The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


bullyproof etymology bully + proof
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) To make resistant to bully. to bullyproof a child or a classroom
bum pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 1387, unknown, but possibly Old Irish, Scottish Gaelic bun
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The buttocks. Okay, everyone sit on your bum and try and touch your toes.
  2. (UK, Irish, AU, New Zealand, informal, rare, Canada, US) The anus.
  3. (by metonymy, informal) A person.
  • {{seeCites}}
  • In the United States and Canada, bum is considered the most appropriate term when speaking to young children, as in Everyone please sit on your bum and we'll read a story. For older children and teenagers, especially males, as well as adults, the term butt is the most common term except in professional contexts such as medical, legal, and scientific where buttocks is generally used or gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, etc. for the muscles specifically. Glutes is often used in sports medicine and bodybuilding. Ass (US derivation of Old English arse) is considered vulgar in North America, whereas backside, behind, and bottom are considered to be non-specific terms.
Synonyms: (buttocks or anus) arse (UK, Irish, Australian, New Zealand), ass (North America), backside, behind, bottom, bum (North America), butt (North America), heinie (North America), fanny (North America), tush (North America), tushie (North America)
  • (buttocks specifically) butt cheeks (North America), buttocks (technical), cheek, glutes (muscles), gluteus maximus (primary muscles)
  • (anus specifically) anus (technical), arsehole (UK, Irish, Australian, New Zealand), asshole (North America)
, (buttocks specifically) butt cheeks (North America), buttocks (technical), cheek, glutes (muscles), gluteus maximus (primary muscles), (anus specifically) anus (technical), arsehole (UK, Irish, Australian, New Zealand), asshole (North America), See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, transitive, colloquial) To sodomize; to engage in anal sex.
interjection: {{en-interjection}}
  1. (UK) An expression of annoyance.
    • 2010, Jill Mansell, Sheer Mischief: Maxine tried hers. 'Oh bum,' she said crossly. 'The sugar isn't sugar. It's salt.'
etymology 2 1864, {{back-form}}, from German Bummler, from bummeln
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (North America, colloquial) A homeless person, usually a man.
  2. (North America, colloquial, derogatory) a hobo
  3. (North America, Australia, colloquial) A lazy, incompetent, or annoying person, usually a man. Fred is becoming a bum - he's not even bothering to work more than once a month. That mechanic's a bum - he couldn't fix a yo-yo. That guy keeps interrupting the concert. Throw the bum out!
    • 1987, The Pogues - Fairytale of New York You're a bum You're a punk You're an old slut on junk Lying there almost dead on a drip in that bed
  4. (North America, Australia, colloquial, sports) A player or racer who often performs poorly. Trade him to another team, he's a bum!
    • 2001, Laura Hillenbrand - Seabiscuit: An American Legend Seabiscuit, wrote another reporter, “was a hero in California and a pretty fair sort of horse in the midwest. In the east, however, he was just a ‘bum’”
  5. (colloquial) A drinking spree.
Synonyms: (hobo) hobo, homeless person, tramp, vagrant, wanderer, vagabond, (lazy person) loafer, bumpkin, footler, idler, lout, yob, yobbo, layabout, (drinking spree) binge, bender, See also , See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, colloquial) To ask someone to give one (something) for free; to beg for something. Can I bum a cigarette off you?
  2. (intransitive, colloquial, pejorative) To behave like a hobo or vagabond; to loiter. I think I'll just bum around downtown for awhile until dinner.
  3. (transitive, slang, British) To wet the end of a marijuana cigarette (spliff).
Synonyms: cadge (British)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of poor quality or highly undesirable. bum note
  2. Unfair. bum deal
  3. Injured and without the possibility of full repair, defective. I can't play football anymore on account of my bum knee.
  4. Unpleasant. He had a bum trip on that mescaline.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (defective) duff (UK)
etymology 3 {{back-form}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To depress; to make unhappy.
etymology 4 See boom.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated) A hum noise. {{rfquotek}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To make a murmuring or humming sound. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 5 Abbreviations.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A bumbailiff.
    • 1705, Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees: About her Chariot, and behind, / Were Sergeants, Bums of every kind, / Tip-staffs, and all those Officers, / That squeeze a Living out of Tears.
  • UMB
bum's rush etymology The phrase dates back to 1910 (US).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, North America, slang, idiomatic) Forcible eject from an establishment, as of a bum (hobo).
related terms:
  • bum rush
bumbershoot Alternative forms: bumberchute rare, bumberschutz etymology American in origin, it has become associated with British umbrellas, but has never been a Britishism (see , )
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, humorous) An umbrella. It smells like rain. Perhaps we should take along a bumbershoot.
    • 1912, L. Frank Baum, Sky Island "It--it belongs in our family," said Button-Bright, beginning to eat and speaking between bites. "This umbrella has been in our family years, an' years, an' years. But it was tucked away up in our attic an' no one ever used it 'cause it wasn't pretty." "Don't blame 'em much," remarked Cap'n Bill, gazing at it curiously. "It's a pretty old-lookin' bumbershoot."
    • 1968, Richard M. and Robert B. Sherman (lyrics), Chitty Chitty Bang Bang "Me ol' bamboo, me ol' bamboo, you'd better never bother with me ol' bamboo, you can have me hat or me bumbershoot, but you'd better never bother with me ol' bamboo."
    • 1970, Walt Disney, The Aristocats "Napoleon: Wait a minute! Where's my hat? Where-- and somebody stole my bumbershoot!"
Bumblefuck Alternative forms: East Bumblefuck, West Bumblefuck etymology Variant of bumfuck, replacing vulgar (in this context) bum with gentler, more humorous bumble.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) An isolated or backward location; the middle of nowhere.
    • 2002, Derek Hart, Tales of the Yellow Silk, p. 153: Rives jumped to his feet, the veins bulging from his temples. "I can have you on a C-130 to Bumblefuck by this afternoon, Sergeant. You're not messing with the sheriff's daughter here. The Crown Prince of Thailand already hates the US..."
    • 2005, Loren Stone, Bait, search "What the fuck were you doing with your crazy fucking family out in the middle of west bumblefuck Pennsylvania?"
Synonyms: See: , Bumfuck, Egypt (BFE)
related terms:
  • bumfuck
  • Bumfuck, Egypt
  • BFE
bum cheeks
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) Buttocks.
bum chum
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, derogatory) A male’s homosexual partner.
    • 1989, Joseph Mills, Towards the End, Polygon, ISBN 0748660313, page 120, ‘That’s his pal,’ Beeny said to Doreen. ¶ ‘Bum-chum more like,’ John added.
    • 2004, Phil Ferguson, Discontent, M-Y Books, ISBN 1-904986-00-5, page 83, He was too busy playing the big, important businessman to care about anyone but himself, preferring the company of his bum chum, Pete, to me.
    • 2005, S.J. Smith, Joe Public, Virtualbookworm Publishing, ISBN 1589397681, page 100, ‘Gaylord!’ ¶ ‘Bum-chum!’ ¶ ‘Chutney Ferret!’
bum crack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The space between the buttocks.
Synonyms: arse crack, ass crack, butt crack, crack
bumder etymology {{blend}} (both derogatory terms for a male homosexual). pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˈbʌmdə/
noun: {{head}}
  1. (pejorative, rare) A male homosexual.
    • 1999 May 9th, SHS, 3dfx.products.voodoo3, “Re: Oh Well…” (see the original message) oh you rigth what a bumder
    • 2008 May 1st, and , I:ii: “”, 11:35–11:45 : Oh, you’d like my lip, wouldn’t you? Right round your bell-end! If Mr Chippy doesn’t get there first! What’s he gonna knock up, a closet for you to hide in? You… bumder!
bumfluff etymology bum + fluff
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, NZ, derogatory) The first, sparse beard growth of an adolescent
bumfoolery etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Messing about, often in a homosexual way.
    • 2000 February 11, "Kira Brown" (username), "Re: Surveillance...TV prog.", in, Usenet: I'm prepared to bet I was more spaced when I wrote this indexed register bumfoolery than you were when you wrote whatever it was you wrote...
    • 2008 March 24, “We the public just won’t get excited enough”, in : He refers to the Pentagon shipping two 19-cent washers from South Carolina to Texas at a cost $1 million and spending $293,451 sending an 89-cent washer from South Carolina to Florida. If this is true, it certainly tops their old well-noted scandals of $90 hammers and $600 toilet seats. (Those numbers may not be the exact — giver or take — but they do illustrate the bumfoolery of the incidents.)
    • 2009 October 21, "Spamtastic Spastic" (username), "Re: problem - maybe due to 3Com Wireless DSL router?", in uk.telecom.broadband, Usenet: Forgetting all the odd bumfoolery going on with IE, you need to sniff the NIC and see what is really happening.
    • 2010, Rick Senley, Moustache Man and the Deadly Whiskers, Troubador Publishing Ltd, ISBN 978-1848762-43-5, page 298: Where compassion between men – not bumfoolery mind – but true compassion will prosper.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) an Eton jacket or other similar short jacket.
    • 2012, Anne de Courcy, Snowdon: The Biography Smaller boys wore short Eton jackets, known as bumfreezers
    • 1965, Peter Black, The Poms in the Sun Seated at table, eating delicious food brought by European migrant waiters in red bumfreezers, I felt that we were all making a very game pretence of reconstructing Europe.
Synonyms: bumfreezer jacket
Bumfuck Alternative forms: bumfuck, Bumfuck, Egypt
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (vulgar, idiomatic, US) An imaginary place in the middle of nowhere
bumfuck pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
etymology bum + fuck
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (vulgar slang) Regarding an isolated, neglected, undesirable, or contemptuous topic
    • 2003, Ken Morris, Man in the Middle Someone, let's say Boris Yeltsin's bum-fuck girlfriend, is part of a syndicate—you know, Russian Mob, say.
    • 2007, Lori Handeland, Hidden Moon, page 4 "That sounds more like your bum-fuck nonsense than mine."
    • 2009, Tony Thorne, Dictionary of Contemporary Slang bumfuck n American a very remote and/or backward place. I had to park in bumfuck because all the good spots were taken.
    I hate living in this small town in the middle of bumfuck nowhere
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (vulgar slang) to sodomize
Synonyms: (to sodomize) assfuck, buttfuck, cornhole
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar slang) anal sex I could really go for a good nasty bumfuck right now.
  2. (vulgar slang) An isolated place far removed from normal cities and towns Why the hell does your brother have to live out in bumfuck?
