The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A student of ancient Rome
  2. (informal) A Roman Catholic
  • Monastir
Roman shower etymology From the supposed vomitorium of the Romans; compare golden shower.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A sexual fetish in which one participant vomit on another.
    • 2001, "DarrinT68", Roman Shower: Chicks Who Blow Chunks (discussion on Internet newsgroup soc.sexuality.general)
    • 2002, Shawna Kenney, I Was a Teenage Dominatrix I remembered Miranda talking about a rare Roman shower fetish, where people liked you to throw up on them.
Synonyms: rainbow shower
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the motherfucking floor laughing my ass/arse off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the motherfucking floor laugh my motherfucking ass (or arse) off.
Romish etymology From Middle English *Romish, equivalent to Rome + ish. Compare Dutch Roomsch, Rooms, German Römisch.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Belonging or relating to Rome.
  2. (religion, pejorative, archaic) Of, like, pertaining to, or supporting Romanism or the Roman Catholic Church. "...the friars of the Romish church..."
  • morish
RomneyCare etymology {{blend}} or Medicare and likely influenced by the term ObamaCare. Although the 2006 Massachusetts Law signed by then-governor Mitt Romney predated the 2010 United States Federal Law signed by President Barack Obama, the term RomneyCare was not commonly used until after the term ObamaCare was in wide use. Alternative forms: Romneycare
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (US politics, neologism, chiefly, pejorative) Healthcare plans instituted by the state of Massachusetts under the governorship of , which provided for complete coverage of all citizens of the Commonwealth, and included an individual mandate to purchase health insurance for those able to pay.
romp pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To play about roughly, energetically or boisterously.
    • When the kids're allowed to romp in the bedroom, they break something.
  2. (transitive, US) (Often used with down) To press forcefully, to encourage vehemently, to oppress.
    • If I romp down on the gas, it'll do sixty in six seconds.
    • Coach Smith had to romp on 'em to get 'em out of a losing streak.
  3. To win easily.
    • England romped to an easy win over Australia.
    • 2014, , "Southampton hammer eight past hapless Sunderland in barmy encounter", The Guardian, 18 October 2014: Ronald Koeman collected that prize in the run-up to this game, and then watched his team romp to their biggest victory for nearly a century, inflicting a defeat that Sunderland will struggle to forget.
  4. (slang) To engage in playful or boisterous sex.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A period of boisterous play, a frolic.
  2. (slang) A bout of playful or boisterous sex.
    • Sex romp at Windsor castle (headline in )
  3. (archaic) A girl who indulges in boisterous play; a tomboy.
related terms:
  • rumpus
  • prom, PROM
rompler etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music, informal) An electronic musical instrument that generates sounds by replay sample stored in ROM, unable to synthesize sounds or to record new samples.
Ronbot etymology A portmanteau of the name of Scientology founder 's first name Ron with the word robot.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative slang) A follower of Scientology with a strict or robotic adherence to its teachings.
rond-de-cuir etymology From French rond-de-cuir. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹɒ̃ də ˈkwɪə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A French bureaucrat or functionary; an office worker.
    • {{quote-news}} In 1893, Georges Courteline immortalised France's petty bureaucrats in a satirical novel called Messieurs les Ronds-de-Cuir, after the leather cushions that civil servants sat on. The "ronds-de-cuir" are still ridiculed and detested. Like Courteline's bureaucrats, the tormentors of the préfecture derive sadistic pleasure from sending people away for ever more documents.
  2. (colloquial, pejorative) A pen-pusher.
ronin {{wikipedia}} etymology Japanese 浪人 〈làng rén〉, from ltc (lang "wave", by extension "adrift") + (nyin "person").
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A masterless samurai.
  2. (colloquial, Japan) A student who has failed the entrance examination for the high school or university of their choice and spends the next year studying to retake the exam.
ronson etymology from , manufacturer of lighters in reference to their 1940's jingle "Lights first every time"
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, military, slang, obsolete) tank - due to the proclivity of Shermans to burst into flames from a single hit
Synonyms: Tommy cooker, tommy cooker
roo bar Alternative forms: roo-bar, 'roo bar
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) A metal bar or framework of metal bars on the front of a vehicle to protect it during collision with kangaroo or cattle.
    • 2003, Nicholas Rothwell, Aboriginal Portraits, Peter Craven (editor), The Best Australian Essays 2003, [http//|%22roo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=CjHurFazH3&sig=QQKayCyMCW3_g1IKn_R5TOzditw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=61kRUJbjAfGviQfLjoHQCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22roo%20bar%22|%22roo%20bars%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 93], Mr Giles has even, rather whimsically, helped design his preferred vehicle: roo bar for those late-night mercy dashes, roof rack for swags, red hand-print (‘my hand’) instead of red cross on the side.
    • 2006, Terri Morrison, Wayne A. Conaway, Kiss, Bow, Or Shake Hands: The Bestselling Guide to Doing Business in More Than 60 Countries, 2nd edition, [http//|%22roo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=R39hfIgNu4&sig=P0pcNEWRUYLKmLY7_3xDiAfsrzA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=61kRUJbjAfGviQfLjoHQCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22roo%20bar%22|%22roo%20bars%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 21], lf you drive in the outback, be sure to bring plenty of water, your cell phone, and other safety supplies (have a roo-bar on the front of the car).
    • 2010, Nikki Logan, The Soldier′s Untamed Heart, [http//|%22roo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=fb92rLWg4B&sig=ChbaZqZXuJysqgzrHkPjDy6SEKs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=61kRUJbjAfGviQfLjoHQCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22roo%20bar%22|%22roo%20bars%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], Her arm looped around the roo bar and she pulled herself into a more upright position, ignoring the sharp stab in her leg.
    • 2010, Ralph Alcock, Hidden Identity, [http//|%22roo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=YZfJP_FM09&sig=d4bOEXkwjD2ne7rpuSSOdSAPOp8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=61kRUJbjAfGviQfLjoHQCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22roo%20bar%22|%22roo%20bars%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 32], “Keeps those bloody roos from wrecking the bus,” he explained. Leather water bags, wet and shiny, dangled from the roo bars like a series of sad, drooping eyes.
Synonyms: (protective bar on a vehicle) bull bar, kangaroo bar, cowcatcher (trains)
roofie {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: rufie, rophy etymology From some pronunciations of Rohypnol, a brand name of flunitrazepam
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, often, plurale tantum) The date rape drug flunitrazepam.
Synonyms: (slang for flunitrazepam) rope, roaches
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, transitive) To put roofies in, to spike with roofies. Someone roofied her drink, but she found out and poured it out.
  2. (slang, transitive) To cause someone to (usually unknowingly) ingest roofies. Someone roofied her and she remembers nothing from that night.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) plural of roofie
rooinek etymology From Afrikaans rooinek, from rooi + nek. Probably a reference to the fact that Englishmen, being new to Africa, wore inadequate headgear (such as solar topee (pith helmets) or no hat at all) and thus sunburn more easily than Afrikaners. Other theories have it being a reference to the then red collars of British military uniforms, or to the red markings that British farmers put on their imported merino sheep.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, derogatory, ethnic slur) An Englishman.
    • 1900, , , 2011, page 470, Again and again the surprise was effected, not by the nation of hunters, but by those rooineks whose want of cunning and of veld-craft had for so long been a subject of derision and merriment.
    • 1904, Sabine Baring-Gould, , So soon as the new Heerendorp was ready for occupation, Jacob took a large knife and cut seventeen notches in the doorpost. “What is that for, Jacob?” asked his wife. “They are reminders of the Britishers I have shot.” “Well,” said she, “if I hadn't killed more Rooineks than that, I'd be ashamed of myself.”
