The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


A-bomb {{wikipedia}} etymology Shortened form of atomic bomb. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (always, capitalized) An atomic bomb; a weapon that derives its energy from nuclear reaction and has enormous destructive power.
Synonyms: atom bomb, atomic bomb, fission bomb, nuclear bomb, nuke (slang)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (always, capitalized) Atom-bomb; to bomb with an atom-bomb.
  • bomba
abominate etymology First attested in 1644. Perhaps a {{back-form}}.{{R:CDOE|page=4}} Alternatively, perhaps from ll abōminātus, past participle of abōminarī, from ab + ominari, from omin-.{{R:MW3 1976|page=5}} pronunciation
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  • (US) /əˈbɒm.əˌnəɪt/, /əˈbɒm.ɪˌnəɪt/
  • (adjective) (US) /ə.ˈbɒm.ə.ˌnəɪt/, /ə.ˈbɒm.ɪ.ˌnəɪt, /ə.ˈbɒm.ə.nət/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (rare) Abominable; detest. {{defdate}}{{R:SOED5|page=6}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To feel disgust towards; to abhor; to loathe or detest thoroughly; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread. {{defdate}}
    • "Much as I abominate writing, I would not give up Mr. Collins's correspondence for any consideration." (Pride and Prejudice)
  2. (transitive, colloquial) To dislike strongly. {{defdate}}
Synonyms: (to abhor) hate, abhor, loathe, detest, See also
related terms:
  • abomination
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. eye dialect of about
    • {{circa}} , “An Hiſtorical Account of the Trade Winds and Monſoons, obſervable in the Seas between and near the Tropicks, with an attempt to aſſign the Phyſical Cauſe of the ſaid Winds”, re-printed in Miſcellanea Curioſa: Containing a Collection of ſome of the Principal Phænomena in Nature, Accounted for by the Greateſt Philoſophers of this Age; Being the Moſt Valuable Diſcourses, Read and Delivered to the Royal Society, for the Advancement of Phyſical and Mathematical Knowledge, As alſo a Collection of Curious Travels, Voyages, Antiquities, and Natural Hiſtories of Countries; Preſented to the ſame Society, second edition, volume I, R. Smith (1708), page 65, The one is, why, notwithſtanding the narroweſt part of the Sea between Guinea and Brazile be aboot five hundred Leagues over, yet Ships bound to the Southward, ſometimes, eſpecially in the Months of July and August, find a great difficulty to paſs it.
    • 1889, , The Mystery of Cloomber, chapter 8, Maister Fothergill West and the meenister say that I maun tell all I can aboot General Heatherstone and his hoose, but that I maunna say muckle aboot mysel'.
    • 1926 August, , “From Missouri”, re-printed in The Lawless West, Dorchester Publishing (2007), ISBN 0843957875, page 12, “Heah he reads in a Kansas City paper aboot a schoolteacher wantin’ a job out in dry Arizonie. And he ups an’ writes her an’ gets her a-rarin’ to come. Then, when she writes an’ tells us she’s not over forty, then us quits like yellow coyotes. […]”
  • This spelling has been used to represent a variety of regional pronunciations, including certain Scottish pronunciations (standard in Scots and frequent in Scottish English), and certain Canadian pronunciations resulting from .
  • taboo
abortionist {{rft}} etymology abortion + ist. First attested in 1872.{{R:SOED5|page=7}} pronunciation
  • (US) /əˈbɔɹ.ʃə.nɪst/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now often historical) One who perform an illegal abortion in a non-medical setting (a back street, a hotel room, etc).
    • 2005, Paul Krassner, One Hand Jerking: Reports from an Investigative Satirist (ISBN 1583226966), page 24: In 1962, when abortion was still illegal, I published an anonymous interview with Dr. Robert Spencer, a humane abortionist who was known as “The Saint.”
    • 2009–2010, Roger Ebert, Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2010, review of 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days, page 146: Then she asks her to go first to meet the abortionist. Then she neglects to make a reservation at the hotel the abortionist specifies. That almost sinks the arrangement: The abortionist has experience suggesting that hotel will be a safe venue, and suspects he may be set up for a police trap.
  2. (chiefly, in anti-abortion discourse, pejorative) An abortion provider; one who perform a legal abortion.
    • Bioethical Dilemmas: A Jewish Perspective, 1, 277, 0881254738, J. David Bleich, 1998, Such a fetus is perfectly viable save for the act of the abortionist.
    • 2003, Mark Juergensmeyer, Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence (ISBN 0520240111), page 24: According to Bray, "there is a difference between taking a retired abortionist and executing him, and killing a practicing abortionist who is regularly killing babies." The first act is in Bray's view retributive, the second defensive.
    • 2009, Dinesh D'Souza, Letters to a Young Conservative (ISBN 0786739096), page 191: … a gruesome procedure in which the abortionist dismembers a child who could survive outside the womb.
  3. (in anti-abortion discourse, offensive) One who favors abortion being legal. {{defdate}}
  • (one who favours abortion being legal) anti-abortionist one who opposes abortion being legal
abortuary etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, anti-abortion, derogatory) A place where abortion are performed.
about {{slim-wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (archaic) abowt; (abbreviation) a., (abbreviation) ab.,* (abbreviation) abt. pronunciation
  • (US) /əˈbaʊt/
  • (Canada) /əˈbɐʊt/, /əˈbʌʊt/
  • (Canada) /əˈbɛʊt/
  • {{audio}}
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  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
etymology 1 From Middle English aboute, abouten, from Old English abūtan,{{R:MW3 1976|page=5}} onbūtan, from on + būtan,{{R:SOED5|page=7}} from be + ūtan.{{R:OCD2|page=4}}
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. In a circle around; all round; on every side of; on the outside of. {{defdate}}
    • c.1604-1605, William Shakespeare, So look about you; know you any here?
    • 1769, , Oxford Standard text, , iii, 3 Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:
  2. Near; not far from; regarding approximately time, size, quantity. {{defdate}}
    • c.1590-1591, William Shakespeare, Therefore I know she is about my height.
    • 1769, , Oxford Standard text, , xx, 3, And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace
    • 1769, , Oxford Standard text, , ix, 18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 4 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “I told him about everything I could think of; and what I couldn't think of he did. He asked about six questions during my yarn, but every question had a point to it. At the end he bowed and thanked me once more. As a thanker he was main-truck high; I never see anybody so polite.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  3. On the point or verge of.
    • 1769, , Oxford Standard text, , xviii, 14 And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked lewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
    • 1866, A treatise on the law of suits by attachment in the United States, by Charles Daniel Drake, page 80 [It] was held, that the latter requirement was fulfilled by an affidavit declaring that "the defendant was about leaving the State permanently." (Note: This use passes into the adverbial sense.)
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 1 , “I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time he wore kilts. But I see I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.”
    examplethe show is about to start;  I am not about to admit to your crime
  4. On one's person; nearby the person. {{defdate}}
    • 1837, , Ernest Maltravers: Volume 1 At this assurance the traveller rose, and approached Alice softly. He drew away her hands from her face, when she said gently, "Have you much money about you?" "Oh the mercenary baggage!" said the traveller to himself; and then replied aloud "Why, pretty one? Do you sell your kisses so high, then?"
  5. Over or upon different parts of; through or over in various directions; here and there in; to and fro in; throughout. {{defdate}}
    • 1671, John Milton, That heard the Adversary, who, roving still / About the world, at that assembly famed ...
    • 1849, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The history of England from the accession of James the Second He had been known, during several years, as a small poet; and some of the most savage lampoons which were handed about the coffeehouses were imputed to him.
  6. Concerned with; engaged in; intent on. {{defdate}}
    • 1769, , Oxford Standard text, , ii, 49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?
    • 2013 March 14, Parks and Recreation, season 5, episode 16, Bailout: RON: And I'll have the number 8. WAITER: That's a party platter, it serves 12 people. RON: I know what I'm about, son.
  7. Concerning; with regard to; on account of; on the subject of; to affect. {{defdate}} exampleHe knew more about what was occurring than anyone.
    • 1671 John Milton, Samson Agonistes I already have made way / To some Philistian lords, with whom to treat / About thy ransom.
    • 1860, Anthony Trollope, Framley Parsonage "I'll tell you what, Fanny: she must have her way about Sarah Thompson. You can see her to-morrow and tell her so."
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 4 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “I told him about everything I could think of; and what I couldn't think of he did. He asked about six questions during my yarn, but every question had a point to it. At the end he bowed and thanked me once more. As a thanker he was main-truck high; I never see anybody so polite.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  8. (figurative) In or near, as in mental faculties or (literally) in possession of; in control of; at one's command; in one's makeup. {{defdate}} exampleHe has his wits about him.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 2 , “Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke.…A silver snaffle on a heavy leather watch guard which connected the pockets of his corduroy waistcoat, together with a huge gold stirrup in his Ascot tie, sufficiently proclaimed his tastes.…But withal there was a perceptible acumen about the man which was puzzling in the extreme.”
  9. In the immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or proximity to; near, as to place. {{defdate}}
    • 1892, James Yoxall , 5, [ The Lonely Pyramid] , “The desert storm was riding in its strength; the travellers lay beneath the mastery of the fell simoom.…Roaring, leaping, pouncing, the tempest raged about the wanderers, drowning and blotting out their forms with sandy spume.”