Bumfuck, Egypt Alternative forms: BFE, bumfuck, bumfuck nowhere; Bumfuck, Nowhere, Bumfuck, Ohio, Bumfuck, Idaho, Bumfuck, Iowa, East Bumfuck
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (vulgar, idiomatic, US, originally, military slang) The middle of nowhere.
    • 1991, William H. Labarge, Hornet's Nest, p. 96 One screwup and he could be splitting rocks on a chain gang somewhere in Bumfuck, Egypt.
Synonyms: See: , Bumblefuck, Woop Woop (Australia) , the Black Stump (Australia)
bumfuck nowhere pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
etymology bumfuck + nowhere Alternative forms: Bumfuck, Nowhere, Bumfuck Nowhere, bum-fuck nowhere, bum fuck nowhere
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (when contemptuous, agitated, lost, vulgar) The middle of nowhere; a nondescript, isolated, and underdeveloped locale whose precise location may be difficult to ascertain
    • 2007, Paul Carter, Don't Tell Mom I Work on the Rigs, page 53 All nine passengers and crew died yesterday when a twelve-seater Sikorsky helicopter operated by Doom Air crashed in a really big ball of flames shortly after takeoff from Bumfuck Nowhere regional airport.
    • 2010, Richard Smith, Freezer Burn, page 225 It's bad enough to be in jail, in a middle of bum fuck nowhere, the last thing he wants to find out is what the prison population is like.
    • 2010, Bianca D'Arc, Brotherhood of Blood, page 144 Please, please, please let me have cell phone service. I was in the middle of bumfuck nowhere
    • 2011, Terrance Dean, Mogul, page 123 “How the fuck you take a nigga from bum-fuck nowhere and let him live in your spot.
    I can't believe we're lost in the middle of bumfuck nowhere with a broken-down car!
related terms:
  • bumfuck
  • Bumfuck, Egypt
  • boonies
  • the sticks
Often used in the phrase "(in) the middle of bumfuck nowhere", an intensified form of "(in) the middle of nowhere".
bumhole etymology From bum + hole. pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌmhəʊl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The anus.
bummed out
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Depressed, disappoint, in a gloomy mood.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of bum out
bummer pronunciation
  • {{audio}} {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From German der Bummler, die Bummlerin, from bummeln.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A forager especially in Sherman's March to the Sea of November to December 1864.
  2. (US, slang, dated) An idle, worthless fellow, without any visible means of support; a dissipated sponger.
  3. A lamb (typically the smallest of a multiple birth) which has been abandoned by its mother or orphaned, and as a consequence is raised in part or in whole by humans.
etymology 2 From bum + -er.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-comparative of bum
etymology 3 From bum + -er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly slang) A disappointment, a pity, a shame. That's a total bummer.
related terms:
  • bum out
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Exclamation of annoyance or frustration at a bummer (disappointment).
etymology 4 From bum + -er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, uncommon) homosexual male
bummy etymology bum + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, informal) Like a bum (homeless person or hobo).
    • 2005, Boye Lafayette De Mente, Romantic Hawaii: Sun, Sand, Surf and Sex (page 46) The fact is, they are not nearly as bummy as a lot of the characters we have back home.
    • 2010, David J. Harding, Living the Drama (page 57) An unsuccessful dude would dress all bummy and stuff. A successful person would dress like perfect; they'd not dress bummy at all...
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish, slang) bottom; buttock
    • 2009, Arlene Gorey, My Spanking Diary - Page 28 “Feel me up and rub your pussy against mine, that'll make the pain in my bummy go away, it will,” she told me. I felt sorry for her. And I guess that's why I let her show me how girls made out without boys.
    • 2001, Lawrence A. Wenzel, The Sandcastle at High Tide - Page 174 "...Do you mean to tell me they have every man strip and bend over to show his bummy?" "Actually, Malcolm, they do. Physicals, very complete physicals I should add, are required."
    • Jean la Fleur, Mistaken Identity and Other Tales Ahh, yes, work that finger faster in my bummy — ooooh darling, you angel — ohhhh, it's nice — what a big ramrod you've got to poke a girl's little hole with. Oh darling, yes I'm hot now! Fuck hard, fuck Carol awfully hard!
    • Dr Guenter Klow, Dominatresses and Boy Sex Slaves page 24 When she felt that it was firm enough, she whispered, “Now put your hands on the cheeks of my bummy, dear, and open them up so my little hole will be ready for your big sweet cock!”
bum out etymology From bum
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, transitive) To cause a person to be depressed or disappointed.
    • 2008, Rick Weegman, "Cloquet-Esko-Carlton: childhood dreams come true," Duluth News Tribune, 5 Mar., “It bums me out that I can’t play, but I’m glad my brother has the opportunity,” Austin Baker said.
bump etymology From Early Modern English bump, probably of gmq origin. Compare Danish bump, Danish bumpe, Old Danish bumpe. Apparently related to Middle English bumben, bummen, Dutch bommen, German bummen, Icelandic bumba, probably of imitative origin. More at bum, bumble. Compare also bomb. pronunciation
  • /bʌmp/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A light blow or jolting collision.
  2. The sound of such a collision.
  3. A protuberance on a level surface.
  4. A swelling on the skin caused by illness or injury.
    • Shakespeare It had upon its brow / A bump as big as a young cockerel's stone.
  5. One of the protuberance on the cranium which, in phrenology, are associated with distinct faculties or affections of the mind. the bump of veneration; the bump of acquisitiveness
  6. (rowing) The point, in a race in which boats are spaced apart at the start, at which a boat begins to overtake the boat ahead.
  7. The swollen abdomen of a pregnant woman.
  8. (Internet) A post in an Internet forum thread made in order to raise the thread's profile by returning it to the top of the list of active threads.
  9. A temporary increase in a quantity, as shown in a graph. US presidential nominees get a post-convention bump in survey ratings.
  10. (slang) A dose of a drug such as ketamine or cocaine, when snorted recreationally.
  11. The noise made by the bittern; a boom.
  12. A coarse cotton fabric.
  13. A training match for a fighting dog.
  14. (snooker, slang) The jaw of either of the middle pockets.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To knock against or run into with a jolt.
  2. To move up or down by a step. I bumped the font size up to make my document easier to read.
  3. (Internet) To post in an Internet forum thread in order to raise the thread's profile by returning it to the top of the list of active threads.
  4. (chemistry, of a superheated liquid) To suddenly boil, causing movement of the vessel and loss of liquid.
    • 1916, Albert Prescott Mathews, Physiological chemistry Heat until the liquid bumps, then reduce the heat and continue the boiling for 1½ hours.
  5. (transitive) To move (a booked passenger) to a later flight because of earlier delays or cancellations.
    • 2005, Lois Jones, EasyJet: the story of Britain's biggest low-cost airline (page 192) Easyjet said the compensation package for passengers bumped off flights was 'probably the most flawed piece of European legislation in recent years'...
  6. (transitive) To move the time of a scheduled event.
    • 2010, Nancy Conner, Matthew MacDonald, Office 2010: The Missing Manual, p. 332: A colleague emails with news that her 4:30 meeting got bumped to 3:30.
  7. (archaic) To make a loud, heavy, or hollow noise; to boom.
    • Dryden as a bittern bumps within a reed
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) bump
bumper etymology From {{-er}}. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈbʌmpə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A drinking vessel filled to the brim.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 443: they now shook hands heartily, and drank bumpers of strong beer to healths which we think proper to bury in oblivion.
    • 1818, Keats, : Yet can I gulp a bumper to thy name,— O smile among the shades, for this is fame!
    • 1859, Dickens, A tale of two cities, Sydney Carton drank the punch at a great rate; drank it by bumpers, looking at his friend.
  2. (colloquial) Anything large or successful (now usually attributively).
  3. (automotive) Parts at the front and back of a vehicle which are meant to absorb the impact of a collision; fender
  4. Any mechanical device used to absorb an impact, soften a collision, or protect against impact
    • The company sells screw-on rubber bumpers and feet.
  5. Someone or something that bump.
  6. (cricket) A bouncer.
  7. (billiards) A side wall of a pool table.
  8. (broadcasting) A short ditty or jingle used to separate a show from the advertisements.
  9. (slang, dated) A covered house at a theatre, etc., in honour of some favourite performer.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Large; filled to the bumpers at the top of a silo. We harvested a bumper crop of arugula and parsnips this year.
bump nasties Alternative forms: bump uglies
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse.
    • 1999, , What It Takes to Get to Vegas, Grove Press (1999), ISBN 9780802137371, page 48 : I told her it better not be those losers Felipe or Marco or even Chupo, because he had kind of a temper when he got drunk, but that she had my blessing to go and bump nasties with Pedro anytime she liked [...]
bumpoff Alternative forms: bump-off
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, slang) A murder.
    • 1944, "Slaying at Buffalo Linked to ‘Gas’ Ring," New York Times, 23 Jul., p. 37: Frank Buttitta, 28, victim of what police termed a "gang bumpoff," was identified today by Eugene J. Donnelly, assistant Federal attorney, as "the chief Buffalo area distributor for a western New York ring which produced counterfeit gasoline coupons."
related terms:
  • bump off
bump uglies Alternative forms: bump nasties
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) to perform sexual intercourse
    • 1997 Peter J. Crisanto-Croox: Trukness: Based on the Real Life Adventures and Times of One of the Many Gregory John Nolascos (page 113) Mongo never asked anybody their sexual identity unless he was hooking for a quick fuck. He'd say, "Hey Baby, do you like men? Let's oil up and bump uglies. "
bumsicle etymology bum + sicle
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A homeless person afflicted with hypothermia as a result of living outdoors in winter.
    • 2003, 30 September, laurelc [username], [atxc-pi] NEW: Popsicle toes (1/1),!original/,, “The 'bumsicle', as the jaded hospital doctors called him, had been frozen to the sidewalk and it took him and his partner a real solid effort to pry him off.”
    • 2008, Simon R. Green, "Lucy, at Christmastime", in Wolfsbane and Mistletoe (eds. Charlaine Harris & Toni L. P. Kelner), Ace Books (2008), ISBN 9781440639593, unnumbered pages: … “Apart from this guy, you been busy?” She shook her head. “Not the past two days. Not even a bumsicle.” She glanced at the steely sky. “That'll change. Snow tonight.”