    • 1906, , Ithuriel's Spear, 2008, page 240, 'My father was at Bronkhurst Spruit,' he continued. 'How they shot the rooineks down that day! Our men lay in the long grass, while the redcoats stood in line on the road, and they shot them like rabbits. The fools! Their guns were in the carts.'
rook {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɹʊk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Middle English rok, roke, from Old English hrōc, from Proto-Germanic *hrōkaz (compare Saterland Frisian Rouk, Dutch roek, obsolete German Ruch), from Proto-Indo-European *kVr-c 'crow, raven' (compare Middle Irish cerc 'hen', Old Prussian kerko 'loon, diver', dialectal Bulgarian крокон 〈krokon〉 'raven', Ancient Greek κόραξ 〈kórax〉 'falcon', Old Armenian ագռաւ 〈agṙaw〉, Avestan kahrkatat 'rooster' {{rfscript}}, Sanskrit कृकर 〈kr̥kara〉 'rooster'), Ukrainian крук 〈kruk〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
    • Pennant The rook … should be treated as the farmer's friend.
  2. A cheat or swindler; someone who betray. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (British) a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
  4. A trick-taking game, usually played with a specialized deck of cards.
Synonyms: (swindler) swindler, cheat
  • (bird) bird
  • (firecracker) firecracker
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To cheat or swindle.
    • 1974, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, p. 311: Some had spent a week in Jersey before coming to Guernsey; and, from what Paddy had heard, they really do know how to rook the visitors over there.
Synonyms: (cheat, swindle) cheat, con, do, dupe, have, swindle
etymology 2 From Old French roc, ultimately from Persian رخ 〈rkẖ〉. Compare roc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chess) A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
  2. (rare) A castle or other fortification.
Synonyms: (chesspiece) castle
etymology 3 From rookie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball, slang) A rookie.
etymology 4
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. mist; fog; roke
etymology 5
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To squat; to ruck. {{rfquotek}}
  • koro
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-superlative of rooky
  2. (informal) Most characteristic of a rookie. the rookiest of rookie mistakes
room pronunciation
  • (US) /ɹuːm/
  • (UK) /ɹʊm/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English roum, rom, rum, from Old English rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *rowə-. Cognate with Scots roum, Dutch ruim, Danish rum, Icelandic rúmur.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (dialectal or obsolete) Wide; spacious; roomy.
etymology 2 From Middle English rome, from Old English rūme. Cognate with Dutch ruim.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (dialectal or obsolete) Far; at a distance; wide in space or extent.
  2. (nautical) Off from the wind.
etymology 3 From Middle English roum, from Old English rūm, from Proto-Germanic *rūmą, from Proto-Indo-European *rowə-. Cognate with Low German Ruum, Dutch ruim, German Raum, Danish rum, Norwegian rom, Swedish rum, and also with Latin rūs through Indo-European. More at rural. Apparently an exception to the , which otherwise would have produced the pronunciation /ɹaʊm/, but /aʊ/ does not occur before noncoronal consonants in Modern English.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now rare) Opportunity or scope (to do something). {{defdate}}
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts of the Apostles I: Thou lorde whiche knowest the hertes of all men, shewe whether thou hast chosen of these two, that the one maye take the roume of this ministracion, and apostleshippe from the which Judas by transgression fell, that he myght goo to his awne place.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa: Nor shalt thou give me room to doubt whether it be necessity or love, that inspires this condescending impulse.
  2. (uncountable) Space for something, or to carry out an activity. {{defdate}} {{jump}}
    • 2010, Jonathan Franklin, The Guardian, 27 Aug 2010: He explains they have enough room to stand and lie down, points out the "little cup to brush our teeth", and the place where they pray.
  3. (archaic) A particular portion of space. {{defdate}}
    • {{rfdate}} Thomas Overbury (c.1581-1613) If he have but twelve pence in his purse, he will give it for the best room in a playhouse.
    • {{rfdate}} Bible, Gospel of Luke xiv. 8 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room.
  4. (uncountable, figuratively) Sufficient space for or to do something. {{defdate}}
    • {{rfdate}} Joseph Addison (1672-1719) There was no prince in the empire who had room for such an alliance.
    • 2010, Roger Bootle, The Telegraph, 12 Sep 2010: There are major disagreements within the Coalition and politicians always want to retain room for manoeuvre.
  5. (nautical) A space between the timbers of a ship's frame. {{defdate}}
  6. (countable) A separate part of a building, enclosed by walls, a floor and a ceiling. {{defdate}} {{jump}}
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice: Miss Bingley made no answer, and soon afterwards she got up and walked about the room.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 10 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.”
  7. (countable) With possessive pronoun: one's bedroom. exampleGo to your room!
  8. (in the plural) A set of rooms inhabited by someone; one's lodgings. {{defdate}}
  9. (always in the singular) The people in a room. {{defdate}} exampleThe room was on its feet.
  10. (mining) An area for working in a coal mine. {{defdate}} {{jump}}
  11. (caving) A portion of a cave that is wider than a passage. {{defdate}} {{jump}}
  12. (Internet, countable) A forum or chat room. {{defdate}} exampleSome users may not be able to access the AOL room.
  13. Place or position in society; office; rank; post, sometimes when vacated by its former occupant.
    • {{rfdate}} Bible, Gospel of Matthew ii. 22 When he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judea in the room of his father Herod.
    • {{rfdate}} William Tyndale (1494-1536) Neither that I look for a higher room in heaven.
    • {{rfdate}} William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Let Bianca take her sister's room.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: {{jump}} elbow room, legroom, space, {{jump}} chamber, quarters, {{jump}} chamber, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To reside, especially as a boarder or tenant. Doctor Watson roomed with Sherlock Holmes at Baker Street.
  • {{rank}}
  • moor, Moor
  • Moro
room for a pony etymology From the British television comedy series, (1990–1995), wherein social climber Hyacinth Bucket constantly and variously describes her sister Violet, who married well, as “the one with the … and room for a pony”.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, British, humorous) minimum trappings of the minor landed gentry
    • 1996, Gary W. Dowsett, Practicing Desire: Homosexual Sex in the Era of AIDS, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-2711-2, page 264: Eventually he fell in love, and by age twenty was living in a gay couple, complete with house, garden, swimming pool, and room for a pony.
    • 2002, E. T. Rishe, Timeless Acres, iUniverse, 978-0-595-25068-4, page 47: “… In the back yard, we have a screened terrace, a swimming pool, a swing set and room for a pony.” His grin was boyish as she, too, smiled at the oblique reference to the popular British comedy ‘Keeping up Appearances’.
    • 2006, Patricia Kennedy, The Irreverent Guide to Real Estate: Buying, Selling and Making Money, iUniverse, ISBN 978-0-595-39803-4, page 5: One craves the excitement of being right downtown, while the other wants an up-county farmette with a swimming pool and room for a pony.
roomie pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a roommate
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A person with whom one shares a room, as at university etc.
  2. (US, CA) A person with whom one shares an apartment or house (UK: flatmate or housemate).
Synonyms: (informal) roomie, (US) flatmate, housemate
room-temperature IQ Alternative forms: room temperature IQ, room temperature I.Q., room-temperature I.Q.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang, pejorative) A below-average IQ; by extension, a dull or unintelligent mind.
    • 1990, Jim Bashline, "An Honorable Profession", Field & Stream, June 1990: It's the proverbial two-way street; treat a guide like he has more than a room-temperature IQ, and he'll do likewise.