  • (on the point or verge of) In modern English, always followed by an infinitive that begins with to. An archaic or obsolete form instead follows the about with the present participle.
  • (concerning) Used as a function word to indicate what is dealt with as the object of thought, feeling, or action.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Not distant; approximate.
    1. On all sides; around. {{defdate}}
      • 1599, , , III-ii, Why, then, I see, ‘tis time to look about, / When every boy Alphonsus dares control.
    2. Here and there; around; in one place and another; up and down. {{defdate}}
      • 1769, King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, , v,13, And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
      • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} He and Gerald usually challenged the rollers in a sponson canoe when Gerald was there for the weekend; or, when Lansing came down, the two took long swims seaward or cruised about in Gerald's dory, clad in their swimming-suits; and Selwyn's youth became renewed in a manner almost ridiculous,{{nb...}}.
    3. Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, quantity, or time; almost. {{defdate}} exampleabout as cold;  about as high
      • 1769, King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, , xxxii,28: And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.
      • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better.{{nb...}}
    4. Near; in the vicinity. {{defdate}}
  2. In succession; one after another; in the course of events. {{defdate}}
  3. On the move; active; astir. {{defdate}}
  4. To a reversed order; half round; facing in the opposite direction; from a contrary point of view. {{defdate}} exampleto face about;  to turn one's self about
    • 1888, , , Mr. Carter, whose back had been turned, turned about and faced his niece.
    1. (nautical) To the opposite tack. {{defdate}}
  5. (obsolete) Preparing; planning. {{defdate}}
  6. (archaic) In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside; in circumference. {{defdate}} examplea mile about, and a third of a mile across
    • 1886, Duncan Keith, A history of Scotland: civil and ecclesiastical from the earliest times to the death of David I, 1153, Vol.1, Nothing daunted, the fleet put to sea, and after sailing about the island for some time, a landing was effected in the west of Munster.
  7. (chiefly, North America, colloquial) Going to; on the verge of; intending to. {{defdate}}
etymology 2 From Middle English about (adverb).
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Moving around; astir. exampleout and about;  up and about
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, , 'John, I have observed that you are often out and about of nights, sometimes as late as half past seven or eight.{{nb...}}'
  2. In existence; being in evidence; apparent;
    • 1975, IPC Building & Contract Journals Ltd, Highways & road construction, Vol.43, To my mind, transportation engineering is similar to flying in the 1930s — it has been about for some time but it has taken the present economic jolt to shake it out of its infancy, in the same way that the war started the development of flying to its current stage.
    • 2005, IDG Communications, Digit, Issues 89-94, Although it has been about for some time now, I like the typeface Sauna.
    • 2006, Great Britain Parliament: House of Lords Science and Technology Committee, Energy: Meeting With Malcolm Wicks MP, Is not this sudden interest in capturing CO2 — and it has been about for a little while — simply another hidey-hole for the government to creep into?
  3. Normally active and capable. exampleAfter my bout with Guillan-Barre Syndrome, it took me 6 months to be up and about again.
Synonyms: (moving around) around, active, mobile, astir
  • {{rank}}
  • U-boat
Abraham man Alternative forms: (α-forms) Abraham-man, Abrahamman, (β-forms) Abram man, Abram-man, Abramman etymology
  • Possibly an allusion to a story in , in which the beggar Lazarus ends up in Abraham's bosom.
  • Possibly from the now-obsolete but then-current phrase .
  • (US) /ˈeɪ.bɹəˌhæm mæn/, /ˈeɪ.bɹə.həm mæn/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang when it was current, now obsolete or historical) One of a set of vagabond / vagrant who, in the 1700s and 1800s, roamed through England, feign mental illness to obtain alms.
Abram cove
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete, slang) A scoundrel.
    • ca 1608, , English Villanies: An Abram cove [...]
    • 1902, Herbert Compton, A Free Lance in a Far Land, page 94: What, you — you bit av a beak and trail. Ecod, but Bess is meat for your master, and that's me, as you'll soon know. She's an old wench o' mine, and I'll buss her when I choose, and ask no leave of an Abram cove of corporal like you afore I run you through the body."
    • 1827, Horace Smith, Reuben Apsley, page 121: "Curse him, Squire," croaked Chinnery, "don't suffer such an Abram cove to play the counterfeit crank. If he were to refuse to booze it at the George in White Friars, the Bear and Harrow in Chancery Lane, the Setting Dog and Partridge in Jackanapes Alley, or any of the loyal houses in London, they would mill him with a filch, or give him a worse Rose-Alley salutation than Johnny Dryden's."
    • 1869, William Hugh Logan, A pedlar's pack of ballads and songs: Duds and Cheats thou oft hast won, / [...] / Cank and Dommerar thou couldst play, / Or Rum-maunder in one day; / And like an Abram-cove couldst pray, / Yet pass with Jybes well jerk'd away.
    • 1933, Montague Summers, The Werewolf: So loathly was he and verminous they scarce could seize and bind him, but when haled before the magistrate he proved to be an abram-cove named Jacques Roulet, who with his brother Jean and a cousin Julien [...]
Abrek etymology From Ossetic абрӕг 〈abræg〉 via Russian абре́к 〈abrék〉
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (history, Russia, Caucasus) a Caucasian highlander, a guerrilla fighter during Russian expansion in the Caucasus in the 19th century
  2. (Russia, Caucasus) bandit, thug, a menacing looking man from the Caucasus, especially if armed
  3. (Russia, offensive) a Caucasian person from the Caucasus
ABS {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}}
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (automotive) Anti-lock braking system.
  2. (organic compound) Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene.
  3. (informal, plumbing) All-black stuff, i.e., acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, referring to the black color of the waste water plumbing pipes composed of this plastic.
  • BAs
  • BSA
  • sab, Sab., SAB
  • SBA
abs pronunciation
  • /æbz/
  • {{rhymes}}
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. absolute temperature
  2. (mathematics) Abbreviated form of the absolute value function.
  3. Abstract.
noun: {{head}} {{g}}
  1. (informal) The abdominal muscle. plural of ab {{defdate}}{{R:SOED5|page=2}}
The singular ab is rarely used. Synonyms: abdominal muscle, abdominal
  • BAs
  • BSA
  • sab, Sab., SAB
  • SBA
absatively Alternative forms: absitively, absotively pronunciation
  • (US) /æbsəˈtɪvli/
etymology {{blend}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) Absolutely and positively.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    • 1994 , Rogue Warrior II: Red Cell , Richard , Marcinko , Richard Marcinko , John Weisman , New York , Pocket Books , 9780671799571 , 20939336M , Worthingham Washington Lewis told me he was absatively, posolutely ready for us: “We've got the scenario, and my men are raring to go, Captain.”
    • 2005 , Anansi Boys , Neil , Gaiman , Neil Gaiman , 9780060515188 , 23274122M , 278 , , “No. Absatively out of the question.”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
See absitively.
abscond etymology Either from Middle French abscondre or directly from Latin abscondere, present active infinitive of abscondō; formed from abs, ab + condō, from con + {{R:CDOE|page=4}}.
  • Cognate with sconce.
  • (RP) /əbˈskɒnd/
  • (US) /æbˈskɑnd/, /æbˈzkɑnd/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, reflexive, archaic) To hide, to be in hiding or concealment.
    • 1691-1735, John Ray, The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation the Marmotto, … which absconds all Winter doth … live upon its own Fat.
  2. (intransitive, reflexive) To flee, often secretly; to steal away, particularly to avoid arrest or prosecution. {{defdate}}
    • 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, , Ch. 13 ... that very homesickness which, in regular armies, drives so many recruits to abscond at the risk of stripes and of death.
    • 1911, Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary Spring beckons! All things to the call respond;The trees are leaving and cashiers abscond.
  3. (intransitive) To withdraw from. {{defdate}}{{R:SOED5|page=8}}
    • 2006, Richard Rojcewicz, The Gods And Technology: A Reading Of Heidegger, ISBN 0791482308. Modern technology accompanies the absconding of the original attitude.
    • 2009, Sonia Brill, Relationships Without Anger, ISBN 144902789X. You cannot abscond from the responsibility both you and your partner owe to this event, and that includes dealing with anger issues and any other emotional issues that come with it.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To conceal; to take away. {{defdate}}
    • treatise on the eye, the manner and phaenomena of vision, 2, William Porterfield, G. Hamilton, John Balfour, 1759 , “for having applied to the Side of the Head any thin black Body, such as the Brim of a Hat, so as it may abscond the Objects that are upon that Side ”
    • The Buccaneers of America, 161, 1108024815, John Esquemeling, Henry Powell, 2010, 1684, They examined every prisoner by himself (who were in all about two hundred and fifty persons) where they had absconded the rest of their goods
  5. (transitive) To evade, to hide or flee from. The captain absconded his responsibility
    • 2006, Aldo E. Chircop, Olof Lindén, Places of Refuge for Ships, ISBN 900414952X. If the distress situation is solved succesfully, the anonymous shipowner will reap the commercial benefit, if the situation ends in disaster, the shipowner will hide behind an anonymous post box in a foreign country and will abscond responsibility.
    • The Mystical Harvest, 431, 0595481140, Somar, 2008, The driver snatched a packet of cigarettes out of the glove compartment and absconded the driver's seat without a word
    • Girls on the Verge: Debutante Dips, Drive-bys, and Other Initiations, 29, 1429981970, Vendela Vida, 2007, Those who evidently did not get invited back to their top choices have already absconded the scene, tripping in their high heels as they ran.
