The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Chevrolet car.
    • 1971, , "" (song): Drove my Chevy to the levee but the levee was dry …
chew etymology Middle English chewen, from Old English ċēowan, from Proto-Germanic *kewwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵyewh₁- 〈*ǵyewh₁-〉 (compare Latin gingīva, txb śuwaṃ 〈śuwaṃ〉, Polish żuję, Persian جویدن 〈jwy̰dn〉, Pashto ). pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /t͡ʃu/
  • {{audio}}
  • (UK) /t͡ʃuː/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To crush with the teeth by repeated closing and opening of the jaw; done to food to soften it and break it down by the action of saliva before it is swallow. Make sure to chew thoroughly, and don't talk with your mouth full! The steak was tough to chew as it had been cooked too long.
  2. To grind, tear, or otherwise degrade or demolish something with teeth or as with teeth. He keep his feed in steel drums to prevent the mice from chewing holes in the feed-sacks. The harsh desert wind and sand had chewed the stump into ragged strips of wood.
  3. (informal) To think about something; to ponder; to chew over. The professor stood at the blackboard, chalk in hand, and chewed the question the student had asked.
    • Alexander Pope Old politicians chew wisdom past.
    • Prior He chews revenge, abjuring his offense.
Synonyms: (crush food with teeth prior to swallowing) bite, chavel, chomp, crunch, masticate, (degrade or demolish as if with teeth) grind, pulverize, rip, shred, tear, (think about) contemplate, ruminate, mull, muse, ponder, See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small sweet, such as a taffy, that is eaten by chewing. Phillip purchased a bag of licorice chews at the drugstore.
  2. (informal, uncountable) Chewing tobacco. The school had banned chew and smokes from the school grounds, even for adults.
  3. (countable or uncountable) A plug or wad of chewing tobacco; chaw or a chaw. The ballplayers sat on the bench watching the rain, glumly working their chews. The first time he chewed tobacco, he swallowed his chew and got extremely sick.
Chewbacca defense {{wikipedia}} etymology Chewbacca (a character from the 1977 film Star Wars) + defense, coined in "", a 1998 episode of .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (legal, humorous) Any legal strategy or propaganda strategy that seeks to overwhelm its audience with nonsensical arguments, as a way of confusing the audience and drowning out legitimate opposing arguments.
    • {{quote-web }}
chewing gum {{wikipedia}} etymology From to chew, + gum.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A flavoured preparation of chicle or synthetic rubber, made for chewing.
Synonyms: chewie
chew over
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To think deeply about; to ponder or mull over.
Synonyms: See also
Chi {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: Ch'i
etymology 1 From the Wade-Giles romanization of the cmn Chinese 〈qí〉
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (historic, dated) Qi, an ancient Chinese duchy, viscounty, and kingdom under the Zhou dynasty
  2. {{surname}}
etymology 2 Apocope of Chihuahua.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Chihuahua.
Chiantishire {{wikipedia}} etymology Chianti + shire
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) An area of Tuscany, Italy, favoured by upper-class British citizen.
chib Alternative forms: chiv, shiv, shive pronunciation
  • (UK) /tʃɪb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland, Geordie, slang) A shiv makeshift knife.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (Scotland, Geordie, slang) To shiv stab.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, p. 61: And if they had knives too, their gang had all knives and people were going to get chibbed.
chica etymology Spanish
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (North America, informal) A Latin-American girl; a Latina.
    • 2005, Magnolia Belle, Black Wolf: Lakota Man "But, I thought you wanted to come with us. There are some hot chicas just waiting for the Black Wolf boys."
Chicago {{wikipedia}} etymology From mia or pot shikaakwa, via the French transcription Checagou. Compare Ojibwa zhigaagawanzh, zhigaag. pronunciation
  • (US) /(t)ʃɪˈkɑ.ɡoʊ/, /(t)ʃəˈkɑ.ɡoʊ/ or /ʃɪˈkɔ.ɡoʊ/, /ʃəˈkɔ.ɡoʊ/
    • (Chicago accent) /ʃəˈkɑː.ɡoʊ/[ Dialects Of Illinois, Chicago samples 3 and 6][ Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel's pronunciation of the city's name]<!--circa halfway into the video--> or /ʃəˈkɔː.ɡoʊ/[ Chicago Mayor Richard Daley's pronunciation of the city's name]<!--actually closer to /ʃɪˈkɔ.ɡoʊ/ IMO-->
  • {{audio}}, {{audio}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A large city located on in northeastern Illinois, USA.
Synonyms: Chi-Town / Chitown (informal), the Windy City (informal), Hogtown (US, informal), Shitcago (vulgar, derogatory)
Chicago overcoat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) Death; being killed or murdered.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 189: ‘Go ahead and blast and see what it gets you.’ ‘A Chicago overcoat is what it would get you, little man.’
chi chi man
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Caribbean English, slang, pejorative) A homosexual man.
Synonyms: See also , batty boy, batty man
chick etymology From Middle English chike, variation of chiken, from Old English ċicen, cycen. Sense of "young woman" first attested in Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis (1927) [ Etymology] of chick in [[:w:Online Etymology Dictionary|Online Etymology Dictionary]]. More at chicken. pronunciation
  • /t͡ʃɪk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A young bird.
  2. A young chicken.
  3. (slang) {{rft-sense}} A woman (especially one who is young and/or attractive). Three cool chicks / Are walking down the street / Swinging their hips — song "Three Cool Cats" by
    • 1927, Elmer Gantry, Sinclair Lewis , “He had determined that marriage now would cramp his advancement in the church and that, anyway, he didn't want to marry this brainless little fluffy chick, who would be of no help in impressing rich parishioners.”
    • 2004, Bad moon rising‎, Tess Pendergrass , “I can't believe you've got a hot chick in that ratty apartment with you.”
Synonyms: See also , See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To sprout, as seed does in the ground; to vegetate. {{rfquotek}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish) A chicken or similar bird.
  2. Term of endearment for a young child.
chickdom etymology chick + dom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The world or sphere of chick (young women).
    • 1998, Julie Tilsner, 29 and counting: a chick's guide to turning 30 (page 172) It's simple; she has reached a higher level of chickdom. She possesses secrets, knowledge her younger sisters do not have.
    • 2005, Mack MacGuyson, Chick Fu (page 30) If one chick takes another chick's boyfriend, or calls her fat behind her back, or does any of the million or so things that violate the laws of chickdom, then vicious, eye-gouging revenge is her only recourse.
    • 2006, Karen Bridson, The secrets of skinny chicks (page 153) Just find the right time to get your head back into the game and you will be able to get back on the road to skinny chickdom — when you are ready.
chicken {{wikipedia}} {{wikispecies}} {{commons}} etymology From Middle English chicken, from Old English ċicen, cycen, diminutive of coc, cocc, or from Proto-Germanic *kiukīną. Cognate with Northern Frisian schückling, Saterland Frisian Sjuuken, Dutch kuiken, Low German küken, German Küken, German dialectal Küchlein and Old Norse kjúklingr. More at cock, -en. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈt͡ʃɪk.ɪn/
  • (US) /ˈt͡ʃɪk.ɪn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) A domestic fowl, Gallus gallus, especially when young
  2. (uncountable) The meat from this bird eaten as food.
