The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The world of restaurant
resting bitch face
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar, derogatory) An angry or unpleasant look that does not accurately reflect the way a person is feeling or that the person assumes when not consciously controlling their expression.
    • 2013, Addison Moore, 3:AM Kisses, ISBN 9781624300103, unnumbered page: A brassy blonde steps forward, and you can tell by her resting bitch face, that ultra-cruel look in her eyes, that she's the one in charge of this quasi-hostage situation.
    • 2015, Tracey Ward, This is the Wonder, ISBN 1310886156: This guy's hair is a little longer, way blonder, and the smile on his face is a sharp contrast to the resting bitch face the General wears.
    • 2015, Adrian R. Hale, A Taste of Bliss, ISBN 9780986321023, unnumbered page: Well hell, if that's what he wanted all along I would have given him my resting bitch face at the beginning of the shoot and saved us all some time.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: RBF
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) restaurant
    • {{quote-news}}
  • store, torse
restrictive practices
noun: {{head}} plural
  1. (legal, business, pejorative) In antitrust law, practices that restrict other business, such as price fixing, market sharing, monopolizing, or attempting to monopolize markets.
restroom Alternative forms: rest room etymology Of the category of euphemism known as indirection, euphemistically identifying the lavatory as a place where one rest.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A public room containing a toilet. Could you tell me where I can find the restroom?
Synonyms: washroom (Canada), WC, lavatory (Britain)
resus etymology Shortening.
{{abbreviation-old}}: {{en-abbr}}
  1. (colloquial) resuscitation
  • ruses, users
retail {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From the Old French verb retaillier.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The sale of goods directly to the consumer; encompassing the storefronts, mail-order, websites, etc., and the corporate mechanisms, branding, advertising, etc. that support them, which are involved in the business of selling and point-of-sale marketing retail goods to the public. She works in retail.
  2. (colloquial) Retail price; full price; an abbreviated expression, meaning the full suggested price of a particular good or service, before any sale, discount, or other deal. I never pay retail for clothes.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, or relating to the (actual or figurative) sale of goods or services directly to individuals.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
adverb: {{head}}
  1. Direct to consumers, in retail quantities, or at retail price. We've shut shown our reseller unit. We're only selling retail now.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To sell at retail, or in small quantities directly to customers.
    • 2005, , Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. . a half part of this purveying is carried on within the city and is called retailing.
  2. To repeat or circulate (news or rumours) to others.
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 762: He became quite pale as he retailed these stories to Constance.
    • {{quote-news }}
  • aliter, lirate
retail therapy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) shopping purely for pleasure.
retard {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English, from xno or Latin, from xno retarder, from Latin retardāre, from re- + tardus pronunciation Noun (delay sense), verb
  • (UK) /ɹɪˈtɑː(ɹ)d/
  • (US) /ɹɪˈtɑɹd/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
Noun (offensive slang sense)
  • (UK) /ˈɹiːtɑː(ɹ)d/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹiːtɑɹd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Retardation; delay.
  2. (slang, offensive) A person with mental retardation. Do all retards have a low I.Q.?
  3. (slang, offensive) A stupid person, or one who is slow to learn.
Through the euphemism treadmill, the term retard (which originated as a neutral substitute for the terms had previously designated those with disabilities, namely idiot, imbecile, and moron) has come to be considered offensive; see Euphemism#Disability_and_handicap for more. In a 2003 survey by the BBC, retard was voted the most offensive word relating to disability, followed by spastic.[ BBC worst word vote] Synonyms: (retardation) delay, hold-up, retardation, (person with mental retardation) idiot, tard (offensive), imbecile (disused medical term), mental deficient (legal term), moron (disused medical term), person with learning difficulties, (stupid person) See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To keep delaying; to continue to hinder; to prevent from progress; to render more slow in progress; to impede; to hinder retard the march of an army retard the motion of a ship
  2. (transitive) To put off; to postpone. to retard the attacks of old age to retard a rupture between nations
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To be slow or dilatory to perform (something).
  4. (intransitive) To decelerate; to slow down.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To stay back. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (keep delaying; continue to hinder) decelerate, hinder, slow, slow down, (postpone) postpone, put off, (stay back) hang back, stay back
  • (keep delaying; continue to hinder) accelerate, speed, speed up
  • (postpone)
  • (stay back) come forward
  • darter, tarred, trader
retarded etymology From retard + ed. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɪˈtɑːdɪd/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Delayed; delayed in development, hindered; impeded. {{defdate}}
    • 2004, Duncan Mackay, The Observer, 8 Aug 2004: HGH, which was originally developed to assist children with retarded growth, is believed to be especially popular with sprinters.
  2. (psychology, now offensive) Having mental retardation, characterised by learning difficulties (specifically having an IQ below 70); now more generally, mentally deficient. {{defdate}}
  3. (chiefly, North America) Underdeveloped (of a person's intelligence, abilities etc.). {{defdate}}
    • 2000, Kate Connolly, The Guardian, 19 Apr 2000: The European Roma Rights Centre in Budapest, which is representing the children - from the north-eastern city of Ostrava - said that the education ministry and local authorities had for decades "perpetuated a system which routinely brands disproportionate numbers of Gypsies as mentally retarded".
  4. (colloquial, derogatory) Stupid, dumb. {{defdate}}
    • 1988, Raymond E Feist, Faerie Tale: Looking at Jack, Gabbie said, "What?" "That's the Troll Bridge." She groaned at the pun. "That's retarded."
  5. (physics) Designating a parameter of an electromagnetic field which is adjusted to account for the finite speed of radiation. {{defdate}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of retard
Retardican etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, offensive) Republican
retentive etymology From Middle French rétentif, from Old French retentif, from Malayalam retentivus
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having power to retain; as, a retentive memory.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Julius Caeser', Act 1 Scene 3 Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Can be retentive to the strength of spirit.
  2. (slang, apocope) anal-retentive
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) That which retains or confines; a restraint.
retherm etymology Shortening.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To rethermalize.
Rethuglican etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) A member or supporter of the Republican Party (United States) of the United States.
Synonyms: Republicunt (vulgar)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, dated, chiefly, humorous) retirement What one of our great men used to call dignified retiracy. — C. A. Bristed. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
etymology 1 From re- + tread (noun) pronunciation
  • (verb) {{enPR}}, /riːˈtrɛd/
  • (noun) {{enPR}}, /ˈriːtrɛd/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To replace the traction-providing surface of a vehicle that employs tires, tracks or treads.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A used tire whose surface, the tread, has been replaced to extend its life and use.
  2. (military, slang) a person who re-entered military service in World War Two after serving in World War One.
    • 1950, Air Force Association, United States Army, Air Force Magazine: In Our War the Retreads usually slinked in over-aged, over-weight and overcautious in the face of a new generation.
    • 1971, Brian Garfield, The thousand-mile war: World War II in Alaska and the Aleutians: They were retreads and recruits under a small cadre of Regular Army officers and noncoms.
    • 1976, James Jones, Art Weithas, WW II: a chronicle of soldiering: We retreads upset everybody.
    • 2006, Keith E Bonn, When the Odds Were Even: As with the 100th Division, many of the replacements joining the 103d were "retreads" from the technical services or antiaircraft and aviation troops...
etymology 2 From re- + tread (verb) Alternative forms: re-tread pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /riːˈtrɛd/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) to tread again, to walk along again, to follow a path again.
    • 1818, Mary Shelley, Frankenstein As a child I had not been content with the results promised by the modern professors of natural science. With a confusion of ideas only to be accounted for by my extreme youth and my want of a guide on such matters, I had retrod the steps of knowledge along the paths of time and exchanged the discoveries of recent inquirers for the dreams of forgotten alchemists. Besides, I had a contempt for the uses of modern natural philosophy.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, figurative) A return over ground previously covered; a retraversal or repetition.
    • 1998, Frank Rich, Hot seat: theater criticism for the New York times, 1980-1993 But The West Side Waltz is otherwise a tedious retread of Mr. Thompson's previous effort, On Golden Pond.
  • rerated
  • treader
retro- etymology {{rfe}}
prefix: {{en-prefix}}
  1. back or backward
  2. behind
  3. in the opposite direction
  4. (informal) in an old-fashioned or old-school way
retrogreen etymology retro- + green
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To retrofit existing models or structures (theoretical or physical) to accommodate environmentally (e.g. "green") friendly values.
retromingent etymology From retro- + past participle of Latin mingō. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɛtɹə(ʊ)ˈmɪndʒənt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) An animal that urinate backwards - such as the camel, hippo or raccoon.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, III.17: I confess by reason of the postick and backward position of the feminine parts in quadrupedes, they can hardly admit the substitution of a protrusion, effectuall unto masculine generation; except it be in Retromingents, and such as couple backward.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) That urinate backwards; also used of such urination.