    • Gangland Melbourne, 47, 0522858694, James Morton, Susanna Lobez, 2011, In 1939 she absconded her bail in Melbourne and went to New Zealand, where she also absconded on a charge of stealing diamonds.
absitively etymology {{blend}} Alternative forms: absatively, absotively
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal, jocular or _, childish) Absolutely and positively.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-video }} "Colonel Blake has okayed my transfer." "You're serious, Frank. You're leaving." "Absitively." "Gee, Frank, this place won't seem the same without you. It'll be terrific."
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Often used in combination with posilutely/posolutely.
absofuckinglutely etymology A tmesis of absolutely with -fucking-.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang, vulgar, augmentative) absolutely
    • 1990, Ivan Doig, Ride with me, Mariah Montana Riley, you swore to me, you absofuckinglutely swore to me you weren't going to diddle around with the expense account this time!
    • 2007, Lauren Barnholdt, Two-Way Street If you had asked me six months ago if I would ever be making out with Courtney McSweeney, I would have said no, absofuckinglutely not.
abso-fucking-lutely etymology absolutely + -fucking-
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) A more intense version of absolutely "Are you ready?" "abso-fucking-lutely!"'
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) A strong statement of agreement
absolut etymology Derived from advertising for , which was in turn intended to capture the exotic sense of the brand's Swedish origin.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) absolute, usually in reference to something represented as trendy, popular, or cutting-edge.
absolute zero {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈæb.səˌlut ˈzi.ɹoʊ/, /ˌæb.səˈljut ˈzi.ɹoʊ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (physics) The coldest possible temperature, zero on the Kelvin scale, or approximately −273.15 °C, −459.67 °F; total absence of heat; temperature at which motion of all molecules would cease. {{defdate}}
  2. (slang) A person or thing of absolutely no consequence.
absotively Alternative forms: absatively, absitively etymology {{blend}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal, jocular or _, childish) Absolutely and positively.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
See absitively.
absquatulate {{was wotd}} etymology Attested since the 1830s in American English, a jocular mock-Latin word.{{R:World Wide Words|weirdwords/ww-abs1|Absquatulate|3 Aug. 2002}} {{blend}}, as ab- (as in abscond) + squat + * (as in perambulate, properly -ate), hence meaning “get up (from a squat) and depart (quickly)”.New Orleans ''Weekly Picayune,'' December 1839 The middle portion was perhaps influenced by -le and the dialectal term squattle; compare contemporary skedaddle. pronunciation
  • /æb.ˈskwɑtʃ.ʊ.leɪt/, /æbz.ˈkwɑtʃ.ʊ.leɪt, /æbz.ˈkwɑtʃ.ə.leɪt/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To leave quickly or in a hurry; to take oneself off; to decamp; to depart, flee. {{defdate}}{{R:SOED5|page=9}}
  2. (intransitive, slang) to abscond.
Synonyms: (leave quickly) abscond, decamp
abstract nonsense {{wikipedia}} etymology Coined by , popularized by .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (mathematics, humorous) Details which are straightforward but so tedious that an author or lecturer would rather skip them (especially those of a category theoretical nature).
  2. (mathematics, humorous) Details which involve diagram chasing.
  3. (mathematics, humorous) Category theory in general.
coordinate terms:
  • (skipped details) handwave
Absurdistan {{wikipedia}} etymology absurd + stan
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) Any country where absurdity is the norm, especially in its public authorities and government.
Abyssinia etymology From Dutch, from Arabic حَبَشَة 〈ḥabasẖaẗ〉, from حَبَش 〈ḥabasẖ〉.{{R:American Heritage 1971|page=6}} pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˌæb.ɪˈsɪn.i.ə/
  • (US) /ˌæb.ɪˈsɪn.i.ə/, /ˌæb.əˈsɪn.i.ə/, /ˌæb.əˈsɪn.jə/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (dated) Historical name of Ethiopia.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (dated) Ethiopian; Abyssinian.{{R:MW3 1976|page=9}}
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang) Expression of farewell: I’ll be seeing ya. {{defdate}}{{R:SOED5|page=11}} From the way that Abyssinia sounds vaguely like I'll be seeing you.
AC {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (air conditioning) a.c., A/C, a/c, (alternating current) A.C., a.c., ac, (army corps, atheletic club) A.C., (anno Christi, ante Christum) A.C., A. C., (ante cibum) a.c.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. absolute ceiling
  2. account current
  3. acre
  4. (music) adult contemporary, a radio format
  5. air conditioning; air conditioned
  6. air corps
  7. aircraftman
  8. all clear, as in button on electronic calculator
  9. (electricity) alternating current; often used to indicate an alternating potential rather than a current, as in 110V AC.
  10. anno Christi, in the year of Christ.
  11. ante Christum, before Christ.
  12. (medical) ante cibum, before meals.
  13. (religion) antichristian
  14. appellation contrôlée
  15. area code
  16. army corps
  17. (legal) as charged, as in: guilty as charged, usually a/c
  18. athletic club
  19. (Internet, slang) audible chuckle {{rfex}}
  20. author's correction
  21. automobile club
  22. (US, military) Auxiliary Collier - a naval coal transport that travels with the fleet to provide coal for coal powered warships
  23. (set theory) axiom of choice
  24. (Australia) Companion of the Order of Australia.
  25. aviation cadet
  26. America's Cup competition yacht sailing match racing regatta
  27. (chemistry) initialism of ammonium chloride
Synonyms: (anno Christi) AD (anno Domini), (ante Christum) BC (before Christ)
  • (alternating current) DC
  • (ante Christum) AD (anno Domini)
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. Aceh, an autonomous province of Indonesia.
  2. (geography) Acre, a state of Brazil.
  • CA, ca, ca.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, African American Vernacular English) The . With the Mac in the Ac door panelin - (Unbelievable, 1994)
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. Air-conditioning.
  2. (meteorology) Altocumulus clouds.
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. acetate
  2. acetyl
  • CA, ca, ca.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) Able to operate with either alternating current or direct current.
  2. (comparable, slang) bisexual
academese etymology From academe + ese pronunciation
  • (RP) /ə.kæ.dəˈmiːz/
  • (US) /ə.kæ.dəˈmiz/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A formal or artificial form of communicating prevalent in institutes of higher education.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. Association of Corporate Counsel
  2. American Chemistry Council
  3. Air Coordinating Committee
  4. (New Zealand) Accident Compensation Corporation
  5. (New Zealand, by extension) The government accident compensation scheme in New Zealand, administered by the Accident Compensation Corporation.
  6. (internet, slang) author-created character, referring to the practice of creating a new character wholesale who is added into a fanfic's cast of 'official' characters. (The characters created by the official original creator are not considered ACC.) The practice is generally discouraged unless the character plays a small role and never overtakes the existing characters' importance in a story; those that do are often accused of being "Mary Sues" or "Self Inserts".
  7. (automotive) Adaptive cruise control (See Wikipedia entry on Autonomous cruise control system)
  • CCA
accelerator etymology
  • First attested in 1611.
  • (motor vehicle) First attested in 1900.
  • accelerate + or
  • (US) /æk.ˈsɛl.ə.ˌɹeɪ.tɚ/, /æk.ˈsɛl.ə.ˌɹeɪt.ɚ/, /ɪk.ˈsɛl.ə.ˌɹeɪt.ɚ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who, or that which, accelerate.
  2. A device for causing acceleration.
  3. (chemistry) A substance which speeds up chemical reactions.
  4. (vehicle) An accelerator pedal.
  5. (photography) A chemical that reduces development time.
  6. (physics) A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles.
  7. (physiology, medical) A muscle or nerve that speed the performance of an action.
  8. (computing) accelerator key
    • 2002, Davis Howard Chapman, Sams Teach Yourself Visual C++ .NET in 21 Days (page 187) If they had allowed single-character accelerators, Windows wouldn't be able to determine whether the character was input or a shortcut.
Synonyms: (accelerator pedal, US) gas pedal, gas, (accelerates subatomic particles) particle accelerator, atom smasher
accompany etymology
  • First attested in early 15th century.
From Middle English accompanien, from Old French acompagner, from compaign. See company.
  • (RP) /ə.ˈkʌm.pə.ni/, /ə.ˈkʌ
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To go with or attend as a companion or associate; to keep company with; to go along with.
    • 1804 : The Persian dames, […] / In sumptuous cars, accompanied his march.
    • 1581, Philip Sidney, An Apology of Poetry, or a Defense of Poesy, Book I: They are never alone that are accompanied with noble thoughts.
    • 1979, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England: He was accompanied by two carts filled with wounded rebels.
    exampleGeoffrey accompanied the group on their pilgrimage.
  2. (transitive) To supplement with; add to.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 5 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, […], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.”
  3. {{senseid}}(intransitive, music) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition.
  4. (transitive, music) To perform an accompanying part next to another instrument. exampleThe strings were accompanied by two woodwinds.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To associate in a company; to keep company.
    • {{rfdate}} Holland: Men say that they will drive away one another, […] and not accompany together.
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To cohabit (with).
