The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


evil {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old English yfel, from Proto-Germanic *ubilaz (compare Saterland Frisian eeuwel, Dutch euvel, Low German Övel, German übel), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂upélos 〈*h₂upélos〉, diminutive of *h₂wep- 〈*h₂wep-〉 (compare Hittite huwappi 'to mistreat, harass', huwappa 'evil, badness').{{rfscript}}, or alternatively from *upélos, from Proto-Indo-European *upo, *up, *eup. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈiːvəl/, /ˈiːvɪl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Intending to harm; malevolent. Do you think that companies that engage in animal testing are evil?
  2. Morally corrupt. an evil plot to kill innocent people
    • Shakespeare Ah, what a sign it is of evil life, / When death's approach is seen so terrible.
  3. Unpleasant. {{rfex}}
  4. Producing or threatening sorrow, distress, injury, or calamity; unpropitious; calamitous.
    • Bible, Deuteronomy xxii. 19 He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel.
    • Shakespeare The owl shrieked at thy birth — an evil sign.
    • Milton Evil news rides post, while good news bait.
  5. (obsolete) Having harmful qualities; not good; worthless or deleterious. an evil beast; an evil plant; an evil crop
    • Bible, Matthew vii. 18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit.
  6. (computing, programming, slang) undesirable; harmful; bad practice Global variables are evil; storing processing context in object member variables allows those objects to be reused in a much more flexible way.
Synonyms: nefarious, malicious, malevolent, See also
  • good
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. Moral badness; wickedness; malevolence; the forces or behaviors that are the opposite or enemy of good.
    • Bible, Ecclesiastes. ix. 3 The heart of the sons of men is full of evil.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 16 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “The preposterous altruism too!…Resist not evil. It is an insane immolation of self—as bad intrinsically as fakirs stabbing themselves or anchorites warping their spines in caves scarcely large enough for a fair-sized dog.”
    exampleThe evils of society include murder and theft. exampleEvil lacks spirituality, hence its need for mind control.
  2. Anything which impairs the happiness of a being or deprives a being of any good; anything which causes suffering of any kind to sentient beings; injury; mischief; harm.
    • John Milton evils which our own misdeeds have wrought
    • William Shakespeare The evil that men do lives after them.
  3. (obsolete) A malady or disease; especially in the phrase king's evil (scrofula).
    • {{rfquotek}}
    • Addison He [Edward the Confessor] was the first that touched for the evil.
  • good
  • {{rank}}
  • Levi, live, veil, vile, vlei
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of evil
  2. (slang) the evil eye Don't go giving me evils!
  • Elvis, Levis, Levi's, lives, slive, veils, vleis
evilution etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, pejorative, often humorous) Evolutionary theory viewed as something detrimental to human society.
Used by or in reference to anti-evolutionists who reject evolution on religious and moral grounds.
evilutionist etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, nonstandard, derogatory) A supporter of the theory of evolution, regarded as an enemy of religion.
    • 1951, Charles Francis Potter, The Preacher and I: An Autobiography (page 319) In several large cities I was asked to address secret midnight meetings of high school teachers who feared to lose their jobs if seen consorting with an "evilutionist."
    • 1978, James Edward Sayer, Clarence Darrow: public advocate (page 64) Originally seen as a great opportunity to do irreparable damage to religious modernists and "evilutionists," the fundamentalists found, instead, that it was they who were injured by the Scopes trial.
    • 2000, Ron Carlson, Common Sense, Nonsense, Or Church Sense (page 112) I is{{SIC}} suspicious that many contemporary evilutionists cling to their theory with such tenacity because they don't want to deal with the Ultimate Reality or Truth.
    • 2002, Brian Regal, Henry Fairfield Osborn (page 173) The Christian Right too must have felt quizzical gratitude for this 'evilutionist' who, as they did, said man did not come from monkeys.
evo-devo pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ˌiːvəʊˈdiːvəʊ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) abbreviation of evolutionary developmental biology
ex pronunciation
  • /ɛks/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
  2. (colloquial) An ex-husband, ex-wife or ex-partner. She broke up with her ex.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To delete; to cross out
  • {{rank}}
  • xe
exactamundo etymology exact + amundo as an intensifier. Popularized by the character Fonzie on the sitcom Happy Days.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (slang) exactly
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
exact same
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Same, exact the same, same exact. They both did the exact same things in the exact same way.
  • same exact
exam pronunciation
  • /ɪɡˈzæm/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) form of Shortened form especially when meaning test or in compound terms.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  • AmEx
exasperate pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To frustrate, vex, provoke, or annoy; to make angry.
    • {{circa}} , Macbeth, act 3, sc. 6: this report Hath so exasperate the king that he Prepares for some attempt of war.
    • 1851, , Moby Dick, ch. 3: The picture represents a Cape-Horner in a great hurricane; the half-foundered ship weltering there with its three dismantled masts alone visible; and an exasperated whale, purposing to spring clean over the craft, is in the enormous act of impaling himself upon the three mast-heads.
    • 1853, , Bleak House, ch. 11: Beadle goes into various shops and parlours, examining the inhabitants; always shutting the door first, and by exclusion, delay, and general idiotcy, exasperating the public.
    • 1987, "Woman of the Year: Corazon Aquino," Time, 5 Jan: [S]he exasperates her security men by acting as if she were protected by some invisible shield.
    • 2007, "Loyal Mail," Times Online (UK), 4 June (retrieved 7 Oct 2010): News that Adam Crozier, Royal Mail chief executive, is set to receive a bumper bonus will exasperate postal workers.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Exasperated; embittered. {{rfquotek}}
    • Elizabeth Browning Like swallows which the exasperate dying year / Sets spinning.
excellent {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French excellent, from Latin excellēns, present participle of excellō Formed of portions excel and -ent pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈɛksələnt/, /ˈɛksɪlnt/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of the highest quality; splendid.
    • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire.
  2. Exceptionally good of its kind.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  3. Superior in kind or degree, irrespective of moral quality.
    • David Hume (1711-1776) an excellent hypocrite
    • Beaumont and Fletcher (1603-1625) Their sorrows are most excellent.
Synonyms: See also
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (obsolete) Excellently.
    • {{RQ:RBrtn AntmyMlncly}}, New York Review Books 2001, p.287: Lucian, in his tract de Mercede conductis, hath excellent well deciphered such men's proceedings in his picture of Opulentia […].
  • {{rank}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) excellent
exchange rate {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (economics, finance) The amount of one currency that a person or institution defines as equivalent to another when either buy or sell it at any particular moment
  2. (economics, finance) The rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another, usually expressed as the value of the one in terms of the other.
Exclusioner etymology exclusion + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical, pejorative) A member of the political faction that sought to exclude James, Duke of York from the throne of England in the 17th century.
Synonyms: Tory (derogatory)
excuse me
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (US) Said as a request to repeat information.
  2. Said as a request for an individual's attention.
  3. Said as a request to pass.
  4. Sorry, as an apology.
  5. Said as a request for an apology.
Synonyms: (request to repeat) I beg your pardon?, pardon?, I'm sorry?, come again?, sorry? (UK)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An old fashioned type of dance where partners constantly changed.
exec etymology Shortening of executive
noun: {{head}}
  1. (informal) executive, executive officer
adjective: {{wikipedia}} {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a person, potentially offensive) Having formerly been gay (homosexual), but no longer being so.