    • 2014, Richard Van Anderson, The Organ Takers, White Light Press (2014), ISBN 9780990759720, unnumbered page: A bad decision, maybe, but as a resident he'd seen it all too often—“bumsicles” found unconscious on busy sidewalks, rushed to the operating room and placed on cardiopulmonary bypass so their blood could be warmed.
bumtastic etymology bum + tastic
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Having shapely and appealing buttocks.
    • 1999, 10 October, PCBH Digest, PCBH Digest V2 Edition 1008 - 10 Oct 1999,!original/,, “Leaving the dramas and protests of Wentworth, Bea seems in paradise at the Barnhurst rural retreat, happily getting to know the charming Mrs Roberts, Barnhurst's version of Vinegar Tits played by Gerda Nicolson with auburn hair and a funny accent, and reacquainting herself with the bumtastic Marie Winter and with her new cell-mate Tracey Morris (Wow! Continuity!!)”
    • 2003, Chris Horrie, Tabloid Nation: The Birth of the Daily Mirror to the Death of the Tabloid, André Deutsch (2003), ISBN 9780233000121, page 221: {{…}} exposés of domestic British fascism and pictures of bumtastic Kylie Minogue in her underwear advertising free pop CD giveaways.
    • 2008, Emily Dunn & Elicia Murray, "Bigger and bigger beat at the bay", Brisbane Times, 4 August 2008: Phillips performed as a clown in the circus show, and introduced the company's Russian gymnasts to a new word, describing his costume as a cross between bumtastic singer Jennifer Lopez and an Oompa Loompa from Charlie And The Chocolate Factory.
Synonyms: bootylicious, callipygian, callipygous, rumpalicious
bumtrap etymology From bum + trap.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete, slang, rare) A bailiff.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 215: The noble bumtrap, blind and deaf to every circumstance of distress, greatly rises above all the motives to humanity, and into the hands of the gaoler resolves to deliver his miserable prey.
bun pronunciation
  • /bʌn/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English bunne, from xno bugne, from Old French bugne (hence French beignet), from Old frk *bungjo, diminutive of *bungo, from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ-. Cognate with Dutch bonk. More at bunch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small bread roll, often sweetened or spiced.
  2. A tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head.
  3. (Ireland) A cupcake.
  4. (slang, British) A drunken spree.
  5. (Internet, slang) A newbie.
  6. (dialect, obsolete) A squirrel or rabbit.
  7. (informal, typically used in the plural) buttocks.
Synonyms: (hairstyle) French roll
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, slang) To smoke cannabis.
  • nub
Bunburying etymology Bunbury + ing, coined by in (1895) after Bunbury, the fictitious invalid friend of the character Algernon whose supposed illness is used as an excuse to avoid social engagements.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) Avoiding one's duties and responsibilities by claiming to have appointment to see a fictitious person.
    • 1895, Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest Besides, now that I know you to be a confirmed Bunburyist I naturally want to talk to you about Bunburying. I want to tell you the rules.
    • 1991, Helen A. Garten, Why Bank Regulation Failed: Designing a Bank Regulatory Strategy for the 1990s This financial "Bunburying" solves the problem of how to let banking organizations make high yield investments in order to improve overall earnings without risking the kind of public opposition, and loss of public confidence in banks, that took place in the 1930s [...]
    • 1994, Susan B. Kelly, Time of Hope Alison frequently went Bunburying in London although she called it Networking. As far as Nick could make out it consisted of having long, boozy lunches with other businesswomen.
    • 1995, James Hatch, Sorrow Is the Only Faithful One James and Louise Forsyth owned a country house "older than Shakespeare's" in Haywards Heath, Sussex; there Owen spent three days stroking the pet sheep and admiring the view, Bunburying at its best.
bunch {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English bunche, perhaps a variant of *bunge (compare dialectal English bung), from Proto-Germanic *bunkō, *bunkô, *bungǭ (compare West Frisian bonke, German Bunge, Danish bunke), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ-, *bʰéng̑ʰus (compare Hittite panku, Tocharian B pkante, Lithuanian búožė, Ancient Greek παχύς 〈pachýs〉, Sanskrit बहु 〈bahu〉).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A group of a number of similar things, either grow together, or in a cluster or clump, usually fastened together. examplea bunch of grapes;  a bunch of bananas;  a bunch of keys;  {{nowrap}} of yobs on a street corner
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula, 21, “When we had examined this last find, Lord Godalming and Quincey Morris taking accurate notes of the various addresses of the houses in the East and the South, took with them the keys in a great bunch, and set out to destroy the boxes in these places.”
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.”
  2. (cycling) The peloton; the main group of rider formed during a race.
  3. An informal body of friend. exampleHe still hangs out with the same bunch.
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} “I don't mean all of your friends—only a small proportion—which, however, connects your circle with that deadly, idle, brainless bunch—the insolent chatterers at the opera, the gorged dowagers,{{nb...}}, the jewelled animals whose moral code is the code of the barnyard—!"
  4. (informal) A considerable amount. examplea bunch of trouble
  5. (informal) An unmentioned amount; a number. exampleA bunch of them went down to the field.
  6. (forestry) A group of logs tied together for skidding.
  7. (geology, mining) An unusual concentration of ore in a lode or a small, discontinuous occurrence or patch of ore in the wallrock. {{rfquotek}}
  8. (textiles) The reserve yarn on the filling bobbin to allow continuous weaving between the time of indication from the midget feeler until a new bobbin is put in the shuttle.
  9. An unfinished cigar, before the wrapper leaf is added. exampleTwo to four filler leaves are laid end to end and rolled into the two halves of the binder leaves, making up what is called the bunch.
  10. A protuberance; a hunch; a knob or lump; a hump.
    • Bible, Book of Isaiah xxx. 6 They will carry…their treasures upon the bunches of camels.
Synonyms: (group of similar things) cluster, group, (informal body of friends) pack, group, gang, circle, (unusual concentration of ore) ore pocket, pocket, pocket of ore, kidney, nest, nest of ore, ore bunch, bunch of ore
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To gather into a bunch.
  2. (transitive) To gather fabric into folds.
  3. (intransitive) To form a bunch.
  4. (intransitive) To be gathered together in folds
  5. (intransitive) To protrude or swell
    • Woodward Bunching out into a large round knob at one end.
Synonyms: (form a bunch) cluster, group
buncha etymology
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) contraction of bunch of There's a big buncha sheep in the field.
bunch of fives
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) a fist
  2. (British, slang) a punch (hit with a fist)
bunco Alternative forms: bunko etymology Reportedly from Spanish banca, a card game. pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌŋkəʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A swindle or confidence trick.
  2. A parlour game played in teams with three dice, originating in England but popular among suburban women in the United States at the beginning of the 21st century.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive, US, slang) To swindle (someone).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A swindler; a cheat or con-man.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 404: Reef need act as no more than bunco-steerer, all the research chores and assumptions of risk to be borne by Archie as principal party
bundle {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English bundel, from Middle Dutch bondel or Old English byndele, byndelle; both from Proto-Germanic *bundil-, derivative of *bundą. Compare also English bindle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A group of objects held together by wrapping or tying. a bundle of straw or of paper; a bundle of old clothes
    • Goldsmith The fable of the rods, which, when united in a bundle, no strength could bend.
  2. A package wrap or tied up for carry.
  3. (biology) A cluster of closely bound muscle or nerve fibre.
  4. (informal) A large amount, especially of money. The inventor of that gizmo must have made a bundle.
  5. (computing, Mac OS X) A directory containing related resources such as source code; application bundle.
  6. A quantity of paper equal to 2 ream (1000 sheets).
  • bindle
coordinate terms:
  • (quantity of paper) bale, quire, ream
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To tie or wrap together.
  2. To hustle; to dispatch something or someone quickly.
    • T. Hook They unmercifully bundled me and my gallant second into our own hackney coach.
  3. (intransitive) To prepare for departure; to set off in a hurry or without ceremony.
  4. (transitive) To dress someone warmly.
  5. (intransitive) To dress warmly. Usually bundle up
  6. (computing) To sell hardware and software as a single product.
  7. (intransitive) To hurry.
  8. (slang) To dogpile
  9. (transitive) To hastily or clumsily push, put, carry or otherwise send something into a particular place.
    • {{quote-news }}
    • 1851, , , Yes, there is death in this business of whaling—a speechlessly quick chaotic bundling of a man into Eternity.
    • 1859, Terence, Comedies of Terence Why, I didn't know that she meant that, until the Captain gave me an explanation, because I was dull of comprehension ; for he bundled me out of the house.
  10. (dated, intransitive) To sleep on the same bed without undress.
    • Washington Irving Van Corlear stopped occasionally in the villages to eat pumpkin pies, dance at country frolics, and bundle with the Yankee lasses.
bundook etymology From Hindi बन्दूक 〈bandūka〉, from Arabic بندقية 〈bndqyẗ〉. The original Arabic was بندق 〈bndq〉 and denoted filbert, nuts shaped like the projectiles thrown from stone bows. That usage was eventually transferred to the bows themselves and eventually to firearms.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, UK) A service issue rifle.
A term widely adopted by British regular soldiers serving in India or having contact with Indian troops.
etymology 1 {{rfe}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. {{surname}}
etymology 2 From Bundaberg + y. Alternative forms: (Bundaberg rum) bundy
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) Diminutive of , a coastal city of Queensland.
    • 1947, Charles Barrett, The Sunlit Land: Wanderings in Queensland, page 170, “You are coming out to Gayndah?” “Yes; when I′m trailing the lungfish.” “Hope I′ll see you there. Here′s Bundy. Good-bye.”
    • 1985, Sir James Killen, Killen: Inside Australian Politics, page 24, Bundaberg, a provincial city famous for its rum, had been Ted′s last seat in the State Parliament before his retirement. Ted rang me. ‘Will you do me a favour in Bundy?’ he asked. ‘Of course, what is it?’ I replied. ‘Tell them I am still diluting the milk.’
    • 2010, Raymond D. Clements, Aussie Rogue, page 211, There is a seaside town not far away from Bundy.
  2. (Australia, slang) Abbreviation of .
    • 1999, Melissa Lucashenko, Hard Yards, page 80, Graeme looked sulkily into his grog cabinet at the hole where his Laphroig{{sic}} should have been. Couldn′t have flogged the bloody Grouse, or the Bundy, nah it had to be the friggen good stuff. Little bastard.…Madden's big blunt copper′s hand grabbed the Bundy. He sat and poured a heavy dose. Thieving little bastard.