  3. (countable, slang) A coward.
  4. (countable, gay slang) A young, attractive, slim man, usually having little body hair. Compare chickenhawk
  5. (countable, slang) A young or inexperienced person.
    • 1887, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, III: "This case will make a stir, sir," he remarked. "It beats anything I have seen, and I am no chicken."
    • Jonathan Swift Stella is no chicken.
  6. A confrontational game in which the participants move toward each other at high speed (usually in automobile); the player who turns first to avoid colliding into the other is the chicken (i.e., the loser.) Don't play chicken with a freight train; you're guaranteed to lose.
  7. The game of dare.
Synonyms: (bird) cock (male only), chook (Australia, NZ), hen (female only), rooster (male only), (coward), (young, attractive, slim man) twink, (young inexperienced person) spring chicken, See also
related terms:
  • chick
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. cowardly
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To avoid as a result of fear.
  2. (intransitive) To develop physical or other characteristics resembling a chicken's, for example, bumps on the skin.
  • check in, check-in
chickenarian etymology chicken + arian
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Eating chicken and/or egg, especially in conjunction with an otherwise vegetarian diet.
chicken colonel etymology From the insignia of rank, which bears a depiction of an eagle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, dated, military) A member of the U. S. armed forces having the rank of full colonel, as distinct from a lieutenant colonel.
    • 1951, "The Face Is Familiar," Time, 14 May, In 1944, when many of his West Point classmates—including Omar Bradley and Dwight Eisenhower—had won general's stars, Van Fleet was still a chicken colonel commanding a regiment.
Synonyms: bird colonel, full bird colonel
chicken fillet etymology From the texture and shape of the silicone outplant Alternative forms: chicken filet
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: A piece of chicken breast meat
  2. (slang) A piece of rubber or silicone placed in a woman's bra under the breast to increase apparent size and/or create more cleavage.
    • 2009, Chrissie Manby, Crazy in Love … to wear a bikini this year, to enjoy the season without fearing that my chicken fillets are going to fall out every time I jump in a pool.
Synonyms: falsie, outplant
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US politics) A political epithet. A draft-dodger, especially in the Vietnam War, who nonetheless currently supports United States overseas military engagements.
  2. A common name for one of three species of bird – the Cooper's hawk, the sharp-shinned hawk and the red-tailed hawk.
  3. (derogatory, slang) A sexual predator – an older, usually more powerful man who preys on adolescent boys for sex.
chicken hawk etymology chicken (in the Old English sense of cycen: young fowl, its alleged primary prey) + hawk
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic) Any of the North American hawk species (Cooper's hawk, sharp-shinned hawk and red-tailed hawk), or counterparts elsewhere, mistakenly believed to be pest.
  2. (British, US, gay slang) An adult male preferring younger male sexual partner.
  3. (pejorative, political, slang) An advocate of war or military action who is avoiding personal military service, or avoided it in the past.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hip-hop, derogatory) A woman who readily performs fellatio; by extension, an unintelligent and promiscuous woman.
  2. (rock climbing) A bulbous protrusion on a rock face easily grabbed, stepped on, or tied off on when climbing.
chicken-heartedly etymology chicken-hearted + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (pejorative) In a chicken-hearted manner; fearfully
    • In Words and Deeds: Battle Speeches in History , Richard F. Miller , 2008 , page 294 , 1584657316, “You surely would have abandoned it as chicken-heartedly as you refused to stand up to him in the field. ”
chicken lane
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An additional lane in the middle of a two-way street that assists drivers who are turning onto the two-way street.
    • Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia , 1998 , “It's about two miles long with three lanes - one this way, one that way, and a chicken lane. Our driver was determined that the chicken lane was his going across the bridge driving about sixty miles per hour. ”
chickenlips etymology chicken + lips, from a stereotype of White people having small lips; a chicken has none.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (offensive, slang, AAVE) A white person
chicken liver {{rfv}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) A coward.
  2. Used other than as an idiom: chicken, liver
chicken out
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) To shy away from a daring task; to decline, refuse, or avoid something due to fear or uncertainty. We almost convinced his dad to ride the roller coaster, but he chickened out when he saw how high it went.
chicken scratch
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Chicken feed consisting of random mixed grains such as corn, wheat, barley, sorghum and milling by-products.
  2. (informal) Cramped or illegible handwriting.
  3. A type of cross-stitch embroidery done on gingham fabric.
Synonyms: (illegible handwriting) scrawl, (embroidery) Amish embroidery
chickenshit Alternative forms: chicken-shit, chicken shit
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) Petty and contemptible; contemptibly unimportant. (Compare bullshit.)
  2. (vulgar, slang) Cowardly. How chickenshit of that girl to just stand there and do nothing.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) Petty and contemptible thing(s). don't waste your time on that chickenshit
  2. (slang, vulgar) A coward. I told him I wasn't having his insults, and he just backed right down. What a chickenshit.
  3. (vulgar, military, slang) A low-ranking officer who lords over and needlessly makes life miserable for his underlings; a petty, abusive martinet. That chickenshit drove his men nearly to mutiny.
Synonyms: (coward) coward; (slang:) chicken, pussy, wuss, shithouse, (petty or contemptible thing) (mostly vulgar:) shit, crap, bullcrap, bullshit, junk, trash, dogshit, Irish bull, horseshit
chicken strips
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{head}}
  1. Chicken fingers, or chicken tenders. A style of batter-fried chicken without skin or bones.
  2. (slang, motorcycling, humorous) The band of unscuffed tire surface at the outer edges of the contact surface.
    • "The harder you lean into corners, the more of the tyre you use. This means that a biker who rides hard will have an evenly-worn tyre. A biker who rides gently will not use the outer edges of the rubber resulting in a phenomenon known as 'chicken strips'. These are very uncool and a beacon to those in the know that the rider is a novice."1
    • "At our first gas stop, I was thrilled to note that the "chicken strips," those bands of virgin rubber found on the edges of most Midwestern riders' rear tires, had been burned off the Yamaha's 17-inch Bridgestone Battalax BT-20s. In other words, I was hitting some serious (for me) lean angles."2
    • "Is your chain due for replacement? Are your tires so worn that only the chicken strips left on the sides remain? Replace them now."3
related terms: squid
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A cooked (usually breaded) wing of a chicken.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (volleyball, humorous) To Pass a hard-hit ball with the upper arm extended out from the body. This usually has the lower arm pulled in toward the body, and is reminiscent of a chicken's wings when trussed. Don't chicken-wing it!
chickeny etymology chicken + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling a chicken or its meat.
chick flick etymology From the English slang word chick, "girl", "woman", + English flick, "film", "movie", probably a derivation from "to flicker".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A film, usually about romance, which is popular with female and comparatively unpopular with males.