  2. (of a person) Having formerly identified as gay, but no longer identifying as so.
  3. Of or pertaining to (purportedly) ex-gay people.
  • This term is controversial, because it is controversial whether a person can cease to be gay. This controversy hinges partly on whether there exists a psychological attribute of sexual orientation, or only homosexual behavior (since if “gay” means only “engaging in sex with same-sex partners”, then certainly a person can stop doing so); it also hinges, if there does exist such a psychological attribute, on whether it can change. In either case, use of the term frequently implies a belief that a person can cease to be gay, and perhaps that gay people should cease to be gay; it therefore risks offending gay people who do not share that belief.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (especially in plural) An ex-gay person.
  • See the usage notes for the adjective (above).
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, chemistry) Describing chemistry demonstration that are visually exciting for students
expat Alternative forms: ex-pat etymology Apocope of expatriate. pronunciation
  • /ˈɛksˌpæt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An expatriate; a person who lives outside his or her own country.
expatriate {{wikipedia}} etymology From French expatrier, from ex- + patrie pronunciation
  • Adjective and noun: /ɛksˈpætrɪɪt/, /ɛksˈpeɪ.tɹi.ɪt/
  • Verb: /ɛksˈpætrɪˌeɪt/, /ɛksˈpeɪ.tɹiˌeɪt/
  • {{hyphenation}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, or relating to, people who are expatriates.
    • an expatriate mailing list
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who lives outside one’s own country.
  2. One who has been banished from one’s own country.
Synonyms: émigré, outland
related terms:
  • inpatriate
  • repatriate
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To banish; to drive or force (a person) from his own country; to make an exile of.
  2. (intransitive) To withdraw from one’s native country.
  3. (intransitive) To renounce the rights and liabilities of citizenship where one is born and become a citizen of another country.
related terms:
  • repatriate
  • patriate
expectation etymology From Middle French expectation, from Latin exspectātiō, from exspectō; synchronically analyzable as expect + ation. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɛkspɛkˈteɪʃən/
  • {{audio}} {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act or state of expecting or looking forward to an event as about to happen.
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron;{{nb...}}. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, and from time to time squinting sideways, as usual, in the ever-renewed expectation that he might catch a glimpse of his stiff, retroussé moustache.
  2. That which is expected or looked for.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, [ “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days], Ep./1/1 , “And so it had always pleased M. Stutz to expect great things from the dark young man whom he had first seen in his early twenties ; and his expectations had waxed rather than waned on hearing the faint bruit of the love of Ivor and Virginia—for Virginia, M. Stutz thought, would bring fineness to a point in a man like Ivor Marlay,{{nb...}}.”
  3. The prospect of the future; grounds upon which something excellent is expected to occur; prospect of anything good to come, especially of property or rank.
    • 1816, Jane Austen, , Vol.1 Ch.7: Emma was not sorry to be pressed. She read, and was surprized. The style of the letter was much above her expectation. There were not merely no grammatical errors, but as a composition it would not have disgraced a gentleman; the language, though plain, was strong and unaffected, and the sentiments it conveyed very much to the credit of the writer. It was short, but expressed good sense, warm attachment, liberality, propriety, even delicacy of feeling. She paused over it, while Harriet stood anxiously watching for her opinion, with a "Well, well," and was at last forced to add, "Is it a good letter? or is it too short?"
  4. The value of any chance (as the prospect of prize or property) which depends upon some contingent event.
  5. (statistics) The first moment; the long-run average value of a variable over many independent repetitions of an experiment.
  6. (colloquial statistics) The arithmetic mean.
  7. (medicine, rare) The leaving of a disease principally to the efforts of nature to effect a cure.
  • (value of any chance) Expectations are computed for or against the occurrence of the event.
Synonyms: (colloquial statistics, arithmetic mean) arithmetic mean; average
related terms:
  • expect
  • expectant
  • expected
expensive drunk
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, informal) Someone who must drink a lot of alcohol in order to get intoxicated.
  • cheap drunk
explicit etymology First attested 1609, from French explicite, from Latin explicitus, an alternative form of the past participle of explico, from ex- + plicō. Pornographic sense is from 1971. pronunciation
  • /ɪkˈsplɪsɪt/ {{enPR}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Very specific, clear, or detail. I gave explicit instructions for him to stay here, but he followed me, anyway.
  2. (euphemism) Containing material (e.g. language or film footage) that might be deemed offensive or graphic. The film had several scenes including explicit language and sex.
  3. (obsolete) Used at the conclusion of a book to indicate the end.
Synonyms: (very specific, clear) express, manifest, overt, (containing offensive material) raunchy
  • (very specific, clear) implicit, unexplicit, vague
  • (containing offensive material) circumspect
related terms: {{rel-top3}}
  • explicate
  • explication
  • explicator
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Explosive; tending to explode.
    • 2009, Jen Lancaster, Pretty in Plaid, p. 127: The show will be just like Woodstock, only, you know, more explodey.
    • 2007, Charles Stross, Halting State, p. 319: The display has little explodey pink love-hearts twinkling and falling to either side of the multi-coloured numbers.
    • 2005, Katie Maxwell, Life, Love, and the Pursuit of Hotties‎, p. 109: I patted Fang's sides for his spleen, wondering just what I was going to do if I could feel it all swollen and explodey and stuff.
    • 2004, Kaz Cooke, Kid Wrangling: Real Guide to Caring for Babies, Toddlers, and Little Kids‎, p. 151: The first sleep through is often a big surprise to the parents, especially a breastfeeding mom with explodey-feeling boobs.
    • 1907, Eleanor Gates, Cupid, the Cow-Punch, p. 48: Somehow, though, as the parson come 'long- side the post-office, most anybody wouldn't 'a' liked the way thinks looked. You could sorta smell somethin' explodey.
explodingly etymology From exploding + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) In a manner that would cause an explosion
exploitation {{wikipedia}} etymology Borrowing from French exploitation. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of exploiting or utilizing.
related terms:
  • exploit
  • exploitable
exploitationer etymology exploitation + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An exploitation film.
    • {{quote-news}}
explornography etymology {{blend}}, coined by columnist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, humorous) A fascination with historic exploration, particularly by reenact them.
    • 1998, John Tierney, “Explornography: The Vicarious thrill of Exploring When There's Nothing Left to Explore”, The New York Times Magazine, July 26, section 6, page 18+ Age of Exploration has been succeeded by the Age of Explornography
    • 1999 March, Michael J. Wolf, The Entertainment Economy: How Mega-media Forces are Transforming Our Lives, page 169, Times Books The success of Outside magazine and its ability to generate blockbuster books such as The Perfect Storm, Into Thin Air, and the IMAX film Everest reflect an “explornography” trend of vicariously breaking free of civilization by entering into the natural world at its most capricious and violent.
    • 2002 March, Elizabeth Haiken, Artificial Parts, Practical Lives (multiple authors), page 171, NYU Press A core sample taken from the refuse pile reveals...Gore-Tex, that miracle fiber of “explornography”, then, a layer of Teflon and several layers of silicone solids
    • 2006 January, Peter Charles Hoffer, Sensory Worlds in Early America, page 12, Johns Hopkins University Press Re-enactors are the ultimate “explornographers”—voyueristic seekers of long-lost explorer’s experiences.
explosive etymology From Latin explosus, stem of the perfect passive participle of explodō + the suffix -ive.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Explosive substance.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. With the capability to, or likely to, explode.