    • 2005, John Williams, The Fortunate Life of a Vindicatrix Boy page 37, It was bloody hard work and bloody hot, so we drank gallons of bloody beer and bloody Bundaberg, in the good old bloody Queensland tradition. Enough, maybe, to wash away any bloody asbestos dust. Bloody Bundy with a bloody beer chaser, as we sweated and cursed and wondered why we were there.
    • 2009, Claire Halliday, Do You Want Sex With That?, unnumbered page, He has also brought more Bundy and cola cans, and offers these to the women as he and his mates go about the men′s business of fixing the mechanical issues that stand in the way of the bight′s other men′s business - leering at strippers.
    • 2011, Jacqueline George, Falling Into Queensland, page 95, “Fucking Bundy. Does it every time.” “Well, if you′ve been drinking that shit I′ve got no sympathy for you. Get up and I′ll give you a lift home. In the back.”
Synonyms: (Bundaberg rum) Bundy rum
bung {{rfquote}} pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Medieval Dutch bonge, bonne or bonghe, or perhaps from French bonde, which may itself be either of gem origin, or from Proto-Celtic *bunda - either way probably from puncta, the feminine singular form of Latin punctus, perfect passive participle of pungō.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A stopper, alternative to a cork, often made of rubber used to prevent fluid passing through the neck of a bottle, vat, a hole in a vessel etc.
    • 1996, Dudley Pope, Life in Nelson's Navy With the heavy seas trying to broach the boat they baled — and eventually found someone had forgotten to put the bung in.
    • 2008, Christine Carroll, The Senator's Daughter Andre pulled the bung from the top of a barrel, applied a glass tube with a suction device, and withdrew a pale, almost greenish liquid.
  2. A cecum or anus, especially of a slaughter animal.
  3. (slang) A bribe.
    • {{quote-news }}
  4. The orifice in the bilge of a cask through which it is filled; bunghole.
  5. (obsolete, slang) A sharper or pickpocket.
    • Shakespeare You filthy bung, away.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To plug, as with a bung.
    • 1810, Agricultural Surveys: Worcester (1810) It has not yet been ascertained, which is the precise time when it becomes indispensable to bung the cider. The best, I believe, that can be done, is to seize the critical moment which precedes the formation of a pellicle on the surface...
    • 2006, A. G. Payne, Cassell's Shilling Cookery Put the wine into a cask, cover up the bung-hole to keep out the dust, and when the hissing sound ceases, bung the hole closely, and leave the wine untouched for twelve months.
  2. (UK, Australian, transitive, informal) To put or throw somewhere without care; to chuck.
    • 2004, Bob Ashley, Food and cultural studies And to sustain us while we watch or read, we go to the freezer, take out a frozen pizza, bung it in the microwave and make do.
  3. (transitive) To batter, bruise; to cause to bulge or swell.
  4. (transitive) To pass a bribe.
etymology 2 From yxg bang.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australia, NZ, slang) Broken, not in working order.
    • 1922, , Karen Oslund (introduction), , 2004, page 365, The evening we reached the glacier Bowers[] wrote: …My right eye has gone bung, and my left one is pretty dicky.
    • 1953, , A Year of Space, page 206, ‘Morning Mrs. Weissnicht. I′ve just heard as how your washing-machine′s gone bung.’
    • 1997, Lin Van Hek, The Ballad of Siddy Church, page 219, It′s the signal box, the main switchboard, that′s gone bung!
    • 2006, Pip Wilson, Faces in the Street: Louisa and Henry Lawson and the Castlereagh Street Push, page 9, Henry had said, “Half a million bloomin′ acres. A quarter of a million blanky sheep shorn a year, and they can′t keep on two blokes. It′s not because wer′e union, mate. It′s because we′re newchums. Something′s gone bung with this country.”
bungaloid etymology bungalow + oid
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, derogatory) A house resembling a bungalow.
    • 1935, The Spectator (volume 154) You can live In a charming modern house, 5 minutes from station and from open unspoiled and protected countryside, free of bungaloids and all such atrocities. And it is really economical.
    • {{quote-news}}
bungee {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌn.d͡ʒi/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An elastic fabric-bound strap with a hook at each end, used for securing luggage.
  2. An elastic cord tied to the ankles of the jumper in bungee jumping.
  3. (slang) A rubber eraser.
bung-hole Alternative forms: bunghole
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A hole in a vessel, such as a cask, that may be stopped with a bung. Pop a tap in the barrel's bung-hole so you can pour us a round of beer, innkeeper!
  2. (vulgar, slang) The anus. Do you have TP? TP for my bung-hole?
bung up
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (British, NZ) To close an opening with a cork, cork like object or other improvised obstruction. exampleHe used a piece of putty to temporarily bung up the leaking gutter.
  2. (obsolete, slang) To use up, as by bruising or overexertion; to exhaust or incapacitate for action.
    • Shelton (translating Don Quixote) exampleHe had bunged up his mouth that he should not have spoken these three years.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) Anus.
Synonyms: See also .
bunhead etymology bun ‘a tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head’ + head +
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An obsessive or extremely dedicated ballerina.
    • 2000, Donna Allegra, Witness to the League of Blond Hip Hop Dancers, Alyson Books (2000), ISBN 1555835503, page 201: A bunhead who must have strayed from her New York City Ballet aspirations glanced furtively about the room, …
    • 2005, Alexandra Moss, Lara's Leap of Faith, Grosset & Dunlap (2005), ISBN 9780448435367, unknown page: "Sophie — you're meant to be saying what an honor it is to be studying at The Royal Ballet School, and how you can't wait to become a 'bunhead' — you know, one of those ballet-obsessed people who eat, sleep, and breathe nothing but ballet!"
    • 2006, Leslie Carroll, Spin Doctor, HarperCollins (2006), ISBN 9780060596132, page 19: {{…}} I'm an aging bunhead. That's my problem. Like I told you, my life is ... But a dancer—especially a ballet dancer—has a shelf life that's shorter than a quart of milk…
bunk {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /bʌŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Sense of sleeping berth possibly from Scottish English bunker, origin is uncertain but possibly Scandinavian. Confer Old Swedish bunke. See also boarding, flooring and confer bunch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One of a series of berth or bed placed in tiers.
  2. (nautical) A built-in bed on board ship, often erected in tier one above the other.
  3. (military) A cot.
  4. (US) A wooden case or box, which serves for a seat in the daytime and for a bed at night.
  5. (US, dialect) A piece of wood placed on a lumberman's sled to sustain the end of heavy timber.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To occupy a bunk.
  2. To provide a bunk.
etymology 2 Shortened from bunkum, a variant of buncombe, from Buncombe County, North Carolina. See bunkum for more.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Bunkum; senseless talk, nonsense.
Synonyms: See also
etymology 3 19th century, of uncertain origin; perhaps from previous "to occupy a bunk" meaning, with connotations of a hurried departure, as if on a ship.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (British) To fail to attend school or work without permission; to play truant (usually as in 'to bunk off').
  2. (obsolete) To expel from a school.
bunk off
verb: {{head}}
  1. (British, slang) To play truant
    • We all bunked off school yesterday to watch the football.
Synonyms: skive, on the hop
bunkum Alternative forms: buncombe etymology 1830s, from buncombe, from “speaking to Buncombe” (or “for Buncombe”) from Buncombe County, North Carolina, named for Edward Buncombe. In 1820, , who represented , in the U.S. House of Representatives, rose to address the . This was his first attempt to speak on this subject after nearly a month of solid debate and right before the vote was to be called. Allegedly, to the exasperation of his colleagues, Walker insisted on delivering the long and wearisome speech. He explained that he wasn't speaking to congress, but "to Buncombe."[ debunk – The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language Online], [[w:Houghton Mifflin|Houghton Mifflin]], [[w:Boston|Boston]], accessed 2014-11-28 He was shouted down by his colleagues.[ Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 16th Congress, 1st Session Pages 1539 & 1540 of 2628] His persistent effort made "buncombe" (later respelled "bunkum") a synonym for meaningless political claptrap and later for any kind of nonsense.[ debunk – The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000], [[w:Houghton Mifflin|Houghton Mifflin]], [[w:Boston|Boston]], accessed 2009-01-11 Although he was unable to make the speech in front of Congress it was still published in a Washington newspaper.[[wikisource:Missouri_Question:_Speech_of_Mr._Walker,_of_N.C.|Missouri Question: Speech of Mr. Walker, of N.C.]] The term became a joke and metaphor in Washington, then entered common usage; see . Our readers have, perhaps, often heard of ‘speaking to Buncombe,’ by which phrase is signified a speech not intended or expected to have any influence on those to whom it is addressed, but designed for the speaker’s constituents. It originated with a representative from North Carolina, who came from the county of Buncombe, and who being asked, one day, why he continued to speak to empty benches, ‘O!’ he replied, ‘I am speaking to Buncombe.’ Portsmouth Journal of Literature and Politics, 1838-12-15
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Senseless talk; nonsense; a piece of nonsense (countable).
  2. (Washington, DC) Any bombastic political posturing or an oratorical display not accompanied by conviction; speechmaking designed for show or public applause. {{defdate}}
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A manoeuvre in which one person is pushed upwards by another, or others, in order to climb over a fence or similar obstacle. Give us a bunk-up and I'll get your ball back.
bunny pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈbʌ.ni/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English bune, from Old English bune, of unknown origin. Related to English bun, boon, Scots bune, boon, been, see bun, boon. Compare also bunweed.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK dialectal) A culvert or short covered drain connecting two ditch.
  2. (UK dialectal) A chine or gully formed by water running over the edge of a cliff; a wooded glen or small ravine opening through the cliff line to the sea.
  3. (UK dialectal) Any small drain or culvert.
  4. (UK dialectal) A brick arch or wooden bridge, covered with earth across a drawn or carriage in a water-meadow, just wide enough to allow a hay-wagon to pass over.
  5. (UK dialectal) A small pool of water.
etymology 2 From Middle English bony, boni, from Old French bugne, buigne, from Old frk *bungjo, from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô. More at bunion, bunch. Alternative forms: bunney, bonie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK dialectal) A swelling from a blow; a bump.
  2. (mining) A sudden enlargement or mass of ore, as opposed to a vein or lode.
etymology 3 From bun + y.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A rabbit, especially a juvenile.
  2. A bunny girl: a nightclub waitress who wears a costume having rabbit ears and tail.
  3. (sports) In basketball, an easy shot (i.e., one right next to the bucket) that is missed.