  • action adventure
Synonyms: date movie, tear jerker
chickfriend Alternative forms: chick-friend, chick friend
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a female friend.
This word is used to indicate that this female is simply a friend, and not a lover. It is sometimes used instead of girlfriend, as girlfriend usually suggests that the relationship is romantic.
chickie etymology From chick + ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, diminutive) A woman.
    • 1962 (2006), Joseph Commings, "The X Street Murders", The Mammoth Book of Perfect Crimes & Impossible Mysteries Fetch in the li’l chickie and we’ll see if I can’t make better time with her than you did.
chickification etymology chick + ification
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) girlification
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: girlification
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small or young chick
  2. (informal) A young woman
  3. (Internet) an RSS feed subscription button (sometimes spelled chiclet)
chick lit etymology From the English slang word chick, "girl", "woman", + lit as an abbreviation for the English word literature. pronunciation
  • /ˈt͡ʃɪk ˌlɪt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (often, pejorative) Literature perceived to appeal to, or be market at, young women, typically concerning romantic dilemma.
coordinate terms:
  • dick lit, manfiction
chicks before dicks
proverb: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar) A woman should prioritize her female friends over her boyfriend or husband.
    • 2012, Becci Fox, Confessions of an Essex Girl: A Smart, Sexy and Scandalously Funny Expose, Pan Books (2012), ISBN 9781447213024, unnumbered page: "I meant for us girls to have fun tonight. I didn't mean go{{SIC}} snogging blokes. Chicks before dicks, babe."
Synonyms: sisters before misters
  • {{seemoreCites}}
chicky pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish) chicken
  2. (childish) chick (young bird)
chiclet keyboard etymology From Chiclets (itself from chicle), a brand of chewing gum bearing some resemblance to the keys.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) Any of various early computer keyboard having an array of small, flat rectangular or lozenge-shaped rubber or plastic keys.
    • 1984, Popular Mechanics (volume 161, number 2, February 1984) At the best of times it's difficult to type on a chiclet keyboard.
    • 1985, Linda Gail Christie, The Simon and Schuster guide to computer peripherals The chiclet keyboard and single-line LED display do not permit rapid data entry and text editing...
    • 2002, Paul B Thurrott, Windows XP home networking ...clamshell-like devices with a tiny chiclet keyboard, a stylus for selecting and pointing, and a black-and-white Windows 95-like user interface.
chico etymology From Spanish
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (North America, informal) A Latin-American boy; a Latino.
  2. The fruit of the sapodilla, Manilkara zapota
  3. (American Southwest) sweet corn that has been cooked and dried on the cob (mostly plural)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (politics, informal) Chinese communist or Communist Party of China.
chief {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English, from Old French chief, from ll capum (from which also captain, chieftain), from Latin caput (English cap), from Proto-Indo-European *kauput- (English head). pronunciation
  • /tʃiːf/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{senseid}}A leader or head of a group of people, organisation, etc. {{defdate}}
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 4: My father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, was a chief by both blood and custom.
  2. (heraldiccharge) The top part of a shield or escutcheon. {{defdate}}
    • 1889, Charles Norton Elvin, A Dictionary of Heraldry: When the Chief is Charged with any figure, in blazon it is said to be "On a Chief".
  3. {{senseid}}A head officer in a department, organization etc.; a boss. {{defdate}} All firefighters report to the fire chief.
  4. An informal address to an equal. Hey, chief.
Synonyms: See also
related terms:
  • captain
  • chef
  • chieftain
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Primary; principal. Negligence was the chief cause of the disaster.
  • {{rank}}
  • fiche
chief cook and bottle washer Alternative forms: chief cook and bottle-washer, head cook and bottle washer, head cook and bottle-washer etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous, informal) Someone whose responsibilities include absolutely everything, from the highest level (chief cook) to the lowest (bottle washer)
chigger {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: chigga pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From chigoe
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A chigoe (Tunga penetrans), a kind of flea found in tropical climates.
  2. A harvest mite, a very small, red mite endemic to the Midwestern and Southeastern US, the infestation of which causes intense itching.
Synonyms: (mite) harvest mite
etymology 2 {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory, offensive) An East Asian person who behaves in ways similar to a stereotypical urban African American. {{rfquote-sense}}
chi-ike etymology {{rfe}}
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (costermongers' slang) Used as a salute or word of praise.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, obsolete) A hearty, often light-heartedly sarcastic, greeting.
    • 2006, Edwin James Milliken, Patricia Marks (editor), The ′Arry Ballads: An Annotated Collection of the Verse Letters by Punch Editor E.J. Milliken, page 95, I lifted my lamps and saw BILLY. We did a good chi-ike, you bet! “Watcher, BILLY, old buster!” says I,…
  2. (slang, obsolete, Australia, New Zealand) A noisy hubbub
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK) To mock or jeer; to chiack.
    • 1924, Neville Braybrooke (editor), Causeway, in, The Wind and the Rain, page 21, Uncle Frank wouldn′t have liked it, and I knew how the chaps would laugh and chi-ike me for chumming up with a silly old Chinky.
    • 1939, , This Is the Schoolroom, 2000, page 8, Round about us windows began to bang upwards; a policeman on the corner looked away, pretending not to hear; a couple of tarts started to chi-ike us and then shut up suddenly.
child's play {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: the [[play]] of a [[child]]
  2. (idiomatic) Something particularly simple or easy. Compared to my last job, this is child's play.
child-fucker Alternative forms: child fucker
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (literally, vulgar) One who engages in sex with a child, pedophile.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
  2. (strongly vulgar, offensive) An extremely contemptible person (as a term of abuse).
    • {{quote-book }}
related terms:
  • motherfucker, fatherfucker, brotherfucker, sisterfucker
childishly etymology childish + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In a childish manner.
childishness etymology childish + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The state or characteristic of being childish.
  2. (countable) Childish behaviour.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of childishness
chilified Alternative forms: chillified
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Spiced with chili.
    • 1993, Raymond Sokolov, Why We Eat What We Eat … tortillas are kept warm and moist in an electric warmer, and the customer selects the filling for his taco from a bracingly chilified selection that includes blood sausage, brains, the roasted bits of pork called camitas, and the stew of mixed meats called birria.
chilihead etymology chili + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Someone who enjoys eating chili pepper.
chill etymology Old English ċele, from Proto-Germanic *kaliz. pronunciation
  • /tʃɪl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A moderate, but uncomfortable and penetrating coldness.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleThere was a chill in the air.
  2. A sudden penetrating sense of cold, especially one that causes a brief trembling nerve response through the body; the trembling response itself; often associated with illness: fevers and chills, or susceptibility to illness. exampleClose the window or you'll catch a chill.&nbsp;&nbsp; I felt a chill when the wind picked up.
