The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


reception etymology From Middle French reception, from Latin receptiō, from recipiō, from re- + capiō. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of receiving.
  2. (uncountable, electronics) The act or ability to receive radio or similar signals. We have poor TV reception in the valley. The new system provides exceptional quality of the reception signal.
  3. A social engagement, usually to formally welcome someone. After the wedding we proceeded to the reception.
  4. A reaction. The ambassador's jokes met a cold reception.
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. The desk of a hotel or office where guests are received.
  6. (UK, education) The school year, or part thereof, between preschool and Year 1, when children are introduced to formal education.
Synonyms: (desk where guests are received) front desk
related terms:
  • receptacle
  • receptive
  • receptible
  • receptor
  • receive
  • creep into
recess {{wikipedia}} etymology From Latin recessus. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈriː.sɛs/, /rɪ.ˈsɛs/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable or uncountable) A break, pause or vacation. Spring recess offers a good chance to travel.
    • Macaulay The recess of … Parliament lasted six weeks.
  2. An inset, hole, space or opening. Put a generous recess behind the handle for finger space.
    • Washington Irving a bed which stood in a deep recess
  3. (US) A time of play, usually, on a playground. Students who do not listen in class will not play outside during recess.
  4. A decree of the imperial diet of the old German empire. {{rfquotek}}
  5. (archaic) A withdrawing or retiring; a moving back; retreat. the recess of the tides
    • South every degree of ignorance being so far a recess and degradation from rationality
    • Eikon Basilike My recess hath given them confidence that I may be conquered.
  6. (archaic) The state of being withdrawn; seclusion; privacy.
    • Sir M. Hale In the recess of the jury they are to consider the evidence.
    • Dryden Good verse recess and solitude requires.
  7. (archaic) A place of retirement, retreat, secrecy, or seclusion.
    • Milton Departure from his happy place, our sweet / Recess, and only consolation left.
  8. A secret or abstruse part. the difficulties and recesses of science {{rfquotek}}
  9. (botany, zoology) A sinus.
Synonyms: (a break) break, day off, pause, vacation
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To inset into something, or to recede. Wow, look at how that gargoyle recesses into the rest of architecture. Recess the screw so it does not stick out.
  2. (intransitive) To take or declare a break. This court shall recess for its normal two hour lunch now. Class will recess for 20 minutes.
  3. (transitive, informal) To appoint, with a recess appointment.
    • 2013, Michael Grunwald, "Cliff Dweller", in , ISSN 0040-781X, volume 181, number 1, 2013 January 14, page 27: To the National Rifle Association's delight, the Senate has hobbled the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives by failing to confirm a director since 2006, but Obama hasn't made a recess appointment.… "The President's view of his own power is a constrained one," says White House counsel Kathryn Ruemmler. "Many of his nominees have languished, but he's only recessed the ones that were critical to keep agencies functioning."
  4. To make a recess in. to recess a wall
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete, rare) Remote, distant (in time or place). Thomas Salusbury: Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems: I should think it best in the subsequent discourses to begin to examine whether the Earth be esteemed immoveable, as it hath been till now believed by most men, or else moveable, as some ancient Philosophers held, and others of not very recesse times were of opinion;
  • screes
recessionista etymology recession + ista, after the pattern of fashionista.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A woman who can dress stylish on a tight budget.
Synonyms: frugalista
reconcile {{wikipedia}} etymology From Latin reconciliō. pronunciation
  • /ˈɹɛkənsaɪl/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To restore a friendly relationship; to bring back to harmony. to reconcile people who have quarrelled
  2. To make things compatible or consistent. to reconcile differences
    • Alexander Pope Some figures monstrous and misshaped appear, / Considered singly, or beheld too near; / Which, but proportioned to their light or place, / Due distance reconciles to form and grace.
    • John Locke The great men among the ancients understood how to reconcile manual labour with affairs of state.
  3. To make the net difference in credit and debit of a financial account agree with the balance.
red pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹɛd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}} (past tense/participle)
etymology 1 From Middle English red, from Old English rēad, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz (compare Western Frisian read, Low German root, rod, Dutch rood, German rot, Danish rød), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós 〈*h₁rowdʰós〉, from the root *h₁rewdʰ- 〈*h₁rewdʰ-〉 (compare Welsh rhudd, Latin ruber, rufus, xto rtär, txb ratre, Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός 〈erythrós〉, Albanian pruth, Church Slavic рудъ 〈rudʺ〉, Lithuanian raúdas, Avestan raoidita{{rfscript}}, Sanskrit रुधिर 〈rudhira〉).
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having red as its color. The girl wore a red skirt.
    • Shakespeare Your colour, I warrant you, is as red as any rose.
  2. Of hair, having an orange-brown colour; ginger. Her hair had red highlights.
  3. (often, capitalized) Leftwing, socialist, or communist.
    • "Only Nixon could go to China" was the refrain of conventional wisdom during Richard Nixon’s 1972 official visit to Mao Tse-tung’s regime. Nixon’s anti-communist credentials, however dubious, provided useful camouflage as he opened diplomatic relations with Red China and made breathtaking concessions that an undisguised liberal couldn’t get away with.
  4. (US, modern) Supportive of or dominated by the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party. a red state a red Congress
  5. (US, modern) Of, pertaining to, or run by (a member of) the political party represented by the color red, especially the U.S. Republican Party. a red advertisement
  6. (British) Supportive of the Labour Party.
  7. (Germany, politics) Related to the . the red-black grand coalition
  8. (astronomy) Of the lower-frequency region of the (typically visible) part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is relevant in the specific observation.
  9. (particle physics) Having a color charge of red.
  • (having red as its colour) nonred, unred
  • (having red as its colour charge) antired
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable and uncountable) Any of a range of colour having the longest wavelengths, 670 nm, of the visible spectrum; a primary additive colour for transmitted light: the colour obtained by subtracting green and blue from white light using magenta and yellow filters; the colour of blood, ripe strawberries, etc. {{color panel}}
  2. (countable) A revolutionary socialist or (most commonly) a Communist; (usually capitalized) a Bolshevik, a supporter of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War.
  3. (countable, snooker) One of the 15 red balls used in snooker, distinguished from the colour.
  4. (countable and uncountable) Red wine.
    • {{quote-song }}
  5. (slang) The drug secobarbital; a capsule of this drug.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005), page 202: The big market, these days, is in Downers. Reds and smack—Seconal and heroin—and a hellbroth of bad domestic grass sprayed with everything from arsenic to horse tranquillizers.
  6. (informal) A red light a traffic signal
  7. (Ireland, UK, beverages, informal) red lemonade
  8. (particle physics) One of the three color charge for quark.
etymology 2 From the archaic verb rede.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (archaic) en-past of rede
etymology 3 From Old English hreddan, from Proto-Germanic *hradjaną.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative spelling of redd
etymology 4 From Middle English, from gml, compare Dutch redden.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, Pennsylvania) alternative spelling of redd
  • DRE, ERD
redback {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From red + back.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia) A venomous spider, {{taxlink}}, endemic to Australia.