    • 1958, Lawrence Durrell, Mountolive: It sat down at last and, as if to express once and for all its disenchantment with the whole sum of canine existence, delivered itself of a retromingent puddle on the beautiful Shiraz.
    • 2006, Danny Baker, "When the spit hits the fan", The Times, 17 Apr 2006: "Additionally, camels are retromingent animals, and so spectators would be advised to beware not only of flying saliva but of pitched urine as well."
  2. (slang) cowardly
related terms:
  • micturate
  • retromingency
retromod etymology Shortening.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (Internet, transitive, informal) To retromoderate.
retrosexual Alternative forms: retro-sexual etymology {{blend}}. Apparently coined in the early 2000s by blogger Grau Magus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A man who embraces traditional masculinity in his dress and behavior.
    • 2010 April 7, Lini S. Kadaba, Philadelphia Inquirer: Think of him as the anti-metrosexual, the opposite of that guy who emerged in the 1990s in all his pedicured, moussed-up, skinny-jeans glory. That man-boy was searching for his inner girl, it was argued. The retrosexual, however, wants to put the man back into manhood.
  2. (humorous) One who has not had sex in a very long time. It's been so long I've become a retrosexual.
re-up etymology Possibly {{blend}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US, military) To reenlist; to renegotiate a contract
  2. (slang) To refill one's drug stash
  • Peru, Prue, puer, pure
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, dated, informal) An employee of the Internal Revenue Service, especially those charged with enforcement.
  • This term is especially associated with the efforts of the IRS to prevent illegal production and distribution of alcohol during the period of Prohibition in the U.S.
reverend etymology From Middle French révérend, from Old French, from Latin future passive participle reverendus, from deponent verb revereri, honor or revere. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. worthy of reverence or respect
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a member of the Christian clergy
reverse panda etymology From a likening of the effect to an inversion of the giant panda's face, which is white with black circles around the eyes.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An undesired effect involving light makeup applied around the eyes appearing as white circles or patches, especially in a photograph or video due to intense lighting or a camera flash.
    • 1983, "TV News: Cosmetic Casualty", Miami Herald, 31 July 1983: If KMBC wants to dabble, as Craft has charged, with "reverse panda" circles of makeup around her eyes to hide what it sees as her bags, it can.
  • {{seemoreCites}}
revisionism {{wikipedia}} etymology revision + -ism pronunciation
  • /rɪˈvɪʒəˌnɪzəm/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. the advocacy of a revision of some accepted theory, doctrine or a view of historical event
  2. (derogatory) an evolutionary form of Marxism, abandoning some of its original principles
rewetten etymology re + wetten
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, rare) Wetten again.
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of rewire
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A new wiring
  2. (informal) A new configuration of neuron in the brain
Rexy etymology From a clipping of T. rex + y.
proper noun: {{en-prop}}
  1. (informal) An endearing diminutive name given to an individual Tyrannosaurus rex.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) form of short form
  2. (Canada, slang) form of short form
  3. (Canada, slang) form of short form; dormitory
  4. Short form of resonance.
  5. (gaming) Short form of resurrection.
Synonyms: res (Indian reserve or reservation)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (gaming) Short form of resurrect.
    • 1999 March 7, Phaedra, "My review of the EQ beta. (Very Long ;-)",, Usenet, When you die during the first 3 levels, you rez with food and water.
  1. (gaming) to spawn or load into the game. Don't rez some enormous prop, it'll lag the server!
  • Ezr.
etymology 1
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (photography) abbreviation of range finder
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (electronics, physics) initialism of radio frequency
  2. (pathology) Rheumatoid Factor
  3. (military, engineering, slang) A practical joke, especially a clever one.
  4. Russian Federation
  5. (baseball) right field, right fielder
etymology 2 Combination of prefix F and prefix modifier R
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (US, military, aviation) reconnaissance fighter; an unarmed fighter modified for photo-reconnaissance (prefix)
rhabdo etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) rhabdomyolysis
rhetorical question {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{examples-right}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A question posed only for dramatic or persuasive effect.
  2. (colloquial) A question to which the asker does not expect an answer. Are you nuts? Don't answer that - it's a rhetorical question.
rheum {{was wotd}} {{wikipedia}} etymology From xno roume, reume, Middle French rume, ryeume, and their source, ll rheuma, from Ancient Greek ῥεῦμα 〈rheûma〉. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹuːm/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Watery or thin discharge of serum or mucus, especially from the eye or nose, formerly thought to cause disease. {{defdate}}
    • 1916, James Joyce, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Macmillan Press Ltd, 102 He wore about his shoulders a heavy cloak; his pale face was drawn and his voice broken with rheum.
  2. Illness or disease thought to be caused by such secretions; a cold, catarrh; rheumatism. {{defdate}}
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.8: he…had all his faculties free and easie, onely a rheume excepted that fell into his stomacke.
  3. (poetic) Tears. {{defdate}}
  • (dried rheum around eyes) crusty (slang), gound (UK dialectal), sleep, sleepy dust (informal)
rheumaticky pronunciation
  • (RP) /ruːˈmætɪki/ {{rhymes}}
etymology rheumatic + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Of, pertaining to or having rheumatism.
    • 2003, Peter Cook, William Cook, Tragically I Was an Only Twin: The Complete Peter Cook, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 031231891X, page 75, Your spots are nothing compared to my ghastly rheumaticky pains behind the knees.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (British, colloquial) Rheumatism
  2. plural of rheumatic
etymology 1 Shortened form of rhinoceros. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹaɪ.nəʊ/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹaɪ.noʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Short form of rhinoceros.
etymology 2 Unknown
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, archaic) money
    • 1835, Frederick Marryat, The Pacha of Many Tales There I fell in with Betsy, and as she proved a regular out and outer, I spliced her, and a famous wedding we had of it, as long as the rhino lasted.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Episode 12, The Cyclops --Here you are, says Alf, chucking out the rhino. Talking about hanging, I'll show you something you never saw
rhinoceri etymology Formed by association with hippopotami etc.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (nonstandard or humorous) plural of rhinoceros
Because this form does not exist in the Latin source, it is generally considered incorrect or jocular, and may not be appropriate in formal contexts.
rhubarb rhubarb {{wikipedia}} {{was wotd}} Alternative forms: rhubarb rhubarb rhubarb etymology Chosen as a word for producing indistinct background noise because it contains no very sharp or recognisable phoneme. Yielded sense 3 of rhubarb.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, British, film) Background noise of several "conversations," none of which is decipherable since all the actors are actually just repeating the word rhubarb, or other words with similar attribute.
    • 1981: Tony Harrison, The Rhubarbarians I in collection Continuous: 50 sonnets from 'The School of Eloquence' . Rex Collings, London (1981) Those glottals glugged like poured pop, each /rebarbative syllable, remembrancer, raise /‘mob' rhubarb-rhubarb to a tribune's speech /crossing the crackle as the hayracks blaze...
    • 1983: Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn, Victory Celebrations (stage direction) They all rise and drink. Rhubarb, rhubarb...To convey the next stage of To convey the next stage of general inebriation, the remarks that follow are spoken in a sing-song.
    • 1995: Sandra M. Gilbert, Susan Gubar, Masterpiece Theatre: An Academic Melodrama (film stage direction) Pan to a shot of the crowd of humanists surging forward and murmuring "Rhubarb, rhubarb".
  2. (chiefly, British, pejorative) Speech which is undecipherable to the listener because it is in a language he or she does not understand; mumbo jumbo.
    • 1997: Stephen R L Clark, Animals and Their Moral Standing Human beings and human speech are historical inventions as well: our actual experience for long enough was of ‘ourselves', the local tribes of people, dogs and horses, and of the ‘others', theria (wild beasts) and barbaroi (who make noises that only vaguely sound like speech, as "rhubarb, rhubarb").
    • 1998: Richard Wallace, Wynne Williams, The Three Worlds of Paul of Tarsus ‘Barbarians' who made noises which sounded like ‘rhubarb-rhubarb' to Greeks who could not (and did not want to) understand them.
    • 2005: Robert Leslie Fielding, Other People Other Worlds: The Collected Short Stories of Robert Leslie Fielding I heard my name amongst so much mumbo jumbo. “Rhubarb, rhubarb, rhubarb, Robert.”
  3. (chiefly, British) Blah blah; etc, etc.
    • 1998: Brigid Lowry, Guitar Highway Rose Not allowed to blah blah blah rhubarb rhubarb rhubarb. Just what I don't need when I'm feeling kind of seedy.