  2. Having the character of an explosion. explosive fire
  3. (slang) Easily driven to anger, usually with reference to a person. He has an explosive personality.
related terms:
  • explode
expression {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle French, from ll expressiō. pronunciation
  • /ɪkˈspɹɛʃ.ən/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A particular way of phrasing an idea.
  2. A colloquialism or idiom. exampleThe expression "break a leg!" should not be taken literally.
  3. A facial appearance usually associated with an emotion. exampleThey stared at the newcomer with a puzzled expression. exampleThe best poker players can tell if the opponents have a good hand by looking at their expression. exampleHer expression changed from joy to misery after realising her winning lottery ticket had expired.
  4. (mathematics) An arrangement of symbols denoting values, operations performed on them, and grouping symbols.
  5. (biology) The process of translating a gene into a protein.
  6. (programming) A piece of code in a high-level language that returns a value.
  7. Of a mother, the process of express milk.
hyponyms: {{hyp-top}}
  • arithmetic expression
  • immediately-invoked function expression
  • linguistic expression
  • logical expression
  • regular expression
  • s-expression
related terms:
  • expression pedal
  • {{rank}}
exsqueeze me
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (humorous) Excuse me.
    • 1999, Duncan McLean, Blackden And a bit of peace and quiet to eat it in, after all the din, ken. I picked up my tea and walked away. Exsqueeze me for breathing! Ronaldson said behind me.
    • 1999, John Farrow, City of Ice Exsqueeze me, but saying I don't have much to go on is a ridiculous understatement. Give me something to think about, Sel.
    • 2003, Mary-Ann Tirone Smith, She's Not There Oooh, exsqueeze me! What are those guys, totally clueless? We're supposed to get all hot and bothered over Massachusetts?
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An ex-stepfather, implying affection.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A ex-stepmother, implying affection.
extemp etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) extemporaneous speaking; a competitive event in school and college in which students speak persuasively or informatively about current events and politics
extemper etymology extemp + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) One who takes part in extemp.
extended vocabulary
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Use of off-color or obscene vocabulary; especially, four-letter word. "Hey, watch it with the extended vocabulary — there are children here."
extenuation Alternative forms: extenuacion {{defdate}} etymology An adaptation of , the oblique stem of the Latin extenuātiō, noun of action from extenuō. Equivalent to extenuate + ion. Compare the French exténuation. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɛksˌtɛnjʊˈeɪʃən/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable and uncountable) The action of extenuate; extenuated condition.
    1. The action or process of making or becoming thin; an instance of this; a shrunken condition; leanness, emaciation.
      • 1576, Baker, Jewell of Health, page 171 a: This mightily helpeth the extenuation of members.
      • 1655, Culpepper, Riverius, i.v.19: A yong man…had an extenuation for want of nourishment in his Limbs.
      • 1707, Floyer, Physic. Pulse-Watch, page 183: Galen commends tepid Baths for…curing all Extenuations.
      • 1781 October 27th, Johnson, Let. Mrs. Thrale: The extenuation is her only bad symptom.
      • 1825, Scott, Betrothed, xxx: The female…exhibited…some symptoms of extenuation.
      • 1828, Biog. in Ann. Reg., page 474/2: Some pallid from extenuation.
    2. (of air, obsolete) Making less dense; rarefaction.
      • 1655–60, Stanley, Hist. Philos. (1701), page 64/2: Winds proceed from extenuation of the Air, by the Sun.
    3. (obsolete) The action or process of making slender or diminish in bulk; an instance of this.
      • 1619, Donne, Serm. xiv, page 140: All Dilatation is some degree of Extenuation.
      • 1665, Sir T. Herbert, Trav. (1677), page 186: The Sea is the same at all seasons; what it gets by Rivers and showers, losing by exhalations and extenuations through the excessive heats…within the Torrid Zone.
      • 1777, Priestley, Matt. & Spir. (1782), volume I, chapter xix, page 229: Gregory the Great…says that God penetrates everything without extenuation.
    4. (obsolete) The action of making less or weak; and instance of this; a weaken, impoverishment. Also, mitigation (of blame or punishment).
      • 1542–3, Act 34–5 Hen. VIII, c. 18: The saide citie is much decaid…not a little to the extenuacion of that part of this realme.
      • 1596, Shaks., Henry IV, Part 1, act III, scene ii, 22: Such extenuation let me begge, As in reproofe of many Tales deuis’d…I may…Finde pardon on my true submission.
      • 1654, H. L’Estrange, Chas. I (1655), page 1: The gallantry of Henry’s heroique spirit tended somewhat to the…extenuation of Charles his glory.
      • 1707, Atterbury, Serm. v. (1723), volume II, page 159: What Deeds of Charity we have to alledge in Extenuation of our Punishment.
    5. The action of represent (something) as slight and trifling; underrate; an instance of this, a plea to this end; a modification in term.
      • 1614, Bp. Hall, Recoll. Treat., page 209: Sometimes…wee humble ourselves lower than there is cause…And no lesse well doth God take these submisse extenuations of our selves.
      • 1621, Burton, Anat. Mel., ii.i.iv.ii.228: Through their…extenuation [of their grievance], wretchedness and peevishness they undo themselves.
      • 1722, De Foe, Plague (1840), page 6: Many died of it every day, so that now all our extenuations abated.
      • 1859, Mill, Liberty ii. (1865), page 13/2: The utmost they allow is an extenuation of its absolute necessity.
      • 1873, A.V.S. Sligo (translator), R.F. Calixte (author), The Life of the Venerable Anna Maria Taigi, page 303: The simple matter-of-fact style of the narrative is, from its unobtrusive character, more adapted for spiritual reading than the views and generalisations, and prologetic extenuations of more recent biographers.
      1. (rhetoric, obsolete) A figure in which a term is used which, in contrast with the more fitting term it supplant, understate or seeks to diminish the significance of something.
        • 1589, Puttenham, Eng. Poesie iii. xix. (Arb.), page 227: We call him the Disabler or figure of Extenuation.
        • 1657, J. Smith, Myst. Rhet., page 56: When for extenuation sake we use a lighter and more easie word or terme then the matter requires.
        • 1706, in Phillips
        • 1823, in Crabb, Technol. Dict.
    6. The action of lessen, or seeking to lessen, the guilt of (an offence or fault) by allege partial excuse; and instance or means of doing this; a plea in mitigation of censure.
      • 1651, Hobbes, Leviath., ii., xxvii., page 156: Extenuation, by which the Crime, that seemed great, is made lesse.
      • ante 1674, Clarendon, Surv. Leviath. (1676), page 180: He…was to find excuses and extenuations for sins.
      • 1712, Addison, Spect., № 297, ¶ 1: Whatever may be said for the Extenuation of such Defects.
      • 1750, Johnson, Rambler, № 39, ¶ 7: It may be urged, in extenuation of this crime…that [etc.].
      • ante 1832, Bentham, Wks. (1843), volume I, page 174: The differences of castes…furnish a copious stock of extenuations…to different classes of offences.
      • 1839, Mackintosh, Eth. Philos., Wks. 1846, volume I, page 28: In extenuation of a noble error.
    7. (US, humorous, in the plural as “extenuations”) Thin garment.
      • 1881 May, G.W. Cable in Scribner’s Mag., page 23: They were clad in silken extenuations from the throat to the feet.
