The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


rinky-dink pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (informal) Of poor or inferior quality; hokey; sloppy; chintzy; small; flimsy; inadequate. That rinky-dink shelf is likely to collapse if you fill it with books.
rinse etymology From Middle English rinsen, rensen, rinshen, rencen, partly from Old Norse hreinsa; and partly from Middle French rincer, from Old French rinser, reinser, onf raincer, raincier, from Old Norse hreinsa, from Proto-Germanic *hrainisōną, from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *kery-, *krēy-. Cognate with Danish rense, Norwegian rense, Swedish rensa, Old High German reinisōn, German rein, Gothic 𐌷𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃 〈𐌷𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌽𐍃〉. More at riddle. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɪns/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To wash (something) quickly using water and no soap. You'd better rinse that stain before putting the shirt in the washing machine.
  2. (transitive) To remove soap from (something) using water. Rinse the dishes after you wash them.
  3. (UK, slang) to thoroughly defeat in an argument, fight or other competition. Checkmate! Oh no. You got rinsed.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The action of rinsing. I'll just give this knife a quick rinse.
  2. Any hair dye. I had a henna rinse yesterday.
  • reins
  • resin
  • risen
  • serin
  • siren
riot police {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A unit of the police specifically trained to deal with riot crowds. They use special equipment for personal defense as well as for crowd control and dispersal.
  • As a collective noun, the riot police are referred to using plural pronouns and verb forms, such as they and were.
rip pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹɪp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Middle English rippen, from earlier ryppen ‘to pluck’, from Proto-Germanic *ruppōną (compare Western Frisian roppe, ropje, Low German ruppen, German rupfen), intensive of *raupijaną (compare Old English rīpan, rīepan ‘to plunder’, Western Frisian rippe ‘to rip, tear’, German raufen 'to rip'),Marlies Philippa et al., eds., ''Etymologisch Woordenboek van het Nederlands'', A-Z, s.v. “ruif” (Amsterdam UP, 3 Dec. 2009): <>, citing G.G. Kloeke, “Die niederländischen Wörter ''ruif'' ‘Raufe’ und ''luif(el)'' ‘Schutzdach’”, in ''Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter'' 17 (1952), 46-50. Jan de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, ''Nederlands Etymologisch Woordenboek'', 4th edn., s.v. “rob 3” (Leiden: Brill, 1997), 581. causative of Proto-Indo-European *roub ~ reub- (compare Albanian rrabe ‘maquis’,Vladimir Orel, ''Albanian Etymological Dictionary'', s.v. “rrabe” (Leiden: Brill, 1998), 376. possibly Latin rubus ‘bramble’), variant of *reup- ‘to break’.Wolfgang Pfeifer, ed., ''Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen'', s.v. “raufen” (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbucher Vertrag, 2005), 1090. More at reave, rob.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A tear (in paper, etc.).
  2. A type of tide or current.
    1. (Australia) A strong outflow of surface water, away from the shore, that returns water from incoming waves.
      • 2000, Andrew Short, Beaches of the Queensland Coast: Cooktown to Coolangatta, [http//|%22rips%22+australia+-intitle:%22rip|rips%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=goiCvL-AJk&sig=oY_KPliuAgrmcNTHEGhyX1Sk2as&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9rUPUMj1Iur-mAWI7IGYDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rip%22|%22rips%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22rip|rips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 38], Rhythmic beaches consist of a rhythmic longshore bar that narrows and deepens when the rip crosses the breaker, and in between broadens, shoals and approaches the shore. It does not, however, reach the shore, with a continuous rip feeder channel feeding the rips to either side of the bar.
      • 2005, Paul Smitz, Australia & New Zealand on a Shoestring, Lonely Planet, [http//|%22rips%22+australia+-intitle:%22rip|rips%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=ws9FIGXrDy&sig=bG1-rhp1ChmhFgin1fhglfB4KbE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9rUPUMj1Iur-mAWI7IGYDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rip%22|%22rips%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22rip|rips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 466], Undertows (or ‘rips’) are the main problem. If you find yourself being carried out by a rip, the important thing to do is just keep afloat; don′t panic or try to swim against the rip, which will exhaust you. In most cases the current stops within a couple of hundred metres of the shore and you can then swim parallel to the shore for a short way to get out of the rip and make your way back to land.
      • 2010, Jeff Wilks, Donna Prendergast, Chapter 9: Beach Safety and Millennium Youth: Travellers and Sentinels, Pierre Benckendorff, Gianna Moscardo, Donna Pendergast, Tourism and Generation Y, [http//|%22rips%22+australia+-intitle:%22rip|rips%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=NpDwy_AFyn&sig=4rtY4vVBUbyWr_h4huq_jRyoOoI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9rUPUMj1Iur-mAWI7IGYDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rip%22|%22rips%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22rip|rips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 100], Given that a large number of all rescues conducted by Surf Life Saving Australia (SLSA) occur in rips (a rip being a relatively narrow, seaward moving stream of water), this is critical surf-safety information (Surf Life Saving Australia, 2005).
  3. (slang) A comical, embarrassing, or hypocritical event or action.
  4. (slang) A hit (dose) of marijuana.
  5. (UK, Eton College) A black mark given for substandard schoolwork.
Synonyms: tear
related terms:
  • riptide
  • rip current
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To divide or separate the parts of (especially something flimsy such as paper or fabric), by cutting or tearing; to tear off or out by violence. to rip a garment; to rip up a floor
  2. (intransitive) To tear apart; to rapidly become two parts. My shirt ripped when it caught on a bramble.
  3. (transitive) To get by, or as if by, cutting or tearing.
    • Granville He'll rip the fatal secret from her heart.
  4. (intransitive, figurative) To move quickly and destructively.
    • 2007, Roger Baker, Emotional Processing (page 136) On 18 November 1987 a horrific flash fire ripped through the escalators and ticket hall of King's Cross tube station, killing thirty people.
  5. (woodworking) To cut wood along (parallel to) the grain. Contrast crosscut.
  6. (transitive, slang, computing) To copy data from CD, DVD, Internet stream, etc. to a hard drive, portable device, etc.
  7. (slang, narcotics) To take a "hit" of marijuana.
  8. (slang) To fart.
  9. (US, slang) To mock or criticize.
  10. (transitive, slang, chiefly, demoscene) To steal; to rip off.
    • 2001, "rex deathstar", Opensource on demoscene (discussion on Internet newsgroup opensource is a double-edged sword. while you have a chance of people using and improving on the code, you will also have the chance of lamers ripping it.
    • 2002, "Ray Norrish", Barbarian demo circa 1988? (on newsgroup alt.emulators.amiga) …an old demo by some bods called "kellogs and donovan" which had ripped graphics from the game "Barbarian"…
  11. To move or act fast, to rush headlong.
  12. (archaic) To tear up for search or disclosure, or for alteration; to search to the bottom; to discover; to disclose; usually with up.
    • Clarendon They ripped up all that had been done from the beginning of the rebellion.
    • Milton For brethren to debate and rip up their falling out in the ear of a common enemy … is neither wise nor comely.
Synonyms: tear
related terms:
  • ripper
etymology 2 Compare Icelandic hrip, a box or basket; perhaps akin to English corb. Compare ripier.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A wicker basket for fish.
{{Webster 1913}}
etymology 3 Origin uncertain; perhaps a variant of rep.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, regional) A worthless horse; a nag. {{defdate}}
  2. (colloquial, regional) An immoral man; a rake, a scoundrel. {{defdate}}
    • 1924, Ford Madox Ford, Some Do Not…, Penguin 2012 (Parade's End), page 76: If there were, in clubs and places where men talk, unpleasant rumours as to himself he preferred it to be thought that he was the rip, not his wife the strumpet.
  • PRI
ripped pronunciation
  • /ɹɪpt/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of rip
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Torn, either partly or into separate pieces.
  2. Pulled away from forcefully.
  3. In data storage, transferred to a hard disk from another portable media form.
  4. Copied or stolen usually from an identified source.
  5. (bodybuilding) Having extremely low bodyfat content so that the shape of the underlying muscle become pronounced. Said especially of well-defined abdominal muscles.
    • 1988, Steve Holman, "Christian Conquers Columbus", 47 (6): 28-34. With the average male competitor weighing around 220, the total poundage of raw, ripped mass in the preliminary lineup is over 3,700 pounds.
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106 That's the premise of the overload principle, and it must be applied, even to ab training, if you're going to develop a cut, ripped midsection.
  6. (slang) Drunk, inebriated.
Synonyms: (torn) torn, (having low bodyfat) chiseled, cut, shredded, (drunk) See
  • dipper
ripper pronunciation
  • (British) /ˈrɪpə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈrɪpɚ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 rip + er; originated 1605–15.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something that rips (something else).
  2. Someone who rips (something).
  3. A legislative bill or act that transfers powers of appointment from the usual holders to a chief executive or a board of officials.
  4. A murderer who kills and often mutilates victims with a blade or similar sharp weapon.
  5. (mining) A hook-like tool used to tear away ore, rock, etc.
