The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


bring on
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, transitive) To cause. Excessive drinking can bring on depression
  2. (idiomatic, transitive) To make something appear, as on a stage or a place of competition.
    • {{quote-journal}}
    • {{quote-news }}
  3. (idiomatic, intransitive, US, informal, often, as imperative) To pose a challenge or threat; to attack; to compete aggressively.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-news}}
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brinner etymology {{blend}}, on the pattern of brunch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous slang) A meal consisting of a fusion of breakfast (one’s first meal upon awakening) and dinner.
    • {{seecites}}
Brisbane {{wikipedia}} etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation
  • /ˈbɹɪzbən/ 2003, ''Macquarie ABC Dictionary'', The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd, page 121, ISBN 0 876429 37 2
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. Large city and State capital of Queensland (Australia).
Synonyms: (Australian city) Brissie / Brizzie (informal)
Brissie Alternative forms: Brissy, Brizzie
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal, Australia) Brisbane
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) Bristol, England (in imitation of the local dialect)
    • Krek Waiter, Peak Bristle. Correct Way to Speak Bristol.
Bristol Alternative forms: Brigstow (obsolete)[[Image:wikisource-logo.svg|15px]] '''[[wikisource:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Bristol (England)|Bristol (England)]]''' in the [[w:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica|1911 Encyclopædia Britannica]]., Bristole (obsolete), Bristou (obsolete), Bristow (obsolete), Brizzle (informal) pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈbɹɪstəl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{wikipedia}} {{wikivoyage}} {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A city and county in south-west England bordering Gloucestershire, Somerset and The River Severn.
  2. {{surname}}
related terms:
  • Bristol board
  • Bristol brick
  • Bristol Channel
  • Bristol diamond
  • Bristolian
  • bristoliensis
  • Bristol onion
  • Bristol rockcress
  • Bristol stool chart
  • Bristol whitebeam
  • shipshape and Bristol fashion
Brit {{wikipedia}} etymology 1901, either a shortening of Britisher or Briton, or a back-formation from British. pronunciation
  • /bɹɪt/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, formerly offensive) A British person.
  2. A Brit Award, a prize for musicians in Britain.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. abbreviation of British
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. abbreviation of Britain
  2. (lexicography) abbreviation of British English
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) British sitcom
Britfag etymology Brit + fag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet slang, sometimes pejorative) A person from the United Kingdom.
Synonyms: Brit, Briton
British {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: Brittish (archaic) etymology In Old English as Bryttisc . The spelling with single -t- appears in the 13th century under the influence of Latin Britannia, but spelling with -tt- persists alongside -t- during the 13th to 17th centuries. In reference to the island of Great Britain from ca. 1400 (Latin natio Anglica sive Britannica, Brittisshe occean 1398, the Britishe nacion 1548). As a noun, referring to the British people, British soldiers, etc. from ca. 1600. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈbɹɪt.ɪʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. With the, the citizens or inhabitants of Britain collectively.
  2. With the, the citizens or inhabitants of the United Kingdom collectively.
  3. (history) The ancient inhabitants of the southern part of Britain before the Anglo-Saxon invasion, also called ancient Briton.
  4. The Celtic language of the ancient Britons
  5. The British English language.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of Britain (meaning the British Isles)
  2. Of the United Kingdom.
  3. Of the Commonwealth of Nations, or the British Empire.
  4. (historical) Of the ancient inhabitants of the southern part of Britain; Brythonic.
  5. Of British English.
  • {{seeCites}}
  • {{rank}}
British Commonwealth
proper noun: British Commonwealth
  1. (informal) The Commonwealth of Nations.
Britisher etymology From British + er. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈbrɪtɪʃə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Briton.
    • 1833, Frederick Chamier, The Life of a Sailor, J. & J. Harper, page 215 "Why now, I expect," said the American, "you would not shoot me in cold blood, although you are a Britisher, I guess."
  • Britisher is mainly used in the Indian subcontinent, having become popular there during the British Raj. Its use was once considered pejorative, but is now mostly considered jocular.
Britpopper etymology Britpop + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Britpop musician.
Britpoppy etymology Britpop + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of Britpop.
brittle {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈbɹɪtl̩/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English britel, brutel, brotel, from Old English *, equivalent to brit + le. More at brit.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Inflexible, liable to break or snap easily under stress or pressure. Cast iron is much more brittle than forged iron. A diamond is hard but brittle.
    • 1977, , , Penguin Classics, p. 329: 'Do you suppose our convent, and I too, / Are insufficient, then, to pray for you? / Thomas, that joke's not good. Your faith is brittle.
  2. Not physically tough or tenacious; apt to break or crumble when bending.
    • Shortbread is my favorite cold pastry, yet being so brittle it crumbles easily, and a lot goes to waste.
  3. (archaeology) Said of rocks and minerals with a conchoidal fracture; capable of being knap or flake.
  4. Emotionally fragile, easily offend. What a brittle personality! A little misunderstanding and he's an emotional wreck.
  5. (informal, proscribed)[ Diabetes Mellitus (DM)], Merck manual Diabetes that is characterized by dramatic swings in blood sugar level.
related terms:
  • brittleness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A confection of caramelize sugar and nut. As a child, my favorite candy was peanut brittle.
  2. (uncountable) Anything resembling this confection, such as flapjack, a cereal bar, etc.
Synonyms: brickle
  • blitter, triblet
Brizzle etymology Imitative of the pronunciation used by some natives of Bristol. pronunciation
  • /ˈbrɪz.l/
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK dialect, Bristol, informal) Bristol
bro {{slim-wikipedia}} etymology abbreviation of brother pronunciation
  • (US) /bɹoʊ/
  • (RP) /bɹəʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) brother; a male sibling
  2. (slang) brother; a male comrade or friend; one who shares one’s ideals.
  3. (slang) brother; an African-American.
  4. (slang) brother; used to address a male
  5. (slang) a fratboy or someone that espouses the fraternity bro culture
  • bor orb, rob, Rob
broad {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English brood, brode, from Old English brād, from Proto-Germanic *braidaz, of uncertain origin. Cognate with Scots braid, Western Frisian breed, Saterland Frisian breed, Low German breed, breet, Dutch breed, German breit, Danish bred, Swedish bred, Icelandic breiður. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • /bɹɔːd/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Wide in extent or scope. three feet broad the broad expanse of ocean
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 2 , “Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.”
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. Extended, in the sense of diffused; open; clear; full.
    • Bishop Porteus broad and open day
  3. Having a large measure of any thing or quality; not limited; not restrained.
    • John Locke a broad mixture of falsehood
  4. Comprehensive; liberal; enlarged.
    • D. Daggett The words in the Constitution are broad enough to include the case.
    • E. Everett in a broad, statesmanlike, and masterly way
  5. Plain; evident. a broad hint
  6. Free; unrestrained; unconfined.
    • Shakespeare as broad and general as the casing air
  7. (dated) Gross; coarse; indelicate. a broad compliment; a broad joke; broad humour
  8. (of an accent) Strongly regional.
  9. (Gaelic languages) Velarized, i.e. not palatalize.