    • 2000, Maggie Price, On Dangerous Ground, Silhouette Books (2000), ISBN 9781459218116, unnumbered page: “The guy's got a room-temperature IQ. He dropped out of grade school. To him, DNA is probably just three letters.”
    • 2011, Gregg Loomis, The Coptic Secret, Dorchester Publishing (2011), ISBN 9781428511408, page 51: “Sara? I need you to call Home Depot, see if you can get someone on the phone with at least a room-temperature IQ . . .”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Technically, a room-temperature IQ would either be 20 or 68, depending on whether one relies on Celsius or Fahrenheit, both of which are considered well below the average IQ of 100 (see ).
root {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɹuːt/
  • (Midwestern US) /ɹʊt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}} (Northern US, Eastern US, Commonwealth, Canada)
etymology 1 From Middle English root, from late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót (Icelandic rót), from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds 〈*wréh₂ds〉; cognate with wort and radix.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The part of a plant, generally underground, that anchor and support the plant body, absorb and store water and nutrient, and in some plants is able to perform vegetative reproduction. This tree's roots can go as deep as twenty metres underground.
  2. A root vegetable.
    • {{RQ:Orwell Animal Farm}} … two fields which should have been sown with roots in the early summer were not sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough.
  3. The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place. Root damage is a common problem of overbrushing.
  4. The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place. The root is the only part of the hair that is alive.
  5. The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dye, perm, or otherwise treat. He dyed his hair black last month, so the grey roots can be seen.
  6. The primary source; origin. The love of money is the root of all evil.
    • John Locke They were the roots out of which sprang two distinct people.
  7. (arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raise to a specified power, yield the specified number or expression. The cube root of 27 is 3.
  8. (arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviate to “root”). Multiply by root 2.
  9. (analysis) A zero (of a function).
  10. (graph theory, computing) The single node of a tree that has no parent.
  11. (linguistic morphology) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots.
  12. (philology) A word from which another word or words are derive.
  13. (music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed. {{rfquotek}}
  14. The lowest place, position, or part.
    • Milton deep to the roots of hell
    • Southey the roots of the mountains
  15. (computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure.
  16. (computing) The person who manage accounts on a UNIX system.
  1. (computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories. {{rfex}}
Synonyms: (source) basis, origin, source, (zero of a function) zero, (word from which another is derived) etymon, (Unix or Unix-like computer operating system administrator and/or account) superuser (), root account, root user
  • (zero of a function) pole
  • (zero of a function) kernel
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (computing, slang, transitive) To break into a computer system and obtain root access. We rooted his box and planted a virus on it.
  2. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
    • Mortimer In deep grounds the weeds root deeper.
    • {{quote-news}}
  3. To be firmly fixed; to be established.
    • Bishop Fell If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to cause misapprehensions, he gave them not leave to root and fasten by concealment.
etymology 2 From Middle English wroten, from Old English wrōtan, from Proto-Germanic *wrōtaną, from Proto-Indo-European *red-. Cognate with rodent. Cognate with Dutch wroeten.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To turn up or dig with the snout. A pig roots the earth for truffles.
  2. (by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn.
  3. (intransitive) To rummage, to search as if by dig in soil. rooting about in a junk-filled drawer
  4. (transitive) To root out; to abolish.
    • Shakespeare I will go root away the noisome weeds.
    • Bible, Deuteronomy xxix. 28{{attention}} The Lord rooted them out of their land … and cast them into another land.
  5. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse.
  • The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The sexual sense will often be understood, unless care is taken with the context to make the rummage sense clear, or 'root through' or 'root around' is used. The past participle rooted is equivalent to fucked in the figurative sense of broken or tired, but rooting is only the direct verbal sense, not an all-purpose intensive like fucking.
Synonyms: (rummage) dig out, root out, rummage, (have sexual intercourse) screw, bang, drill (US), shag (British) - See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse. Fancy a root?
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) A sexual partner.
  • The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense of root is somewhat milder than fuck but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The normal usage is to have a root or similar.
Synonyms: (act of sexual intercourse) screw (UK), shag (UK); see also , (sexual partner) screw (US)
etymology 3 Possibly an alteration of rout, influenced by hoot
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, with for, US) To cheer to show support for. {{defdate}}
    • 1908, , Let me root, root, root for the home team,
  2. (transitive, US) To hope for the success of. Rendered as 'root for'. I'm rooting for you, don't let me down!
Synonyms: (cheer) barrack (Australia), cheer on
  • troo
rootable etymology root + able
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. That can be root.
  2. (AU, slang) sexually attractive
Synonyms: fuckable, screwable
rooted pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Fixed in one position; immobile; unable to move. She stayed rooted in place.
    • 2002, Peter Loizos, Chapter Two: Misconceiving refugees?, Renos K. Papadopoulos (editor), Therapeutic Care for Refugees: No Place Like Home, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=RKG63OvWg6&sig=I3mfwx1uksh2S10E_noVhPX84Yg&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bZcTUM7eIsWsiAfRxYHwAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 54], Those with fewest attachments or obligations may be most vulnerable to transitions from a more rooted life, before flight, to the new as-yet unrooted or uprooted life.
    • {{quote-news }}
  2. (figuratively) Ingrained, as through repeated use; entrenched; habitual or instinctive.
    • 1782 May, Isaac Kimber, Edward Kimber (editors), The Link-Boy, The London Magazine, or, Gentleman′s Monthly Intelligencer, Volume 51, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=M0ZkjodPGq&sig=nuntZ_EEldyllu7nOGUsfoImH8M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bZcTUM7eIsWsiAfRxYHwAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 205], He will immediately break in on their moſt rooted prejudices ; and with a kind of malignant ſatisfaction hack their darling notions with unſparing rigour and unbluſhing inſolence.
    • 1985, Anthony Hyman, Charles Babbage: Pioneer Of The Computer, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=HA3OHZKNMO&sig=J6JxO7glBv9L_ZtFuzJLvj_4w1A&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bZcTUM7eIsWsiAfRxYHwAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 32], The greater part of his property he has acquired himself during years of industry ; but with it he has acquired the most rooted habits of suspicion.
    • 2011, William P. Ryan, Working from the Heart: A Therapist′s Guide to Heart-Centered Psychotherapy, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=E6oA44nVp9&sig=sHw6UUIQbgJpSN5dNoPdI06Jfic&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bZcTUM7eIsWsiAfRxYHwAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 47], With other experiences added on top, the feeling state becomes more entrenched, more rooted.
  3. (figuratively, usually with "in") Having a basic or fundamental connection (to a thing); based, originating (from).
    • 1979, Edward Digby Baltzell, Puritan Boston and Quaker Philadelphia, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=4qSKXgNGbr&sig=xxeIH2sq6r8JU1wn0SANWz3pkic&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UZgSUKPPPITYigfC7oGICw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 280], Proper Philadelphians, especially before they became Episcopalians, and the unfashionable branches of their families to this day are surely more rooted in Westtown than St. Paul′s, the fashionable favorite.
    • 1997, William E. Reiser, To Hear God′s Word, Listen to the World: The Liberation of Spirituality, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=dYUJNy6IxD&sig=nDZrrjc66caDWcCwAuQZM8mbmlE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UZgSUKPPPITYigfC7oGICw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 12], For what is gradually taking hold, I think, is a way of drawing near to God that is far more rooted in history and far more rooted in the gospel than we have been accustomed to.