  6. (British, AU, slang) Something that is an excellent example of its kind.
    • 2001, Filton Hebbard, Memories of Kalgoorlie: Tales from the Australian Outback (page 334) Martin walked around the vehicle, viewing it from all angles and giggling as he did so. “She's a ripper, Bert, a real ripper!”
  7. (computing) Software that extracts content from file or storage media.
  8. (agriculture) A tool or plant use to reduce soil compaction.
  9. (US, New Jersey, slang) A hot dog deep-fried in oil until the casing burst.
etymology 2 Compare rip, or riparian. Alternative forms: ripler
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) One who brings fish from the seacoast to market in inland town.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher But what's the action we are for now? Robbing a ripper of his fish.
{{Webster 1913}}
ripping {{wikipedia}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of rip
adjective: {{head}}
  1. That rip, or can be removed by ripping.
  2. (dated, slang) Excellent.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Process of copying audio or video content to a hard disk.
  2. (woodworking) Wood that has been rip (cut parallel to the grain).
  3. (AU) Process of ploughing a rabbit warren with deep furrows as a form of feral control.
rippingly etymology ripping + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (dated, slang) splendid; very well The boys got along rippingly.
rippingness etymology ripping + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, dated, slang) Quality of being ripping.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) Enraged or otherwise highly emotional.
rise {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /raɪz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English risen, from Old English rīsan, from Proto-Germanic *rīsaną, from Proto-Indo-European *rei-. See also raise. {{rel-top}} Cognate with Western Frisian rize, Saterland Frisian risa, Dutch rijzen, Low German risen, German dialectal reisen, Icelandic rísa. Related also to German reisen, Dutch reizen, Danish rejse, Swedish resa. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian rris and Russian рост 〈rost〉. {{rel-bottom}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To move, or appear to move, physically upwards relative to the ground.
    1. To move upwards. exampleWe watched the balloon rise.
    2. To grow upward; to attain a certain height. exampleThis elm tree rises to a height of seventy feet.
    3. To slope upward. exampleThe path rises as you approach the foot of the hill.
    4. (of a celestial body) To appear to move upwards from behind the horizon of a planet as a result of the planet's rotation.
      • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet, , And still the hours passed, and at last I knew by the glimmer of light in the tomb above that the sun had risen again, and a maddening thirst had hold of me. And then I thought of all the barrels piled up in the vault and of the liquor that they held; and stuck not because 'twas spirit, for I would scarce have paused to sate that thirst even with molten lead.
      exampleThe sun was rising in the East.
    5. To become erect; to assume an upright position. exampleto rise from a chair or from a fall
    6. To leave one's bed; to get up.
      • Old proverb He that would thrive must rise by five.
    7. (figurative) To be resurrect. examplehe rose from the grave; &nbsp; he is risen!
    8. (figurative) To terminate an official sitting; to adjourn. exampleThe committee rose after agreeing to the report.
      • Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay (1800-1859) It was near nine…before the House rose.
  2. (intransitive) To increase in value or standing.
    1. To attain a higher status.
      • {{rfdate}} Augustus Hare (1834-1903) among the rising theologians of Germany
      • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall.
    2. Of a quantity, price, etc., to increase.
      • {{quote-magazine}}
    3. To become more and more dignified or forcible; to increase in interest or power; said of style, thought, or discourse. exampleto rise in force of expression; to rise in eloquence; &nbsp; a story rises in interest.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 8 , “The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again;…. Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.”
    4. To ascend on a musical scale; to take a higher pitch. exampleto rise a tone or semitone
  3. To begin; to develop.
    1. To develop.
      • {{quote-news}} Professor Peter Crome, chair of the audit's steering group, said the report "provides further concrete evidence that the care of patients with dementia in hospital is in need of a radical shake-up". While a few hospitals had risen to the challenge of improving patients' experiences, many have not, he said. The report recommends that all staff receive basic dementia awareness training, and staffing levels should be maintained to help such patients.
    2. To swell or puff up in the process of fermentation; to become light. exampleHas that dough risen yet?
    3. (of a river) To have its source (in a particular place).
      • 1802 December 1, “Interesting description of the Montanna Real”, in The Monthly magazine, or, British register, Number 94 (Number 5 of Volume 14), page 396: The majestic Marannon, or Amazon River, rises out of the Lake Launcocha, situated in the province of Tarma, in 10° 14ʹ south latitude, and ten leagues to the north of Pasco.
    4. To become perceptible to the senses, other than sight. examplea noise rose on the air; &nbsp; odour rises from the flower
    5. To become agitated, opposed, or hostile; to go to war; to take up arms; to rebel.
      • John Milton (1608-1674) At our heels all hell should rise / With blackest insurrection.
      • Alexander Pope (1688-1744) No more shall nation against nation rise.
    6. To come to mind; to be suggested; to occur.
      • Spectator A thought rose in me, which often perplexes men of contemplative natures.
  4. (transitive) To go up; to ascend; to climb. to rise a hill
  5. (transitive) To cause to go up or ascend. to rise a fish, or cause it to come to the surface of the water to rise a ship, or bring it above the horizon by approaching it
    • W. C. Russell Until we rose the bark we could not pretend to call it a chase.
  6. (obsolete) To retire; to give up a siege.
    • Richard Knolles (1545-1610) He, rising with small honour from Gunza,…was gone.
  7. To come; to offer itself.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) There chanced to the prince's hand to rise / An ancient book.
  8. (printing, dated) To be lifted, or capable of being lifted, from the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; said of a form.
Synonyms: (move upwards) climb, go up, (be resurrected) be resurrected, come back from the dead, (of a quantity, etc: to increase) climb, increase, go up
  • (move upwards) descend, drop, fall, sink
  • (of a celestial body) set
  • (of a quantity, etc: to increase) be reduce, decrease, drop, fall, go down
coordinate terms:
  • raise
related terms:
  • arise
  • raise
  • rise to the occasion
  • rise up
  • uprising
etymology 2 From the above verb.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The process of or an action or [[instance}} of moving upwards or becoming greater. The rise of the tide. There was a rise of nearly two degrees since yesterday. Exercise is usually accompanied by a temporary rise in blood pressure.
  2. The process of or an action or instance of coming to prominence. The rise of the working class. The rise of the printing press. The rise of the feminists.
  3. (chiefly, UK) An increase (in a quantity, price, etc).
  4. The amount of material extending from waist to crotch in a pair of trousers or shorts. The rise of his pants was so low that his tailbone was exposed.
  5. (UK, Ireland, Australia) An increase in someone's pay rate; a raise. The governor just gave me a rise of 2-pounds-6.
  6. (Sussex) A small hill; used chiefly in place names.
  7. An area of terrain that tends upward away from the viewer, such that it conceals the region behind it; a slope.
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, , I went along up the bank with one eye out for pap and t′other one out for what the rise might fetch along.
  8. (informal) An angry reaction. I knew that would get a rise out of him.
Synonyms: (increase in pay) raise
  • fall
  • {{rank}}
  • Eris, ires, reis, Seri, SIer, sire
rise to the occasion
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) To show resolve or effectiveness in dealing with a difficulty.
    • 1874, , Far from the Madding Crowd, ch. 15: Gabriel, though one of the quietest and most gentle men on earth, rose to the occasion, with martial promptness and vigour. "That's my fist. . . . Now — the first man in the parish that I hear prophesying bad of our mistress, why" (here the fist was raised and let fall as Thor might have done with his hammer in assaying it) — "he'll smell and taste that."
    • 1902, , The Great Boer War, ch. 38: As it happened, this particular ordeal was exceedingly severe, but nothing can excuse the absolute failure of the troops concerned to rise to the occasion.
    • 2011 Jan. 10, , "The Real Lesson of the Tucson Tragedy," Time (retrieved 9 May 2015): How many times have we heard this story? The one about people rising to the occasion, storming the cockpit of the hijacked jet, racing into the burning building, tackling the gunman, saving a life.
  2. (idiomatic, euphemistic, humorous) To achieve erection for sexual intercourse.
    • 2001, John R. Williams, The Life of Goethe: A Critical Biography: To his comic fury and shame, the traveller's 'master part' fails to rise to the occasion, and the girl's innocence is preserved.
rising {{wikipedia}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of rise
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. rebellion
  2. The act of something that rises. the risings and fallings of a thermometer
  3. (US, dated) A dough and yeast mixture which is allowed to ferment. salt rising; milk rising
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. going up
related terms:
  • rise
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. (US, slang, dated) More than; exceeding; upwards of. a horse rising six years of age
{{Webster 1913}}
  • siring
Rising Sun
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. Any of a number of places in the USA
  2. (UK) A traditional pub name (See )
  3. (informal) The flag of Japan
  • sunrising
ritz etymology {{back-form}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, usually preceded by the) A display of ostentatious elegance.
etymology 1 From Middle English river, rivere, from xno rivere, from Old French riviere, from vl *riparia, from Latin riparius, from riparia, from ripa, from Proto-Indo-European *rey-. Compare Western Frisian rivier, Dutch rivier, Middle Low German rivêr, Middle High German rivier, Middle High German rivier, riviere, revier &quot;district&quot;; &gt; German Revier. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈɹɪvə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈɹɪvɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large and often winding stream which drains a land mass, carrying water down from higher areas to a lower point, ending at an ocean or in an inland sea.
