The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


noun: {{head}}
  1. a standalone machine that combines an electrical generator with an engine
England {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English Engeland, Englelond, from Old English Englaland, from genitive of Engle + land. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɪŋɡlənd/
  • {{audio}}
  • (GenAm) /ˈɪŋɡlɪ̈nd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. The region of the island of Great Britain which is to the east of Wales and the south of Scotland; one of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom.
  2. {{surname}}
  3. (non-standard, sometimes, offensive) The United Kingdom.
  • Outside the UK, and even sometimes in England itself (especially historically; less often now), the term England often refers to the UK as a whole. This use is sometimes considered offensive, especially by residents of the other constituent countries of the UK.
related terms: {{rel3}}
  • {{rank}}
English vice etymology {{rfe}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Hypocrisy.
    • 1965, K. J. Fielding, Charles Dickens: A Critical Introduction, Houghton Mifflin, page 96, If hypocrisy was the English vice, as the French critic Taine declared, then it had soon become naturalized in the United States.
  2. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Vacuous, base, and tedious moralism.
    • 1886, , , , №228 No new thought, nothing of the nature of a finer turning or better expression of an old thought, not even a proper history of what has been previously thought on the subject: an IMPOSSIBLE literature, taking it all in all, unless one knows how to leaven it with some mischief. In effect, the old English vice called CANT, which is MORAL TARTUFFISM, has insinuated itself also into these moralists (whom one must certainly read with an eye to their motives if one MUST read them), concealed this time under the new form of the scientific spirit; moreover, there is not absent from them a secret struggle with the pangs of conscience, from which a race of former Puritans must naturally suffer, in all their scientific tinkering with morals.
  3. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Snobbishness; sentimental royalism; idealistic love of class and aristocracy.
    • 1908, , , (additional link: ) If the Frenchman saw our aristocracy and liked it, if he saw our snobbishness and liked it, if he set himself to imitate it, we all know what we should feel. We all know that we should feel that that particular Frenchman was a repulsive little gnat. He would be imitating English aristocracy; he would be imitating the English vice. But he would not even understand the vice he plagiarised: especially he would not understand that the vice is partly a virtue.
    • 1909, , , , ¶8 There enters into such things a great national sin, a far greater sin than drink—the habit of respecting a gentleman. Snobbishness has, like drink, a kind of grand poetry. And snobbishness has this peculiar and devilish quality of evil, that it is rampant among very kindly people, with open hearts and houses. But it is our great English vice; to be watched more fiercely than small-pox. If a man wished to hear the worst and wickedest thing in England summed up in casual English words, he would not find it in any foul oaths or ribald quarrelling. He would find it in the fact that the best kind of working man, when he wishes to praise any one, calls him “a gentleman”. It never occurs to him that he might as well call him “a marquis”, or “a privy councillor”—that he is simply naming a rank or class, not a phrase for a good man.
  4. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) A pathological casual manner and complacency in the face of corruption.
    • 1908, , , , ¶6 Everything in England is done unofficially, casually, by conversations and cliques. The one Parliament that really does rule England is a secret Parliament; the debates of which must not be published—the Cabinet. The debates of the Commons are sometimes important; but only the debates in the Lobby, never the debates in the House. Journalists do control public opinion; but it is not controlled by the arguments they publish—it is controlled by the arguments between the editor and sub-editor, which they do not publish. This casualness is our English vice. It is at once casual and secret. Our public life is conducted privately. Hence it follows that if an English swindler wished to impress us, the last thing he would think of doing would be to put on a uniform.
  5. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Sadomasochistic sexual practice.
    • 1978, Ian Gibson, The English Vice: Beating, Sex, and Shame in Victorian England and After, Duckworth, ISBN 9780715612644, title.
    • 1995, Patricia J. Anderson, When Passion Reigned: Sex and the Victorians, BasicBooks, page header, ISBN 9780465089918, page 96, The English Vice In English pornography countless scenes of flagellation metaphorically whipped devotees to a fever pitch of arousal.
  6. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) The practice of indulging in an extramarital affair that resembles a second household.
    • 1991, Frank Harris and John F. Gallagher, My Life and Loves, Grove Press, pages 815–816, People talked in the play of the “English vice” till at length the protagonist, Mr. Daventry, turns round and asks: “Is there such a thing, Lady Hillington, as an English vice?” “Oh,” retorted the clever woman, “I thought every one knew that, Mr. Daventry; the English vice is adultery with home comforts.”
  7. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Homosexuality.
    • 1990, François Crouzet, Britain Ascendant, Cambridge University Press, page 479, […] prostitution was openly paraded in the streets, there was shamelessness later in public parks, and there was the ‘English vice’ – i.e. homosexuality (the French, a little irked at being considered immoral by their neighbours, have periodically been delighted to discover a few tears in the mantle of British virtue).60
  8. (may be offensive and/or derogatory) Oppression of a country’s poor.
    • 1991, Geoffrey Rudolph Elton, Return to Essentials, Cambridge University Press, page 111, Encomia on a tolerant and kindly society (remember the unarmed policemen?) has to confront believers in the special depravity of a people of hypocrites, uniquely devoted to what was then called the English vice, whether this meant sexual aberration or oppression of the poor. Only in England, said the one side, was political freedom fully established; only in England, replied the other, was economic freedom systematically suppressed.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of engrail
  • aligners, inlarges, lasering, realigns, resignal, sanglier, seal ring, signaler, slangier
Engrish {{wikipedia}} etymology From the mispronunciation of the word "English" common to Japanese speakers who have difficulty distinguishing "L" and "R" sounds. The Japanese transliteration of English - イングリッシュ 〈ingurisshu〉 is often used for teaching purposes. In that word /ɽ/ sound (romanised as "r") is pronounced instead of the English /l/.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (sometimes, pejorative) Ungrammatical, unorthographical or nonsensical English, especially that which is found in East Asia, notably in Japan.
Synonyms: Japlish, Janglish, Nihonglish
  • Considered by some to be pejorative or even racist. Others use Engrish with great affection and appreciation.
engross etymology From Middle English engrossen, from xno engrosser; partly from the phrase , from en- + gros; and partly from Malayalam ingrossō, from in- + grossus, from Old High German grōz, from Proto-Germanic *grautaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrewə-. More at in-, gross. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɛnˈɡrəʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡrəʊs/
  • (US) /ɛnˈɡroʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡroʊs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. {{senseid}}(transitive, now legal) To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
    • Nathaniel Hawthorne some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials
    • De Quincey laws that may be engrossed on a finger nail
  2. (transitive, business, obsolete) To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
  3. (transitive) To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica: After which time the Popes of Rome, engrossing what they pleas'd of Politicall rule into their owne hands, extended their dominion over mens eyes, as they had before over their judgements, burning and prohibiting to be read, what they fancied not …
    • 2007, John Burrow, A History of Histories, Penguin 2009, pp. 125-6: Octavian then engrosses for himself proconsular powers for ten years in all the provinces where more than one legion was stationed, giving him effective control of the army.
  4. (transitive) To completely engage the attention of. She seems to be completely engrossed in that book.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To thicken; to condense.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4: As, when a foggy mist hath overcast / The face of heven, and the cleare ayre engroste, / The world in darkenes dwels …
  6. To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
    • Spenser waves … engrossed with mud
    • Shakespeare not sleeping, to engross his idle body
  7. (obsolete) To amass.
    • Shakespeare to engross up glorious deeds on my behalf
Synonyms: (to buy up the whole supply of) corner the market
related terms:
  • gross
coordinate terms:
  • (to write out in large characters) longhand
ENOTUITS etymology Mimics the form of C error codes: for example, on Linux, a program may return the error code ENOMEM to indicate that it has run out of memory. TUITS comes from round tuit.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (computing, humorous) An error code indicating that a person has run out of round tuits (i.e. they don't have any time to spare on the task being discussed).
    • 2010 January 29, "David E. Wheeler" (username), "[HACKERS] Review: listagg aggregate", in pgsql.hackers, Mailing list: ENOTUITS! /me is already sorely over-committed…
enough to choke a horse
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) An excessive quantity. You didn't have to buy enough wrapping paper to choke a horse, just because it was on sale.
    • 1999, Tom Waits, "What's He Building?" from : There's poison underneath the sink, of course. There's also enough formaldehyde to choke a horse.
enrage etymology Old French enrager, enragier, corresponding to en- + rage + -er (verbal suffix).
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To fill with rage; to provoke to frenzy or madness; to make furious.
Synonyms: See also
  • anegre
  • genera
en route etymology Borrowing from French en route, from en + route pronunciation
  • /ɒn ɹu(ː)t/, /ɑ(ː)n ɹu(ː)t/, /ɛn ɹu(ː)t/,
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. On the way. The shipment is en route to the buyer.
  2. Along the way. The mall is en route to grandpa’s house.
ensmallen etymology small + en- -en, by analogy with embiggen. Attested from 2002. Logical antonym of "embiggen," a humorous neologism coin by television writer David X. Cohen; see 1996 quotation. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪnˈsmɔːlən/, (US) /ɛnˈsmɔlən/
  • {{hyphenation}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (humorous) To make smaller, such as by reducing the resolution of an image file.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (make smaller) debigulate
  • (make smaller) embiggen
enterprisey etymology enterprise + y pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (computing, slang) Of, pertaining to, or resembling the sort of software that would be developed for a large commercial enterprise.
entertainment {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: entretainment (chiefly archaic) etymology From Old French entretenement; see entertain. pronunciation
  • /ɛn.tɝˈteɪn.mənt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An activity designed to give pleasure, enjoyment, diversion, amusement, or relaxation to an audience, no matter whether the audience participates passively as in watching opera or a movie, or actively as in game.