  4. (South Africa) bunny chow; a snack of bread filled with curry
    • 2008, Steve Pike, Surfing South Africa (page 258) Surfers from Durban grew up on bunnies. You get the curry in the bread with the removed square chunk, used to dunk back in the curry.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) In skiing, easy or unchallenging. Let’s start on the bunny hill.
Synonyms: (easy, unchallenging, of a slope) nursery
etymology 4 From bun + y.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Resembling a bun
Synonyms: (resembling a bun) bunlike
bunny boiler {{wikipedia}} etymology Inspired by a scene in the 1987 film where a scorned woman (played by ), seeking revenge on her ex-lover (played by ), places his beloved family pet in a pot of boiling water when he is away from the house. Its first known appearance in print was on December 6, 1990, when the Dallas Morning News reported on a Ladies' Home Journal interview with Glenn Close and introduced it by referring to her erstwhile character as a "bunny-boiler." The phrase appeared in print with increasing frequency beginning in 1994.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) An obsessive and dangerous former lover who stalks the person who spurned them.
  2. An excessively obsessive partner or significant other, especially one who reacts in an extreme way to the ending of a relationship.
bunny boot
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (informal) A highly insulated boot used by the military in cold environments.
bunny girl
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) A club hostess or other female entertainer wearing a sexually provocative outfit suggestive of a rabbit.
  • burningly
bunny wunny etymology Reduplication.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, childish or endearing) a bunny, a rabbit.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of bun
  1. (informal, in the plural) buttocks
  • nubs, snub
Bunsen pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. , German chemist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chemistry, informal) Bunsen burner
bunyip {{wikipedia}} etymology From wth ban-yib. pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌnjɪp/
    • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia) A mythical Australian monster, said to inhabit swamps and lagoons.
    • 2007, Janet Parker, Julie Stanton (editors), Mythology: Myths, Legends and Fantasies, [http//|%22bunyips%22+-intitle:%22bunyip|bunyips%22+-inauthor:%22bunyip%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JBMVT8T6CKHImQXh2bz-CQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bunyip%22|%22bunyips%22%20-intitle%3A%22bunyip|bunyips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22bunyip%22&f=false page 387], The bunyip here was considered to have a magical power over humans, causing them considerable misfortune. Places where there were many eels tended to be where bunyips lived, as this was their food. On one occasion, Aboriginal people claimed that a bunyip lured a woman to her death by distracting her witha large catch of eels. It was considered extremely bad luck to kill or injure a bunyip.
    • 2008, Oliver Ho, Mysteries Unwrapped: Mutants & Monsters, [http//|%22bunyips%22+-intitle:%22bunyip|bunyips%22+-inauthor:%22bunyip%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JBMVT8T6CKHImQXh2bz-CQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bunyip%22|%22bunyips%22%20-intitle%3A%22bunyip|bunyips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22bunyip%22&f=false page 26], According to the stories, the Bunyip comes in many different shapes and sizes—some are covered in feathers, while others have scales like a crocodile. Most Aboriginal drawings show the Bunyip with a tail like a horse, and flippers and tusks like a walrus.
    • 2009, David D. Gilmore, Monsters: Evil Beings, Mythical Beasts, and All Manner of Imaginary Terrors, [http//|%22bunyips%22+-intitle:%22bunyip|bunyips%22+-inauthor:%22bunyip%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8i8VT5L0BMKTmQX2pMniAw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bunyip%22|%22bunyips%22%20-intitle%3A%22bunyip|bunyips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22bunyip%22&f=false page 150], One particularly fierce bunyip described by Smith was well known as a man-eater throughout south Australia.
  2. (Australia, slang, obsolete) An imposter or con-man.
bunyip aristocracy etymology From bunyip + aristocracy. Coined in 1853 by Australian journalist and politician (1828-1865) satirising a proposal of for an hereditary peerage in the then colony of New South Wales."'''Bunyip Aristocracy'''", entry in '''1970''', Bill Wannan, ''Australian Folklore'', Lansdowne Press, 1979, ISBN 0-7018-1309-1. At the time, bunyip was Sydney underworld slang for an impostor or con-man, a sense Deniehy may have been aware of, but which was “obviously” unknown to Wentworth.'''1999''', Graham Seal, ''The Lingo: Listening to Australian English'', [[w:University of New South Wales Press|University of New South Wales Press]], ISBN 086840-680-5, [ page 16].
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, derogatory) A peerage (hypothetical or proposed) in Australia; the new (in the colonial era) landed rich aspiring to aristocracy; snobbish Australian conservatives.
    • 1853, , A heritage befitting the dignity of free men, speech at the Victoria Theatre in Pitt St, Sydney, 15 August 1853, reported in the the following day, reprinted 2009, Pamela Robson, Great Australian Speeches, unnumbered page, Here we all know the common water mole was transferred into the duck-billed platypus, and in some distant emulation of this degeneration, I suppose we are to be favoured with a bunyip aristocracy.
    • 1987, , , 2010, page 331, In any case, no one held exclusive rights on ambition or greed. It was William Charles Wentworth, the Emancipists′ trumpet, who in 1852, came round to lobby with James Macarthur for the creation of a hereditary colonial noblesse, the "bunyip aristocracy," which, fortunately, the Crown saw no reason to create.
Mainly used in the context of Wentworth's proposal and Deniehy's speech. Occasionally used in New South Wales politics by MPs referring to their opponents.
buppie etymology {{blend}} or an abbreviation of black urban professional modelled on yuppie (from young urban professional).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) short for "black urban professional", a African American subset of the yuppie category. The group includes black professionals and executives in their late twenties and early thirties.
The term is sometimes used in derogatory fashion to discuss Black Americans who place an extreme emphasis on materialism. Jobs associated with buppies include: consultant, investment banker, doctor, Lawyer or engineer.
burb pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
Alternative forms:
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, chiefly, in the plural) Short form of suburb.
bureau etymology Borrowing from French bureau, earlier "coarse cloth (as desk cover), baize", from Old French burel, diminutive of *bure (compare Middle French bure, French bourre), from Late Latin burra; akin to Ancient Greek βερβέριον 〈berbérion〉. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈbjʊɹ.əʊ/
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈbjʊɹ.ə/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}} (New England)
  • {{rhymes}}, {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Office.
  2. Desk, usually with a cover and compartments for storing papers etc. located above the level of the writing surface rather than underneath.
  3. (US) Chest of drawers for clothes.
related terms:
  • bureaucracy
  • bureaucrat
  • bureaucratic
  • bureaugamy
  • burel
bureau de change {{wikipedia}} etymology Borrowing from French bureau de change. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈbjʊː(ɹ).əʊ.dəˌʃɒ̃ʒ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, NZ) A place where foreign currency can be exchanged.
    • 2007, R. C. H. Alexander, Insider Dealing and Money Laundering in the EU: Law and Regulation, page 155, A bureau de change, as has been seen, is certainly an institution or person subject to the Directive and it arguably enters into business relations with its customers.
    • 2009, Chris McIntyre, Susan McIntyre, Zanzibar, Bradt Travel Guides, page 159, Good private bureaux de change include the Shangani Bureau de Change (at the northern end of Kenyatta Road, near the Tembo Hotel), and the Malindi Bureau de Change (next to the ZanAir office, east of the port gates).
    • 2011, Isaku Endo, Jane Namaaji, Anoma Kulathunga, World Bank Working Paper No. 201: Uganda′s Remittance Corridors from United Kingdom, United States, and South Africa, page 21, The network comprises Masterlink, a bureau de change, and a United Kingdom bank, along with a partnering MTO and a bank in Uganda.
The term bureau de change is not used in the United States. Instead, the terms used in the United States and in Canadian English are currency exchange and sometimes money exchange, sometimes with various additions such as foreign, desk, office, counter, service, etc., for example foreign currency exchange office. Synonyms: currency exchange
burger etymology Coined around 1939 from hamburger, due to incorrect analysis of that term as ham + burger and shortening. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A hamburger.
  2. (chiefly, as a combining form) A similar sandwich or patty.
related terms:
  • cheeseburger
Buridan's ass Alternative forms: Buridan's Ass etymology After the fourteenth-century French philosopher Jean Buridan, whose philosophy of moral determinism it satirises.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. The hypothetical donkey who is placed precisely midway between two sources of food and/or water.
    1. The hypothetical donkey, in context of certainly dying of hunger or thirst by being unable to choose between the two equidistant options.
      • {{quote-book }} Buridan is best-known to philosophers for the example of "Buridan's Ass," starving to death between two equidistant and equally tempting bales of hay, [...]
      • {{quote-usenet }} They remain like Buridan's Ass, in a kind of frozen indecisiveness, between total freedom and total regulation.
      • {{quote-usenet }} Did you refuse to choose between saving your son sentenced to death penalty and saving your son sentenced to slavery for life? Is that not an indication that you find no difference between them, and are frozen, as Buridan's ass, into an inability to choose between them, and have instead chosen to starve morally, rather than make such a choice?
      • {{quote-usenet }} The worst case for productivity is probably when two _perfectly equivalent_ ways exist. Buridan's ass notoriously starved to death in just such a worst-case situation; groups of programmers may not go quite as far, but are sure to waste lots of time & energy deciding.
    2. The hypothetical donkey, as a typical character of a number of philosophical paradoxes involving equally valuable incentive to action, and the nature of the possible choice and outcome.
      • {{quote-book }} Since either haystack is better than starvation, and since neither haystack is known to be worse than the other, Buridan's ass has a good reason to choose either. Suppose it chooses haystack A, rejecting haystack B as well as starvation.
      • {{quote-book }} This Narrator is like the famous or infamous Buridan's ass, protagonist of a problem or example that, in one form or another, can be found in philosophical discourse from Aristotle to Schpenhauer.
      • {{quote-book }} The ass's commitment to a seeming demand or rationality has damaged his health. Maybe we — and Buridan's ass — should often resist requiring a discriminating reason for rational action.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, chiefly, derogatory) A person or organization who doesn't make a choice.
    • 1972, Sir George Edward Gordon Catlin, For God's sake, go!: an autobiography The National Peace Council was, I will not say a Buridan's Ass, but a kind of eunuch organisation, unable to take a decision one way or another.
  2. (uncountable, chiefly, derogatory) Collectively, people who don't make a choice.
    • {{quote-book }} Not that they are Buridan's ass; they just do not believe in categorical decisions.