    • 1988 June 16, Stephanie Pain, Things that go plop in the night, , [http//|%22redbacks%22+australia+-intitle:%22redback%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nOD_T6OPMI6biQfp7NjrBw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false page 78], “If you find a redback, squash it firmly,” advised one guide.
    • 2005 October, Martha Harrison, Brilliant 10: Marydianne Andrade, , [http//|%22redbacks%22+australia+-intitle:%22redback%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nOD_T6OPMI6biQfp7NjrBw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false page 58], Andrade first encountered the redback— whose lethal bite gives it as infamous a reputation in Australia as the black widow enjoys here in North America—when her grad-school adviser asked to travel to go to Perth to study them.
    • 2007, Steve Backshall, Steve Backshall's Venom: Poisonous Animals in the Natural World, page 114, Easily identified by a red, orange or brownish stripe on the abdomen, Redbacks are responsible for by far the most spider bites in Australia.
    • 2012, Peter Macinnis, Australian Backyard Naturalist, page 55, The only truly dangerous Australian spiders are funnelwebs and redbacks but, these days, deaths of people from these spiders seem to be a thing of the past since antivenom is now available.
  2. (US) A brown and white sandpiper, Calidris alpina, native to the Northern Hemisphere; the dunlin.
Synonyms: (Latrodectus hasselti) {{vern}}, (Calidris alpina)
etymology 2 {{blend}} Derived from greenback, the currency of the United States of America, except using Communist Red
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) the yuan (CNY), the currency of the People's Republic of China (Red Chinese money)
coordinate terms:
  • red chip
red ball {{wikipedia}} etymology From a routing system on the Santa Fe Railroad in the early 1900s. Fast freight trains which were to receive priority routing were marked with placards depicting a red disc, and were called "red ball" trains. Alternative forms: redball
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (police, slang) A high-profile high-priority case which draws political or media attention.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (railroads) Of or related to priority freight or the trains that carry it.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
red biddy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A cheap alcoholic drink made from mixing red wine and methanol.
red car {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical, informal) A streetcar of the former Pacific Electric Railway mass transit system that went all across Greater Los Angeles. My father used to talk about how you could take a red car just about anywhere in the Los Angeles area
  2. (historical) The entire now-defunct corporation and system of the Pacific Electric Railway. The red car operated from 1901–1961.
red card
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sports) A card displayed by the referee when a player is sent off for a serious infringement of the rules.
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. (colloquial) Any official instructions to vacate an area. I hoped to park in the members' area but the attendant showed me the red card.
coordinate terms:
  • yellow card
red cent etymology Probably from the color of the copper in which the coin was minted.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A copper penny.
  2. (US, colloquial) A very small amount of money. I wouldn't pay one red cent for a ticket.
    • Falling Backwards: A Memoir, page 158, Jann Arden, 2011, “My dad said he wasn't going to pay the bastards ten red cents.”
  • Usually used in the negative.
  • centred
  • credent
Red China etymology Red + China From Red meaning communist, and China
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang) The People's Republic of China
redcoat {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: red coat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A British soldier, especially during the American Revolution.
    • A. E. Housman, A Shropshire Lad The street sounds to the soldiers’ tread, / And out we troop to see: / A single redcoat turns his head, / He turns and looks at me.
  2. A member of the entertainment staff at Butlin's holiday camps in the United Kingdom, who wear red blazer.
    • Mirror News 16 May 13. The series ran from 1980 until 1988, and won a BAFTA for Best Comedy Series in 1984. It was based on Perry’s experiences working as a Redcoat in Butlins.
  3. (slang) A fox.
    • 1947, Pennsylvania Game News (volumes 18-19, page 30) Hurriedly he made his way around one end of the pond to the spot where he had first sighted the redcoat.
The soldier and entertainment staff uses are sometimes capitalised. Synonyms: (British soldier) lobsterback
  • Art Deco
  • cordate
red cunt hair
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) An extremely small measurement.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
Synonyms: RCH, RPH, red pussy hair
etymology 1 Fusion of Middle English redden, from Old English hreddan, from Proto-Germanic *hradjaną and Middle English reden, from Old English ġerǣdan, from Proto-Germanic *garaidijaną. More at rid, ready. Alternative forms: red
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To put in order; to make tidy; generally with up. to redd up a house.
  2. (colloquial) To free from entanglement.
  3. (colloquial) To free from embarrassment.
  4. (Scotland and Northern England) To fix boundaries.
  5. (Scotland and Northern England) To comb hair.
  6. (Scotland and Northern England) To separate combatant.
  7. (Scotland and Northern England) To settle, usually a quarrel.
  8. (obsolete) To save, rescue, deliver Þe children þerwiþ fram deþe he redde.Floris and Blauncheflur Whi ne mighttestow wiþ lesse greue han yredd us fram helle?Ancrene Riwle
etymology 2 From Middle English, from Old Norse rydhja, gml, compare Dutch redden. Alternative forms: red
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, Pennsylvania) To clean, tidy up, to put in order. I've got to redd up the place before your mother gets back.
etymology 3 Origin obscure, possibly from the act of the fish scooping, clearing out a spawning place, see redd above.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A spawning nest made by a fish.
    • 2007, Michael Klesius, Fishes' Riches, National Geographic (March 2007), 32, A female chinook salmon digs her redd, or nest, prior to spawning in Oregon's John Day River.
etymology 4 From the archaic verb rede or read
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of rede
  2. (obsolete) en-past of read Verrelie that which I have heard and redd in the woorde of GodThe Works of John Knox, 1841
red-eye {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: redeye etymology red + eye
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Overnight: said of airplane flight.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An overnight airplane flight. I waited too late to book my holiday flight, so I had to take the red-eye.
  2. The rudd.
  3. The redfish
  4. (US, dialect) The goggle-eye, the fresh-water rock bass.
Redfella Alternative forms: redfella etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A member of the Russian mafia.
    • 2007, , Overkill, Berkley Sensation (2007), ISBN 9780739488386, page 183: Maybe posted photos on the Internet so everyone would remember the Redfelllas were a force to be reckoned with.
  • {{seemoreCites}}
Red Indian etymology From the red color of their skin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, offensive) An American Indian, a Native American.
  • Indian red
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. rubricator
  2. (informal, cricket) A not out batsman (whose score is recorded in red ink)
redist etymology redistributable
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) A redistributable software component.
    • 2006, "Phil Wilson", Windows File Protection Problem (on newsgroup microsoft.public.platformsdk.msi) There are a handful of allowed ways to update system files (service packs, hotfixes, MS update, redists like MDAC) and people building install packages just need to figure out which redist or SP gets the files updated to the level they think they need.
Red Kurdistan
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (colloquial) the Kurdistan Autonomous Oblast.
redleg etymology red + leg
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A bird, the redshank.
  2. A bird, the turnstone.
  3. (Caribbean, derogatory) A member of a class of poor white people, originally from Ireland, Scotland and the west of England, now living on Barbados, St. Vincent, Grenada and a few other Caribbean island.