    • “The delinquents are generally the adventurous type, who have little use for reading and other non-active entertainment.”, Roth v. United States, William O. Douglas, 1957
  2. a show put on for the enjoyment or amusement of others
  3. (obsolete) maintenance or support
    • “"This," said the matronly presence, ushering me into a low room on the right, "is where the Travellers sit by the fire, and cook what bits of suppers they buy with their fourpences."<p>"O! Then they have no Entertainment?" said I. For the inscription over the outer door was still running in my head, and I was mentally repeating, in a kind of tune, "Lodging, entertainment, and fourpence each."”, The Seven Poor Travellers, Charles Dickens, 1854?
  4. Admission into service; service.
    • “He must think us some band of strangers i' the adversary's entertainment.”, William Shakespeare, All's Well That Ends Well, 1601-1608
  5. (obsolete) Payment of soldiers or servants; wages.
    • The entertainment of the general upon his first arrival was but six shillings and eight pence.
entire {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: intire (obsolete) etymology From Middle English entere, enter, from xno entier, from Latin integrum, accusative of integer, from in- + tango. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɪnˈtaɪə/, /ənˈtaɪə/
  • (GenAm) /ɪnˈtaɪɚ/, /ənˈtaɪɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (sometimes, postpositive) Whole; complete. exampleWe had the entire building to ourselves for the evening.
  2. (botany) Having a smooth margin without any indentation.
  3. (botany) Consisting of a single piece, as a corolla.
  4. (complex analysis, of a complex function) Complex-differentiable on all of .
  5. (of a, male animal) Not geld.
  6. Without mixture or alloy of anything; unqualified; morally whole; pure; faithful.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) pure fear and entire cowardice
    • Clarendon No man had ever a heart more entire to the king.
  7. Internal; interior. {{rfquotek}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An uncastrated horse; a stallion.
    • 2005, He asked why Hijaz was an entire. You know what an entire is, do you not, Anna? A stallion which has not been castrated. — James Meek, The People's Act of Love (Canongate 2006, p. 124)
  2. (philately) A complete envelope with stamps and all official markings: (prior to the use of envelopes) a page folded and posted.
  • triene
entjie etymology {{rfe}} Cape "coloured" slang, the attempt to be street and ask to smoke the end of the ciggy "can I smoke the "end G" " with the accent specific to Cape Town and the general lack of front teeth in the area became "can I smoke the entjie?" and then just "entjie" for a ciggy.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, slang) A cigarette.
    • 2005, Al Lovejoy, Acid Alex I begged him for an entjie and at first he said no, but then relented and gave me two loose ones and a box of matches…
entropic doom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, physics) The result of the in which the entropy of the universe steadily increases until thermal equilibrium is reached, energy is uniformly dispersed, and no life exists.
Synonyms: heat death of the universe
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of ent
  2. (informal) entertainment
    • 2012, Jason Manford, Brung Up Proper: My Autobiography (page 250) The student union ents officer eventually came to show us to the room we would be performing in, but there were two quite big problems. Firstly no one had bothered to advertise it to the student population so there was no audience…
  • nest
  • nets
  • sent, sent.
  • Sten
  • tens, TENS
entz etymology A humorous respelling of ents, itself an abbreviation of entertainment.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (UK, Oxford University, slang) Social and entertainment events provided for the students.
determiner: {{en-det}}
  1. (informal) Simplified variant of enough.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
E number
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of a range of European abbreviation for food additive used on label. The E number E100 represents turmeric.
  2. (British, Ireland, informal) Any such additive, often regarded as undesirable.
    • 2003, Deirdre Brennan, Maighread Medbh, Nuala Ni Chonchuir, Divas! I finger Padre Pio paperweights and Our Lady of Knock sticks of rock that are packed with more e-numbers than could be safe at one sitting.
    • 2007, Anne Enright, The Gathering long it took corpses to go off these days, because everyone was so full of E-numbers and preservatives.
enviro etymology Short for environmentalist.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An ecofreak.
    • 2006, John Berlau, Eco-Freaks: Environmentalism Is Hazardous to Your Health!, page 162, In the late 1980s and early 1990s, enviros cooked up a scheme to prevent nearly any tree from being cut down in the Pacific Northwest.
    • 2010, Craig Collins, Toxic Loopholes: Failures and Future Prospects for Environmental Law, page 9, Indeed, this dwindling number of agency “enviros” has been the EPA's conscience over the years. William Sanjour was one of these endangered species of enviros who worked tirelessly to compel the EPA to reform itself and fulfill its mission.
    • 2011, Gary Jason, Dangerous Thoughts, unnumbered page, The book became one of the enviros’ bibles, and they managed to convince the EPA to ban the use of DDT in the United States in 1972.
Synonyms: ecocrazy, ecofreak, ecohippie, econazi, environazi, envirotard, tree hugger
  • renvoi
environazi etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) An environmentalist, especially a hardline one.
Synonyms: ecocrazy, ecofreak, ecohippie, econazi, enviro, envirotard, tree hugger
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (medicine, social sciences) One who holds the view that environment, rather than heredity or culture, is the primary factor in the development of an individual or group.
    • 1926, Clark Wissler, The Relation of Nature to Man in Aboriginal America, , 1971, page 211-212, “As we remarked once before, there are two extreme views with respect to life, one attributing everything to the environment, the other to inherent abilities. If, for example, an unusual number of distinguished men are born and reared in the same locality, the environmentalists assert that the causes for their appearance were entirely external and that had their parents changed habitats with those residing elsewhere the result would have been the same, except that the family names of these eminent men would have been different.”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  2. One who advocates for the protection of the biosphere from misuse from human activity through such measures as ecosystem protection, waste reduction and pollution prevention
Synonyms: (one who advocates for the protection of the biosphere) greenie (chiefly Australia and New Zealand), tree hugger (slang)
related terms:
  • environmentalism
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, or relating to environmentalism.
    • 1939, Alfred L. Kroeber, Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America, 1963, page 69, “The environmentalist explanation would be that tropical environment retards or depresses culture through its physiological effect on the human organism.”
envirotard etymology From environment + tard.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, rare) An environmentalist.
Synonyms: ecocrazy, ecofreak, ecohippie, econazi, enviro, environazi, tree hugger
envowel Alternative forms: emvowel etymology {{blend}} with assimilation the m of embowel to the following v of vowel. Compare to disenvowel. pronunciation
  • /ɛnˈvaʊəl/, /ɛnˈvaʊl/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (dated, transitive, humorous, rare) to replace a portion of a person's name with a dash in printing, in order to avoid libel.
Enzed etymology Phonetic respelling of the abbreviation NZ.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) New Zealand
Enzedder etymology Spelling out of NZ, the abbreviation of New Zealand, + -er, denoting a native of a place. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A New Zealander.
Synonyms: (New Zealander) Kiwi (informal)
acronym: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (AU, business, informal) End Of Financial Year Sale
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (slang, computing) en-past of EOL (to be at the "End Of Life.")
  • Used in context of software projects.
eon {{was wotd}} Alternative forms: aeon (chiefly British or Gnostic), æon (dated) etymology From Ancient Greek αἰών 〈aiṓn〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈiː.ɒn/
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) Eternity.
  2. A period of 1,000,000,000 year.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  3. (geology) The longest time period used in geology.
  4. (US, informal, hyperbole) A long period of time. It's been eons since we last saw each other.
  5. (Gnosticism, usually spelled aeon or æon) A spirit being emanating from the Godhead.
  • Neo, NEO
  • one
ep etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) episode (of a TV serial, etc.)
  • pe, PE, Pe.
epeen etymology e- and diminutive form of penis.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet, slang, vulgar) A technology-related item or status used as an embodiment of one's superiority over others.
Eph etymology Shortened from Ephraim Williams, the name of the college's benefactor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A student at Williams College, Massachusetts, USA.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, countable) An ephebophile
    • 2012 rl measures, Re: How about "Tar Baby"?? That is an innocent comment, too?? Group: The clue to the RCC not being the one was its support of pedo and ephebo priests.
    • 1994 an9, Ephebophile Group: But PEDOphile has a nice media ring to it, more so than ephebo
    • 2012 duke, Re: Catholic Church Tries To Silence Victims Group: alt.abortion Archbishop Mahony never revealed the full list of pedo and ephebo priests.
epic {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: epick (archaic) etymology From Middle French épique, from Latin epicus, from Ancient Greek ἐπικός 〈epikós〉, from ἔπος 〈épos〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈɛpɪk/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feat of a deity or demigod (heroic epic) or other legendary or traditional hero. The Icelandic epic took all night to recite.
  2. A series of event considered appropriate to an epic. The book was an epic in four volumes.
Synonyms: épopée, epos
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, or relating to, an epic. Beowulf is an epic poem.
  2. Momentously heroic; grand in scale or character The epic defense was rewarded with the highest military decorations China's epic traffic jam "vanished" — AFP news story, Wednesday August 25, 2010
  3. (colloquial, slang, informal) Extending beyond the usual or ordinary; extraordinary, momentous, great. The after-prom party was epic.
  4. (category theory) Of a morphism: that it is an epimorphism.
Synonyms: epical
  • ECPI
  • pice
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In an epic manner.
  2. (informal) Extremely; very; significantly.
