The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


seventeenish etymology seventeen + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Of about seventeen years of age.
seventyish etymology seventy + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Of about seventy years of age.
seventysomething Alternative forms: seventy-something
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, colloquial) A person aged between 70 and 79 years. She was a spritely seventysomething.
numeral: {{head}}
  1. Between seventy and eighty.
sewer {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From xno sewere, from Old French sewiere, from vl *exaquāria, from Latin ex with aquāria. pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˈsuːə/
    • (formerly) {{enPR}}, /ˈsjʊə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈsuɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A pipe or system of pipes used to remove human waste and to provide drainage.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To provide (a place) with a system of sewers.
etymology 2 From xno asseour, from Old French asseoir, from Latin assidēre, present active participle of assideō, from ad + sedeō. pronunciation
  • /ˈsjuːə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now historical) A servant attending at a meal, responsible for seating arrangements, serving dishes etc.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe: While the Saxon was plunged in these painful reflections, the door of their prison opened, and gave entrance to a sewer, holding his white rod of office.
    • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 287: His nephew Charles, meanwhile, had grown up in the royal household, working as a sewer, or waiter.
etymology 3 sew + er pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˈsəʊə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈsoʊə/
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who sew.
  2. A small tortricid moth whose larva sews together the edges of a leaf by means of silk. the apple-leaf sewer, Phoxopteris nubeculana
Synonyms: (one who sews) sempster/sempstress (man/woman), seamster/seamstress (man/woman), tailor
  • ewers, re-sew, resew, sweer
sex Alternative forms: sexe (rare or archaic) etymology From Middle English sexe, from Old French sexe, from Latin sexus. Thought to be connected with Latin seco, secare by the concept of division, or 'half' of the race. Akin to section. Meaning "sexual intercourse" first attested 1929 (in writings of ). pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /sɛks/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) A main division into which an organism is placed according to its reproductive functions or organ. (In most organisms, the division is into males and females; some organisms have additional sexes.) What sex is that hamster? The abnormality is found in both sexes. Slime molds are sometimes erroneously said to have thirteen sexes.
  2. (uncountable) The sum of the biological characteristics by which male and female and other organism are distinguished. The effect of the medication is dependent upon age, sex, and other factors. The researchers divided the subjects by sex.
  3. (uncountable) Sexual intercourse; the act of sexual intercourse. All you ever think about is sex. We had sex in the back seat.
    • 1934, translation of the Qur'an (23:5) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali [The believers ... those ... ] who abstain from sex
    • {{quote-news}}
  4. (euphemistic) Genitalia; a penis or vagina.
    • 1993, Catherine Coulter, The Heiress Bride (ISBN 1101214147), page 354: She touched his sex with her hand.
  5. (obsolete, with the definite article) Women; womankind.
    • Note on citations: None of the following actually shows that the word was used to mean "womankind".
    • 1740, Samuel Richardson, Pamela: ‘With all my heart,’ replied my master; ‘I have so much honour for all the sex, that I would not have the meanest person of it stand, while I sit, had I been to have made the custom.’
    • 1759, , , , page 52:
    • … unless it was with his sister-in-law, my father's wife and my mother,—my uncle Toby scarce exchanged three words with the sex in as many years …
    • 1769, Commentaries on the Laws of England, William Blackstone, “Thus female honor, which is dearer to the sex than their lives, is left by the common law to be the sport of an abandoned calumniator.”
    • 1807, John Hoole, trans. Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, XXVII ll. 1003-4: But how can each the boasted treasure own, / When through the sex no two chaste wives are known?
    • 1862, Wilkie Collins, No Name: Even the reptile temperament of Noel Vanstone warmed under the influence of the sex: he had an undeniably appreciative eye for a handsome woman, and Magdalen's grace and beauty were not thrown away on him.
{{U:en:sex and gender}} Synonyms: (either of two main classes of sexually reproducing living things) gender (sometimes proscribed; see that entry), (sexual intercourse) coitus, sexual intercourse; See also
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • sexual
  • sexuality
  • sexualize
  • sexualization
  • German: Sex
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (zoology) To determine the biological sex of an animal. It is not easy to sex lizards.
  2. (colloquial) To have sex with. The passionate lovers sexed each other every night. OK, so I'm sexin' her, right, and all I can think of is this other girl.
sexaholic Alternative forms: sexoholic etymology sex + aholic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who is addicted to sex.
Synonyms: shagaholic (UK)
sexalicious etymology {{blend}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) very sexually attractive
    • 2005, Dr. Rajeev Sharma, New Kamasutra Sex Management Guide (page 262) When Cosmo asked guys about the most sexalicious thing women could do after getting busy, this was their number-one plea: suggest a shower for two.
    • 2009, Alyssa Brooks, Larissa Lyons, Restrain Me (page 143) A blue-eyed cowboy with curved, sexalicious lips, her friend had added, licking her own in exaggeration.
    • 2011, Neesha Meminger, Jazz in Love "For your sake, I hope he is totally sexalicious."
sexathon etymology sex + athon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A prolonged session of sexual intercourse.
sex bomb
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) Someone who is highly physically attractive; a bombshell.
    • 1976 New York Magazine - 19 Jul 1976 - Page 84 Devour will annex the studio for whose chief (Sid Caesar) our boys are working the moment it goes bankrupt; hence that silent movie must be thwarted, whether by skulduggery, violence, or a booze-inducing sex-bomb (Bernadette Peters)
    • 1999, , "", : Sex bomb, sex bomb, you're my sex bomb / And, baby, you can turn me on
Synonyms: bombshell, sex kitten, sexpot
sexcapade etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) A frivolous or overactive sexual act.
    • {{quote-news}}
sexfest etymology sex + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any event involving a large amount, or great amount, of sexual intercourse.
sexhibition etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A sex show; an erotic performance.
    • 1998, Suzanne White, Chinese Astrology Plain and Simple (page 226) I am not, however, one of those ultra-libertine types who puts on sexhibitions for the kindergarten set in hopes they will grow up unthwarted.
    • 2000, Peter Nichols, Diaries, 1969-1977 (page 402) At dinner that night, talk turned to sexhibitions. One of the party told us of sex-shows in Bangkok and Copenhagen.
    • 2011, Emerald T. Stone, Crossing the Line (page 125) While looking at the sexhibition going on between Antonio and Noni, their lips locked, I could see that Antonio was trying to push her off of him…
sexify etymology sex + ify
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang, rare) To sexualize.
related terms:
  • sexification
sexile etymology {{blend}}.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To banish somebody, usually one's roommate, from the room for the privacy to have sex.
    • 2000, Harvard Lampoon, The Harvard Lampoon's guide to college admissions: the comprehensive, authoritative, and utterly useless source for where to go and how to get in, Warner Books, ISBN 0446676160, page 123: As a happening dude or lady with a happening roommate, you should be prepared to get "sexiled" from your bedroom while someone gets intimate.
    • a2004, unnamed college student, Heather Alexander, quoted in Sharing Spaces: Tips and Strategies on Being a Good College Roommate, Surviving a Bad One, and Dealing with Everything in Between, Simon and Schuster (2004), ISBN 0743261518, page 137: We promised to never "sexile" each other (kick your roommate out of the room for the purposes of hooking up).
    • 2006, Teresa Botial Richardson, Am I Black Or Right, AuthorHouse, ISBN 142595362X, page 11: I guess I was being sexiled all three times and didn't realize it.
  • exiles, lexeis, lexies
sexmobile etymology sex + mobile
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A vehicle in which people have sexual intercourse.
Synonyms: fuckmobile
sex on a stick
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) A very sexually attractive person or persons.
    • 1996, Ken Follett, Third Twin She put in her favorite nose jewel, a small sapphire in a silver mount. In the mirror she looked like sex-on-a-stick.
    • 2002, Jerry Stahl, Plainclothes Naked Tina was sex-on-a-stick, so he had to be vigilant.
    • 2002, Katie Fforde, Second Thyme Around But then, Geoff couldn’t exactly be described as sex on a stick, not even by a frustrated divorcee like herself.
    • 2004, Karin Slaughter, Indelible “What’d Jill-June say?” / “That he’s sex on a stick.[”] / Sara smiled at the understatement.
Synonyms: sex on legs
sex partner
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone that one has sex with, especially on an informal or casual basis.
    • 2002, Colin Jones (historian), The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 126: The effect was ruined, however, by Louis's decision [...] to be accompanied by his mistress, the duchesse de Châteauroux, along with her sister, the duchesse de Lauraguais (who was Louis's occasional sex-partner rather than a fully-fledged royal mistress).
    • 2006, Lynn Barber, The Observer, 14 May 2006: But the 44-year-old trouper earns £7,000 a night as a DJ, insists he can beat his weakness for drugs, and makes no apologies for cruising online for sex partners.
sexpat etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) One who engages in sex tourism.
    • 2010, Erich R. Sysak, Water Heart They weren't all just sexpats and drifters and former disgraced officers or old bartenders, none of which he should have mentioned.
sexperience etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, slang) An individual sexual experience.
    • 2010, Lulu Taylor, Midnight Girls, Arrow Books (2010), ISBN 9780099524922, page 154: This wasn't like Allegra; they had always told each other all their secrets and shared every step of the journey on the way to becoming experienced — 'our sexperiences', Allegra used to call them.
    • 2011, Kelly Holgate, "Bonking Mad", Fresh Direction, Autumn 2011, page 78: However, just like said bombs, your sexperiences as a fresher can leave you feeling happy one minute and confused the next.
    • 2013, Steven Penaranda, "Let's play a love game", The Sandspur (Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida), Volume 119, Issue 14, 21 March 2013, page 5: Today I would like to broaden your sexperiences and introduce you to the world of sex games.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  2. (uncountable, slang) One's practical experience with sex considered collectively.