  • (Regarding occupied space, width of an object) thin, narrow
  • (Regarding body width) skinny
  • (Not palatalized) slender
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated) A prostitute, a woman of loose morals.
  2. (US) A woman or girl. Who was that broad I saw you with?
  3. (UK) A shallow lake, one of a number of bodies of water in eastern Norfolk and Suffolk.
  4. A lathe tool for turning down the insides and bottoms of cylinder. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: See also , See also , See also
  • abord
  • board
  • dobra, Dobra
broadbrim etymology broad + brim
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A hat with a very broad brim.
  2. (humorous, dated) A Quaker.
{{Webster 1913}}
broccoli {{wikipedia}} {{commons}} etymology 1699, Italian broccoli, plural of broccolo, diminutive of brocco (which is also the origin of brocade{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}}), from Latin broccus, possibly of Gaulish origin, related to Proto-Celtic *brokkos or Proto-Celtic *brozdos (compare Scottish Gaelic brog, Welsh procio, Old English brord). More at brochure, brad. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈbɹɒ.kə.li/
  • (US) /ˈbɹɑ.kə.li/, /ˈbɹɑ
  • (AU) /ˈbɹɒ.kə.li/, /ˈbɹɒ.kə.laɪ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A plant, {{taxlink}}, of the cabbage family, Brassicaceae; especially, the tree-shaped flower and stalk that are eaten as a vegetable.
related terms:
  • brocade
  • Calabrese (UK)
brodeo etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A gathering featuring and/or appealing primarily to men.
    • 2007, Robert Morris, "This punch is way better, bro", Texas Travesty (University of Texas), Volume 9, Issue 6, September 2007, page 14: Dude! The hottest chick just walked in. The ratio just got a bit better, but this party is still a brodeo.
    • 2010, "10th Annual Coldest Beer", Boise Weekly, Volume 20, Issue 1, 29 June 2010 - 5 July 2010, page 35: It's Jell-O shots, beer pong, backwards baseball caps and a full-on brodeo every day of the week in this three-barred behemoth. It's a club for the sports-bar set.
    • 2014, "What Did You Give Wee Baby Jesus For Christmas?", The Black Sheep (University of Kentucky), 11 December 2014, page 16: Chillin' with the Chet-meister waiting for the rest of the brodeo to show up so the foosball tournament can begin.
Synonyms: brodown, dickfest, sausage fest, sausage party
coordinate terms:
  • taco fest
Broderick Crawford
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (poker slang) Two pair ten and four
  2. (poker slang) A ten and a four as a starting hand in Texas hold 'em
brodown etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A gathering featuring and/or appealing primarily to men.
    • 2012, James Preller, Before You Go, Feiwel and Friends (2012), ISBN 9781429955300, unnumbered page: “Probably the same old thing—another Saturday-night brodown.” Becka laughed. “A brodown, huh? Sounds fierce. What do you boys do? Play video games and burp a lot?”
    • 2009, Gemma Freeman, "Just A Girl?", Huck, Issue 14, April/May 2009, page 53: After a few false starts I finally meet the Swiss French snowboarder at Europe's winter sports brodown Babylon.
    • 2013, Nick Green, "A year in beer", City Bites, Issue 49, November/December 2013, page 6: All these developments are a sign of the times ahead: the drink, mostly associated with brodowns, is slowly but surely making its way onto the fancy part of the menu.
Synonyms: brodeo, dickfest, sausage fest, sausage party
coordinate terms:
  • taco fest
brody Alternative forms: (rare) brodie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Intentionally spinning in circles and sliding in an automobile. I spun a brody in some chat up at the old zinc mine.
broette etymology bro + ette.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A female comrade or friend.
    • 2009, Claude T. Stauffer, Stay the Course and Stick with the True Gospel, Xulon Press (2009), ISBN 9781607915416, page xxiv: And if you're not a bro or broette in the Lord, we'd love to tell you how you can become one.
    • 2012, "The First Annual Squatties", The Botetourt Squat (satirical newspaper of the College of William & Mary), Volume 2, Issue 6, 27 April 2012, page 8: Shout out to the amazing bros and broettes who live every goddamn day with the super-wonderful company of their Greek friends!
    • 2014, Brianne Richson, "Iowa City's divided soul", The Daily Iowan (University of Iowa), 17 April 2014, page 4A: {{…}} in roughly equal measure to the species of college bro and broette more likely to be found in a bar across the street.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: brosephine, dudette, ladybro, sister
brofist etymology bro + fist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fist bump between men.
brogrammer etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A male programmer who acts like and has the interests of a frat boy, defying stereotypical conceptions of programmers as shy and nerdy.
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
broha etymology unknown, most likely a of bro and aloha, perhaps in association with brah or brotha. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈbɹoʊˈhɑ/, [ˈbɹoʊ̯ˈhɑ]
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Dude, bro. ( Used to address another male, stereotypically used by surfers.)
Synonyms: bro, brah, bra, brosky, dude, man
brohawk etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A Mohawk hairstyle worn by a bro.
    • 2004, Andrew Schwab, It's All Downhill From Here: On The Road With Project 86, Relevant Books (2004), ISBN 9780974694290, page 193: Your brohawk.
    • 2009, Christopher Curtis, "Stop, drop and fight", The Link (Concordia University), Volume 30, Issue 16, 1 December 2009, page 22: Other fighters started filing in: tribal-tattooed, creatine-slamming, brohawk-sporting dudes; …
    • 2011, Noah Walker, "'Bro Night' in Memorial", The Collegian (Grove City College), Volume 72, Number 9, 11 November 2011, page 4 (image caption): Residents of the third floor of Memorial Hall and their “brohawks.”
brohemian etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A bro who has adopted or affects a Bohemian lifestyle.
    • 2003, Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture, page 56: Celebrity brohemians abound. The Strokes, the Hives, and any group lumped into that nouveau rock thing MTV's so in love with right now – all brohemian.
    • 2006, The Fader, Issues 40-41, page 182: Instead he evens the selections out with classics from brohemians like Del tha Funkee Homosapien and Blackalicious
    • 2014, Brooke Geery, "Snow Boarder Or Gypsy?", Yobeat, Winter 2014/2015, page 46 (approx.): We figured it was probably time to give you some tips on how to tell if the individual you are dealing is simply a ”brohemian” who will just steal your weed, or a gypsy who will take you for everything you are worth.
bro-hug Alternative forms: bro hug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A hug shared between male colleague or friend, especially a quick, physically reserved one.
    • 2012, John G. Hartness, Back in Black, Bell Bridge Books (2012), ISBN 9781611941753, unnumbered page: It wasn't even one of the one-armed bro-hugs that we usually do, it was a full-on hug with my arms wrapped all the way around his pudgy body.
    • 2013, Dave Sheinin, RG3: The Promise, Plume (2013), ISBN 9781101623978, unnumbered page: “I'm proud of you,” Brees whispered in Griffin's ear when they met at midfield after the game for the traditional quarterback bro-hug.
    • 2014, Erin Nicholas, Getting in the Spirit, ISBN 9780991557998, unnumbered page: He and Joe did that bro-hug thing that guys did that was not quite a hug but was more than a handshake.
broke pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /brəʊk/
  • (GenAm) {{enPR}}, /broʊk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Lacking money; bankrupt
  2. (informal) Broken.