    • {{quote-usenet }} You are Buridan's ass, in your immoral refusal to head toward one or the other of what you claim are irresistible allures of 'human rights.'
    • {{quote-usenet }} You know the opinion you hold. You just will not divulge it... in cowardly fear of him turning on you. And not divulging it will not in the slightest keep him from turning on you whenever he feels like it. Please do not tell me you are Buridan's ass, and have no opinion about this.
burke etymology Eponymous, from . pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /bɜː(ɹ)k/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, slang) To murder in the same manner as Burke, to kill by suffocation
    • 1829 February 2, Times (London), 3/5 As soon as the executioner proceeded to his duty, the cries of ‘Burke him, Burke him—give him no rope’... were vociferate... ‘Burke Hare too!’
  2. (UK, slang, historical) To murder for the same purpose as Burke, to kill in order to have a body to sell to anatomist, surgeons, etc.
    • 1833, T. Hook, Parson's Daughter, II. i. 26 Perhaps he is Burked, and his body sold for nine pounds.
    • 1836, Charles Dickens, The Pickwick Papers, : ‘You don’t mean to say he was burked, Sam?’ said Mr. Pickwick, looking hastily round.
  3. (UK, slang) To smother; to conceal, hush up, suppress.
    • 1835, J. A. Roebuck. Dorchester Labourers, 6/1 (note) The reporters left it out... Those who spoke in favour of the poor men, were what the reporters call burked.
    • 1888, Rudyard Kipling, Plain Tales from the Hills, Folio 2005, page 128: He put away—burked—the Directors' letter, and went in to talk to Riley
    1953, Robert Graves, Poems, 4 Socrates and Plato burked the issue.
related terms:
  • To bishop
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) Variant spelling of berk.
  • burek
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) burlesque
burly Alternative forms: bowerly (dialectal) etymology From Middle English burly, burely, borly, burlich, borlich, borlic, of uncertain origin. Cognate with Scots burely, burly. Perhaps from Old English *būrlīċ, equivalent to bower + ly; or from Old English *byrlīċ, from byre, cognate with Old High German burlīh, purlīh, related to Old High German burjan. See burgeon. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈbɜːli/ {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (usually, of a man) Large, well-built, and muscular. He's a big, burly rugby player who works as a landscape gardener.
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} She was frankly disappointed. For some reason she had thought to discover a burglar of one or another accepted type—either a dashing cracksman in full-blown evening dress, lithe, polished, pantherish, or a common yegg, a red-eyed, unshaven burly brute in the rags and tatters of a tramp.
  2. (UK, slang, East End of London) Great, amazing, unbelievable. That goal was burly. Räikkönen is a burly Formula 1 driver.
  3. (US, slang, surf culture and/or Southern California) Of large magnitude, either good or bad, and sometimes both. That wave was burly! (i.e. large, dangerous and difficult to ride) This hike is going to be burly, but worth it because there is good body surfing at that beach.
burn {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /bɝn/, {{enPR}}
  • (RP) /bɜːn/, {{enPR}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English bernen, birnen, from Old English byrnan, beornan, from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenu̯ (compare Middle Irish brennim, bruinnim), present stem from *bʰreu-, *bʰru- (compare Middle Irish bréo, Albanian burth, Sanskrit ). More at brew.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{examples-right}}
  1. A physical injury caused by heat or cold or electricity or radiation or caustic chemical. She had second-degree burns from falling in the bonfire.
  2. A sensation resembling such an injury. chili burn from eating hot peppers
  3. The act of burning something. They're doing a controlled burn of the fields.
  4. Physical sensation in the muscle following strenuous exercise, caused by build-up of lactic acid. One and, two and, keep moving; feel the burn!
  5. (slang) An intense non-physical sting, as left by an effective insult.
  6. (UK, chiefly, prison slang) tobacco
  7. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking. They have a good burn.
  8. A disease in vegetable; brand.
  9. An effective insult.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To be consumed by fire, or at least in flame. exampleHe watched the house burn.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (intransitive) To become overheat to the point of being unusable. exampleThe grill was too hot and the steak was burned.
  3. (intransitive) To feel hot, e.g. due to embarrassment. exampleThe child's forehead was burning with fever.  {{nowrap}}
  4. (intransitive) To sunburn. exampleShe forgot to put on sunscreen and burned.
  5. (intransitive, curling) To accidentally touch a moving stone.
  6. (transitive, ergative) To cause to be consumed by fire. exampleHe burned his manuscript in the fireplace.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  7. (transitive, ergative) To overheat so as to make unusable. exampleHe burned the toast.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
  8. (transitive) To injure (a person or animal) with heat or caustic chemicals. exampleShe burned the child with an iron, and was jailed for ten years.
  9. (transitive) To make or produce by the application of fire or burning heat. exampleto burn a hole;  to burn letters into a block
  10. (transitive) To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does. exampleto burn the mouth with pepper
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) This tyrant fever burns me up.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) This dry sorrow burns up all my tears.
    • Epistle of James 4:2 (AMP) You are jealous and covet [what others have] and your desires go unfulfilled; [so] you become murderers. [To hate is to murder as far as your hearts are concerned.] You burn with envy and anger and are not able to obtain [the gratification, the contentment, and the happiness that you seek], so you fight and war. You do not have, because you do not ask.
  11. (transitive, surgery) To cauterize.
  12. (transitive, slang) To betray. exampleThe informant burned him.
  13. (transitive, computing) To write data to a permanent storage medium like a compact disc or a ROM chip. exampleWe’ll burn this program onto an EEPROM one hour before the demo begins. 〈We’ll burn this program onto an EEPROM one hour before the demo begins.〉
  14. (transitive) To waste (time). exampleWe have an hour to burn.
  15. (transitive, slang) To insult or defeat. exampleI just burned you again.
  16. (transitive, cards) In pontoon, to swap a pair of cards for another pair. Also to deal a dead card.
  17. (photography) To increase the exposure for certain areas of a print in order to make them light (compare dodge).
  18. (chemistry, dated) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat. exampleCopper burns in chlorine.
  19. (chemistry, transitive) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize. exampleA human being burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration.  {{nowrap}}
  20. In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought. exampleYou're cold... warm... hot... you're burning!
etymology 2 From Middle English burn, bourne, from Old English burne, burna, from Proto-Germanic *brunnô, *brunō (compare Western Frisian boarne, Dutch bron, German Brunnen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrew- (compare Albanian burim from buroj, Ancient Greek φρέαρ 〈phréar〉, xcl աղբիւր 〈aġbiwr〉). Doublet of bourn. More at brew.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland, northern England) A stream.
    • 1881, Gerard Manley Hopkins, THIS darksome burn, horseback brown, His rollrock highroad roaring down, In coop and in comb the fleece of his foam Flutes and low to the lake falls home.
    • 1881, , : He may pitch on some tuft of lilacs over a burn, and smoke innumerable pipes to the tune of the water on the stones.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 105: When it was too heavy rain the burn ran very high and wide and ye could never jump it.
related terms:
  • bourn
burn book {{wikipedia}} etymology From slang burn + book; first used in the 2004 film .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A book for writing unpleasant information about others.
burner pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈbɜːnə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈbɝnɚ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone or something which burn.
  2. An element on a kitchen stove that generates localized heat for cooking.
    • 1975, Bob Dylan, Tangled Up in Blue She lit a burner on the stove And offered me a pipe "I thought you'd never say hello", she said "You look like the silent type"
  3. (chemistry) A device that generates localized heat for experiments; a bunsen burner.
  4. A device that burn fuel; e.g. a diesel engine; a hot-air balloon's propulsion system.
  5. A device for burn refuse; an incinerator
  6. (computing) A device that allows data or music to be stored on a CDR or CD-ROM.
  7. (slang) A mobile phone used for only a short time and then thrown away so that the owner cannot be trace.
  8. (computing) An app that creates temporary phone numbers for a user.
  9. (slang) An elaborate piece of graffiti.
    • 2011, Adam Melnyk, Visual Orgasm: The Early Years of Canadian Graffiti (page 84) … we were doing productions, burners like 100 feet long and as tall as we could get, standing on people's shoulders, …
Synonyms: (element on kitchen stone, UK) ring
burnout etymology From the verb to burn out. {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Using the throttle to spin the wheels of a vehicle being held stationary, causing the spinning tires to produce smoke and burn rubber.
  2. (US, slang) A marijuana addict; one whose brains have been burned out.
  3. (psychology) The experience of long-term exhaustion and diminished interest, especially in one's career.
burn phone
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, US) a cell phone bought anonymously with cash, usually used as a means of conducting illegal business or harassment.
burnt offering
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A slaughtered animal offer and burnt on an altar, as an atonement for sin; a sacrifice.
  2. (humorous) Overcooked food.
buro Alternative forms: bureau etymology Borrowing from French bureau, from Old French burel, diminutive of *bure (compare Middle French bure, French bourre), from ll burra; akin to Ancient Greek .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. an office
    • {{quote-web}}
    • {{quote-web}}
  2. a desk, usually with a cover and compartments for storing papers etc. located above the level of the writing surface rather than underneath.
  3. (US) a Chest of drawers for clothes
    • 1885 , 2005 , Online , , Marietta Holley , Sweet Cicely , , , , The Gutenberg Project , , page , “And I went up into the spare chamber, and sort o' fixed Philury's things to the best advantage; for I knew the neighbors would be in to look at 'em. And I was a standin' there as calm and happy as the buro or table, ... ”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
related terms:
  • burocracy
  • burocrat
  • burocratic
  • burel
buroo Alternative forms: broo, burroo etymology Representing a Scottish pronunciation of bureau. pronunciation
  • (UK) /bəˈɹuː/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland, slang) The Labour Bureau; hence, unemployment benefit; the dole.
    • 193?, Lewis Grassic Gibbon, ‘Forsaken’, Smeddum, Canongate 2001: Johnny kenned at once the coarse brute was drunk same as father was Friday nights when he got his money from the Broo.
    • 1990, Alasdair Gray, ‘Quiet People’, Canongate 2012 (Every Short Story 1951-2012), p. 461: ‘Anyway, MacFee is very good at stripping lead and copper and zinc and iron from old factories and houses that are going to be demolished – folk pay him to do that, and when work is short he never goes on the burroo.
burp gun
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A small submachine gun
burp the worm
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) To masturbate.
burrhead etymology burr + head, referring to fuzzy hair.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, offensive, ethnic slur) A black person.