    • 2001: Sheila Rowbotham, Promise of a Dream: Remembering the Sixties Judith recruited me as the voice of the grass roots. I said rhubarb, rhubarb to oblige her, but I felt like a charlatan. I had mobilized out of a genuine sense of outrage at Cathy's treatment, but the demand to enter the Oxford Union was another matter.
    • 2005: Judith Woolf, Writing About Literature: Essay and Translation Skills for University Students of English and foreign literature. All tutors and examiners are familiar with the essay which begins, in effect, 'All the poets of the seventeenth century said, "Rhubarb, rhubarb, rhubarb," and in this Marvell was no exception.'
rhymery etymology rhyme + ery
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) The art or habit of making rhyme.
{{Webster 1913}}
rib {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English rib, ribbe, from Old English ribb, from Proto-Germanic *ribją, from Proto-Indo-European *rebʰ-. Cognate with Dutch rib, Low German ribbe, German Rippe, Old Norse rif, Serbo-Croatian rebro. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of a series of long curved bone occurring in 12 pair in human and other animal and extending from the spine to or toward the sternum
  2. A part or piece, similar to a rib, and serving to shape or support something
  3. A cut of meat enclosing one or more rib bones
  4. (nautical) Any of several curve member attached to a ship's keel and extending upward and outward to form the framework of the hull
  5. Any of several transverse piece that provide an aircraft wing with shape and strength
  6. (architecture) A long, narrow, usually arch member projecting from the surface of a structure, especially such a member separating the web of a vault
  7. (knitting) A raised ridge in knitted material or in cloth
  8. (botany) The main, or any of the prominent vein of a leaf
  9. A teasing joke
  10. (Ireland, colloquial) A single strand of hair.
  11. A stalk of celery.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To shape, support, or provide something with a rib or ribs
  2. To tease or make fun of someone exampleHe always gets ribbed for his outrageous shirts.
  3. To enclose, as if with ribs, and protect; to shut in.
    • Shakespeare exampleIt [lead] were too gross / To rib her cerecloth in the obscure grave.
  4. (transitive) To leave strips of undisturbed ground between the furrows in plough (land).
  • Bri
  • IRB
  • RBI
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball, slang) run batted in, RBI.
  2. (slang) rigid inflatable boat
Synonyms: (baseball) run batted in , RBI, (boat) rigid inflatable boat , RIB , rigid-hulled inflatable boat , RHIB , rhibbie
ribbon {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • /ˈɹɪbən/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Old French riban (French: ruban).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A long, narrow strip of material used for decoration of clothing or the hair or gift wrapping.
  2. An inked strip of material against which type is pressed to print letters in a typewriter or printer.
  3. A narrow strip or shred. a steel or magnesium ribbon sails torn to ribbons
  4. (shipbuilding) alternative form of ribband
  5. (slang, dated, in the plural) Driving reins. {{rfquotek}}
  6. (heraldry) A bearing similar to the bend, but only one eighth as wide.
  7. (spinning) A sliver.
  8. (computing, graphical user interface) A toolbar that incorporates tab and menu.
  9. (cooking) In ice cream and similar confections, an ingredient (often chocolate, butterscotch, caramel, or fudge) added in a long narrow strip.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To decorate with ribbon.
Synonyms: beribbon
  • robbin
ribibe etymology See rebec.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A kind of stringed instrument, the rebec. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (obsolete, derogatory) An old woman. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (obsolete) A bawd; a prostitute. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
ribroast etymology rib + roast
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A cut of beef from the main rib.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, dated) To beat soundly.
{{Webster 1913}}
rice {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English rys, from Old French ris, from Old Italian riso, risi, from gkm ὄρυζα 〈óryza〉, ὄρυζον 〈óryzon〉. This is usually held to be a borrowing from oir (compare Old Persian , Pashto , Kurdish birinc), in turn probably borrowed from Sanskrit व्रीहि 〈vrīhi〉. The Sanskrit term is either a loan from Dravidian – compare Proto-Dravidian *wariñci – or, according to , borrowed from an unknown South Asian, possibly Austroasiatic, source, with the Dravidian word being an independent borrowing of another variant.[ Witzel 1999], p. 27 oty அரிசி 〈arici〉, from earlier *ariki, is not the source of the Greek word, however, according to (2003) apud Witzel (2009).[ Witzel 2009], p. 25 In contrast, Witzel (1999) had maintained, following Southworth (1979), that the Greek term goes back to Old Tamil arici – itself from an older form *ariki, an early (ca. 1500 BC) borrowing from Munda according to Southworth (1988).[ Witzel 1999], p. 26 pronunciation
  • /ɹaɪs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Cereal plants, Oryza sativa of the grass family whose seeds are used as food.
  2. A specific variety of this plant.
  3. (uncountable) The seeds of this plant used as food.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To squeeze through a ricer; to mash or make into rice-sized pieces.
  2. To throw rice at a person (usually at a wedding).
  3. To belittle a government emissary or similar on behalf of a more powerful militaristic state.
  4. To harvest wild rice Zinzania sp.
related terms:
  • Menominee
  • rijsttafel
  • risotto
  • eric, Eric
rice burner
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, ethnic slur, humorous) an ordinary motor car (especially a Japanese one) made to look fast or special by adding inappropriate extra
Synonyms: rice car, rice rocket
rice chaser etymology Alluding to the rice centered gastronomy of many Asian cuisines
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, ethnic slur, idiomatic) A white person with a strong inclination and attraction toward Asian men or women.
  • potato chaser
  • niggerlover
rice king
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A non-Asian man (usually white) who has a sexual fetish for Asian women.
  2. Someone closely associated with the business of rice.
rice queen Alternative forms: rice-queen, Rice Queen (both rare)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang, LGBT) A non-Asian man who is mostly attracted to East Asian men.
    • 1984, Herbert Gold, Mister White Eyes: A Novel, Arbor House, ISBN 0877956367, page 204, These were nostalgic gray wolves in this place, or maybe they were the ones who spent the money and brought in the chickens. A rice queen with a Japanese boy (maybe Chinese).
    • 1995, unnamed interview subject, quoted in Laurence Wai-Teng Leong and Gerard Sullivan, Gays and Lesbians in Asia and the Pacific: Social and Human Services, Haworth Press, ISBN 1560247525, page 101, If a man like myself in his 40s goes into a gay bar in Australia, no heads are going to turn. There are a few young Asian men and a lot of rice queens. In Thailand the position is reversed and the Caucasian man can choose.
    • 2005, Regie Cabico, "gameboy", in Emanuel Xavier (Ed.), Bullets & Butterflies: Queer Spoken Word Poetry, Suspect Thoughts Press, ISBN 0974638854, page 50, … / i am not a teriyaki toy / / a rice queen's dream   a bowl of soy sauce to dip yr meat in / …
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: Queen of Chinatown
ricer {{wikipedia}} etymology From rice + er. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A person, especially a Native American, who cultivates and harvests rice.
    • 1967, The New Yorker, Volume 43, Part 6, page 41: He opened the cashbox and counted out the money, and Martin handed it on to one of the ricers. "Where are you guys ricing tomorrow?" he said. "Down in the Refuge," the ricer with the money said.
    • 1988, Thomas Vennum, Wild Rice and the Ojibway People, page 229: In exchange for use of a buyer's boat, the ricers were to sell what they harvested exclusively to him.
    • 1999 September 19, , Under the Wild Rice Moon, Minneapolis Star Tribune, reprinted in 2002, The Winona LaDuke Reader: A Collection of Essential Writings, page 30: There are also lots of ricers. By two weeks into ricing season, Native Harvest bought from 30 or 40 ricers.
  2. (cooking) A utensil used to extrude soft foods (such as, and especially, cooked potato) through holes about the diameter of a grain of rice.
    • 2007, Patricia Webster Stewart, Stuck in My Own Family Tree, page 25: He cooked a roast, made applesauce with the ricer and used every size pan he could find to cook vegetables.
    • 2008, Leanne Kitchen, The Greengrocer, page 14: Ricers can also be used for mashing other root vegetables, as well as starchy ones like broad (fava) beans and peas.
    • 2013, Tara Mataraza Desmond, Choosing Sides: From Holidays to Every Day, 130 Delicious Recipes to Make the Meal, unnumbered page: Passing cooked chunks through a basic, inexpensive handheld ricer maximizes their texture, which is less starchy than their russet brethren, and makes a soft, dry pile that simply stirs into creamy, smooth mounds.
  3. (US, slang, derogatory) An imported automobile from an Oriental country, deemed inferior because it is low-powered and/or cheap.
  4. (US, slang, derogatory) A person who drives such an automobile.
  5. (US, slang, derogatory) A person who modifies such an automobile using after-market parts to give it the appearance of being more powerful or sporty.