    • 2008, Michael Allen Gillespie, The Theological Origins of Modernity, [http//|most+rooted%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=2sM69FWxcr&sig=eVr5mbOW-xDaaZkdbTZO1wtP1Ec&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UZgSUKPPPITYigfC7oGICw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20rooted%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 93], This form of humanism posed a greater danger to the monks and clerics than Italian humanism because it was less extravagant, less pagan, and more rooted in an ideal of Christian charity that the church at least nominally shared.
  4. (mathematics, graph theory, of a tree or graph) Having a root.
  5. (slang) In trouble or in strife, screwed. I am absolutely rooted if Ferris finds out about this
  6. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Broken, damaged, non-functional. I'm going to have to call a mechanic, my car's rooted.
  7. (computing, uncomparable) Having a root (superuser) account that has been compromise. You are rooted. All your base are belong to us.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of root
rooter etymology {{-er}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who, or that which, root; one that tear up by the root.
  2. (US, slang) One who roots for, or applauds, something.
  • torero
rootsy etymology roots + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Unadorned; suggestive of earlier time. Their playing has a fresh but rootsy feel.
rope {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: roap, roape (all obsolete) pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /rəʊp/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /roʊp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English rope, rape, from Old English rāp, from Proto-Germanic *raipaz, *raipą, from Proto-Indo-European *roypnós, from *reyp-. Cognate with Scots rape, raip, Saterland Frisian Roop, West Frisian reap, Dutch roop, reep, Low German Reep, Swedish rep, Icelandic reipi, Albanian rrip.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Thick string, yarn, monofilaments, metal wires, or strand of other cordage that are twisted together to form a stronger line. {{jump}} Nylon rope is usually stronger than similar rope made of plant fibers.
  2. (countable) An individual length of such material. The swinging bridge is constructed of 40 logs and 30 ropes.
  3. A cohesive strand of something.
  4. (dated) A continuous stream.
    • [ A Treatise on the Screw Propeller: With Various Suggestions of Improvement], page 38 , “The principle of any such device should be to pull on the vessel by a rope of water passing in at the bow and out at the stern. ”
  5. (baseball) A hard line drive. He hit a rope past third and into the corner.
  6. (ceramics) A long thin segment of soft clay, either extrude or formed by hand.
  7. (computer science) A data structure resembling a string, using a concatenation tree in which each leaf represents a character.
  8. (Jainism) A unit of distance equivalent to the distance covered in six months by a god flying at ten million miles per second.{{jump}}
    • Nagendra Kr. Singh, Review of Metaphysical Teaching,, 8126106913, page 7522 , “The central strip of the loka, the Middle World, represents its smallest area, being only one rope wide and one hundred thousand leagues high, … ”
  9. (jewelry) A necklace of at least 1 meter in length.
  10. (nautical) Cordage of at least 1 inch in diameter, or a length of such cordage.
  11. (archaic) A unit of length equal to 20 feet.
  12. (slang) Flunitrazepam, also known as Rohypnol.
  13. (in the plural) The small intestine. the ropes of birds
Synonyms: {{jump}} twine, line, cord; see also , {{jump}} rajju, infinitude
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To tie (something) with something. The robber roped the victims.
  2. (transitive) To throw a rope around (something). The cowboy roped the calf.
  3. (intransitive) To be formed into rope; to draw out or extend into a filament or thread.
    • Shakespeare Let us not hang like roping icicles / Upon our houses' thatch.
Synonyms: (to tie something) tie, bind, secure, (throw a rope around) lasso
  • pore
  • repo
roper etymology rope + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Agent noun of rope; one who uses a rope, especially one who throws a lariat.
  2. (dated) A maker of rope. {{rfquotek}}
  3. One who ropes goods; a packer.
  4. (archaic, slang) One fit to be hang. {{rfquotek}}
  • repro
ropy Alternative forms: ropey etymology From Middle English ropy, from rope + -y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Resembling a rope.
  2. Capable of forming rope-like or thread-like structures.
  3. (British, colloquial) Of poor quality; in poor health.
    • 2012, The Economist, Sept. 8th, "Emigration: On The Road" Although Britain’s migration figures are ropey, other data point in the same direction.
  4. (of milk or another liquid) Slimy, as after the action of Enterobacter aerogenes in syrup.
related terms:
  • rope
  • pyro
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, slang) a small-scale confidence trickster
rosa etymology Believed to derive from the name of the Australian native bird rosella (genus Platycercus), a small parrot noted for its ability to vanish when the need arises. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, Australia) to hide, vanish, shadow Weren't we meant to have dinner with Jane? No, she unfortunately had to rosa.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, Australia) no-show, someone who does not show up as expected Every time we organise to have dinner, she never turns up. I know, she is such a rosa.
rosbif etymology French
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) An English person (as viewed by the French).
    • 1938, Neil Harmon Swanson, The forbidden ground (page 85) Polidor Graindart, sometime sergeant of the intendant's guard in the days when three golden lilies bloomed on the flagstaff above the De Troit blockhouse, never had forgiven the rosbifs for the conquest of New France.
    • 2009, Andy Roberts, Flying the Flag (page 233) France demonstrate the entente cordiale towards the rosbifs.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang): A handgun, particularly a revolver.
  • coorse
Rose etymology From a Norman name of Germanic origins, likely made up of hrod "fame" and heid "kind, sort, type". Introduced to England in the form Roese or Rohese. Later conflated with the vernacular word "rose", and associated with the flower names that first became popular in the end of the 19th century. Also a nickname for names beginning with Rose-/Rosa-.
  • The surname may be matronymic, but more probably topographic from residence by rose bushes or the sign of a rose, or a nickname from rosy complexion.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name.
    • {{RQ:Shakespeare Like}}: Act I, Scene II: Celia.- - - Therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear Rose, be merry. Rosalind. From henceforth I will, coz, and devise sports.
    • ~1886 , A Ballade of Ladies' Names, Gleeson White:Ballades and Rondeaus, Read Books 1887, page 19: Sentiment hallows the vowels of Delia; /Sweet simplicity breathes from Rose;
    • 1957 , Dandelion Wine, Avon Books 1999, ISBN 0380977265, page 248: An aunt had arrived and her name was Rose and you could hear her voice clarion clear above the others, and you could imagine her warm and huge as a hothouse rose, exactly like her name, filling any room she sat in.
    • 1980 , Innocent Blood, Faber and Faber, ISBN 0571115667, page 170: Rose Ducton. Rosie Ducton. Philippa Rose Palfrey. A row of books with Rose Ducton on the spine. - - - Rose. It didn't even suit her. It was a name in a catalogue: Peace, Scarlet Wonder, Albertine. She had thought that she had got used to the knowledge that nothing about her was real, not even her name.
  2. {{surname}}
related terms:
  • pet form: Rosie
  • variants: Rohesia, Rosa, Rosalind, Rosaline, Rosalyn, Rosamond, Rosamund, Rosanna, Roselyn, Rosemarie, Rosemary, Rosina, Roslyn
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Ireland, informal) A regional contestant in the annual contest.
  2. (Ireland, informal) The winner of that year's contest.
  • The contestants are usually referred to by the place they are representing, such as London Rose or Galway Rose. The winner is normally later referred to by the year she won the contest, such as "the 2009 Rose".
  • The word is sometimes written with a lower case "r".
  • More formally, the full term, Rose of Tralee is used.
  • eros, Eros, EROS
  • ores
  • orse
  • roes
  • sore
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The bud of a rose.
  2. (British) A pretty young woman or endearment term.
  3. (US, rare) A debutante.
  4. (rare) Any of assorted small seashell with a pink or partially pink color, usually of the family Muricidae.
  5. (Cockney) A mouth.
  6. (vulgar, slang) An anus.