Synonyms: boracic (UK rhyming slang), skint (UK slang), stony-broke (UK slang'), See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (papermaking) Paper or board that is discarded and repulped during the manufacturing process.
    • 1880, James Dunbar, The Practical Papermaker: A Complete Guide to the Manufacture of Paper, page 12: If the broke accumulates, a larger proportion can be used in making coloured papers, otherwise the above quantity is sufiicient.
    • 1914, The World's Paper Trade Review, Volume 62, page 204: Presumably, most of the brokes and waste were used up in this manner, and during the manufacture of the coarse stuff little or no attention was paid to either cleanliness or colour.
    • 2014 September 25, Judge Diane Wood, NCR Corp. v. George A. Whiting Paper Co.: These mills purchase broke from other paper mills through middlemen and use it to make paper.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-simple past of break
  2. (archaic or poetic) past participle of break
    • 1999 October 3, J. Stewart Burns, "Mars University", Futurama, season 2, episode 2, Fox Broadcasting Company Guenther: I guess the hat must have broke my fall.
    1. (nautical) Demoted, deprived of a commission. He was broke and rendered unfit to serve His Majesty at sea.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To broker; to transact business for another. {{rfquotek}}
  2. (obsolete) To act as procurer in love matters; to pimp.
    • Fanshawe We do want a certain necessary woman to broke between them, Cupid said.
    • Shakespeare And brokes with all that can in such a suit / Corrupt the tender honour of a maid.
  • {{rank}}
etymology 1 break + back; First used for hunchback in 1943 short story,
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (rare) hunchback Damn those brokeback tramps making a mess of our city.
  2. (rare) broken; derelict The brokeback bridges in the hills sadden me: this place used to be beautiful.
etymology 2 From the title of 1997 short story ; popularised by the 2005 . Alternative forms: Brokeback
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, neologism) Of or pertaining to homosexuality. I don't really think Frodo and Sam were gay, even if a couple of the scenes seemed a little brokeback to me.
brokedown Alternative forms: broke down
verb: {{head}}
  1. (informal) past participle of break down
Broken etymology {{back-form}} broken English.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory, slang) Torres Strait Creole.
broken pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈbrəʊkən/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. past participle of break
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Fragmented, in separate pieces.
    1. (of a, bone or body part) Fractured; having the bone in pieces. My arm is broken! the ground was littered with broken bones
    2. (of skin) Split or ruptured. A dog bit my leg and now the skin is broken.
    3. (of a, line) Dashed, made up of short lines with small gaps between each one and the next.
    4. (of sleep) Interrupted; not continuous.
      • {{rfdate}}, , White Fang: Then the circle would lie down again, and here and there a wolf would resume its broken nap.
    5. (meteorology, of the sky) Five-eighth to seven-eighths obscured by clouds; incompletely covered by clouds. Tomorrow: broken skies.
  2. (of a, promise, etc) Breeched; violated; not kept. broken promises of neutrality, broken vows, the broken covenant
  3. Non-functional; not functioning properly. I think my doorbell broken.
    1. (of an, electronic connection) Disconnected, no longer open or carrying traffic.
    2. (software, informal) Badly designed or implemented. This is the most broken application I've seen in a long time.
    3. (pejorative, of language) Grammatically non-standard, especially as a result of being a non-native speaker.
    4. (colloquial, US, of a, situation) Not having gone in the way intended; saddening. Oh man! That is just broken!
  4. (of a, person) Completely defeated and dispirited; shattered; destroyed. The bankruptcy and divorce, together with the death of his son, left him completely broken.
  5. Having no money; bankrupt, broke. {{rfquote-sense}}
  6. (of land) Uneven.
    • 2005, Will Cook, Until Darkness Disappears, page 54: All that day they rode into broken land. The prairie with its grass and rolling hills was behind them, and they entered a sparse, dry, rocky country, full of draws and short cañons and ominous buttresses.
  7. (sports and gaming, of a tactic or option) Overpowered; overly powerful; too powerful.
  • Nouns to which "broken" is often applied: glass, vase, cup, mirror, window, bone, wing, leg, arm, hand, foot, heart, egg, tool, sword, column, road, bridge, stick, device, machine, camera, TV, car, computer, promise, vow, law, trust, dream, relationship, friendship, love, family, marriage, bond, tie, silence, ground, land, circle, image, language, spirit, soul.
related terms:
  • breach
  • break
  • broke
  • {{rank}}
Broken Britain Alternative forms: broken Britain
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) Britain (viewed as a crime-ridden state where society and common sense have failed)
    • 2010 February 22, Jay Z, quoted in "Jay-Z Claims Britain Is 'Broken'", MTV News People are calling it Broken Britain, so there's obviously a problem. The rise of the BNP is also a problem.
    • 2010 March 19, Richard Palmer, "Prince Charles: Tackle a lout and you risk a stabbing", Daily Express PRINCE Charles weighed into the debate on Broken Britain yesterday, warning of the risks of ordinary citizens being stabbed while trying to stop litter louts.
    • 2012 August 11, Alistair Campbell, "London Olympics have redefined how Britain sees itself", CNN A year ago, amid the London riots, people were entitled to wonder if Mr Cameron had a point about Broken Britain.
  • Used primarily in tabloid newspapers.
broken source
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (software, derogatory) A subset of open source computer software that is considered buggy, unstable and incomplete.
broket etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) An angle bracket: either of the symbol < and > when used as an enclosing pair.
    • 1999, Gary Allen, Resource guide for food writers (page 3) Electronic addresses, logins, and passwords are shown enclosed in brokets such as: <>. The brokets are not part of the addresses.
brolly etymology From umbrella, by contraction, + y. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, NZ, Australia, informal) Umbrella. It's going to rain today — you'd better take your brolly.
bromance {{wikipedia}} etymology {{blend}}. Editor coined the term in the skateboard magazine in the 1990s to refer specifically to the sort of relationships that develop between skaters who spent a great deal of time together.{{cite news | last = Elliott | first = Tim | title = A grand bromance | work = The Age | date = 2007-08-23 | url = | accessdate = 2008-10-28}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A close but non-sexual relationship between two men, a form of homosocial intimacy.
Synonyms: man crush
coordinate terms:
  • girl crush
  • womance
bromantic etymology bromance + ic, on model of romantic. Alternatively {{blend}}.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Having the qualities of bromance, pertaining to a close but non-sexual relationship between two men, a form of homosocial intimacy.
    • 2013, John Alberti, Masculinity in Contemporary Popular Cinema: Gender as Genre … whether Andrew represents a bohemian hipster ideal or a version of the bromantic perpetual adolescent.
bromidiom etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, dated) A conventional comment or saying; a bromide.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, computing) 1027 or 290 byte
brony etymology {{blend}}, coined circa 2010 on 4chan forum boards. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈbroʊni/
  • (RP) /ˈbrəʊni/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A (usually major) fan of the animated television series , typically an adult male.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: ponyfag (offensive)
  • pegasister (female fan)
brood sow
noun: {{head}}
  1. a female pig kept for breeding
  2. (pejorative) breeder, a woman raising children
related terms:
  • herd boar
  • broodmare
brookie etymology brook + ie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A brook trout.