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To cohabit with; to coexist with; occur with. {{rfquotek}}
{{rfex}} (to go with) Persons are said to be accompanied by, and inanimate objects, state or condition is said to be accompanied with. Synonyms: (go with) attend, escort, go with, We accompany those with whom we go as companions. The word imports an equality of station., We attend those whom we wait upon or follow. The word conveys an idea of subordination., We escort those whom we attend with a view to guard and protect. A gentleman accompanies a friend to some public place; he attends or escorts a lady.
related terms:
  • accompaniment
accordion {{wikipedia}} etymology First attested in 1831. From German Akkordeon, from Akkord, from French accord, from Old French acorder, based on Italian accordare. See also accord. pronunciation
  • (RP) /əˈkɔ(ɹ).di.ˌən/
  • (US) /ə.ˈkɔɹ.di.ən/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tone are generated by play of the wind from a squeezed bellows upon free metallic reed.
    • 1869, , Innocents Abroad: A disreputable accordion that had a leak somewhere and breathed louder than it squawked.
    • , Devil’s Dictionary: Accordion: an instrument in harmony with the sentiments of an assassin.
    • 1922, , Ulysses: An accordion underskirt of blue silk moirette.
Synonyms: squeezebox
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To fold up, in the manner of an accordion
account {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (US) /ə.ˈkaʊnt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
etymology 1
  • First attested around 1300. ((reckoning of moneys received and paid))
  • (banking) First attested in 1833.
  • (narration) First attested in the 1610's.
  • From Middle English, from xno acunte, from Old French acont, from aconter, from Latin computo
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (accounting) A registry of pecuniary transaction; a written or printed statement of business dealing or debt and credit, and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review
  2. (banking) A sum of money deposited at a bank and subject to withdrawal. to keep one's account at the bank.
  3. A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; a reason of an action to be done.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    No satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena.
  4. A reason, ground, consideration, motive. on no account on every account on all accounts
    • {{RQ:Joyce Ulysses}} Episode 16 ...who evidently a glutton for work, it struck him, was having a quiet forty winks for all intents and purposes on his own private account while Dublin slept.
  5. (business) A business relationship involving the exchange of money and credit.
  6. A record of events; recital of transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a description An account of a battle.
    • {{rfdate}} A laudable account of the city of London. - Howell
  7. A statement explaining one's conduct.
    • {{rfdate}} Give an account of thy stewardship. - Luke 16:2
  8. An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment.
    • {{rfdate}} To stand high in your account - Shakespeare, Merchant of Venice, III-ii
  9. Importance; worth; value; esteem; judgement.
    • {{rfdate}} Men of account -
    • {{rfdate}} To turn to account - Shakespeare
  10. An authorization to use a service. I've opened an account with Wikipedia so that I can contribute and partake in the project.
  11. (archaic) A reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record of some reckoning.
  12. Profit; advantage.
  • Abbreviations: (business) A/C, a/c, acct., acc.
  • of Account, narrative, narration, recital. These words are applied to different modes of rehearsing a series of events
  • Account turns attention not so much to the speaker as to the fact related, and more properly applies to the report of some single event, or a group of incidents taken as whole; as, an account of a battle, of a shipwreck, etc.
  • A narrative is a continuous story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell to another; as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a narrative of one's life, etc.
  • Narration is usually the same as narrative, but is sometimes used to describe the mode of relating events; as, his powers of narration are uncommonly great.
  • Recital denotes a series of events drawn out into minute particulars, usually expressing something which peculiarly interests the feelings of the speaker; as, the recital of one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (registry of pecuniary transactions), (statement of occurrences) narrative, narration, relation, recital, description, explanation, (a statement of reasons) accounting, explanation, (a reason), (a vindication) defense, excuse, explanation, (estimate), (value, importance), (authorization to use a service) membership, registration, username
etymology 2 From xno acounter, accomptere et al., Middle French aconter, acompter, from a- + conter. Compare count.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. to provide explanation
    1. (obsolete, transitive) To present an account of; to answer for, to justify. {{defdate}}
    2. (intransitive, now rare) To give an account of financial transactions, money received etc. {{defdate}}
    3. (transitive) To estimate, consider (something to be as described). {{defdate}}
      • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present (book), III.8: The Pagan Hercules, why was he accounted a hero?
    4. (intransitive) To consider that. {{defdate}}
      • 1611, Bible, Authorized (King James) Version, Hebrews XI.19: Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
    5. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory evaluation for financial transactions, money received etc. {{defdate}} An officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.
    6. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory evaluation for (one's actions, behaviour etc.); to answer for. {{defdate}} We must account for the use of our opportunities.
    7. (intransitive) To give a satisfactory reason for; to explain. {{defdate}} Idleness accounts for poverty.
    8. (intransitive) To establish the location for someone. {{defdate}} After the crash, not all passengers were accounted for.
    9. (intransitive) To cause the death, capture, or destruction of someone or something (+ for). {{defdate}}
  2. to count
    1. (transitive, now rare) To calculate, work out (especially with periods of time). {{defdate}}
      • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica: neither the motion of the Moon, whereby moneths are computed; nor of the Sun, whereby years are accounted, consisteth of whole numbers, but admits of fractions, and broken parts, as we have already declared concerning the Moon.
    2. (obsolete) To count (up), enumerate. {{defdate}}
    3. (obsolete) To recount, relate (a narrative etc.). {{defdate}}
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.6: Long worke it were / Here to account the endlesse progeny / Of all the weeds that bud and blossome there [...].
related terms:
  • accountable
  • accountant
  • {{rank}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A nickname for the English town of Accrington
  2. (soccer) By extension, a nickname for Accrington Stanley F.C.
ace {{was wotd}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /eɪs/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 Middle English as, from Old French as, from Latin as, assis, unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Compare as
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A single point or spot on a playing card or die.
  2. A card or die face so marked. I have the ace of diamonds.
  3. A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot.
    • {{rfdate}} I'll not wag an ace further.
    • c. 1658 Dr. Henry More, Government of the Tongue : He will not bate an ace of absolute certainty.
  4. (tennis) A serve won without the opponent hitting the ball.
  5. (sports) A single point won by a stroke, as in handball, rackets, etc.
  6. (US) (baseball) The best pitcher on the team.
  7. (US) (baseball, dated, 19th century) A run.
  8. (US) (golf) A hole in one.
  9. An expert at something.
    • {{quote-news}}
  10. A military aircraft pilot who is credited with shooting down many enemy aircraft, typically five or more.
  11. (US) A perfect score on a school exam.
  • Used as an exclamation to mean excellent. But see ace (adjective). Also in plural: aces.
Synonyms: (single point or spot) pip
coordinate terms:
  • {{list:playing cards/en}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US) To pass (a test, interviews etc.) perfectly.
  2. (tennis) To win a point by an ace.
  3. (golf) To make an ace (hole in one).
Synonyms: (to pass a test) pass with flying colours
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, slang) Excellent.
  • Used as exclamation. Also see ace (noun) above and aces.
Synonyms: excellent, first-rate, outstanding
etymology 2 From asexual by shortening.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Asexual. (not experiencing sexual attraction)
    • 2009, Anneli Rufus, "Asexuals at the Pride Parade", Psychology Today, 22 June 2009: "Some people who identify as ace fall under the GLBT umbrella while many others do not. Members of the queer movement have reached out to asexuals to include them in their community. The acronym for this has now become GLBTQA (gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, questioning, and asexual)."
    • 2010, Amy Ebersole, "Asexuality, not to be confused with celibacy", The Daily Aztec (San Diego State University), 25 January 2010: “I was 14 when I first realized I had no interest in sex,” Jed Strohm, a happily satisfied, romantic asexual from upstate New York, said. “I identified as ace (asexual) and the group leader said I was too attractive.”
    • 2013, Andrea Garcia-Vargas, "Ourselves, our sex, our choices", The Eye, 28 March 2013: “If you identify as ace [asexual] and you just don’t feel like having sex, then for me, sex-positive means, ‘That’s great! It’s fantastic you don’t want to have sex!’” says McGown.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: asexy (slang)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A person who is asexual.
    • 2012, Tasmin Prichard, "Freedom from Desire: Some Notes on Asexuality", Salient (Victoria University of Wellington), 23 July 2012, page 20: Asexuals are programmed differently, like anybody else on the LGBTQXYZ spectrum, but difference is cool! Difference is perhaps the best part of being queer. Own it, aces!
    • 2013, Leigh Miller, "(A)Sexual Healing", Jerk (Syracuse University), Volume XII, Issue V, April 2013, page 23: Negativity toward asexuality can make emerging aces fear that something is wrong with them.
    • 2014, Emma Ianni, "New Group to Bring Awareness Of C. U. Asexual Community", The Cornell Daily Sun (Cornell University), Volume 130, Number 81, 4 February 2014, page 1: G. F. said she came up with the idea of creating an asexual group last semester, when she was struggling with the way being an ace was affecting her personal life.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  • AEC
  • CEA
ace boon coon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A close friend.
    • 1999, Kristal Brent Zook, Color by Fox (page 31) Soon David and "Scottster" are "ace boon coons," as my mother used to say, golfing together and making plans for joint ventures in computer programming.