{{Webster 1913}}
red man Alternative forms: redman
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: red, man
  2. (now, considered an ethnic slur and offensive) An American Indian, a Native American.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: redskin, see also
red mange
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (colloquial) demodectic mange
  • gendarme
Redmondian etymology Redmond + ian, from , Washington, US, where Microsoft has its headquarters.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, computing) Of or pertaining to .
    • 1999, Network World (volume 16, number 29, July 1999) In essence, anyone who speaks ill of Linux in any context and under any circumstances is a Redmondian demi-demon or an infidel...
    • 2003, Steve Bass, PC annoyances: how to fix the most annoying things about your personal computer With typical Redmondian logic, the company hid Hotmail's address-book importing feature in Outlook Express, where it's called Synchronize Now and doesn't mention Hotmail.
    • 2006, Yogesh Shetty, Samir Jayaswal, Practical .NET for financial markets .NET innovation is the culmination of the "Redmondian" imagination.
Synonyms: Microsoftian
redneck etymology Compound of red + neck.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) An uneducated, unsophisticated, or poor white person, typically used to describe residents (of any gender)[ Country Music Lyrics New Country Tunes] of the rural Southern United States.
  2. (slang) The nickname given to miners who wore red bandana for identification during the West Virginia mine war of 1921.[ West Virginia Division of Culture and History]
  3. (UK, archaic) The nickname given to Roman Catholics in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Synonyms: cracker, hick, hillbilly, peckerwood, white trash
redneckish etymology redneck + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, chiefly US) Like or indicative of a redneck or rednecks; rural, uneducated, unsophisticated, etc.
rednecky etymology redneck + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, chiefly US) Like a redneck; rural, uneducated, unsophisticated, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) A socialist or communist.
redshank {{rfi}} {{wikipedia}} {{wikispecies}} etymology red + shank
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Either of two species of Old World wading bird in the genus Tringa that have long red legs.
  2. (obsolete, derogatory) A bare-legged person; one of the Scottish Highlander, who wore kilt. {{rfquotek}}
redskin Alternative forms: Redskin etymology From red + skin, from the reddish color of paint applied to their skin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now, considered an ethnic slur and offensive) An American Indian, a Native American.
    • 1699, Henry Smith or a relative, possibly quoting another colonist: Ye first Meeting House was solid mayde to withstande ye wicked onsaults of the Red Skins.
Synonyms: red man, see
  • drinkes
red tape etymology
  • Thought to allude to the former practice of binding government documents in red-coloured tape
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. The binding tape once used for holding important documents together.
    • {{RQ:WBsnt IvryGt}} At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
  2. (idiomatic) Time-consuming regulation or bureaucratic procedures. exampleAll the red tape and paperwork that goes on there prevents any progress.
Synonyms: administrivia, administrativia, paperwork
  • adepter
  • predate
  • retaped
  • tapered
reductive etymology From Middle French réductif, and its source, ll reductivus, from the participle stem of Latin reducere. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹᵻˈdʌktɪv/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Scottish legal, now rare) Pertaining to the reduction of a decree etc.; rescissory. {{defdate}}
  2. Causing the physical reduction or diminution of something. {{defdate}}
  3. (chemistry, metallurgy, biology) That reduce a substance etc. to a more simple or basic form. {{defdate}}
    • 1848, F Knapp, Chemical Technology; Or, Chemistry Applied to the Arts and to Manufactures: On the relative reductive powers of different classes of American coals, as demonstrated by the experiments with oxide of lead.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  4. (now rare, historical) That can be derived from, or referred back to, something else. {{defdate}}
    • 1847, John Johnson, The theological works of the rev. John Johnson: But then beside the primary and direct sense of the text, the ancients commonly supposed that there was a reductive or anagogical meaning, in which it might be taken.
  5. (now frequently pejorative) That reduces an argument, issue etc. to its most basic terms; simplistic, reductionist. {{defdate}}
  • oxidative
red under the bed etymology From red (meaning communist) and the traditional child's fear of a monster lurking under the bed.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An insidious communist presence; a communist who has infiltrate capitalist society.
This term is most commonly encountered in the plural. The term tends to be used in a tongue-in-cheek or ironic manner.
reef break
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (surfing, slang) A wave that breaks over a projection from the seabed formed from coral reef or rock shelf.
related terms:
  • beach break
  • point break
  • break free
reefer pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹiːfə/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From reef + er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (nautical) Someone who reef sails, especially a midshipman.
    • 1922, Katherine Mansfield, ‘Prelude’, Oxford 2002 (Selected Stories), p. 85: Her reefer cap was all on one side and on her cheek there was the print of an anchor button she had pressed on while sleeping.
  2. A reefer jacket; a close-fitting jacket or short coat of thick cloth.
etymology 2 Shortened form of refrigerator.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, chiefly US) A refrigerated, insulated trailer or shipping container.
etymology 3 Origin uncertain. Perhaps compare regional Spanish grifa (Mexico), grifo (Central America).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A marijuana cigarette.
  2. (slang, uncountable) marijuana.
    • 1982, Grandmaster Flash, : Daddy I don't want to go to school because the teacher's a jerk, he must think I'm a fool and all the kids smoke reefer, I think it'd be cheaper if I just got a job learned to be a street sweeper.
Synonyms: (marijuana cigarette) See also
reek pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /riːk/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rek, reke, from Old English rēc, rīec, from Proto-Germanic *raukiz (compare West Frisian reek, riik, Dutch rook, Low German Röök, German Rauch, Danish røg, Norwegian røyk), from Proto-Indo-European *rougi- (compare Lithuanian rukti ‘to smoke’, rukas ‘smoke, fog’, Albanian regj ‘to tan’).Vladimir Orel, ''A Handbook of Germanic Etymology'', s.vv. “*raukiz”, “*reukanan”(Leiden: Brill, 2003), 299:303.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A strong unpleasant smell.
  2. Vapor; steam; smoke; fume.
    • Shakespeare As hateful to me as the reek of a limekiln.
etymology 2 From Middle English reken ‘to smoke’, from Old English rēocan, from Proto-Germanic *reukaną (compare Dutch ruiken, Low German rüken, German riechen, Danish ryge, Swedish ryka), from Proto-Indo-European *rougi. See above.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (archaic, intransitive) To be emitted or exhaled, emanate, as of vapour or perfume.
  2. To have or give off a strong, unpleasant smell. You reek of perfume. Your fridge reeks of egg.
  3. (figuratively) To be evidently associated with something unpleasant. The boss appointing his nephew as a director reeks of nepotism.
etymology 3 Probably a transferred use (after Irish cruach stack (of corn), pile, mountain, hill) of a variant of rick (with which it is cognate).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Ireland) A hill; a mountain.