Synonyms: (imported oriental automobile) rice burner, (kitchen implement) potato masher, potato ricer
related terms:
  • rice
  • crier
  • IRCer
rice rocket
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, ethnic slur, humorous) A Japanese high-performance sport motorcycle.
rich etymology From Middle English riche, from Old English scLatinx, from Proto-Germanic *rīkijaz, probably from Proto-Celtic *rīgos, from Proto-Indo-European *reg-. Cognate with Scots rik, Saterland Frisian riek, Western Frisian ryk, Dutch rijk, German reich, Danish rig, Icelandic ríkur, Swedish rik. The Middle English word was reinforced by Old French riche, from the same Proto-Germanic root. pronunciation
  • /ɹɪtʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Wealthy: having a lot of money and possessions.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 7 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , ““A very welcome, kind, useful present, that means to the parish. By the way, Hopkins, let this go no further. We don't want the tale running round that a rich person has arrived. Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing. […]””
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. Having a fatty, intense flavour. a rich dish; rich cream or soup; rich pastry
    • Baker Sauces and rich spices are fetched from India.
  3. Plentiful, abounding, abundant, fulfilling. a rich treasury; a rich entertainment; a rich crop
    • Rowe If life be short, it shall be glorious; / Each minute shall be rich in some great action.
    • Milton The gorgeous East with richest hand / Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  4. Yielding large returns; productive or fertile; fruitful. rich soil or land; a rich mine
  5. Composed of valuable or costly materials or ingredients; procured at great outlay; highly valued; precious; sumptuous; costly. a rich dress; rich silk or fur; rich presents
    • Milton rich and various gems
  6. Not faint or delicate; vivid. a rich red colour
  7. (informal, dated) Very amusing. The scene was a rich one. a rich incident or character {{rfquotek}}
  8. (informal) Ridiculous, absurd.
  9. Used to form adjectives when combined with common nouns for things considered desirable in the context. The resulting adjectives usually mean "abounding in (common noun)".
  10. (computing) Elaborate, having complex formatting, multimedia, or depth of interaction.
    • 2002, David Austerberry, The Technology of Video and Audio Streaming A skilled multimedia developer will have no problems adding interactive video and audio into existing rich media web pages.
    • 2003, Patricia Cardoza, Patricia DiGiacomo, Using Microsoft Office Outlook 2003 Some rich text email messages contain formatting information that's best viewed with Microsoft Word.
    • 2008, Aaron Newman, Adam Steinberg, Jeremy Thomas, Enterprise 2.0 Implementation But what did matter was that the new web platform provided a rich experience.
  11. Of a fuel-air mixture, having less air than is necessary to burn all of the fuel; less air- or oxygen- rich than necessary for a stoichiometric reaction.
Synonyms: (wealthy) wealthy, well off, see also
  • (wealthy) poor; see also
  • (plentiful) needy
  • (computing) plain, unformatted, vanilla
  • (fuel-air mixture) lean
related terms:
  • nouveau riche
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To enrich. {{rfquotek}}
  • {{rank}}
rick pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɪk/ {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English *rykke, from Old English hrycce, cognate with Scots ruk, Norwegian ruka. Related also to Old English hrēac, from Proto-Germanic *hraukaz. Further relations: Dutch rook, Norwegian rauk, Swedish rök, Icelandic hraukur. Alternative forms: ruck
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A stack, stook or pile of grain, straw, hay etc., especially as protected with thatching.
    • George Eliot (1819-1880) There is a remnant still of last year's golden clusters of beehive ricks, rising at intervals beyond the hedgerows;{{nb...}}.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the back turned on the rick and nothing in front but the tall elms and the oaks in the other hedge, it was quite easy to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods close by.
  2. (US) A stack of wood, especially cut to a regular length; also used as a measure of wood, typically four by eight feet.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To heap up (hay, etc.) in ricks.
etymology 2 Middle English wricke
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. slightly sprain or strain the neck, back, ankle etc.
etymology 3 Abbreviated form from recruit
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military, pejorative and demeaning) A brand new (naive) boot camp inductee. No turning back now rick, you are property of the US government, no longer protected by the bill of rights; you follow the UCMJ now.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (Internet, slang, neologism) en-past of rickroll
verb: {{head}}
  1. (Internet, slang, neologism) present participle of rickroll
verb: {{head}}
  1. (Internet, slang, neologism) en-third-person singular of rickroll
Rico Suave {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A snappily dressed, cool, confident Latino lady's man.
    • 2005, E. Lynn Harris, Freedom In This Village: Twenty-Five Years of Black Gay Men's Writing, page 387: "No Rico Suaves for me." He sank his thumbs into his armpits to simulate wearing overalls. "I'm only into one-hundred-percent Boy-Next-Door crackers."
    • December 2007, Indianapolis Monthly, "Show Stealers", pp. 194, ISSN 0899-0328 The show follows Lawrence Jameson, a regular Rico Suave, and Freddy Benson, a small-time swindler who tugs at ladies' heart.
    • 2008, "The King of Erotica 2: The Crown", ISBN 9780615153087 He tried to turn on the Rico Suave charm.
    • 2009, Asley & JaQuavis, "The Tale of Murda Mamas: The Cartel 2", ISBN 9781601622563 That Rico Suave-ass nigga don't know how to keep a bitch like Miamor.
    • 2009, Reba Toney, "The Rating Game: The Foolproof Formula for Finding Your Perfect Soul Mate", pp. 181 ISBN 9780312383985 If you've been invited to a friend's birthday, and you show up only to find three couples, two stragglers, and Rico Suave hitting on the hot waitress, lower your expectations of meeting someone, and try to have a great time anyway.
    • 2010, Michelle Dupress, "Attract the Love You Want", pp.10, ISBN 9781609116446 He thinks he is Rico Suave and you know him to be a Don Juan.
    • 2011, Stanley E. Terrell, Brickettes: Tales and Poems from New Ark, page 57: And he felt a cloying kinship with his father, his uncles, his teachers, and his mentors at the same time he was feeling a closer bond with the homeboys, the G-Dawgs, the Rico Suaves.
related terms:
  • suave
  • Puerto Rico
ride etymology From Middle English riden, from Old English rīdan, from Proto-Germanic *rīdaną, from Proto-Indo-European *reydʰ-. Cognate with Low German rieden, Dutch rijden, German reiten, Danish ride, Swedish rida; and (from Indo-European) with Welsh rhwyddhau. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹaɪd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, transitive) To transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, later also a bicycle etc. {{defdate}}
    • 1597, William Shakespeare, King Henry IV, part 1: Go Peto, to horse: for thou, and I, / Haue thirtie miles to ride yet ere dinner time.
    • 1814, Jane Austen, Mansfield Park: I will take my horse early tomorrow morning and ride over to Stoke, and settle with one of them.
    • 1923, "Mrs. Rinehart", Time, 28 Apr 1923: It is characteristic of her that she hates trains, that she arrives from a rail-road journey a nervous wreck; but that she can ride a horse steadily for weeks through the most dangerous western passes.
    • 2010, The Guardian, 6 Oct 2010: The original winner Azizulhasni Awang of Malaysia was relegated after riding too aggressively to storm from fourth to first on the final bend.
  2. (intransitive, transitive) To be transported in a vehicle; to travel as a passenger. {{defdate}}
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick: Now, in calm weather, to swim in the open ocean is as easy to the practised swimmer as to ride in a spring-carriage ashore.
    • 1960, "Biznelcmd", Time, 20 Jun 1960: In an elaborately built, indoor San Francisco, passengers ride cable cars through quiet, hilly streets.
  3. (transitive, chiefly US, South Africa) To transport (someone) in a vehicle. {{defdate}} The cab rode him downtown.
  4. (intransitive) Of a ship: to sail, to float on the water. {{defdate}}
    • Dryden Men once walked where ships at anchor ride.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe: By noon the sea went very high indeed, and our ship rode forecastle in, shipped several seas, and we thought once or twice our anchor had come home …
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To be carried or supported by something lightly and quickly; to travel in such a way, as though on horseback. {{defdate}} The witch cackled and rode away on her broomstick.
  6. (intransitive) To support a rider, as a horse; to move under the saddle. A horse rides easy or hard, slow or fast.
  7. (intransitive, transitive) To mount (someone) to have sex with them; to have sexual intercourse with. {{defdate}}
    • c. 1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Nun's Priest's Tale", Canterbury Tales: Womman is mannes Ioye and al his blis / ffor whan I feele a nyght your softe syde / Al be it that I may nat on yow ryde / ffor þat oure perche is maad so narwe allas [...].
    • 1997, Linda Howard, Son of the Morning, p. 345: She rode him hard, and he squeezed her breasts, and she came again.