    • 1999, Karu F. Daniels, Brandy: An Intimate Look (page 7) Roslyn "SugarBay" Mcintosh, thanks for your prayers, and to my ace boon-coons Willona Carrington and Charron Williams — thanks for being there through thick and thin.
ace in the hole etymology From stud poker in which there is one unknown card called the "hole card;" referring to the optimum "hole card" being an ace.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, US, informal) A hidden or secret strength, or unrevealed advantage. Our ace in the hole left our opponents stupefied; it isn't every day that an NBA star plays street basketball.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of ace
  2. (poker slang) A pair of aces.
interjection: {{en-intj}}
  1. (informal) ace; excellent
  • æsc, ASCE, CASE, case, ESCA
achievement whore
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (gaming slang) A person that plays video games (especially XBOX 360 games) for the primary purpose of attaining achievements.
acid {{wikipedia}} etymology From French acide, from Latin acidus, from aceō. pronunciation
  • /ˈæs.ɪd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar. exampleacid fruits or liquors
  2. (figuratively) Sour-tempered.
    • Anthony Trollope (1815-1882) He was stern and his face as acid as ever.
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence. She devoured with more avidity than she had her food those pretentiously phrased chronicles of the snobocracy […] distilling therefrom an acid envy that robbed her napoleon of all its savour.
  3. Of or pertaining to an acid; acidic.
  4. (music) Denoting a musical genre that is a distortion (as if hallucinogenic) of an existing genre, as in acid house, acid jazz, acid rock.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: acidic
  • alkaline
  • base
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sour substance.
  2. (chemistry) Any of several class of compound having the following properties:-
    1. Any of a class of water-soluble compounds, having sour taste, that turn blue litmus red, and react with some metal to liberate hydrogen, and with base to form salt.
    2. Any compound that easily donate proton; a Brønsted acid
    3. Any compound that can accept a pair of electron to form a covalent bond; a Lewis acid
  3. (slang) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
  • alkali
  • base
  • See also
  • cadi
  • caid
acidhead etymology acid + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) A person who uses the hallucinogenic drug LSD.
ack emma
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (British, military) a.m.; in the morning
related terms:
  • pip emma
ackers pronunciation
  • /ˈækəz/
etymology probably from Egyptian akka, a piastre (unit of currency)
noun: {{head}}
  1. (British, slang) money
  2. plural of acker
  • crakes, creaks, sacker, screak
a cold day in Hell
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) The time of occurrence of an event that will never happen. It'll be a cold day in hell when that happens.
a cold day in July
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) The time of occurrence of an event that will never happen. It'll be a cold day in July when that happens.
Synonyms: a cold day in Hell, when Hell freezes over, when pigs fly
acorn {{slim-wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English acorne, an alteration (after corn) of earlier akern, from Old English æcern, from Proto-Germanic *akraną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ógeh₂- 〈*h₂ógeh₂-〉. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Äkkene, Flemish aker, Danish agern; and with Irish áirne, Lithuanian úoga, Russian ягода 〈âgoda〉. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈeɪkɔɹn/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule.
  2. (nautical) A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the mast-head.
  3. (zoology) See acorn-shell.
  4. (slang, usually in plural) A testicle.
  • (fruit of an oak) oak
  • caron, Coran, narco, racon
acre {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: aker (archaic) etymology From Middle English acre, aker, from Old English æcer, from Proto-Germanic *akraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵros 〈*h₂éǵros〉. Cognate with Scots acre, aker, acker, Northern Frisian ecir, Western Frisian eker, Dutch akker, German Acker, Swedish åker, Icelandic akur, Latin ager, Ancient Greek ἀγρός 〈agrós〉. Related also to acorn. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈeɪ.kə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈeɪ.kɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A field.
  2. An English unit of land area (symbol: a. or ac.) originally denoting a day's plowing for a yoke of oxen, now standardize as 4,840 square yard or 4,046.86 square meter.
  3. Similar unit of area in other system.
  4. (informal, usually plural) A wide expanse. exampleI like my new house - there’s acres of space!
  5. (informal, usually plural) A large quantity.
  6. (obsolete) The acre's breadth or length, English unit of length equal to the statute dimension of the acre: 22 yds (≈20 m) or 220 yrds (≈200 m).
  7. (obsolete) A duel fought between individual Scot and Englishmen in the borderland.
  • (100 carucates, notionally) See hundred
  • (the area able to be plowed by 8 oxen in a year) See carucate
  • (the area able to be plowed by two oxen in a year) See virgate
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in a year) See oxgang
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in half a season) See nook
  • (the area able to be plowed by an ox in ¼ a season) See fardel
  • (10 acres, prob. spurious) acreme
Synonyms: (approximate) day's math, demath, (Egyptian) feddan, {{Sense}} morgen, (French) arpent, arpen, pose, (India) cawney, cawny, bigha, (Ireland) Irish acre, collop, plantation acre, (Roman) juger, jugerum, (Scottish) Scottish acre, Scots acre, Scotch acre, acair, (Wales) Welsh acre, cover, cyfair, erw, stang
  • (¼ acre) See rood
  • (1/160 acre) lug, perch, (now chiefly Scottish) fall
related terms:
  • acorn
  • Greenacre
  • wiseacre
  • care
  • race
acrophobia etymology From {{confix}}. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Fear of height.
Synonyms: altophobia, height-fear
  • bathophobia
action {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English accion, from Old French action, from Latin āctiō, from āctus, perfect passive participle of agō, + action suffix -iō; see act. pronunciation
  • /ˈæk.ʃən/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Something done so as to accomplish a purpose.
  2. A way of motion or functioning. Knead bread with a rocking action.
  3. A fast-paced activity. an action movie
  4. A mechanism; a moving part or assembly. a rifle action
  5. (music): The mechanism, that is the set of moving mechanical parts, of a keyboard instrument, like a piano, which transfers the motion of the key to the sound-making device.Marshall Cavendish Corporation [ ''Growing Up with Science''] p.1079
  6. (slang) sexual intercourse. She gave him some action.
  7. The distance separating the string and the fretboard on the guitar.
  8. (military) Combat. He saw some action in the Korean War.
  9. (legal) A charge or other process in a law court (also called lawsuit and actio).
  10. (mathematics) A mapping from a pairing of mathematical objects to one of them, respecting their individual structures. The pairing is typically a Cartesian product or a tensor product. The object that is not part of the output is said to act on the other object. In any given context, action is used as an abbreviation for a more fully named notion, like group action or left group action.
  11. The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
  12. (art, painting and sculpture) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
  13. (bowling) spin put on the bowling ball.
  14. (business, obsolete, a Gallicism) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds.
    • Burke The Euripus of funds and actions.
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • act
  • agent
  • agency
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Demanding or signifying the start of something, usually an act or scene of a theatric performance. The director yelled ‘Action!’ before the camera started rolling.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, management) To act on a request etc, in order to put it into effect.
  2. (transitive, chiefly, archaic) To initiate a legal action against someone.
  • The verb sense is rejected by some usage authorities.{{R:She Literally Exploded}}, page 3
  • atonic, cation
actionfest etymology action + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A film, video game, or other such story, that is full of action.
    • 1976, Jon Tuska, Vicki Piekarski, and Karl Thiede (editors), Close Up: The Contract Director, Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810809611, page 205: Exploding oil fields, trains bursting through tunnels in the midst of an avalanche, plane collisions, fights and leaps of all sorts punctuate the non-stop actionfest [=].
    • 1997 July 2, Megadee406 (username), "Re: Cathy's Top Ten Good (and Bad) Things From Season Four (LONG, like this s..."{{SIC}}, in, Usenet: I'm especially worried at the rumors that the [X-Files television] show and movie will be totally seperate{{SIC}} from each other. Is this going to be an actionfest for non-fans?
    • 2004, , Manhwa Mania: How to Draw Korean Comics, Watson-Guptill, ISBN 978-0-8230-2976-1, page 112: … to decide on an approach that most effectively tells the story. Perhaps the story is crying out to be an actionfest. Maybe it doesn’t need action at all, but suspense and mood.
    • 2004 August 23, Ian Galbraith (username), "Re: Kill Bill", in aus.dvd, Usenet: 2 great films. KB1 [=, Volume 1] is an actionfest, KB2 is more dramatic.
    • 2007 Winter, "Dads Game Too!" (video game review) Windows Vista: The Official Magazine, Future US, Inc., ISSN 1933-6608, page 51: In this mature-rated actionfest [=], players modify and upgrade an armored suit for cloaking, extreme strength, and other abilities.
activist judge
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, pejorative, chiefly, in right-wing discourse) A judge or justice who makes rulings based on personal political views or considerations rather than on the law, or who issues rulings intended to have political effects.
activist justice
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, pejorative, chiefly, in right-wing discourse) A justice (usually referring to a member of a Supreme, High or Appellate court) who makes rulings based on personal political views or considerations rather than on the law, or who issues rulings intended to have political effects.
act of Congress etymology From the literal sense of act enacted by
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, US, chiefly colloquial) Authorization that is extremely difficult to get, especially in a timely fashion. Does it take an act of Congress just to get a stop sign on a corner?
    • Liberty Falling‎, page 79, Nevada Barr, 2000, “Should Frederick stick around — and apparently it would take an act of Congress to get him out of the ICU — he might take up where Molly had brutally left off.”
    • A Love of My Own‎, page 54, E. Lynn Harris, 2003, “Since it seemed like getting a glass of wine was going to require an act of Congress, I quickly agreed.”
    • Intrepid: The Epic Story of America's Most Legendary Warship‎, page 273, Bill White, Robert Gandt, 2008, “Another problem was bureaucratic: the transfer of the ship required, literally, an act of Congress. It was an agonizing process that ground along for twenty-six months, through the tenures of three secretaries of the navy, two presidents, and two mayors of New York.”
actor {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: actour (obsolete) etymology From Latin āctor, from agere. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄκτωρ 〈áktōr〉, from ἄγω 〈ágō〉. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈæk.tə/
  • (US) /ˈæk.təɹ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who performs in a theatrical play or film.