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows By the side of the river he trotted as one trots, when very small, by the side of a man who holds one spell-bound by exciting stories; and when tired at last, he sat on the bank, while the river still chattered on to him, a babbling procession of the best stories in the world, sent from the heart of the earth to be told at last to the insatiable sea.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleOccasionally rivers overflow their banks and cause floods.
  2. Any large flow of a liquid in a single body. examplea river of blood
  3. (poker) The last card dealt in a hand.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (poker) To improve one’s hand to beat another player on the final card in a poker game. Johnny rivered me by drawing that ace of spades.
etymology 2 rive + er pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈɹaɪvə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈɹaɪvɚ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who rive or split.
  • {{rank}}
river rat etymology river + rat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (literally) A rat that lives on or along a river.
  2. (chiefly, pejorative) A lower-class person living on or along a river.
  3. (chiefly, pejorative) A poker player that wins a Texas Hold'em hand by making the winning hand on the river card.
quotations: {{timeline}}
  • 1989, , The river rat he fought was one of a gang of them lolling under the eaves of the porthouse, probably waiting for a gaming house to open.
  • 1993, Peter Filichia, Let’s Put on a Musical! Cap’n Andy claims that his show boat is “one big happy family”—and that includes his wife, daughter Magnolia, as well as stars Julie and husband Steve, and black help Queenie and Joe. But it won’t be for long; because a river rat’s love for Julie goes unrequited, and he informs the sheriff that she’s a “half-breed” with Negro blood.
  • 1994, Betty Bryant, Here Comes the Showboat! While other children were learning how to walk, I was learning how to swim, and I knew how to set a trotline, gig a frog, catch a crawfish, and strip the mud vein out of a carp by the time I was four. Dad called me a river rat.
  • 2000, Elvira Woodruff, The Christmas Doll To her horror, she discovered that the rope she was holding was not a rope at all, but a tail. And attached to the tail was a large river rat that scrambled frantically in midair, thrashing to get away.
rivethead {{wikipedia}} etymology rivet + head, from the use of rivets in industrial manufacture.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An aficionado of industrial music.
    • 2004, Nancy Kilpatrick, The Goth Bible … self-described rivethead Ebony Joseph …
    • 2005, Anne Thomas Soffee, Nerd Girl Rocks Paradise City Much to the shock of my rivethead friends, I plan to make the first stop on my pilgrimage in Athens, Georgia, of all places. Athens, home of REM, Pylon, and enough paisley shirts and pegged pants to fill every overpriced thrift store in Georgia …
    • 2007, Raven Digitalis, Goth Craft: The Magickal Side of Dark Culture The "rivet" in the rivethead title comes from the metal bolts of the same name, which are used in the industrial construction of architecture.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. initialism of random number generator
  2. (roguelikes, humorous) initialism of Random Number God
roach {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɹəʊtʃ/
  • (US) /ɹoʊtʃ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old French roche, of unknown origin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Certain members of the fish family Cyprinidae, including:
    1. Species in the genus Rutilus, especially:
      1. The {{vern}} (Rutilus rutilus)
    2. The {{vern}}, of the monotypic genus {{taxlink}}
etymology 2 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A cockroach.
  2. (US, slang, smoking) A butt of a marijuana cigarette.
  3. (UK, slang, smoking) The filter of a rolled cigarette or joint, made from card or paper.
  4. (nautical) An extra curve of material added to the leech edge of a sail to increase the sail area.
  5. A kind of headdress worn by some of the indigenous peoples of North America.
  • achor, orach
roach coach
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, humorous) A catering or food truck.
roach motel {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A low-priced motel in a state of disrepair.
roadblock etymology From road + block.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something that blocks or obstructs a road.
  2. An obstacle or impediment.
Synonyms: See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To prevent, hinder.
Synonyms: See also
road burn {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) skin injury caused by abrasion with road surfaces
Synonyms: road rash
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A competition for the drivers of vehicle, such as buses, which can be driven on road. The name is a pun on the homophone rodeo.
road iron
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A motor vehicle; such as a car or a motorbike.
road rash {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) skin and bone injury caused by abrasion with road surfaces
roadster etymology Derived from road + ster.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a sea-going vessel riding at anchor in a road or bay.
  2. (nautical) A clumsy vessel that works its way from one anchorage to another by means of the tides. {{rfquotek}}
  3. A horse for riding on the road. A sound, swift, well-fed hunter and roadster. — Thackeray.
  4. A bicycle, or tricycle, adapted for common roads, rather than for the racing track, usually of classic style & steel-framed.
  5. (UK, dated) One who drives much; a coach driver.
  6. (UK, dated, slang) A hunter who keeps to the road instead of following the hounds across country.
  7. An open automobile having a front seat and a rumble seat.
  8. A person who lives along the road.
road warrior
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A frequent business traveller
  2. (slang, business) A salesperson who spends a lot of time traveling and outside the office.
  3. (slang) A person who carries a mobile device such as a laptop or PDA and uses wireless internet connections to work.
  4. (bicycling) A recreational cyclist who rides a racing bicycle and wears lycra.
related terms:
  • corridor warrior
roaster etymology roast + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who roast food.
  2. (cookware) A kitchen utensil used for roasting.
  3. A chicken, pig, etc. suitable for roasting.
  4. One who roast or banters, especially as a comedy routine.
  5. (planetology, informal) A hot Jupiter.
  6. (Scotland, slang, derogatory) An objectionable person; somebody making a fool of themselves.
  • roarest
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (informal, UK) roast potato
    • 2008, Becky Thorn, School Dinners My dad made crispy, rough-edged roasties lovingly cooked in beef dripping but I perversely much preferred the drier, soak-up-the-gravy ones we had at school.
roastnear etymology From roasting ear.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) An ear of corn or corn on the cob.
rob {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /rɒb/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /rɑb/
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From Middle English robben, from xno robber, rober, Old French rober, from frk *rōbōn (compare Dutch roven), Old High German roubōn, raubōn &quot;to rob, steal, plunder&quot;; &gt; Malayalam raubare, from Proto-Germanic *raubōną (compare English reave). More at reave.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To steal from, especially using force or violence. exampleHe robbed three banks before he was caught.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of, or withhold from, unjustly or injuriously; to defraud.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) I never robbed the soldiers of their pay.
  3. (transitive, figuratively, used with "of") To deprive (of). exampleWorking all day robs me of any energy to go out in the evening.
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence. She devoured with more avidity than she had her food those pretentiously phrased chronicles of the snobocracy […] distilling therefrom an acid envy that robbed her napoleon of all its savour.
  4. (intransitive, slang) To burgle.
    • 2008, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Sept 4, 2008 Her house was robbed.
  5. (intransitive) To commit robbery.
  6. (sports) To take possession of the ball, puck etc. from.
    • {{quote-news}}
related terms:
  • reave, bereave
  • rip
  • rubble, rubbish
etymology 2 French; compare Spanish rob, Italian rob, robbo, Portuguese robe, arrobe, Persian ربودن 〈rbwdn〉 and also similar in Arabic. Alternative forms: rhob, rohob
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The inspissate juice of ripe fruit, obtained by evaporation of the juice over a fire until it reaches a syrupy consistency. It is sometimes mixed with honey or sugar.
  • bor
  • bro
  • orb
robber baron {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical) In Europe, an aristocrat who charged exorbitant fee or otherwise exact money from people who journey across land or waterway which he controlled.
    • 1900, , "The Man with the Gash," Men who made it a custom to travel the trail to Dawson, likened him to a robber baron, perched in his fortress and exacting toll from the caravans that used his ill-kept roads.
  2. (chiefly, US, idiomatic, usually, derogatory) Especially in the 19th and early 20th centuries, a business tycoon who had great wealth and influence but whose methods were morally questionable and often unethical.
    • 1886, "A Robber Baron Muses," New York Times, 14 Mar., page 3: Still sails the Robber Baron's yacht in sunny Southern seas. Daily she jams her nose ashore, and daily takes on and puts off a fresh cargo of telegraph dispatches; and he who is idling for his liver's sake knows every night the tale of Wall-street's ticker and baiteth still without cessation his everlasting mouse trap.
    • 1975, , Bodily Communication, ISBN 9780823605507, page 206: An early operator in the field, Ivy Lee, is reported to have changed the image of John D. Rockefeller from robber baron to philanthropic old gentleman who loved to play golf and hand out shiny coins to children.
Synonyms: (European aristocrat who exacted money) feudal lord, (business tycoon) captain of industry, industrialist, magnate
robbery {{Wikipedia}} etymology Old French roberie, from the verb rober + -ie. Ultimately from unattested frk *. See rob, -y. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • (UK) /ˈrɒbəˌri/, /ˈrɒbri/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act or practice of rob.