  8. (transitive, colloquial) To nag or criticize; to annoy (someone). {{defdate}}
    • 2002, Myra MacPherson, Long Time Passing: Vietnam and the haunted generation, p. 375: “One old boy started riding me about not having gone to Vietnam; I just spit my coffee at him, and he backed off.
  9. (intransitive) Of clothing: to gradually move (up) and crease; to ruckle. {{defdate}}
    • 2008, Ann Kessel, The Guardian, 27 Jul 2008: In athletics, triple jumper Ashia Hansen advises a thong for training because, while knickers ride up, ‘thongs have nowhere left to go’: but in Beijing Britain's best are likely, she says, to forgo knickers altogether, preferring to go commando for their country under their GB kit.
  10. (intransitive) To rely, depend (on). {{defdate}}
    • 2006, "Grappling with deficits", The Economist, 9 Mar 2006: With so much riding on the new payments system, it was thus a grave embarrassment to the government when the tariff for 2006-07 had to be withdrawn for amendments towards the end of February.
  11. (intransitive) Of clothing: to rest (in a given way on a part of the body). {{defdate}}
    • 2001, Jenny Eliscu, "Oops...she's doing it again", The Observer, 16 Sep 2001: She's wearing inky-blue jeans that ride low enough on her hips that her aquamarine thong peeks out teasingly at the back.
  12. (lacrosse) To play defense on the defensemen or midfielders, as an attackman.
  13. To manage insolently at will; to domineer over.
    • Jonathan Swift The nobility could no longer endure to be ridden by bakers, cobblers, and brewers.
  14. To convey, as by riding; to make or do by riding.
    • Sir Walter Scott The only men that safe can ride / Mine errands on the Scottish side.
  15. (surgery) To overlap (each other); said of bones or fractured fragments.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An instance of riding. Can I have a ride on your bike?
  2. (informal) A vehicle. That is a nice ride you are driving.
  3. An amusement ridden at a fair or amusement park.
  4. A lift given to someone in another person's vehicle. Can you give me a ride?
  5. (UK) A road or avenue cut in a wood, for riding; a bridleway or other wide country path.
  6. (UK, dialect, archaic) A saddle horse. {{rfquotek}}
  • dire
  • ired
  • Reid
ride bareback
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To ride a horse bareback (that is, without a saddle).
  2. (slang) To have anal sex without using a condom.
related terms:
  • barebacker
  • barebacking
ride bitch etymology Women, or "biker bitch", would ride behind their male companions on a motorcycle in biker gang caravan.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To be a passenger in the pillion of a motorcycle.
    • 1997, Richard La Plante, Hog Fever, page 248 I got my bath and my dry jeans, and after dinner Junior got to ride bitch. I insisted he wear the Prussian helmet.
    • 2009, Doug Dorst, Alive in Necropolis, link “You're riding bitch, bitch,” Bobby said to her.
    • 2010, Steve Hamilton, The Lock Artist, page 88 Are you gonna make him ride bitch?” “Are you gonna make me ride bitch?” “You used to love riding behind me, remember? Wrap your arms around me? Whaddya say?” I knew this was way beyond reasonable.
  2. (slang) To be a passenger in the middle seat of a car with two others at either side.
  3. (slang, figuratively) To act in a subordinate sense to another.
rider {{wikipedia}} etymology {{-er}} pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹaɪdə(ɹ)/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹaɪdɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. one who ride, often a horse or motorcycle
  2. (politics) a provision annex to a bill under the consideration of a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill
  3. (by extension) Something extra or burdensome that is imposed.
    • A. S. Hardy This [question] was a rider which Mab found difficult to answer.
  4. an amendment or addition to an entertainer's performance contract, often covering a performer's equipment or food, drinks, and general comfort requirements
  5. A small, sliding piece of aluminium on a chemical balance, used to determine small weights
  6. (UK, archaic) An agent who went out with sample of goods to obtain order; a commercial traveller.
  7. (obsolete) One who breaks in or manages a horse. {{rfquotek}}
  8. (math) A problem of extra difficulty added to another on an examination paper.
  9. An old Dutch gold coin with the figure of a man on horseback stamped upon it.
    • J. Fletcher His mouldy money! half a dozen riders.
  10. (mining) Rock material in a vein of ore, dividing it.
  11. (shipbuilding) An interior rib occasionally fixed in a ship's hold, reaching from the keelson to the beams of the lower deck, to strengthen the frame. {{rfquotek}}
  12. (nautical) The second tier of cask in a vessel's hold.
  13. A small forked weight which straddles the beam of a balance, along which it can be moved in the manner of the weight on a steelyard.
  14. (obsolete, UK, dialect) A robber. {{rfquotek}}
  • direr
  • drier
ride shotgun {{wikipedia}} etymology Probably arose in early-20th-century Western fiction and movies to describe an employee armed with a rifle or shotgun riding next to a stagecoach driver for protection.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) To ride in the front passenger seat of a vehicle, next to the driver. When both kids want to ride shotgun with Mom, they'll just have to take turns.
  2. (idiomatic, slang, figuratively) To accompany someone in order to assist and protect. He attended the meeting to ride shotgun for the sales team, in case anyone had a technical question.
related terms:
  • shotgun
ride the circuit
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To travel between small towns on horseback, usually to preach or preside over court of law.
    • A History of English Assizes, 1558-1714, page 284, J. S. Cockburn, 1972 "Although commissioned, Hale J did not ride the circuit, his place being taken by Francis Swanton, the clerk of assize."
    • Provincial Lives: Middle-Class Experience in the Antebellum Middle West, Timothy R. Mahoney, 1999, page 184 "Likewise, other local lawyers would ride the circuit for a session or two, briefly joining the core group as it traveled the circuit, and return home."
    • American Spiritualities: A Reader, Catherine L. Albanese, 2001, page 191 Usually Methodists dealt with this problem by having their ministers "ride the circuit" by periodically visiting homes and class meetings.
    • The Last of the Pioneers, Keith Earnest Andersen, 2011, page 92 Dr. Strang was the superintendent of the Home Missionary Work. He took a liking to Stanley and told him that they would give him work in the ministry, if he would ride the circuit.
  2. (slang) To move someone who has been arrested from police station to police station, thereby hindering release.
    • 1949, Raymond Chandler, The Little Sister, p 197: “But we don't have to. We can ride the circuit with you. It might take days."
related terms:
  • circuit rider
ride the lightning
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) To be execute by electric chair.
ride the short bus
verb: {{head}}
  1. (US, idiomatic, education) To participate in a special education program, such as for those with learning disabilities.
  2. (US, idiomatic, pejorative) To have a need for a special education program, as though one were learning disabled.
    • 2006, Mark Driscoll, Confessions of a Reformission Rev ...complete with golden shag carpet on the floor and Christian rock posters on the wall for the poor kids forced to ride the short bus of Christian culture...
    • 2009, Micol Ostow, GoldenGirl "Have you been riding the short bus, or something? You know what Us Weekly said about her."
ridgy-didge etymology Fanciful diminutive of obsolete ridge. Australian from 1953. '''2011''', Kel Richards (presenter), ''[ “Ridgy-didge”]'', NewsRadio, Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Alternative forms: ridgy didge
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) Genuine, authentic, true; honest, upright. Are you ridgy-didge? - Do you really mean that? Are you telling the truth?
    • 2003, , Lethal Factor, 2010, unnumbered page, ‘Colin Reeves,’ I said. ‘He′s ridgy-didge, is he?’ ‘Yeah, young Reeves is solid,’ Bob said. ‘Straight up and down. Although you′d never know it from the way he looks these days . . .’
    • 2011, Bill King, King of the Outback, page 162, ‘Bullshit.′ ‘No, it′s ridgy-didge. I kid you not.’
    • 2011, Bruce Guthrie, Man Bites Murdoch: Four Decades in Print, Six Days in Court, page 280, In the normal scheme of things a senior editor would have agreed on the sum with the seller having already defrayed the costs around the group, asking for, say, $3000 from each of the Sundays after assuring them the photos were ‘ridgy-didge’.
  2. (Australia, colloquial) Good, fine.
    • 2001, , , Volume 1, 2010, Large print edition, page 278, Sit them in the dam, wait for the fire to pass over, everything will be ridgy-didge.
    • 2004, John Little, Down to the Sea, 2012, unnumbered page, ‘…I don′t know if I would have managed a commission. I don′t know if I was bright enough for that. But I was a pretty ridgy-didge soldier.’
