slow as the average read, and the relationship is linear.
  • {{rank}}
  • DARE, dare, dear, 'eard, rade
read 'em and weep
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Used to express confidence when showing a winning poker hand. I've got a full house. Read 'em and weep, boys.
  2. (informal) By extension, used when outperforming or one-upping rivals.
    • Me, My Elf & I, Heather Swain, 2009, , 978-0-14-241255-8 , “Today's BellaHater Award goes halfsies to Zephyr Addler and Mercedes Sanchez! Zephyr 4 sticking it 2 Bella by tongue wrestling with TLC. Way 2 Go! And Mercedes 4 outing them. Poor Bella! What's a girl 2 do? Suffer bitch! You've made everybody else's life hell and what comes around goes around, so read 'em and weep . Yer not the only mean girl in town. ”
readaholic etymology read + aholic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) One who loves to read book; a bookworm.
ready etymology From Middle English redy, redi, rædiȝ, iredi, ȝerædi, alteration ( + y) of earlier ired, irede, ȝerad, from Old English rǣde, ġerǣde (also ġerȳde) "prepared, prompt, ready, ready for riding (horse), mounted (on a horse), skilled, simple, easy", from Proto-Germanic *garaidijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *rēydʰ-, *rēy- and also probably conflated with Proto-Indo-European *reydʰ- in the sense of "set to ride, able or fit to go, ready". Cognate with Scots readie, reddy, Western Frisian ree, Dutch gereed, German bereit, Danish rede, Swedish redo, Icelandic greiður, Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 〈𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃〉. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈɹɛdi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}} Homophones: reddy Rhymes:
  • {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Prepared for immediate action or use. exampleThe troops are ready for battle.  The porridge is ready to serve.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) If need be, I am ready to forego / And quit.
    • Henry Fielding (1707-1754) Dinner was ready.
  2. Inclined; apt to happen.
  3. Liable at any moment. exampleThe seed is ready to sprout.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) My heart is ready to crack.
  4. Not slow or hesitating; quick in action or perception of any kind; dexterous; prompt; easy; expert. examplea ready apprehension;  ready wit;  a ready writer or workman
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) …whose temper was ready, through surly
    • Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay (1800-1859) ready in devising expedients
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Molly the dairymaid came a little way from the rickyard, and said she would pluck the pigeon that very night after work. She was always ready to do anything for us boys; and we could never quite make out why they scolded her so for an idle hussy indoors. It seemed so unjust. Looking back, I recollect she had very beautiful brown eyes.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. Offering itself at once; at hand; opportune; convenient.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) the readiest way
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) A sapling pine he wrenched from out the ground, / The readiest weapon that his fury found.
Synonyms: good to go
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To make prepare for action.
related terms:
  • already
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) ready money; cash
    • Arbuthnot Lord Strut was not flush in ready, either to go to law, or to clear old debts.
  • {{rank}}
  • deary
  • rayed
  • yeard
ready as Freddy etymology Chosen for the rhyme.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Entirely ready.
real {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From Old French reel, from ll reālis, from Latin rēs, from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁ís 〈*reh₁ís〉. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈɹiːəl/, /ɹiːl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. True, genuine, not merely nominal or apparent.
    • 2007, Jim Kokoris, The Rich Part of Life: A Novel (ISBN 1429976438), page 179: [T]he real reason he didn't come was because he was scared of flying[.]
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. Genuine, not artificial, counterfeit, or fake.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThis is real leather.
  3. Genuine, unfeigned, sincere.
    • Milton: Whose perfection far excelled / Hers in all real dignity.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThese are real tears!
  4. Actually be, exist, or occur; not fictitious or imaginary. a description of real life
    • Milton: I waked, and found / Before mine eyes all real, as the dream / Had lively shadowed.
  5. That has objective, physical existence. exampleNo one has ever seen a real unicorn.
  6. (economics) Having been adjusted to remove the effects of inflation; measured in purchasing power (contrast nominal). exampleMy dad calculated my family's real consumption per month. exampleWhat is the real GNP of this polity?