    • {{quote-news}}
broom closet etymology By analogy with closet, and due to the association of withcraft with brooms.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (figuratively, often humorously) The metaphorical place in which a Wiccan's religious identity is hidden.
  2. Used other than as an idiom: broom, closet
Broomhandle Mauser etymology From its distinctive wooden handle
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (firearms, informal) The pistol
broomie etymology From broom + ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A person who wields a broom.
    • 2005, Bernie DeKoven, Junkyard Sports, [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hKIJT5XJK9OhiQfIyPW_CQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22%20-intitle%3A%22broomie%22%20-inauthor%3A%22broomie%22&f=false page 37], Two players are named broomies, and each is positiones at either end of the court. Each has two brooms.
  2. (informal, Australia) A person who sweeps the floor and possibly does other menial tasks in a shearing shed.
    • 1913, New South Wales Dept of Agriculture, The Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales, Volume 23, [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&dq=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=EKYJT_61GcuYiAfnpIWTCQ&redir_esc=y page 872], In some big single-board sheds, where pickers-up and broomies have to dodge shearers who are continually crossing the board, plenty of space is necessary, and the board should not be less than 10 feet wide.
    • 1990, John Bernard D′Arcy, Sheep Management and Wool Technology, [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0KsJT_TPL-6TiAer8b2LCQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22%20-intitle%3A%22broomie%22%20-inauthor%3A%22broomie%22&f=false page 103], The ′broomie′, or board boy, should keep the wool pushed up to the lamb being shorn.
  3. (informal, US) A broomtail (unbroken range mare).
    • 1927, David M. Newell, Cougars & Cowboys, [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&dq=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=EKYJT_61GcuYiAfnpIWTCQ&redir_esc=y page 134], In the lead of the broomies ran a beautiful cream buckskin, with black mane flying proudly!
    • 1972 August, Adrienne Richard, Sundance and the Princess, , [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RakJT-bXLcaaiAfyg9yxCQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22%20-intitle%3A%22broomie%22%20-inauthor%3A%22broomie%22&f=false page 22], A broomtail, we called it, and usually broomies had their tails “pulled,” trimmed up, when they were broken to saddle, but I didn't want Sundance′s tail cut.
    • 1989, Stella Hughes, Hashknife Cowboy: Recollections of Mack Hughes, [http//|%22broomies%22+-intitle:%22broomie%22+-inauthor:%22broomie%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hKIJT5XJK9OhiQfIyPW_CQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22broomie%22|%22broomies%22%20-intitle%3A%22broomie%22%20-inauthor%3A%22broomie%22&f=false page 165], One day after corralling a bunch of broomies in a pole corral, I roped a big blue-roan mare that wore a brand.
Broonite etymology Introduced in a comic strip by the satirical magazine Private Eye, styled on The Broons and referring to Gordon Brown's Scottish accent.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, humorous) alternative form of Brownite
bros before hoes Alternative forms: bros before hos
proverb: {{head}}
  1. (US, informal) A man should prioritize his male friends over his girlfriend or wife.
    • 2010, The Big Bang Theory, episode “The Spaghetti Catalyst” Sheldon: Howard made it very clear that my allegiance should be to male comrades before women who sell their bodies for money. Leonard: Is it possible that he said Bros before hoes? Sheldon: Yes, but I rephrased it to avoid offending the hoes.
brosef etymology From bro, short for brother
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A male comrade or friend. Used especially in address.
Synonyms: bro, brother
broseph etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A comrade or friend.
    • 2007, Rick Barba, The Shrieking Shadow, Aladdin Paperbacks (2007), ISBN 9781416908913, page 15: "Come on, broseph," he calls back to Lucas, grinning wildly. "Let's spy on them!"
    • 2010, Jonny Wakefield, Bryce Warnes, & Anna Zoria, "What's on you wall?", The Ubyssey (University of British Columbia), Volume 92, Number 11, 7 October 2010, page 4: Anybody who walks into your room knows immediately that you get blasted, broseph, and that most of your pride, social standing and self worth are derived from your ability to drink litres upon litres of spiced rum.
    • 2014, John Hornor Jacobs, The Shibboleth, Carolrhoda Lab (2014), ISBN 9780761390084, page 312: “That I am, broseph. That I am.”
Synonyms: bro, brother, dude
related terms:
  • brosephine
brosephine etymology {{blend}}, after the pattern of broseph.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A female comrade or friend.
    • 2003, 5 October, Emomakesmefart [username], Jables on SNL,!original/,, “in other words, ROCK ON, BROSEPHS (and brosephines)!!!”
    • 2007, Jake Martin, "Ask Jake", Rose Hill Magazine (Fordham University), Spring 2009, page 7: First of all, good luck finding anyone willing to play beer pong in a wood-paneled rec room, say goodbye to fist-bumping with your brosephines while watching Dane Cook on{{sic}} if Dad's got the remote during an Everybody Loves Raymond marathon, {{…}}
    • 2014, Eddie Alterman, "Two Big Shows" (editor's letter), Car and Driver, Volume 59, Number 8, February 2014, page 9: But in the other no-less-important stylistic sense, these guys are doing the Lord's work for bros and brosephines everywhere.
Synonyms: broette, dudette, ladybro, sister
related terms:
  • broseph
broski {{slim-wikipedia}} Alternative forms: brosky etymology From bro (shortening of brother) + -ski from Russian -ский 〈-skij〉; perhaps influenced by Russki. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) brother; a male sibling
  2. (slang) brother; a male comrade or friend; one who shares one’s ideals.
  3. (slang) Used to address a male
  • May be used to invoke a sort of Russianness or comradeship.
related terms:
  • Russki
  • brewski
  • buttinski
  • offski
brotastic etymology bro + tastic
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, sometimes pejorative) Extremely characteristic of the culture of bro.
    • 2011, Nicolas Pino, "A Week in Ink: Issue No. 26", The Spectrum (University at Buffalo), Volume 61, Number 2, 31 August 2011, page 9: While the canon is represented in partial accuracy, the true issues with this ink and panel transformation is that nothing can replace EPIC's gun-toting brotastic shooter — even itself.
    • 2014, Sean Egan, "Films of greed, romance and daydreamers", The Villager, Volume 83, Number 31, 2 January 2014, page 14: Bradley Cooper is hilarious as a neurotic FBI agent, in a role that should finally wash away the brotastic scent of the “Hangover” sequels for good.
    • 2014, Ryan Syrek, "A Million Ways To Die In The West Is Vile", The Reader, Volume 21, Number 16, 5 June 2014 - 11 June 2014, page 24: A Million Ways to Die in the West is McFarlane’s laborious love letter from himself to his own stupid face and is a continuation of his brotastic brand of “edgy comedy,” which is really just saying awful shit and coyly winking as if to say “ain’t I a charming stinker?”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
brotha etymology From a non-rhotic pronunciation of brother.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, AAVE or Jamaica) eye dialect of brother
brothel {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English brothel, brodel, brodelle, brethel (compare also Middle English bretheling), apparently from an unrecorded Old English *brēoþel, related to Old English ābrēoþan; Old English ābroþen; both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *breuþaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A wretch; a depraved person; a lewd man or woman.
etymology 2 An abbreviation of ‘brothel-house’, ultimately from Old English ābrēoþan, see above.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A house of prostitution.