  7. (slang) the indentation of a surface caused by an incorrect hammer strike (missing the nail)
Rose of Tralee {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Ireland, informal) An international festival of Irish culture held annually in County Kerry, formally known as the Rose of Tralee International Festival
  2. (Ireland) The winner of that year's contest.
  • For the event, there is not normally a plural, with the term festivals used to describe multiple events. For the contestants and the subsequent winner, the term Roses is usually used for the plural.
rosewater sailor etymology rosewater + sailor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete, nautical, slang) An officer who is incompetent, or not well-suited for the seas.
Rosie pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈrəʊziː/
  • (US) /ˈroʊziː/
  • {{homophones}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A diminutive of Rose, Rosemary and of other female names related to the rose. Also used as a formal given name.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) A female factory worker during World War II (after the 1942 song Rosie the Riveter).
    • 2011, Philip C. DiMare, Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia (volume 1, page 1087) … continued oppression and exploitation of women in the workplace 50 years after the Rosies entered wartime factories.
  • osier, sorie
rosy {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈɹoʊzi/
  • (RP) /ˈɹəʊzi/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From rose + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Rose-coloured.
    • {{RQ:Chrsty Atbgrfy}} If I close my eyes I can see Marie today as I saw her then. Round, rosy face, snub nose, dark hair piled up in a chignon.
  2. Resembling rose, as in scent of perfume.
  3. Optimistic.
etymology 2 From Cockney rhyming slang, "Rosie Lee". Alternative forms: Rosie (more common spelling, as per the etymology)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, British) tea I wish a cup of Rosy. I fancy a cup of rosy lee.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laugh my goddamned motherfucking ass (or arse) off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laughing my motherfucking ass/arse off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the floor laugh my motherfucking goddamned ass (or arse) off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the motherfucking floor laughing my ass/arse off.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (internet slang, vulgar) Rolling on the motherfucking floor laughing my motherfucking ass/arse off.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) Rotisserie League Baseball
    • 2004, Mark St. Amant, Committed: confession of a fantasy football junkie "But that's just not an exciting quote, so they put on that roto baseball guy saying disparaging things about fantasy football," Emil concedes, referring to a roto baseball expert that HBO interviewed for the piece…
    • 1997, "BGI bill", Looking for Rules and Regulations for roto baseball league (on newsgroup Looking to find someone who has a comprehensive list of rules and regulations for Roto baseball.
rotten egg gas Alternative forms: rotten-egg gas
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) hydrogen sulfide
Synonyms: swamp gas
rotter pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A worthless, despicable person.
  2. (British, slang) A scoundrel.
  3. (British, slang, journalism) A non-accredited journalist.
    • {{quote-news}}
  • retort
Rottie etymology Rottweiler + ie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Rottweiler dog.
rough {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (colloquial) ruff etymology From Old English rūh, from Proto-Germanic *rūhaz, cognate with West Frisian rûch, Low Saxon (Low German) ruuch, High German rau, (old spelling) rauh, Middle High German rûch, (variants) rûhe, rûh, rouch. pronunciation
  • /ɹʌf/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1 The rock was one of those tremendously solid brown, or rather black, rocks which emerge from the sand like something primitive. Rough with crinkled limpet shells and sparsely strewn with locks of dry seaweed, a small boy has to stretch his legs far apart, and indeed to feel rather heroic, before he gets to the top.
  2. Approximate; hasty or careless; not finished. a rough estimate; a rough sketch of a building
  3. Turbulent. The sea was rough.
  4. Difficult; trying. Being a teenager nowadays can be rough.
  5. Crude; unrefined His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
  6. Violent; not careful or subtle This box has been through some rough handling.
  7. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating. a rough tone; a rough voice {{rfquotek}}
  8. Not polished; uncut; said of a gem. a rough diamond
  9. Harsh-tasting. rough wine
  • smooth
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The unmowed part of a golf course.
  2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.
  3. (cricket) A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowler because of its unpredictable bounce.
  4. The raw material from which facet or cabochon gem are created.
  5. A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.
  6. (obsolete) Boisterous weather. {{rfquotek}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To create in an approximate form. Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
  2. (ice hockey) To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.
  3. To render rough; to roughen.
  4. To break in (a horse, etc.), especially for military purposes. {{rfquotek}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.
    • Sir Walter Scott Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in their boats.
roughscuff etymology rough + scuff
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) The lowest class of people; the rabble.
rough trade
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) Rough, aggressive male homosexual.
  2. violent or brutal sexuality
roundball etymology round + ball {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) The sport of basketball.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A basketball player.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) One who rounds up
roundeye etymology round + eye
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, ethnic slur) A Westerner (from the point of view of an Asian or other person with naturally narrower eyes).
    • 2011, Meredith H. Lair, Armed with Abundance (page 195) American women were roundeyes, and American allies were friendlies…
round file
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) the trash; the wastebasket My junk mail goes straight into the round file the moment it arrives.
  • fluridone
roundheels etymology round + heels?
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) A woman of lax morals.
    • 2001, Patricia Highsmith, Strangers on a Train : [...] “His wife was a roundheels anyway—” “Darling.” She took him by the braid-edged lapels. “Won’t you watch your language a little for the duration? I know Grannie’s horrified sometimes.” “Grannie wouldn’t know what a roundheels means,” Bruno said hoarsely.
    • 2003, Dan Simmons, Hard Freeze : But now she ignored the display, nodded attentively, and tried to sound smart but not too smart, agreeable but not a total pushover, and—when Emilio flirted—appropriately slutty but not a complete roundheels.
    • 2004, , Monstrous Regiment : “Ah, that’d be Roundheels Molly?” said Corporal Scallot, looking up and grinning. “She’s sent many a lad on his way rejoicing.”
round the twist
adjective: round the twist (comparative more round the twist, superlative most round the twist)
  1. (slang) Mad.
  2. (slang) Eccentric.
round tuit etymology A play on words, re-interpreting the idiom to get around to it as get a round tuit. First used at the 1964 World's Fair which was held in Queens (Flushing) NY.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) A circular object giving its owner the ability to get done everything that would have otherwise been put off to a later date "when they got around to it". No more waiting until you get around to it, buy your own round tuit at a bargain discount today!
round up
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To gather (cattle) together by riding around them.
  2. (transitive, idiomatic) To collect or gather (something) together. Round up the usual suspects.
  3. (transitive, arithmetic) To round (a number) to the smallest integer that is not less than it, or to some other greater value, especially a whole number of hundreds, thousands, etc. The total is $24,995 — let's round up to $25,000.
  • (arithmetic) round down
rouser pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something very exciting or great.
  2. One who rouse another from sleep.
  3. (colloquial, archaic) A stirrer in a copper for boiling wort.
  • sourer
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) to rout out of bed; to rouse
    • 1884: Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII "Why didn't you roust me out?" / "Well, I tried to, but I couldn't; I couldn't budge you." / "Well, all right. Don't stand there palavering all day, but out with you and see if there's a fish on the lines for breakfast. I'll be along in a minute."
  2. To harass, to treat in a rough way.
    • 1962, , 00:28:45 My client is an ex-convict. He's been constantly harassed by the police... subjected to extreme mental cruelty and public degradation. He's even been denied an adequate place to live! To be very blunt, gentlemen, my client has been thoroughly rousted.