      • 1883 September 12th, Pall Mall G., page 2/2: One side wore…extenuations of a…green colour.
extra etymology Abbreviation of extraordinary. See also extra- pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈɛkstɹə/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Beyond what is due, usual, expect, or necessary; extraneous; additional; supernumerary. extra work; extra pay
  2. (dated) Extraordinarily good; superior.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) To an extraordinary degree. That day he ran to school extra fast.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (cricket) A run scored without the ball having hit the striker's bat - a wide, bye, leg bye or no ball; in Australia referred to as a sundry.
  2. An extra edition of a newspaper, which is printed outside of the normal printing cycle. Extra, extra! Read all about it!
  3. A supernumerary or walk-on in a film or play.
  4. Something of an extra quality or grade. {{rfex}}
extract the Michael
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, slang, humorous) to take the mickey
extracurricular etymology extra + curricular
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Outside of the normal curriculum of an educational establishment The students enjoy a number of extracurricular activities at weekends.
  2. Similarly outside of the normal duties of a job or profession
  3. (informal) extramarital
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (education) An activity outside the normal academic curriculum.
  2. (informal) An activity beyond official duties of a job or profession.
  3. (informal) An extramarital affair.
extreme sport {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any sport featuring speed, height, danger, a high level of physical exertion, highly specialized gear, or spectacular stunts. Base-jumping is called an extreme sport, but I think it should be called an insane sport.
Synonyms: action sport, adventure sport, adventurous sport
exy etymology Shortened from expensive + y. Alternative forms: exxy
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial, slang) Expensive.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • 2002, Huon Hooke, Ralph Kyte-Powell, The Penguin Good Australian Wine Guide 2001-2002, [http//|most+exxy%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22more|most+exxy%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=o0VLT4nWB6zEmQWL_Kj8DQ&redir_esc=y page 111], The BRL Hardy people have two ranges of wines bearing the Tintara name, the more exxy one with the name Tintara etched into the glass, and this cheaper line, Tintara Cellars.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
  • yex
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (UK, colloquial) the comedic magazine .
  2. (UK) The , a tourist attraction in London.
  3. A village in Suffolk, England.
  • yee
eye {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /aɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 From Middle English eye, ee, from Old English ēaġe, from Proto-Germanic *augô (compare Scots ee, Western Frisian each, Dutch oog, German Auge, Swedish öga), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃okʷ- 〈*h₃okʷ-〉, *h₃ekʷ- 〈*h₃ekʷ-〉 (compare Latin oculus, Lithuanian akìs, Church Slavic око 〈oko〉, Albanian sy, Ancient Greek ὀφθαλμός 〈ophthalmós〉, Armenian ակն 〈akn〉, Avestan , Sanskrit अक्षि 〈akṣi〉, Tocharian A ak). Related to ogle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An organ through which animal see.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, A Cuckoo in the Nest , 1, , “She was like a Beardsley Salome, he had said. And indeed she had the narrow eyes and the high cheekbone of that creature, and as nearly the sinuosity as is compatible with human symmetry. His wooing had been brief but incisive.”
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, The China Governess , 17, , “The face which emerged was not reassuring. It was blunt and grey, the nose springing thick and flat from high on the frontal bone of the forehead, whilst his eyes were narrow slits of dark in a tight bandage of tissue. ….”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    Bright lights really hurt my eyes.
  2. The visual sense. exampleThe car was quite pleasing to the eye, but impractical.
  3. Attention, notice. exampleThat dress caught her eye.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “In the eyes of Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke the apotheosis of the Celebrity was complete. The people of Asquith were not only willing to attend the house-warming, but had been worked up to the pitch of eagerness. The Celebrity as a matter of course was master of ceremonies.”
  4. The ability to notice what others might miss. exampleHe has an eye for talent.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 19 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “Nothing was too small to receive attention, if a supervising eye could suggest improvements likely to conduce to the common welfare. Mr. Gordon Burnage, for instance, personally visited dust-bins and back premises, accompanied by a sort of village bailiff, going his round like a commanding officer doing billets.”
  5. A meaningful stare or look. exampleShe was giving him the eye at the bar.   When the car cut her off, she gave him the eye.
  6. A private eye: a privately hired detective or investigator.
    • 2003, Erik Larson, , Random House, ISBN 0609608444, page 199 Far more annoying were the letters from parents of missing daughters and the private detectives who had begun showing up at his door. Independently of each other, the Cigrand and Conner families had hired “eyes” to search for their missing daughters.
  7. A hole at the blunt end of a needle through which thread is passed.
  8. A fitting consisting of a loop of metal or other material, suitable for receiving a hook or the passage of a cord or line.
  9. The relatively clear and calm center of a hurricane or other such storm.
  10. A mark on an animal, such as a peacock or butterfly, resembling a human eye.
  11. The dark spot on a black-eyed pea.
  12. A reproductive bud in a potato.
  13. (informal) The dark brown center of a black-eyed Susan flower.
  14. A loop forming part of anything, or a hole through anything, to receive a rope, hook, pin, shaft, etc. — e.g. at the end of a tie bar in a bridge truss; through a crank; at the end of a rope; or through a millstone.
  15. That which resembles the eye in relative importance or beauty.
    • {{rfdate}} William Shakespeare the very eye of that proverb
    • {{rfdate}} John Milton Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts
  16. Tinge; shade of colour.
    • {{rfdate}} Boyle Red with an eye of blue makes a purple.
  17. One of the hole in certain kinds of cheese.
  18. (architecture) The circle in the centre of a volute.
Synonyms: (loop of metal) eyelet, (ability to notice what others might miss) perceptiveness, See also
hyponyms: (An organ that is sensitive to light, by which means animals see) ocellus
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To observe carefully. After eyeing the document for an hour she decided not to sign it. They went out and eyed the new car one last time before deciding.
    • 1859, Fraser's Magazine (volume 60, page 671) Each downcast monk in silence takes / His place a newmade grave around, / Each one his brother sadly eying.
  2. To view something narrowly, as a document or a phrase in a document.
  3. To look at someone or something as if with the intent to do something with that person or thing.
  4. (obsolete) To appear; to look.
    • Shakespeare My becomings kill me, when they do not eye well to you.
etymology 2 Probably from a nye changing to an eye.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A brood. an eye of pheasants
  • {{rank}}
  • yee
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Something that causes surprise or disbelief.
related terms:
  • eyebrow-raising
eyefuck etymology eye + fuck
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) To fuck, in the amatory or violent senses, someone through visual contact.
    • 2005, Wendy Coakley-Thompson , Back to Life, Dafina Books, page 93 It's so funny to watch her eyefuck you from her chair, staring into your baby blue eyes with puppy dog sincerity.
    • 2005-03-11, Susan DiPlacido, 24/7, Zumaya Publications, page 426 I stand there and ante again, this time playing along with the roller, certain that the luck has to swing back my way as I eyefuck the dice to try and convince them of the same thing.
    • 2009-06-23, Mia Tyler, Creating Myself: How I Learned That Beauty Comes in All Shapes, Sizes, and Packages, Including Me, Simon and Schuster, page 112 If he was there, he got free coke and the chance to eyefuck pretty teenage girls.
    • 2009-10-27, Maria Lima, Blood Kin, Simon and Schuster Was every female pilot on my double-great-granny's payroll going to eyefuck the vampires?
eyegasm etymology eye + gasm
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A feeling of pleasure derived from a sight.