  • kere
reem pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹiːm/, /ɹɪˈɛm/
etymology 1 From hbo רְאֵם 〈rĕʼém〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large horned animal in ancient Hebrew literature, variously identified with the wild ox or aurochs (Bos primigenius), the Arabian oryx, or a mythical creature (compare unicorn).
etymology 2 Compare ream
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, nautical) To open (the seams of a vessel's planking) for the purpose of calking them.
etymology 3 Of unclear origins, popularised by . Possibly derived from cream or ream.2014, November 22, Dot Wordsworth, [ Does Joey Essex know what ‘reem’ actually means?], ''The Spectator''
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, chiefly, Essex, slang) cool, excellent.
    • 2011 June 13, Julie McCaffrey, "Forget a suntan, fake it, safely bake or soothe it", The Mirror: The cast of The Only Way Is Essex have tried every fake tan in the universe and insist this is best before a reem night out.
    • 2012, Becci Fox, Confessions of an Essex Girl: A Smart, Sexy and Scandalously Funny Expose, Pan Macmillan (ISBN 9781447213024) Imagine a totally reem Hogwarts where Harry Potter looks like he should be in a Wham! video while Hermione's always on her pink BlackBerry and trying to catch Ron's attention by rolling up her skirt higher and higher.
    • 2014, Joey Essex, Being Reem, Hachette UK (ISBN 9781444794342) Room service: The reemest way to get food! … The party royal is the most reem though because he goes to Vegas.
ref pronunciation
  • (US) /ɹɛf/
  • {{rhymes}}
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. reference
  2. refectory
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Short form of referee.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) to referee; to act as a referee in a sport or game.
  • f***er, fer
referral etymology refer + al pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ɹɪˈfɝəl/
  • (RP) /ɹɪˈfɜːɹəl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act or process of transferring someone or something to another, of sending by reference, or refer. The insurance company insists I get a referral from my regular doctor, I can't just go to the specialist, a GP has got to refer me.
  2. (slang) A document used by schools detailing some form of a student's misbehavior and listing the actions taken before and after the student's receipt of the referral. After misbehaving in class, George was given a referral for disrupting class and sent to the office.
reffo etymology From refugee + o. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, derogatory, ethnic slur) A refugee who has settled in Australia.
    • 1980, Emery Barcs, Backyard of Mars: Memoirs of the “Reffo” Period in Australia, [http//|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22reffo%22|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QqECUIyOLtCiiAe0lJjHCw&redir_esc=y page 73], ‘It may be like this,’ he said ‘Australians are too bloody scared to be frankly unpleasant: Most of them hate the guts of reffos and other alien intruders, especially Jews and Dagos. But they like being liked and cannot resist giving help if it is needed, except, of course, if it′s the boss who needs it.…’
    • 2007, , Orpheus Lost, 2010, HarperCollins, [http//|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QqECUIyOLtCiiAe0lJjHCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22reffo%22|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], On the top floor behind the gabled windows, it was rumored, the reffo family slept. Mishka did not know, until he began attending the regional school in Mossman at the age of six, that he was a reffo. He was born in the Daintree. His mother before him was born in Daintree. But his grandparents had arrived as refugees from a concentration camp in 1946 and the Bartoks were still a reffo family.
    • 2010, Alison Booth, Stillwater Creek, 2011, [http//|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QqECUIyOLtCiiAe0lJjHCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22reffo%22|%22reffos%22|%22reffoes%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 56], ‘There are the reffoes,’ he said loudly. ‘Been here for over a week now and hardly been out at all.…’
  • offer
refidex Alternative forms: Refidex etymology From the name (Refidex) of a particular brand of street directory, possibly from ref(erence) + (i)n(dex).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, Queensland, informal, trademark erosion) Any street directory.
    • 1997, Melissa Lucashenko, Steam pigs, page 76: And with a refidex in the glovebox, she couldn't see any huge problems.
    • 1998 December 10, "Roy Wilke" (username), "Shortest distance between stations", in aus-rail, Usenet: The refidex shows that Clayfield and Hendra are 500 metres apart, and "Airport" and "Eagle Farm" are 1.1km apart.
    • 1999 April 6, "Ben Fowler" (username), "Linux user groups for Brisbane??I", in aus.computers.linux, Usenet: The meetings themselves are held in Hawken Building at UQ (building 50 on the campus refidexes), and the next one will be Saturday week.
    • 2001 December 28, "Cruiser" (username), "The Week in Review (v long)", in alt.ozdebate, Usenet: I'm driving, Kristy's navigating. For somebody who isn't used to reading a refidex she does a damn fine job.
    • 2010, : Even when UBD (Universal Business Directory’s) bought out Refidex, they continued to put Refidex on the front cover. Actually any street directory to a Brisbanite is a “refidex”.
refreshaholic etymology From refresh + -aholic. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɪˌfɹɛʃəˈhɒlɪk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) Someone who feels a compulsion to continually refresh their internet browser.
refrigerator pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɹɪˈfɹɪdʒəɹˌeɪtə/
  • (US) /ɹɪˈfɹɪdʒəˌɹeɪɾɚ/, /ɹəˈfɹɪdʒəˌɹeɪɾɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A household appliance used for keeping food fresh by refrigeration (short form fridge).
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. One who has a chill influence.
    • Charles Dickens, Bleak House … in a state of sublime satisfaction, he moves among the company, a magnificent refrigerator.
Synonyms: fridge, frigerator, icebox
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • fridge
  • fridge-freezer
  • refrigerate
  • refrigeration
refrigerator mother {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: refrigerator mom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, idiomatic, pejorative) An emotional frigid mother, who does not exhibit normal care or love for her child or children.
    • 1979 April 7, Helen Kohl, "The Strange Ones" Autism can be brought into our world," Montreal Gazette (Canada) (retrieved 18 Nov 2012): It was not until 1943 that Dr. Leo Kanner, an American pschiatrist, first diagnosed the syndrome in 11 children. . . . Kanner and others once postulated that these children were the products of "refrigerator mothers," women who are overly cold and intellectual.
    • 2010, John W. Oller Jr and Stephen D. Oller, Autism: The Diagnosis, Treatment, & Etiology of the Undeniable Epidemic, ISBN 9780763752804, p. 49: No present-day researcher takes the idea of the refrigerator mother as the cause of autism seriously.
  • Usually used in the context of the now discredit belief that the attitude and behavior of such mothers causes autism or schizophrenia in offspring.
refuck etymology re + fuck
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (vulgar) to fuck again; to have sex again.
  • fucker
Refugee Regatta etymology From refugee + regatta, referring to the fact that the influxes tend to be seasonal, occurring normally during the cooler months.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, Darwin, colloquial, slang, offensive) An influx of illegal immigrant or refugee attempting to enter the country by sea; an influx of boat people.
    • 1983, , Caught In The Act, song, on the album , Get an Esky, fill it full of cans, get your dope, go down to the beach, roll a big spliff about that long sit on the beach at sunset, have a few cans, and watch what they call up in Darwin the Refugee Regatta.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
refujew etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) A Jewish refugee.
    • 1938, Anne Jackson Fremantle, Loyal enemy ...Basque children, White Russians or refujews, but a whole empire in agony, a mastodon at bay, is beyond the limit of our imaginations.