  2. (legal) The offense of taking or attempt to take the property of another by force or threat of force.
hypernyms: (attempt of taking the property of another by threat) larceny
hyponyms: taking or attempt of taking the property of another by force or threat
  • piracy, armed robbery, aggravated robbery, highway robbery, mugging, carjacking, extortion, stick-up (slang), blagging (slang), steaming (slang)
related terms:
  • armed robbery
  • rob
  • robber
  • daylight robbery
  • strong-arm robbery
Robert Borden Alternative forms: Borden, Sir Robert Borden etymology From the depiction of , former from 1911 to 1920, on the front of the .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, slang) A Canadian hundred-dollar note.
    • 2005, Jose Loureno, "Give me $50 now, and I might even vote", Toronto Star, 29 November 2005: Short of spraying magnums of Veuve Clicquot over backbenchers while lighting cigars with Robert Bordens, Paul and Co. announced a pre-budget teaser of how he and his pals planned to spend! spend! spend! on all sorts of crazy "please have us back" projects, things like fancy new transit system improvements, hundreds of millions of dollars for struggling farmers, and a program to curb gun violence in our fair city.
    • 2011, Andrew Zwicker, "Wine, chocolate and chamber music aim to crack the code of the BMO safe", The Rossland Telegraph (Rossland, British Columbia), 9 February 2011: As for hopes of perhaps finding a load of gold bars or wrapped up stacks of Robert Bordens once they get inside, Quince isn’t holding his breath.
    • 2012, Wade Wilson & Edward Blake, "Topz (With a Z): Top Ways to Make Money", The Iron Warrior (University of Waterloo), 4 July 2012: Well, well, J.D. Rockefeller, stick to our foolproof guide and you’ll be rolling in the Robert Bordens in no time.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
robocall etymology 1998, robo + call. Alternative forms: robo call, robo-call
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (North America, pejorative) An automated telemarketing phone call that uses both an autodialer and a recorded message.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (North America, pejorative) To make robocalls.
robohead etymology From Robitussin and -head.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A recreational user of the antitussive drug dextromethorphan.
related terms:
  • robotrip
robotrip etymology From Robitussin and trip.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To take the antitussive drug dextromethorphan recreationally.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A trip (drug experience) of this kind.
Robsten {{wikipedia}} etymology {{blend}}.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang) The couple consisting of celebrities and .
    • 2010, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Scott Walus, & Melissa A. Click, "Twilight and the Production of the 21st Century Teen Idol", in Bitten by Twilight: Youth Culture, Media, & the Vampire Franchise (eds. Melissa A. Click, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, & Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz), Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. (2010), ISBN 9781433108938, page 233: Certainly, though, the messages about Robsten that the fans receive are mixed. Pattinson and Stewart regularly deny the relationship in the mainstream press {{…}}
    • 2010, Patrick Huguenin, "Newsstand Junkie: Love hurts for Kourtney, Kim and Khloe Kardashian", New York Daily News, 5 March 2010: Based on Robert Pattinson and Kristen Stewart's recent trip to London, Star blares that the couple is "going public." They support this idea with a slew of quotes from Rob's aunt, Diana Nutley, who gushes that "it's a true love match," wishes Robsten "all the happiness in the world," and sagely points out that "when a young couple love each other, they can't hide their feelings forever."
    • 2012, "KStew and RPatz secretly meeting post-scandal", New York Post, 19 September 2012: Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson are fueling rumors of a possible Robsten reconciliation since news broke of her affair with director Rupert Sanders.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
rock {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (AusE) [ɹʷɔk]
  • (RP) /ɹɒk/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹɑk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rocke, rokke, from Old English *rocc, as in Old English stānrocc, and also later from xno, onf roc, roce, roque (compare Modern French roc, roche, rocher), from Malayalam rocca (attested 767), from vl *rocca, of uncertain origin, sometimes said to be of Celtic (Gaulish) origin (compare Breton roc'h).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The naturally occurring aggregate of solid mineral matter that constitutes a significant part of the earth's crust.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThe face of the cliff is solid rock.
  2. A mass of stone projecting out of the ground or water. exampleThe ship crashed on the rocks.
  3. (UK) A boulder or large stone; or (US, Canada) a smaller stone; a pebble. exampleSome fool has thrown a rock through my window.
  4. A large hill or island having no vegetation.
    • Pearl, Wikipedia The location is particularly well known for its Pearl Mountain or "Pearl Rock". This huge granite rock is formed by three rounded outcrops that make up Pearl Mountain and has been compared in majesty to Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) in Australia."
    examplePearl Rock near Cape Cod is so named because the morning sun makes it gleam like a pearl.
  5. (figuratively) Something that is strong, stable, and dependable; a person who provides security or support to another.
    • 1611, King James Version, , And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
    • 1991, Robert Harling and Andrew Bergman, Soapdish, Paramount Pictures, Celeste Talbert: She is my rock, my right hand.
  6. (geology) Any natural material with a distinctive composition of minerals.
  7. (slang) A precious stone or gem, especially a diamond. exampleLook at the size of that rock on her finger!
  8. A lump or cube of ice. exampleI'll have a whisky on the rocks, please.
  9. (British, uncountable) A type of confectionery made from sugar in the shape of a stick, traditionally having some text running through its length. exampleWhile we're in Brighton, let's get a stick of rock!
  10. (US, slang) A crystallize lump of crack cocaine.
  11. (US, slang) An unintelligent person, especially one who repeats mistakes.
  12. (South Africa, slang, derogatory) An Afrikaner.
  13. (US poker slang) An extremely conservative player who is willing to play only the very strong hands.
  14. (basketball, informal) A basketball ball.
  15. A fish, the striped bass.
  16. A fish, the huss or rock salmon. We ordered rock and chips to take away.
Synonyms: (natural mineral aggregate) stone, (projecting mass of rock) cliff, (boulder or large stone) boulder, pebble, stone, (something strong, stable, and dependable) foundation, support, (precious stone or gem) gem, diamond, (lump of ice) ice, ice cube, (crystallized lump of crack cocaine) crack, (Afrikaner) Afrikaner
etymology 2 From Middle English rokken, from Old English roccian, from Proto-Germanic *rukkōną (compare obsolete Dutch (Holland) rokken, Middle High German rocken ‘to drag, jerk’, Icelandic rukka ‘to yank’), from *rugnōną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ruk-néh₂ 〈*h₃ruk-néh₂〉-, from *h₃runk 〈*h₃runk〉- (compare Latin runcāre, Latvian rũķēt).
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive and intransitive) To move gently back and forth.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 12 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “To Edward […] he was terrible, nerve-inflaming, poisonously asphyxiating. He sat rocking himself in the late Mr. Churchill's swing chair, smoking and twaddling.”
    exampleRock the baby to sleep. exampleThe empty swing rocked back and forth in the wind.
  2. (transitive) To cause to shake or sway violently.
    • John Dryden A rising earthquake rocked the ground.
    exampleDon't rock the boat.
  3. (intransitive) To sway or tilt violently back and forth. exampleThe boat rocked at anchor.
  4. (transitive and intransitive, of ore etc.) To be wash and pan in a cradle or in a rocker. exampleThe ores had been rocked and laid out for inspection.
  5. (transitive) To disturb the emotional equilibrium of; to distress; to greatly impact (most often positively). exampleDowning Street has been rocked by yet another sex scandal. exampleShe rocked my world.
  6. (intransitive) To do well or to be operating at high efficiency.
    • {{quote-news}}
  7. (euphemistic) to make love to or have sex with someone. , "": I just wanna rock you, all night long. , "": Rock me gently, rock me slowly, take it easy, don't you know, 'cause I have never been loved like this before.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An act of rocking; a rocking motion; a sway {{rfdef}}
etymology 3 Shortened from rock and roll. Since the meaning of has adapted to mean a simpler, more modern, metal-like genre, has generally been left referring to earlier forms such as that of the 1950s, notably more swing-oriented style.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A style of music characterized by basic drum-beat, generally 4/4 riff, based on (usually electric) guitar, bass guitar, drums{{,}} and vocals.
Synonyms: (style of music)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To play, perform, or enjoy rock music, especially with a lot of skill or energy. Let’s rock!
  2. (intransitive, slang) To be very favourable or skilful; to excel. Chocolate rocks.
  3. (transitive) to thrill or excite, especially with rock music Let's rock this joint!
  4. (transitive) to do something with excitement yet skillfully I need to rock a piss.
  5. (transitive) To wear (a piece of clothing, outfit etc.) successfully or with style; to carry off (a particular look, style).
    • 2011, Tim Jonze, The Guardian, 29 Apr 2011: Take today, where she's rocking that well-known fashion combo – a Tory Burch outfit offset with a whacking great bruise attained by smacking her head on a plane's overhead lockers.