Synonyms: academy, bawdy-house, bordello, cathouse, crib, escort agency, house of ill fame, house of ill reputation, house of ill repute, knocking shop, leaping house, lupanar, massage parlour, nunnery, pushing school, red house, sauna, sporting house, vaulting school, whorehouse
brotherfucker etymology From brother + fucker.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) Motherfucker (generic term of abuse). This hurts like a brotherfucker!
  2. (literally, vulgar) One who engages in incestuous sex with their brother
    • 1963, Robert E. L. Masters, Patterns of Incest, p 269
  3. (vulgar) A homosexual man.
related terms:
  • motherfucker
  • fatherfucker
  • sisterfucker
brotherfucking etymology From brother + fucking.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (very, vulgar) of, or pertaining to brotherfucker
brother-in-law Alternative forms: brother in law pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈbɹʌðɚ ɪn ˌlɔ/
  • (cot-caught) /ˈbɹʌðɚ ɪn ˌlɑ/
  • (RP) /ˈbrʌðəɹ ɪn ˌlɔː/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A male relative of one's generation, separated by one degree of marriage:
    1. The brother of one's spouse.
    2. The husband of one's sibling.
  2. (uncommon) Co-brother-in-law: A male relative of one's generation, separated by two degrees of marriage:
    1. The husband of the sibling of one's spouse.
    2. The brother of the spouse of one's sibling.
  • 1597, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part I, act 1, sc. 3, We at our own charge shall ransom straight His brother-in-law, the foolish Mortimer;
related terms:
  • daughter-in-law
  • father-in-law
  • mother-in-law
  • sister-in-law
  • son-in-law
  • co-wife
brown {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English broun, from Old English brūn, from Proto-Germanic *brūnaz (compare Western Frisian brún, Dutch bruin, German braun), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHnos (compare Ancient Greek φρύνη 〈phrýnē〉, φρῦνος 〈phrŷnos〉), enlargement of *bʰrew- (compare Lithuanian bė́ras, Sanskrit बभ्रु 〈babhru〉). pronunciation
  • /bɹaʊn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A colour like that of chocolate or coffee. The browns and greens in this painting give it a nice woodsy feel. {{color panel}}
  2. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 4 points.
  3. Black tar heroin.
  4. (sometimes capitalised) A person of Middle Eastern, Latino or South Asia descent; a brown-skinned person; someone of mulatto or biracial appearance
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having a brown colour.
  2. (obsolete) Gloomy.
  3. (sometimes capitalized) Of or relating to any of various ethnic groups having dark pigmentation of the skin.
  • (having brown as its colour) nonbrown
  • American Sign Language: B@Cheek-PalmForward B@Jaw-PalmForward
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To become brown. Fry the onions until they brown.
  2. (cooking) To cook something until it becomes brown. Brown the onions in a large frying pan.
  3. To tan. Light-skinned people tend to brown when exposed to the sun.
  4. (transitive) To make brown or dusky.
    • Barlow A trembling twilight o'er the welkin moves, / Browns the dim void and darkens deep the groves.
  5. (transitive) To give a bright brown colour to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coating of oxide on their surface. {{rfquotek}}
  6. (demography, slang) To turn progressively more Hispanic or Latino, in the context of the population of a geographic region. the browning of America
related terms:
  • brunet
  • burnet
Brown Bess etymology Obscure.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (informal) The British Army's Land Pattern Musket or any of its derivatives, standard-issue weapons for British soldiers in the American Revolution.
brown bottle flu
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) The illness caused by drink too much alcohol; a hangover.
Brown bounce
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, politics, informal) The increase in popularity of the Labour Party following the change of Prime Minister from to in June 2007
brown bread
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Bread with a brown colour as distinct from white bread, wholemeal, granary or other specific types of bread.
  2. (slang) whole-wheat bread
Synonyms: whole-wheat bread / whole wheat bread, wheat bread
related terms:
  • white bread
  • wholemeal bread
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, Cockney rhyming slang) dead
Synonyms: See also
brown-brown {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Powdered cocaine mixed with smokeless gunpowder.
  2. (slang) A form of heroin.
browned off
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) Annoyed, upset, angry, bored, fed up, disgusted Bob was browned off when he was passed over for promotion.
    • 1949, Pvt. Hill, AWOL From U.S. Army, Toured Britain Three Years As Lady Fire Eater, Grape Belt And Chautauqua Farmer - 10 June 1949 "I went AWOL because I was browned off with being a latrine orderly and not because I wanted hazardous duty," Hill said in making his plea.
    • 1958, Government Plans To Merge Some Defence Services, Sydney Morning Herald - 28 March 1958 "Some of our young troop get a bit browned off will constant criticism."
Synonyms: cheesed off, peed off, pissed off, teed off, ticked off
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) The anus.
    • 1987, Greg Matthews, Little Red Rooster‎, p. 170: Thar she blows! Her buns clenched one last time, real hard. You could've cracked walnuts between them. Then they relaxed so much, I could practically see her little browneye, and she's puffing and panting like me.
    • 2003, The Penthouse Erotic Video Guide‎, p. 300: Once her browneye is slippery with pussy slime, the guys take turns fucking it.
    • 2004, Mr. Skin's Skincyclopedia, p. 302: Close-up gyno, back-bush and even winking browneye as Claudia bends forward and submits to her loverman's probing fingers
brown eye
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) the anus
brownie {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} etymology From brown + ie. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈbɹaʊni/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small square piece of rich cake, usually made with chocolate.
    • 2000, , Stick Figure: a diary of my former self, [http//|%22brownies%22+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22brownie%22|%22brownies%22+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZAgLT__MIe6hiAfZytTACQ&redir_esc=y page 173], …if she ever found out she was dying, she'd just eat brownies all day and night until the very end.
    • 2005, Aaron Lazare, On Apology, [http//|%22brownies%22+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RgsLT90C5bCJB4ejtbMJ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22brownie%22|%22brownies%22%20-intitle%3A%22brownie|brownies%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], On a Saturday afternoon, my wife bought her favorite treat for dessert that evening, a gourmet, nut-filled brownie.
    • 2005, Steve Otto, Memoirs of a Drugged-Up, Sex-Crazed Yippie, [http//|%22brownies%22+beer+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YRIMT4L2LaTSmAXj87SYBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22brownie%22|%22brownies%22%20beer%20-intitle%3A%22brownie|brownies%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 228], After cooking the brownies until we could smell the pot, we each ate a large brownie.
  2. (folklore) A mythical creature, a helpful elf who would do people's housework for them.
    • 1908, , The Adventures of A Brownie.
    • 1985, The Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 1, [http//|%22brownies%22+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22brownie%22|%22brownies%22+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_BILT9HLLa6diAfm_IC9CQ&redir_esc=y page 636], Stories were told of a brownie riding horseback to fetch the midwife at childbirth or helping his master to win at checkers.