    • 1990, Frederic Raphael, After the war 'Fancy him having a refujew in his gang,' Gladstone said.
refurb pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹiːˈfɜː(ɹ)b/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Shortening of refurbish
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) to refurbish
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
etymology 2 Shortening of refurbished
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a thing that has been refurbished Most of the trains running today are refurbs.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
etymology 3 Shortening of refurbishment
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The act of refurbishing The refurb program is progressing on schedule
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
refusenik etymology {{wikipedia}} refuse + nik
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Soviet Union, slang) One of the Jewish citizens of the former Soviet Union who were refused permission to emigrate.
  2. (colloquial) A person characterized by a particular refusal (especially one related to human rights.)
related terms:
  • recusant
regen etymology Abbreviation
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. regeneration
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) regenerate
  • genre
  • green, Green
  • neger
regift Alternative forms: re-gift
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) To give something as a gift which the giver previously received as a gift; to give to a person something previously received as a gift.
    • 2007, Sue Fox, Etiquette for Dummies, [http//|regifting|regifted%22&hl=en&ei=5Wn_TYTmBI-ougOb5PiMAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFUQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q&f=false page 252], Be upfront when giving the re-gifted item.
    • 2008, Jeanne Bice, The Ultimate Christmas: The Best Experts' Advice for a Memorable Season with Stories and Photos of Holiday Magic, [http//|regifting|regifted%22&hl=en&ei=5Wn_TYTmBI-ougOb5PiMAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEIQ6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=%22regifts|regifting|regifted%22&f=false page 231], Don't tell the person who is receiving the gift that he/she is being regifted.
    • 2008, Yvonne Jeffery, Liz Barclay, Michael Grosvenor, Green Living For Dummies, [http//|regifted%22&hl=en&ei=Dl__Ta2EDoSOvQONqc2uDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwADgU#v=onepage&q=%22regifting|regifted%22&f=false page 125], It's not usually acceptable to regift an item that's used rather than new. On the other hand, regifting something that's important to you and thus sharing its value with the recipient is actually quite generous and thoughtful.
    • 2009, Delilah Scott, Emma Troy, The Upside-Down Christmas Tree: And Other Bizarre Yuletide Tales, [http//|regifted%22&hl=en&ei=S1n_TdCsEMisrAeY3enmDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBzgK#v=onepage&q=%22regifting|regifted%22&f=false page 112], But before you do any real regifting, you need to learn the rules.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A gift which has been given to a second or subsequent recipient.
    • 2006, , Volume 145, page 144, Fortunately, I'd brought a selection of consolation prizes, Christmas regifts all, and so Ritchie the stranded F-250 driver became the recipient of a very nice scented candle.
    • 2007, Joshua Piven, David Borgenicht, The Complete Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook, page 374, Some regifts, particularly distinctive ones, may make the rounds (see “How to Repurpose a Fruitcake,” facing page) and end up being regifted to the original giver, a situation you may find hard to explain.
    • 2008, Jeanne Bice, The Ultimate Christmas: The Best Experts' Advice for a Memorable Season with Stories and Photos of Holiday Magic, page 233, Food and drink are the most likely type of unwanted items to be passed along, accounting for 35 percent of all regifts, versus 23 percent for beauty and bath products and 18 percent for trinkets and collectibles.
  • fergit
rego etymology From registration + o.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, colloquial, Australia, New Zealand) Registration for a motor vehicle. The police pulled me over for driving with an expired rego.
    • 2003, Australian Senate, Parliamentary Debates (Hansard), [http//|%22regos%22+australia+-intitle:%22rego%22+-inauthor:%22rego%22&dq=%22rego%22|%22regos%22+australia+-intitle:%22rego%22+-inauthor:%22rego%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=W48GUJm8D8nYigeDsITdCA&redir_esc=y page 18057], You might give these people a badge or some livery for their boat and you can give them a discount on the rego of their boat.
    • 2007, Archie Gerzee, WOW! Tales of a Larrikin Adventurer, [http//|%22regos%22+australia+-intitle:%22rego%22+-inauthor:%22rego%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=W48GUJm8D8nYigeDsITdCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rego%22|%22regos%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22rego%22%20-inauthor%3A%22rego%22&f=false page 223], They gave us permission to drive in Australia under the British rego, meaning we still had our GB number plates.
    • 2008, Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Peter Dragicevich, Justin Flynn, Paul Harding, East Coast Australia, [http//|%22regos%22+australia+-intitle:%22rego%22+-inauthor:%22rego%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=W48GUJm8D8nYigeDsITdCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rego%22|%22regos%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22rego%22%20-inauthor%3A%22rego%22&f=false page 501], When you come to buy or sell a car, every state has its own regulations, particularly with rego (registration).
  2. (uncountable, colloquial, Australia, New Zealand) The fee required for such registration. David couldn′t drive his car as he hadn′t paid his rego.
  3. (countable, colloquial, Australia, New Zealand) The registration number of a motor vehicle, used by police to access registration details such as the identity of the owner.
    • 1984, Renfrey Clarke, The Picket: Tasmanian Mine Workers Defend Their Jobs, page 84, “They also got the regos of the cars. There were two commercial travelers whose cars were trapped inside by the pickets, and they got hit with writs.…”
    • 2010, Alex Palmer, The Labyrinth of Drowning, HarperCollins Australia, unnumbered page, A line of cars was parked along one side, presumably belonging to the sex workers and their clients. ‘Get their regos,’ Borghini said to one of his people.
  • ergo
  • goer
  • gore
  • ogre, Ogre
regruntle etymology re + gruntle, from disgruntle.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (humorous) To return to humour; to cause a disgruntled person to cease being upset.
    • 1946, Printers’ Ink, volume 217, p. 42: Here, he thought, is a man in need of a thorough regruntling job.
    • 1981, Time, volume 117, p. 46: If the polls reflect a state of public disgruntlement, he [the president] is supposed to take charge of regruntling.
Synonyms: gruntle
etymology 1
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of reg
etymology 2 Shortening of regular + s (possibly either genitive or plural).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Low-grade or commercial-grade marijuana.
Synonyms: mersh, schwag
coordinate terms:
  • mids, middies
  • kine bud, kind bud, KB, KBs
  • heads, headies
  • ergs
regular {{wikipedia}} etymology From xno reguler, Middle French reguler, regulier, and their source, Latin rēgulāris, from rēgula, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *reg-. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}} /ˈɹɛɡjʊlə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹɛɡjəlɚ/, /ˈɹɛɡl̩ɚ/, [ˈɹɛɡjɪ̈lɚ], [ˈɹɛɡl̩ɚ]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Christianity) Bound by religious rule; belonging to a monastic or religious order (often as opposed to secular). {{defdate}}
    • 2002, Colin Jones (historian), The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, page 201: A quarter of a million strong in 1680, the clergy was only half as large in 1789. The unpopular regular clergy were the worst affected.
  2. Having a constant pattern; showing evenness of form or appearance. {{defdate}}
  3. (geometry, of a polygon) Having all sides of the same length, and all (corresponding) angles of the same size {{defdate}}
  4. (geometry, of a polyhedron) Whose face are all congruent regular polygons, equally inclined to each other.