    • {{quote-news }}
Synonyms: (be very favourable or skilful) rule
  • (be very favourable or skilful) suck
related terms:
  • rock and roll
etymology 4 From Middle English rok, rocke , rokke, perhaps from Middle Dutch rocke (whence Dutch rok), gml rocken, or Old Norse rokkr (whence Icelandic / Faroese rokkur, Danish rok, Swedish spinnrock). Cognate with Old High German rocko.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) distaff
    • Spenser Sad Clotho held the rocke, the whiles the thread / By grisly Lachesis was spun with pain, / That cruel Atropos eftsoon undid.
  2. (uncountable) The flax or wool on a distaff.
Synonyms: (distaff) distaff, (flax or wool)
etymology 5
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. archaic form of roc (mythical bird)
  • cork, Cork
rock along
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To progress in a smooth fashion. The renovations for our house are rocking along nicely.
Synonyms: come along
rock and roll Alternative forms: rock-and-roll, rock 'n' roll, rock-n-roll, rock-'n'-roll, rock & roll etymology From rock move back and forth + and + roll; originally a verb phrase common among African Americans, meaning "to have sexual intercourse"; it was a euphemism with a hidden meaning that appeared in song titles and dance styles since the early 1930’s. As a name for a specific style of popular music from the early 1950s, coined by disc jockey Alan Freed. pronunciation
  • /ˈɹɒkændˈɹəʊl/, /ˈɹɒkənˈɹəʊl/; see usage note
  • When pronounced, the word "and" in this phrase, as in many others, is frequently reduced to a mere /ən/ or /n/ (i.e. pronounced "rok-an-roll" or "raw-kn-roll). When this occurs, it is often reflected in contracted spellings like rock 'n' roll (see alternative forms above).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A genre of popular music that evolved in the 1950s from a combination of rhythm and blues and country music, characterized by electric guitars, strong rhythms, and youth-oriented lyric.
  2. A style of vigorous dancing associated with this genre of music.
  3. An intangible feeling, philosophy, belief or allegiance relating to rock music (generally from the 1970s–1980s), and heavy metal bearing certain elements of this music, pertaining to unbridled enthusiasm, cynical regard for certain Christian and authoritarian bodies, and attitudes befitting some degree of youthful debauchery. This meaning is sometimes used as an exclamation, in describing traits of certain people, and so on.
  4. (Cockney rhyming slang) dole.
  5. (Military slang, US) The full automatic fire capability selection on a selective fire weapon.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To play rock and roll music.
  2. (slang, euphemistic) To have sex.
  3. To start, commence, begin, get moving. Does everyone know what car they're going in? Then let's rock and roll!
  • The use of this phrase as a euphemism for sexual intercourse predates the "style of music" sense above. It was originally prevalent among African Americans.
Synonyms: See also .
rockathon etymology rock + athon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A prolonged session of playing or listening to rock music.
röck döts {{was wotd}} etymology The words rock dots with the unnecessary umlaut placed above them.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (informal, humorous) Heavy metal umlaut(s).
    • 2005, Michael Dwyer, "The full Mötley", The Age, 2 Dec 2005: In the world of heavy metal, the umlaut - otherwise known as röck döts - is the ultimate illustration of Spinal Tap's dictum that there's a fine line between clever and stupid.
    • 2006, ‘Björn Türoque’, To Air Is Human: One Man's Quest to Become the World's Greatest Air Guitarist, Riverhead Books 2006, unnumbered page: I imagine I'd be seeing a lot of metal tonight, so why not go for an obscure eighties punk song? Plus, Hüsker Dü = dual röck döts!
    • {{seemoreCites}}
rocker etymology From the verb to rock + -er pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A curved piece of wood attached to the bottom of a rocking chair or cradle that enables it to rock back and forth.
  2. Hence, a rocking chair
  3. (surfing) The lengthwise curvature of a surfboard. (More rocker is a more curved board.) All modern surfboards share a similar rocker design — Bruce Jones
  4. Someone passionate about rock music.
  5. A musician who plays rock music.
  6. (informal) A rock music song.
    • Pitchfork Media "Girls & Boys" is … also a tart, sneering rocker, full of ingenious musical gestures …
  7. One who rock something.
    • Fuller It was I, sir, said the rocker, who had the honour, some thirty years since, to attend on your highness in your infancy.
  8. (UK) A member of a British subculture of the 1960s, opposed to the mod, who dressed in black leather and were interested in 1950s music.
  9. Any implement or machine working with a rocking motion, such as a trough mounted on rockers for separating gold dust from gravel, etc., by agitation in water.
  10. A rocking horse.
  11. A skate with a curved blade, somewhat resembling in shape the rocker of a cradle.
  12. (engineering) A rock shaft.
  • corker, recork
rocket {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈɹɑkɪt/
  • (RP) /ˈɹɒkɪt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Italian rocchetta, from Old Italian rochetto, diminutive of rocca, from lng *rocco, *rocko, from Proto-Germanic *rukkô. Cognate with Old High German rocco, rocko, roccho, rocho &quot;a distaff&quot;; &gt; German Rocken, Swedish rock, Icelandic rokkur, Middle English rocke. More at rock.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A rocket engine.
  2. (military) A non-guide missile propelled by a rocket engine.
  3. A vehicle propelled by a rocket engine.
  4. A rocket propelled firework, a skyrocket
  5. (slang) An ace (the playing card).
  6. (military slang) An angry communication (such as a letter or telegram) to a subordinate.
    • 1980, David Schoenbrun, Soldiers of the Night: The Story of , Dutton, ISBN 9780525206637, page 203, While [Colonel Robert] Solborg and [Jacques] Lemaigre[-Dubreuil] were dreaming of revolts, had learned of Solborg’s insubordination and meddling. He sent him a “rocket” ordering him out of North Africa and back to Lisbon at once. Solborg flew to Lisbon and then on to Washington to face out his problem with Donovan.
  7. A blunt lance head used in joust.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To accelerate swiftly and powerfully
  2. To fly vertically
  3. To rise or soar rapidly
  4. To carry something in a rocket
  5. To attack something with rockets
etymology 2 French roquette, Italian ruchetta, diminutive of ruca, Latin eruca. Cognate to arugula. {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The leaf vegetable Eruca sativa or Eruca vesicaria.
  2. rocket larkspur
Synonyms: (US) arugula, rocket salad
rocket launcher
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a hand-held tube-like device for launching a rocket propelled explosive device (missile)
  2. a truck for carrying and launching a missile
  3. (informal) a rack on a boat or a vehicle, for holding or storing fishing rods.
rocketman {{wikipedia}} etymology rocket + man Alternative forms: rocket-man, rocket man
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. rocketeer
  2. (slang) astronaut / spaceman
rockfest etymology rock + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A rock music festival.
    • 1971, Stephen Spender, Congress for Cultural Freedom, Irving Kristol, Encounter: Volume 36 …special permission for them to use Meridian Hill Park for a rockfest and rally, where they were entertained by The Lumpen — the Panther rock band.
    • 1997, SPIN (volume 13, number 6, September 1997, page 67) Still, rockfests persist as a decent way to raise a buck, if you're not incompetent or scheisty, and Yauch's nonprofit group, the Milarepa Fund, is neither.
Rockhampton {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A village in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom.
etymology 2 From rock + Hampton, referring to a bar of rocks that prevented further travel upriver. European settlement dates from 1855.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A regional city of Queensland, Australia.
Synonyms: (Queensland city) Rocky (informal)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. form of colloquial form
rocking pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) excellent; great
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of rock
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The motion of something that rocks.
    • 1823, John Wesley, ‎Charles Bonnet, ‎Louis Dutens, A survey of the wisdom of God in the creation (page 181) Every part of a tree will not do for this purpose, as some branches may not be sufficiently forked; others may not be sufficiently strong; and others may be too much exposed to the rockings of the wind.
  • corking
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (nonstandard, informal) Most rocking.
    • 1998 May, magazine. Page 2 Blast off for the rockingest rock in the galaxy, where it's always lunchtime and you rule!
  • restocking
rocking horse shit Alternative forms: rocking-horse shit etymology From the expression "rare as rocking horse shit", based on the observation that rocking horses do not produce faeces.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, vulgar, slang) A metaphor for something exceedingly rare or, more likely, nonexistent.
Synonyms: hen's teeth
rockism {{wikipedia}} etymology rock + ism; see rock music.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A kind of music snobbery that views rock music as normative and values music with "authentic" production values over modern "manufacture" and electronic forms.
    • 2005, J. T. LeRoy, Paul Bresnick, Da Capo best music writing 2005 (page 133) You literally can't fight rockism, because the language of righteous struggle is the language of rockism itself.
    • 2008, Philip Auslander, Liveness: performance in a mediatized culture (page 126) Broadly speaking, rockism is the belief that rock is the most important form of popular music…
related terms:
  • rockist
rockist etymology rock + ist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) One who subscribes to rockism.
    • 1987, New Society (volume 82) The basic thesis of the book is that generations of British rockists attended art school and that this explains the distinction and domination of Britpop.
    • 1995, Donald Clarke, The rise and fall of popular music: part 2 Rockists would maintain that their music has progressed since 1956, but there is so little musical difference between rock and pop that many of the artists would be impossible to place in one camp or the other.
rock jock
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A disc jockey who plays rock music.