  3. An uncomfortable and numb sense of fear, dread, anxiety, or alarm, often one that is sudden and usually accompanied by a trembling nerve response resembling the body's response to biting cold. exampleDespite the heat, he felt a chill as he entered the crime scene.&nbsp;&nbsp; The actor's eerie portrayal sent chills through the audience.&nbsp;&nbsp; His menacing presence cast a chill over everyone.
  4. An iron mould or portion of a mould, serving to cool rapidly, and so to harden, the surface of molten iron brought in contact with it. {{rfquotek}}
  5. The hardened part of a casting, such as the tread of a carriage wheel. {{rfquotek}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Moderately cold or chilly. A chill wind was blowing down the street.
    • Milton Noisome winds, and blasting vapours chill.
  2. (slang) Calm, relaxed, easygoing. See also: chill out. I'm pretty chill most of the time. Paint-your-own ceramics studios are a chill way to express yourself while learning more about your date's right brain.
  3. (slang) "Cool"; meeting a certain hip standard or garnering the approval of a certain peer group. That new movie was chill, man.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To lower the temperature of something; to cool. Chill before serving.
  2. (transitive, metallurgy) To harden a metal surface by sudden cooling.
  3. (intransitive) To become cold. In the wind he chilled quickly.
  4. (intransitive, metallurgy) To become hard by rapid cooling.
  5. (intransitive, slang) To relax, lie back. Chill, man, we've got a whole week to do it; no sense in getting worked up. The new gym teacher really has to chill or he's gonna blow a gasket.
  6. (intransitive, slang) To "hang", hang out; to spend time with another person or group. Also chill out. Hey, we should chill this weekend.
  7. (intransitive, slang) To smoke marijuana. On Friday night do you wanna chill?
  8. (transitive) To discourage or depress. Censorship chills public discource.
chillax etymology {{blend}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}} /t͡ʃɪˈlæks/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To relax; to be laid back. Let's watch a movie with Maria and chillax tonight.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To calm down. Chillax dude, or they are going to know you are trip.
  3. (intransitive, slang) To behave. Oi, chillax sunshine, or there's gonna be trouble!
Synonyms: (relax) chill out, relax, unwind, (calm down) calm down, chill, cool it, (behave) be good, behave (oneself)
  • (relax) get worked up, stress oneself (out)
  • (calm down) get riled up
  • (behave) behave badly, misbehave
chilled out
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Relaxed; not stressed or tense.
verb: chilled out
  1. en-past of chill out
chill girl etymology chill + girl.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, Internet, usually pejorative) A woman who denies or dismisses sexism and/or misogyny.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-web }}
    • {{quote-web }}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  2. Used other than as an idiom: chill, girl
chillout Alternative forms: chill-out, chill out etymology From the verb chill out.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A period of quiet, rest and relaxation, especially after a party etc.
    • 2011, Chris Gibson, John Connell, Festival Places: Revitalising Rural Australia, page 70, ISBN 1845412095 The Gloucester Chamber of Commerce cancelled this year's SnowFest …. President Peter Markey says instead a 'chillout day' is being held at the end of the month.
chill out
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. alternative spelling of chillout
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) To relax or take time out; to calm down. Also chill. Since I'm between projects, I think I'll just chill out. I wish I could chill out about the neighbor's barking dog, but it wakes me up every night.
  2. (idiomatic, slang, somewhat dated) To hang out; spend time together with another person or group. Also chill. Hey we should chill out together this weekend.
related terms:
  • chillout
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) To relax, layback in a particular moment or hour.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To work hard in a short period of time. It's chilltime!
chimp pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) {{short for}} The chimps in the zoo were making a racket.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, often, pejorative) To review each image on a digital camera after it is taken.
  2. (informal, often, pejorative) To get very excited when showing images on a digital camera.
chimpiness etymology chimpy + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, nonstandard, informal) The quality or state of resembling a chimpanzee.
chimplike etymology chimp + like
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling a chimpanzee or some aspect of one.
Synonyms: chimpanzeelike
Chimpy etymology Comparing the former president's appearance or facial expressions with those of a chimpanzee.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A nickname for George W. Bush.
chin pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /tʃɪn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English chin, from Old English ċinn, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz (compare West Frisian/Dutch kin, Low German/German Kinn, Danish kind, Icelandic kinn), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenHw-, *ǵnā(w)- (compare Welsh gen, Latin gena, Tocharian A śanwem, Ancient Greek γένυς 〈génys〉 'jaw', Armenian ծնոտ 〈cnot〉, Persian چانه 〈cẖạnh〉, Sanskrit हनु 〈hanu〉).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The bottom of a face, especially, the lower jaw or the region below the mouth.
  2. (slang, US) talk.
  3. (slang, British) A falsehood.
  4. (boxing, uncountable) The ability to withstand being punched in the face without being knocked out.
Synonyms: mentum
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, intransitive) To talk.
  2. To perform a chin-up.
  3. (UK, transitive) To punch (someone)'s chin part of the body.
Synonyms: (talk (slang)) gab
etymology 2 Shortening of chinchilla.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (endearing) a chinchilla.
  • inch
China's Sorrow etymology So-called because of the devastating consequences when the Yellow River floods. Loess, or fine sand, blown into China, gathers on the bottom and causes the water level to rise. The people of this area were always building dikes in ancient times to contain the water.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The Yellow River.
Chinaman etymology From Chinese Pidgin English. A calque of Chinese 中國人 〈zhōng guó rén〉, China + man. pronunciation
  • /ˈtʃaɪnəmən/, /ˈtʃaɪnəmɪn/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, now, offensive) A man who is Chinese.
    • 1872, , , 2007, page 169, A disorderly Chinaman is rare, and a lazy one does not exist. So long as a Chinaman has strength to use his hands he needs no support from anybody; white men often complain of want of work, but a Chinaman offers no such complaint; he always manages to find something to do.…Any white man can swear a Chinaman’s life away in the courts, but no Chinaman can testify against a white man.
    • 1906, Hubert D. Russell (editor), Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror, 1906, 2003, page 251, Another favorite pastime of the Highbinder who is usually a loafer, is to levy blackmail on a wealthy Chinaman.…If it were not that the Chinamen kill only men of their own race and let alone all other men, the citizens of San Francisco would have sacked and burned Chinatown.
    • 1941, George Ade, Stories of the Streets and of the Town: From the Chicago Record 1893 - 1900, reprinted as 2003, Stories of Chicago, page 163, In Clark Street, where all the nations of the earth dwell together in harmony, one has but to go downstairs to find a Chinaman. And when found he is washing.
  • chainman
Chinaman's chance etymology Originally a reference to the socio-economic prospects of immigrant Chinese labour in the United States in the 19th century, which often involved highly dangerous work on the railroads
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, offensive) No chance; zero possibility; a high or almost certain risk of death or failure.