  5. Demonstrating a consistent set of rule; showing order, evenness of operation or occurrence. {{defdate}}
    • 2011, AL Kennedy, The Guardian, 12 Apr 2011: April may be the cruellest month, but I am planning to render it civilised and to take my antibiotics in a regular manner.
  6. (now, rare) Well-behaved, orderly; restrained (of a lifestyle etc.). {{defdate}}
  7. Happening at constant (especially short) interval. {{defdate}} exampleHe made regular visits to go see his mother.
  8. (grammar, of a verb, plural, etc) Following a set or common pattern; according to the normal rules of a given language. {{defdate}} exampleThe verb "to walk" is regular.
  9. (chiefly, US) Having the expected characteristics or appearances; normal, ordinary, standard. {{defdate}}
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “For a spell we done pretty well. Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand.”
  10. (chiefly, military) Permanently organised; being part of a set professional body of troops. {{defdate}}
  11. Having bowel movements or menstrual period at constant intervals in the expected way. {{defdate}} exampleMaintaining a high-fibre diet keeps you regular.
  12. (colloquial) Exemplary; excellent example of; utter, downright. {{defdate}} examplea regular genius; a regular John Bull
  13. Belonging to a monastic order or community. regular clergy, in distinction from the secular clergy
  14. (botany, zoology) Having all the parts of the same kind alike in size and shape. a regular flower; a regular sea urchin
  15. (crystallography) isometric
  16. (snowboarding) Riding with the left foot forward. BBC Sport, [ "Sochi 2014: A jargon-busting guide to the halfpipe"], 11 February 2014
  17. (analysis, not comparable, of a Borel measure) Such that every set in its domain is both outer regular and inner regular.
Synonyms: (with constant frequency) uniform, (normal) normal, (grammar) weak (verbs), (frequent) steady
  • (with constant frequency) irregular
  • (normal) irregular
  • (obeying rules) irregular
  • (grammar) irregular, strong (verbs)
  • (snowboarding) goofy
related terms: {{rel-top3}}
  • irregular
  • quasiregular
  • rail
  • régime
  • regimen
  • regulate
  • regulation
  • regularity
  • regularly
  • rule
  • semiregular
coordinate terms:
  • (snowboarding) switch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A member of the British Army (as opposed to a member of the Territorial Army or Reserve).
  2. A frequent, routine visitor to an establishment. Bartenders usually know their regulars by name.
  3. A frequent customer, client or business partner. This gentleman was one of the architect's regulars.
  4. (Canada) A coffee with one cream and one sugar.
  5. Anything that is normal or standard.
    • 2011, Jamie MacLennan, ZhaoHui Tang, Bogdan Crivat, Data Mining with Microsoft SQL Server 2008 You separate the marbles by color until you have four groups, but then you notice that some of the marbles are regulars, some are shooters, and some are peewees.
regular expression {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing theory) A concise description of a regular formal language with notations for concatenation, alternation, and iteration (repetition) of subexpression.
  2. (computing more generally) Any pattern for text matching or searching, frequently offering more or less functionality than a theoretical regular expression.
Synonyms: regex, regexp
ReHi Alternative forms: rehi
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang) Hello again.
  • {{seeCites}}
  • heir
  • hire
reich-wing Alternative forms: Reich-wing, Reich wing etymology {{blend}}, with the intent being to convey the view that the political right shares qualities with the Third Reich, or is otherwise extreme, fascistic, etc.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) Right-wing.
reject {{wikipedia}} etymology From Late Middle English rejecten, from Latin rēiectus, past participle of rēicere, "to throw back", from rē-, back, + iacere, to throw. Displaced native Middle English forwerpen (from Old English forweorpan), Middle English forcasten (from Old Norse forkasta), Middle English skirpen (from Old Norse skirpa), Middle English wernen (from Old English wyrnan), Middle English withchosen (from Old English wiþċēosan). pronunciation
  • (verb) {{enPR}}, /rɪˈdʒɛkt/
  • (noun) {{enPR}}, /ˈriːdʒɛkt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To refuse to accept.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 4 , “One morning I had been driven to the precarious refuge afforded by the steps of the inn, after rejecting offers from the Celebrity to join him in a variety of amusements. But even here I was not free from interruption, for he was seated on a horse-block below me, playing with a fox terrier.”
    exampleShe even rejected my improved offer.
  2. (basketball) To block a shot, especially if it sends the ball off the court.
Synonyms: (refuse to accept) decline, refuse, turn down, repudiate, disown, abnegate, abjure, deny
  • (refuse to accept) accept, take up
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something that is rejected.
  2. (derogatory slang) An unpopular person.
Synonyms: (something that is rejected) castaway, (an unpopular person) outcast, castaway, alien
related terms:
  • rejection
rejuvenile etymology re + juvenile. Compare rejuvenate.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An adult whose interests and activities are characteristic of those of children.
    • 2007, Tony Dokoupil, "Forty-Year-Old Virgins", Newsweek, 15 December 2007: At $15 to $30 for each action figure, re-staffing the Cobra Command center (home to G.I. Joe's arch-nemesis, Cobra Commander) isn't cheap. So what's driving this rejuvenile movement? Marketing, mostly.
Synonyms: adultescent, kidult
  • {{seemoreCites}}
relationship {{wikipedia}} etymology From relation + ship. pronunciation
  • /ɹɪˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Connection or association; the condition of being relate.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. Kinship; being related by blood or marriage.
  3. A romantic or sexual involvement. exampleWhy are they being mean to her just because she wants a relationship with him?
  4. A way in which two or more people behave and are involved with each other exampleI have a good working relationship with my boss.
    • {{quote-news}}
  5. (music) The level or degree of affinity between keys, chords and tones.
relationshippy etymology relationship + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) relating to, resembling, or describing a (romantic) relationship
    • 2005, Adam Ford, Man Bites Dog (page 54) So we became friends instead. And I think that's great. Better in fact. If we had've done anything relationshippy together I probably would've freaked out.
relax pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Old French relaxer, from Latin relaxāre, from re- + laxāre, from laxus.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To calm down.
  2. (transitive) To make something loose. to relax a rope or cord; to relax the muscles or sinews
    • Milton Horror … all his joints relaxed.
  3. (intransitive) To become loose.
  4. (transitive) To make something less severe or tense. to relax discipline; to relax one's attention or endeavours
  5. (intransitive) To become less severe or tense.
  6. (transitive) To make something (such as codes and regulations) more lenient.
    • Jonathan Swift The stature of mortmain was at several times relaxed by the legislature.
    {{quote-book }}
  7. (intransitive, of codes and regulations) To become more lenient.
  8. (transitive) To relieve (something) from stress. Amusement relaxes the mind.
  9. (transitive, dated) To relieve from constipation; to loosen; to open. An aperient relaxes the bowels.
  • stress, excite
  • laxer
religiofascist Alternative forms: religio-fascist etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory, sometimes used attributively) A hardline religious conservative.