    • 2007, Todd Balf, "Critical Mess", Bicycling, November 2007: It is a rare sunny afternoon in an epically miserable London June when the wide South Bank plaza area along the Thames near Waterloo Bridge begins filling with bicycle riders.
    • 2008, Rachel Maude, Poseur: The Good, the Fab and the Ugly, Poppy (2008), ISBN 9780316065849, unnumbered page: Due to some epically drunk behavior at his sister's Prada fashion thing the weekend before last, he'd somehow cheated on his supremely hot, now ex-girlfriend, {{…}}
    • 2008, Joe Stretch, Friction, Vintage (2008), ISBN 9781407013220, page 144: They stopped discussing them because it usually meant epically dull speeches from Steve on market fluctuations and innovations in Internet trading.
    • 2012, Penny Vincenzi, More Than You Know, Doubleday (2012), ISBN 9780385534529, unnumbered page: {{…}} I've been so stupid, so epically stupid and selfish and cruel and …"
epic fail {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet, slang) An utter, total failure.
Episcopal {{wikipedia}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or relating to the affairs of an Anglican church, such as the Scottish Episcopal Church or the Episcopal Church in the United States.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An adherent of an Anglican church, such as the Scottish Episcopal Church or the Episcopal Church in the United States; properly, an Episcopalian.
  • The term Episcopal may be used when referring to an Anglican Episcopal Church, as in There was a small Episcopal church at the end of the lane, or He had been an Episcopal priest for twenty years, but one often hears Episcopalian instead.
  • Similarly, Episcopalian refers to an individual member of the church, but one may hear Episcopal instead.
related terms:
  • Episcopalian
  • coapplies
epizootic {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: epizoötic (pentasyllabic senses), epizoodic (tetrasyllabic senses), epizudic (tetrasyllabic senses) etymology From French épizootique, animal equivalent of epidemic, from épizootie, irregularly formed from Ancient Greek ἐπί 〈epí〉 + ζῷον 〈zō̂ion〉. en + epi- + zo- + -otic. Use of the word in the second sense, "an ailment", was likely originally a reference to a particular epizootic ailment.'''1873''', J. S. Boone, in an article in ''The Medical and Surgical Reporter'', 5 April 1873, volume XXVIII, number 14, number 840, published in the compilation ''The Medical and Surgical Reporter'', volume XXVIII, page 278: Large numbers of persons were affected with the disease at the same time. It was not an unfrequent occurrence, in interchanging the compliments of the day with a friend, to receive, in response to an inquiry regarding his health, a reply similar to the following: "I have got the '''epizootic''';" or, "I am about past going with the 'zooty;'" or, "The horse disease is going hard with me."'''1913''', ''American Journal of Veterinary Medicine'', November 1913, volume VIII, number 11, page 621: In the sparsely settled districts of Kansas, [...] there was recently a slight epizootic of a catarrhal nature among the horses, which is popularly known as "epizootic." Both senses are attested since at least the 1800s, and the pronunciation with five syllables is explicitly attested since then as well.'''1876''', William Cullen Bryant, in a letter to Leonice M. S. Moulton, written in New York on 18 April 1876, published in ''The Letters of William Cullen Bryant'', volume 6, on page 301: "If I had not what Dr. Gray calls the Epizootic -- pronounce both ''o''s -- I should have come out to Roslyn this week."'''1913''', Paul Fischer, ''Foot and Mouth Disease in Ohio'', published in the ''Official bulletins'' of the Ohio Department of Agriculture, volumes 4-5, page 151: "The epizootic (pronounced ep-i-zo-ot-ic) of foot and mouth disease [...]" Dialectal pronunciation of the second sense with four syllables is attested since at least the 1910s in spellings like "epizudic" and is suggested by 1870s references to a shortened form of the word, "zooty". pronunciation
  • /ɛpɪ.zəˈwɒtɪk/, /ɛpɪ.zoʊˈɒtɪk/
  • (dialectal) /ɛpɪˈzuːdɪk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (epidemiology) An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population of non-human animal at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period. Compare epidemic. At the same time as an epidemic of the flu broke out among the people, an epizootic of the swine flu broke out among their pigs.
  2. A particular epizootic (epizootically-occurring) disease.
    • 1856, On the epizootic lately affecting lambs, in The Veterinarian; or Monthly Journal of Veterinary Science for 1856, volume XXIX-II, fourth series, edited by Morton and Simonds, page 450: A surgeon in the town has also informed me, that a person requested him to prescribe for some lambs affected with the epizootic, and he gave them Epsom salts and opium, with, as he said, very good effect.
  3. (dialectal, humorous, often in the plural) A disease or ailment. Johnny's not doing so well today, I think he caught the epizootic.
    • 1873, Jeramiah Juniur Blows His Bugle, in Gem of the West and Soliders' Friend, seventh year, January 1873, page 378: Last fall, when Dad had the Epizootic; no, I don't mean that, tho I did think he had em, but when the Chicargar hosses got the Epizootic, Dad got all fired mad caus that xpressman didn't cum round to move the rest of our traps.
    • 1986, Geneva Bair Wilson, As the Anvil Rings, page 78: "My Laws, Minnie! She's got spots! I guess you've got the epizootics."
    • 1977, Dear Sammy: Letters from Getrude Stein and Alice Toklas, edited by Samuel M. Steward, page 237: Never do I have colds — but I got the epizootics(?) and sneezed my head off — twenty three times yesterday.
    • 1998, David Pietrusza, Judge and Jury, the life and times of Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, page 348: Then along comes somebody else who says you've got epizootic and he can cure epizootic and he doesn't have to cut out the epi.
Used in the second sense to mean "an ailment", it is often preceded by the definite article ("the epizootic"), is often plural in form ("the epizootics"), and is sometimes written "(the) epizoodic".
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (epidemiology) Like or having to do with an epizootic: epidemic among animal. Epizootic plague occurred in the mice following introduction of rats from Europe.
    • 1913, J. J. Desmond, An enzootic of contagious abortion in cattle, in the American Journal of Veterinary Medicine, September 1913, volume VIII, number 9, page 470: As much attention is being drawn to the subject of epizootic abortion in bovines, [...]
    • 1914, Thomas Shaw, Management and Feeding of Sheep, page 398, These are known respectively as the hair lung worm and the thread lung worm. The former of these is probably the more widely diffused, but the latter is more epizootic in flocks than the former.
    • 1919 March 19, author not named, The Mud Larks, in , Volume 156, 2004 Gutenberg edition, I handed it back to him, explaining that he had come to the wrong shop--unless he were a horse, of course. If he were and could provide his own nosebag, head-stall and Army Form 1640, testifying that he was guiltless of mange, ophthalmia or epizootic lymphangitis, I would do what I could for him.
    • 1933, British Veterinary Journal, Volume 89, page 74, The parasites important in Britain do, however, by themselves constitute a most serious source of loss to pig breeders — probably at least as serious as that caused by the various more spectacular but more epizootic bacterial diseases.
  2. (geology, rare) Containing fossil.
    • 1799, Richard Kirwan, Geological Essays, pages 160-161: Hence their primary division is into primeval and secondary or Epizootic. And the epizootic mountains are still farther distinguishable into original and derivative.
  • enzootic
related terms:
  • pandemic
  • epidemic
  • endemic
eppy etymology Diminutive epileptic + y.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) An epileptic shock
  2. (colloquial, by extension) A tantrum or outburst.
epsilon {{letter_disp2}} {{wikipedia}} etymology From Ancient Greek ἒψιλόν 〈èpsilón〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈɛpsɪlɒn/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The name for the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet, ε or Ε, preceded by delta (Δ, δ) and followed by zeta (Ζ, ζ).
  2. (phonetics) In IPA, the phonetic symbol that represents the ; represented in SAMPA as E.
  3. (mathematics) An arbitrarily small quantity.
  4. (computing, colloquial) A negligible effect. Yes, we have to convert all the symbol names to upper case at startup, but that’s epsilon.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A European Poker Tour event.
equal Alternative forms: æqual (archaic), æquall (archaic) etymology From Latin aequālis. pronunciation
  • /ˈiːkwəl/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) The same in all respects. exampleEqual conditions should produce equal results. exampleAll men are created equal.
    • George Cheyne (physician) (1671-1743) They who are not disposed to receive them may let them alone or reject them; it is equal to me.
  2. (mathematics, not comparable) Exactly identical, having the same value. exampleAll right angles are equal.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 10 , “The skipper Mr. Cooke had hired at Far Harbor was a God-fearing man with a luke warm interest in his new billet and employer, and had only been prevailed upon to take charge of the yacht after the offer of an emolument equal to half a year's sea pay of an ensign in the navy.”
  3. (obsolete) Fair, impartial.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica: it could not but much redound to the lustre of your milde and equall Government, when as private persons are hereby animated to thinke ye better pleas'd with publick advice, then other statists have been delighted heretofore with publicke flattery.
    • Bible, Book of Ezekiel xviii. 29 Are not my ways equal?
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) Thee, O Jove, no equal judge I deem.
  4. (comparable) Adequate; sufficiently capable or qualified. exampleThis test is pretty tough, but I think I'm equal to it.
    • 1881, Jane Austen, Emma (novel), p. 311 her comprehension was certainly more equal to the covert meaning, the superior intelligence, of those five letters so arranged.
    • Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674) The Scots trusted not their own numbers as equal to fight with the English.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) It is not permitted to me to make my commendations equal to your merit.
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) …whose voice an equal messenger / Conveyed thy meaning mild.