    • 2008, Jerry Washington Ward, The Katrina Papers: A Journal of Trauma and Recovery, Uno Press (2008), ISBN 9780972814331, page 86: You have been near the Grand Canyon. You did not have time during your last visit to Arizona to have the eyegasm of viewing this natural wonder.
  2. (informal) A sight that is a pleasure to behold.
    • 2006, Tim Phelps (with Sam Radoff), Up in Flames: The Art of Flame Painting, Motorbooks (2006), ISBN 9780760323342, page 85: "All I remember is those cars and the candy-red and pearl-white paint jobs. What an eyegasm."
  • {{seemoreCites}}
eyelash {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: eye-lash
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One of the hair which grow along the edge of eyelid.
Synonyms: cilium, lash
related terms:
  • eyebrow
  • eye candy
  • eye color
  • eyelid
  • eyeliner
  • eye make-up
  • eye music
  • eye pencil
  • eye ring
  • eyesight
  • eye shadow
eye sex Alternative forms: eye-sex
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) A lustful or sexually-charged glance exchanged between two people.
    • 1998, Cathie Linz, Too Sexy for Marriage, Harlequin (1998), ISBN 9781459274464, unnumbered page: Eye sex. She'd heard the phrase but never experienced it before. The look he gave her was smoldering, showing her that he found her attractive.
    • 2008, Rachel Gunn, Over on the East Side, Chipmunkpublishing (2008), ISBN 9781847476081, page 87: Our eyes met. Plain and simple we were having eye sex. If his eyes were a pool I could've drowned in them, sunk to the bottom never to come up for air.
    • 2010, Bill Cinque, The Amazing Adventures of a Marginally Successful Musician, iUniverse (2010), ISBN 9781440115677, page 97: We played it again and I watched as the bride danced with her new husband but had eye sex with Tommy from across the room.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Eye-talian Alternative forms: I-talian
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (chiefly, US, slang, eye dialect, derogatory) Italian, usually in reference to an Italian American or Italian American culture.
    • 1848, Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Judge Haliburton's Yankee Stories, page 175 No, sir, lose your colonies, and you'd have Eye-talian cities without their climate, Eye-talian lazaroni without their light hearts to sing over their poverty, (for the English can't sing a bit better nor bull frogs,) and worse than Eye-talian eruptions and volcanoes in politics, without the grandeur and sublimity of those in natur'.
    • 1918, Sidney McCall, Mary McNeil Fenollosa, Sunshine Beggars, Page 94 "She is brown as a chipmunk, and her eyes is as big and lovin' as them of the little Eye-talian girl you've been talkin' about." "It-talian, not Eye-talian, Phil corrected […]."
    • 1995, Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow, page 642 “Hey, Pensiero, ya know whut a Eye-talian submarine sounds like, on dat new sonar?"
The spelling represents a pronunciation of Italian with /aɪ/ rather than /ɪ/ or /ə/.
Eyetie etymology From Italian. Alternative forms: eye-tie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, dated, derogatory, ethnic slur) An Italian.
    • 1944, Lawson Glassop, We were the rats The only danger of gas from the Eyeties was when they breathed garlic on you.
    • 1944, Richard Baxter, Stand by to surface We got out to sea again, but it was not long before the Eyeties were on our track again.
    • 1986, Aidan Chambers, Dance on My Grave D'you think they're Eyeties? Supposed to be great lovers...
Synonyms: (person of Italian descent) dago, (person of Italian descent) goombah, (person of Italian descent) greaseball, (person of Italian descent) guido, (person of Italian descent) guinea, (person of Italian descent) wog, (person of Italian descent) wop
eye tooth {{wikipedia}} etymology From their position under the eyes ("eye-tooth" entry, Oxford English Dictionary Online. Oxford University Press. 1989). Alternative forms: eyetooth, give an eye-tooth
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A canine tooth (only of human teeth).
eyewash etymology eye + wash
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, uncountable) A soothing medicated lotion for the eye
  2. (uncountable, slang) nonsense; flattery; pretentiousness.
  3. (uncountable, slang) A means of creating a deceptively favourable impression of something or someone; something for appearance only.
    • 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, Jeeves in the Offing, chapter XI Talking of being eaten by dogs, there's a dachshund at Brinkley who when you first meet him will give you the impression that he plans to convert you into a light snack between his regular meals. Pay no attention. It's all eyewash. [...] He wouldn't hurt a fly, but he has to put up a front because his name's Poppet. One can readily appreciate that when a dog hears himself addressed day in and day out as Poppet, he feels he must throw his weight about. His self-respect demands it.
Synonyms: (slang) window dressing
eyewinker etymology eye + winker
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish) An eyelash.
{{Webster 1913}}
EZ etymology Phonetic rendering from the letter names.
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (US, informal, mostly in names of products and services) easy
Not used in the UK and Ireland, where the letter z is pronounced zed, not zee.
  • ZE, ze
Ezralite etymology Ezra + ite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of the American rock band Better Than Ezra.
    • 2010, "Calendar: August", Alive Magazine, August 2010, page 22: Ezralites, as BTE's faithful fans have dubbed themselves, will want to snag their tickets ASAP.
    • 2014, Trey Acosta, "Best of the Bayou Music Festival", What Now Magazine, Volume 2, Issue 9, September 2014, page 29: Ever-loyal “Ezralites” (the fan base of BTE) continue to congregate for live performances and follow the trio's ongoing success.
    • 2014, NUVO Indianapolis Fall City Guide 2014, page 31: Calling all "Ezralites." Hell, calling all rock fans. Better Than Ezra makes a stop at The Vogue on October 16 {{…}}
    • {{seemoreCites}}
contraction: {{en-contraction}}
  1. (informal) contraction of for example
f'rinstance etymology eye dialect of for instance
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (conjunctive) eye dialect of for instance
Synonyms: (as an example) for example, exempli gratia
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Example. Let me give you some f'rinstances.
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. F1 hybrid
  2. Formula One / Formula 1
  3. (weather) A rating of F1 on the Fujita scale
  4. a computer keyboard key, short for function 1.
  5. (slang, dated) help or advice derived from the common usage of "F1" as the help key, during the DOS era of computing programs
coordinate terms:
  • (weather) F0, F2, F3, F4, F5
  • (FIA Formula 1) F2, F3, F1600, F2000, F3000, GP1, GP2, GP3
related terms:
  • (weather) EF0, EF1, EF2, EF3, EF4, EF5
faan Alternative forms: faaan pronunciation
  • /ˈfæn/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, fandom slang, often, derogatory) A fan who is more interested in fandom than in the subject of that fandom.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
faanish Alternative forms: faaanish pronunciation
  • /ˈfænɪʃ/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (dated, fandom slang, often, derogatory) More interested in fandom than in the subject of that fandom; of or pertaining to faan.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
related terms:
  • faanishness
  • fannish
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, fandom slang, often, derogatory) Being more interested in fandom than in the subject of that fandom; the quality, state or characteristic of being a faan.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
related terms:
  • faan
  • faanish
fabbo etymology fab + o
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) fabulous, excellent
    • 2005, Joy Browne, Dating for Dummies (page 120) This part will help you chill out, get ready, and plan to have a fabbo time.
fabby etymology fab + y pronunciation
  • /ˈfæb.i/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, British) fabulous, very good, excellent
Fabergé egg {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: Faberge egg
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One of the thousands of decorated Easter eggs made by the from 1885 to 1917, especially one of the 69 large jeweled pieces made for Russian imperial family and a few other customers.