  2. (slang) A rock climber.
rockness etymology rock + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The essence of what it means to be a rock; the qualities that make a rock what it is.
    • 2009, Robert C. Atchley, Spirituality and Aging, Johns Hopkins University Press (2009), ISBN 9780801891199, page 26: We do not have to become a rock to study rocks, but we do have to understand the nature of “rockness.”
    • 2011, Max Lucado, The Lucado Inspirational Reader: Hope and Encouragement for Your Everyday Life, Thomas Nelson (2011), ISBN 9780849948305, page 190: You can't impact the treeness of a tree, the skyness of the sky, or the rockness of a rock.
    • 2011, C. Alexander Simpkins & Annellen M. Simpkins, Zen Meditation in Psychotherapy: Techniques for Clinical Practice, John Wiley & Sons (2011), ISBN 9781118159330, page 99: He asked, how can you truly know the rockness of a rock by categorizing it? Simply dividing it into smaller pieces, weighing it, and looking at its properties may tell you a great deal about what it is like, but what it is, its essence, its rockness, escapes such analysis {{…}}
  2. (slang) The quality of music being rock music, or generally "rocking" (being excitingly good).
rock out with one's cock out
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) To enjoy oneself immensely, to party We are going to rock out with our cocks out in Vegas fellas!
related terms:
  • rock out
rocks pronunciation
  • /rɒks/
  • {{enPR}} (RP) [ɹʷɒks] (Midwestern US) [ɹʷɒks] (Australian) [ɹʷɔks]
  • {{audio}}
  • Rhymes: -ɒks
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of rock
  2. (slang) Money.
  3. (vulgar, slang) Testicles.
  4. (slang) Crack cocaine.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of rock She rocks the cradle. The cradle gently rocks. Baseball rocks!
  • corks
rock snot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Colloquial name for the algae-like organism, Didymosphenia geminata.
rock someone's socks etymology Probably chosen for the rhyme. See rock.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To appeal to somebody very much.
    • 2010, Jerrel Dulay, Diary of an Undead Teenager Freaking incredible. Unbelievably awesome! I hardly slept at all. I had to listen to all the tracks at least twice before I could get to sleep. I've been waiting forever for this album and it rocks my socks so hard!
rockspider etymology rock + spider
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, slang, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) A white Afrikaner.
    • 1990, Rian Malan, My Traitor's Heart: Blood and Bad Dreams (page 54) …the tyranny of the rockspiders, crunchies, hairybacks, ropes, and bloody Dutchmen. Those were the names by which we referred to Afrikaners.
rock spider
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (West Australian, slang, prison slang) A pedophile or child molester.
  2. (South Africa) A Boer or Afrikaner.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A male given name, pet form of Rocco.
    • 1995, , From Potter′s Field, Berkeley Books 2005, ISBN 0425204693, page 82: ‘I didn′t know your son′s name was Rocky,’ I quietly said as we started walking again. ‘It's really Richard. When he was a kid we called him Ricky, which somehow turned into Rocky. Some people call him Rocco. He gets called a lot of things.’
  2. Rocky Balboa, a fictional boxer played by in a series of films.
  3. .
  4. (informal, Australia) The regional city of , Queensland.
    • 2005, Tim Uden, Australia: The Backpackers Ultimate Guide, 3rd edition, page 178, Rocky is the major city on the central Queensland coast and likes to call itself the beef capital of Australia.
    • 2008, Alan Murphy, Justin Flynn, Olivia Pozzan, Paul Harding, Queensland & the Great Barrier Reef, Lonely Planet, page 234, Rocky has a smattering of attractions but is best seen as the gateway to the coastal gems of Yeppoon and Great Keppel Island.
    • 2009, Steele Fitchett, Being Real, page 15, “I wonder when I′ll be asked to leave?” Kevin thought. “This is very different to how things went last time in Rocky (Rockhampton). It all seems very relaxed here. The staff seem to expect you to hang around. What for?”
  5. A town in Oklahoma.
  • corky
rod {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old English *rodd or *rodde (attested in dative plural roddum), of uncertain origin. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɒd/
  • (US) /ɹɑd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A straight, round stick, shaft, bar, cane, or staff. The circus strong man proved his strength by bending an iron rod, and then straightening it.
  2. (fishing) A long slender usually tapering pole used for angling; fishing rod. When I hooked a snake and not a fish, I got so scared I dropped my rod in the water.
  3. A stick, pole, or bundle of switches or twig (such as a birch), used for personal defense or to administer corporal punishment by whipping.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.8: So was I brought up: they tell mee, that in all my youth, I never felt rod {{transterm}} but twice, and that very lightly.
  4. An implement resembling and/or supplanting a rod (particularly a cane) that is used for corporal punishment, and metonymically called the rod, regardless of its actual shape and composition. The judge imposed on the thief a sentence of fifteen strokes with the rod.
  5. A stick used to measure distance, by using its established length or task-specific temporary marks along its length, or by dint of specific graduated marks. I notched a rod and used it to measure the length of rope to cut.
  6. {{senseid}}(archaic) A unit of length equal to 1 pole, a perch, ¼ chain, 5½ yard, 16½ feet, or exactly 5.0292 meter (these being all equivalent).
    • 1842, Edgar Allan Poe, ‘The Mystery of Marie Rogêt’: ‘And this thicket, so full of a natural art, was in the immediate vicinity, within a few rods, of the dwelling of Madame Deluc, whose boys were in the habit of closely examining the shrubberies about them in search of the bark of the sassafras.’
    • 1865, , Cape Cod In one of the villages I saw the next summer a cow tethered by a rope six rods long{{nb...}}.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Ch.I: A few rods farther led him past the old black Presbyterian church, with its square tower, embowered in a stately grove; past the Catholic church, with its many crosses, and a painted wooden figure of St. James in a recess beneath the gable; and past the old Jefferson House, once the leading hotel of the town, in front of which political meetings had been held, and political speeches made, and political hard cider drunk, in the days of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too."
  7. An implement held vertically and viewed through an optical surveying instrument such as a transit, used to measure distance in land surveying and construction layout; an engineer's rod, surveyor's rod, surveying rod, leveling rod, ranging rod. The modern (US) engineer's or surveyor's rod commonly is eight or ten feet long and often designed to extend higher. In former times a surveyor's rod often was a single wooden pole or composed of multiple sectioned and socketed pieces, and besides serving as a sighting target was used to measure distance on the ground horizontally, hence for convenience was of one rod or pole in length, that is, 5½ yard.
  8. (archaic) A unit of area equal to a square rod, 30¼ square yard or 1/160 acre. The house had a small yard of about six rods in size.
  9. A straight bar that unites moving parts of a machine, for holding parts together as a connecting rod or for transferring power as a drive-shaft. The engine threw a rod, and then went to pieces before our eyes, springs and coils shooting in all directions.
  10. (anatomy) Short for rod cell, a rod-shaped cell in the eye that is sensitive to light. The rods are more sensitive than the cones, but do not discern color.
  11. (biology) Any of a number of long, slender microorganism. He applied a gram positive stain, looking for rods indicative of Listeria.
  12. (chemistry) A stirring rod: a glass rod, typically about 6 inches to 1 foot long and 1/8 to 1/4 inch in diameter that can be used to stir liquids in flask or beaker.
  13. (slang) A pistol; a gun.
  14. (slang) A penis.
  15. (slang) A hot rod, an automobile or other passenger motor vehicle modified to run faster and often with exterior cosmetic alterations, especially one based originally on a pre-1940s model or (currently) denoting any older vehicle thus modified.
  16. (ufology) rod-shaped objects which appear in photographs and videos traveling at high speed, not seen by the person recording the event, often associated with extraterrestrial entities.
    • 2000, Jack Barranger, Paul Tice, Mysteries Explored: The Search for Human Origins, Ufos, and Religious Beginnings, Book Three, p.37: These cylindrical rods fly through the air at incredible speeds and can only be picked up by high-speed cameras.
    • 2009, Barry Conrad, An Unknown Encounter: A True Account of the San Pedro Haunting, Dorrance Publishing, pp.129–130: During one such broadcast in 1997, the esteemed radio host bellowed, “I got a fax earlier today from MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) in Arizona and they said what you think are rods are actually insects!”
    • 2010, Deena West Budd, The Weiser Field Guide to Cryptozoology: Werewolves, Dragons, Skyfish, Lizard Men, and Other Fascinating Creatures Real and Mysterious, Weiser Books, p.15: He tells of a home video showing a rod flying into the open mouth of a girl singing at a wedding.
  17. (mathematics) A Cuisenaire rods.
Synonyms: See also , See also , (objects in photographs and videos) skyfish
  • dor, D. Or.
  • dro
  • ord
  • RDO
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, vulgar, transitive) To penetrate sexual.