Synonyms: religofascist
religitard etymology religion + tard
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) An adherent of a religion, especially one who is dogmatic.
  • Christard (slang)
  • creotard (slang)
religofascist etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory, sometimes used attributively) A hardline religious conservative.
Synonyms: religiofascist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) relative
relo pronunciation
  • /ˈreləʉ/
Alternative forms: rello etymology From relative + o.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australian, colloquial, informal) A relative.
    • 2001, John Larkin, Nostradamus and Instant Noodles, 2012, [http//|%22relos%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3rsGUJfpDuSOiAf3nMHeCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22relo%22|%22relos%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], ‘Anyway, sorry I′m late,’ said Ian. ‘Wanted to hang with the relos for a bit.’
    • 2006, Tony Davis, Step On It!: A Wild Ride Through the Motor Age, Random House Australia, [http//|%22relos%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z8EGUNaxHqqhiAeClMXGCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false page 17], It was a journey not completed until after dark (there were no headlights) and Bertha was too tired to visit her relos in Pforzheim by the time she arrived.
    • 2010, Stefan Korn, Scott Lancaster, Eric Mooij, Being a Great Dad For Dummies, Australian & New Zealand Edition, [http//|%22relos%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3rsGUJfpDuSOiAf3nMHeCA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22relo%22|%22relos%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], Just ask the relos how often they may want to do it, because you don′t want babysitting to become too much of a chore for them.
  • lore, Orel, orle, role, rôle
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (slang, US, UK) Rear-echelon motherfucker; a soldier far from the front line, especially during the .
    • 2005: Back at the PXs, the REMFs (rear-echelon motherfuckers) [...] were indulging in black-market schemes and pleasures while Stone and his buddies out humping the boonies did the fighting, putting their lives on the line. — Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home (Simon & Schuster 2005, p. 175)
remuddle etymology re + muddle
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To muddle something which had previously been made clear I'm afraid your efforts have only remuddled the issue.
  2. (architecture, pejorative) To remodel a building or room in a way that obscures or destroys key aspects of the original design
-ren etymology {{back-form}}
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (non-standard, humorous) Used to form the plural of nouns.
    • 2006, Timothy White, Catch a fire: the life of Bob Marley: As Ciddy and child had slept soundly under Omeriah's roof, a group of young "kidren" playing outside sang a "ring song" [...]
    • 2006, Alex Wheatle, Island songs: Unruly kidren would fling rockstone after him.
    • 2008, Douglas Sarine, Kent Nichols, The Ninja Handbook: This exercise will help you develop the skills to tell your ninja brethren (and sistren and thingren) apart. Simply match the name of each famous ninja with his/her/its deadly eyes.
renewal {{wikipedia}} etymology renew + al pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of renew.
  2. (fencing) An offensive action made immediately after a parried one
Ren fair
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, informal) Renaissance fair
renminbi {{wikipedia}} etymology From Chinese cmn {{zh-tsp}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The official currency of the People's Republic of China
Synonyms: yuan, RMB, CNY
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) renovation
    • {{quote-news}}
  • oner
  • Oren
  • orné
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, derogatory) a private security guard.
  • co-parent
  • portance
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Short term for something that is rented. It's just a rental, so I don't need to take very good care of it.
  2. The payment made to rent something.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Relating to rent.
  2. Relating to renting.
  • antler, learnt
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) Someone who is prepared to provide comment or opinion to the media on virtually any topic, either in exchange for payment or in order to gain exposure.
rent boy Alternative forms: rentboy etymology From rent + boy. A male is said to be a rent boy if he rents his body out sexually for compensation. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, British, informal) A typically young, usually gay, male prostitute
    • 1992. Donald James West, Buz De Villiers, "Male prostitution", Page 93 An Irishman came up to him, bought him a drink, asked him if he was a rent boy and agreed to give £40 for coming back
    • 2002. Lauren Henderson. "Strawberry Tattoo" He plays a pimp who falls in love with a rent boy.
    • 2007. John Patrick. "Dangerous Boys, Rent Boys", Page 12 Just then, a rent boy with perfect white teeth and a babyface flashed me one of those unforgettable Thai smiles
    My fat friend has to hire rent boys if he wants to get laid because he can't find anyone he finds attractive that find his obesity attractive, pretty sad.
reorg etymology Abbreviated form of reorganization.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A reorganization.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 2007, Michael Lopp, Managing Humans The opportunity lies in the fact that a reorg makes an organization very limber.
  • roger, Roger
repat etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A repatriate.
    • {{quote-news}}
  • apert, apter, pater, petra, Petra, prate, preta, taper, trape
repmobile etymology rep + mobile
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang, sometimes, derogatory) A car of a kind popular with sales representative.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) repossession
  2. (countable, finance) A repurchase agreement: a type of derivative which allows a borrower to use a financial security as collateral for a cash loan at a fixed interest rate
  3. (countable, computing, informal) A source code repository.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) repossess I had my car repoed when I became unable to keep up the payments.
  • pore
  • rope
report {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English reporten, from xno reporter, Middle French reporter, and their source, Latin reportāre, from re- + portare. pronunciation
  • (US) /ɹɪˈpɔɹt/ or sometimes /ɹɪˈpoʊɹt/
  • {{audio}}
  • (UK) /ɹɪˈpɔːt/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (Tasmanian) /ɻəˈpɔː/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To relate details of (an event or incident); to recount, describe (something). {{defdate}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (transitive) To repeat (something one has heard), to retell; to pass on, convey (a message, information etc.). {{defdate}}
  3. (obsolete, reflexive) To take oneself (to someone or something) for guidance or support; to appeal. {{defdate}}
    • {{RQ:Mlry MrtDrthr}}: thenne they ansuerd by and by that they coude not excuse the quene /…/ Allas sayd the quene I made this dyner for a good entente / and neuer for none euyl soo almyghty god me help in my ryght as I was neuer purposed to doo suche euylle dedes / and that I reporte me vnto god
  4. (transitive) Formally to notify someone of (particular intelligence, suspicions, illegality, misconduct etc.); to make notification to relevant authorities; to submit a formal report of. {{defdate}} exampleFor insurance reasons, I had to report the theft to the local police station.
  5. (transitive) To make a formal statement, especially of complaint, about (someone). {{defdate}} exampleIf you do that again I'll report you to the boss.
  6. (intransitive) To show up or appear at an appointed time; to present oneself. {{defdate}}
  7. (ambitransitive) To write news report (for); to cover as a journalist or reporter. {{defdate}} exampleAndrew Marr reports now on more in-fighting at Westminster. exampleEvery newspaper reported the war.
  8. (intransitive) To be accountable. exampleThe financial director reports to the CEO.
  9. (politics, dated) To return or present as the result of an examination or consideration of any matter officially referred. exampleThe committee reported the bill with amendments, or reported a new bill, or reported the results of an inquiry.
  10. To take minutes of (a speech, the doings of a public body, etc.); to write down from the lips of a speaker.
  11. (obsolete) To refer.