    • 1993, Donald Lee Grant, Jonathan Grant, The Way it was in the South (page 424) Top FBI officials were bitter that their scandalous tidbits about "burrhead" (Hoover's favorite nickname for [Martin Luther] King) were were not published and King's stature was undiminished.
    • 2002, Charles Combs, Deadly Heritage (page 27) If you burrheads are looking for some white stuff tonight, you'd better look elsewhere. Now, get the hell out of here before I feed you your balls for an appetizer!” The younger black whirls to face Harlan, his biceps tugging at his shirtsleeves …
bury pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈbɛ.ɹi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Middle English burien, berien, from Old English byrġan, from Proto-Germanic *burgijaną (compare Old Norse byrgja), from *berganą (compare Old English beorgan, West Frisian bergje ‘to keep’, German bergen ‘to save/rescue something’), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerĝʰ, *bʰr̥ĝʰ (compare Albanian mburojë, Lithuanian (Eastern) bir̃ginti ‘to save, spare’, Russian беречь 〈berečʹ〉 ‘to spare’, Ossetian ӕмбӕрзын 〈æmbærzyn〉.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To ritualistically inter in a grave or tomb.
  2. (transitive) To place in the ground. examplebury a bone;  bury the embers
  3. (transitive, often, figurative) To hide or conceal as if by covering with earth or another substance.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleshe buried her face in the pillow;  they buried us in paperwork
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To suppress and hide away in one's mind. examplesecrets kept buried; she buried her shame and put on a smiling face.
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To put an end to; to abandon. exampleThey buried their argument and shook hands.
    • Shakespeare Give me a bowl of wine. / In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius.
  6. (transitive, figuratively) To score a goal.
    • {{quote-news}}
  7. (transitive, slang) To kill or murder.
related terms:
  • burial
  • burian
  • bury the hatchet
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A burrow.{{R:COED2|page=190/687}}
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
etymology 2 See borough.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A borough; a manor
    • 1843, , , book 2, ch. 5, "Twelfth Century" Indisputable, though very dim to modern vision, rests on its hill-slope that same Bury, Stow, or Town of St. Edmund; already a considerable place, not without traffic
  • ruby, Ruby
bus {{wikipedia}} etymology Shortening of omnibus, from Latin omnibus; dative plural of omnis. The electrical sense is derived from figurative application of the automotive sense. pronunciation
  • (UK) /bʌs/, [bɐs], {{enPR}}
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /bʌs/, {{enPR}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (automotive) A motor vehicle for transport large numbers of people along road.
  2. An electrical conductor or interface serving as a common connection for two or more circuit or component.
  3. (medical industry, slang) An ambulance.
Synonyms: (vehicle) coach, loser cruiser, motorbus, omnibus, (electrical conductor) electrical bus, busbar, digit trunk
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, automotive, transport) To transport via a motor bus.
  2. (transitive, automotive, transport, chiefly, US) To transport students to school, often to a more distant school for the purposes of achieving racial integration.
  3. (intransitive, automotive, transport) To travel by bus.
  4. (transitive, US, food service) To clear meal remains from. He bussed tables as the restaurant emptied out.
  5. (intransitive, US, food service) To work at clearing the remains of meals from tables or counters; to work as a busboy. He’s been bussing for minimum wage.
The Canadian Oxford Dictionary only presents the spellings buses, busing, and bused, implying that these are the predominant forms in Canada.
  • sub
  • UBS
  • USB
busable Alternative forms: bussable etymology bus + able
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) reachable or traversable by bus
    • 1998, Minakshi Chaudhry, Exploring Pangi Himalaya: a world beyond civilization (page 292) Work is going on to widen the road to make it busable.
    • 2005, Johnny Rich, The PUSH Guide to which University (page 172) Just outside the city centre, briskly walkable and even more briskly busable from the main City site, Charlie Frears has his own medical library and teaching facilities…
  2. (computing, informal) capable of being used with a bus (electrical conductor or interface)
    • 1997, Mix: Volume 21, Issues 1-6 The mainframe system offers busable signal routing, remote power supply and an optional remote fader box.
bus driver
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person employed to drive people around in a bus.
bush {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /bʊʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English busch, busshe, from Old English busc, bysc, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz, probably from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-. Cognate with West Frisian bosk, Dutch bos, German Busch, Danish busk, Swedish buske, Persian بیشه 〈by̰sẖh〉. Latin and Romance forms (Latin boscus, Occitan bòsc, French bois and buisson, Italian bosco and boscaglia, Spanish bosque, Portuguese bosque) derive from the Germanic. The sense 'pubic hair' was first attested in 1745.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (horticulture) A woody plant distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, being usually less than six metres tall; a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 1 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients], 1 , “I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.”
  2. (slang, vulgar) A person's pubic hair, especially a woman's; loosely, a woman's vulva.
    • 1749, John Cleland, Memoirs Of Fanny Hill, Gutenberg eBook #25305, As he stood on one side, unbuttoning his waistcoat and breeches, her fat brawny thighs hung down, and the whole greasy landscape lay fairly open to my view; a wide open mouthed gap, overshaded with a grizzly bush, seemed held out like a beggar′s wallet for its provision.
    • 1982, Lawrence Durrell, Constance, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p. 787: But no, the little pool of semen was there, proof positive, with droplets caught hanging in her bush.
  3. A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree. examplebushes to support pea vines
  4. A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.
    • William Shakespeare If it be true that good wine needs no bush, 'tis true that a good play needs no epilogue.
  5. (hunting) The tail, or brush, of a fox.
Synonyms: (category of woody plant) shrub, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To branch thickly in the manner of a bush.
    • 1726, , (translator), , 1839, Samuel Johnson (editor), The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope, Esq., page 404, Around it, and above, for ever green, / The bushing alders form'd a shady scene.
  2. To set bushes for; to support with bushes. to bush peas
  3. To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with a bush. to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground
etymology 2 From the sign of a bush usually employed to indicate such places.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic) A tavern or wine merchant.
etymology 3 From Middle Dutch bosch (modern bos) ("wood, forest"), first appearing in the Dutch colonies to designate an uncleared district of a colony, and thence adopted in British colonies as bush.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (often with "the") Rural areas, typically remote, wooded, undeveloped and uncultivated.
    1. (Australia) The countryside area of Australia that is less arid and less remote than the outback; loosely, areas of natural flora even within conurbation.
      • 1894, Henry Lawson, We Called Him “Ally” for Short, Short Stories in Prose and Verse, Gutenberg Australia eBook #0607911, I remember, about five years ago, I was greatly annoyed by a ghost, while doing a job of fencing in the bush between here and Perth.
      • 1899, Ethel Pedley, Dot and the Kangaroo, Gutenberg Australia eBook #0900681h, Little Dot had lost her way in the bush.
      • 2000, Robert Holden, Paul Cliff, Jack Bedson, The Endless Playground: Celebrating Australian Childhood, page 16, The theme of children lost in the bush is a well-worked one in Australian art and literature.
    2. (New Zealand) An area of New Zealand covered in forest, especially native forest.
    3. (Canadian) The wild forested areas of Canada; upcountry.
  2. (Canadian) A woodlot or bluff on a farm.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. The noun "bush", used attributively. The bush vote; bush party; bush tucker; bush aristocracy; bush tea
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (Australia) Towards the direction of the outback. On hatching, the chicks scramble to the surface and head bush on their own.
etymology 4 {{back-form}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Not skilled; not professional; not major league. They're supposed to be a major league team, but so far they've been bush.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball) Amateurish behavior, short for "bush league behavior" The way that pitcher showed up the batter after the strikeout was bush.
etymology 5 From Middle Dutch busse 'box; wheel bushing', from Proto-Germanic *buhsiz (compare English box). More at box.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A thick washer or hollow cylinder of metal (also bushing).
  2. A mechanical attachment, usually a metallic socket with a screw thread, such as the mechanism by which a camera is attached to a tripod stand.
  3. A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored. {{rfquotek}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To furnish with a bush or lining. to bush a pivot hole
  • hubs
Bushbama Alternative forms: BushBama etymology {{blend}}, from surnames of George W. Bush and Barack Obama.
proper noun: {{en-proper-noun}}
  1. (US, politics, derogatory) George W. Bush and Barack Obama, seen as a continuation of the same political agenda.
bush baptist Alternative forms: bush Baptist, bush-Baptist, Bush Baptist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fictitious religious affiliation, invoked by a person who does not claim or admit affiliation with a particular church. I asked Jim what religion he was, and he replied "bush baptist".
  2. (slang) A person not educated in any particular religion; a religious zealot or proselytiser not educated in religion.
    • 1975, Cicely Louise Evans, The Saint Game, [http//|%22bush+baptists%22+-intitle:%22bush%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22bush+baptist%22|%22bush+baptists%22+-intitle:%22bush%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=t7MWT57UCKyUiAfklI3xAw&redir_esc=y page 80], Annesley knew this meant that she was not to tell tales, but about what? Did Uncle Walker want his Bush Baptist religion kept a secret?
    • 1999, American Association for State and Local History, History News, Volumes 54-56, [http//|%22bush+baptists%22+-intitle:%22bush%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22bush+baptist%22|%22bush+baptists%22+-intitle:%22bush%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=j6kWT6jMHOiaiAez-qGGBA&redir_esc=y page 69], The Creole slave revolts in Dominica in 1823, involved bush Baptists and slave catechists who attacked plantations and which led to 250 deaths;…
    • 2009, Sheryl McCorry, Diamonds and Dust, [http//|%22bush+baptists%22+-intitle:%22bush%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UJ4WT6PQHdDGmQW8oO3GAw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bush%20baptist%22|%22bush%20baptists%22%20-intitle%3A%22bush%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 120], He had always been there in my time of need and yet he knew I was a bush Baptist.
bushbuck {{rfi}} {{wikipedia}} {{wikispecies}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An antelope ({{taxlink}}) that is found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  2. (informal) Occasionally used for any relatives of above that share its inhabitant.