    • 1968, David Lynn, Bull nuts On impulse he moved around to the opposite side of the couple, in the direction which Grace's broad buttocks were pointed, for a full view of the big boned woman's back side. Now Grace wouldn't mind one iota if he rodded her from the rear.
rodbuster Alternative forms: rod buster etymology rod + buster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, construction) A concrete-reinforcing ironworker.
    • 1993, Archie Green, Wobblies, Pile Butts, and Other Heroes: Laborlore Explorations, page 4 Present-day construction "stiffs" relish explanation of such nicknames as pile butt, rod buster, rust eater, tin knocker, and wood butcher, as well as tales about what these "hands" do.
rodder etymology rod + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A hot rod enthusiast.
rodenty etymology rodent + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of rodent.
    • {{quote-news}}
Rodina etymology From romanization of the Russian родина, literally "motherland"
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang, fiction) the Soviet Union
This is used typically in spy thriller by Russian characters to refer to the USSR. Synonyms: Motherland
  • Dorian, draino, inroad, ordain, radion
ROFLMFAO pronunciation
  • /ˌɑɹˌoʊˌɛfˌɛlˌɛmˌɛfˌeɪˌoʊ/, /ˌɹɑːfl̩məˈfaʊ/
etymology From ROFL + LMFAO; compare ROFLMAO.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet, slang) Rolling on the floor laugh my fucking ass (or arse) off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laugh my goddamned motherfucking ass (or arse) off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laugh my motherfucking ass (or arse) off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laugh my motherfucking goddamned ass (or arse) off.
rog pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /rɒdʒ/
etymology 1 From Middle English roggen, ruggen, variation of Middle English rokken.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To shake.
etymology 2
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Intoxication through freebasing
  • GRO
  • org
roger pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈrɒdʒə/
  • (General American) {{enPR}}, /ˈrɑːdʒɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Roger, used circa 1940 in UK and US military communication to represent "R" when spelling out a word. "R" is the first letter in received, used to acknowledge understanding a message.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (radio telecommunications) Received (used in radio communications to acknowledge that a message has been received and understood) Roger, sir.
Synonyms: roger that
etymology 2 Possibly from Old German Hrotger via sth roger.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, coarse slang) Of a man, to have sexual intercourse with (someone), especially in a rough manner.
  2. (intransitive, coarse slang) To have sexual intercourse.
Synonyms: See also
  • reorg
rogering etymology From roger + -ing.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (coarse slang) An act of sexual intercourse, especially one that is rough. When I get you home I'm going to give you a good rogering.
rogueship etymology rogue + ship
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) The quality or state of being a rogue. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
roid Alternative forms: 'roid etymology A contraction of steroid.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (bodybuilding, slang) Anabolic steroids.
  2. (sports, slang) Illegal and/or banned performance-enhancing steroid used by athlete and others.
  3. (vulgar, slang) Hemorrhoids.
roister-doister etymology After Ralph Roister Doister, a 16th-century comic play by Nicholas Udall. See roister.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic, derogatory) A swagger buffoon; a foolish braggart.
    • Gabriel Harvey A very artificiall beginning, to moove attention or to procure good-liking in the reader, unlesse he wrote onely to roister-doisters, and hacksters, or at least to jesters, and vices.
roll etymology
  • The verb is from Middle English rollen, from Old French roler, from Malayalam rotulare, from Latin rotula, diminutive of rota.
  • The noun is from Middle English rolle, from Old French rolle, from Malayalam rotulus.
  • (UK) /ɹəʊl/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹoʊl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (ergative) To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface. exampleTo roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.
    • Shakespeare And her foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical stone, which rolls, and rolls, and rolls.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Chapter 13 The gentleman aimed the ball once or twice and then threw it up the strand towards Cissy Caffrey but it rolled down the slope and stopped right under Gerty's skirt near the little pool by the rock.
  2. (transitive) To wrap (something) round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over. exampleTo roll a sheet of paper; to roll clay or putty into a ball.
  3. (transitive) To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to enwrap; often with up. exampleTo roll up the map for shipping.
  4. (intransitive) To be wound or formed into a cylinder or ball. The cloth rolls unevenly; the snow rolls well.
  5. (ergative) To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling. exampleThis river will roll its waters to the ocean.
  6. (ergative) To utter copiously, especially with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; — often with forth, or out. exampleTo roll forth someone's praises; to roll out sentences.
  7. To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers. exampleto roll a field;&nbsp; to roll paste;&nbsp; to roll steel rails.
  8. (intransitive) To spread itself under a roller or rolling-pin. The pastry rolls well.
  9. (ergative) To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine. We passed on the way the van of the guests from Asquith.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  10. (chiefly, US, Canada, colloquial) To leave or begin a journey. exampleI want to get there early; let's roll.
  11. (chiefly, US, Canada, colloquial) To compete, especially with vigor. exampleOK guys, we're only down by two points. Let's roll!
  12. To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.
  13. (geometry) To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in such a manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
  14. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.
  15. (US, slang) To behave in a certain way; to adopt a general disposition toward a situation. exampleI was going to kick his ass, but he wasn't worth getting all worked up over; I don't roll like that.
    • 2006, Chris McKenna, "Kids at party chant as police sergeant is beaten by angry teens", Times Herald-Record (Middletown, NY), Tuesday, November 21, . "This is how we roll in Spring Valley," one teen reportedly boasted.
  16. (gaming, transitive, intransitive) To throw dice.
  17. (gaming, transitive) To roll dice such that they form a given pattern or total. exampleIf you roll doubles, you get an extra turn. exampleWith two dice, you're more likely to roll seven than ten.
  18. To have a rolling aspect. examplethe hills rolled on
  19. (gaming) To create a new character in a role-playing game. exampleI'm gonna go and roll a new shaman tonight.
  20. (computing) To generate a random number.
  21. To turn over and over. exampleThe child will roll on the floor.
  22. To tumble in gymnastics.
  23. (nautical, of a vessel) To rotate on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down. Compare with pitch.
  24. (transitive) To beat up.
    • Metropolis‎, page 422, Elizabeth Gaffney, 2006, “They rolled him for his money, and that would have been that, but the guy tried to fight back.”
  25. (transitive, slang) To cause to betray secrets or to testify for the prosecution. exampleThe feds rolled him by giving him a free pass for most of what he'd done.
  26. (intransitive, slang) To betray secrets. exampleHe rolled on those guys after being in jail two days.
  27. (informal) To act.
    • 2001 September 11, Todd Beamer: Let's roll!
  28. (slang) To be under the influence of MDMA (a psychedelic stimulant, also known as ecstasy).
    • 2000, Michael Sunstar, Underground Rave Dance, Writers Club Press, ISBN 9780595156115, page 15: Cindy replied, “Wow, that’s great. Did you try E at those parties?” Steel said, “Oh yeah. I was rolling hard at the Willy Wonka party.”
    • 2003, Karin Slaughter, A Faint Cold Fear (novel), HarperCollins, ISBN 978-0-688-17458-3, page 169: The crowd was rolling on Ecstasy, and the lights enhanced the experience. … He would use it to keep his teeth from chattering while he was rolling.
    • {{ante}} unidentified Internet user quoted in Joseph A. Kotarba, “Music as a Feature of the Online Discussion of Illegal Drugs”, in Edward Murguía et al. (editors), Real Drugs in a Virtual World: Drug Discourse and Community Online, Lexington Books (2007), ISBN 978-0-7391-1455-1 So the quesion is When you are rolling what gets you in that “ecstasy” state more: hard pounding energetic music or smoother and gentler music? Personally for me its gentler music because when I’m rolling my mind can’t really keep up with all the hard pounding intriquet sounds …
  29. (intransitive, of a camera) To film. exampleThe cameras are rolling.
  30. (transitive) {{rfdef}}
    • {{quote-news}}
  31. To perform a periodical revolution; to move onward as with a revolution. The years roll on.
  32. To move, like waves or billows, with alternate swell and depression.
    • Prior what different sorrows did within thee roll
  33. To make a loud or heavy rumbling noise. The thunder rolled and the lightning flashed.
  34. {{rfdef}}
    • 2014, Jacob Steinberg, "Wigan shock Manchester City in FA Cup again to reach semi-finals", The Guardian, 9 March 2014: Rolled far too easily by Marc-Antoine Fortuné, Demichelis compounded his error by standing on the striker's foot. In the absence of the injured Watson, Gómez converted the penalty.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled. the roll of a ball Look at the roll of the waves.
  2. That which rolls; a roller.
    1. A heavy cylinder used to break clods.
    2. One of a set of revolving cylinders, or rollers, between which metal is pressed, formed, or smoothed, as in a rolling mill. to pass rails through the rolls
    3. That which is rolled up. a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc.
    4. A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll.
      • Prior Busy angels spread / The lasting roll, recording what we say.
    5. Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list.
      • Sir M. Hale The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are extant.
      • Sir J. Davies The roll and list of that army doth remain.