Synonyms: (genuine) dinkum, dinky-die, fair dinkum, for real
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) alternative form of ridiculous That's so ridic!
ridonkulous Alternative forms: redonkulous, ridonculous, redonculous etymology From ridiculous. pronunciation
  • /rɪˈdɒŋkjʊləs/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) ridiculous
rifle {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English, from Old French rifler, from Old Low Franconian *riffilōn (compare obsolete Dutch rijffelen 'to scrape', Old English geriflian, Middle High German riffeln, Old High German riffilōn), frequentative of Proto-Germanic *rīfaną (compare Old Norse rifa). More at rive. pronunciation
  • /ˈraɪfəl/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A long firearm firing a single projectile, usually with a rifled barrel to improve accuracy.
  2. A strip of wood covered with emery or a similar material, used for sharpen scythe.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. to search with intent to steal; to ransack, pillage or plunder.
  2. To scan many items (especially papers) in a set, quickly. (See also riffle) She made a mess when she rifled through the stack of papers, looking for the title document.
  3. To add a spiral to the interior of a gun bore to make a fired bullet spin in flight to improve range and accuracy.
  4. To strike something with great power.
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. (intransitive) To commit robbery. {{rfquotek}}
  6. (transitive) To strip of goods; to rob; to pillage.
    • Shakespeare Stand, sir, and throw us that you have about ye: / If not, we'll make you sit and rifle you.
  7. To seize and bear away by force; to snatch away; to carry off.
    • Alexander Pope Time shall rifle every youthful grace.
  8. To raffle. {{rfquotek}}
  • filer, flier, lifer
rig {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /rɪɡ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Early Modern English rygge, probably of gmq origin. Compare Norwegian rigge, Swedish dialectal rigga, Old English *wrīhan, wrīohan, wrēohan, wrēon. More at wry.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, nautical) The rigging of a sailing ship or other such craft.
  2. Special equipment or gear used for a particular purpose.
    • The climbers each had a different rig for climbing that particular rockface.
  3. (US) A large truck such as a semi-tractor.
    • Every rig at the truckstop had custom-made mud-flaps.
  4. The special apparatus used for drilling wells.
  5. (informal) A costume or an outfit.
    • My sister and I always made our own rigs for Halloween.
  6. (slang, computing) A computer case, often modified for looks.
    • 2004, Radford Castro, Let Me Play: Stories of Gaming and Emulation (page 104) When I saw a special version of Quake running on Voodoo hardware, I knew I would be forking out quite a bit of money on my gaming rig.
  7. An imperfectly castrated horse, sheep etc.
  8. (slang) Radio equipment, especially a citizen's band transceiver.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To fit out with a harness or other equipment.
  2. (transitive, nautical) To equip and fit (a ship) with sail, shroud, and yard.
  3. (transitive, informal) To dress or clothe in some costume.
  4. (transitive) To make or construct something in haste or in a makeshift manner.
  5. (transitive) To manipulate something dishonestly for personal gain or discriminatory purposes. exampleto rig an election
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To play the wanton; to act in an unbecoming manner; to play tricks.
    • 1616, George Chapman, The Hymn to Hermes, in The Whole Works of Homer (tr.), Rigging and rifling all ways, and no noise / Made with thy soft feet, where it all destroys.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To make free with; hence, to steal; to pilfer. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 See ridge.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, Scotland, dialect) A ridge.
etymology 3 Compare wriggle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A wanton; one given to unbecoming conduct. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (obsolete) A sportive or unbecoming trick; a frolic.
    • Cowper He little dreamt when he set out / Of running such a rig.
  3. (obsolete) A blast of wind.
    • Burke that uncertain season before the rigs of Michaelmas were yet well composed.
{{Webster 1913}}
  • G.R.I., GRI, IrG
rig doctor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) One who fix CB radio system.
right {{wikipedia}} {{rfc}} Alternative forms: rite (informal) pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ɹaɪt/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹaɪt/, [ɹaɪʔ(t̚)]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English right, from Old English riht, reht, from Proto-Germanic *rehtaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵtós 〈*h₃reǵtós〉, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- 〈*h₃reǵ-〉. An Indo-European past participle, it became a Germanic adjective which has been used also as a noun since the common Germanic period. Cognate with West Frisian rjocht, Dutch recht, German recht/Recht, Swedish rätt and rät, Danish ret, Norwegian rett, and Icelandic rétt. The Indo-European root is also the source of Greek ὀρεκτός, Latin rectus, Albanian drejt and the Sanskrit ऋत 〈r̥ta〉.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (archaic) Straight, not bent. a right line
  2. Of an angle, having a size of 90 degrees, or one quarter of a complete rotation; the angle between two perpendicular lines. The kitchen counter formed a right angle with the back wall.
  3. Complying with justice, correctness or reason; correct, just, true. I thought you'd made a mistake, but it seems you were right all along. It's not right that one person gets all the credit for the group's work.
    • John Locke If there be no prospect beyond the grave, the inference is … right, "Let us eat and drink, for to-morrow we die."
    • Bishop Joseph Hall … there are some dispositions blame-worthy in men, which are yet, in a right sense, holily ascribed unto God; as unchangeableness, and irrepentance.
  4. Appropriate, perfectly suitable; fit for purpose. Is this the right software for my computer?
  5. Healthy, sane, competent. I'm afraid my father is no longer in his right mind.
  6. Real; veritable. You've made a right mess of the kitchen!
    • Milton In this battle, … the Britons never more plainly manifested themselves to be right barbarians.
  7. (Australia) All right; not requiring assistance.
    • 1986 David Williamson, "What If You Died Tomorrow," Collected plays, Volume 1, Currency Press, p310 KIRSTY: I suppose you're hungry. Would you like something to eat? / KEN: No. I'm right, thanks.
    • 2001 Catherine Menagé, Access to English, National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research, NSW: Sydney, p25 When the sales assistant sees the customer, she asks Are you right, sir? This means Are you all right? She wants to know if he needs any help.
    • 2001 Morris Gleitzman, Two weeks with the Queen, Pan Macmillan Australia, p75 'You lost?' / Colin spun round. Looking at him was a nurse, her eyebrows raised. / 'No, I'm right, thanks,' said Colin.'
  8. (dated) Most favourable or convenient; fortunate.
    • Spectator The lady has been disappointed on the right side.
  1. Designating the side of the body which is positioned to the east if one is facing north. This arrow points to the right: → After the accident, her right leg was slighly shorter than her left.
  2. Designed to be placed or worn outward. the right side of a piece of cloth
  3. (politics) Pertaining to the political right; conservative.
Synonyms: (correctness) correct, just, (side, direction) dexter, dextral, right-hand, (politics) conservative, right-wing, (as a tag question) see
  • (straightness) bowed, crooked, curved
  • (correctness) wrong
  • (side, direction) left
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. On the right side.
  2. Towards the right side.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Yes, that is correct; I agree.
  2. I agree with whatever you say; I have no opinion.
  3. Signpost word to change the subject in a discussion or discourse. - After that interview, I don't think we should hire her.- Right — who wants lunch?
  4. Used to check agreement at the end of an utterance. You're going, right?
  5. Used to add seriousness or decisiveness before a statement.
    • 1987, : Withnail: Right ... I'm gonna do the washing up.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. That which complies with justice, law or reason. exampleWe're on the side of right in this contest.
  2. A legal or moral entitlement. exampleYou have no right to go through my personal diary.
    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) There are no rights whatever, without corresponding duties.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, [ “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days], 3/19/2 , “Ivor had acquired more than a mile of fishing rights with the house ; he was not at all a good fisherman, but one must do something ; one generally, however, banged a ball with a squash-racket against a wall.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    see also in right of
  3. The right side or direction. exampleThe pharmacy is just on the right past the bookshop.
  4. (politics) The ensemble of right-wing political parties; political conservatives as a group. exampleThe political right holds too much power.
  5. The outward or most finished surface, as of a piece of cloth, a carpet, etc.
Synonyms: (right side) starboard, 3 o'clock
  • (legal or moral entitlement) duty, obligation
etymology 2 Old English rihtan, from riht, from the same ultimate source as Etymology 1, above.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To correct. Righting all the wrongs of the war will be impossible.
  2. To set upright. The tow-truck righted what was left of the automobile.
  3. (intransitive) To return to normal upright position. When the wind died down, the ship righted.
  4. To do justice to; to relieve from wrong; to restore rights to; to assert or regain the rights of. to right the oppressed
    • Shakespeare So just is God, to right the innocent.
    • Jefferson All experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Exactly, precisely. exampleThe arrow landed right in the middle of the target. exampleLuckily we arrived right at the start of the film.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “Then there came a reg'lar terror of a sou'wester same as you don't get one summer in a thousand, and blowed the shanty flat and ripped about half of the weir poles out of the sand. We spent consider'ble money getting 'em reset, and then a swordfish got into the pound and tore the nets all to slathers, right in the middle of the squiteague season.”