    • 2005, , "Anna May Wong Did It Right," Time, 29 Jan., The Chinese, who in the mid-19th century had come to America by the tens of thousands and helped build the transcontinental railway, were on the receiving end of much prejudicial legislation. . . . In the slang wisdom of the day, sojourners from the Middle Kingdom "didn't stand a Chinaman's chance."
China White
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) α-Methylfentanyl, a recreational drug related to heroin.
chin-chin Alternative forms: chinchin, chin chin etymology Possibly related to Mandarin 请请 〈qǐng qǐng〉
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal, archaic) An expression of gratitude, salutation, or congratulation.
    • 1253: William of Rubruck, Itinerarium — One day there sate by me a certain priest of Cathay, dressed in a red cloth of exquisite colour, and when I asked him whence they got such a dye, he told me how in the eastern parts of Cathay there were lofty cliffs on which dwelt certain creatures in all things partaking of human form, except that their knees did not bend. . . . The huntsmen go thither, taking very strong beer with them, and make holes in the rocks which they fill with this beer. . . . Then they hide themselves and these creatures come out of their holes and taste the liquor, and call out 'Chin Chin.'
    • 1795: Michael Symes, An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava — The two junior members of the Chinese deputation came at the appointed hour. . . . On entering the door of the marquee they both made an abrupt stop, and resisted all solicitation to advance to chairs that had been prepared for them, until I should first be seated; in this dilemma, Dr. Buchanan, who had visited China, advised me what was to be done; I immediately seized on the foremost, whilst the Doctor himself grappled with the second; thus we soon fixed them in their seats, both parties during the struggle, repeating Chin Chin, Chin Chin, the Chinese term of salutation.
    • 1829: William C. Hunter, The Fankwae at Canton — One of the Chinese servants came to me and said, 'Mr. Talbot chinchin you come down.'
Chinee etymology Backformation from Chinese
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, offensive, Chinese Pidgin English) A person from China
  • Now considered merely an illiterate alternative to Chinese, this was a pejorative term in the United States in the 19th century.
  • Appeared in Robert A. Heinlein's science-fiction novel The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress (1966). The heavily multi-ethnic Moon/Luna settlers ("Loonies") made frequent use of it, apparently as a simple corruption of "Chinese" since no derogatory intent was clear. Transition from pejorative to neutral vernacular is also possible.
related terms:
  • Portugee
Chinese {{interwiktionary}} {{interwiktionary}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˌtʃaɪˈniːz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From China + ese.
proper noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-proper noun}}
  1. Any of several Sinitic languages spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu{{,}} or Min Nan.
  2. The class of Sino-Tibetan dialect including Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min Nan and others.
  3. The logographic writing system shared by this language family. Hong Kong uses traditional Chinese.
  4. Mandarin: the official language of the People's Republic of China
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The people of China. The Chinese have an incredible history.
  2. (uncountable) All people of Chinese descent or self-identity The Chinese are present in all parts of the world.
  3. (countable) A person from China or of Chinese descent. The place was empty till two Chinese walked in.
  4. Chinese food or meal.
    1. (British, countable, informal) A Chinese meal. We're going out tonight for a Chinese.
    2. (North America, uncountable, informal) Chinese food. Please don't eat the Chinese ... I'm saving it for later.
As with all nouns formed from -ese, the countable singular form ("I am a Chinese") is uncommon and often taken as incorrect, although it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonyms written 中国人 in Chinese characters or Japanese kanji. Synonyms: (person born in China) Chinaman (of a man only; now considered offensive), Chinee (archaic, informal), chink (person or people who comes from China or its descent; ethnic slur; derogatory)
related terms:
  • China
  • Chinean, Chinian
  • Chinish
  • Sineish, Sinish
  • chinesery
  • Chinesian
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of China, its languages or people
    • 1928, Otto Jespersen, An International Language, page 82 The construction of a verbal system which is fairly regular and at the same time based on existing languages is a most difficult task, because in no other domain of the grammar do languages retain a greater number of ancient irregularities and differ more fundamentally from one another. Still an attempt will be made here to conciliate the two points of view and to bring about something which resembles the simple Chinese grammar without, however, losing its European character or the power of expressing nuances to which we are accustomed in our own languages.
  2. Exotic; unfamiliar; unexpected; used in phrases such as Chinese whispers, Chinese handcuffs, and Chinese checkers.
Synonyms: (of China, its language or people) Sinic, Sino- (prefix)
Chinese character
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. Any character used in the written form of several languages of China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam
  2. A species of moth, Cilix glaucata.
Synonyms: Han character, CJK character, CJKV character, Hanzi, sinogram, moonrunes (slang)
Chinese compliment
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) A pretense of deference; a veiled or subtle insult.
Chinese fire drill {{wikipedia}} etymology Perhaps from the WWI era, from the British practice of using Chinese as a slur; now used only as a festive exclamation.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A prank performed while stopped in a car at a red light; each passenger (including the driver) shouts "Chinese fire drill", exits the vehicle, runs at least once around it, then re-enters, taking a different seat.
  2. (derogatory) A silly, pointless exercise.
  • Although this term seems to have lost all traces of an insulting meaning, it is possible some might be offended.
Chinese home run etymology Either from supposed tendency of early 20th-century Chinese immigrants to the United States to do minimally acceptable work for minimal compensation, or a possible corruption of "Chaney's home run" from such a hit by a batter with that name that ended a game when the ball could not be found.
noun: {{en-noun}} (US, baseball, slang)
  1. (pejorative, dated) A home run hit to the minimum distance possible, usually just over the outfield fence closest to home plate.
    • 2011, Paul Dickson, The Dickson Baseball Dictionary W.W. Norton & Co., pages 182–184
    • Chinese home run: 1. A derogatory term for a home run hit over the portion of the outfield fence closest to home plate, often one that lands just inside (or hits) the foul pole in a ballpark with small dimensions.
  2. (US, New England) A foul ball hit high and far, usually over the back of the plate.
    • 1985, , "" in , Putnam, page 163
    • Hal was too small to play, but he sat far out in foul territory, sucking on his blueberry Popsicle and chasing what the big kids called "Chinese home runs." (Cited at Dickson, above. He further quotes correspondence from King that indicates that his understanding of this term was that it applied to a foul ball over the backstop)
Chinese medicine
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) traditional Chinese medicine
Chinese puzzle etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) A senseless situation.
ching pronunciation
  • /ˈtʃɪŋ/
  • (US) /ˈtʃiːŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Thai ฉิ่ง 〈c̄hìng〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A pair of small bowl-shaped finger cymbal made of thick and heavy bronze.
etymology 2 Onomatopeic.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Used to represent the sound of metal or glass clinking.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) A ringing sound, as of metal or glass being struck.
    • 1992, Paul McCusker, The Secret Cave of Robinwood, Focus on the Family Publishing (1992), ISBN 9781561791026, page 40: The hoe banged against a spade on the wall, making a loud "ching!"