  2. (informal) Any decorated egg.
Fab Four
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) The .
fab lab
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A small scale workshop with the ability to fabricate almost everything. This includes products generally perceived as limited to mass production.
fabness etymology From a shortening of fabulousness, equivalent to fab + ness.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Fabulousness.
    • 2007, Peter Doggett, There's a Riot Going On: As Derek Taylor recalled, 'The press pictures were not pretty; the angry head of Malik and the shorn, scrubby, impudent scalps of John and Yoko, a long way from fabness by now.
faboo etymology abbreviation of fabulous
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Fabulous.
    • {{cite newsgroup }} [For sale:] new black patent leather, square toed, flared-heel uber faboo shoes
    • Santa, Baby, Naughty Or Nice?: Four Novellas, page 36, Patricia Ryan, 2001, ““Her dress.” Chantal handed him a fresh scotch and took a sip of the eggnog she'd snagged for herself. “It's a Vera Wang. Doesn't she look faboo?"”
    • Such a pretty fat, page 46, Jen Lancaster, 2008, “I mean, I've got a glowing tan and a faboo haircut, no less than four shades of blond perfectly showcasing said tan, and the whole package is tied together nicely with proper accessories and well-tailored pants. What's not to like?”
    • Catwalk: Strike a Pose, page 78, Deborah Gregory, 2009, “"I'm going to be working at this new designer's boutique — urn, Jones Uptown — in Harlem as soon as it opens," Aphro spurts out. "That's faboo!" exclaims Bobby Beat, clapping his hands together. "Who is the designer?"”
Fabs etymology Abbreviation of Fab Four.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) .
    • 1995, Henry W Sullivan, The Beatles with Lacan: rock 'n' roll as requiem for the modern age At one time the Fabs told the press that: "Show business belongs to the Jews...
    • 1998, Patrick Humphries, The complete guide to the music of the Beatles, Volume 2 ...the madness which surrounded the Fabs at the height of Beatlemania.
    • 2002, Shawn Levy, Ready, steady, go!: the smashing rise and giddy fall of Swinging London Still, Mick and the boys couldn't resist striving after whatever the Beatles attempted first, even when the Fabs flopped.
fabulicious etymology {{blend}}.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Exceptionally fabulous and appealing.
    • 2005, Katia Noyes, Crashing America, Alyson Books (2005), ISBN 9781555839116, page 32: By the dinner rest stop, I broke down and spent some cash to order a piece of blackberry pie. Stabbed the fork in for a bite. Gush. Held its tartness on my tongue. Soft fabulicious mouthful.
    • 2006, Pamela Jane, Polly's Fabulous Pet Palace, Meredith Books (2006), ISBN 9780696231872, unknown page: "But we need a really fabulicious plan for the opening—something to get everyone's attention!"
    • 2009, Sheila Callaghan, Scab: A Comic Drama in Two Acts, Samuel French (2009), ISBN 9780573696718, page 33: And her hair was fabulicious
fac brat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A child of a faculty member at a high school, university, or college.
face {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English face, from xno face and Old French face (Modern French face), from vl *facia, from Latin facies, from facere. Replaced native Middle English onlete, anleth, from Old English anwlite, andwlita, compare German Antlitz; Old English ansīen, Middle English neb (from Old English nebb), Middle English leer (from Old English hlēor), and non-native Middle English vis (from Old French vis). {{picdic }} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /feɪs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy) The front part of the head, featuring the eyes, nose, and mouth and the surrounding area. exampleShe has a pretty face.
  2. One's facial expression. exampleWhy the sad face?
  3. The public image; outward appearance. exampleThe face of this company.  {{nowrap}}
  4. The frontal aspect of something. exampleThe face of the cliff loomed above them.
  5. (figurative) Presence; sight; front. exampleto fly in the face of danger;  {{nowrap}}
    • {{RQ:RnhrtHpwd Bat}} The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
  6. The directed force of something. exampleThey turned to boat into the face of the storm.
  7. Good reputation; standing in the eyes of others; dignity; prestige. (See lose face, save face).
  8. Shameless confidence; boldness; effrontery.
    • John Tillotson (1630-1694) This is the man that has the face to charge others with false citations.
  9. The width of a pulley, or the length of a cog from end to end. examplea pulley or cog wheel of ten inches face
  10. (geometry) Any of the flat bounding surfaces of a polyhedron. More generally, any of the bounding pieces of a polytope of any dimension.
  11. Any surface; especially a front or outer one. examplePut a big sign on each face of the building that can be seen from the road.  {{nowrap}}  {{nowrap}}
    • Bible, Book of Genesis ii.6: A mist…watered the whole face of the ground.
    • Lord Byron (1788-1824) Lake Leman woos me with its crystal face.
  12. The numbered dial of a clock or watch.
  13. (slang) The mouth. exampleShut your face!  {{nowrap}}
  14. (slang) Makeup; one's complete facial cosmetic application. exampleI'll be out in a sec. Just let me put on my face.
  15. (slang, professional wrestling) Short for babyface. A wrestler whose on-ring persona is embodying heroic or virtuous traits. Contrast with heel. exampleThe fans cheered on the face as he made his comeback.
  16. (cricket) The front surface of a bat.
  17. (golf) The part of a golf club that hits the ball.
  18. (cards) The side of the card that shows its value (as opposed to the back side, which looks the same on all cards of the deck).
  19. (typography) A typeface.
  20. Mode of regard, whether favourable or unfavourable; favour or anger.
    • Bible, Book of Numbers vi.25: The Lord make his face to shine upon thee.
    • Bible, Book of Ezekiel vii.22: My face [favour] will I turn also from them.
  21. (computing) An interface.
    • 2003 May 14, Bart Leeten, Kris Meukens, JSR127 JavaServer Faces, VERSIE, p.1/6: For clarity reasons and to stress that JavaServer Faces is not only about ‘visual’ user interfaces, we propose to use the term ‘face’, to express what for visual interfaces is typically named a ‘screen’.
  22. The amount expressed on a bill, note, bond, etc., without any interest or discount; face value. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (part of head) countenance, visage, phiz (obsolete), phizog (obsolete), (facial expression) countenance, expression, facial expression, look, visage, (the front or outer surface) foreside, (public image) image, public image, reputation, (of a polyhedron) facet (different specialised meaning in mathematical use), surface (not in mathematical use), (slang: mouth) cakehole, gob, mush, piehole, trap, (slang: wrestling) good guy, hero, See also
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • facade
  • façade
  • facial
  • surface
verb: {{rft}} {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, of a person or animal) To position oneself or itself so as to have one's face closest to (something). exampleFace the sun.
    • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes. The clear light of the bright autumn morning had no terrors for youth and health like hers.
  2. (transitive, of an object) To have its front closest to, or in the direction of (something else). exampleTurn the chair so it faces the table.
    • John Milton (1608-1674) He gained also with his forces that part of Britain which faces Ireland.
  3. (transitive) To cause (something) to turn or present a face or front, as in a particular direction.
  4. (transitive) To deal with (a difficult situation or person). exampleI'm going to have to face this sooner or later.
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) I'll face / This tempest, and deserve the name of king.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. (intransitive) To have the front in a certain direction. exampleThe bunkers faced north and east, toward Germany.
  6. (transitive) To have as an opponent.
    • {{quote-news}}
  7. (intransitive, cricket) To be the batsman on strike.