  1. (transitive, slang) to arrest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A strong tide or current, especially in a narrow channel. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: roost, rost
  • routs
  • stour
  • torus
  • tours, Tours
roval etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, motorsport) an autoracing racecourse composed of a road course section and a portion of a banked oval track
row {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From Middle English rowe, rewe, rawe, from Old English rǣw, rāw, probably from Proto-Germanic *raiwō, *raigwō, from Proto-Indo-European *reyk-. Cognate with Middle Dutch rīe, Dutch rij, Old High German rīga, rihan, Middle High German rige, rīhe, German Reihe, gml rēge, rīge, Old Norse rega, Middle Dutch rīghe, Dutch rijg, rijge, German Riege. Alternative forms: rew (dialectal) pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ɹəʊ/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɹoʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A line of objects, often regularly spaced, such as seats in a theatre, vegetable plants in a garden etc.
    • Bible, 1 Books of Kings vii. 4 And there were windows in three rows.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) The bright seraphim in burning row.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 5 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.”
  2. A line of entries in a table, etc., going from left to right, as opposed to a column going from top to bottom.
Synonyms: (line of objects) line, sequence, series, succession, tier (of seats), (in a table) line
  • column
etymology 2 From Middle English rowen, from Old English rōwan, from Proto-Germanic *rōaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ere-, *h₁reh₁- 〈*h₁reh₁-〉. Compare West Frisian roeie, Dutch roeien, Danish ro. More at rudder.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (weightlifting) An exercise performed with a pull motion of the arms towards the back.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive or intransitive, nautical) To propel (a boat or other craft) over water using oar.
  2. (transitive) To transport in a boat propelled with oars. to row the captain ashore in his barge
  3. (intransitive) To be moved by oars. The boat rows easily.
etymology 3 Unclear; some suggest it is a {{back-form}}, verb. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /raʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A noisy argument.
  2. A continual loud noise. exampleWho's making that row?
Synonyms: (noisy argument) argument, disturbance, fight, fracas, quarrel, shouting match, slanging match, (continual loud noise) din, racket
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) to argue noisily
Synonyms: (argue noisily) argue, fight
  • wor
row Z
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (football, humorous) The back row or rows of the stand.
    • 2002, Jason Mellor, "Hartlepool hopes go west after late slip-up", The Guardian: Victoria Park's diminutive stands may preclude launching the ball into Row Z, but Row A would have sufficed as Hartlepool's otherwise dependable defender Chris Westwood looked to clear his lines.
    • 2010, Caroline Cheese, "Premier League as it happened", BBC Sport: 1446: Bobby Zamora smashes a volley into row Z, which is very much appreciated by the West Ham fans.
    • 2014, "Direct hit! Peru star hit by England fans' paper plane after INSANE row z throw", talkSPORT: Sturridge’s curling strike looked dull in comparison to this wonder throw, with the expertly folded flyer gliding from row z onto the pitch and straight into the Peruvian’s face, as the crowd at the Home of Football erupted.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang, informal) alternative spelling of rocks (in sense of excelling, being great)
  • xor, XOR
royal Alternative forms: roial (obsolete), roiall (obsolete), royall (obsolete) etymology Old French roial (Modern French royal), from Latin rēgālis, from , the stem of rēx. {{etymtwin}} regal. pronunciation
  • /ˈrɔɪəl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or relating to a monarch or their family.
    • {{RQ:Mrxl SqrsDghtr}} He tried to persuade Cicely to stay away from the ball-room for a fourth dance.…But she said she must go back, and when they joined the crowd again her partner was haled off with a frightened look to the royal circle, […].
  2. Having the air or demeanour of a monarch.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616) How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio?
  3. (nautical) In large sailing ships, of a mast right above the topgallant mast and its sails. royal mast;  royal sail
  4. (boxing, military) Free-for-all, especially involving multiple combatant.
  5. (informal) Used as an intensifier. a royal pain in the neck
Synonyms: (of a monarch) kingly (of a king), monarchical, princely (of a prince), queenly (of a queen), regal, (having a monarch's air) majestic, stately, regal, (informal intensifier) major
related terms:
  • real estate
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A royal person; a member of a royal family.
  2. (paper, printing) A standard size of printing paper, measuring 25 by 20 inch.
  3. (dated) The Australian decimal currency intended to replace the pound in 1966; was changed to "dollar" before it was actually circulated.
  4. The fourth tine of an antler's beam.
  5. (nautical) In large sailing ships, square sail over the topgallant sail.
  6. An old English gold coin, the rial.
  7. (military) A small mortar.
  8. (card games) In auction bridge, a royal spade.
  • aroyl
royal bumps
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) A ritual of two or more persons holding another person by the arms and legs, face up, while bumping them repeatedly on the floor. In modern times it is a lighthearted affair, generally performed only on a young person's birthday with the number of bumps corresponding to the person's age in years. Historically it was a hazing.
    • {{quote-book }}
royally etymology From royal + -ly.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In a royal manner; in a manner having to do with royalty. Unless it was decreed royally, it never got done.
  2. (colloquial) Excessively; thoroughly. He will be royally annoyed if you change his work.
royalty etymology From Old French roialté. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹɔɪəlti/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The rank, status, power or authority of a monarch.
  2. People of royal rank, plus their families, treated as a group.
  3. A royal right or prerogative, such as the exploitation of a natural resource; the granting of such a right; payment received for such a right
  4. The payment received by an owner of real property for exploitation of mineral right on his property.
  5. (by extension) payment made to a writer, composer, inventor etc for the sale or use of intellectual property, invention etc.
  6. (poker, slang) A king and a queen as a starting hand in Texas hold 'em
rozz etymology Compare rozzer.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The police.
    • 2014, Ted Scott, How The Rich Live They should recruit more West Indians into the rozz.
rozzer pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) A police officer.
Synonyms: see
RPG etymology
  • (rocket-propelled grenade) backronym from RPG as Ruchnoi Protivotankovyi Granatomyot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gaming) roleplaying game
  2. (weapons) rocket propelled grenade
  3. (basketball) rebounds per game
  4. (computing) Report Program Generator.
  • grp, GRP
rsvp etymology From French, répondez s’il vous plaît 〈s’il vous plaît〉.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (informal) To respond to an invitation, usually to indicate that one will be coming to the corresponding event. Will you rsvp for the party? When did you rsvp to the wedding invitation?
Generally one rsvps to invitations and rsvps for events, as in the example sentences provided. An RSVP regrets only means that the sender will assume the invited people will come unless they reply. Alternative forms: RSVP , R.S.V.P. , R. S. V. P. , r.s.v.p. , r. s. v. p.
  • PVRs
rubber {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹʌbə(ɹ)/, [ˈɹɐbə(ɹ)]
  • (US) /ˈɹʌbɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 rub + er The substance was originally named for its ability to function as an eraser. The senses not having to do with rubbing or erasing are secondarily derived from the name of the substance.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree; a hydrocarbon polymer of isoprene.
  2. (uncountable, countable) Synthetic materials with the same properties as natural rubber.
  3. (countable, UK) An eraser.
    • 2006, Lisa Kervin, Research for Educators, page 148, For example, they may use paddle pop sticks, hand span, pencils, rubbers, mathematics equipment (i.e. base 10 material) or anything else the teacher can find to measure the lengths of nominated objects.
    • 2010, Anna Jacobs, Beyond the Sunset, unnumbered page, Drawing materials, he thought, I used to love drawing as a lad. I can afford some plain paper and pencils, surely? And a rubber, too. He smiled at the memory of an elderly uncle, also fond of drawing, who′d always called rubbers ‘lead eaters’.
    • 2011, Patrick Lindsay, The Spirit of the Digger, Revised edition, unnumbered page, Stan stole a diary and some pens, pencils, ink and rubbers during his early days as a POW working on the Singapore docks.
  4. (countable, North America, slang) A condom.
  5. (slang, of a draft/check) Not cover by funds on account.
  6. (countable) Someone or something which rub.