    • 2004, Justin Hocking, Jeffrey Knutson, Jared Jacang Maher (editors), Life and Limb: Skateboarders Write from the Deep End, [http//|%22brownies%22+beer+-intitle:%22brownie|brownies%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RgYMT4vtErCfmQX29YyvBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22brownie%22|%22brownies%22%20beer%20-intitle%3A%22brownie|brownies%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 37], There are no brownies in my house, though. I know because there's always a pile of dishes in the sink.
  3. (paganism) A household spirit or revered ancestor.
  4. (Australia, New Zealand, colloquial) A tall, long-necked beer bottle, made from brown coloured glass.
  5. (ethnic slur, offensive) A person of Arab, Indian or Hispanic descent. Also rarely used for a Native American or Pacific Islander.
brownie point {{wikipedia}} etymology Unknown, but possibly from brownnose, and often associated with the points or Girl Scouts at the level (ages 6-8) receive for doing specific tasks that when accumulated earn them badges (a sign of recognition) to wear on their Brownie Uniform.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang, chiefly, in the plural) Credit or praise for good work or a good deed, often for the express purpose of curry favor. You're really going to get some brownie points from the teacher for that fantastic essay!
  • This term is often used sarcastically to highlight someone's sycophantic behaviour.
Brownite etymology From the surname of Gordon Brown, British Prime Minister 2007-2010.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) A supporter of Gordon Brown, or his economic or political policies
adjective: {{head}}
  1. Of, or relating to Brownites, or Gordon Brown's government and policies.
brownnose etymology Scatological.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic) One who brownnoses; one who sucks up; a bootlicker, ass-kisser, sycophant.
    • 1997 Ulrich Herbert, Hitler's foreign workers: enforced foreign labor in Germany under the Third Reich, Cambridge University Press, p126 A workmate reported the matter, "which is why the worker threatened to beat up the latter," calling him a "brownnose" and threatening to "wipe the floor with him."
    • 2007 Felicity Young, An Easeful Death, Fremantle Press, p13 'I know, he's a natural brownnose. I guess he does have some talents.'
    • 2010 Joseph Morse, Gods of Ruin: A Political Thriller, p46 You don't have to be such a brownnose, at least not to me.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To flatter someone (especially a superior) in an obsequious manner, and to support their every opinion
related terms:
  • brownnoser, brown noser, brown-noser
brud etymology {{blend}}, or from brother casually pronounced as brudda. Also: A combination of "bro" and "dude" (--> "brude"), which is a synonym for best or really nice friend.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A male friend of a male.
Synonyms: buddy, pal, mate
etymology 1 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic) The rhesus macaque.
    • 1838, James Rennie, The Natural History of Monkeys, Opossums and Lemurs … in adolescence, and still more in youth, it is no less certain that the bruh is both good-natured and intelligent.
etymology 2 A shortening of brother.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) alternative form of bro
{{Webster 1913}}
bruise {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: bruize (obsolete) etymology From Middle English bruisen, brusen, from xno bruiser, bruser, from Gaulish (compare Old Irish brúu), from Proto-Celtic *brusū, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrews- (compare Latin frustum, Church Slavic бръснути 〈brʺsnuti〉, Albanian breshër). Replaced early modern English brise (compare Scots brizz), from Middle English brisen, bresen, from Old English brȳsan, briesan, from Proto-Germanic *brausijaną, causative from the same PIE root. Cognate with Old English brosnian, Dutch broos, German Brosame, dialectal Norwegian brøysk. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /bɹuːz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To strike (a person), originally with something flat or heavy, but now specifically in such a way as to discolour the skin without breaking it.
  2. (transitive) To damage the skin of (fruit), in an analogous way.
  3. (intransitive) Of fruit, to gain bruises through being handled roughly. Bananas bruise easily.
  4. (intransitive) To become bruised. I bruise easily.
  5. (intransitive) To fight with the fist; to box.
    • Thackeray Bruising was considered a fine, manly, old English custom.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (medicine) A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
  2. A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.
Synonyms: (medical) ecchymosis, contusion (technical term), See also
  • buries
  • busier
  • rubies
bruising pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of bruise
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A violent physical attack on a person. You'd better shut up or you'll get a bruising.
Brum etymology Shortened from Brummagem. pronunciation
  • (UK) /bɹʌm/
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (British, informal) A nickname for the English city of Birmingham.
Brummie pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A person from Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    • 2001, David Franklin, Looking For Sarah Jane Smith, Baby Ice Dog Press, Australia, ISBN 9780646410869, unnumbered page, John figured that people who said Ciao were asking to be damaged, especially Brummies with dreary accents who sounded even more absurd than other non-Italian Ciao users.
    • 2009, Steve Mifflin, Exile in the Promised Land, 2013, page 120, His drilled shot is inch perfect and initially I am frozen as the ball hits the back of the net, in front of the open mouthed Brummies massed behind the goal.
    • 2010, Bryan Connor, Voices from a Blue Box: Tales from a Black Country Copper, page 15, The truth is that these days the Brummies have been magnanimous enough to recognise that the Black Country exists and thats{{sic}} at least a start.
  2. (UK, informal, uncountable) The accented variety of English spoken in Birmingham.
    • 2000 August 11, TerryD, "Skinny-Dipping Midlands", uk.rec.naturist, : An easy mistake to make though, you'll hear more Brummie in Welshpool in August than Welsh that's for sure.
    • 2013, Kamil Malarski, Intonation in the Perception of Brummie, Ewa Waniek-Klimczak, Linda R. Shockey (editors), Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers, Springer, page 208, Brummie is the accent spoken in the city of Birmingham in the area of the West Midlands. Despite its being widely discussed in the media, Brummie has not received too much attention from linguists.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (UK, informal) Of or relating to Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    • 1976, Punch, Volume 270, page 265, "Jump on that bus?" he shouted in an even Brummier accent. "Yow must be jokin'. The bleedin' thing hasn't moved in this traffic for near on an hour."
    • 1995 November 3, Audrey MacDonald, "Accents on the Archers",, : Hayley Jordan is played by an actress who's name I can't remember, but who is actually Jasper Carrott's daughter, and apart from Nigel Mansell, you can't get more Brummie than that.
    • 1997, , , 2012, unnumbered page, When the girls smile, he says in his most Brummie Italian, False presumption of binary opposition.
    • 2007, Chris Terrill, Commando, page 78, Mick Beards, thirty-three, is a Brummie with the Brummiest accent you have ever heard.
    • 2011 January 23, darkprince66, "Good old BR Improvisation to keep the service running", uk.railway, : I remember it now having watched the clip! Under Spaghetti Junction too. You can't get more Brummie than that!
related terms:
  • Brum
brung etymology Perhaps by analogy with other strong verbs, but compare also the Old English past participle variant brungen. pronunciation
  • /ˈbɹʌŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial or dialectal, nonstandard) past participle of bring
related terms:
  • brang
  • brought
brupper etymology {{blend}}, on the pattern of brunch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous slang) A meal consisting of a fusion of breakfast (one’s first meal upon awakening) and supper.
brush {{wikipedia}} etymology Middle English brusshe, from Old French broisse (compare Modern French brosse) from vl *bruscia from Proto-Germanic *bruskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bhreus-. Akin to Middle High German bürste, Old English byrst, Middle High German broz, Old English brēost, Proto-Slavic *bъrščь 〈*bʺrščʹ〉. pronunciation
  • /bɹʌʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An implement consisting of multiple more or less flexible bristle or other filaments attached to a handle, used for any of various purposes including clean, paint, and arranging hair.