  5. (obsolete) Not variable; equable; uniform; even. examplean equal movement
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) an equal temper
  6. (music) Intended for voices of one kind only, either all male or all female; not mixed.
  • {{U:en:equal}}
Synonyms: (the same in all respects) identical, (exactly identical) equivalent, identical, (unvarying) even, fair, uniform, unvarying
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (mathematics) To be equal to, to have the same value as; to correspond to. Two plus two equals four.
  2. To be equivalent to; to match
    • 2004, Mary Levy and Jim Kelly, Marv Levy: Where Else Would You Rather Be? There was an even more remarkable attendance figure that underscores the devotion exhibited by our fans, because it was in 1991 that they set a single season in-stadium attendance record that has never been equaled.
  3. (informal) To have as its consequence. Losing this deal equals losing your job. Might does not equal right.
Synonyms: (to be equal to) be, is, (informal, have as its consequence) entail, imply, lead to, mean, result in, spell
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person or thing of equal status to others. We're all equals here. This beer has no equal.
    • Addison Those who were once his equals envy and defame him.
  2. (obsolete) State of being equal; equality. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (person or thing of equal status to others) peer
related terms:
  • equality
  • {{rank}}
  • quale
equal-opportunity Alternative forms: equal opportunity etymology Comes from and similar phrases, where it is used literally to mean that the opportunity for employment is available equally to all, regardless of, for example, an applicant's race.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorous) Targeting everyone indiscriminately. equal-opportunity insulter
er etymology Mimetic (sound of hesitation) pronunciation
  • /ɜː/
  • Used in non-rhotic dialects. Compare uh.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (UK) Said when hesitating in speech.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To utter the word "er" when hesitating in speech, found almost exclusively in the phrase um and er. He ummed and erred his way through the presentation.
  • {{rank}}
  • 're, RE, , r.e., re
-er pronunciation
  • (UK) /ə/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɚ/
etymology 1 From Middle English -er, -ere, from Old English -ere, from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz. Usually thought to have been borrowed from Latin -ārius. Cognate with Dutch -er, Low German -er, German -er, Swedish -are, Icelandic -ari, Gothic -𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 〈-𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃〉. Compare also Ancient Greek -ήριος 〈-ḗrios〉, Church Slavic -арь 〈-arʹ〉. Alternative forms: -'er (following an abbreviation, or sometimes following a number)
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to verbs) person or thing that does an action indicated by the root verb; used to form an agent noun. reader, cooker, computer, runner-up, do-gooder
  2. (added to a noun denoting an occupation) Person whose occupation is (the noun). astrologer, cricketer, trumpeter
  3. (added to a number, measurement or noun denoting a quantified set) A name for a person or thing that is based on a number (with or without a noun). sixer, six-footer, three-wheeler, first-grader
  4. (slang, chiefly, entertainment, with few limitations) Used to form nouns shorter than more formal synonyms. percenter (commission agent); one-hander (one-man show); oater (a Western-themed movie)
  5. (informal, added to a noun) One who enjoys. Tooners lined up for tickets to Toy Story.
  6. (derogatory, added to nouns) Person who subscribes to a particular conspiracy theory or unorthodox belief. anti-vaxxer, birther, flat-Earther, 9/11 truther
  • The suffix may be used to form an agent noun of many verbs. In compound or phrasal verbs, the suffix usually follows the verb component (as in passerby and runner-up) but is sometimes added at the end, irrespective of the position of the verb component (do-gooder) or is added to both components for humorous effect (washer-upper).
  • The entertainment slang sense is sometimes referred to as the -er.
etymology 2 From Middle English -er, -ere, from Old English -ware, from Proto-Germanic *warjaz, from Proto-Indo-European *wer-. Cognate with Dutch -er, German -er, Swedish -are.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to a proper noun) Suffix denoting a resident or inhabitant of (the place denoted by the proper noun); used to form a demonym. New Yorker, Londoner, Dubliner
  2. Suffix denoting residency in or around a place, district, area, or region. islander, highlander, eastender, prisoner
etymology 3 From Middle English -er, -re, from Old English -ru, from Proto-Germanic *-izō. Cognate with Dutch -er, German -er. See also -ren.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (no longer productive) Suffix used to form the plural of a small number of English nouns. childer, calver, lamber, linder &quot;loins&quot;
etymology 4 Representing various noun-suffixes in Old French and xno, variously -er, -ier and -ieur, from Latin -aris, -arius, -atorium.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. person or thing connected with butler
etymology 5 From Middle English -ere, from Old English -ra, from Proto-Germanic *-izô or Proto-Germanic *-ōzô (a derivative of Etymology 6, below); related to superlative -est.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to certain adjectives and adverbs, now especially short ones) more; used to form the comparative. longer, bigger, faster, sooner, simpler
  • (more; used to form the comparative) Adjectives whose comparatives are formed using the suffix -er also form their superlatives using the suffix -est.
    • Final preceded by a consonant becomes when the suffix -er or -est is added. easyeasiereasiest; graygrayergrayest
    • When the stress is on the final (or only) syllable of the adjective, and this syllable ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel, the final consonant is doubled when the suffix is added. dimdimmerdimmest
    • The suffixes -er and -est may be used to form the comparative and superlative of most adjectives and adverbs that have one syllable and some that have two syllables. hothotterhottest; fastfasterfastest; funnyfunnierfunniest
    • Some adjectives and adverbs form their comparatives and superlatives irregularly: goodbetterbest; farfartherfarthest, or farfurtherfurthest, depending on the meaning
    • The comparatives and superlatives of other adverbs and adjectives that have two syllables, most longer adjectives and adverbs, and adjectives that are participles are formed with more and most. rigidmore rigidmost rigid; enormousmore enormousmost enormous; burntmore burntmost burnt; freezingmore freezingmost freezing
    • If in doubt, use more to form the comparative and most to form the superlative; for example, thirsty may become thirstier and thirstiest, but and are also acceptable.
  • Words ending with -ng are pronounced /ŋ/ by most dialects instead of /ŋɡ/. However, when -er or -est is added to an adjective, the /ɡ/ appears (in most dialects). long (/lɒŋ/) → longer (/ˈlɒŋ.ɡə(ɹ)/); young (/jʌŋ/) → youngest (/ˈjʌŋ.ɡɪst/)
etymology 6 From Middle English -er, from Old English -or, from Proto-Germanic *-ōz.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to certain adverbs) more; used to form the comparative.
etymology 7 From Middle English -eren, -ren, -rien, from Old English -erian, -rian, from Proto-Germanic *-rōną. Cognate with Western Frisian -erje, Dutch -eren, German -eren, -ern, Danish -re, Swedish -ra.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to a verb or imitative sound) frequently; used to form frequentative verbs. twitter, clamber, bicker, mutter, wander, flutter, flicker, slither, smother, sputter
Synonyms: (used to form frequentative) -le
etymology 8 Representing xno -er, the infinitive verbal ending.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to a verb) instance of (the verbal action); used to form nouns from verbs, especially in legal terms. disclaimer, misnomer, remitter, rebutter
etymology 9 From Middle English -er, -ere. Compare -el.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (added to a verb or noun) used to form diminutives. shiver < shive sliver < slive splinter < splint
etymology 10 Originally Rugby School slang.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. Used to form slang or colloquial equivalents of words. soccer, rugger, brekkers, Radder, divvers
eraser {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology {{-er}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A thing used to erase or remove something written or draw by a pen or a pencil. I have worn out the eraser on this pencil.
  2. (US) A thing used to erase something written by chalk on a chalkboard; chalkboard eraser.
  3. (computing) An overwriter program used to prevent data recovery.
Synonyms: (thing used to remove markings) rubber (UK), (thing used to remove markings) india rubber (UK), (thing used to remove markings) bungee (UK)
erection {{wikipedia}} etymology From Latin erectio, noun of action from perfect passive participle erectus, from verb erigere, from prefix e- + regere, + action suffix -io. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪˈɹɛkʃən/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The act of building or putting up or together of something; construction.
  2. (countable) Anything erect or built. The Empire State Building was once the world's tallest erection.
  3. (uncountable, physiology) The physiological process by which erectile tissue, such as a penis or clitoris, becomes erect by being engorge with blood.
    • 1997, Alan Hyde, Bodies of Law, Princeton University Press (1997), ISBN 9781400822317, page 175: I think that the case also demonstrates some singular aspects of the penis as a narrator of tales, specifically the way in which the erection of a penis falls outside a man's conscious control and therefore threatens a carefully constructed master legal narrative in which bodily self-control graphically represents the self-government contemplated by a democratic legal society.
    • 2006, Lori Marso, Feminist Thinkers and the Demands of Femininity: The Lives and Work of Intellectual Women, Routledge (2006), ISBN 0415979269, unnumbered pages (quoting Simone Beauvoir): There are men who say they cannot bear to show themselves naked before women unless in a state of erection; and indeed through erection the flesh becomes activity, potency, {{…}}
    • 2007, Edward J. Behrend-Martinez, Unfit for Marriage: Impotent Spouses on Trial in the Basque Region of Spain, 1650-1750, University of Nevada Press (2007), ISBN 9780874176995, page 14: A marriage was only consummated via erection, penetration, and insemination intra vas.
  4. (uncountable, physiology, of a penis or clitoris) The state or quality of being erect from engorgement with blood.
{{quote-Fanny Hill}}
    • 2008, Robert Crooks & Karla Baur, Our Sexuality, Thomson Wadsworth (2008), ISBN 9780495095545, page 163: Older men typically require longer periods of time to achieve erection and reach orgasm.