  2. One who acts; a doer.
  3. One who takes part in a situation.
  4. (legal) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes.
  5. (legal) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.
  6. (policy debate) One who enacts a certain policy action.
  7. (software engineering) The entity that performs a role (in use case analysis).
Synonyms: (person who performs in a theatrical play or film) performer, player, (one who acts) doer, (one who takes part) participant, (advocate in civil courts or cases), (a plaintiff) complainant, plaintiff, (one who enacts a policy action), (entity performing a role in use case analysis) role
  • (person who performs in a theatrical play or film) actress {{g}}
  • enactor
  • reenactor
related terms:
  • act
  • acting
  • action
  • actress
  • actual
  • transaction
  • Croat
act out {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˌækt ˈaʊ̯t/
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) To go through the process of a scene from a play, a charade or a pointless exercise. Despite already being aware, he will act out the pretence of a surprise.
  2. (idiomatic) To express one's feelings through disruptive actions. I know you're angry, but you can't act out and break dishes like that.
ad {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /æd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) advertisement. I have placed both of the ads in the newspaper as instructed.
Synonyms: advert
etymology 2 From a shortening of the word advantage.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (tennis) advantage
  2. (debating) advantage ads and disads
etymology 3 From Latin ad.
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. to, toward
  • da, Da, DA
Adam's ale etymology Attested 1643.{{R:Phrase Finder|24300|Adam’s ale}} Reference to the only drink available to Adam, the first man in the biblical tradition, while in Eden.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic, humorous) Water.
    • 1643: William Prynne, The Soveraigne Power of Parliaments and Kingdomes They have beene shut up in prisons and dungeons [...] allowed onely a poore pittance of Adams Ale, and scarce a penny bread a day to support their lives.
Synonyms: Adam's wine
  • salaamed
Adam and Steve
noun: {{head}}
  1. (humorous) A phrase, often satirical, recasting the Biblical couple of Adam and Eve as a homosexual couple, Adam and Steve. In context, it may be used as a pejorative against either homosexuality or religious opposition to it.
  • Often used attributively.
a damn sight
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, uncountable) a large amount; a lot. I've got a damn sight more DVDs than he has.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) a lot; a great deal. I'm a damn sight more clever than he is.
adapter {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: adaptor etymology From adapt + er. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who is capable of adapt well to differing situations. He was an able adapter, and could easily adjust to the differences when the company changed ownership.
  2. One who adapts a thing, e.g. a play. The critic gave rave reviews to the adapter of the ancient play, who worked to give the text more relevance to the modern day.
  3. A device or application used to achieve operative compatibility between devices that otherwise are incompatible. He had an adapter that let him plug his phone into the car's cigarette lighter for power.
    • {{quote-news}}
    1. Specifically, a device that permits two, three, or more plug to be used at a single electrical power point. The wall outlet sprouted an electrical monstrosity of adapters plugged into adapters that sparked ominously.
    2. Specifically, a device that allows one format of plug to be used with a different format of socket. We bought adapters to use our three-prong plugs in the two-prong, unpolarized outlets of the old house.
    3. Specifically, an AC-adaptor: a device that reduces voltage and converts AC to DC to allow a battery-powered device to use mains power. I lost my cellphone's adaptor so I couldn't recharge it.
related terms: {{rel-top4}}
  • adapt
  • adaptability
  • adaptable
  • adaptableness
  • adaptably
  • adaptation
  • adaptational
  • adaptative
  • adaptatively
  • adaptativeness
  • adaptedness
  • adaptee
  • adaption
  • adaptional
  • adaptitude
  • adaptive
  • adaptively
  • adaptiveness
  • adaptly
  • adaptness
  • adaptorial
  • readapt
adder pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈæd.ɚ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English addere, misdivision of naddere, from Old English nǣdre, nǣddre, from Proto-Germanic *nēdrǭ, *nadrǭ (compare West Frisian njirre, Dutch adder, German Natter, Otter), from pre-Germanic *néh₁treh₂ 〈*néh₁treh₂〉, variant of Proto-Indo-European *n̥h₁trih₂ 〈*n̥h₁trih₂〉 (compare Welsh neidr, Latin natrīx ‘watersnake’), from *sneh₁- 〈*sneh₁-〉 (compare Dutch naaien). More at needle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A snake.
  2. A name loosely applied to various snakes more or less resembling the viper; a viper.
  3. (chiefly, British) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The {{vern}} is the {{taxlink}}. The puff adder of Africa are species of the genus {{taxlink}}.
  4. (US, Canada) Any of several small nonvenomous snakes resembling the adder, such as the milk snake.
  5. The sea-stickleback or adder-fish.
etymology 2 {{-er}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone who or something which performs arithmetic addition; a machine for adding numbers.
  2. Something which add or increase. They sought out cost adders with an eye toward eliminating them.
  • dared
  • dread
  • readd
addict pronunciation
  • (noun)
    • {{enPR}}, /ˈædɪkt/
  • (verb)
    • {{enPR}}, /əˈdɪkt/
    • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Latin addictus, past participle of addīcō, from ad- + dīcō
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who is addicted, especially to a harmful drug
    • He is an addict when it comes to chocolate cookies.
  2. An adherent or fan (of something)
Synonyms: (person who is addicted) junkie (one addicted to a drug), slave, (adherent or fan) adherent, aficionado, devotee, enthusiast, fan, habitue, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To cause someone to become addicted, especially to a harmful drug
  2. To involve oneself in something habitually, to the exclusion of almost anything else.
    • {{rfdate}}, John Evelyn They addict themselves to the civil law.
    • {{rfdate}} Francis Beaumont & He is addicted to his study.
    • {{rfdate}} Adventurer That part of mankind that addict their minds to speculations.
    • {{rfdate}} Thomas Fuller His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity.
    • {{rfdate}}, Thomas Babington Macaulay A man gross ... and addicted to low company.
  3. (obsolete) To adapt; to make suitable; to fit.
    • {{rfdate}} John Evelyn
    • The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth.
Synonyms: (cause someone to become addicted, especially to a harmful drug) get (someone) hooked, (devote) consecrate, dedicate, devote, (adapt) adapt, fit
  • didact
additive inverse etymology So called because the sum of a number and its additive inverse is the additive identity.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (mathematics) The inverse with respect to addition; the opposite. The additive inverse of 12 is −12.
Synonyms: (inverse with respect to addition) negative (colloquial), opposite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A foolish or dull-witted person. The woman called her husband an addle-brain for pouring salt into the batter instead of sugar.
Synonyms: (foolish or dull-witted person): dimwit, idiot, imbecile, moron
addlehead etymology addle + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A foolish or dull-witted person.
    • 1854, Samuel Byron Brittan, The Spiritual Telegraph (volume 3, page 131) Those reverend addleheads, convinced of the genuine character of the communications, but with their "dominant idea," the devil, in their heads, summoned his highness the prince of darkness to give an account of the matter.
address with the informal T-form
verb: {{head}}
  1. {{translation only}}
related terms:
  • address with the polite V-form
address with the polite V-form
verb: {{head}}
  1. {{translation only}}
related terms:
  • address with the informal T-form
adieu {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English adieu also adew, adewe, adue, from Old French adieu, a shortening of a Dieu vous comant, from Latin ad + deus pronunciation
  • (US) /əˈdu/, /əˈdju/
  • {{audio}}
  • (UK) /æˈdjuː/
  • {{rhymes}}
{{rfp}} {{rfap}} {{rfap}} Although the above pronunciations are usually used in American and RP English, neither is the standard pronunciation in French.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Said to wish a final farewell; goodbye.
    • 1599, , , BEATRICE. What fire is in mine ears? Can this be true? Stand I condemn'd for pride and scorn so much? Contempt, farewell! and maiden pride, adieu! No glory lives behind the back of such.
Synonyms: addio, adios, aloha, arrivederci, auf Wiedersehen, au revoir, bye, bye-bye, cheerio, cheers, ciao, farewell, good-by, good-bye, goodbye, good day, sayonara, shalom, so long
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A farewell, a goodbye; especially a fond farewell, or a lasting or permanent farewell. We bid our final adieus to our family, then boarded the ship, bound for America.
Particularly used in phrase bid adieu.
adland etymology ad + land
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The world of advertising
admin etymology Shortening of administrator or administration. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈædˌmɪn/
  • /ədˈmɪn/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (transitive, computing, informal) A system administrator; one who maintains a computer system or network. Our admin changed the server in our office, so we can exchange files faster..
  2. (transitive, internet, informal) A user of a discussion forum, web site, etc. with privilege allowing them to control or restrict the activity of other uses. The admin changed the forum settings to enable the use of emoticons.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, computing, informal) To serve as an administrator for or of.
  • Mdina
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The administrative layer of an organization's hierarchy
Admiral's eighth
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Royal Navy slang, 18th Century) The Admiral's share of any booty or prize captured by any ship under his command
Admiralty ham
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Royal Navy slang, c. 1900) Tinned fish
adorabubble etymology Reduplicative form of adorable, perhaps imitating childish speech, and incorporating bubble.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, rare) cute; lovable
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Adorable.