  7. (economics) Relating to the result of the actions of rational agents; relating to neoclassical economic models as opposed to Keynesian models.
  8. (mathematics, of a number) Being either a rational number, or the limit of a convergent infinite sequence of rational numbers: being one of a set of numbers with a one-to-one correspondence to the points on a line.
  9. (legal) Relating to immovable tangible property. examplereal estate;  real property
    • Francis Bacon Many are perfect in men's humours that are not greatly capable of the real part of business.
  10. Absolute, complete, utter. exampleThis is a real problem.
  11. (slang) Signifying meritorious qualities or actions especially as regard the enjoyment of life, prowess at sports, or success wooing potential partners. exampleI'm keeping it real.
Synonyms: (true, genuine) true, actual, (genuine, not artificial) authentic, genuine, actual, (genuine, unfeigned) authentic, genuine, heartfelt, true, actual, (that has physical existence) actual
  • (true, genuine) imaginary, unreal
  • (genuine, not artificial) artificial, counterfeit, fake, sham
  • (genuine, unfeigned) feigned, sham, staged
  • (that has physical existence) fictitious, imaginary, made-up, pretend (informal)
  • (relating to numbers with a one-to-one correspondence to the points on a line) imaginary
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (US, colloquial) Really, very.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A commodity; see reality.
  2. (grammar) One of the three genders that the common gender can be separated into in the Scandinavian languages.
  3. (mathematics) A real number.
    • 2007, Mark Bridges, REAL ANALYSIS: A Constructive Approach, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, page 11 There have been several classical constructions of the reals that avoid these problems, the most famous ones being Dedekind Cuts and Cauchy Sequences, named respectively for the mathematicians Richard Dedekind (1831 - 1916) and Augustine Cauchy (1789 - 1857). We will not discuss these constructions here, but will use a more modern one developed by Gabriel Stolzenberg, based on "interval arithmetic."
  4. (obsolete) A realist. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 From Spanish real, from Latin rēgālis. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ɹeɪˈɑːl/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹeɪˈɑl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Former unit of currency of Spain and Spain's colonies.
  2. A coin worth one real.
etymology 3 From Portuguese real, from Latin rēgālis.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A unit of currency used in Portugal and its colonies from 1430 until 1911, and in Brazil from 1790 until 1942
  2. A coin worth one real.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A unit of currency used in Brazil since 1994. Symbol: R$.
    • 2011, Perry Anderson, "Lula's Brazil", London Review of Books, 33.VII: Within weeks of this bombshell, an aide to the brother of the chairman of the PT, José Genoino, was arrested boarding a flight with 200,000 reais in a suitcase and $100,000 in his underpants.
  2. A coin worth one real.
Synonyms: (old Portuguese and Brazilian unit of currency) rei
  • (current Brazilian unit of currency) centavo
related terms:
  • regal
  • royal
  • milreis
  • {{rank}}
  • earl, Earl
  • Rael
  • lare
  • lear
  • rale
real estate {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈriːl əˌsteɪt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Property that cannot easily be moved, usually building and the ground they are built on.
  2. (informal) Space.
    • Ontario, 6, 0920620329, J. A. Kraulis, 1982, The "Golden Horseshoe" , the commercial and industrial end of Lake Ontario, is the most crowded real estate in Canada.
    • 2007, Preston Gralla, Big Book of Windows Hacks Virtual desktops allow you to stretch your screen real estate well beyond its normal size.
Synonyms: realty
  • personalty
related terms:
  • realtor
real gone
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, slang) outrageously cool, wild and carefree, hepcat
{{attention}} {{attention}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of realign
  • aligners, engrails, inlarges, lasering, resignal, sanglier, seal ring, signaler, slangier
reality challenged
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (humorously, politically correct, euphemistic, of a, person) insane.
reality distortion field {{wikipedia}} etymology coined by Bud Tribble at Apple Computer in 1981, to describe company co-founder Steve Jobs' charisma and its effects on the developers working on the Mac project
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The persuasive abilities of a charismatic leader
really etymology real + ly pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹɪəli/
  • (US) /ˈɹi(ə)li/, /ˈɹɪ(ə)li/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (modal) Actually; in fact; in reality. example"He really is a true friend." / "Really? What makes you so sure?"