  2. A piece of conductive material, usually carbon, serving to maintain electrical contact between the stationary and rotating parts of a machine.
  3. The act of brushing something. exampleShe gave her hair a quick brush.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) [As leaves] have with one winter's brush / Fell from their boughs.
  4. (uncountable) Wild vegetation, generally larger than grass but smaller than trees ().
    • 1906, Jack London, , : We broke away toward the north, the tribe howling on our track. Across the open spaces we gained, and in the brush they caught up with us, and more than once it was nip and tuck.
    • 2006, Edwin Black , 2, [ Internal Combustion] , “One typical Grecian kiln engorged one thousand muleloads of juniper wood in a single burn. Fifty such kilns would devour six thousand metric tons of trees and brush annually.”
  5. A short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience. exampleHe has had brushes with communism from time to time.
    • 2013, Russell Brand, Russell Brand and the GQ awards: 'It's amazing how absurd it seems', The Guardian, 13 September: The usual visual grammar was in place – a carpet in the street, people in paddocks awaiting a brush with something glamorous, blokes with earpieces, birds in frocks of colliding colours that if sighted in nature would indicate the presence of poison.
  6. The furry tail of an animal, especially of a fox.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. And why else was he put away up there out of sight?—and so magnificent a brush as he had too.
  7. (zoology) A tuft of hair on the mandible.
  8. (archaic) A short contest, or trial, of speed.
    • Cornhill Magazine Let us enjoy a brush across the country.
  9. (music) An instrument, resembling a brush, used to produce a soft sound from drums or cymbals.
  10. (computer graphics) An on-screen tool for "painting" a particular colour or texture.
    • 2007, Lee Lanier, Maya Professional Tips and Techniques, p.12: Your bitmap image appears along the painted stroke. If you'd like to permanently create a custom sprite brush, it's fairly easy to adapt an existing MEL file{{nb...}}.
  11. (video games) In 3D video game, a convex polyhedron, especially one that defines structure of the play area.
  12. (poker, slang) The floorperson of a poker room, usually in a casino.
  13. (North Wisconsin, uncountable) Evergreen boughs, especially balsam, locally cut and baled for export, usually for use in wreathmaking.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To clean with a brush. Brush your teeth.
  2. To untangle or arrange with a brush. Brush your hair.
  3. To apply with a brush. Brush the paint onto the walls.
  4. To remove with a sweeping motion. Brush the flour off your clothes.
    • Shakespeare As wicked dew as e'er my mother brushed / With raven's feather from unwholesome fen.
  5. To touch with a sweeping motion, or lightly in passing. Her scarf brushed his skin.
    • Fairfax Some spread their sails, some with strong oars sweep / The waters smooth, and brush the buxom wave.
    • Milton Brushed with the kiss of rustling wings.
    • 1990 October 28, , “Further to Fly”, , Warner Bros. Maybe you will find a love that you discover accidentally, who falls against you gently as a pickpocket brushes your thigh.
  • shrub
brussel sprout
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of Brussels sprout
brute {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle French brut, from Latin brūtus, an osc loanword, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us 〈*gʷréh₂us〉. Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς 〈barýs〉, Persian گران 〈grạn〉 and Sanskrit guru. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /bɹuːt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Without reason or intelligence (of animals). {{defdate}} a brute beast
  2. Characteristic of unthinking animals; senseless, unreasoning (of humans). {{defdate}}
    • Milton A creature … not prone / And brute as other creatures, but endued / With sanctity of reason.
  3. Being unconnected with intelligence or thought; purely material, senseless. {{defdate}} the brute earth; the brute powers of nature
  4. Crude, unpolished. {{defdate}}
    • Sir Walter Scott a great brute farmer from Liddesdale
    • The Dilemmas of Social Democracies: Overcoming Obstacles to a More Just World, page 45, Howard Richards, Joanna Swanger, 2006, “The related notion that some facts are relatively more brute than others hearkens back to the ancient metaphysics of Aristotle.”
  5. Strong, blunt, and spontaneous. I punched him with brute force.
  6. Brutal; cruel; fierce; ferocious; savage; pitiless. brute violence
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now archaic) An animal seen as being without human reason; a senseless beast. {{defdate}}
    • 1714, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees: they laid before them how unbecoming it was the Dignity of such sublime Creatures to be sollicitous about gratifying those Appetites, which they had in common with Brutes, and at the same time unmindful of those higher qualities that gave them the preeminence over all visible Beings.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.17: But if he lives badly, he will, in the next life, be a woman; if he (or she) persists in evil-doing, he (or she) will become a brute, and go on through transmigrations until at last reason conquers.
  2. A person with the characteristics of an unthinking animal; a coarse or brutal person. {{defdate}} One of them was a hulking brute of a man, heavily tattooed and with a hardened face that practically screamed "I just got out of jail."
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} She was frankly disappointed. For some reason she had thought to discover a burglar of one or another accepted type—either a dashing cracksman in full-blown evening dress, lithe, polished, pantherish, or a common yegg, a red-eyed, unshaven burly brute in the rags and tatters of a tramp.
  3. (archaic, slang, UK, Cambridge University) One who has not yet matriculate.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. obsolete spelling of bruit
  • buret, rebut, tuber
bruv etymology Shortened from bruvver.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) Brother, mate, friend.
    • 1992, in Today: The lads in the Nags 'Ead were just talking about your bit of managerial bovver and I said to Rodney, 'Bruv, this could be my big chance.'
  • Used mainly to address one's brother, when it is sometimes capitalised.
bruvver etymology Representing the Cockney pronunciation of brother. pronunciation
  • (UK) /bɹʌvə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Cockney slang) Brother.
    • 1953, Ezra Pound, letter to Margaret Anderson, reproduced in Thomas L. Scott et al. (editors), Pound/The Little Review: the Letters of Ezra Pound to Margaret Anderson, New Directions Books (1988), page 314: Gurdjieff I thot a man an a bruvver, but NObuddy is goin to swallow Ouspensky
    • 1992, Harry Bowling, The girl from Cotton Lane, Headline Book Publishing: Gawd knows when yer bruvver's gonna get married.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (automotive) , a tire company
Alternative forms: B.S. , B. S.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. abbreviation of Bachelor of Science
  2. (baseball) abbreviation of blown saves
  3. (accounting) abbreviation of balance sheet
  4. (slang) Euphemistic abbreviation of bullshit
Synonyms: (Bachelor of Science) BSc
  • SB, sb
BTDTBTTS Alternative forms: been there, done that, bought the T-shirt, been there, done that, been there, done that, got the T-shirt, BTDTGTTS etymology From the idea of buying a T-shirt at a tourist spot in order to show others that one has been to that spot.