    • 2011, Alan L. Rubin, Diabetes for Dummies, Wiley Publishing, Inc. (2008), ISBN 9780470270868, page 104: A very rare complication is priapism, where the penis maintains its erection for many hours.
  1. (countable) A penis or clitoris that is erect. He placed his newspaper on his lap to hide his erection.
    • 2002, Marguerite Crump, No B.O.!: The Head-to-Toe Book of Hygiene for Preteens, Free Spirit Publishing (2005), ISBN 9781575427003, page 85: The surge of hormones during puberty means you might have lots of erections, even when you don't want them—like during school.
    • 2006, Abha Dawesar, That Summer in Paris, Anchor Books (2007), ISBN 9780307275455, page 259: Prem was sure everyone could see his erection through his pants, everyone but Maya, who he had been careful to keep to his side all the time
    • 2007, Ken Follett, World Without End, Dutton (2007), ISBN 9780525950073, page 244: He kissed her again, this time with a long, moist kiss that gave him an erection.
Synonyms: (act of building) building, construction., (anything erected or built) building, construction., (state of a penis being erect) see also ., (an erect penis) see also .
related terms:
  • erect
  • erector
  • neoteric
erk pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) a member of the groundcrew in the RAF.
etymology 2
interjection: {{en-intj}}
  1. Expressing trepidation; eek.
ermagerd etymology Imitating a particular pronunciation of the phrase.
interjection: {{en-intj}}
  1. (humorous) {{alt form}}
ermahgerd etymology From a facetious mispronunciation of the the phrase oh my God intended to mimic the speech of someone wearing an ."[ The Erkernermerst]", ''The Economist'', 29 November 2012Nicole Cammorata, ''Words You Should Know 2013: The 201 Words from Science, Politics, Technology and Pop Culture That Will Change Your Life This Year'', F+W Media (2013), ISBN 9781440556401, [ page 67]
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang, humorous or sarcastic) {{non-gloss}}
    • 2012, "Livin' A Teenage Dream", X-Press Magazine, Issue 1341, 24 October 2012, page 11: PLUS (please brace yourselves, fangirls) he's coming to play at the Perth Arena in a few months – ermahgerd.
    • 2012, Travis Homenuk, "Let's all run for mayor", The Sheaf (University of Saskatchewan), Volume 104, Issue 8, 25 October 2012, page 16: Here's a scary thought: I'm a Canadian citizen over 18 years of age and I have lived in Saskatoon for more than three months and in Saskatchewan for more than six months. What does this mean? I can run for mayor. Ermahgerd!
    • 2013, Robert Epstein, "Being Modern: Macarons", The Independent, 3 March 2013: Is that an Alber Elbaz pink-bubblegum macaron you're eating? Ermahgerd! You are so last year.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: See also .
err etymology From Middle English erren, from Old French errer, from Latin errō, from Proto-Indo-European *ares-. Cognate with Old English eorre, ierre, Old English iersian, Old English ierre pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɜː(ɹ)/ or (rare)/ɛə(ɹ)/
  • (US) /ɛɹ/, /ɝ/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To make a mistake. exampleHe erred in his calculations, and made many mistakes.
  2. (intransitive) To sin.
  3. (archaic) to stray.
Synonyms: See also
errand boy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A male employed to run errand.
  2. (management, pejorative) Someone nominally in a responsible position who performs relatively menial tasks for a senior manager.
Synonyms: (someone employed to run errands), (pejorative) cat's paw, hatchet man
{{initialism-old}}: ESAD or esad
  1. (internet slang, vulgar) eat shit and die
Alternative forms: EYOSAD
  • sade
esquilax etymology Coined in the animated television series , where a Renaissance fair sideshow promotes a normal rabbit as "a horse with the head of a rabbit and the body of a rabbit".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, humorous) A rabbit.
    • 1997, "Powdered TOAST Man", TAN: The Weasel Strikes Back (discussion on Internet newsgroup Yeah, well I get to run the Circus Sideshow, and the esquilaxes.
    • 1999, "Cabrutus", is lack of evidence a reason to lack belief? (discussion on Internet newsgroup alt.atheism) In fact, I am also "really weakly omnipotent," because it is logically impossible for me to fly unaided, or transform myself into an esquilax, because I am a being who cannot do those things. But I can do anything which it is logically possible for me to do.
    • 2001, "Anonymous Weirdo", Have a rest (discussion on Internet newsgroup I wasn't thinking of gray elephants in Denmark, I was thinking of white esquilaxes in the Domincan {{SIC}} Republic.
    • 2008, "Jeßus", Found some Hydrox (discussion on Internet newsgroup Could be worse... couldve {{SIC}} been an Esquilax.
Essex girl
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, pejorative) A stereotype of a young woman from Essex or the Home Counties, characterized as unintelligent, promiscuous and materialistic.
Essex man {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, pejorative) A stereotype of a working class conservative voter in the south-east of England, characterized by brash and right wing view and few cultural or intellectual interest but an interest in wealth and material goods.
establishment etymology Old French establissement, (Modern French établissement) from the verb establir. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of establish; a ratify or ordain; settlement; confirmation. exampleSince their establishment of the company in 1984, they have grown into a global business.
  2. The state of being established, found, etc.; fixed state. exampleThe firm celebrated twenty years since their establishment by updating their look.
  3. That which is established; as a form of government, a permanent organization, business or force, or the place where one is permanently fixed for residence. examplePedro's is a fine establishment serving a variety of delicious food. exampleExposing the shabby parts of the establishment.
  4. (slang) The establishment: the ruling class or authority group in a society; especially, an entrench authority dedicated to preserving the status quo. Sometimes capitalized: the Establishment.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleIt's often necessary to question the establishment to get things done.
Synonyms: (act of establishing) foundation
  • (act of establishing) abolition
esthetically challenged
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorously, politically correct, euphemistic, idiomatic, of a, person) Ugly.
et {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From French et, in turn from Latin et
conjunction: {{en-con}}
  1. (obsolete) and
etymology 2
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial or dialectal) en-past of eat
    • 1896, Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain), Tom Sawyer, Detective : Well, the man was astonished, of course; and first off he looked like he didn't know whether to be scared, or glad, or both, or which, but finally he settled down to being glad; and then his color come back, though at first his face had turned pretty white. So we got to talking together while he et his breakfast.
    • 1907, O. Henry, Seats of the Haughty : 'Boss,' says the cabby, 'I et a steak in that restaurant once. If you're real hungry, I advise you to try the saddle-shops first.'
    • 1919, Bess Streeter Aldrich, A Long-Distance Call From Jim: Well, I don't care if he does! I can remember the time when he et a good old-fashioned supper. And it's awful silly to call it dinner. 'Breakfast, dinner and supper, created He them.' I believe I could find them very words in the Bible if I set out to hunt.
    • 1937, J. R. R. Tolkien, The Hobbit: Yer can't expect folk to stop here for ever just to be et by you and Bert.
    • 1946 February 18, Life magazine: It must have been somethin’ I et!
    • 1996, Dana Lyons, "Cows with Guns": They eat to grow, grow to die / Die to be et at the hamburger fry.
    • 2001, Richard Williams, The Animator's Survival Kit, page 220: Something I et?
  • te
et cetera Alternative forms: etc, etc., etcetera, et ceteræ (archaic), &c, &c. (dated), & cetera (dated), et cætera, et caetera (erroneous and archaic) etymology From Latin et cētera. pronunciation
  • /ˌɛt ˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/, /ˌɛkˈsɛt(ə)ɹə/; see usage notes below {{audio}}
phrase: {{head}}
  1. And the rest, and the others; to complete a list. The grocery sells cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, etc.
  2. And so forth; to indicate missing information, often well known. The plagiarism was painfully obvious: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times," etc.
  • This phrase is not usually written out; rather, it is usually abbreviated in writing as etc.. In the past, it might also be written &amp;c., although this is now dated. The abbreviated forms are still pronounced, however, as the full phrase.
  • Many speakers use a /k/ sound rather than a /t/ sound in the first word. This pronunciation is usually considered incorrect, is proscribe, and is somewhat stigmatized. It is sometimes represented in eye dialect as "excetera", "exetera", or "ekcetera".
Synonyms: (to complete a list) et al., (and so forth) and so on, blah blah blah (colloquial)
eternity Alternative forms: æternity (archaic), æternitie (obsolete) etymology From Old French eternitez, from Latin aeternitas pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪˈtɜː.nə.ti/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ɪˈtɝnɪti/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Existence without end, infinite time.
    • 1829, , Sermon LVIII: On the Eternity of God, in Sermons on Several Occasions, Volume 2, 10th edition, page 1, Eternity has generally been considered as divisible into two parts; which have been termed, eternity a parte ante, and eternity a parte post: that is, in plain English, that eternity which is past, and that eternity which is to come.
    • 1886, , Systematic Theology: a Compendium and Commonplace-book Designed for the Use of Theological Students, page 190, This theory regards creation as an act of God in eternity past.
    • 2000, , Human Nature in It's Fourfold State, page 247, Those who like not the company of the saints on earth will get none of it in eternity; but, as godless company is their delight now, they will afterwards get enough of it, when they have eternity to pass in the roaring and blaspheming society of devils and reprobates in hell.
  2. (uncountable, philosophy) Existence outside of time.
    • 1879, , , published in 1881, (editor) Journal of Discourses, Volume 21, We sometimes speak of eternity in contradistinction to time; and often say, "through time and into eternity;" and again "from eternity to eternity," which is simply another form of expressing the same idea, and "pass through time into eternity." in other words, time is a short period allotted to man in his probationary state—and we use the word time in contradistinction to the word eternity, merely for the accommodation of man in his finite sphere, that we may comprehend and learn to measure periods.