    6. A quantity of cloth wound into a cylindrical form. a roll of carpeting; a roll of ribbon
    7. A cylindrical twist of tobacco.
  3. A kind of shortened raised biscuit or bread, often rolled or doubled upon itself.
  4. (nautical, aviation) The oscillating movement of a nautical vessel as it rotates from side to side, on its fore-and-aft axis, causing its sides to go up and down, as distinguished from the alternate rise and fall of bow and stern called pitching; or the equivalent in an aircraft.
  5. (nautical) The measure or extent to which a vessel rotates from side to side, on its fore-and-aft axis.
  6. A heavy, reverberatory sound. Hear the roll of cannon. Hear the roll of thunder.
  7. The uniform beating of a drum with strokes so rapid as scarcely to be distinguished by the ear.
  8. (obsolete) Part; office; duty; rôle. {{rfquotek}}
  9. A measure of parchments, containing five dozen.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 594: Parchement is sold by the dozen, and by the roll of five dozens.
  10. the rotation angle about the longitudinal axis Calculate the roll of that aircraft.
  11. The act of, or total resulting from, rolling one or more dice. Make your roll. Whoever gets the highest roll moves first.
  12. A winning streak of continuing luck, especially at gambling (and especially in the phrase on a roll). He is on a roll tonight.
  13. A training match for a fighting dog.
rollback etymology roll + back
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A return to a prior state.
  2. A withdrawal of military forces.
  3. (computing) An operation which returns a database, or group of record in a database, to a previous state (normally to the previous commit point).
  4. An event caused by a roller coaster failing to reach the top of a hill.
  5. (informal, mechanics’ jargon) a form of flatbed truck adapted or designed specifically as a or for transport other vehicle
Synonyms: (form of flatbed truck) slide truck
proper noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A Rolls-Royce car
    • 1991 -- Sally Wentworth: Taken on Trust (page 9) Only I thought private eyes were supposed to be discreet; you could hardly call yourself that when you drive a Roller.
  • reroll
roller {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology {{-er}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (heading) Anything that roll.
    1. Any rotating cylindrical device that is part of a machine, especially one used to apply or reduce pressure.
    2. A person who rolls something, as in "cigar roller".
    3. (cricket) A heavy roll device used to flatten the surface of the pitch.
    4. A cylindrical tool for apply paint or ink.
    5. An agricultural machine used for flatten land and break up lumps of earth.
    6. One of a set of small cylindrical tubes used to curl hair.
    7. A roller towel.
    8. A small wheel, as of a caster, a roller skate, etc.
    9. Any insect whose larva rolls up leaves.
    10. Any of the small ground snake of the family {{taxlink}}.
  2. A long wide bandage used in surgery.
  3. A large, wide, curl wave that falls back on itself as it breaks on a coast.
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} He and Gerald usually challenged the rollers in a sponson canoe when Gerald was there for the weekend ; or, when Lansing came down, the two took long swims seaward or cruised about in Gerald's dory, clad in their swimming-suits ; and Selwyn's youth became renewed in a manner almost ridiculous,{{nb...}}.
  4. (heading) A bird.
    1. A breed or variety of roller pigeon that rolls (i.e. tumbles or somersault) backwards (compare Penson roller, Birmingham roller, tumbler, tumbler pigeon, English Short Faced Tumbler, English Long Faced Tumbler).
    2. Any of various aggressive bird, of the family Coraciidae, having bright blue wing and hooked beak.
  5. (also written Roller) A car made by Rolls-Royce.
  6. The police (old blues slang).
  7. A padded surcingle that is used on horses for training and vaulting.
  8. (TV, film) A roll of titles or (especially) credits played over film or video; television or film credits.
    • 2006, Clive James, North Face of Soho, Picador 2007, p. 69: I learned a lot from watching, but the part that I should have studied harder was the roller. The names of the writers went on for ever.
  • reroll
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A cigarette rolled by hand.
rolling stone etymology From the proverb 'a rolling stone gathers no moss'.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic) A person who moves around a lot and never settles down.
    • 1965, - How does it feel To be on your own With no direction home Like a complete unknown Like a rolling stone?
  2. (slang) A womanizer.
related terms:
  • a rolling stone gathers no moss
  • The Rolling Stones
rolling the windows etymology From the circular motion of using the window lever mechanism on car side windows
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (freestyle skiing slang) windmill-like flailing of one's arm in a circular motion to maintain balance while in the air after a jump
  • rolling the windows up (CW)
  • rolling the windows down (CCW)
roll one's own etymology From cigarettes, which are available commercially rolled (i.e., with the paper around the substance being smoked) but which some prefer to roll.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (computing, informal) To create something of which an analogue is commercially available. My custom word processor? Yeah, I could have just installed Word or OpenOffice, but I always prefer to roll my own.
Rolls pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹəʊlz/
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Rolls-Royce automobile
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-book }}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. {{surname}}
Rolls-Royce {{wikipedia}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. any of several British companies that make motor car, aero engine, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, British, informal) anything that is the best of its type; the best quality product possible
roll the pill
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) To stimulate ones clitoris; to masturbate.
roll up Alternative forms: rollup, roll-up
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. An exclamation used to get people's attention to sell something. Roll up, roll up, pies for sale.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) Make into a cylinder by rolling The shopkeeper had to roll up the poster to make it easier to carry.
  2. (transitive) Make into a bundle
  3. (transitive) {{rfdef}} As it was hot, I rolled up the sleeves on my shirt.
  4. (intransitive) Arrive by vehicle, usually by car We thought Jim would be late for the wedding, but then we saw him roll up in front of the the church in his Mercedes.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) A self-made cigarette from tobacco and . (Sometimes spelt as roll-up.) I smoke roll ups rather than cigs, because they are cheaper.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Rolling; having the ability to roll, usually due to wheel attached on the bottom.
rolly polly etymology Perhaps alteration of roly-poly; or from roll + y + poll + y. pronunciation
  • /ˌɹoʊli ˈpoʊli/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A woodlouse.
    • 2002, , Wigu Tinkle Romy Tinkle: What is that thing, Quincy? Quincy Tinkle: Um… It’s a giant rolly polly.
  2. (childish) A forward roll or a backwards roll.
roly-poly pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial, often, childish or humorous) short and plump
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A short, plump person.
  2. (British) A steamed pudding made from suet pastry containing jam or fruit.
  3. In gymnastics, a forward or sideways roll, such as that down a hill.
  4. A pill bug, potato bug or sowbug.
  5. A toy that rights itself when pushed over.
Roman etymology From Old French Romain, from Latin Rōmānus. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈɹəʊm.ən/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɹoʊmən/
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or from Rome.
  2. Of or from the Roman Empire
  3. (of type or text) supporting or using a Western European character set.
  4. Of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church or the Holy See.
related terms:
  • Romaean
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A native or resident of Rome.
  2. (historical) A native or resident of the Roman Empire.
  3. (legal, colloquial) Used to distinguish a Roman numeral from an Arabic numeral in oral discourse. You will find the term defined at the end of Roman one.
  4. (uncountable) The Roman script.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name recently borrowed from continental Europe.
  • {{rank}}
  • manor
  • moran, Moran
  • morna
  • norma, Norma
romanette etymology From roman + -ette, a diminutive.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, legal, US) A Roman numeral in lower case, such as “ii”, as frequently introduces list items; or, a list item introduced by such. The court held that romanette (ii) of the statute in issue did not limit eligibility for legal relief.
    •, 1588520595, page 3.14, “… (romanette (ii) in the Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corporation waiver-of-liability provision included in footnote 1) … ”
    • {{quote-us-patent}}
    • 2000 January, Joseph Kimble, “A Modest Wish List for Legal Writing”, originally in TRIAL, reprinted in Michigan Bar Journal, Volume 79, Number 11 (November 2000), pages 1574–1577, In numbering, avoid roman numerals and romanettes (like iii). They are too much like a foreign language.
    • page 101,, 0226284182 , “You'll need to use this technique almost every time you see parenthesized romanettes (i, ii, iii) or letters (a, b, c) in the middle of a contractual or legislative paragraph.”
    • 2008, United States Supreme Court oral argument, United States v. Hayes, Case no. 07-608, page 9, MS. SAHARSKY: . . . not looking at this Romanette (i) and (ii), but just looking at that sentence. CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: Romanette? MS. SAHARSKY: Oh, little Roman numeral. CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: I've never heard that before. That's -- Romanette.
Roman hands and Russian fingers etymology Jocular modification of roaming hands and rushing fingers.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (humorous or euphemistic) A tendency towards unwanted sexual touch.
    • 2002, Lon Leatherland, A Town Called Woodbridge (page 51) "Let's just say he had Roman hands and Russian fingers," she said. "I made him take me back home."
    • 2005, Cleo Hicks Williams, Gratitude for Shoes: Growing Up Poor in the Smokies (page 366) I described them as foreigners — with Roman hands and Russian fingers. If that's all they wanted, they could just hit the dusty trail. I double-dated some, but decided I wasn't going out by myself with a boy again.
Romanism etymology Roman + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (religion, pejorative, archaic) The tenet of the Church of Rome; the Roman Catholic religion.
{{Webster 1913}}

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