  2. (informal, as an intensifier) Very (modifying an adjective); very much (modifying a verb). exampleBut ma, I really, really want to go to the show!
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 10 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “It was a joy to snatch some brief respite, and find himself in the rectory drawing–room. Listening here was as pleasant as talking; just to watch was pleasant. The young priests who lived here wore cassocks and birettas; their faces were fine and mild, yet really strong, like the rector's face; and in their intercourse with him and his wife they seemed to be brothers.”
    • {{RQ:Chrsty Atbgrfy}} There was also hairdressing: hairdressing, too, really was hairdressing in those times — no running a comb through it and that was that. It was curled, frizzed, waved, put in curlers overnight, waved with hot tongs;{{nb...}}.
  • Like its synonyms, really is, in practice, often used to preface an opinion, rather than a fact. (See also usage notes for actually.)
Increasingly people are recognising what's really important is having children.{{cite web|url=|title=The Sydney Morning Herald article 'When men turn clucky'|last=Marriner|first=C|date=15-01-2005|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|accessdate=2009-04-12}}
Synonyms: (actually) actually, in fact, indeed, truly, (colloquial, as an intensifier) so
  • {{rank}}
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information; to express skepticism. A: He won the Nobel Prize yesterday. B: Really?
  2. (colloquial, sarcastic, typically exaggerated question.) Indicating that what was just said was obvious and unnecessary; contrived incredulity A: I've just been reading Shakespeare - he's one of the best authors like, ever! B: Really.
  3. (colloquial, chiefly, US) Indicating affirmation, agreement. A: That girl talks about herself way too much. B: Really. She's a nightmare.
  4. Indicating displeasure at another person's behaviour or statement. Well, really! How rude.
Synonyms: (contrived incredulity, or in ironic / sarcastic sense) you don't say, no kidding, oh really, no really
  • yaller
real men don't eat quiche etymology The idiom derives from the book on stereotypes about masculinity, , by , published in 1982.
proverb: {{head}}
  1. (aphorism, humorous) The stereotypical man does not do things that are considered effeminate, as to do so would imply they are effeminate.
related terms:
  • quiche-eater
Real Programmer Alternative forms: real programmer
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, slang) An archetypal highly skilled programmer, who eschew abstraction and convenient modern tool and method of programming, instead prefer to use a manually-optimised low-level language or program directly in machine code for maximum performance.
    • 1995, Andrew Davison, Humour the Computer, MIT Press (ISBN 9780262540759), page 50 Everyone working at LucasFilm is a Real Programmer. (It would be crazy to turn down the money of fifty million Star Trek fans.) The proportion of Real Programmers in Computer Graphics is somewhat lower than the norm, mostly because ...
    • 2002, Julian Templeman, Andy Olsen, Microsoft Visual C++.NET Step by Step (ISBN 9780735615670), page 618 Julian Templeman first touched fingers to keypunch in 1972, punching Fortran code onto cards at college in London. Soon after, he moved on to Macro- 11 programming on PDP-11s. This qualifies him as a Real Programmer, and until recently, he had a PDP-11 in his garage to remind him of better times.
    • 2003, John Ray, William Ray, Mac OS X Maximum Security, Sams Publishing (ISBN 9780672323812), page 56 Interdicted Real Programmer. Not someone you want to get in the way of, he's usually the best programmer on a project, and he's usually annoyed because management has stuck yet another stupid wall between him and getting his job done.