    • 2009, Jeremy Deutchman, "The Lifestyle", in Rejected: Tales of the Failed, Dumped, and Canceled (ed. Jon Friedman), Villard (2009), ISBN 9780345500960, page 212: I had always prided myself on being creative, but in the sexperience department I was coming up dry.
    • 2009, "The secret diary of a SEXAHOLIC", Bath Impact (University of Bath Students' Union), Volume 11, Issue 4, 2 November 2009, page 6: As fourth year students we believe we have the sexpertise, the sexperience and the willingness for sexploration to revolutionise your love life!
    • 2012, Desmond Fosbery, The Trouble with Charlie Foster, Lulu Books (2012), ISBN 9781291136210, page 198: 'She's doing it', one of the jazz fellows had said with a soft laugh, '... not just because she likes it, but 'cause all you horny little buggers need the sexperience', he ran the two words together so the meaning would not be lost.
sexpionage etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) espionage using sex or sexual allure
sexploit etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A sexual exploit.
    • 1973, Punch (volume 264, issue 1, page 185) The ultimate collision between these irreconcilable worlds comes in the dream sequences where Portnoy fantasises about the possible domestic outcome of his latest sexploit
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A sexploitation film.
    • 2010, John Cline, Robert G. Weiner, From the Arthouse to the Grindhouse … it had first opened as the Ideal Theater, later to go through numerous name changes and booking policy shifts that saw it screen Italian and Russian films and “girlie” sexploiters in the 1950s.
sexpot etymology sex + pot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a sexy person.
  • ex post
sexsational etymology {{blend}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Very sexy or sexual; characterised by brash, overt sexuality.
    • 1973, Penthouse Sexsational exotic colour-packed catalogue featuring devastating cleavage bras...
    • 1997, Robert McLiam Wilson, Eureka Street It was the small-ads page of the only mucky paper that Northern Ireland produced, a paper with sexsational stories about mythical locals...
    • 2000, Bruce W Sanford, Don't shoot the messenger In the 1990s only the new breed of "sexsational" stories — the John Bobbitt, OJ Simpson and Monica Lewinsky melodramas — permit them to cobble together something temporarily resembling a mass audience.
    • 2006, Stephen Orr, Hill of Grace "You've seen her sexsational dance?" "That I'm not ready for."
sexship etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, neologism) A relationship based purely on sex.
sextastic etymology sex + tastic
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) great, with regards to sex
sextravaganza etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An event, production, etc. involving plenty of sex or erotic imagery.
Synonyms: sexfest
  • extravaganzas
sexual intercourse {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Coitus or genital-genital sexual contact; copulation.
  2. Sexual interaction, usually involving vaginal and/or anal and/or oral penetration, between at least two organisms.
    • 1974, Thomas S. Szasz, M.D., The Myth of Mental Illness, 8,, 0-06-091151-4, page 139 Dating and courtship provide many examples of indirect communications. The young man may want sexual intercourse. The young woman may want marriage. In the initial stages of the dating game neither knows just what the other wants. Hence, they do not know precisely what game they are going to play. Moreover, in our culture direct communications about sexual interests and activities are still felt to be discouraged, even prohibited. Hinting and alluding thus become indispensable methods of communication.
    • 2009, John Bancroft, Human Sexuality and Its Problems, page 197: Mosher et al (2005), from the NSFG for 2002, reported on the percentage of each age group who had experienced oral sex but not sexual intercourse.
Synonyms: See also
sexual predator {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, pejorative) A person who obtain, or tries to obtain, sexual contact, and for that reason is seen as threatening. The woman was jailed after the judge described her as a sexual predator.
Sexville Alternative forms: sexville etymology sex + ville
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A notional town representing sexual activity, sexual thoughts, etc.
    • 1957, Frederick Kohner, Gidget, Berkley (2001), ISBN 9780425179628, page 3: It's probably a lousy story and can't hold up a candle to those French novels from Sexville, but it has one advantage: it's a true story on my word of honor.
    • 2006, Andrea Stephen, Boyland: A B. A. B. E. 's Guide to Understanding Guys, Fleming H. Revell (2006), ISBN 9780800759520, page 57: Let him watch an hour of TV, and he'll see tons of visual images that can take his brain to Sexville.
    • 2010, Richard Herring, How Not to Grow Up: A Coming of Age Memoir, Sort of, Ebury (2010), ISBN 9781407031439, page 60: It seemed like everyone else was on the train to Sexville, while I was locked in the toilets in the station.
    • {{seemorecites}}
sexy etymology From sex + y. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈsɛksi/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a person) Having sexual appeal; suggestive of sex. The participants in the swimsuit competition are all very sexy.
  2. (of a thing or concept) interesting, attractive or appealing. The manufacturers have launched a sexy new car. We have some sexy ideas on how to improve sales.
    • 2013, Kathy Casey, D'Lish Deviled Eggs (page 67) Creamy cheese, tangy-sweet peppers, and a hit of heat tango in this sexy deviled-egg combo.
  3. (mathematics) Used to describe prime numbers that differ from each other by six. (73,79) is a sexy prime pair.
Synonyms: (having sexual appeal) alluring, dishy (of a man), foxy (of a woman), horny, raunchy, sensual, tasty, dreamy, (slang: attractive, appealing) gorgeous, tasty, hot, See also
sexy time Alternative forms: sexytime
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Time dedicated to sexual activity; by extension, sexual intercourse.
    • 2011, Alex Hathaway, From Housewife to Cuckoldress: How I Took Sexual Control of a Marriage in Crisis, Fanny Press (2011), ISBN 9781603814904, page 51: "I don't think we're supposed to have sexy time at the nude beach," I snapped.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: sexy times, See also .
sexy times Alternative forms: sexytimes
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) Time dedicated to sexual activity; by extension, sexual intercourse.
    • 2012, Jennifer Echols, Such a Rush, Gallery Books (2012), ISBN 9781451658019, page 199: "Know what, Grayson? That nobody will hire me just as a pilot? That all my flying jobs come with a side order of sexy times? {{…}}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: sexy time, See also .
sez etymology eye dialect of says pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) en-third-person singular of say Sez who? – Sez me!
shabby etymology From shab + y, or directly from an alteration of scabby. Cognate with Scots shabby, Dutch schabbig, gml schabbich, German schäbig, Swedish skabbig, Swedish sjabbig. pronunciation
  • /ˈʃæb.i/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Torn or worn; poor; mean; ragged. They lived in a tiny apartment, with some old, shabby furniture.
  2. Clothed with ragged, much worn, or soiled garments. The fellow arrived looking rather shabby after journeying so far.
  3. Mean; paltry; despicable. shabby treatment
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) methedrine
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, colloquial, dated) shaky; rickety
{{Webster 1913}}
shack up
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, pejorative) To live together, especially of an unmarried couple. I don't think his father was too thrilled when he shacked up with his girlfriend. 1995: "George, please state the name of the hotel and room number you are in.""Room 832 of the University Plaza Hotel.""Lynn, please state the name of the hotel and room number you are in.""Room 832 of the University Plaza Hotel."Dr. Daniels interrupted. "Christ, Hugo, are you trying to tell me you've got these two kids shacked up in a hotel room?", In The Matter of: The Gatekeeper: The Gate Contracts, Paul Robinson
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang) shut up; be quiet.
shades pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of shade
  2. (pluralonly, slang) sunglasses His shades are by some famous designer.
Synonyms: (sunglasses) sunglasses, sunnies (Australian English)
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of shade
  • dashes
  • sashed
shadow {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English schadowe, schadewe, schadwe (also schade > shade), from Old English sceaduwe, sceadwe, oblique form of sceadu, from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz, from Proto-Indo-European *skot-. Cognate with Scots scaddow, schaddow, Saterland Frisian Skaad, Dutch schaduw, German Schatten, Norwegian skodde, Irish scáth, Ancient Greek σκότος 〈skótos〉. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) {{enPR}}, /ˈʃædoʊ/
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˈʃædəʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A dark image projected onto a surface where light (or other radiation) is block by the shade of an object.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 1 , “The stories did not seem to me to touch life. […] They left me with the impression of a well-delivered stereopticon lecture, with characters about as life-like as the shadows on the screen, and whisking on and off, at the mercy of the operator.”
    exampleMy shadow lengthened as the sun began to set. exampleThe X-ray showed a shadow on his lung.
  2. Relative darkness, especially as caused by the interruption of light; gloom, obscurity. exampleI immediately jumped into shadow as I saw them approach.
    • Denham Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise.
    • Spenser In secret shadow from the sunny ray, / On a sweet bed of lilies softly laid.
  3. (obsolete) A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water. {{rfquotek}}
  4. That which looms as though a shadow.
    • {{RQ:Schuster Hepaticae V}} Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
    exampleI don't have a shadow of doubt in my mind that my plan will succeed.   The shadow of fear of my being outed always affects how I live my life.   I lived in her shadow my whole life.
  5. A small degree; a shade. exampleHe did not give even a shadow of respect to the professor.
    • Bible, James i. 17 no variableness, neither shadow of turning
  6. An imperfect and faint representation. He came back from war the shadow of a man.
    • Bible, Hebrews x. 1 the law having a shadow of good things to come
    • Milton [types] and shadows of that destined seed
  7. One who secretly or furtively follow another. exampleThe constable was promoted to working as a shadow for the Royals.