  3. (countable) A period of time which extends infinitely far into the future.
  4. (metaphysical) The remainder of time that elapses after death.
  5. (informal, hyperbole) A comparatively long time. It's been an eternity since we last saw each other.
  • In the sense "a comparatively long time", eternity is always used with the indefinite article (an eternity).
  • In philosophy, the common use of eternity to refer to an infinite time is considered incorrect, eternity referring to existence outside of time; existence within time but of an infinite temporal duration is called everlastingness or sempiternity
Synonyms: (existence outside of time) extratemporal, (infinite time) all time, (time extending infinitely far into the future) evermore, forever, (remainder of time that elapses after death) afterlife, (comparatively long time) an age, ages, centuries, donkey's years, hours, a lifetime, years, yonks
  • (existence outside of time) sempiternity
related terms:
  • eternal
  • eternize
  • entirety
etymology 1 From Middle English -eth, -th, from Old English -eþ, -aþ, , from Proto-Germanic *-þi, *-di, from Proto-Indo-European *-ti. pronunciation
  • There is some evidence that verbs written with this ending in Early Modern English were pronounced as if they ended in -s, which was common in speech before becoming common in writing. Alternatively (or in addition to the former) the Northumbrian dialect of Old English's third-person singular present indicative suffix, -s, may have eventually displaced the -eth suffix.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (archaic) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs. goeth, maketh
  2. (humorous) replaces -s or -es (of verb forms and noun plurals), or is appended to other verb forms, forming nonce, pseudoarchaic versions of the word exampleI emaileth, he emaileth; thou saideth; he killedeth.
coordinate terms:
  • -est
etymology 2 From Middle English -th, -eth, -the, -ethe, from Old English -þa, -þe, -oþa, from Proto-Germanic *-þô, *-tô, *-udô, *-dô, from Proto-Indo-European *-tós.
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. {{non-gloss}}
ether {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: aether (British spelling, obsolete in chemistry), æther (dated British spelling), aethyr, ethyr (archaic spellings)
etymology 1 From Old French ether, from Latin aethēr, from Ancient Greek αἰθήρ 〈aithḗr〉, from αἴθω 〈aíthō〉.
  • (UK) /ˈiːθə/
  • (US) /ˈiː.θɚ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (organic compound, countable) A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two hydrocarbon group.
  2. (organic compound, uncountable) Diethyl ether (C4H10O), a compound used as an early anaesthetic.
  3. (ancient philosophy and alchemy, uncountable) A classical physical element, considered as prevalent in the heavens and inaccessible to humans. In some versions of alchemy, this was the fifth element in addition to air, earth, fire and water.
  4. (archaic, physics, uncountable) A substance (aether) once thought to fill all space that allowed electromagnetic wave to pass through it and interact with matter, without exerting any resistance to matter or energy (disproved by Einstein in his Theory of Relativity).
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. (poetic or literary) The sky or heavens; the upper air.
  • {{seeCites}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang) To viciously insult. exampleThe battle rapper ethered his opponent and caused him to slink away in shame.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
etymology 2 Hip hop slang. Originates from song by Nas, Ether (song). See Ether_(song)#Significance.
quotations: {{seeCites}}
  • Reeth, theer, there, three
ethically challenged etymology An ironic imitation of politically correct language.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, humorously, politically correct, euphemistic) unethical; dishonest
Alternative forms: ethically-challenged
Eton jacket etymology Named after Eton, a prestigious college in England, where it was part of the uniform.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a mess jacket
Synonyms: bumfreezer, bumfreezer jacket
euboxic etymology From eu- + box + -ic.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (rare medical slang, of a patient) Having a certain medical statistic, or all medical statistics, within normal ranges.
    • {{circa}} Frank Davidoff et al., Who Has Seen a Blood Sugar?: Reflections on Medical Education, American College of Physicians, page 98: For we seem to have created a situation in which medical cyberspace seems more real to us than the sick patient in the bed. What are the consequences of this bargain? ¶ To begin with, there is the gallows humor about the patient who dies with her electrolytes in perfect order (“she was euboxic”—an ironic expression that refers to the little boxes in the medical record where elecrolyte values are recorded).
Eucharist etymology From Middle English eukariste, from Old French, from ll eucharistia, from Ancient Greek εὐχαριστία 〈eucharistía〉 pronunciation
  • /ˈjuːkəɹɪst/
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Theosophy) The Christian sacrament of Holy Communion.
  2. (by extension) A Christian religious service in which this sacrament is enacted.
  3. The substances received during this sacrament, namely the bread and wine, seen as Christ’s body and blood.
Synonyms: (sacrament) Holy Communion, Communion, (religious service) Holy Communion, Communion, Mass, Divine Liturgy, (informal) church, (substances received) the elements
related terms:
  • eucharistic
  • eucharistical
euphist etymology Contraction of euphoniumist.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music, informal) A euphoniumist.
euphoria {{wikipedia}} etymology From Dutch, from Ancient Greek εὐφορία 〈euphoría〉, from εὔφορος 〈eúphoros〉, from εὖ 〈eû〉 + φέρειν 〈phérein〉. pronunciation
  • /juːˈfɔːɹiə/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An excited state of joy; a feeling of intense happiness.
  • dysphoria
  • bad trip
Eurabia etymology {{blend}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A supposed future Europe taken over by radical Islam.
    • 2006, Hent de Vries, Lawrence Eugene Sullivan, Political theologies: public religions in a post-secular world Moreover, the fear of an emerging "Eurabia" ignores the vast economic and cultural differences between immigrant populations in the different European countries...
    • 2007, José Pedro Zúquete, Missionary politics in contemporary Europe Among those who connect the unfolding of Eurabia with a popular reaction that might bring back fascism to Europe is Canadian columnist Mark Steyn.
    • 2008, Olivier Roy, The politics of chaos in the Middle East Cultural Islam and the myth of Eurabia
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) The bureaucracy associated with the European Union.
Eurocrat etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) An employee or minister of the European Union, typically working in Brussels or Strasbourg.
Eurofag etymology {{confix}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A European who is pretentious, snobbish, and/or effeminate, or a non-European who emulates such people.
    • 1996, Matthew Rettenmund, Totally Awesome 80s The era that brought us Valley Girls and Eurofags, power suits and parachute pants, Rick Springfield and Samantha Fox, and the personal computer revolution...
    • 2000, Cintra Wilson, A massive swelling We must cease to find glamour in the mondo-expensivo Eurofag Gucci footwear camps, just because magazines tell us they're glamorous. We must learn to be more impressed by the dignified, esoteric details...
    • 2005, Carrie Karasyov, Jill Kargman, Wolves in chic clothing're getting ready to go out to another fucking charity ball you're dreading and you hear her on the phone talking to her pansy-ass Eurofag lover.
    • 2006, Jaffe Cohen, Tush And when Dennis Fairchild finally made his appearance at 1:30, arm in arm with Jean Paul and a coterie of Eurofag fashion models...
Eurofizz etymology Euro + fizz
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) Overly fizzy European beer.
Europessimism etymology Euro + pessimism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Pessimistic feelings about Europe, especially regarding economic crises in Western Europe in the 1970s.
    • 1990, Otto Hieronymi, Economic Policies for the New Hungary Today, "Europessimism" belongs to the past. European economies have been growing...
    • 1992, Wayne Sandholtz, The Highest Stakes: The Economic Foundations of the Next Security System The 1970s were therefore the era of Europessimism. Europe seemed unable to adjust to the changed circumstances of international growth and competition...
    • 1994, Geoffrey Pridham, Tatu Vanhanen, Democratization in Eastern Europe Today in the West, Europessimism is back in fashion where Eastern Europe is concerned.
  • Europhoria
Europhoria etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Positive feelings about European integration.
  • Europessimism
Europudding etymology Euro + pudding
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) A stolid, uninspiring film, song, etc. produced through European cooperation.
    • 2002, Stephen Walker, King of Cannes: a journey into the underbelly of the movies (page 122) I'm annoyed because … all these executives seem hell-bent on turning this film into some kind of horrible Europudding.
    • 2005, David Bordwell, Figures traced in light: on cinematic staging (page 267) After the Nouvelle Vague, and certainly after Fassbinder, Duras, and perhaps The Godfather, what was there left to respect? The multiplex and the summer locomotive picture; the Europuddings and hyphenate productions that had neither local flavor nor radical ambitions…
    • 2008, Barbara J. Selznick, Global television: co-producing culture (page 23) A classic example of Europudding is described by a German television executive: I saw a German/Italian/French co-production. It involved three hour-long programs. A German girl went to Italy and met a young Italian. They fell in love.
Eurosclerosis {{wikipedia}} etymology Euro + sclerosis, by analogy with the medical condition.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The European economic pattern of the 1980s of high unemployment and slow job creation in spite of overall economic growth, in contrast to the success of the United States at that time.
Eurospeak Alternative forms: Euro-speak etymology From Euro + speak.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory or satirical) An English language register used by European Union civil servants and politicians, often considered confusing or unnecessarily complex.
evaluativism etymology From evaluative + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{rfv-sense}} (pejorative) Discrimination against evaluative diversity through segregation, prejudice, or disregard of people with differing values.