    • 2011, Kevin B. Bennett, John M. Flach, Display and Interface Design: Subtle Science, Exact Art, CRC Press (ISBN 9781420064391), page 110 The Real Programmer wants a “you asked for it, you got it” text editor; one that is complicated, cryptic, powerful, unforgiving, and dangerous. TECO, to be precise.
ream {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /riːm/ {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English reme, rem, from Old English rēam, from Proto-Germanic *raumaz, from Proto-Indo-European *rewǝgh-. Cognate with Dutch room, German Rahm, Norwegian rømme, Icelandic rjómi. See also ramekin. Alternative forms: reem, raim
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Cream; also, the creamlike froth on ale or other liquor; froth or foam in general.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To cream; mantle; foam; froth.
    • Sir Walter Scott a huge pewter measuring pot which, in the language of the hostess, reamed with excellent claret
etymology 2 From Middle English remen, rimen, rumen, from Old English rȳman, from Proto-Germanic *rūmijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *rowǝ-. Cognate with Dutch ruimen, German räumen, Icelandic rýma. More at room. Alternative forms: reem, rim, rime
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To enlarge a hole, especially using a reamer; to bore a hole wider.
  2. To shape or form, especially using a reamer.
  3. To remove (material) by reaming.
  4. To remove burrs and debris from a freshly bored hole.
  5. (slang) To yell at or berate.
  6. (slang, vulgar) To sexually penetrate in a rough and painful way, by analogy with definition 1.
etymology 3 From Middle English reeme, from Old French raime, rayme (French rame), from Arabic رزمة 〈rzmẗ〉. Alternative forms: reme
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A bundle, package, or quantity of paper, nowadays usually containing 500 sheets.
  2. An abstract large amount of something. I can't go - I still have reams of work left.
coordinate terms:
  • (quantity of paper) bale, bundle, quire
  • Amer., amer., Erma, mare
rear {{slim-wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ɹɪɹ/
  • (RP) /ɹɪə/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English reren, from Old English rǣran, from Proto-Germanic *raizijaną, *raisijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *rei-. Cognate with Scots rere, Icelandic reisa, Gothic , German reisen. More at rise. Alternative forms: reer, rere, rare
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To raise physically; to lift up; to cause to rise, to elevate.
    • {{rfdate}} In adoration at his feet I fell Submiss; he reared me.
    • {{rfdate}} Mine [shall be] the first hand to rear her banner.
  2. (transitive) To construct by building; to set up to rear defenses or houses to rear one government on the ruins of another.
    • {{rfdate}} One reared a font of stone.
  3. (transitive) To raise spiritually; to lift up; to elevate morally.
    • {{rfdate}} It reareth our hearts from vain thoughts.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To lift and take up.
    • {{rfdate}} And having her from Trompart lightly reared, Upon his set the lovely load.
  5. (transitive) To bring up to maturity, as offspring; to educate; to instruct; to foster.
    • {{rfdate}} He wants a father to protect his youth, and rear him up to virtue.
  6. (transitive) To breed and raise; as, to rear cattle (cattle-rearing).
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To rouse; to strip up.
    • {{rfdate}}, And seeks the tusky boar to rear.
  8. (intransitive) To rise up on the hind legs, as a bolting horse.
See note under raise. Synonyms: (rise up on the hind legs) prance, build, elevate, erect, establish, lift, raise
etymology 2 From Middle English reren, from Old English hrēran, from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱera- 〈*ḱera-〉, *ḱrā- 〈*ḱrā-〉. Cognate with Dutch roeren, German rühren, Swedish röra, Icelandic hræra. Alternative forms: reer, rere
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To move; stir.
  2. (transitive, of geese) To carve. Rere that goose!
related terms:
  • reremouse
  • uproar
etymology 3 From Middle English rere, from Old English hrēr, hrēre, from hrēran, from Proto-Germanic *hrōzijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱera- 〈*ḱera-〉, *ḱrā- 〈*ḱrā-〉. Related to Old English hrōr, Dutch roeren, German rühren, Swedish röra, Icelandic hræra. Alternative forms: reer, rere, rare (US)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (now chiefly dialectal) (of eggs) Underdone; nearly raw.