  8. (obsolete) To confront impudently; to bully.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616) I will neither be faced nor braved.
  9. To cover in front, for ornament, protection, etc.; to put a facing upon. examplea building faced with marble
  10. To line near the edge, especially with a different material. exampleto face the front of a coat, or the bottom of a dress
  11. To cover with better, or better appearing, material than the mass consists of, for purpose of deception, as the surface of a box of tea, a barrel of sugar, etc.
  12. (engineering) To make the surface of (anything) flat or smooth; to dress the face of (a stone, a casting, etc.); especially, in turning, to shape or smooth the flat surface of, as distinguished from the cylindrical surface.
Synonyms: (position oneself/itself towards), (have its front closest to), (deal with) confront, deal with
  • {{rank}}
  • cafe, café
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A miserable-looking person
Facebook {{wikipedia}} etymology From facebook pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /ˈfeɪs.bʊk/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A social-networking web site, founded in 2004 and originally known as The Facebook.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To use the social-networking site .
  2. (transitive) To send a message or leave a comment on Facebook. Facebook me the details later.
related terms:
  • frape
Facebook official
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, of a relationship) Existing, as evidenced by a relationship status on Facebook or a similar website. They dated for a few weeks before making their relationship Facebook official.
faced pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 face + ed
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of face
etymology 2 abbreviation of shit-faced
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) drunk "The First Time I Got Faced" —
Synonyms: See also
  • decaf
face for radio etymology Because a radio presenter is never seen by the audience.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, derogatory, humorous) An ugly face.
facefuck etymology face + fuck; compare Latin irrumo.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, vulgar) To violently insert the penis into the mouth; to irrumate.
face fuck etymology face + fuck.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) An act of thrust one's penis into the mouth or throat of someone.
    • 2007, , “Privacy, Please!”, in The Mammoth Book of New Gay Erotica, Constable & Robinson Ltd (2012), unnumbered page As soon as I was as naked as he was, he dropped to his knees and took my cock into his mouth up to the hilt. God bless the gay man’s gag-free throat, I thought as I started to rock my hips into a righteous face fuck.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, vulgar) To thrust one's penis into the mouth or throat of someone.
    • 2013, Oct 28, “Gay Erotic Fiction” (username), “Basic Training” He gagged as David thrust his hips forward, forcing his big, cut cock deep in Ed’s mouth, the weight of his body pinning Ed to the ground. He started to face fuck him, Ed gagging on the cock as it pounded the back of his throat.
face fucking {{wikipedia}} etymology face + fucking.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) The act of thrust one's penis into the mouth or throat of someone.
    • 2011, Wade Wright, Two Straight Guys, page 41 Both men were completely, and very actively into this face fucking! Suddenly Bill pulled off of Jim's meat and said,
Synonyms: irrumatio (not specific to the mouth/throat), irrumation (not specific to the mouth/throat), skull fucking, throat fucking
related terms:
  • fellatio
faceless bureaucrat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiom, usually, pejorative) A stereotypical anonymous, interchangeable and unaccountable government official.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
related terms:
  • drone
  • a cog in the machine
  • See also
face like a bag of spanners
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, informal, humorous) A very ugly face.
    • 2006, Robbie Fowler, David Maddock, Fowler: My Autobiography (page 105) Everyone is used to it now, David and Victoria Beckham are the King and Queen of the tabloids and every half-decent footballer is a star and a pin-up, even if he's got a face like a bag of spanners.
    • 2009, Ron Clooney, A Measure of Wheat for a Penny (page 275) More wrinkles than a tortoise, face like a bag of spanners.
faceplant {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: face-plant etymology face + plant#Etymology 2 ‘place, set firmly’. Originally skateboarding and snowboarding slang, a humorous variant of handplant, which is an intentional technique in these sports. pronunciation
  • (US) /ˈfeɪsˌplænt/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The act of land face first, as a result of an accident or error. The skater slipped off his board and did a painful faceplant.
  2. (video games) Death or defeat in popular multiplayer online game.
  3. A wrestling move in which an attacking wrestler forces his/her opponent down to the mat face-first without a headlock or facelock.
Other variants are more rarely found, such as assplant, in addition to variants of the intentional handplant, such as elbow plant.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To land face first.
Synonyms: eat it
facial etymology From French facial pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or affecting the face.
coordinate terms:
  • {{list:dentistry location adjectives/en}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A personal care beauty treatment which involves cleansing and moisturizing of the human face.
  2. (film) A kind of early silent film focusing on the facial expression of the actor.
    • 2004, Simon Popple, ‎Joe Kember, Early Cinema: From Factory Gate to Dream Factory (page 92) But in facials, moving picture technology also enabled an exaggeration of this performance tradition, bringing a new emphasis to the details …
  3. (slang, in some contact sports) A which involves one player hitting another in the face.
  4. (slang) A sex act of male ejaculation onto another person's face. He gave his wife a creamy facial.
related terms:
  • facially
facts pronunciation
  • (US) /fækts/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /fæks/
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of fact
facty etymology fact + y
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (dated, informal) Consisting principally of fact
Synonyms: factful
related terms:
  • factual
  • factitious
  • factic
fade {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /feɪd/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English fade, fede, of uncertain origin. Compare Old English gefæd. See also fad.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (archaic) Strong; bold; doughty
etymology 2 From Middle English fade, vad, vade, from Middle Dutch vade, from Old French fade, of obscure origin. Probably from vl *fatidus, from Latin fatuus.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (archaic) Weak; insipid; tasteless; commonplace.
    • Jeffery Passages that are somewhat fade.
    • De Quincey His masculine taste gave him a sense of something fade and ludicrous.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (golf) A golf shot that (for the right-handed player) curve intentional to the right. See slice, hook, draw.
  2. A haircut where the hair is short or shaved on the sides of the head and longer on top. See also high-top fade and low fade.
  3. (slang) A fight
  4. (cinematography) A gradual decrease in the brightness of a shot (as a means of cutting to a new scene)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To become faded; to grow weak; to lose strength; to decay; to perish gradually; to wither, as a plant.
    • Bible, Is. xxiv. 4 The earth mourneth and fadeth away.
  2. (intransitive) To lose freshness, color, or brightness; to become faint in hue or tint; hence, to be want in color.
  3. (intransitive) To sink away; to disappear gradually; to grow dim; to vanish. The milkman's whistling faded into the distance.
    • Addison The stars shall fade away.
    • Shakespeare He makes a swanlike end, / Fading in music.
    • 1856: Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Part III Chapter XI, translated by Eleanor Marx-Aveling A strange thing was that Bovary, while continually thinking of Emma, was forgetting her. He grew desperate as he felt this image fading from his memory in spite of all efforts to retain it. Yet every night he dreamt of her; it was always the same dream. He drew near her, but when he was about to clasp her she fell into decay in his arms.
  4. (transitive) To cause to fade.
Synonyms: decrease, wane, become smaller
  • deaf, Deaf
  • EDFA
faff etymology Dialect, "blow in gusts." pronunciation
  • (British) /fæf/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) An unnecessary or over-complicated task, especially one perceived as a waste of time. Adjusting this television is a bit of a faff.
    • 2011, Patrick Kingsley, "Life with the Queen Mum revealed", The Guardian Breakfast in bed at the royal household is a massive faff. A page boy must carry the tray upstairs, but he's banned from actually serving it. So he leaves it on the floor by the bedroom door, whereupon a housemaid picks it up and knocks on said portal.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (British, slang) To waste time on an unproductive activity. She faffed about so much, she never got to eat her breakfast. I decided to stop faffing about and get some work done.