    • Milton Sin and her shadow Death
  8. A type of letter form of word processors that makes a cubic effect.
  9. An influence, especially a pervasive or a negative one.
    • 1844, The Present Age: Politics, The early lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 3, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert E. Spiller, Wallace E. Williams, 1972, “Men see the institution and worship it. It is only the lengthened shadow of one man.…The Reformation is the shadow of Luther: Quakerism of Fox: Methodism of Wesley: Abolition of Clarkson.”
  10. A spirit; a ghost; a shade.
    • Shakespeare Macbeth act 3 scene 4 The baby of a girl. Hence, horrible shadow!
  11. (obsolete, Latinism) An uninvited guest accompanying one who was invited. {{rfquotek}}
  • A person (or object) is said to "cast", "have", or "throw" a shadow if that shadow is caused by the person (either literally, by eclipsing a light source, or figuratively). The shadow may then be described as the shadow "cast" or "thrown" by the person, or as the shadow "of" the person, or simply as the person's shadow.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To block light or radio transmission. Looks like that cloud's going to shadow us.
  2. (espionage) To secretly or discreetly track or follow another, to keep under surveillance.
  3. To accompany a professional during the working day, so as to learn about an occupation one intends to take up.
  4. (programming) To make an identifier, usually a variable, inaccessible by declaring another of the same name within the scope of the first.
  5. (computing) To apply the shadowing process to (the contents of ROM).
shadow bank
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (banking, pejorative) An entity that illegally performs banking functions.
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. (banking, economics, finance, pejorative) An entity not subject to banking regulation that performs banking functions.
shadow banking
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, banking, economics, finance) Bank-like activities that are not subject to existing bank regulation.
shadow banking system etymology Attributed to Paul McCulley of PIMCO Beware our shadow banking system, Bill Gross, November 28 2007.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, banking, finance, economics) Non-bank financial institutions, that, like banks, borrow short and in liquid forms and lend or invest long in more illiquid assets.
related terms:
  • shadow bank
shady etymology shade + y pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Abounding in shades.
  2. Causing shade.
    • Bible, Job xl. 22 The shady trees cover him with their shadow.
  3. Overspread with shade; sheltered from the glare of light or sultry heat.
    • Francis Bacon Cast it also that you may have rooms shady for summer and warm for winter.
  4. (informal) Not trustworthy; disreputable. He is a shady character.
    • 2009: Stuart Heritage, Hecklerspray, Friday the 22nd of May in 2009 at 1 o’clock p.m., “Jon & Kate Latest: People You Don’t Know Do Crap You Don’t Care About” Jon & Kate Plus 8 is a show based on two facts: 1) Jon and Kate Gosselin have eight children, and 2) the word ‘Kate’ rhymes with the word ‘eight’. One suspects that if Kate were ever to have another child, a shady network executive would urge her to put it in a binbag with a brick and drop it down a well. But this is just a horrifying tangent.
  5. (UK, slang) Mean, cruel. Don't be shady, give us a go.
Synonyms: (not trustworthy) corrupt, dodgy, dubious, equivocal, seedy, sketchy, suspicious
shaft {{wikipedia}} etymology Old English sceaft, from Germanic Proto-Germanic *skaftaz. Cognate with Dutch schacht, German Schaft, Swedish skaft. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ʃɑːft/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (US) /ʃæft/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The entire body of a long weapon, such as an arrow.
    • {{circa}}, Geoffrey Chaucer: His sleep, his meat, his drink, is him bereft, / {{nowrap}}
    • {{circa}}, Roger Ascham: A shaft hath three principal parts, the stele, the feathers, and the head.
  2. The long, narrow, central body of a spear, arrow, or javelin. exampleHer hand slipped off the javelin's shaft towards the spearpoint and that's why her score was lowered.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out.{{nb...}}. Ikey the blacksmith had forged us a spearhead after a sketch from a picture of a Greek warrior; and a rake-handle served as a shaft.
  3. (by extension) Anything cast or thrown as a spear or javelin.
    • {{circa}}, John Milton: And the thunder, / Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage, / Perhaps {{nowrap}}
    • {{circa}}, Vicesimus Knox: Some kinds of literary pursuits…have been attacked with all the shafts of ridicule.
  4. Any long thin object, such as the handle of a tool, one of the pole between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the driveshaft of a motorized vehicle with rear-wheel drive, an axle, etc.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. A beam or ray of light. exampleIsn't that shaft of light from that opening in the cave beautiful?
    • 1912, Willa Cather, : They were a fine company of old women, and a Dutch painter would have loved to find them there together, where the sun made bright patches on the floor and sent long, quivering shafts of gold through the dusky shade up among the rafters.
  6. The main axis of a feather. exampleI had no idea that they removed the feathers' shafts to make the pillows softer!
  7. (lacrosse) The long narrow body of a lacrosse stick. exampleSarah, if you wear gloves your hands might not slip on your shaft and you can up your game, girl!
  8. A long, narrow passage sunk into the earth, either natural or for artificial. exampleYour grandfather used to work with a crane hauling ore out of the gold mine's shafts.
  9. A vertical passage housing a lift or elevator; a liftshaft. exampleDarn it, my keys fell through the gap and into the elevator shaft.
  10. A ventilation or heating conduit; an air duct. exampleOur parrot flew into the air duct and got stuck in the shaft.
  11. (architecture) Any column or pillar, particularly the body of a column between its capital and pediment.
    • {{circa}}, Ralph Waldo Emerson: Bid time and nature gently spare / {{nowrap}}
  12. The main cylindrical part of the penis. exampleThe female labia minora is homologous to the penis shaft skin of males.
  13. The chamber of a blast furnace.
In Early Modern English, the shaft referred to the entire body of a long weapon, such that an arrow's "shaft" was composed of its "tip", "stale" or "steal", and "fletching". (circa 1530) glossed the French jempenne as "I fether a shafte, I put fethers upon a steale". Over time, the word came to be used in place of the former "stale" and lost its original meaning. Synonyms: stale, stail, steal, stele, steel (arrows, spears), mineshaft (vertical underground passage)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang) To fuck over; to cause harm to, especially through deceit or treachery. Your boss really shafted you by stealing your idea like that.
  2. (transitive) to equip with a shaft.
  3. (transitive, slang) To fuck; to have sexual intercourse with. Turns out my roommate was shafting my girlfriend.
  • hafts
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of shaft
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. fitted with a shaft
  2. (heraldry, of a spear) Having a shaft and head of different tincture.
  3. (slang) screwed (in all senses); ripped off
shag pronunciation
  • (RP) /ʃæɡ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English *schagge, from Old English sceacga, from Proto-Germanic *skaggiją, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kek-, *(s)keg-. Akin to Old Norse skegg, beard (compare Danish skæg, spelling before : skjæg, Norwegian skjegg, Swedish skägg), from Old Norse skaga, to protrude.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Matted material; rough massed hair, fibres etc.
    • John Gay true Witney broadcloth, with its shag unshorn
  2. Coarse shredded tobacco.
    • 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 535: He was rather unshaven as well and smelt strongly of shag.
  3. A type of rough carpet pile.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make hairy or shaggy; to roughen.
    • J. Barlow Shag the green zone that bounds the boreal skies.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) hairy; shaggy {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 {{wikipedia}} Perhaps a derivative of Etymology 1, above, with reference to the bird's shaggy crest.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Several species of sea birds in the family Phalacrocoracidae (cormorant family), especially the {{vern}} or {{vern}}, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, found on European and African coasts.
    • 1941, Ernestine Hill, My Love Must Wait, A&R Classics 2013, p. 7: He ran back and picked up a dead bird that had fallen. It was not a duck but a shag.
etymology 3 From Middle English shaggen, from Proto-Germanic *skakkōną, specifically continuing a post-Proto-Germanic variant , where the non-singular stem caused the analogical replacement of the stem-final voiceless geminate consonants with voiced geminates, which was then leveled throughout the paradigm.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To shake, wiggle around.
  2. (transitive, vulgar slang) To have sexual intercourse with.
  3. (Indian, transitive, vulgar slang) To masturbate.
  4. To chase after; especially, to chase after and return (a ball) hit usually out of play
    • {{quote-book }}
  5. To perform the dance called the shag.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A swing dance.
  2. (slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
    • 2007, Julie Andrews, "Roman Must Die", in The Leonard Variations: Clarion 2007 San Diego, ISBN 9787774574500, page 10: They were in the midst of an intense snog, his tongue down her throat as he tried to work out if he wanted another shag before she left for the night, when an odd noise sounded from behind the door of 2B.
    • 2010, Clara Darling, Hot City Nights, St. Martin's Press (2010), ISBN 9780312536954, page 107: “And feel free to come over anytime you'd like a drink and a shag. {{…}}
    • 2011, Josephine Myles, Barging In, Samhain Publishing, Ltd. (2011), ISBN 9781609285920, page 24: He could say yes, then just quietly leave the area without ever seeing the man again. He could even get a shag out of Charles first.
  3. (slang) A casual sexual partner.
    • 2003, Freya North, Pip, Harper (2003), ISBN 9780007462254, unnumbered page: 'It turned out that it was me who was just a shag to him. He had a girlfriend I didn't know about. He presumed I was up for some no-strings action. And the thing is, I thought I was – in theory. But in practice, I realized that I wasn't.'
    • 2008, Bruce Cooke, Trace Elements, Eternal Press (2008), ISBN 9781897559369, page 56: "Was I just another shag to you, Trace? Someone to bed when the offer came?"
    • 2011, Wes Lee, "Saul", in The Sleepers Almanac, No. 7 (eds. Zoe Dattner & Louise Swinn), Sleepers Publishing (2011), ISBN 9781742702995, page 135: 'Your favourite shag?' I ask her. 'Martin Kershen.' 'He was a sexy beast.'