  2. (chiefly US) (of meats) Rare.
etymology 4 xno rere, ultimately from Latin retro. Compare arrear.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Being behind, or in the hindmost part; hindmost; as, the rear rank of a company.
  • front
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (British, dialect) early; soon
    • {{rfdate}} . Then why does Cuddy leave his cot so rear!
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last on order; - opposed to front.
    • {{rfdate}} Nipped with the lagging rear of winter's frost.
  2. (military) Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is stationed behind the rest.
    • {{rfdate}} Milton When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear.
  3. (anatomy) The buttocks, a creature's bottom
Synonyms: (buttocks) rear end
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To place in the rear; to secure the rear of.
  2. (transitive, vulgar, British) To sodomize perform anal sex
  • rare
rear admiral {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military, nautical) a naval officer below the rank of vice admiral, originally in charge of a fleet's rear formation.
  2. (slang) A proctologist
Synonyms: (naval, abbreviation) RADM , RAdm
rear end
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The back or hindmost part of anything, such as a car.
  2. (slang) The buttocks.
rear gunner
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who operates the gun in the rear turret of a bomber.
  2. (colloquial) One whose function in an organization is to defend it from attackers, for example, in public relations or public affairs.
Synonyms: tail gunner, Tail End Charlie
rebellion {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French rebellion, from Latin rebellio pronunciation
  • /rɪˈbɛliən/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Armed resistance to an established government or ruler. The government is doing its best to stop rebellion in the country.
  2. (countable) Defiance of authority or control; the act of rebelling. Having a tattoo was Mathilda's personal rebellion against her parents.
  3. (countable) An organized, forceful subversion of the law of the land in an attempt to replace it with another form of government. The army general led a successful rebellion and became president of the country.
related terms:
  • rebel
  • rebellious
  • (defiance of authority or control) obedience, submission
rebirthing {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (spirituality) Rebirth.
  2. (gaming, video games, MMORPG) An act of resetting a player character's level to its initial value (i.e., 1) while retaining equipment and/or some skills (a feature that allows a player to try out different classes or builds).
  3. (New Age) The practice of simulating the birth process by wrapping a child tightly in blankets from which it must struggle to escape, as an intended treatment for attachment disorder.
  4. (Australia, automotive, slang) The practice of transferring identifying parts of a wrecked car (registration plate, compliance plate, etc.) onto a stolen car of the same make and model, allowing the stolen car to be sold with the identity of the wreck.
    • 2004, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2004 Year Book Australia, Number 86, [http//|%22rebirthings%22+vehicle+OR+car+-intitle:%22rebirthing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JPP-T7rLE4eyiQeEoYX0Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rebirthing%22|%22rebirthings%22%20vehicle%20OR%20car%20-intitle%3A%22rebirthing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 325], Other investigations include South-East Asian organised crime, money laundering and tax fraud on the Commonwealth, vehicle rebirthing and identity fraud.
    • 2010, James Morton, Susanna Lobez, Gangland Australia, [http//|%22rebirthings%22+vehicle+OR+car+-intitle:%22rebirthing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JPP-T7rLE4eyiQeEoYX0Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rebirthing%22|%22rebirthings%22%20vehicle%20OR%20car%20-intitle%3A%22rebirthing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 335], They are also involved in cannabis dealing, vehicle theft, car rebirthing, currency counterfeiting and fraud.
    • 2010, Adam Shand, Big Shots: Inside Melbourne′s Gangland Wars, [http//|%22rebirthings%22+vehicle+OR+car+-intitle:%22rebirthing%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JPP-T7rLE4eyiQeEoYX0Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rebirthing%22|%22rebirthings%22%20vehicle%20OR%20car%20-intitle%3A%22rebirthing%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 180], New bosses were running things now – the hydro marijuana houses, the standover and the car rebirthing.
  5. (Internet, paraphilia) The role-playing practice of bodily crawling into and reemerging from a simulated vagina.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) abbreviation of recreation At 11:00, school’s out, and it’s time for rec
  2. (informal) A recommendation or suggestion.