    • {{quote-book }}
  2. (epistemology) The belief that certain disagreements (even about facts) ultimately stem from differing values, and therefore cannot be resolved as factual disagreements.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
quotations: {{seecites}}
  • (epistemology) factualism
coordinate terms:
  • ableism
  • ageism
  • apartheid
  • chauvinism
  • classism
  • heterosexism
  • racism
  • sexism
  • The belief that young people and women have certain values (e.g., inclined to take risks and get emotional) perpetuates stereotypes that do not apply to all young people or all women, so ageism and sexism are listed as coordinate terms, rather than as hyponyms. Whether religionism is a hyponym might be controversial.
  • bigotry
  • xenophobia
  • fanaticism
  • moralism
  • politicalism
  • triumphalism
evangelistic etymology From evangelist + -ic. pronunciation
  • /ɪˌvænd͡ʒəˈlɪstɪk/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to evangelism or evangelists; spreading the gospel.
  2. Pertaining to the Evangelical school.
  3. (colloquial) Characterised by enthusiasm and a desire to communicate belief. I was pretty evangelistic about the merits of working in a small team.
related terms:
  • evangelistically
evar pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈɛvɑɹ/, /ˈɛvɚ/
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (Internet slang, humorous) ever at any time That was the best party evar!!1!!!1!
  • aver, AVRE, rave, vera, Vera
even {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈiːvən/
  • (US) /ˈivən/, /ˈivn̩/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
etymology 1 From Middle English, from Old English efen, efn, emn, from Proto-Germanic *ebnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)emno- 〈*(h₁)emno-〉. Cognate with Western Frisian even, Low German even, Dutch even, effen, German eben, Danish jævn, Swedish jämn, Icelandic jafn, jamn, oco eun (attested in Vocabularium Cornicum eun-hinsic), obt eun (attested in Eutychius Glossary eunt), xbm effn, Breton eeun, Sanskrit अस्नस् 〈asnas〉. The traditional proposal connecting the Germanic adjective with the root Proto-Indo-European *(H)aim-, *h₂eim- 〈*h₂eim-〉, *(H)iem- (Latin imāgō, Latin aemulus, Sanskrit यमस् 〈yamas〉) is problematic from a phonological point of view.Schaffner, Stefan (2000). “Altindisch ''amnás'', urgermanisch *''eƀna-'', kelt. *''eμno-''.” In: ''Indoarisch, Iranisch und die Indogermanistik. Akten des Kolloquiums der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft vom 2. bis 5. Oktober 1997 in Erlangen'', Forssman, Bernhard & Plath, Robert (eds.), Wiesbaden, pp. 491–505. In German.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Flat and level. Clear out those rocks. The surface must be even.
  2. Without great variation. Despite her fear, she spoke in an even voice.
  3. Equal in proportion, quantity, size{{,}} etc. The distribution of food must be even.
  4. (not comparable, of an integer) Divisible by two. Four, fourteen and forty are even numbers.
  5. (of a number) Convenient for round other numbers to; for example, ending in a zero.
    • 1989, , Other People's Money, Act I: Coles. How many shares have you bought, Mr. Garfinkle? Garfinkle. One hundred and ninety-six thousand.… Jorgenson. … How'd you figure out to buy such an odd amount? Why not two hundred thousand — nice even number. Thought you liked nice even numbers.
    • 1998, , , chapter 8, 1999 paperback edition, ISBN 0060930934, page 253 : He put me on the scale in my underwear and socks: 82 pounds.… I left, humming all day long, remembering that once upon a time my ideal weight had been 84, and now I'd even beaten that. I decided 80 was a better number, a nice even number to be.
  6. On equal monetary term; neither owing or being owed.
  7. (colloquial) On equal terms of a moral sort; quits. You biffed me back at the barn, and I biffed you here—so now we're even.
  8. parallel; on a level; reaching the same limit
    • Bible, Luke xix. 44 And shall lay thee even with the ground.
  9. (obsolete) Without an irregularity, flaw, or blemish; pure.
    • Shakespeare I know my life so even.
  10. (obsolete) Associate; fellow; of the same condition.
    • Wyclif (Matt.) His even servant.
  • Because of confusion with the "divisible by two" sense, use of to mean "convenient for rounding" is rare; the synonym round is more common.
Synonyms: (flat and level) flat, level, uniform, (without great variation) monotone (voice), (convenient for rounding) round, (On equal monetary terms) quits (colloquial)
  • (flat and level) uneven
  • (of an integer) odd
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make flat and level. We need to even this playing field; the west goal is too low.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh His temple Xerxes evened with the soil.
    • Evelyn It will even all inequalities.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To equal.
    • Fuller to even him in valour
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To be equal. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To place in an equal state, as to obligation, or in a state in which nothing is due on either side; to balance, as accounts; to make quits. {{rfquotek}}
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To set right; to complete.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To act up to; to keep pace with. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 From Old English efen.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (archaic) Exactly, just, fully. exampleI fulfilled my instructions even as I had promised.&emsp; {{nowrap}}&emsp; {{nowrap}}
  2. Implying an extreme example in the case mentioned, as compared to the implied reality. exampleEven a blind squirrel finds an acorn sometimes.&emsp; {{nowrap}}&emsp; {{nowrap}}
  3. Emphasizing a comparative. exampleI was strong before; but now I am even stronger.
  4. (ironic) Signalling a correction of one's previous utterance. Rather. exampleMy favorite actor is Jack Nicklaus. Jack Nicholson, even.
etymology 3 From Middle English even, from Old English ǣfen, from Proto-Germanic *ēbanþs. Cognate with Dutch avond, Low German Avend, German Abend, Danish aften. See also the related terms eve and evening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic or poetic) Evening.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Matthew ch. 8: When the even was come they brought unto him many that were possessed with devylles [...].
Synonyms: e'en (archaic), evening
related terms:
  • eve
  • evening
  • {{rank}}
  • eevn
  • névé
etymology 1 From Old English ǣfnung, from æfnian < æfen (from Proto-Germanic *ēbanþs), corresponding to even (Etymology 3) + -ing. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈiːvnɪŋ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The time of the day between dusk and night, when it gets dark.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. The time of the day between the approximate time of midwinter dusk and midnight (compare afternoon); the period after the end of regular office working hours.
    • {{RQ:WBsnt IvryGt}} At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors.…In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell , chapter 2, [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , That the young Mr. Churchills liked—but they did not like him coming round of an evening and drinking weak whisky-and-water while he held forth on railway debentures and corporation loans. Mr Barrett, however, by fawning and flattery, seemed to be able to make not only Mrs. Churchill but everyone else do what he desired.”
  3. (figuratively) A concluding time period; a point in time near the end of something; the beginning of the end of something. exampleIt was the evening of the Roman Empire.
related terms:
  • eve
  • even
etymology 2 Inflected forms. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈiːvənɪŋ/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of even
  • {{rank}}
even-steven etymology Possibly reduplicating rhyme from even. See also steven (slang)
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) Equal; fair.
related terms:
  • even-stevens
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) Equally; fairly.
ever {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English evere, from Old English ǣfre, originally a phrase whose first element undoubtedly consists of Old English ā "ever, always" + in "in" + an element possibly from fēore (nominative feorh) "life, existence". Compare Old English ā tō fēore "ever in life", Old English feorhlīf. Alternative forms: euer (obsolete) pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈɛvə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈɛvɚ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Always. exampleIt was ever thus.
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron;{{nb...}}. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and from time to time squinting sideways, as usual, in the ever-renewed expectation that he might catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
  2. At any time. exampleIf that ever happens, we’re in deep trouble.&emsp; {{nowrap}} 〈If that ever happens, we’re in deep trouble.&emsp; {{nowrap}}
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 3 , “Now all this was very fine, but not at all in keeping with the Celebrity's character as I had come to conceive it. The idea that adulation ever cloyed on him was ludicrous in itself. In fact I thought the whole story fishy, and came very near to saying so.”
  3. In any way. exampleHow can I ever get there in time?
  4. (informal) As intensifier. exampleWas I ever glad to see you!&emsp; Did I ever!&emsp; {{nowrap}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (epidemiology) Occurring at any time, occurring even but once during a timespan.
    • 1965, Reuben Hill, The family and population control: a Puerto Rican experiment in social change This family empathy measure is highly related to ever use of birth control but not to any measure of continuous use.
  • {{rank}}
  • veer
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, dated, humorous) Any home-brewed grain alcohol, especially one with a dangerously high (chemically unstable) concentration of pure alcohol.
Synonyms: home-brew jet-fuel, jet fuel
evergreen etymology From ever + green pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɛvəɡriːn/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /ˈɛvɚɡrin/
adjective: {{en-adj}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. Of plants, especially trees, that do not shed their leaves seasonally.
    • 1902: Henry Van Dyke, The Blue Flower ...these three little creeping vines put forth their hands with joy, and spread over rock and hillock and twisted tree-root and mouldering log, in cloaks and scarves and wreaths of tiny evergreen, glossy leaves.
  2. Continually fresh or self-renewing; often used metaphorically.
  3. Of a document or dataset, continually up-to-date (as opposed to being published at regular intervals and being slightly outdated in-between those publication dates)
  4. (broadcasting) Suitable for transmission at any time; not urgent or time-dependent.
    • 2001, Christopher H Sterling, John M Kittross, Stay Tuned (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 2001, p. 654) Another change in the news was emphasis on “evergreen” features involving attractive children or animals, parades or fireworks, as well as local developments.
  • (of plants, that do not shed their leaves) deciduous
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A tree or shrub that does not shed its leaves or needle seasonally.