    • {{quote-news}} "Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) surprised his daughters on Friday evening with an addition to their family: a fluffy white rescue pooch named “Snowflake” (Adorbs!)."
  • Often used in the phrase totes adorbs (totally adorable).
adorkable pronunciation
  • (US) /ʌˈdɔɹkəbl̩/
etymology From adorable + dork.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Adorable in a socially awkward manner.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, or characterized by adultery.
adultivity etymology adult + ity
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) The state or quality of being an adult; majority.
advergame etymology From advertisement and game.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A computer game published by an advertiser in order to promote a product or service.
    • {{quote-news}}
advert {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English adverten, from Old French advertir "to notice", from Latin advertere "to turn toward". See adverse.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) An advertisement, an ad.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To turn attention.
  2. To call attention, refer; construed with to.
    • 1842, Edgar Allan Poe, ‘The Mystery of Marie Rogêt’: ‘I have before suggested that a genuine blackguard is never without a pocket-handkerchief. But it is not to this fact that I now especially advert.’
    • 2007 September 9, the (trans.), (speaker), speaking in German at , Austria: At a time when creation seems to be endangered in so many ways through human activity, we should consciously advert to this dimension of Sunday, too.
Synonyms: refer
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An advertisement masquerading as an actual news or feature article in a newspaper or magazine
advertisingese etymology From advertising + ese.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The jargon used in advertising.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of aerate
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Supplied or infused with air or oxygen
  2. (informal) annoyed, agitated
Synonyms: (annoyed, agitated) aeriated, airyated
verb: {{head}}
  1. past of aeriate
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorous or nonstandard) aerated in the sense of annoyed or agitated exampleCalm down! There's no point getting aeriated about it.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or pertaining to aviation We've seen a lot of growth in the aero sector.
    • 1918, Illustrated World (volume 29, issue 3, page 406) According to aero experts these planes will be capable of carrying six passengers, five machine guns, a special rapid fire aerogun and about fifty bombs, and will be practically immune from injury due to attacks by the light battleplanes …
  2. Aerodynamic, or having an aerodynamic appearance It's a very aero design, with smooth lines.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, uncountable, auto racing) Aerodynamics
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. (informal, countable, dated) An airplane or airship.
  • Eora
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorous) Of or pertaining to aerial navigation. His job many involves aeropleustic issues.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. initialism of air force
  2. initialism of atrial fibrillation
  3. initialism of autofocus
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. initialism of antiferromagnetic
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) initialism of as fuck
  • fa, FA
etymology 1 From Middle French affecter, French affecter, and its source, the participle stem of Latin afficere, from ad- + facere. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /əˈfɛkt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To influence or alter. The experience affected me deeply. The heat of the sunlight affected the speed of the chemical reaction.
    • Macaulay The climate affected their health and spirits.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (transitive) To move to emotion. He was deeply affected by the tragic ending of the play.
    • Edmund Burke A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and pure principles.
  3. (transitive) Of an illness or condition, to infect or harm (a part of the body). Hepatitis affects the liver.
  4. (transitive, archaic) To dispose or incline.
    • Milton men whom they thought best affected to religion and their country's liberty
  5. (transitive, archaic) To tend to by affinity or disposition.
    • Newton The drops of every fluid affect a round figure.
  6. (transitive, archaic) To assign; to appoint.
    • Thackeray One of the domestics was affected to his special service.
Affect and effect are sometimes confused. Affect conveys influence over something that already exists, but effect indicates the manifestation of new or original ideas or entities:
  • “ policies have effected major changes in government.”
  • “ policies have affected major changes in government.”
The former indicates that major changes were made as a result of new policies, while the latter indicates that before new policies, major changes were in place, and that the new policies had some influence over these existing changes. The verbal noun uses of affect are distinguished from the verbal noun uses of effect more clearly than the regular verb forms. An affect is something that acts or acted upon something else. However, an effect is the result of an action (by something else).
Synonyms: (influence or alter) alter, change, have an effect on, have an impact on, influence, (move to emotion) move, touch, (infect) attack
etymology 2 From xno affecter, Middle French affecter, and their source, Latin affectāre, frequentative of afficere (see Etymology 1, above). pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /əˈfɛkt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete, transitive) To aim for, to try to obtain. {{defdate}}
    • Dryden This proud man affects imperial sway.
  2. (transitive, now rare) To feel affection for (someone); to like, be fond of. {{defdate}}
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.10: From that day forth she gan to him affect, / And daily more her favour to augment […].
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, I.2.4.vii: A young gentlewoman in Basil was married…to an ancient man against her will, whom she could not affect; she was continually melancholy, and pined away for grief […].
    • 1663, Samuel Butler, , part 1, : But when he pleased to show 't, his speech / In loftiness of sound was rich; / A Babylonish dialect, / Which learned pedants much affect.
    • Fuller As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected, rather honoured than loved, her.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To show a fondness for (something); to choose. {{defdate}}
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, III.9: Amongst humane conditions this one is very common, that we are rather pleased with strange things then with our owne; we love changes, affect alterations, and like innovations.
    • Shakespeare For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for it, indeed.
    • Hazlitt Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor court that of the great.
  4. (transitive) To make a show of; to put on a pretence of; to feign; to assume. To make a false display of. {{defdate}} to affect ignorance He managed to affect a smile despite feeling quite miserable.
    • Congreve Careless she is with artful care, / Affecting to seem unaffected.
    • Shakespeare Thou dost affect my manners.
Synonyms: (make a false display of) fake, simulate, feign
etymology 3 Middle English affect, from Latin affectus, adfectus, from afficere pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈæfɛkt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) One's mood or inclination; mental state. {{defdate}}
  2. (obsolete) A desire, an appetite. {{defdate}}
  3. (psychology) A subjective feeling experienced in response to a thought or other stimulus; mood, emotion, especially as demonstrated in external physical signs. {{defdate}}
    • 1999, Joyce Crick, translating Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, Oxford 2008, p. 62: if we are afraid of robbers in a dream, the robbers are certainly imaginary, but the fear is real. This draws our attention to the fact that the development of affects {{transterm}} in dreams is not amenable to the judgement we make of the rest of the dream-content [...].
    • 2004, Jeffrey Greenberg & Thomas A Pyszczynski, Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology, p. 407: A third study demonstrated that the effects of self-affirmation on self-regulated performance were not due to positive affect.
Affect and effect can both be used as nouns or verbs, but when used as a noun the word affect is limited to the above psychology uses and the definitions for effect are much more common. See also the usage notes as a verb above.
related terms:
  • affecter
  • affective
  • affection
  • affectionate
affluence of incohol etymology Jokingly implying that the person is drunk and can not say the correct term.
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (humorous) A deliberate spoonerism of the "influence of alcohol".
Usually preceded by "under the...".
affluent etymology Middle French affluent, from Latin affluentem, accusative singular of affluēns, present active participle of affluō, from ad + fluō (cognate via latter to fluid, flow). Sense of “wealthy” (plentiful flow of goods) c. 1600, which also lead to nominalization affluence.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} Only relation to antonym indigent is common Latinate suffix + ent. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈæənt/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈæənt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{rft-sense}} Somebody who is wealth.
    • 1994, Philip D. Cooper, Health care marketing: a foundation for managed quality (page 183) The affluents are most similar to the professional want-it-alls in their reasons for preferring specific hospitals and in their demographic characteristics.
  2. A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream; a tributary.
Synonyms: See also
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Abundant; copious; plenteous.
    • H. Reed language…affluent in expression
  2. (by extension) Abounding in goods or riches; materially wealthy.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  3. (dated) Tributary.
  4. (obsolete) Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
    • Harvey affluent blood
Synonyms: See also
etymology 1 From xno afier, from ll affidare.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To trust (in someone or something); to rely (on). {{defdate}}
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, First Folio 1623, I.1: Marcus Andronicus, so I do affie / In thy vprightnesse and Integrity […].
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To promise to marry (someone); to be engaged to. {{defdate}}
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.8: He, though affide unto a former love, / To whom his faith he firmely ment to hold, / […] Her graunted love, but with affection cold […].
etymology 2 Shortening of affidavit.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An affidavit to be signed by a contest winner to confirm eligibility.
    • 1997, "Sandretto", Singapore Contest.... (on newsgroup alt.consumers.sweepstakes) If you have won a monthly prize, they will send you an affy and have you send it back. Then your prize comes from a courier.
    • 1999, "Suzy", Any BIG winners? (on newsgroup alt.consumers.sweepstakes) The contest ended in mid November, I got the affy Christmas eve, and I picked up the car February 4th or 5th.
aforelinked etymology afore + linked
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (internet, informal) Previously link. If you'd read the aforelinked article, you wouldn't need to ask that question.
afraid etymology From Middle English affrayed, affraied, past participle of afraien, from xno afrayer, from Old French effreer, esfreer, from es- + freer, from frk *friþu, from Proto-Germanic *friþuz, from Proto-Germanic *frijōną, from Proto-Indo-European *prāy-, *prēy-. Compare also afeard. More at free, friend. pronunciation
  • /əˈfɹeɪd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (usually used predicatively, not attributively) Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear. He is afraid of death. He is afraid to die. He is afraid that he will die.
  2. (colloquial) regretful, sorry I am afraid I can not help you in this matter.
  • (Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive) afraid expresses a lesser degree of fear than terrified or frightened. It is often followed by the preposition and the object of fear, or by an infinitive, or by a dependent clause, as shown in the examples above.