  3. (informal) A recreation ground.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To recommend something such as a book, movie, product etc.
  • CER
  • Erc, ERC
recalc etymology Shortening.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) recalculate
    • 1988, InfoWorld (volume 10, number 49, 5 December 1988) Typically, you'll debug your model by making changes, recalcing, and testing within the spreadsheet, then trying Prepare and Run.
    • 2000, Graham Wideman, VISIO 2000 Developer's Survival Guide (page 228) This would typically be used to temporarily turn off layout calculations while a number of shapes are added or modified, after which DLS could be re-enabled to recalc the drawing all at once.
reccy Alternative forms: recce
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, military) reconnaissance
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, military) To investigate with a reconnaissance trip.
receive Alternative forms: receave (obsolete) etymology From Middle English receiven, from Old French receivre, from Latin recipere, past participle receptus, from re- + capio; see capacious. Compare conceive, deceive, perceive. Replaced native Middle English terms in fon/fangen (e.g. afon, anfon, afangen, underfangen, etc. "to receive" from Old English fon), native Middle English thiggen (from Old English þicgan), and non-native Middle English aquilen, enquilen (from Old French aquillir, encueillir). pronunciation
  • /ɹɪˈsiːv/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To take, as something that is offered, given, committed, sent, paid, etc.; to accept; to be given something. exampleShe received many presents for her birthday.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616) Our hearts receive your warnings.
    • John Locke (1632-1705) The idea of solidity we receive by our touch.
    • Bible, Book of Kings, Part I viii.64: The brazen altar that was before the Lord was too little to receive the burnt offerings.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 19 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “Nothing was too small to receive attention, if a supervising eye could suggest improvements likely to conduce to the common welfare. Mr. Gordon Burnage, for instance, personally visited dust-bins and back premises, accompanied by a sort of village bailiff, going his round like a commanding officer doing billets.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. To take possession of.
  3. To act as a host for guests; to give admittance to; to permit to enter, as into one's house, presence, company, etc. exampleto receive a lodger, visitor, ambassador, messenger, etc.
    • Bible, Acts of the Apostles xxviii.2: They kindled a fire, and received us every one.
    • {{RQ:WBsnt IvryGt}} In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.…Strangers might enter the room, but they were made to feel that they were there on sufferance: they were received with distance and suspicion.
  4. To suffer from (an injury). exampleI received a bloody nose from the collision.
  5. To allow (a custom, tradition, etc.); to give credence or acceptance to.
    • Bible, Gospel of Mark vii.4: Many other things there be which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots.
  6. (telecommunications) To detect a signal from a transmitter.
  7. (sports) To be in a position to take possession, or hit back the ball.
    1. (tennis, badminton, squash) To be in a position to hit back a service.
    2. (American football) To be in a position to catch a forward pass.
  8. (transitive, intransitive) To accept into the mind; to understand.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, I.57: I cannot receive {{transterm}} that manner, whereby we establish the continuance of our life.
related terms:
  • receivable
  • receiver
  • reception
  • receipt
  • receptive
  • receptacle
  • recipient
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (telecommunications) An operation in which data is received. sends and receives
  • {{rank}}
receiver {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɹəˈsivɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology {{-er}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who or thing that receive or is intended to receive something.
    1. A trustee appointed to hold and administer property involved in litigation.
    2. A person appointed to settle the affairs of an insolvent entity.
    3. A person who accepts stolen goods.
    4. Any of several electronic devices that receive signal and convert them into sound or vision.
      1. A telephone handset.
    5. (American football) An offensive player who catches the ball after it has been passed.
    6. (tennis) A person who attempts to return the ball after it has been served.
    7. An element of a mechanical or other system or device designed to accept another element.
      1. (firearms) The part of a firearm containing the action.
      2. A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound steam engine.
      3. A capacious vessel for receiving steam from a distant boiler, and supplying it dry to an engine.
Synonyms: recipient (more formal, usually referring to one who receives such things as an award or medal)

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