Synonyms: (casual sexual partner) see also .
etymology 4 Blend of shower and stag.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, Northwestern Ontario) A fundraising dance in honour of a couple engaged to be married.
Synonyms: stag and doe, stag and doe party (Canada), social, wedding social (Canada)
  • gash
  • hags
Synonyms: See also
shagadelic etymology Humorously, from shag + psychedelic. Introduced in Austin Powers (film series).
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) sexy, in an outrageously retro manner
shagaholic etymology shag + aholic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) A person who is addicted to sex.
    • 1999, "Pianist Steve Koven and the Steve Koven Trio perform at the Downtown Jazz Festival", Toronto Star, 29 June 1999: You young 'uns might not believe this, but Michael Caine burst on to the screen as a bona fide sex symbol thanks to Alfie, about a Cockney shagaholic who made the most of the Swinging '60s.
    • 2002, Alison Kerr, "Videos", The Herald (Glasgow), 12 December 2002: Myers may still be having fun with his shagaholic spy, as well as the rest of the characters he plays, but he's the only one still laughing.
    • 2008, David Segal, "The Kennedy Center Honors: Roger Daltrey & Pete Townshend", The Washington Post, 7 December 2008: "I suppose in some ways I was a shagaholic," [Roger Daltrey] says, chewing on a fig from a fruit platter. "I just liked female company on the road."
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: sexaholic
Shagaluf etymology {{blend}}. So called because it is a popular holiday destination for British tourists looking for casual sex.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) The Majorcan resort town of Magaluf
shagfest etymology shag + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, slang) An event or encounter involving a large amount of sexual intercourse.
shaggable etymology shag + -able
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) Worthy of shag; fuckable.
    • 2002, Val McDermid, The Wire in the Blood "Still think she's shaggable, Lee?" Di Earnshaw's thin mouth pursed. "Not unless you like singing falsetto."
etymology 1 From Old English sceacgede, from sceacga
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (rare) Having or covered with shaggy hair.
  2. (obsolete) Unkempt; clothed in rags; ragged.
  3. (obsolete) Of garments and fabrics: having a rough or long nap.
  4. Covered with scrub, trees, or rough or shaggy growth.
  5. Jagged; having a rough, uneven surface.
  6. Of hair: long; rough; shaggy.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of shag
etymology 2 Origin uncertain. Perhaps related to fagged or to shag
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (vulgar) Extremely tired
shagger {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who shag.
    1. One who has sexual intercourse.
      • 1997, , Issues 6061-6069, [http//|%22shaggers%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Hu2CTuRKp-&sig=Dtug6Fc7yK09cPjkkyvYDn_gPW8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=HKRBUMWTCeSSiQf9nIDwBg&redir_esc=y page 74], …deracinated German, ace journalist and communist spy, compulsive cocktail drinker and serial shagger: the agent of penetration par excellence is engaging in sexual congress with a secretary from the German embassy in the Japanese capital.
      • 2006, , Richard Hill: The Autobiography, [http//|%22shaggers%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=wtrBu4qmP5&sig=Y7KUYM73jnv1vl_59GQG97yUE9o&hl=en&sa=X&ei=HKRBUMWTCeSSiQf9nIDwBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], ‘What do you want to be remembered for, being the best shaggers and drinkers or the best rugby players?’
      • 2007, , Oliver Harvey, Who Ate All the Pies?: The Life and Times of Mick Quinn, [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=sJAfuznnTv&sig=m4RoAStnNA9oK7mKZfMIC20Yuo4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=DMNBUKPdLPC8iAeErYC4Cg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 69], There would be card schools, too, and when we overnighted the shaggers among the lads would be sniffing after everything in a skirt.
    2. One who catches and returns a ball, usually out of play; one who fetches played balls; one who fetches shot game.
      • 1980, Ken Dugan, Secrets of Coaching Championship Baseball, [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=yxm4ZSGHPd&sig=sNqtmmFUQHOey758ocg9kVMIEl0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2bRBUJ7qIO-QiQfz3ICADg&redir_esc=y page 24], The shagger is placed in this position to avoid the danger of his being hit by a batted ball.
      • 1983, Bob Brister, Doves Galore, , [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=H2g7RHARde&sig=Hek3oDE6DsM_dJ1shTQrN8LvVuI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2bRBUJ7qIO-QiQfz3ICADg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 61], As we arrived at the grainfield a covey of little Mexican boys swarmed in from all directions, waving and yelling and climbing on the bumpers, vying for jobs as bird shaggers. Birds were darting low over the vehicles and somebody got excited and started shooting right there, bringing the kids racing for the fallen birds, because whoever got one had a job for sure.
      • 1995, Mario Pagnoni, Gerald Robinson, Softball: Fast and Slow Pitch, [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=jz3FiYjf9r&sig=2UPi7pw5wNMLVpQVI-pysn1j4dY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2bRBUJ7qIO-QiQfz3ICADg&redir_esc=y page 100], As soon as the outfielder releases the throw to the shagger, a second ball is fungoed and the fielder must react quickly,….
      • 2011, Jim McLean, Tom McCarthy, The Complete Hogan: A Shot-by-Shot Analysis of Golf′s Greatest Swing, [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=DVGNUy3lRg&sig=uRaUlG3jYlwG27A8KKaXHsCFV4Q&hl=en&sa=X&ei=DMNBUKPdLPC8iAeErYC4Cg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], He always had a shagger, a caddy who put the shag bag right in front of his feet.
  2. One who dances the shag; a jazz dancer.
    • 2012, Renee Wright, Myrtle Beach & South Carolina′s Grand Strand, Explorer′s Guides, [http//|%22shaggers%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=KkDkgD0bHb&sig=4CMXbIyg1wp12_kgVWIxFz2pxGc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2bRBUJ7qIO-QiQfz3ICADg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shagger%22|%22shaggers%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], The first gathering proved so successful that SOS has expanded to a year-round schedule of events, including annual ten-day Spring Safaris and Fall Migrations, attracting up to 10,000 shaggers at a time, plus weekend gatherings in winter and summer.
  3. (UK, Australia, colloquial, slang) A popular person; also used as an epithet.
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of shag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, vulgar, slang) an act of sexual intercourse
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A promiscuous male.
shagless etymology shag + less
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, slang) Without sexual intercourse.
    • Peter Jaggs, Blundering Around Isaan (page 83) Consequently, as I didn't much fancy shagging someone's granny or risking getting arrested by hitting on a schoolgirl ― indisputably gorgeous though some of them were ― I had gone shagless for the past few months.
    • 2012, Jack Jacoby, The Biggest Joke Book Ever (page 203) If you get some chain letter that's threatening to leave you shagless or luckless for the rest of your life, delete it.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, archaic) The unkempt and ragged part of the community. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
shagtastic etymology shag + tastic. Popularized by the movies.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) brilliant, with implications of sexual intercourse.
    • {{quote-news }}
    • 2008, Mike Parker, Neighbours from Hell (page 28) Hinting at sexual extravagance might have caused outrage and disgust in the mid 1800s, but in the shagtastic twenty-first century, it's a certificate of honour.
shake {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈʃeɪk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}} (one pronunciation)
etymology From Middle English schaken, from Old English sceacan, scacan. from Proto-Germanic *skakaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keg-, *(s)kek-. Cognate with Scots schake, schack, West Frisian schaekje, Dutch schaken, Low German schaken and schacken, Swedish skaka, Dutch schokken, Russian скакать 〈skakatʹ〉. More at shock.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, ergative) To cause (something) to move rapidly in opposite directions alternatingly. exampleThe earthquake shook the building. exampleHe shook the can of soda for thirty seconds before delivering it to me, so that, when I popped it open, soda went everywhere.
  2. (transitive) To move (one's head) from side to side, especially to indicate a negative. exampleShaking his head, he kept repeating "No, no, no".
  3. (transitive) To move or remove by agitating; to throw off by a jolting or vibrating motion. exampleto shake fruit down from a tree
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Shake off the golden slumber of repose.
    • John Bunyan (1628-1688) I could scarcely shake him out of my company.
  4. (transitive) To disturb emotionally; to shock. exampleher father's death shook her terribly;  he was shaken by what had happened
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. (transitive) To lose, evade, or get rid of (something). exampleI can't shake the feeling that I forgot something.
  6. (intransitive) To move from side to side. exampleShe shook with grief.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 23 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.”
  7. (intransitive, usually as "shake on") To shake hands. exampleOK, let's shake on it.
  8. (intransitive) To dance. exampleShe was shaking it on the dance floor.
  9. To give a tremulous tone to; to trill. exampleto shake a note in music
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of shaking something. The cat gave the mouse a shake.
  2. A milkshake.
  3. A beverage made by adding ice cream to a (usually carbonated) drink; a float.
  4. Shake cannabis, small, leafy fragments of cannabis that gather at the bottom of a bag of marijuana.
  5. (building material) A thin shingle.
  6. A crack or split between the growth rings in wood.
  7. A fissure in rock or earth.
  8. (informal) Instant, second. (Especially in two shakes.)
    • {{RQ:Wodehouse Offing}}
  9. (nautical) One of the staves of a hogshead or barrel taken apart. {{rfquotek}}
  10. (music) A rapid alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill.
  11. A shook of stave and heading. {{rfquotek}}
  12. (UK, dialect) The redshank, so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.
{{Webster 1913}}
  • hakes
shakedown Alternative forms: shake-down etymology shake + down, from the phrase "shake down".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Extortion, especially through blackmail What is this, a shakedown?