  2. (British, US, dialect) Very, extremely, quite. exampleI made a right stupid mistake there, didn't I? exampleI stubbed my toe a week ago and it still hurts right much.
  3. According to fact or truth; actually; truly; really.
  4. In a correct manner. exampleDo it right or don't do it at all.
  5. (dated, still used in some titles) To a great extent or degree.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 13 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “He b'iled right over, and the tongue-lashing he give that boss Right Liver beat anything I ever listened to. There was heap of Scriptur' language in it, and more brimstone than you'd find in a match factory.”
    exampleSir, I am right glad to meet you … exampleMembers of the Queen's Privy Council are styled The Right Honourable for life. exampleThe Right Reverend Monsignor Guido Sarducci.
In the US, the word "right" is used as an adverb meaning "very, quite" in most of the major dialect areas, including the Southern US, Appalachia, New England{{,}} and the Midwest, though the usage is not part of standard US English.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: exactly, just, precisely, smack dab
related terms:
  • downright
  • upright
  • {{rank}}
  • girth
  • grith
rightard etymology right + tard
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A person of right-wing political views.
Synonyms: conservatard (derogatory), cuntservative (vulgar), wingnut (derogatory)
  • leftard
  • neotard (derogatory)
right as rain
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (simile, colloquial) Very good; healthy.
    • 1894, , Things I Have Seen and People I Have Known: So I went to him [Thackeray d. 1863] while he was at breakfast in Onslow Square, on the morning of the banquet, and asked him if the speech was " all right." "As right as rain," he replied.
    • 1999, , Tis: A Memoir, p. 322: Malachy brought me aspirins and vitamins and told me I'd be as right as rain in the morning and I wondered what that meant, right as rain.
  2. (simile, colloquial) Correct; factually accurate.
    • 1894, , In the Midst of Alarms, ch. 23: "To whom are you engaged? As I understand your talk, it is to Miss Bartlett. Am I right?" "Right as rain, Renny."
righteous Alternative forms: rightuous, rightwise etymology From earlier rightuous, rightwose, rightwos, rightwise, from Middle English rightwise, rightwis, from Old English rihtwīs, corresponding to right + wise (with assimilation of second element to -ous), or to right + wise ‘way, manner’. Cognate with Scots richtwis, Old High German rehtwīsic, Icelandic réttvíss. Compare also thefteous, mighteous. pronunciation
  • /ˈraɪtʃəs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. free from sin or guilt
  2. moral and virtuous, suggesting sanctimonious
  3. justified morally
  4. (slang, US) awesome
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To make righteous; specifically, to justify religiously, to absolve from sin.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 101: Thus for the purposes of being ‘righteoused’, the Law was irrelevant; yet Paul could not bear to see all the Law disappear.
righto Alternative forms: right-ho, righteo, rightio, right-oh, right-o
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (colloquial, chiefly, British and Australian) okay
right on
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, often, pejorative) Possessing political and social views that are considered to be fashionable and left-wing.
    • {{quote-news }}
Synonyms: politically correct, PC
  • politically incorrect
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (US, idiomatic) An expression of enthusiasm or encouragement. I knew you could do it. Right on!
Rightpondia etymology From right ‘east’ + pond ‘Atlantic Ocean’ + ia. Apparently from the Usenet newsgroup alt.usage.english circa 1997.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang) The British Isles.
    • 2001 November 24, Ray Heindl <>, "Monetary trouble in Rightpondia?",, Usenet.
    • 2003 October 30,, "to Rightpondia", alt.usage.english, Usenet, One difference between Rightpondia and Leftpondia is that Arpudlians go 'to hospital' and Elpudlians go 'to the hospital'.
    • 2003 December 14, Maggie Davey <>, "Re: Glucose Tolerance Test",, Usenet, I wonder how I would go about getting something similar over here in Rightpondia.
Rightpondian etymology Apparently from the Usenet newsgroup alt.usage.english circa 1997.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) From or of Rightpondia.
    • 2000 May 5, Andy Minter <>, "Rightpondian query", alt.usage.english, Usenet.
    • 2002 November 8, Mike Harrison <>, "Rightpondian Shopping Tip", alt.2eggs.sausage.beans.tomatoes.2toast.largetea.cheerslove, Usenet.
    • 2007 September 5, Dr Peter Young <>, "Creeping Rightpondian usage.",, Usenet, On the BBC news today, a Rightpondian used the term "transportation services".
  2. (slang) Like a Rightpondian person.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A Rightpondian person.
    • 2003 February 5, Graybags <>, "Re: preference preference",, Usenet, Gobbledegook to this Rightpondian.
    • 2007 September 5, Dr Peter Young <>, "Creeping Rightpondian usage.",, Usenet, On the BBC news today, a Rightpondian used the term "transportation services".
  • Leftpondian
right stuff
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, with “the”) Ideal and essential qualities in character that are critical for success.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who espouses a position of support for fetus' right to life; a pro-lifer; one who opposed abortion.
  2. One who is opposed to the legalization of euthanasia.
Synonyms: antiabortionist, antichoicer (derogatory), fetus fetishist (derogatory), forced-birther (derogatory), pro-lifer
righty Alternative forms: rightie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A right-handed person.
Synonyms: right-hander
  • lefty
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Right; used to indicate agreement or change of topic.
right you are
phrase: right you are
  1. (colloquial) OK, okey-dokey, acknowledgment that a request has been heard and understood.
rigor etymology From Old French, from Latin rigor, from rigere. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. alternative spelling of rigour
  2. (slang) an abbreviated form of rigor mortis.
    • 2005, Jon Courtenay Grimwood, Pashazade, page 4, paragraph 3 Heat always upped the rate at which rigor gripped a corpse.
rigour {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: rigor (US) etymology From Middle English, from xno, from Old French rigor, from Latin rigor, from rigere. Compare French rigueur. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Severity or strictness.
  2. A trembling or shivering response.
  3. Character of being unyielding or inflexible.
  4. Shrewd questioning.
  5. Higher level of difficulty.
  6. (British, slang) misspelling of rigor An abbreviated form of rigour mortis.
related terms:
  • rigid
  • rigorous
  • rigorousness
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (dated, UK, dialect or US, colloquial) roily; turbulent
{{Webster 1913}}
rim {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɹɪm/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rim, rym, rime, from Old English rima, from Proto-Germanic *rimô, *rembô, from Proto-Indo-European *rem-, *remə-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Rim, Icelandic rimi.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An edge around something, especially when circular.
  2. (automotive, cycling) wheelrim
verb: {{en-verb}} (transitive)
  1. To form a rim on.
  2. To follow the contour, possibly creating a circuit Palm trees rim the beach. A walking path rims the island.
  3. (of a ball) To roll around a rim. The golf ball rimmed the cup. The basketball rimmed in and out.
etymology 2 From Middle English rim, rym, ryme, reme, from Old English reoma, from Proto-Germanic *reumô, from Proto-Indo-European *rew-. Cognate with Dutch riem, German Riemen, Swedish rem.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK dialectal) A membrane.
  2. (UK dialectal or obsolete) The membrane enclosing the intestines; the peritoneum, hence loosely, the intestines; the lower part of the abdomen; belly.
    • 1599, Shakespeare, King Henry V, Act IV, scene IV - Pistol to a captured French soldier from whom he wants a ransom and whom he does not understand , “Moy shall not serve; I will have forty moys; / Or I will fetch thy rim out at thy throat / In drops of crimson blood.”
etymology 3 From a variation of ream.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) to lick the anus of a partner as part of the sexual act.
    • 2008, Lexy Harper, Bedtime Erotica for Freaks (Like Me), page 216 When she started thrusting her hips back against his finger, he turned her over and rimmed her asshole as he fingered her clit.
  • IRM, mir, Mir, MIR, MRI
rim job {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic) An act of anilingus, involving one person lick another's anus.
Synonyms: tossed salad (slang, vulgar)
rimming pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹɪmɪŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of rim
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, vulgar, slang) The act of performing a rim job; anilingus.
rimshot Alternative forms: rim shot etymology rim + shot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A percussive note in which the drumstick hits both the head and the rim of the drum.
  2. (colloquial) A percussive sting or flourish used to punctuate a joke in a cabaret or vaudeville act.
  • Technically, the sting used to punctuate a joke is not a rimshot. A rimshot is a particular note (as in sense 1 above); a sting is a percussive figure consisting of several notes, perhaps a roll followed by a crash cymbal. As noted above, though, colloquially, a sting is also called .
ring pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹɪŋ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹiːŋ/
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English ring, ryng, also rink, rynk, from Old English hring, hrincg, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krengʰ-. Akin to Scots ring, Western Frisian ring, Saterland Frisian Ring, Dutch ring, Low German Ring, German Ring, Swedish ring, Icelandic hringur, xum krenkatrum, cringatro, Proto-Slavic *krǫgъ 〈*krǫgʺ〉 (Russian круг 〈krug〉), Old English hrung, Albanian vrangull, rreng. More at rung.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (physical) A solid object in the shape of a circle.