    • 2004, Jacquie D'Alessandro, We've Got Tonight, Harlequin (2004), ISBN 9781459213562, unnumbered page: "To predictions coming true," Riley agreed, touching her rim to his with a quiet ching of crystal.
    • 2008, Greg Weston, Ocean View Terrace and the Blue Pirate Eater, Lulu (2008), ISBN 9781409202783, page 196: Joseph gulped and drew his sword with a loud ching.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  2. (uncountable, slang) Money (from the sound of a cash register ringing up an amount).
    • 2005, Paul Lindsay, The Big Scam, Simon & Schuster (2005), ISBN 0743274660, page 100: "Supposedly, it was worth millions back then, so it could be worth maybe ten times as much now." Tatorrio whistled. "That's a lot of ching."
    • 2006, Neville Basson, "The Golden Hour", New Era, 7 April 2006: If there are any people owing you money, it's a good time to drive to their houses and look for your "ching".
    • 2012, , "", : Jimmy, Jimmy, Jimmy / Hold onto your ching
    • 2012, Erik Biksa, "Ask Erik: Raw! — Shopping Savvy", Rosebud, 18 July 2012: If you know how to play your cards when buying, you can definitely save some ching here, especially on bigger ops.
Synonyms: (money) See also .
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To chink or clink; to make a ringing sound, as of metal or glass being struck. The cutlery was chinging as the boat swayed around on the sea.
    • 2004, David J. Morris, Storm on the Horizon: Khafji — The Battle that Changed the Course of the Gulf War, Free Press (2004), ISBN 9780743235570, unnumbered page: These shadows, black as the earth they emerged from, were wearing what looked like dull German helmets, their webgear and canteens chinging as they ran.
    • 2004, Devlin O'Neill, A Maid's Friends and Fantasies: Short Stories, Blue Moon Books (2005), ISBN 9781562014735, page 4: Crystal chings and we sip.
    • 2009, Dean Nelson, God Hides in Plain Sight: How to See the Sacred in a Chaotic World, Brazos Press (2009), ISBN 9781587432330, page 146: One of the braves had an ankle bell that chinged when he walked.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
etymology 3 Unknown.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland, slang) Cocaine.
    • 2002, Irvine Welsh, Porno, Random House (2002), ISBN 022406181X, unnumbered page: I'll leave the message, but Simon's very much a free spirit, I state to the receiver as I use a fifty-pound note to hoover up some ching.
    • 2006, Niall Griffiths, Wreckage, Graywolf Press (2006), ISBN 9781555974411, page 70: Then back again to merely scoring some ching and getting fucking wasted.
    • 2011, David Taylor, "Revealed: Sick prison boasts of woman who stabbed young mum to death in revenge attack", Daily Record (Scotland), 30 June 2011: She said: "We were all drinking and snorting ching (cocaine). …
Synonyms: See also .
  • ginch
chingadera etymology Mexican Spanish. {{rfc}} Noun cognate of the Spanish verb "chingar", which originally meant "to split lengthwise". In current usage, chingadera refers to anything for which the speaker has momentarily forgotten the word, especially things of little value or broken. Chingar may still refer poetically to splitting things lengthwise, though most Spanish speakers are now unaware of this archaic sense. Thus: "una chingadera de leñas" means either a small pile of firewood, or some quanitity of split firewood, such as a cord.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, vulgar, Spanglish) used as a replacement for an item or object if its name is not known or forgotten
    • 2003, Richard Yañez, El Paso del Norte: Stories on the Border, University of Nevada Press, page 27: “The chingadera was heavy. …”
    • 2008, Margo Candela, More Than This: A Novel, Simon and Schuster, page 187: “What is this chingadera, Son?”
    • 2009, B. C. Legans, Cerro, iUniverse, page 237: “Back in the old days they used any kind of chingadera to make a whatever. …”
    Hey, get me that pinche chingadera from the counter.
ching chong
interjection: {{en-interj}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (offensive, ethnic slur) Mimicking Chinese speech.
    • 1952, John Steinbeck, East of Eden “Hey there, Ching Chong, bring the pistol.” In a moment Lee poked the gun butt-first through the door.
    • 2008, Alice Pung, Growing Up Asian in Australia (page 91) He came up with three or four kids behind him, chanting 'Ching chong! Ching chong! Don't even know how to talk! Don't even know how to fight!'
    • 2009, Kent A. Ono, Vincent N. Pham, Asian Americans and the media (page 104) For example, comedian and talk-show host Adam Corolla and NBA superstar Shaquille O'Neal have each previously made ching chong comments in reference to Asians and Asian Americans.
Chink {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: chink etymology Alteration of Chinese
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, offensive, ethnic slur) Refers to a Chinese or a person of Chinese ethnicity.
    • 1919, , , Then her eyes, always alert for the affairs of her kitchen, fell on some action of the Chinese cook which aroused her violent disapproval. She turned on him with a torrent of abuse. The Chink was not backward to defend himself, and a very lively quarrel ensued.
Synonyms: (Chinese person (offensive)) Chinaman, gook
chink pronunciation
  • (UK) /tʃɪŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Of uncertain origin; but apparently an extension (with formative -k) of Middle English chine, from Old English ċine, equivalent to chine + k.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A narrow opening such as a fissure or crack.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4 Yet I did not give way, but settled to wait for the dawn, which must, I knew, be now at hand; for then I thought enough light would come through the chinks of the tomb above to show me how to set to work.
    • {{rfdate}} Macaulay Through one cloudless chink, in a black, stormy sky, / Shines out the dewy morning star.
  2. A chip or dent (in something metallic).
  3. (figuatively) A vulnerability or flaw in a protection system or in any otherwise formidable system.
    • The warrior saw a chink in her enemy's armor, and aimed her spear accordingly.
    • The chink in the theory is that the invaders have superior muskets.
    • {{quote-news }}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To fill an opening such as the space between logs in a log house with chinking; to caulk. to chink a wall
  2. (intransitive) To crack; to open.
  3. (transitive) To cause to open in cracks or fissures.
etymology 2 Onomatopoeic.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A slight sound as of metal objects touching each other.
  2. (colloquial, now rare) Ready money, especially in the form of coins.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of, Nebraska 1987, pp. 47-8: I thought that if all the hills about there were pure chink, and all belonged to me, I would give them if I could just talk to her when I wanted to …
    • Somerville to leave his chink to better hands
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To make a slight sound like that of metal objects touching. The coins were chinking in his pocket.
  2. (transitive) To cause to make a sharp metallic sound, as coins, small pieces of metal, etc., by bringing them into collision with each other. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 3
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. alternative form of Chink
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Full of chink, laden with small cracks or openings.
  2. (derogatory, offensive) Full of Chinese people.
  3. (derogatory, offensive) Possessing attributes of, or similar to, a chink or Chinese person, style, or culture.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, possibly offensive) A Chinese takeaway restaurant.