  2. (slang) A thorough search; a frisk
  3. A trial or test period, especially of a ship or aircraft
  4. An improvised bed.
    • 1915, , "": "You'd better lie down for a bit. I expect you're about done up." -- "There's nowhere for me to lie down, sir," he answered, and there was in his voice a humbleness which was very distressing. -- "Don't you know anyone in the house who'll give you a shakedown?" -- "No, sir."
adjective: {{head}}
  1. that test the performance of a ship or aircraft
shake hands with the unemployed etymology Possibly British or Australian in origin; a jocular reference to the penis (which is used in the act of urination or masturbation) being "unemployed", i.e. not used for sexual activity. For the "masturbation" meaning, some sources credit American comedian George Carlin (1937–2008) with the quote "Masturbation is shaking hands with the unemployed" (e.g. Geoff Tibals (2012), The Mammoth Book of Comic Quotes, Constables and Robinson, page 385), though it is not clear when Carlin may have said this.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, euphemistic, slang) To urinate.
    • 1975, E. E. LeMasters, Blue-collar Aristocrats: Life-styles at a Working-class Tavern, University of Wisconsin Press, pages 103–104 An older man made this remark when he left the bar to urinate: "Well, I'll go back and shake hands with the unemployed." Since he was heading for the men's room I didn't get the significance of this statement for a minute or so; it was, of course, a reference to sexual inactivity.
  2. (idiomatic, euphemistic, slang) To masturbate.
    • 1993, Seattle Sal: Grunge Jokes, S.P. Books, page 43: Why did the preppie boy make a great social worker? He had a lot of practice shaking hands with the unemployed.
shake it
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To dance.
  • shitake
shallowpate etymology shallow + pate
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) One whose thinking is shallow or superficial.
shambolic etymology 1970.{{R:Merriam Webster Online}}[ Shambolic] [[w:Oxford English Dictionary|Oxford Dictionaries Online]] shambles + ic, plus interconsonantal -o-, to avoid /mbl/ consonant cluster. pronunciation
  • (RP)
    • ʃæm.ˈbɒl.ɪk
  • (AusE)
    • ʃæm.ˈbɔl.ɪk
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, Australian, slang) chaotic, disorganised or mismanaged
    • 2000, China Miéville, Perdido Street Station: exampleThe pub was empty of all but the most dedicated drinkers, shambolic figures huddled over bottles.
related terms:
  • sham
  • shambles
shampoo {{wikipedia}} etymology From Hindi चाँपो 〈cām̐pō〉, imperative form of चाँपना 〈cām̐panā〉, from the Sanskrit root चपयति 〈capayati〉. pronunciation
  • (US) /ʃæmˈpu/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A traditional Indian and Persian body massage given after pouring warm water over the body and rubbing it with extract from herb.
  2. A commercial liquid soap product for wash hair or other fibres/fibers, such as carpet.
  3. An instance of washing the hair or other fibres with shampoo. I’m going to give the carpet a shampoo.
  4. (humorous, slang) Champagne (wine).
Synonyms: (instance of washing hair/fibres with shampoo) shampooing, (champagne) bubbly, champers, fizz
  • German: Shampoo
  • Spanish: shampoo, champú
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To wash one's own hair with shampoo. My neat-freak of a friend has been compulsively shampooing for every bath he has taken.
  2. (transitive) To wash (i.e. the hair, carpet, etc.) with shampoo.
  3. (transitive) To press or knead the whole surface of the body of (a person), and at the same time to stretch the limbs and joints, in connection with the hot bath.
  • oompahs
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, Ireland, humorous, derogatory) A vehicle; a carriage or cart.
{{Webster 1913}}
shank {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English shanke, from Old English sceanca, from Proto-Germanic *skankô (compare West Frisian skonk, Low German Schanke, Dutch/German Schenkel 'shank, leg', Norwegian skank), from *skankaz (compare Old Norse skakkr 'wry, crooked'), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)keng (compare Middle Irish scingim 'I spring', Ancient Greek skázein 'to limp'). pronunciation
  • /ʃæŋk/
  • (US) /ʃeɪŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Bad.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The part of the leg between the knee and the ankle.
    • Shakespeare His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide / For his shrunk shank.
  2. Meat from that part of an animal.
  3. A straight, narrow part of an object, such as a key or an anchor; shaft; stem.
  4. The handle of a pair of shears, connecting the ride to the neck.
  5. The center part of a fishhook between the eye and the hook, the 'hook' being the curved part that bends toward the point.
  6. A protruding part of an object, by which it is or can be attached.
  7. The metal part on a curb bit that falls below the mouthpiece of the bit, which length controls the severity of the leverage action of the bit, and to which the reins of the bridle are attached.
  8. (sports) A poorly played golf shot in which the ball is struck by the part of the club head that connects to the shaft. See thin,fat,toe.
  9. (slang) An improvised stabbing weapon.
  10. Any of several species of Old World wading bird in the genus Tringa that are primarily distinguished by their brightly colored legs.
  11. A loop forming an eye to a button.
  12. (architecture) The space between two channel of the Doric triglyph. {{rfquotek}}
  13. (metalworking) A large ladle for molten metal, fitted with long bars for handling it.
  14. (printing, dated) The body of a type.
  15. (shoemaking) The part of the sole beneath the instep connecting the broader front part with the heel.
  16. Flat-nosed pliers, used by opticians for nipping off the edges of pieces of glass to make them round.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (archaic, Ulster) to travel on foot
  2. (slang) to stab, especially with an improvised blade
  3. (slang) to remove another's trousers, especially in jest; to depants
  4. (transitive, chiefly, golf, football) to hit or kick the ball in an unintended direction
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. (intransitive) To fall off, as a leaf, flower, or capsule, on account of disease affecting the supporting footstalk; usually followed by off. {{rfquotek}}
  • ankhs, hanks, khans, Naskh
shanty pronunciation
  • /ˈʃænti/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From cf chantier.
  • (unlicenced pub) New Zealand from 1848.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A roughly-built hut or cabin.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “A chap named Eleazir Kendrick and I had chummed in together the summer afore and built a fish-weir and shanty at Setuckit Point, down Orham way. For a spell we done pretty well.”
    • 1965 January, Stuart James, Angling′s New Gadgets, Popular Mechanics, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Y3TtL6khFD&sig=UlZYSmCN3g4Foa3AGFFD8RZRGgs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fCVDULCVBO-4iAfj3YCwDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 224], The ice fishing shanty is not a necessity, but it does add to the comfort. A shanty can be any size or shape, four pieces of plywood banged together with a plywood roof, or as elaborate as one I was told about by a Minneapolis fisherman that has four rooms with gas heat and wall-to-wall carpeting.
    • 1999 January, Lawrence Pyne, In Vermont: Rental Shanties Give Hassle-Free Ice-Fishing, , [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Hc2I8ipIB2&sig=b0TiYGfyB7MDCZFldpuJxmYLd0E&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 78], The solution is to use ice-fishing shacks, called shanties on Champlain. Every winter, veritable shanty towns spring up as safe ice develops, and their snug occupants harvest fresh meals of perch, pike, walleye, salmon, trout, and smelt without first being flash-frozen themselves.
    • 2000, Craig A. Gilborn, Adirondack Camps: Homes Away from Home, 1850-1950, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=LXLOULCv4T&sig=_agFSfFQQz12sqvH3AqBlB9LYNA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 51], Shanties are the most interesting and original of early housing in the Adirondacks.…Bark for roofs and even walls on occasion seems to be an attribute of the shanty. Large shanties at staging grounds in the woods included bunkhouses holding one to three dozen men, so not all shanties were small.
  2. A rudimentary or improvised dwelling, especially one not legally owned.
    • 2003, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, The Challenge of Slums: Global Report on Human Settlements 2003, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=ooo9XutFVC&sig=AJyKQbrxQwkLvhNMKfdtBtKSHJU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 208], Shanties along canal banks and road reserves have emerged since independence in 1948 onwards, and consist of unauthorized and improvised shelter without legal rights of occupancy of the land and structures.
    • 2005, Stephen Codrington, Planet Geography, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=oVZE4FZuZm&sig=--6pIhI9_UCpN6XFMHshgTOdLac&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 481], A few governments recognise the shanties as a form of self-help housing that places very little burden upon government funds. Such governments sometimes encourage shanty development by providing water, electricity and garbage collection services.
    • 2009, James E. Casto, The Great Ohio River Flood of 1937, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Q_zQCkCcaU&sig=QXqMIT20nq55cekA5wxri5IkY2Q&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 83], In the hard times of the 1930s, shanty boats along the Ohio River′s banks were home to many families, who felt fortunate to have a roof over their heads even if it was not on dry land.
  3. (Australia, New Zealand) An unlicenced pub.
    • 1881, Henry W. Nesfield, A Chequered Career; Or, Fifteen years in Australia and New Zealand, [http//|%22shanties%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=CunLQUZSYy&sig=Tao2LkFJxriE7iStg_0KSblnF_8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_zZDUPLVFI-ZiAeN9YCwDA&redir_esc=y page 351], The shanty-keeper is not, as a rule, a bachelor.
Synonyms: (roughly built hut or cabin) shack, (rudimentary dwelling), (unlicenced pub) speakeasy
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, pejorative) Living in shanties; poor, ill-mannered and violent. That neighborhood is full of shanty Irishmen.
    • 1963, William V. Shannon, The Irish of the middle class were trying to live down the opprobrium derived from the brawling, hard-drinking, and raffish manners of the “shanty Irish” of an earlier generation. The shanty Irish might in some instances have been the individual′s own grandmother who did, indeed, smoke a clay pipe and keep a goat in what, foty years later, became Central Park. Or shanty Irish might be those fellow Irish who at the turn of the century still lived in slums and were poor, hard-drinking, and contentious.
Applied to poor Irish immigrants, from the mid-1800s.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To inhabit a shanty. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 From French chantez, imperative of chanter.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sailor′s work song.