  2. (informal) More specifically, a conifer tree.
    • 1858: Henry David Thoreau, The Maine Woods The spruce and fir trees crowded to the track on each side to welcome us, the arbor- vitae, with its changing leaves, prompted us to make haste, and the sight of the canoe-birch gave us spirits to do so. Sometimes an evergreen just fallen lay across the track with its rich burden of cones, looking, still, fuller of life than our trees in the most favorable positions.
    • 1958: Chuck Berry, Johnny B. Goode Deep down in Louisiana, close to New Orleans, Way back up in the woods among the evergreens, There stood a log cabin made of earth and wood Where lived a country boy named Johnny B. Goode
  3. (colloquial) A news story that can be published or broadcast at any time.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (patents, pharmaceuticals) To extend the term of a patent beyond the normal legal limit, usually through repeated small modifications.
  2. (banking) To set the repayment rate of a loan at or below the interest rate, so low that the principal will never be repaid.
everlasting etymology From ever + lasting. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Lasting or enduring forever; existing or continuing without end; immortal; eternal.
    • {{rfdate}}, Book of Genesis xx1. 33 The Everlasting God.
  2. Continuing indefinitely, or during a long period; perpetual; sometimes used, colloquially, as a strong intensive. examplethis everlasting nonsense
    • {{rfdate}}, Book of Genesis xvii. 8 I will give to thee, and to thy seed after thee…the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession.
    • {{rfdate}}, Alexander Pope (1688-1744) And heard thy everlasting yawn confess / The pains and penalties of idleness.
  3. (philosophy) Existing with infinite temporal duration (as opposed to existence outside of time).
  4. (colloquial) Extremely.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 10 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “The Jones man was looking at her hard. Now he reached into the hatch of his vest and fetched out a couple of cigars, everlasting big ones, with gilt bands on them.”
  • Everlasting, Eternal. Eternal denotes (when taken strictly) without beginning or end of duration; everlasting is sometimes used in our version of the Scriptures in the sense of eternal, but in modern usage is confined to the future, and implies no intermission as well as no end. Whether we shall meet again I know not; Therefore our everlasting farewell take; Forever, and forever farewell, Cassius. -William Shakespeare
Synonyms: eternal, immortal, interminable, endless, never-ending, infinite, unlimited, unceasing, uninterrupted, continual, unintermitted, incessant, (existing with infinite temporal duration) sempiternal
  • (of a short life) ephemeral
  • (existing or continuing without end) finite, limited, mortal
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An everlasting flower.
    • 1974, GB Edwards, The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, New York 2007, p. 313: ‘It is true perhaps it is too late now for you to look like a rose; but you can always look like an everlasting.’
  2. A cloth fabric for shoe, etc.
{{Webster 1913}}
everliving etymology ever + living
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Which live or continue forever; immortal; everlasting.
  2. (by extension) Which will never be forgotten.
  3. Of or relating to immortality.
    • ...a priest of the eternal imagination, transmuting the daily bread of experience into the radiant body of everliving life - James Joyce (1916, from: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man)
  4. (slang) Generic intensifier.
    • Dewey shrinks back, thinking, This guy's about to come across this desk, beat the everliving shit out of me. - James Hime, 2003 What the holy everliving fuck was he talking about? - Michael Vaughn, 2002 Fight it—fight it with all my might—and I was getting the everliving hell beaten out of me! - Susan Powter, 1997
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. That which is living forever.
    • In fact, the everliving differs from the eternal. - Brian Copenhaver and Trismegistus Hermes, 1995 Be aware you are, and discover the everliving. - Osho, 1998 Lucifer and his followers among the Everliving manifested the beauty of God. - Alfred Hamilton, 2000
everloving etymology ever + loving
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. which love unceasingly or unconditionally I am, as always, your everloving servant. Above all else, focus the gaze of your heart on the ever-living, everloving, everlasting Christ Himself - J. Sidlow Baxter, 1994
  2. Of or relating to one who is everloving (1), or to everlasting love Under his everloving guidance and inspiration a number of humanitarian activities were initiated at Poona - Swami Jyotirmayananda, 1986 We have lost an understanding of our one common vocation: to grow into an everloving relationship with God and thereby with our true selves,..." - John Westerhoff, 2000
  3. which is love unceasingly My everloving vodka's tucked away in my backpack, and maybe Cherry'll bring some weed and I can do all kinds of messing around. - Martha O'Connor, 2005 ...while her hands slid down to envelop his bulbous underpart, massaging the warm, moist, flaccid skin nested there with those everloving golden curls,... - Pamela Beck and Patti Massman, 1988 There was days I'd walk by him in his chair in front of his everloving TV set and I'd think, ‘Well, now, what if Harland was to die on me?' - Barbara Kingsolver, 1999
  4. (slang) Generic intensifier. What the everloving fuck?! Holy everloving shit! You're out of your everloving mind! The fact is, Albert Grubb had an everloving, gut-twisting need to go home. - Joseph Wambaugh, 1983 Well, what everloving else was there to do in this hellhole? - Albert Grey, 1989
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. one who is unceasingly love by another I kissed her, a little more than dutifully, as a man will kiss his everloving after a couple of nights of absence. - Author unknown, 1938 You're an everloving. - Will Greene, date unknown, ISBN 0822209551 hastily swung towards the curb, halted by the shop the everloving indicated. - Author unknown, 1925 ...register to the fact that his everloving has taken a walkout powder." - Ann Head, 1967
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang) Generic intensifier. Didn't have time yesterday, you run off so everloving early. - Rilla Askew, 1997
every Alternative forms: ev’ry (poetic), euery (obsolete) pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɛv.ɹi/, /ˈɛv.ə.ɹi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
etymology From Middle English every, everich, which is made up of Old English ǣfre + ǣlċ: thus equivalent to ever + each. Furthermore, ǣfre itself comes from ā in feorh ("ever in life"), and ǣlċ from ā ġelīċ ("ever alike").
determiner: {{en-det}}
  1. All of a countable group, without exception. exampleEvery person in the room stood and cheered.
    • {{RQ:WBsnt IvryGt}} At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors.…In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 5 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. Used with ordinal number to denote those items whose position is divisible by the corresponding cardinal number, or a portion of equal size to that set. exampleEvery third bead was red, and the rest were blue.&nbsp; The sequence was thus red, blue, blue, red, blue, blue etc. exampleDecimation originally meant the execution of every tenth soldier in a unit.
Synonyms: each, (slang) e'ry
  • no
  • {{rank}}
  • veery
  • verye
everyday etymology every + day pronunciation
  • /ˈɛvɹiˌdeɪ/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. appropriate for ordinary use, rather than for special occasion
    • 1906, , , Chapter 4: The engine-burglar, When they had gone, Bobbie put on her everyday frock, and went down to the railway.
  2. commonplace, ordinary
    • 2010, Malcolm Knox, The Monthly, April 2010, Issue 55, The Monthly Ptd Ltd, page 42: Although it is an everyday virus, there is something about influenza that inspires awe.
Synonyms: mundane, quotidian, routine, unremarkable, workaday
adverb: {{head}}
  1. misspelling of every day
When describing the frequency of an event, it is considered correct to separate the individual words: every hour, every day, every week, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare) the ordinary or routine day or occasion
everyplace etymology every + place
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (US, informal) Everywhere.
pronoun: {{en-pronoun}}
  1. (slang) everything
related terms:
  • thang
everything {{wikipedia}} etymology every + thing pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈɛvɹiˌθɪŋ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rfp}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. (literally) All the thing under discussion.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 4 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “I told him about everything I could think of; and what I couldn't think of he did. He asked about six questions during my yarn, but every question had a point to it. At the end he bowed and thanked me once more. As a thanker he was main-truck high; I never see anybody so polite.”
    exampleWe had a great dinner - everything was delicious. exampleI checked the list again and everything is done. exampleThank you for everything you did for us.
  2. (colloquial) Many or most thing. exampleA: What do you want to do at the amusement park?<br>B: ''Everything! exampleI did everything today - washed the dishes, cut the lawn, did the laundry.
  3. (colloquial) A state of well-being (from all part of the whole). exampleShe wasn't feeling well this morning but now everything is fine. exampleSince the company lost its best customer everything has gotten worse.
Synonyms: all
  • nothing
related terms:
  • anything
  • every
  • everybody
  • everyone
  • everywhere
  • nothing
  • something
  • {{rank}}
every time Alternative forms: everytime
adverb: {{head}}
  1. At each occasion that. Every time I see you, it makes me happy.
  2. (informal, idiomatic) Used to express a strong preference for something. You can keep your wine — give me beer every time! If I had the choice between going to work and staying at home, I'd pick staying at home every time.
Synonyms: (at each occasion that) each time, whenever
  • (at each occasion that) never
everywhere etymology every + where pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɛv.ɹi.(h)weə(ɹ)/
  • (US) /ɛv.ɹi.(h)wɛɹ/
  • {{audio}}
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. In or to all location under discussion.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleHe delivers the mail everywhere on this street. exampleWe went everywhere at the school - we talked to all the teachers in their classrooms.
  2. (colloquial) In or to a few or more locations. exampleWe went to Europe last year and went everywhere: Berlin, Paris, London, and Madrid. exampleWhen I shop for shoes, I like to look everywhere. exampleI've looked everywhere in the house and still can't find my glasses.
  • nowhere
related terms:
  • anywhere
  • everybody, everyone
  • everything
  • every which where
  • nowhere
  • somewhere
every which where
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) A more emphatic version of everywhere

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