Synonyms: bush antelope, marsh buck
bushel {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French boissel, from boisse, a grain measure based on Gaulish *bostyā‎ 〈*bostyā‎〉, from Proto-Celtic *bostā (compare Breton boz, Old Irish bas), from Proto-Indo-European *gwost-, *gwosdʰ-. pronunciation
  • /ˈbʊʃəl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A dry measure, containing four peck, eight gallon (36.4 L), or thirty-two quart. The Winchester bushel, formerly used in England, contained 2150.42 cubic inches, being the volume of a cylinder 181/2 inches in internal diameter and eight inches in depth. The standard bushel measures, prepared by the United States Government and distributed to the States, hold each 77.6274 pounds of distilled water, at 39.8° Fahr. and 30 inches atmospheric pressure, being the equivalent of the Winchester bushel. The imperial bushel now in use in England is larger than the Winchester bushel, containing 2218.2 cubic inches, or 80 pounds of water at 62° Fahr.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 207: The quarter, bushel, and peck are nearly universal measures of corn.
  2. A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IV: And he sayde unto them: is the candle lighted, to be put under a busshell, or under the borde: ys it not therfore lighted that it shulde be put on a candelsticke?
  3. A quantity that fills a bushel measure; as, a heap containing ten bushels of apples. In the United States a large number of articles, bought and sold by the bushel, are measured by weighing, the number of pounds that make a bushel being determined by State law or by local custom. For some articles, as apples, potatoes, etc., heaped measure is required in measuring a bushel.
  4. (colloquial) A large indefinite quantity.
  5. The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. [Eng.] In the United States it is called a box.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US, tailoring, ambitransitive) To mend or repair clothes.
busher etymology bush + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, baseball, slang) A major league baseball player who has recently come from a small league.
    • August 1952, Baseball Digest Page 37 He was talking about me all the time that day in Boston, standing with the bat boy, making cracks. That's all right but when he called me a busher in front of the whole Yank team and then challenged me, I had to fight.
bushie etymology From bush + ie. pronunciation
  • (Australia) /ˈbʊʃi/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AU, colloquial) Someone who lives or spends a lot of time in the bush; a bushman.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber and Faber 2003, p. 184: I bought the king parrot from an old bushie in a pub in Exhibition Street.
bush pig Alternative forms: bush-pig, bushpig (Potamochoerus larvatus)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An African pig of the taxonomic genus {{taxlink}}; {{taxlink}} or {{taxlink}}.
    • 1969, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, Volume 63, [http//|%22bush+pigs%22+-intitle:%22bush+-pig%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22bush+pig%22|%22bush+pigs%22+-intitle:%22bush+-pig%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XnAZT-HwIvCZiAe6nJD2Cw&redir_esc=y page 19], The commonest game animals are vervet and colobus monkey, baboon, common duiker, bush-pig and grysbok.
    • 2006, Armin Prinz (editor), Hunting Food and Drinking Wine: Proceedings of the conference in Poysdorf, 2003, [http//|%22bush+pigs%22+-intitle:%22bush+-pig%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22bush+pig%22|%22bush+pigs%22+-intitle:%22bush+-pig%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J3sZT4DNFIKZiQfC0K3kCw&redir_esc=y page 208], There are two types of bohonda net hunts. One type is directed by a nkangohonda (bush pig charmer), a sorcerer-hunter who handles bush pigs as easily as if they were dogs, gathering herds of them about him and even holding them by their necks.
    • 2011, Britannica Educational Publishing, Grazers, [http//|%22bush+pigs%22+-intitle:%22bush+-pig%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=w20ZT9yRHe-XiAeTppXXCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22bush%20pig%22|%22bush%20pigs%22%20-intitle%3A%22bush%20-pig%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 175], The bush pig (Potamochoerus porcus) is an African member of the pig family, Suidae, resembling a boar but with long body hair and tassels of hair on its ears.
  2. (Australia, slang, derogatory) An unattractive woman.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
  • (Potamochoerus porcus) red river hog
bush week etymology Apparently from an actual attempt to organise a Bush Festival in in 1919; the idea then being extended to the present figurative use. "[ Bush week]", Kel Richards (presenter), [[w:Australian Broadcasting Commission|Australian Broadcasting Commission]] News Radio article.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, informal) An imagined or symbolic time when assumedly unsophisticated people from the bush come to the city, likely to be preyed on by tricksters there. What do you think this is, bush week? (= What do you take me for? ; Do you think I'm an idiot?)
business {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English busines, bisynes, from Old English bisiġnes, equivalent to busy + ness. Compare also busyness. pronunciation
  • /ˈbɪznəs/ or /ˈbɪznɪs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) A specific commercial enterprise or establishment. exampleI was left my father's business.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (countable) A person's occupation, work, or trade. exampleHe is in the motor business. exampleI'm going to Las Vegas on business.
  3. (uncountable) Commercial, industrial, or professional activity. exampleHe's such a poor cook, I can't believe he's still in business! exampleWe do business all over the world.
  4. (uncountable) The volume or amount of commercial trade. exampleBusiness has been slow lately. exampleThey did nearly a million dollars of business over the long weekend.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. (uncountable) One's dealings; patronage. exampleI shall take my business elsewhere.
  6. (uncountable) Private commercial interest taken collectively. exampleThis proposal will satisfy both business and labor.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  7. (uncountable) The management of commercial enterprises, or the study of such management. exampleI studied business at Harvard.
  8. (countable) A particular situation or activity. exampleThis UFO stuff is a mighty strange business.
  9. (countable) An objective or a matter needing to be dealt with. exampleOur principal business here is to get drunk. exampleLet's get down to business.
  10. (uncountable) Something involving one personally. exampleThat's none of your business.
  11. (uncountable, parliamentary procedure) Matters that come before a body for deliberation or action. exampleIf that concludes the announcements, we'll move on to new business.
  12. (travel, uncountable) Business class, the class of seating provided by airlines between first class and coach.
  13. (acting) Action carried out with a prop or piece of clothing, usually away from the focus of the scene.
  14. (countable, rare) The collective noun for a group of ferrets.
  15. (uncountable, slang, British) Something very good; top quality. (possibly from "the bee's knees") exampleThese new phones are the business!
  16. (slang, uncountable) Excrement, particularly that of a non-human animal. exampleYour ferret left his business all over the floor. exampleAs the cart went by, its horse lifted its tail and did its business.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, to, pertaining to or utilized for purposes of conduct trade, commerce, governance, advocacy or other professional purposes.
    • 1897, Reform Club (New York, N.Y.) Sound Currency Committee, Sound currency, Volumes 4-5, [http//|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&dq=%22solely+business%22+-%22business+-like|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&hl=en&ei=FaaETYaAJsKdccfR-Z4D&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=15&ved=0CHAQ6AEwDg page cclii], They are solely business instruments. Every man's relation to them is purely a business relation. His use of them is purely a business use.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, The China Governess , 10, , “With a little manœuvring they contrived to meet on the doorstep which was […] in a boiling stream of passers-by, hurrying business people speeding past in a flurry of fumes and dust in the bright haze.”
    • 1996, Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company, American Law Reports: Annotations and Cases, Volume 35, [http//|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&dq=%22solely+business%22+-%22business+-like|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&hl=en&ei=FaaETYaAJsKdccfR-Z4D&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=20&ved=0CIoBEOgBMBM page 432], … the fact that the injured party came to the insured premises for solely business purposes precluded any reliance on the non-business pursuits exception (§ 1 1 2[b]).
    • 2003, Marvin Snider, Compatibility Breeds Success: How to Manage Your Relationship with Your Business Partner, [http//|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&hl=en&ei=FaaETYaAJsKdccfR-Z4D&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=18&ved=0CH4Q6AEwEQ#v=onepage&q=%22solely%20business%22%20-%22business%20-like|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&f=false page 298], Both of these partnerships have to cope with these dual issues in a more complicated way than is the case in solely business partnerships.
    example"Please do not use this phone for personal calls; it is a business phone."
  2. Professional, businesslike, having concern for good business practice.
    • 1889, The Clothier and furnisher, Volume 19, page 38, He is thoroughly business, but has the happy faculty of transacting it in a genial and courteous manner.
    • 1909, La Salle Extension University, Business Administration: Business Practice, page 77, … and the transaction carried through in a thoroughly business manner.
    • 1927, Making of America Project, Harper's Magazine, Volume 154, [http//|thoroughly+business%22+-%22business+-like|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&dq=%22fully|thoroughly+business%22+-%22business+-like|minded|oriented|focused|centric|processed|integrated%22&hl=en&ei=2cCETaXcBsKPcaH-5YAD&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=58&ved=0CJYCEOgBMDk4ZA page 502], Sometimes this very subtle contrast becomes only too visible, as when in wartime Jewish business men were almost lynched because they were thoroughly business men and worked for profit.
    • 2009, Frank Channing Haddock, Business Power: Supreme Business Laws and Maxims that Win Wealth, page 231, The moral is evident: do not invest in schemes promising enormous and quick returns unless you have investigated them in a thoroughly business manner.
  3. Supporting business, conducive to the conduct of business.
    • 1867, Edmund Hodgson Yates (editor), Amiens, in Tinsley's Magazine, page 430, Amiens is a thoroughly business town, the business being chiefly with the flax-works.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  • {{rank}}
businessese etymology business + ese
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The jargon used in business.
businessy etymology business + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Businesslike, or related to business.
    • {{quote-news}}
bust {{slim-wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈbʌst/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From French buste < Italian busto, probably from Latin būstum.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sculptural portrayal of a person's head and shoulder
  2. The breast and upper thorax of a woman
etymology 2 From the verb to burst.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To break something
  2. (slang) To arrest for a crime
  3. (slang) To catch someone in the act of doing something wrong, socially and morally inappropriate, or illegal, especially when being done in a sneaky or secretive state.
  4. (snowboarding) An emphatic to do exampleHe busted huge air off that jump!
  5. (US, informal) To reduce in rank. exampleHe busted him down to patrolman for insubordination.
    • 1962, , 01:56:35 If Steinkamp doesn't take off that hat and stop messing around, I'm gonna bust him into a PFC.
  6. (poker) To lose all of one's chips.
  7. (blackjack) To exceed a score of 21.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The act of arresting someone for a crime, or raiding a suspected criminal operation: a narcotics bust
  2. (slang) A failed enterprise; a bomb.
  3. (sports, derogatory) A player who fails to meet expectations.
  4. (chess, informal) A refutation of an opening, or of previously published analysis.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) without any money, broke
  • BTUs, buts, stub, tubs
bust a cap
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial or slang) To fire a weapon; to shoot with a gun.
bust a cap in someone's ass
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) alternative form of pop a cap in someone's ass
bust a gut
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To work or try very hard. I had to really bust a gut to get it done by the deadline
  2. (slang) To laugh very hard. Something about the way he said that made me just bust a gut: I practically died laughing!

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