    • 1979, Stan Hugill, Shanties from the Seven Seas: Shipboard Work-songs and Songs Used as Work-songs from the Great Days of Sail, [http//|%22shanties%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=foIjnxpP6x&sig=V35zkKImEWFVfHOlAMj_nYaqNdI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_zZDUPLVFI-ZiAeN9YCwDA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20australia%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 192], A Scot called Macmillan, a man holding a master's square-rig ticket, gave me a portion of a shanty related in tune to the foregoing, and also to the British Rolling Home.
    • 1997, Jan Ling, A History of European Folk Music, [http//|%22shanties%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=Y7HuvReT8S&sig=0DuIT9ekBnGGI-9D3XSB3uzYgLY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jPlCUIgSqKKIB7XfgKAC&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shanty%22|%22shanties%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 41], Today, shanties are a special feature of the folk music movement. The first International Shanty Festival, Shanty ′87, was held in 1987 in Krakow, Poland, with Stan Hugill, the “godfather of the shanty,” in attendance (see Folk Roots, September 1987, No. 51, “Hugill-Mania! Stan Hugill Godfather of the Shanty Mafia, Goes to Poland,” p.33ff.).
etymology 3
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. jaunty; showy
{{Webster 1913}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a gathering of labourer, where employer hire them for day jobs.
sharer etymology share + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who share.
  2. (informal) A dish at a restaurant, etc. intended to be shared between several people. Can we order the seafood platter as a sharer?
  • rasher
sharesies etymology share + sies.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish) The situation where something is share.
related terms:
  • halfsies
sharia lawyer
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A qadi
shark {{wikipedia}} {{wikispecies}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ʃɑɹk/
  • (RP) /ʃɑːk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 First attested in the 1560s, the word meaning 'scaleless fish' is of uncertain origin: it was apparently brought to England, with a specimen, by . The word may derive from the yua xoc, or it may be an application of the "scoundrel" sense (which derives from the German Schurke) to the fish; no explanation is agreed upon.[] Alternative forms: sharke (obsolete)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A scaleless, predatory fish of the superorder Selachimorpha, with a cartilaginous skeleton and 5 to 7 gill slits on each side of its head.
    • 1569, The true discripcion of this marueilous straunge Fishe, whiche was taken on Thursday was sennight, the xvi. day of June, this present month, in the yeare of our Lord God, M.D.lxix., a broadside printed in London, the earliest known use of the term; reprinted in A Collection of Seventy-Nine Black-Letter Ballads and Broadsides: printed in the reigh of Queen Elizabeth, between the years 1559 and 1597 in 1867: The straunge fishe is in length xvij. foote and iij. foote broad, and in compas about the bodie vj. foote; and is round snowted, short headdid, hauing iij. rankes of teeth on either iawe, [...]. Also it hath v. gills of eache side of the head, shoing white. Ther is no proper name for it that I know, but that sertayne men of Captayne Haukinses doth call it a sharke.
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. Someone who exploit others, for example by trickery, lie, usury, extortion.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 7 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , ““[…] Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing. Oh, dear, there's so much to tell you, so many warnings to give you, but all that must be postponed for the moment.””
Synonyms: (scaleless cartilaginous fish) haye (obsolete)
etymology 2 From the German Schurke.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) A sleazy and amoral lawyer; an ambulance chaser.
  2. (informal) A relentless and resolute person or group, especially in business.
  3. (informal) A very good poker or pool player.
  4. (sports and games) A person who feign ineptitude to win money from others.
Synonyms: (player who feigns ineptitude to win money) hustler
  • The use of the term by people unfamiliar with pool is rarely well perceived by experienced players.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To steal or obtain through fraud.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To play the petty thief; to practice fraud or trickery; to swindle.
    • Bishop Earle Neither sharks for a cup or a reckoning.
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) To live by shift and stratagem. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 3 Perhaps from the noun, or perhaps related to shear.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To pick or gather indiscriminately or covertly.
    • Shakespeare, Hamlet I.i. Fortinbras … Hath … Sharked up a list of lawless resolutes.
  • harks
shark bait Alternative forms: shark-bait (attributive use)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: shark, bait
    • 1999, Pat Slater, Amazing Facts about Australia, page 48, The Australian Sea-lions at Seal Bay, Kangaroo lsland, had almost been wiped out by killing for shark bait when a conservation reserve was proclaimed in 1954.
    • 2003, Jimmie Dean Coy, Valor: A Gathering of Eagles, page 126, I thought, “What a way to go. After all I′ve been through, I′m going to check out as a hunk of shark bait."
    • 2006, Donald E. Biederman, et al., Law And Business of the Entertainment Industries, Fifth Edition, [http//|%22shark+baiter%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=A2Yete5eta&sig=R-9df_BCrPOgU2U-rS9qeqdkYeQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=1UtDUP6zN-qYiAfL64GQDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shark%20bait%22|%22shark%20baiter%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 312], In “Great White” a local newsman and his cameraman, in order to obtain publicity, decide to lower raw meat off the pier as shark bait.
  2. (jocular) One who has been or is likely to be attacked by a shark.
    • 2001, Gordon Korman, Island, Book I: Shipwreck, [http//|%22shark+baiter%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&source=bl&ots=IvNJwm9buH&sig=eomK2A7aW9TUgi5sncr3IbqU4hw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=1UtDUP6zN-qYiAfL64GQDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22shark%20bait%22|%22shark%20baiter%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 118], When Ian informed Will that it was his turn for shark-bait position, he was told, “You know, Lyssa came in second in chess club, but she lost to Seth Birnbaum in the final.” By unspoken agreement, Luke, Ian, and Charla stopped asking Will to take his turn dangling in the ocean.
  3. (Australian, colloquial) A lone swimmer or surfer far from shore, a shark baiter.
Synonyms: (swimmer far from shore) shark baiter
shark baiter
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: shark, baiter
  2. (Australian, colloquial) A lone swimmer or surfer far from shore; shark bait.
    • 1912, Arthur Wright, Rung In, pages 34-5, quoted in G. A. Wilkes, A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms, It might be only some foolhardy ‘shark baiter’ as he heard the more adventuresome of the bathers called.
    • 1964, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (Australia) Division of Fisheries, et al., Fisheries Newsletter, Volume 23, page 26, Solitary bathers are more often attacked than groups, Mr. Whitley says, but the “shark-baiter” farthest offshore is not necessarily the one selected.
shark week etymology A jocular reference to Shark Week, an annual week-long marathon of shark-related programming on Discovery Channel, which, like a menstrual period, is bloody.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, humorous) The week a woman menstruate.
    • 2008, Coco Tanaka, "Shark Week!", LA CityBeat, Volume 6, Number 36, 4 September 2008 - 10 September 2008, page 17: There are several ways to green your Shark Week, ranging from bare-minimum "shucks, why not?" consciousness to Burning Man aggro hippie.
    • 2012, Dan Savage, "Hotel room clean-up", Now (Toronto), Volume 31, Number 29, 15 March 2012 - 21 March 2012, page 102: If you've booked a hotel room, STAIN, and it's shark week for the wife, or a certain former senator drops in (drops out?) when you have anal sex, there's always the option of bringing your own santorum- and/or menstrual-blood-coloured/stained towels from home.
    • 2014, Michael Walsh, "Christening the backyard," Catalyst Magazine (RMIT University), Volume 70, Issue 2, April 2014, page 43: Imagine my shock at discovering what those little bins with the flaps in bathrooms were really for, or that when girls mentioned shark week they didn't mean there was a Jaws marathon on SBS.
sharky etymology shark + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of a shark.
    • 2004, Jay Verney, Percussion (page 137) He smiled a sharky smile.
    • {{quote-news}}
sharp {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English scharp, from Old English scearp, from Proto-Germanic *skarpaz (compare West Frisian skerp, Low German scharp, Dutch scherp, German scharf, Danish skarp), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kerb(h) (compare Irish cearb 'keen; cutting', Latin acerbus 'tart, bitter', Tocharian B kärpye 'rough', Latvian skârbs 'sharp, rough', Russian щерба 〈ŝerba〉 'notch', Albanian harb 'rudeness'), from *(s)ker-. More at shear. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ʃɑɹp/
  • (RP) /ʃɑːp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Able to cut easily. exampleI keep my knives sharp so that they don't slip unexpectedly while carving.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  2. (colloquial) Intelligent. exampleMy nephew is a sharp lad; he can count to 100 in six languages, and he's only five years old.
    • {{quote-news}}
  3. Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse or rounded. exampleErnest made the pencil too sharp and accidentally stabbed himself with it. examplea sharp hill;  a face with sharp features
  4. (music) Higher than usual by one semitone (denoted by the symbol 〈♯〉 after the name of the note).
  5. (music) Higher in pitch than required. exampleThe orchestra's third violin several times was sharp about an eighth of a tone.
  6. Having an intense, acrid flavour. exampleMilly couldn't stand sharp cheeses when she was pregnant, because they made her nauseated.
  7. Sudden and intense. exampleA pregnant woman during labor normally experiences a number of sharp contractions.
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} She wakened in sharp panic, bewildered by the grotesquerie of some half-remembered dream in contrast with the harshness of inclement fact.
  8. (colloquial) Illegal or dishonest. exampleMichael had a number of sharp ventures that he kept off the books.
  9. (colloquial) Keenly or unduly attentive to one's own interests; shrewd. examplea sharp dealer;  a sharp customer
    • Jonathan Swift (1667–1745) the necessity of being so sharp and exacting
  10. Exact, precise, accurate; keen. exampleYou'll need sharp aim to make that shot.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  11. {{senseid}}Offensive, critical, or acrimonious. examplesharp criticism;  When the two rivals met, first there were sharp words, and then a fight broke out.