    1. A circumscribing object, (roughly) circular and hollow, looking like an annual ring, earring, finger ring etc.
    2. A round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger or through the ear, nose, etc.
      • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) The dearest ring in Venice will I give you.
    3. (British) A bird band, a round piece of metal put around a bird's leg used for identification and studies of migration.
    4. (UK) A burner on a kitchen stove.
    5. In a jack plug, the connector between the tip and the sleeve.
    6. An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite.
    7. (botany) A flexible band partly or wholly encircling the spore case of fern.
  2. (physical) A group of objects arranged in a circle.
    1. A circular group of people or objects. examplea ring of mushrooms growing in the wood
      • John Milton (1608-1674) And hears the Muses in a ring / Aye round about Jove's altar sing.
      • 1944, Cecil Street , [ The Three Corpse Trick], 5 , “The hovel stood in the centre of what had once been a vegetable garden, but was now a patch of rank weeds. Surrounding this, almost like a zareba, was an irregular ring of gorse and brambles, an unclaimed vestige of the original common.”
    2. (astronomy) A formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet.
    3. (British) A large circular prehistoric stone construction such as Stonehenge.
  3. A piece of food in the shape of a ring. exampleonion rings
  4. A place where some sports or exhibition take place; notably a circular or comparable arena, such as a boxing ring or a circus ring; hence the field of a political contest.
    • Edmund Smith (poet) (1672–1710) Place me, O, place me in the dusty ring, / Where youthful charioteers contend for glory.
  5. An exclusive group of people, usually involving some unethical or illegal practices. examplea crime ring;&emsp; a prostitution ring
    • Edward Augustus Freeman (1823-1892) the ruling ring at Constantinople
  6. (chemistry) A group of atom linked by bond to form a closed chain in a molecule. examplea benzene ring
  7. (geometry) A planar geometrical figure included between two concentric circle.
  8. (typography) A diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle placed above or under the letter; a kroužek.
  9. (historical) An old English measure of corn equal to the coomb or half a quarter.
    • 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, page 168. The ring is common in the Huntingdonshire accounts of Ramsey Abbey. It was equal to half a quarter, i.e., is identical with the coomb of the eastern counties. —
  10. (computing theory) A hierarchical level of privilege in a computer system, usually at hardware level, used to protect data and functionality (also protection ring).
    • 2007, Steve Anson, Steve Bunting, Mastering Windows Network Forensics and Investigation (page 70) Kernel Mode processes run in ring 0, and User Mode processes run in ring 3.
  11. (firearms) Either of the pair of clamps used to hold a telescopic sight to a rifle.
Synonyms: (circumscribing object) hoop, annulus, torus
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To surround or enclose. The inner city was ringed with dingy industrial areas.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To make an incision around; to girdle. They ringed the trees to make the clearing easier next year.
  3. (transitive) To attach a ring to, especially for identification. Only ringed hogs may forage in the commons. We managed to ring 22 birds this morning.
  4. (transitive) To surround or fit with a ring, or as if with a ring. to ring a pig's snout
    • Shakespeare Ring these fingers.
  5. (falconry) To rise in the air spirally.
    • 1877, Gerard Manley Hopkins, : .. how he rung upon the rein of a wimpling wing ..
etymology 2 From Middle English ringen, from Old English hringan, from Proto-Germanic *hringijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreg-. Cognate with Dutch ringen, Danish ringe, Swedish ringa, Icelandic hringja, Lithuanian krañkti, Albanian vring.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The resonant sound of a bell, or a sound resembling it. The church bell's ring could be heard the length of the valley. The ring of hammer on anvil filled the air.
  2. (figuratively) A pleasant or correct sound. The name has a nice ring to it.
  3. (colloquial) A telephone call. I’ll give you a ring when the plane lands.
  4. Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.
    • Francis Bacon the ring of acclamations fresh in his ears
  5. A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned. St Mary's has a ring of eight bells.
    • Fuller as great and tunable a ring of bells as any in the world
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) Of a bell, to produce sound. The bells were ringing in the town.
  2. (transitive) To make (a bell) produce sound. The deliveryman rang the doorbell to drop off a parcel.
    • Shakespeare The shard-borne beetle, with his drowsy hums, / Hath rung night's yawning peal.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound. Whose mobile phone is ringing?
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of something spoken or written, to appear to be, to seem, to sound. That does not ring true.
  5. (transitive, colloquial, British, New Zealand) To telephone (someone). I will ring you when we arrive.
  6. (intransitive) to resound, reverberate, echo.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4 So he spoke, and it seemed there was a little halting at first, as of men not liking to take Blackbeard's name in Blackbeard's place, or raise the Devil by mocking at him. But then some of the bolder shouted 'Blackbeard', and so the more timid chimed in, and in a minute there were a score of voices calling 'Blackbeard, Blackbeard', till the place rang again.
    • 1919, Boris Sidis, : It is instructive for us to learn as well as to ponder on the fact that "the very men who looked down with delight, when the sand of the arena reddened with human blood, made the arena ring with applause when Terence in his famous line: ‘Homo sum, Nihil humani alienum puto’ proclaimed the brotherhood of man."
  7. (intransitive) To produce music with bells. {{rfquotek}}
  8. (dated) To repeat often, loudly, or earnestly.
etymology 3 A shortening of German Zahlring; coined by mathematician in 1892. (Reference: Harvey Cohn, Advanced Number Theory, page 49.)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (algebra) An algebraic structure which consists of a set with two binary operations, an additive operation and a multiplicative operation, such that the set is an abelian group under the additive operation, a monoid under the multiplicative operation, and such that the multiplicative operation is distributive with respect to the additive operation. The set of integers, \mathbb{Z}, is the prototypical ring.
  2. (algebra) An algebraic structure as above, but only required to be a semigroup under the multiplicative operation, that is, there need not be a multiplicative identity element. The definition of ring without unity allows, for instance, the set 2\mathbb{Z} of even integers to be a ring.
  • pseudo-ring
  • semiring
  • commutative ring
    • integral domain
      • unique factorization domain, Noetherian domain
        • principal ideal domain
          • Euclidean domain
            • field
  • girn
  • grin
  • NGRI
Ringhead etymology ring + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of the opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner.
    • 2005, Melinda Bargreen, "Ringheads have fiery devotion", The Seattle Times, 7 August 2005: And Ringheads aren't the only ones who are drawn to Wagner: only Hitler and Shakespeare have attracted so many biographers, analysts and apologists.
    • 2008, Daniel J. Wakin, "‘Ring’ Fans and the Met Lock Horns Over Ticket Rule ", The New York Times, 10 April 2008: Ringheads, also known as Wagnolaters, often travel the world to hear the cycle, reserving special devotion for Bayreuth, Germany, where Wagner’s own theater stands.
    • 2010, Valerie J. Nelson, "Wagner fan led 'Ringheads'", Chicago Tribune, 5 June 2010: Sherwin Sloan retired early as an ophthalmologist to pursue an obsession that bestowed another title — leader of the "Ringheads," a nickname for fans of Richard Wagner's four-opera cycle known as "The Ring."
Synonyms: Ringnut
  • Wagnerian, Wagnerite
Ringnut etymology ring + nut, by analogy with wingnut.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous or _, pejorative) A fan of the opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner.
  2. (slang, humorous or _, pejorative) A fan of the novel The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien and/or the film trilogy based on it.
Synonyms: (Ring cycle fan) Ringhead, (Lord of the Rings fan) Ringer
  • (Ring cycle fan) Wagnerian, Wagnerite
  • (Lord of the Rings fan) Tolkiendil, Tolkienian, Tolkienist, Tolkienite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, chiefly, UK) The anal sphincter
Synonyms: ring
ring rat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (professional wrestling, slang) A promiscuous person, often a young female, who attends professional wrestling events primarily to seek sexual liaison with wrestlers and other performers.
  • tarring
ring sting
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, vulgar) Irritation of the anus ("ring") as a result of eating spicy food.
  • stringing
ring the changes etymology {{rfe}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. To make patterned sound sequences on bells, starting and ending on the same tone.
  2. {{senseid}} To run through all possible variations.
  3. (slang, UK, 19th century and earlier) To substitute bad money for good.
  4. (UK) To enliven by varying combinations.
Synonyms: (to vary combinations) mix and match
rinker etymology rink + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) One who skate at a rink.
{{Webster 1913}}
rinking etymology rink + ing
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, dated) skating in a rink
{{Webster 1913}}

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