  2. (British, slang, possibly offensive) A meal of Chinese food. Let's get a chinky!
  3. (offensive) A Chinese person.
Synonyms: chink
chinless wonder etymology The term is derived from the characteristic recessive chin of some aristocrats, popularly thought to be caused by inbreeding and associated with limited intelligence,"chinless", ''Bloomsbury Dictionary of Idioms'', 2009 and from the idea of a robust chin being an indication of masculinity. The use of 'wonder' is ironic.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, derogatory) An ineffectual upper-class male, typically dim-witted and with a weak or indecisive character, frequently one who gained his position via nepotism or other social connections. {{quote-journal }} {{quote-journal }} {{quote-journal }}
The 'wonder' part of the term may be replaced with an offensive word to greaten the insult. Synonyms: upper-class twit
chin music
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball, informal) A fastball thrown near the batter's chin, often to set up a subsequent pitch thrown low and outside. Jones backed Smith off the plate with a little chin music.
chinny etymology From chin + y.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having a prominent chin
  2. (boxing) Having a sensitive chin
  3. (colloquial) Given to talk, talkative
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{rfdef}}
chin omelette Alternative forms: chin omelet
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) The result of a man ejaculating on another person's chin
chinwag Alternative forms: chin wag, chin-wag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal)  An informal conversation, usually about everyday matters; a chat, a gossip.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (British, informal) To chat, gossip. I saw the pair of them chinwagging by the water-cooler
  • chawing
noun: {{head}}
  1. (British, informal) plural of chinwag
chip {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /tʃɪp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English chip from Old English ċipp, from Proto-Germanic *kip(p)az. Akin to osx kip, Old High German kipfa, chipfa, Old Norse keppr. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian cifël.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small piece broken from a larger piece of solid material.
  2. A damage area of a surface where a small piece has been broken off. This cup has a chip in it.
  3. (games, gambling) A token used in place of cash.
    • 2002, Albert H. Moorehead, Hoyle′s Rules of Games, [http//|%22chips%22+-intitle:%22chip|chips%22+-inauthor:%22chip|chips%22&dq=%22chip%22|%22chips%22+-intitle:%22chip|chips%22+-inauthor:%22chip|chips%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OIIkT_OCH6yQiQej7YXkBA&redir_esc=y page 46], If the second player does raise three chips, and all the other players drop, the player who opened may stay in by putting three more chips in the pot, for then he will have put in precisely as many chips as the second player.
  4. (electronics) A circuit fabricated in one piece on a small, thin substrate.
    • 1986 September 1, Tom Moran, Lisa L. Spiegelman, New Chip Said to Contain Seven PC AT Chip Functions, , [http//|%22chips%22+-intitle:%22chip|chips%22+-inauthor:%22chip|chips%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=lGgkT_7CIaOYiAfxqNyBCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chip%22|%22chips%22%20-intitle%3A%22chip|chips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22chip|chips%22&f=false page 5], But sources close to the company said the chip contains two direct memory access controllers, two interrupt controllers, a timer, a memory mapper from Texas Instruments, and a Motorola Inc. real-time clock.
  5. (electronics) A hybrid device mounted in a substrate, containing electronic circuitry and miniaturised mechanical, chemical and/or biochemical devices.
    • 2002, Koji Ikuta, Atsushi Takahashi, Kota Ikeda, Shoji Maruo, User-Assembly Fully Integrated Micro Chemical Laboratory Using Biochemical IC Chips for Wearable/Implantable Applications, Yoshinobu Baba, Shuichi Shoji, Albert van den Berg (editors), Micro Total Analysis Systems 2002: Proceedings of the μTAS 2002 Symposium, Volume 1, [http//|%22chips%22+-intitle:%22chip|chips%22+-inauthor:%22chip|chips%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=lGgkT_7CIaOYiAfxqNyBCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chip%22|%22chips%22%20-intitle%3A%22chip|chips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22chip|chips%22&f=false page 38], Fig. 4(a) shows a schematic design of the micropump chip.
    • 2007, Elisabeth S. Papazoglou, Aravind Parthasarathy, Bionanotechnology, [http//|%22chips%22+-intitle:%22chip|chips%22+-inauthor:%22chip|chips%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LX0kT7vzIMWgiQfFvMHQBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chip%22|%22chips%22%20-intitle%3A%22chip|chips%22%20-inauthor%3A%22chip|chips%22&f=false page 6], Fig. 0.3 is an image of the front and back views of a drug delivery microchip made of silicon and painted with gold, with a U.S. dime (10 cents). The chip in the picture consists of 34 nano-sized wells each of which is capable of housing 24 nl (nano liters) of drug. It is possible to make at least 400 wells or even 1000 or more in these chips which are very inexpensive, costing less tham $20 [22, 23].
  6. (UK, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand) A fried strip of potato of square or rectangular cross-section; a french fry. Do you want sauce or mayonnaise on your chips?
  7. (US, Australia and New Zealand) A crisp, fried, thin slice of vegetable, usually potato. potato chip, tortilla chip
  8. (sports) A shot during which the ball travels more predominantly upwards than in a regular shot, as to clear an obstacle.
    • {{quote-news }}
  9. (curling) A takeout that hits a rock at an angle.
  10. A dried piece of dung used as fuel.
  11. (New Zealand, northern) A receptacle, usually for strawberries or other fruit.
  12. (gastronomy) A small, near-conical piece of food added in baking. chocolate chip
  13. A small rectangle of colour printed on coated paper for colour selection and matching. A virtual equivalent in software applications.
  14. (nautical) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line.
  15. (historical) Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets.
  16. (archaic, derogatory) Anything dried up, withered, or without flavour.
  17. (golf) A low shot that travels further along the ground than it does in the air.
Synonyms: (small piece broken off) flake, (circuit) IC, integrated circuit, microchip, silicon chip, (baked piece of vegetable) crisp (UK), (fried strip of potato) fry (mainly US), French fries (mainly US), freedom fry (US), (a receptacle for strawberries) punnet (British), (a receptacle for strawberries) pottle (New Zealand)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To break into small pieces. The workers chipped the dead branches into mulch.
    • {{quote-news}}
  2. (transitive) To break small pieces from. Be careful not to chip the paint.
  3. (transitive, golf, sports) To play a shot hitting the ball predominately upwards rather than forwards.
    • 2014, , "Southampton hammer eight past hapless Sunderland in barmy encounter", The Guardian, 18 October 2014: Koeman identified Southampton’s third as their finest goal of the game. Jack Cork, the most underrated player at a much-lauded club, swept the ball out wide to Tadic, who waited for Cork to run to the back post before chipping the ball across to him to slam in a deserved goal from close range, despite an attempted block by Vito Mannone.
  4. (transitive, automotive) to upgrade an engine management system, usually to increase power.
  5. (intransitive) To become chipped. This varnish chips easily.
  6. (intransitive, card games, often with "in") To ante (up).
  7. (transitive, informal) To fit (an animal) with a microchip.