    • 1949, LIFE (11 July 1949, page 21) What perplexity plagues the chin-rubber in the foreground and what so discourages the man leaning on the lamp post? And to what doom is the large man at right moving? Photographer Cowherd has no answers.
  7. (countable, baseball) The rectangular pad on the pitcher's mound from which the pitcher must pitch. Jones toes the rubber and then fires to the plate.
  8. (North America, in the plural) Water resistant shoe covers, galoshes, overshoe. Johnny, don't forget your rubbers today.
  9. (uncountable, slang) Tires, particularly racing tires. Jones enters the pits to get new rubber.
Synonyms: (condom) see .
etymology 2 Origin unknown.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sports) In relation to a series of game or match between two competitors where the overall winner of the series is the competitor which wins a majority of the individual games or matches:
    1. The entire series, of an odd number of games or matches in which tie are impossible (especially a series of three games in bridge or whist).
      • 1828 Robert Huish The Red Barn: A Tale, Founded on Fact p.83: They played, and Creed and his young partner won the first rubber, winning the two first games running.
      • 1907 May 25, in The Publishers' Weekly, number 1843, page 1608 : … an old lady's innocent rubber.
    2. An individual match within the series (especially in racquet sports).
      • 2013 Cradley Heath Badminton League Rules as at 2013/2014 Ladies matches shall consist of 6 rubbers. Each rubber shall consist of best of 3 games to 21 points.
      • 2015 February 7, in The Globe and Mail (Toronto), "Canada trails Czech Republic 2-0 in Fed Cup tie after singles losses" Montreal’s Francoise Abanda lost the first rubber of the tie 6-2, 6-4 to Karolina Pliskova on Saturday
  2. (sports, North America) a rubber match; a game or match played to break a tie.
  3. The game of rubber bridge. , "Still, I confess that I miss my rubber. It is the first Saturday night for seven-and-twenty years that I have not had my rubber." "I think you will find that you will play for a higher stake to-night than you have ever done yet, and that the play will be more exciting."
etymology 3 {{rfe}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To eavesdrop on a telephone call {{rfquote}}
rubber baby buggy bumper etymology From a well-known tongue twister.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A contraceptive diaphragm.
rubber-chicken dinner etymology The name derives from the fact that the quality of the food is secondary to the purpose of the event and seldom good.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial, idiomatic) A formal dinner or event thrown by politicians to raise funds.
rubber duck {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A toy, made out of rubber or rubber like plastic, shaped like a duck; usually a floating bathtub toy.
  2. (nautical, slang) An inflatable boat.
Alternative forms: rubber ducky
rubber duckie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A rubber duck (bath toy).
rubber ducky
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A rubber duck (bath toy).
rubber johnny
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) condom
rubber stamp Alternative forms: rubber-stamp, rubberstamp etymology From rubber + stamp {{wikipedia}}
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (figuratively) Of a person, organisation, or process, making decisions or approving matters routinely or without real power, as rubber stamp politics, a rubber stamp committee.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A piece of rubber or similar material with a design or text carved or molded for the purpose of transferring ink or dye to imprint that design on another object. The library had a rubber stamp to imprint the due date.
  2. (figuratively) A person or organisation who approves, routinely or as a formality, matters decided by some other person or organisation.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to process, approve or decide matters routine rather than through careful consideration They usually just rubber stamp orders under $100.
rubbish {{rfap}} etymology xno rubouses, of unknown origin; presumably ultimately from Proto-Germanic *raub- (from whence rob, via meaning “plunder, destroy”). Related to rubble.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}}Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition In verb sense “to criticize”, attested 1953 in Australian and New Zealand slang. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈrʌbɪʃ/
  • {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (chiefly, AU, NZ, British, colloquial) Exceedingly bad; awful; terrible; crappy. This has been a rubbish day, and it's about to get worse: my mother-in-law is coming to stay.
interjection: {{en-interj}} {{tcx}}
  1. (colloquial) Expresses that something is exceedingly bad, terrible or awful. The one day I actually practice my violin, the teacher cancels the lesson. Aw, rubbish! Though at least this means you have time to play football...
  2. Expresses that what was recently said is untruth or nonsense. Rubbish! I did nothing of the sort!
Synonyms: (expresses that what was recently said is untruth or nonsense) nonsense, bullshit, bollocks
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}} {{tcx}}
  1. Garbage, junk, refuse, waste. The rubbish is collected every Thursday in Gloucester, but on Wednesdays in Cheltenham.
  2. Nonsense. Everything the teacher said during that lesson was rubbish. How can she possibly think that a bass viol and a cello are the same thing?
  3. Fragments of buildings; ruins; debris.
    • Dryden He saw the town's one half in rubbish lie.
Synonyms: See also , See also
related terms:
  • rubble
verb: {{en-verb}} {{tcx}}
  1. To denounce, to criticise, to denigrate, to disparage.
rubbish bag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, Australia, NZ, colloquial) A plastic bag produced for the disposal of household waste. I need to take the rubbish bag out.
Synonyms: black bag (UK), trash bag (US), garbage bag (US)
rube Alternative forms: Reub etymology Generic use of the name Rube. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ruːb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person of rural heritage; a yokel.
  2. (pejorative) An uninformed, unsophisticated, or unintelligent person.
  • {{seeCites}}
ruble {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: rouble (via French) etymology From Russian рубль 〈rublʹ〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The monetary unit of Russia, Belarus and Transnistria equal to 100 kopek (Russian: копе́йка 〈kopéjka〉, Belarusian: капе́йка 〈kapéjka〉). The Russian ruble's new symbol is .
Alternative forms: rouble, rubl
  • bluer
  • Brulé
  • burel
rubout etymology rub out
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An assassination.
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. (computing, uncountable, dated) backspace
    • 1990, Michael D. Harrison, Harold Thimbleby, Formal methods in human-computer interaction (page 130) A direct manipulation editor would support, for example, a single rubout key that uses the cursor to find the appropriate character for deletion...
ruckus juice
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Strong home-made liquor; moonshine.
ruddy etymology Old English rudiġ. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɹʌdi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Reddish in color, especially of the face, fire, or sky.
  2. (British, slang) A mild intensifier.
    • {{RQ:Wodehouse Offing}}
Synonyms: (reddish in color) rosy, (intensifier) bally, bleeding, blimming, bloody, blooming, See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) ruddy duck
    • {{quote-news}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make reddish in colour. The sunset ruddied our faces. {{rfquotek}}
rude {{rfc}} etymology From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin rudis. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ruːd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. bad-mannered The girl was so rude to her boyfriend by screaming at him for no reason.
  2. Somewhat obscene, pornographic, offensive.
  3. tough, robust.
  4. undeveloped, unskilled, basic.
    • 2 Corinthians 11:6 (KVJ) But though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge
    • {{rfdate}}, Rudyard Kipling, The Conundrum of the Workshops When the flush of a new-born sun fell first on Eden's green and gold, Our father Adam sat under the Tree and scratched with a stick in the mould; And the first rude sketch that the world had seen was joy to his mighty heart, Till the Devil whispered behind the leaves, "It's pretty, but is it Art?"
    • 1767, Adam Ferguson, An Essay on the History of Civil Society It might be apprehended, that among rude nations, where the means of subsistence are procured with so much difficulty, the mind could never raise itself above the consideration of this subject
  5. hearty, vigorous; found particularly in the phrase rude health.
Synonyms: See also
  • dure, rued
rudeling etymology From rude + ling (literally “little rude one”).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) One who is rude.