  12. (colloquial) Stylish or attractive. exampleYou look so sharp in that tuxedo!
  13. Observant; alert; acute. exampleKeep a sharp watch on the prisoners. I don't want them to escape!
  14. Forming a small angle; especially, forming an angle of less than ninety degree. exampleDrive down Main for three quarters of a mile, then make a sharp right turn onto Pine.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I, The street down which Warwick had come intersected Front Street at a sharp angle in front of the old hotel, forming a sort of flatiron block at the junction, known as Liberty Point
  15. Steep; precipitous; abrupt. examplea sharp ascent or descent;  a sharp turn or curve
  16. (mathematics, of a statement) Said of as extreme a value as possible. exampleSure, any planar graph can be five-colored. But that result is not sharp: in fact, any planar graph can be four-colored. That is sharp: the same can't be said for any lower number.
  17. (chess) Tactical; risky.
    • 1963, Max Euwe, Chess Master Vs. Chess Amateur (page xviii) Time and time again, the amateur player has lost the opportunity to make the really best move because he felt bound to follow some chess "rule" he had learned, rather than to make the sharp move which was indicated by the position.
    • 1975, Luděk Pachman, Decisive Games in Chess History (page 64) In such situations most chess players choose the obvious and logical way: they go in for sharp play. However, not everyone is a natural attacking player…
  18. Piercing; keen; severe; painful. examplea sharp pain;  the sharp and frosty winter air
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Sharp misery had worn him to the bones.
    • William Cowper (1731-1800) the morning sharp and clear
    • John Keble (1792-1866) in sharpest perils faithful proved
  19. Eager or keen in pursuit; impatient for gratification. examplea sharp appetite
  20. (obsolete) Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetuous.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) in sharp contest of battle
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) A sharp assault already is begun.
  21. Composed of hard, angular grains; gritty. examplesharp sand {{rfquotek}}
  22. (phonetics, dated) Uttered in a whisper, or with the breath alone; aspirated; unvoiced.
Synonyms: (able to cut easily) keen, razor, razor-sharp, (intelligent) brainy, bright, intelligent, keen, smart, witty, (able to pierce easily) pointed, (having an intense and acrid flavour) acrid, pungent, (sudden and intense) abrupt, acute, stabbing, (illegal, dishonest) dishonest, dodgy, illegal, illicit, underhand, (accurate) accurate, exact, keen, precise, (critical) acrimonious, bitter, cutting, harsh, hostile, nasty, (stylish, attractive) chic, elegant, smart, stylish, (observant) acute, alert, keen, observant, sharp-eyed
  • (able to cut easily) blunt, dull
  • (intelligent) dim, dim-witted, slow, slow-witted, thick
  • (able to pierce easily) blunt
  • (higher than usual by one semitone) flat
  • (music: higher in pitch than required) flat
  • (having an intense and acrid flavour) bland, insipid, tasteless
  • (sudden and intense) dull
  • (illegal, dishonest) above-board, honest, legit, legitimate, reputable
  • (accurate) inaccurate, imprecise
  • (critical) complimentary, flattering, friendly, kind, nice
  • (stylish, attractive) inelegant, scruffy, shabby
  • (observant) unobservant
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. To a point or edge; piercingly; eagerly; sharply. {{rfquotek}}
    • Shakespeare You bite so sharp at reasons.
  2. (notcomp) Exactly. I'll see you at twelve o'clock sharp.
  3. (music) In a higher pitch than is correct or desirable. I didn't enjoy the concert much because the tenor kept going sharp on the high notes.
Synonyms: (exactly) exactly, on the dot (of time), precisely
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) The symbol ♯, placed after the name of a note in the key signature or before a note on the staff to indicate that the note is to be played a semitone higher. The pitch pipe sounded out a perfect F♯ (F sharp). Transposition frequently is harder to read because of all the sharps and flats on the staff.
  2. (music) A note that is played a semitone higher than usual; denoted by the name of the note that is followed by the symbol ♯.
  3. (music) A note that is sharp in a particular key. The piece was difficult to read after it had been transposed, since in the new key many notes were sharps.
  4. (music) The scale having a particular sharp note as its tonic. Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" is written in C♯ minor (C sharp minor.)
  5. (usually, in the plural) Something that is sharp. Place sharps in the specially marked red container for safe disposal.
  6. A sharp tool or weapon.
    • Collier If butchers had but the manners to go to sharps, gentlemen would be contented with a rubber at cuffs.
  7. (medicine) A hypodermic syringe.
  8. (medicine, dated) A scalpel or other edged instrument used in surgery.
  9. A dishonest person; a cheater. The casino kept in the break room a set of pictures of known sharps for the bouncers to see.
  10. Part of a stream where the water runs very rapidly. {{rfquotek}}
  11. A sewing needle with a very slender point, more pointed than a blunt or a between.
  12. (in the plural) middlings
  13. (slang, dated) An expert.
  14. A sharpie (member of Australian gangs of the 1960s and 1970s).
    • 2006, Iain McIntyre, Tomorrow Is Today: Australia in the Psychedelic Era, 1966-1970 The Circle was one of the few dances the older sharps frequented; mostly they were to be found in pubs, pool-halls or at the track.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (music) To raise the pitch of a note half a step making a natural note a sharp. That new musician must be tone deaf: he sharped half the notes of the song!
  2. To play tricks in bargaining; to act the sharper. {{rfquotek}}
  • harps
sharp as a tack
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (simile, colloquial) very intelligent
    • 1999, Tina Koch et al., Still Me, Wakefield Press, pages 148 : When Mum died at nintey she was still as sharp as a tack. Everything else wore out.
sharpish etymology sharp + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Somewhat sharp (sudden, abrupt). The car made a sharpish turn.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) Rapidly, soon. You'd better mend your ways sharpish!
sharpster etymology sharp + ster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A swindler; someone who is adept at con others; a con artist.
Synonyms: sharper
shart etymology From a {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, colloquial, vulgar) the release of feces, often unintentionally, during flatulation.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, vulgar) to emit fecal material at the moment of flatulation; to defecate slightly while farting; to shit and fart at the same time
shattered pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of shatter
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. physically broken into pieces
  2. emotionally defeated or dispirited
    • 2000 Lionel Robbins, A history of economic thought: the LSE lectures, Princeton University Press, p221 Well, she died after seven years of marriage, and Mill thought that he was shattered, and shattered no doubt he was, in the sense of this absolutely irreparable emotional loss.
    • 2000 Nellie McHenry, Forbidden Dreams of Love, chapter 26 She refused to see him for two days. He was shattered. He sent his apologies.
    • 2010 Mary Alice Beasley, Shattered Lens: A Tale of Domestic Violence and Redemption Through Love, AuthorHouse, p261 Yes, he had gotten his revenge for my rejection. I was shattered but remained silent.
  3. (British, colloquial) extremely tired or exhausted I stayed up all night working, and now I'm completely shattered.
shatting on one's uppers etymology From variant of shitting + uppers.
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (US slang) Completely out of money; broke. {{defdate}}
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 188: ‘She has to blow and she's shatting on her uppers. She figures the peeper can get her some dough.’
shave pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ʃeɪv/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English shaven, schaven, from Old English scafan, from Proto-Germanic *skabaną, from Proto-Indo-European *skÀbʰ-, *skabʰ-. Cognate with Western Frisian skave, Dutch schaven, Low German schaven, German schaben, Danish skave, Swedish skava, Icelandic skafa.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make bald by using a tool such as a razor or pair of electric clippers to cut the hair close to the skin.
  2. (transitive) To cut anything in this fashion.
    • The labourer with the bending scythe is seen / Shaving the surface of the waving green.
  3. (intransitive) To remove hair from one's face by this means. I had little time to shave this morning.
  4. (transitive) To cut finely, as with slices of meat.
  5. To skim along or near the surface of; to pass close to, or touch lightly, in passing.
    • Milton Now shaves with level wing the deep.
    • 1899, , , … I watched for sunken stones; I was learning to clap my teeth smartly before my heart flew out, when I shaved by a fluke some infernal sly old snag that would have ripped the life out of the tin–pot steamboat and drowned all the pilgrims; …
  6. (archaic, transitive) To be hard and severe in a bargain with; to practice extortion on; to cheat.
  7. (US, slang, dated, transitive) To buy (a note) at a discount greater than the legal rate of interest, or to deduct in discounting it more than the legal rate allows.
etymology 2 Old English sceafa
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An instance of shaving. I instructed the barber to give me a shave.
  2. A thin slice; a shaving. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (US, slang, dated) An exorbitant discount on a note.
  4. (US, slang, dated) A premium paid for an extension of the time of delivery or payment, or for the right to vary a stock contract in any particular. {{rfquotek}}
  5. A hand tool consisting of a sharp blade with a handle at each end; a spokeshave.
  • haves
shaver {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}
    • (UK) /ˈʃeɪvə/
    • (US) /ˈʃeɪvɚ/, [ˈʃeɪ̯vɚ]
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology {{-er}} In its meaning of a young man, recorded since 1592, the word shaver has also been postulated to derive from the Romany chhavo 'young man', which also gives us the modern slang chav, ultimately derived from the Sanskrit chhaapaa 'infant' (human or animal)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who shave.
  2. A barber, one whose occupation is to shave.
  3. A tool or machine for shaving; an electric razor.
  4. (slang, obsolete) One who is close in bargains; a sharper. {{rfquotek}}
  5. One who fleece; a pillager; a plunderer.
    • Knolles By these shavers the Turks were stripped.
  6. (colloquial) A boy; a lad; a little fellow.