Synonyms: (Impressed with fear or apprehension) afeared, alarmed, anxious, apprehensive, fearful, timid, timorous, (Regretful) sorry, See also
  • {{rank}}
a fresh fucked fox in a forest fire pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, chiefly, southern US) Something which is extremely hot, in any sense. Hot weather{{cite web|url=|title=couch and conservation|publisher=Tucson Weekly}}, sexual arousal''A Dirty Shame, 2004'', one who is wanted by the police''Another Day in Paradise, 1999'', etc. are all described as "hotter than..." or "as hot as a fresh fucked fox in a forest fire",
Africoon etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) An African.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
afternoonish etymology afternoon + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of afternoon. an afternoonish light
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) Around the time of afternoon. I'll see you Wednesday afternoonish.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) dessert What are we having for afters, Mum? I really want ice cream...
  2. (informal) The festivities held after a wedding meal. To keep costs down at our wedding, we only had family at the banquet, but invited all our friends to the afters.
  3. (British, Irish, informal, sport) fighting or arguing off the ball or when play has stopped
    • 2010 David Lewis South Africa v England - as it happened: Proteas rip into top order as tourists flounder Daily Mail (16 January 2010): 42-2: From the other end Strauss has a bit of afters with Morne Morkel after yet another bouncer raps him on the gloves.
    • 2012 Nine-man Harps crushed in Wexford Donegal News (12 May 2012): Clarke was dismissed in the sixty-seventh minute ... for overly enthusiastic afters with one of the Wexford players.
  • farest, faster, strafe
afty etymology Diminutive with -y.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) afternoon
    • 2004, Thomas Neradin, The Last Train (page 63) This afty, I'm going to a funeral of a toe rag that we once did a few jobs with.
    • 2007, Sharon Mawdesley, Keeping Control: The Emancipation of Jenny Dobson (page 26) “It's up to my daughter who comes to her party,” her father was saying, “but you lot look like you've put a few away this afty, an' the last thing we want is any bother.”
a fuck sight
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, colloquial, vulgar, uncountable) a large amount; a lot.
    • 1987, : Withnail: I tell you I've a fuck sight more talent than half the rubbish that gets on television.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (UK, colloquial, vulgar) a lot; a great deal.
again {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: againe, agayne, ageyne (obsolete); agin (colloquial or humorous) pronunciation
  • (UK) /əˈɡeɪn/, /əˈɡɛn/
  • (US) /əˈɡɛn/
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etymology From Middle English again, ayain, anȝen, from Old English onġēan, equivalent to a + gain. Cognate with Danish igen, Swedish igen.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (obsolete) Back in the reverse direction, or to an original starting point. {{defdate}} exampleBring us word again.
    • 1526, The Bible, tr. William Tyndale, Gospel of Matthew 2: And after they were warned in ther slepe, that they shulde not go ageyne to Herod, they retourned into ther awne countre another way.
  2. Back (to a former place or state). {{defdate}} exampleWe need to bring the old customs to life again. exampleThe South will rise again.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, 19 , [ The China Governess] , “Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.”
  3. (obsolete) In return, as a reciprocal action; back. {{defdate}}
    • {{RQ:Mlry MrtDrthr}}: but Merlyn warned the kynge couertly that gweneuer was not holsome for hym to take to wyf / for he warned hym that launcelot shold loue her and she hym ageyne
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.31: So women are never angrie, but to the end a man should againe be angrie with them, therein imitating the lawes of Love.
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, I.2.4.vii: Thus men are plagued with women, they again with men, when they are of diverse humours and conditions{{nb...}}.
    • 1852–3, Charles Dickens, Bleak House As he lies in the light before a glaring white target, the black upon him shines again{{nb...}}.
  4. Another time; once more. {{defdate}}
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 8 , “The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again;…. Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.”
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’{{nb...}}.{{nb...}}.” So I started to back away again into the bushes. But I hadn't backed more'n a couple of yards when I see something so amazing that I couldn't help scooching down behind the bayberries and looking at it.”
    • 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward (publisher), draft: He tangled in tree-tops again and again / And barely missed hitting a tri-motored plane.
    • 1979, Charles Edward Daniels et al., “The Devil Went Down to Georgia” (song), Million Mile Reflections, Charlie Daniels Band, Epic Records: Johnny said, “Devil, just come on back if you ever want to try again / I done told you once, you son of a bitch, I’m the best that’s ever been.”
    • 2010, Simon Hattenstone, The Guardian, 30 October: The last sentence is so shocking, I have to read it again.
  5. Over and above a factor of one. {{defdate}}
    • 1908 December 10, Austin Hobart Clark, “New Genera and Species of Crinoids”, Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Volume XXI, pp.229–230: Cirri l-lxxx, 15, about 12mm. long; first two joints short, about twice as broad as long; third about one-third again [=one and one-third times] as long as broad; fourth and fifth the longest, about half again [=one and a half times] as long as broad;{{nb...}}.
  6. Used metalinguistically, with the repetition being in the discussion, or in the linguistic or pragmatic context of the discussion, rather than in the subject of discussion. {{defdate}} exampleGreat, thanks again!
    1. Tell me again, say again; used in asking a question to which one may have already received the answer, but cannot remember it. exampleWhat's that called, again?
    2. I ask again, I say again; used in repeating a question or statement. exampleAgain, I'm not criticizing, I just want to understand.
    3. Here too, here also, in this case as well; used in applying a previously made point to a new instance; sometimes preceded by "here". exampleApproach B is better than approach A in many respects, but again, there are difficulties in implementing it.
      • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire.
  7. (obsolete) In any other place. {{rfquotek}}
  8. (obsolete) On the other hand.
    • {{rfdate}} William Shakespeare (1564–1616) The one is my sovereign…the other again is my kinsman.
  9. Moreover; besides; further.
    • {{rfdate}} Hersche Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc.
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. (obsolete or dialectal) Against.
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book X: And here begynneth the treson of Kynge Marke that he ordayned agayne Sir Trystram.
    • 1924, J H Wilkinson, Leeds Dialect Glossary and Lore, page 60 Ah'd like to wahrn (warn) thi agaan 'evvin owt to dew wi' that chap.
    • 2003, Glasgow Sunday Herald, page 16, column 2: You may think you are all on the same side, agin the government.
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The pronunciation /əˈɡeɪn/ is chiefly poetic.
against Alternative forms: againest (obsolete), agaynst (obsolete), agaynest (obsolete), agenst (obsolete), agenest (obsolete), ageinst (obsolete), ageinest (obsolete), ageynst (obsolete), ageynest (obsolete), agin (colloquial or humorous) etymology Formed from Middle English agenes, againes, a southern variant of agen, or directly from again, either way with adverbial genitive singular ending -es; the parasitic -t was added circa 1350, probably by confusion with the superlative ending -est. Surface analysis again + st. pronunciation
  • (UK) /əˈɡɛnst/, /əˈɡeɪnst/
  • (US) /əˈɡɛnst/
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preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. (heading, physical) A close but separated relationship.
    1. In a contrary direction to. exampleIf you swim against the current, you must work harder.
    2. Close to.{{rfex}} exampleThe kennel was put against the back wall.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “We expressed our readiness, and in ten minutes were in the station wagon, rolling rapidly down the long drive, for it was then after nine.…As we reached the lodge we heard the whistle, and we backed up against one side of the platform as the train pulled up at the other.”
    3. In front of; before a background. exampleThe giant was silhouetted against the door.
    4. In physical contact with. exampleThe puppy rested its head against a paw.
    5. In physical opposition to, or in collision with. exampleThe rain pounds against the window.
      • 1922, Michael Arlen, [ “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days], 3/19/2 , “Ivor had acquired more than a mile of fishing rights with the house ; he was not at all a good fisherman, but one must do something ; one generally, however, banged a ball with a squash-racket against a wall.”
  2. (heading, social) A contrasting or competitive relationship.
    1. In contrast and/or comparison with. exampleHe stands out against his local classmates.
    2. In competition with, versus. exampleThe Tigers will play against the Bears this weekend.
      • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} “[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves.”
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    3. In opposition to. exampleAre you against freedom of choice?  I'd bet against his succeeding.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 4 , “Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.”
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  3. In exchange for.{{rfex}}
  4. As counterbalance to.{{rfex}}
  5. As a charge on.{{rfex}}
  6. As protection from. exampleHe turned the umbrella against the wind.
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  7. (obsolete) Exposed to.{{rfex}}
  8. In anticipation of; in preparation for (a particular time, event etc.).
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, II.11: He wrote to a friend of his, that he lived but with browne bread and water, and entreated him to send him a piece of cheese, against {{transterm}} the time he was to make a solemne feast.
Synonyms: (in competition with) versus
antonyms: {{checksense}}
  • for
  • with
conjunction: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete) By the time that (something happened); before.
    • {{RQ:Spenser Faerie Queene}}, II.ix: Thence she them brought into a stately Hall, / Wherein were many tables faire dispred, / And ready dight with drapets festiuall, / Against the viaundes should be ministred.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 6: He now gave Mrs Deborah positive orders to take the child to her own bed, and to call up a maid-servant to provide it pap, and other things, against it waked.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In opposition to something. exampleAre you for the new ring road? No, I'm against.
  2. (gambling) Having a specified likelihood of not winning or happening. exampleThe second favourite won the race at odds of two to one against.
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