    • 1833, The Olio, or, Museum of entertainment - Volume 11 - Page 242: "Rather young and quite as troublesome as the fashionables of their kind; they dodged me like shadows, followed me like lapdogs of Charles's breed; and courted me like rudelings. [...]"
    • 1877, Richard Wagner, Siegfried: On the earth's broad back Basks the brood of the giants: — Riesenheim, that is their home — Fasolt and Fafner The rudeling princes, Envied the Niblung's power; The wondrous hoard, They won for themselves, And wrested with it the ring.
    • 1906, Times magazine - Volume 1, Issues 1-4 - Page 107: What cared the rudelings of Tammany Hall? They quaffed their cider, sang their songs, told lying stories of adventures by flood and field, and at last attracted the wary eye of Aaron Burr.
rudie etymology From rude boy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Jamaica, slang) juvenile delinquent
ruff {{slim-wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɹʌf/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 A shortening of ruffle
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia, Philomachus pugnax.
    1. A male of the species. (The female is a reeve).
  2. alternative spelling of ruffe a small freshwater fish; a pope.
  3. A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.
    • {{RQ:Wodehouse Offing}}
  4. Anything formed with plaits or flutings, like the frill.
    • {{rfdate}} Alexander Pope I reared this flower; … / Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread.
  5. (obsolete) An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.
    • {{rfdate}} L'Estrange How many princes … in the ruff of all their glory, have been taken down from the head of a conquering army to the wheel of the victor's chariot!
  6. (obsolete) Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct.
    • {{rfdate}} Latimer to ruffle it out in a riotous ruff
  7. (military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
  8. (engineering) A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
  9. A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feather on or around the neck of a bird.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To ruffle; to disorder. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
  3. (hawking) To hit (the prey) without fix it.
etymology 2 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (cards) To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led
Synonyms: trump
etymology 3
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative spelling of rough
etymology 4 Onomatopoeic.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. The bark of a dog; woof.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of roofie
    • 1996 June 15, "Stacey Burright" (username), "date rape UL?", in alt.folklore.urban, Usenet: The drug in question is Rohipnol, also called Rufinol ("rufies"). It is a prescription drug given to people who have difficulty sleeping. [...] I know several people who have experienced the effects of this drug. Two of them are close friends of mine who intentionally took rufies after having drunk one beer each; [...]
    • 2008, Tibor Fischer, Good to be God, page 174: He had come to ditch his rufies and stash of filth in a bid for salvation. I gave him all the unction I could, but there's a problem with ditching your rufies and porn: you can always go out and buy some more tomorrow.
    • 2010, Barry F. Schnell, Mundo Del Wampum, page 192: Cabeza sold Veedub some top shelf rufies that were "guaranteed to have an object of desire limp and lifeless within sixty seconds."
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of roofie
    • 1999 July 22, "jason beveridge" (username), "Too all morans out there (Purple jeuses) ", in alt.alcohol, Usenet: I think all of you are right, this rookie guy's a jerk. My girlfriend's best friend got rufied last year, and it wasn't very pleasant for her. That kind of behavior is sociopathic.
    • 2000 May 1, "DJ $#&@!" (username), "Angst digipak pics", in, Usenet: It was after I had been "rufied" and passed out. I only remember a trapeze, a turkey baster, and a sharp pain emanating from my rectum...
    • 2011 May 8, "Tom" (username), "Hel Needham", in, Usenet: He told a story (apologies if I leave out a detail or two) about picking up a hooker in a hotel bar, going to his room and getting rufied and waking up naked and robbed. He said he was back at the same hotel a year later and the same thing happened.
rug etymology Origin uncertain; compare Swedish rugg, Old Norse rogg, English rough. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /rʌɡ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A partial covering for a floor.
  2. (UK, Australia) A (usually thick) piece of fabric used for warmth (especially on a bed); a blanket.
    • 1855, , A Boy′s Adventures in the Wilds of Australia: or, Herbert′s Note-Book, [http//|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=JXLE6I76zK&sig=Tw6Sl9pPnMYCiXsJX6w5tB6cFOI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QU0VUOWaH4qyiQfb2oHICg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rug%22|%22rugs%22%20bed%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 254], They then cut down a quantity of gum-tree leaves for a bed, and threw their rugs upon them ready for bed-time.
    • 1906 July 27, Government Gazette of Western Australia, [http//|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22rug%22|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=cRlRf0fCLu&sig=P_ckdO4zWNLqPng3SQfJG-Yzh8U&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OlAVUOGFHYySiQfC84DgDQ&redir_esc=y page 2297], Furnish every sleeping apartment with a sufficient number of toilet utensils and bedsteads, and sufficient bedding so that each bed shall be provided with a mattress, two sheets, a rug, and, in winter time, not less than one additional rug.
    • 1950 April, Dental Journal of Australia, Volume 22, [http//|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22rug%22|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=BFyGakNY5h&sig=Tseu6Y0uXAdGbq9ILUyTOepDnC0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n0UVUPyRBoWuiQfZ4oHIBg&redir_esc=y page 181], My own son had a bunny rug of which he was very fond and on being put to bed he would always demand his “bunny rug to suck his finger with.″
    • 1997, Alan Sharpe, Vivien Encel, Murder!: 25 True Australian Crimes, [http//|%22rugs%22+bed+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=JfRLjCFLEc&sig=uPnvXCrG3Fwj7ADO_tNKnjvqSII&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n0UVUPyRBoWuiQfZ4oHIBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22rug%22|%22rugs%22%20bed%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 22], He brought with him a rug and a sheet, and lay down by the fire.
  3. A kind of coarse, heavy frieze, formerly used for clothing.
    • Holinshed They spin the choicest rug in Ireland. A friend of mine … repaired to Paris Garden clad in one of these Waterford rugs.
  4. A rough, woolly, or shaggy dog.
  5. (slang) A wig; a hairpiece.
  • (partial floor covering) The terms rug and carpet are not precise synonyms: a rug covers part of the floor; a carpet covers most or a large area of the floor; a fitted carpet runs wall-to-wall.
Synonyms: (small carpet) carpet, mat, (wig) toupee, wig
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (Scotland) To pull roughly or hastily; to plunder; to spoil; to tear. {{rfquotek}}
  • GRU
rug muncher etymology A reference to cunnilingus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, offensive) A lesbian.
    • 2007, Frédéric Beigbeder, Frank Wynne, Holiday in a coma: and, Love lasts three years (page 102) Marc knows all too well that a party without punch-ups, drugs, rug-munchers and corpses is hardly worth sticking around for.
    • 2008, Kimberley Chambers, Billie Jo She'd never had much to do with rug munchers in the past and was fascinated by this woman.
    • 2011, Brett Kiellerop, My Big Fat Gay Life (page 55) One man, two bisexual women, and a total rug-muncher: the possibilities are endless.
  • The synonymous carpet muncher is somewhat more common.
rugrat etymology From rug + rat.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous or pejorative) A toddler, a young child.
  • This noun is usually found in its plural form: rugrats.
rug rat Alternative forms: rugrat etymology Unknown - possibly from crawling on the floor, Date: ca. 1975
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) usually a little child, up to the age of six years.
    • 2001, Candace Bushnell, Four Blondes, Grove Press, page 243, "Now listen, you little rug rat," I said threateningly, "I'm going to wash your hair and that is it. Get it?"
    • 2007, Kgcummings, Welcome... With Wrath., Authorhouse, page 54 "... We'll probably be getting a call some time tonight announcing the arrival of their new rug rat."
    • 2004, Jennifer Marshall, The Christie Legacy, Trafford Publishing, page 589 "Anna? You've had another rug rat?".
Synonyms: ankle-biter, brat; see also

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