    • Charles Dickens As I have mentioned at the door to this young shaver, I am on a chase in the name of the king.
  • havers
shawarma {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: shaurma, shawirma, shoarma, shwarma etymology Arabic شاورما 〈sẖạwrmạ〉, from Turkish çevirme, from çevirmek."shawarma." *OED 2nd edition. 1989. (online)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A Middle Eastern sandwich-like wrap of shaved lamb, goat, chicken, turkey, beef, or a mixture thereof.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of the South Korean boy band SHINee.
    • 2011, Jaelle Hwang, "SHINee's First Concert in Singapore", Hallyu Magazine, Issue #1, page 29: A few lucky Shawols standing close to the stage were able to snap exclusive Polaroid pictures and fancams of the boys as they collected their gifts.
    • 2013, Lauren Tussey, "The Fashion Prodigy", The Network (Marian High School, Omaha, Nebraska), Volume 57, Issue 5, January 2013, page 10: “I'm a major Shawol [SHINee fan],” Lajba said.
    • 2014, "Shinee World Tour 3 Live in Jakarta", AsiaNews Magazine, 20 June 2014 - 26 June 2014, page 71 (approx.): Shawols will be lulled by the 24 songs including SHINee's hit songs like Replay, Lucifer, Sherlock {{…}}
shazbot etymology Popularised by the character Mork (played by Robin Williams) on the American television sitcom (1978).
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang) An excited utterance used to convey disappointment, particularly as a euphemism for shit.
    • {{quote-video }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{seemorecites}}
she {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English sche, hye, from earlier scho, hyo, ȝho, a phonetic development of Old English hēo, hīo, from Proto-Germanic *hijō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe- 〈*ḱe-〉, *ḱey- 〈*ḱey-〉. Cognate with English dialectal hoo, Scots scho, shu, Western Frisian hja, Northern Frisian , Danish hun, Swedish hon. More at he. Despite the similarity in appearance, the Old English feminine demonstrative sēo is probably not the source of Middle English forms in sch-. Rather, the sch- developed out of a change in stress upon hío resulting in hió, spelt ȝho (ȝh = , compare wh = hw, lh = hl, etc.), and the h was palatalised into the sh sound. Similar alteration can be seen the name Shetland, from Old Norse Hjaltland; ȝho is the immediate parent form of Middle English scho and sche. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ʃiː/
  • (US) /ʃi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. (personal) A female person or animal.
    • {{RQ:Spenser Faerie Queene}}, II.ix: Goodly she entertaind those noble knights, / And brought them vp into her castle hall [...].
    I asked Mary, but she said that she didn't know.
  2. (personal, sometimes affectionate) A ship. She could do forty knots in good weather. She is a beautiful boat, isn't she?
  3. (personal, affectionate) Another machine (besides a ship), such as a car. She only gets thirty miles to the gallon on the highway, but she's durable.
  4. (personal, nonstandard) He/she (used in a work, along with or in place of he, as an indefinite pronoun).
    • , Flow, 1990: Optimal experience is thus something that we make happen. For a child, it could be placing with trembling fingers the last block on a tower she has built, higher than any she has built so far; for a swimmer, it could be trying to beat his own record; for a violinist, mastering an intricate musical passage.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A female. Pat is definitely a she.
    • {{rfdate}} Shakespeare: And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare / As any she belied with false compare.
    • 2000, Sue V. Rosser, Building inclusive science volume 28, issues 1-2, page 189: A world where the hes are so much more common than the shes can hardly be seen as a welcoming place for women.
  • {{rank}}
  • esh, he's, HSE, hse, (s)he, SHE, s/he
she'll be apples etymology From rhyming slang - apples and spice = nice; compare she's apples. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, colloquial) Everything will be all right.
    • 1983, Neil Appleford, The Dish Licker, page 62, “She′ll be right,” Bob exuded a confidence much out of touch with the reality of the situation, “She′ll be apples.”
    • 1989, , , in Introducing the Honourable Phryne Fisher, Omnibus edition, page 31, The thought made him smile and he patted Cec on the shoulder. ‘She′ll be apples,’ he encouraged, and Cec took up his cup.
    • 1997, , The Chosen, page 318, ‘Will it hurt?’ Duke was a small republic of concern to Dot. ‘No way. Piece of cake. She′ll be apples.’
related terms:
  • she's apples
  • she'll be right
she'll be right {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ʃɪəl bi rʌɪt/
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, Australia, New Zealand, colloquial) OK, no problem, everything will be all right.
    • 1988, , Charades, page 77, So there′s shuffling, like, and a bit o′ coughing and spitting, and someone else says: ‘She′ll be right, mate. She′s on her way if you′ll hang on a tick. You′re at the party.’
    • 2001, , A New Kind of Dreaming, page 122, “Nah, she′ll be right. You go.” “You′ll have to start mixing with the others at some point, you know.” “It′s not just that, I got homework to do. Gotta catch up.”
    • 2010, Robin Easton, Naked in Eden: My Adventure and Awakening in the Australian Rainforest, page 77, In a whisper, I suggested to Ian that we reattach the winch cable to a tree in the clearing, but of course his reply was, “Naaahh, she′ll be right, mate.”
Synonyms: (everything will be all right) no probs, no worries (Australian), she'll be apples (Australian)
she's apples etymology From rhyming slang - apples and spice = nice. '''2004''' September 25, [[w:Radio National|Radio National]], ''[ Lingua Franca]
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) Everything is all right, or in good working order.
    • 1989, Bill Pearson Six Stories, page 28, The other saw Mama-san; ‘She’s apples, Frank! We don't have to go any further. Here's Mama-sa’ waiting to turn it on for us! Konichiwa, Mama-san,’ he said enticingly.
    • 1997, Lee Chittick, Terry Fox, Travelling with Percy: A South Coast Journey, page 94, I'm no good now, I'm burnt out. I was real good but only got one good and one bad one. My leg, look! That's it! But the other leg, she's apples. And that's how it is.
    • 2003, , The Touch, 2004, Large Print Press, page 541, Sam checked what Theodora had assembled, nodded and unearthed a blowtorch from his tool bag. “Thanks, Miss Jay, she's apples,” he said, beginning to fill the blowtorch's reservoir with spirits.
related terms:
  • she'll be apples
sheboon etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) an ugly or stupid black woman
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US, slang, of a woman) To masturbate.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An (adult) female cat.
Synonyms: female cat, queen (female cat)
coordinate terms:
  • she-dog
  • she-wolf
  • she-bear
  • she-tiger
  • he-cat
  • male cat
  • tom (male cat)
  • tomcat, tom-cat
  • carnivore
  • cat
  • felid
  • feliform
  • feline
  • feloid
shed pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ʃɛd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English sheden, scheden, schoden, from Old English scēadan, scādan, from Proto-Germanic *skaiþaną (compare West Frisian skiede, Dutch/German scheiden), from Proto-Indo-European *skēi-t-, zero grade of *skeh₁i-d 'to cut' (compare Welsh chwydu 'to break open', Lithuanian skíesti 'to separate', Old Church Slavonic чѣдити 〈čѣditi〉 'to filter, strain', Ancient Greek σχίζω 〈schízō〉, Old Armenian ցտեմ 〈cʻtem〉, Sanskrit च्यति 〈cyati〉 'he cuts off'). Related to shoad; shit.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, obsolete, UK, dialect) To part or divide. A metal comb shed her golden hair. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (ambitransitive) To part with, separate from, leave off; cast off, let fall, be divested of. You must shed your fear of the unknown before you can proceed. When we found the snake, it was in the process of shedding its skin.
    • Mortimer White oats are apt to shed most as they lie, and black as they stand.
    • 2012 November 2, Ken Belson, "," New York Times (retrieved 2 November 2012): She called on all the marathoners to go to Staten Island to help with the clean-up effort and to bring the clothes they would have shed at the start to shelters or other places where displaced people were in need.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To pour; to make flow.
    • Shakespeare Did Romeo's hand shed Tybalt's blood?
  4. (transitive) To allow to flow or fall. I didn't shed many tears when he left me. A tarpaulin sheds water.
  5. (transitive) To radiate, cast, give off (light); see also shed light on. Can you shed any light on this problem?
  6. (obsolete, transitive) To pour forth, give off, impart.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts II: Sence now that he by the right honde of god exalted is, and hath receaved off the father the promys off the holy goost, he hath sheed forthe that which ye nowe se and heare.
  7. (obsolete, intransitive) To fall in drops; to pour.
    • Chaucer Such a rain down from the welkin shadde.
  8. To sprinkle; to intersperse; to cover.
    • Ben Jonson Her hair … is shed with grey.
  9. (weaving) To divide, as the warp thread, so as to form a shed, or passageway, for the shuttle.
etymology 2 From Middle English schede, schode, schad, shæd, from Old English scēada, alteration of earlier *scǣdel, from Proto-Germanic *skaidilō. Cognate with Dutch schedel, German Scheitel. Alternative forms: shode (dialectal), shead, shede (obsolete)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (weaving) An area between upper and lower warp yarns through which the weft is woven.
  2. (obsolete) A distinction or dividing-line.
  3. (obsolete) A parting in the hair.
  4. (obsolete) An area of land as distinguished from those around it.
etymology 3 Variant of shade.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A slight or temporary structure built to shade or shelter something; a structure usually open in front; an outbuilding; a hut. a wagon shed; a wood shed; a garden shed
  2. (British, derogatory, informal) An automobile which is old, worn-out, slow, or otherwise of poor quality.
  3. (British, rail transportation) A locomotive.
  • heds
shedload Alternative forms: shed load pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈʃɛd.ləʊd/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, euphemistic) shitload; a large amount.

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