{{initialism-old}}: {{en-initialism}}
  1. (Internet, humorous) Been there, done that, bought the T-shirt.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{en-initialism}}
  1. (Internet, text) initialism of by the way
  • TWB
  • WTB
bub pronunciation
  • (UK) /bʌb/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Probably imitative of the sound of drinking.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, historical) An alcoholic malt liquor, especially beer.
    • 1838, Samuel Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, [http//|%22bubs%22+-intitle:%22bub|bubs%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=xFcMT76qM8m0iQeOgcWYBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bub%22|%22bubs%22%20-intitle%3A%22bub|bubs%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 662], Bub is made from ground barley and strong worts, and sometimes from strong small worts from the coolers, properly blended and boiled with some hops, in the proportion of one pound to a barrel of worts.
etymology 2 Contraction of bubby.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A woman's breast.
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Penguin 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 631: ‘Mr. Blanford, I esteem that there is nothing more sublime in nature than a glimpse of an English lady's bubs.’
etymology 3 Either a corruption of brother, a modification of bud, or a borrowing from Pennsylvania Dutch Bub (similar to how "hex" was borrowed into American English from Pennsylvania German as well. This would also explain why early attestations of bub were in American English). Alternatively and more likelily, a conflation of all of the previous terms, due to multiple separate coinages by different people. The Pennsylvania Dutch term is ultimately derived from Proto-Germanic ("close [male] relation"), and is thus cognate to English boy, babe, baby and bully.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A term of familiar address; bubba; bubby.
    • 1857, T. B. Aldrich, What Jedd Pallfry found in the Coffin, , Volume 49, [http//|%22bubs%22+-intitle:%22bub|bubs%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eVAMT8TRCKuOiAfZ472cBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bub%22|%22bubs%22%20-intitle%3A%22bub|bubs%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 23], So he changed his brusque manner, and inquired, in a tone which was intended to be extremely conciliatory : ‘ What′s your name, bub ? ’ ‘ The last one, Sir ? ’ asked bub, looking up.
    • 1857, Clara Augusta, Mrs. Peter Dame, George R. Graham, Graham′s Illustrated Magazine, Volume 50, [http//|%22bubs%22+-intitle:%22bub|bubs%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n18MT8_WAYaUiAew0_D2BQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bub%22|%22bubs%22%20-intitle%3A%22bub|bubs%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 398], Mrs. Peter filled her pocket with the cherries — “ Victoria and bub are so fond of them!” and we scrambled into the wagon.
  2. A young brother; a little boy; a familiar term of address for a small boy.
etymology 4
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, slang) A baby.
etymology 5 Shortened from bubble and bubbly.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) champagne; bubbly.
    • 2003, , "": "You find me in da club, bottle full of bub"
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To throw out in bubbles; to bubble. {{rfquotek}}
bubba etymology Possibly an alteration of brother or bub, said by a young child not yet able to pronounce brother properly, but note similar terms in other Germanic languages derived from Proto-Germanic , such as West Frisian bobbe, German Bube ("boy"), Swedish dialectal babbe ("little boy"), English babe, Dutch boef ("mischievous lad, rascal"), Middle Low German bōve, and Icelandic bófi. Also, compare sissy.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Southern US, childish) Brother; used as term of familiar address.
    • Low Red Moon‎, page 27, Caitlin R. Kiernan, 2007, “"Hey, bubba, is that really you? Goddamn. I haven't heard from you in a coon's age." / "Don't 'hey, bubba' me, you sonofabitch.”
  2. A working-class white male from the southern US (stereotyped as loutish).
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 2011, Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin 2012, page 120: Their subjects were not bubbas from the bayous but affluent students at the University of Michigan who had lived in the South for at least six years.
Bubbafication etymology Bubba + fication
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) The process of making or becoming less sophisticated and/or more characteristic of the culture of the rural United States.
    • 2000, Christina Waters, "Such a deal", Metro Santa Cruz, 8 March - 15 March 2000: Part of this love of fat, fast food comes from what I call the Bubbafication of America. Think of Bubba as Homer Simpson without the sophistication.
    • 2004, Alan Peppard, "Kinky tweaks Dubya", Dallas Morning News, 19 April 2004: The Bubbafication of the Oval Office – with the McNugget presidency of Bill Clinton and the boots and rodeo-buckle administration of George W. Bush – has caused a cultural vacuum.
    • 2012, Mike Seely, "The War on Williamsburg", Seattle Weekly, Volume 37, Number 49, 5 December - 11 December 2012, page 36: Eclectic and sophisticated are hence coded as negative traits–so cool equaling not so cool–putting Swift in seemed lockstep with the anti-intellectual sentiment that's led to the astonishing 21st-Century Bubbafication of the Republican Party.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
bubba vote etymology From Bubba, a slang term for white male hillbilly or redneck.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, derogatory) The rural, white, Southern portion of the US electorate.
Bubbette etymology Bubba + ette
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes pejorative) A working-class white female from the rural American South, stereotyped as ignorant, unrefined, etc.
    • 1988, Pete Franklin (with Terry Pluto), You Could Argue But You'd Be Wrong, Contemporary Books (1988), ISBN 9780809246748, page 79: Bubba and Bubbette love rasslin' because Bubba and Bubbette should really walk around wearing a sandwich board that reads "quick, someone give me a lobotomy."
    • 2000, Jan Hornung, This Is the Truth, as Far as I Know: I Could Be Wrong, Writers Club Press (2000), ISBN 9780595141852, page 1: The good folks of Sugar Tit have been sponsoring this festival since the early 90s to honor the hard-working good-ole-boys and their lifestyle in the South. They honor the gals, too. That would be the Bubbettes.
    • 2014, Stephen Schottenfeld, Bluff City Pawn, Bloomsbury (2014), ISBN 9781620406366, page 105: Not just dealers but every scumbag and gunrunner calling nonstop, every Bubba and Bubbette that ever wanted a gun.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
coordinate terms:
  • Bubba
bubble ass
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A bubble butt.
    • 2004, Bobby Heenan, Steve Anderson, Chair Shots and Other Obstacles They'll find someone new with a bubble ass and a short dress.
bubble butt
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, LGBT) Large, rounded buttocks.
    • 2010, Ninie Hammon, Home Grown, Kingstone Media, ISBN 978-0-9799035-6-4, page 68: But her skin was sallow, her face covered in pimples, and she never wore makeup. Then there was her bubble butt and her thunder thighs. Oh, call it what it was: fat. She was fat.
    • 2012, A. Scott Boddie, The Hook-Up: Adventures of Maxwell Hunter, link Maxwell spun Jhonny and pulled him close until his hot ass pressed firmly against his dick, he grinded that bubble butt of his until he could tell Jhonny was sweating in all the right spots.
  2. (US, slang) A fat person.
bubble car
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rail transport, informal) a single-car multiple unit
  2. A small three-wheel motor vehicle in a category between a motorbike and a car
bubblegum {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: bubble gum etymology From bubble + gum. pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌbəlɡʌm/, /ˈbʌbl̩ɡʌm/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (usually uncountable) A sweet chewing gum formulated to be stretchy so the chewer can blow bubble with it.
  2. (sometimes derogatory) A type of pop music marked by sweetness, pep and charm (rather than depth or complexity).
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. tasting like bubblegum
  2. by extension, sweet, perky, or youthful

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