  8. (UK, transitive, often with "in") to contribute. Everyone needs to chip in £1 for George's leaving collection
chiphead etymology chip + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A microchip expert.
    • 1995, InfoWorld (volume 17, number 11, 13 March 1995, page 36) For all you chipheads, we use 0.5 micron process technology for our 486 devices.
    • 1999, Helen Vandevelde, Harnessing Technology for Career Success (page 1) Although [this book] focuses on technology, it's not an assault course for geeks. For one thing the spine's not wide enough for a chiphead manual.
    • 2001, Maximum PC (volume 6, number 1, January 2001) That was the buzz at the latest Microprocessor Forum, an annual gathering of chipheads in Silicon Valley.
  2. (slang) A person strongly interested in or knowledgeable about computer hardware.
chip in
verb: {{head}}
  1. (intransitive, idiomatic) To make a contribution; help in a small way; especially, to pay for a part of something. If we all chip in, we can afford to buy a pizza for lunch.
  2. (intransitive, idiomatic, British, informal) To interrupt a discussion for the purpose of making a comment.
  3. (transitive, idiomatic) To contribute He chipped in twenty for the retirement gift.
  4. (intransitive, golf) To put a chip shot in the hole. He chipped in from 20 yards for a birdie.
  5. (intransitive, cards) To put into the pot the amount of chips or money required to continue. He seemed to hesitate when he chipped in.
chipper {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Exhibiting a lively optimism; in high spirits, cheerful.
    • {{quote-news }}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, Ireland, slang) A fish and chips shop, or more generally a cheap fast food outlet, typically selling chips and other deep-fried foods.
  2. (slang) A deep frier.
  3. (US) A machine that reduces organic matter to compost; depending on size, whole tree trunks are reduced to sawdust; a woodchipper.
  4. (US) (smoking) An occasional tobacco user, or more generally drug user.
  5. A machine that chips potatoes ready to be fried and made into chips.
  6. Someone who chip (e.g. wood)
  7. A sportsman who chip the ball.
Synonyms: (cheap food store) greasy spoon, hole in the wall
etymology 2 Compare cheep, chirp.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, dialect) To chirp or chirrup. {{rfquotek}}
chippy Alternative forms: chippie etymology From chip + y.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British) A fish-and-chip shop.
    • 2008, Patrick Naughton, Whistle Wood, Land of the Fathers, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=y9kkT7eOJ6SpiAePxNH0BA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 33], Huge queues form outside the Chippy, often stretching back to the Coop and beyond.
    • 2009, John Wise, Sweet Dreams, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YeIkT7OoK6aUiQew17niBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 308], Albert was flabbergasted. Yer really buyin′ a chippy?” Tom smiled whilst nodding his head. “That′s me plan.”
  2. (British, Australia, New Zealand, slang) A carpenter.
  3. (Australia, slang) The youngest member of a team or group, normally someone whose voice has not yet deepened, talking like a chipmunk.
  4. (New Zealand) A potato chip.
  5. (US, slang) A prostitute or promiscuous woman.
    • 2004, William Lashner, Fatal Flaw, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J-okT9WQGumYiAea6ojwBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 280], I give the pictures of the wife and the lawn boy to the husband. I give the pictures of the husband and the chippy to the wife.
    • 2008, Nicholas L. Syrett, The Company He Keeps: A History of White College Fraternities, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n-8kT7u_DcuziQfh0NHrBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 176], Canby hints that, even with chippies, sexual intercourse was rare; even putting aside his complete lack of regard for the chippy as an actual human being, however, this passage makes clear that whatever did occur with these chippies may not have been as consensual as he presumed.72
  6. (demoscene, informal) A chiptune.
  7. (US) A chipping sparrow.
    • 1902, Henry Harrison Metcalf, John Norris McClintock, The Granite Monthly: A New Hampshire magazine devoted to history, biography, literature, and state progress, Volume 32, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=oOAkT-b5COGhiAeCg9j2BA&redir_esc=y page 385], In due time a nest-full of little chippies appear to be nourished with insectiverous{{sic}} food from a parental beak until fledged and able to look after themselves.
    • 1908, Alice Lounsberry, The Garden Book for Young People, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=YeIkT7OoK6aUiQew17niBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 139], Surely no young chippy was ever so stout and so emphatic as this bird. The funny part of it all is that the starling appears to make the chippies do whatever it pleases.
    • 1939, Anna Botsford Comstock, Handbook of Nature Study, [http//|%22chippies%22+-intitle:%22chippy%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-dokT_raGsqViAeO_YnNDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22chippy%22|%22chippies%22%20-intitle%3A%22chippy%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 88], How early in the season does the chippy appear and where does it spend the winter?
Synonyms: (fish-and-chips shop) chipper
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Canada, UK) Ill-tempered, disagreeable.
  2. (Canada, sports) Involving violence or unfair play.
    • 2007, Canadian Interuniversity Sport,, The University of Lethbridge Pronghorns and University of Saskatchewan Huskies battled to a 1-1 draw in a chippy Canada West men’s soccer affair that saw the teams combine for 33 fouls and five yellow cards.
  3. (of wood) Tending to form chip when cut, rather than larger, more usable pieces of wood.
related terms:
  • chippily
chips with everything Alternative forms: chips-with-everything
noun: {{head}}
  1. (UK, used attributively, usually, derogatory) A basic restaurant menu, without much planning or style.
    • 1997, May, The Rotarian, vol. 170, No. 5, Page 24 It was one of the first to lead the charge to wean Glaswegians away from their "chips-with-everything" habit.
    • 2007, Andy Symington, Footprint Andalucía, page 253. Mijas village has some excellent restaurants in among the 'chips with everything' establishments catering for the day trippers.
    • 2008, Heidi McAlpin, Belfast In Your Pocket. For almost a century, Long's has been serving misers, minions and millionaires its classic chips with everything fast food ....
    • 2009, Hattie Ellis, "Are you being served?", The Times [London], 22 April 2009, section T2, pp. 2-3: In the post-chips-with-everything world, here is a selection of what various companies have on the menu ....
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, especially as chirk up) To become happier.
  2. (transitive, especially as chirk up) To make happier.
    • 1912, Zona Gale, Christmas, , , , “But--" "Well, I think," said Mis' Jane Moran, "that we've hit on the only way we could have hit on to chirk each other up over a hard time." ”
  3. To make the sound of a bird; to chirp.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, US, chiefly, New England) lively; cheerful; in good spirits
  • The comparative and superlative forms of chirky, chirkier and chirkiest, are sometimes used suppletively as comparative and superlative forms of chirk.
chiro etymology Shortening of chiropractor, chiropractic.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, countable) A chiropractor.
  2. (informal, uncountable) Chiropractic.
  • choir
  • ichor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any of the non-biting midges or Chironomidae, a family of true flies within the order Diptera.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    Fossil chironomids have proven useful as indicators of climatic change.

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