    • Thomas Fuller (1606-1661) Baldwin, his son,…succeeded his father; so like unto him that we report the reader to the character of King Almeric, and will spare the repeating his description.
  12. (obsolete, rare) To return or repeat, as sound; to echo.
    • Francis Bacon (1561-1626) a church with windows only form above, that reporteth the voice thirteen times
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A piece of information describing, or an account of certain events given or presented to someone, with the most common adposition being by (referring to creator of the report) and on (referring to the subject. A report by the telecommunications ministry on the phone network revealed a severe capacity problem.
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. (ballistics) The sharp, loud sound from a gun or explosion.
    • 1851, , , While their masters, the mates, seemed afraid of the sound of the hinges of their own jaws, the harpooneers chewed their food with such a relish that there was a report to it.
    • 1883: , ...a pistol-shot, flash and report, came from the hedge-side.
  3. an employee whose position in a corporate hierarchy is below that of a particular manager
  • Perrot, perrot, porter, pretor, proter
repro pronunciation
  • /ɹiːpɹəʊ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. abbreviation of reproduction
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, computing) To reproduce (a bug or problem). We cannot repro the bug in the latest version, so we are marking it as fixed.
  • roper
reptile {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English reptil, from Old French reptile, from ll rēptile, neuter of reptilis, from Latin rēpō, from Proto-Indo-European *rep- (Pokorny; Watkins, 1969). {{picdic }} pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɹɪpˈtaɪl/
  • (GenAm) /ˈɹɛp.taɪl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A cold-blooded vertebrate of the class Reptilia.
  2. (figuratively) A mean or grovelling person.
    • Charles Dickens, The Pickwick Papers "That reptile," whispered Pott, catching Mr. Pickwick by the arm, and pointing towards the stranger. "That reptile — Slurk, of the Independent!"
  • See also
related terms:
  • mammal-like reptile
  • Reptilia
  • reptilian
  • reptilianness
  • reptiliology
  • reptiliologist
  • reptiliologists
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Creeping; moving on the belly, or by means of small and short legs.
  2. Grovelling; low; vulgar. a reptile race or crew; reptile vices
    • Burke There is also a false, reptile prudence, the result not of caution, but of fear.
    • Coleridge And dislodge their reptile souls / From the bodies and forms of men.
  • Peltier, perlite
Repub etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Republican
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US politics) Of or pertaining to the Republican Party of the United States. There are Libertarian, Republican and Democratic nominees running for office right now.
  2. alternative case form of republican.
coordinate terms:
  • Green, Libertarian
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, Ireland) An Irish nationalist; a proponent of a united Ireland.
  2. (historical) A supporter of the government or left-wing side in the Spanish Civil War.
  3. (US politics) A member or supporter of the Republican Party of the United States
Synonyms: (US politics) Republicunt (vulgar), Rethuglican (derogatory)
coordinate terms:
  • Green, Libertarian, Democrat
proper noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of Republican
  2. (chiefly, US, informal) The Republican Party, the more right-wing of the two main political parties in the US.
Republicrat {{wikipedia}} etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, pejorative) A United States politician who is a member of one of the two major political parties (Democrat and Republican), but frequently votes with the other party.
    • 1966, Allan P. Sindler, Political Parties in the United States, p. 70: This hybrid voting behavior may be called "Republicrat", and obviously it must depress Republicanism in Southern congressional, state, and local politics.
  2. (US, pejorative) The two-party system, characterized as a single organization that excludes the participation and views of third parties.
    • 2001, Daniel Sinker, We Owe You Nothing: Punk Planet : the Collected Interviews, p. 290: We need to make people understand that decisions being made on local levels are often far more influential in our lives and probably the only real way — unless we're able to radically change the way our one-party Republicrat system works — to make change.
    • 2004, Howard Zinn, Anthony Arnove, Voices of a People's History of the United States, p. 567: Both wings of the ruling "Republicrat" Party try to outdo themselves in announcing new, ever more draconian measures to restrict, repress, restrain, and eliminate the poor.
    • 2005, Holliston Perni, A Heritage of Hypocrisy: Why 'They' Hate Us, p. 4: Rather, we have a single Republicrat party of greedy, self-serving, amoral, power-driven professional politicians...
Republicunt etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, vulgar, derogatory) A member or supporter of the Republican Party (United States) of the United States.
    • 2010, Cornelia Read, Invisible Boy, Grand Central Publishing (2010), ISBN 9780446552035, unnumbered page: He shot my husband a smirk, not letting me go. "Jesus, Dean, you married a feminazi?" I smiled sweetly. "Beats a Republicunt."
    • 2011, Davina Rhine (quoting Andi), Rebel Moms: The Off-Road Map for the Off-Road Mom, Rebellion Press (2011), ISBN 9781462026517, page 573: Speaking of money, ever since the Republicunts came back into office after Clinton in 2000, most people just do not have the extra money to see a Pro Domme like they used to.
    • 2014, Scott Sigler, Pandemic, Crown Publishers (2014), ISBN 9780307408976, unnumbered page: “Dude, is that the president? Get that Republicunt off the TV, will you?”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: Rethuglican (derogatory)
repugnant etymology From Old French repugnant, borrowed from Latin repugnans, present participle of repugnare, from re- + pugnare; see pugnacious.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Offensive or repulsive; arousing disgust or aversion.
  2. (legal) Opposed or in conflict.
  • Nouns to which "repugnant" is often applied: act, nature, behavior, practice, character, thing, crime.
related terms:
  • impugn
  • poniard
  • pugnacious
  • pugilism
  • repugn
  • repugnance
  • repugnancy
Repugnantcan etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) A member or supporter of the Republican Party (United States) of the United States.
res pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (North America, informal) form of short form
  2. (Canada, South Africa) form of short form
  3. form of short form (of a computer display).
  4. form of short form (from computer water cooling).
  5. (gaming) form of short form Can I get a res please?
Synonyms: rez (Indian reserve or reservation)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (gaming) form of short form You have the skills, right? Res me please.
  • ers
  • ESR
  • ser, SER
researchy etymology research + -y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (nonstandard, colloquial, humorous) Characterized by research, especially the serious investigation of a subject. Michelle's new job is researchy.
  2. (nonstandard, colloquial, pejorative) Having little or no known practical application. The committee agreed that the project had merit, but was too researchy and should have lower priority than more practical projects.
resignal etymology re + signal
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To signal again
  2. To equip (a railway) with new signalling equipment
  • aligners, engrails, inlarges, lasering, realigns, sanglier, seal ring, signaler, slangier
resistentialism etymology Blend of {{etym}} res + resister + existentialism
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) The belief that some inanimate objects exhibit malice toward humans.
related terms:
  • resistentialist
  • animism
respec etymology Possibly an abbreviation of respecify or re-specialization.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (video games, slang) To reallocate the distribution of skill points on a character's skill tree, changing their specialization. Last night I paid 5 gold to the trainer to respec as a shadow priest.
  • creeps
  • crepes, crêpes
RESTafarian etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) A programmer who uses REST (Representational State Transfer).

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