  • Particularly used with about or around.
Synonyms: dick around (American)
fafillion Alternative forms: fafilion
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, hyperbole) An indefinitely large number.
fag pronunciation
  • /fæɡ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Probably from fag end, from Middle English fagge
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, technical) In textile inspections, a rough or coarse defect in the woven fabric.
  2. (UK, Ireland, Australia, colloquial, dated in US and Canada) A cigarette.
    • 1968 January 25, The Bulletin, Oregon, He′d Phase Out Fag Industry Los Angeles (UPI) - A UCLA professor has called for the phasing out of the cigarette industry by converting tobacco acres to other crops.
    • 2001, , , (2001), 15, All of them, like my mother, were heavy smokers, and after warming themselves by the fire, they would sit on the sofa and smoke, lobbing their web fag ends into the fire.
    • 2011, Bill Marsh, Great Australian Shearing Stories, [http//|%22fags%22+australia+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LG9LT9_BMoLvmAXCkeyyDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false unnumbered page], So I started off by asking the shearers if they minded if I took a belly off while they were having a fag. Then after a while they were asking me. They′d say, ‘Do yer wanta take over fer a bit while I have a fag?’ And then I got better and I′d finish the sheep and they′d say ‘Christ, I haven′t finished me bloody fag yet, yer may as well shear anotherie.’
  3. (UK, obsolete, colloquial) The worst part or end of a thing.
    • {{quote-book }}
Synonyms: (cigarette) ciggy (Australia), smoke, (Cockney rhyming slang) oily rag
etymology 2 Probably alteration of flag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, colloquial) A chore; an arduous and tiresome task.
    • 1818, , , 1992, Complete Works of Jane Austen, unnumbered page, We are sadly off in the country; not but what we have very good shops in Salisbury, but it is so far to go—eight miles is a long way; Mr. Allen says it is nine, measured nine; but I am sure it cannot be more than eight; and it is such a fag—I come back tired to death.
  2. (British, archaic, colloquial) In many British boarding school, a younger student acting as a servant for senior students.
    • 1791, Simon Sapling (pseudonym), Richard Cumberland, The Observer: A Collection of Moral, Literary and Familiar Essays, Volume 4, page 67, I had the character at ſchool of being the very beſt fag that ever came into it.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, colloquial, used mainly in passive form) To make exhausted, tire out.
  2. (intransitive, colloquial) To droop; to tire.
    • {{ante}} G. Mackenzie, Lives, quoted in 1829, "Fag", entry in The London Encyclopaedia: Or, Universal Dictionary, Volume 9, page 12, Creighton with-held his force 'till the Italian began to fag, and then brought him to the ground.
  3. (British, archaic, colloquial) For a younger student to act as a servant for senior students in many British boarding school.
etymology 3 From faggot.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, offensive) A homosexual person.
    • 1921 John Lind, The Female Impersonators (Historical Documentation of American Slang v. 1, A-G, edited by Jonathan E. Lighter (New York: Random House, 1994) page 716. Androgynes known as “fairies,” “fags,” or “brownies.”
    • {{quote-journal }}
    • 2006, Lynn Mickelsen, Confusion Turned to Chaos A couple of days later, Trisha tells Madelyn there is a rumor going around that she's a fag.
    • {{quote-book }}
    1. (colloquial, disparaging) In particular, a conspicuous non-straight-acting homosexual male.
  2. (US, vulgar, offensive) An annoying person. Why did you do that, you fag?
In North America, fag is often considered highly offensive, although some gay people have tried to reclaim it. (Compare faggot.) The humorousness of derived terms fag hag and fag stag is sometimes considered to lessen their offensiveness. Synonyms: (male homosexual) faggot, fairy, homo, queer, (male homosexual friend) bro, pal, (annoying person) ass, asshole, dick, jerk, prick, putz, schmuck, (conspicuous homosexual)
  • (effeminate or prissy) flamer, queen
, (effeminate or prissy) flamer, queen
fagazine etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, offensive, derogatory) A magazine which focuses on gay issues and interests.
    • 1995, Ian Young, The Stonewall Experiment: A Gay Psychohistory, Cassell (1995), ISBN 9780304332700, page 64: At the other extreme, the most distinctive of all the gay publications of the day were a pair of home-made 'fagazines' of slightly old-fashioned psychedelic design, printed on heavy stock in a rainbow of bright colours.
    • 2007, Joel Bleifuss, "A Politically Correct Lexicon", In These Times, 21 February 2007: REM lead singer Michael Stipe, for example, is queer, not gay. “For me, queer describes something that’s more inclusive of the gray areas,” he told Butt, a pocket-sized Dutch “fagazine.” “It’s really about identity I think. The identity I’m comfortable with is queer because I just think it’s more inclusive.”
    • 2013, Sonja Mackenzie, Structural Intimacies: Sexual Stories in the Black AIDS Epidemic, Rutgers University Press (2013), ISBN 9780813560977, page 45: He was reading one of those little fagazines, those little gay rags, that there were white gay men in California dying because they were gay.
Synonyms: fag mag, fag rag
fagboy etymology fag + boy Alternative forms: fag boy, fag-boy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, LGBT) A contemptible young gay man, sometimes partially a term of endearment for a submissive bottom or sex partner.
    • 1996, Stephen King, Rode Madder, link “You give the term eat me a whole new meaning, don't you, fagboy? Just sucking his cock wasn't enough for you, was it?
    • 2006, Michael J. Vaughn, Double Blind, page 37 “Big ol' fagboy, that's all y'are, jus' love a big ol' cock up your asshole. Makes ya drool, gives you a boner jus' thinkin' 'bout that cock.
    • 2010, David S. Schow, Internecine, page 135 As soon as the door thunks shut and the bolts clank, he says, “What the fuck you looking at, fagboy?”
related terms:
  • gayboy
Often used as a diminutive of fag or faggot, particularly for a very young effeminate or homosexual boy as a taunt or observation of gayface and perceived sexuality.
fag break
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) A brief cessation of work, activity etc. in order to have a cigarette.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A butt of a cigarette
fagdom etymology
  • fag + dom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) The state of being very faggy; condition of possessing stereotypical homosexual behavior
    • 1994, The Advocate, Jan 25, 1994, page 10 FU always be an advocate for fagdom.
    • 2003, The Advocate, link But Matthew educated me in fagdom. He really laid the groundwork for me in terms of getting comfortable with my sexuality, lie introduced me to gay- ness, even though he never identified as homosexual
  2. The state of being a fag (in the page or subordinate sense)
    • 1872, Transatlantic Magazine, page 41 ...and one may rise from that humble functionary, step by step, and trace fagdom in every real way
    • 1895, Edward Parry Eardley-Wilmot, E. C. Streatfield, Charterhouse, page 64 Each Upper had his private Fag; but general fagdom consisted of obedience to the demand of every Upper, no matter in whose House he happened to be.
    • John Buchan From the anomalous insignificance of fagdom Colin climbed up the School, leaving everywhere a record of honest good-nature.
related terms:
  • faggot, faggotry, faggoty
fagged out etymology
  • From the verb fag
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Very tired, or exhausted due to hard work or physical exercise.
faggot {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: fagot etymology From Middle English, from Old French fagot, from Old Italian fagotto, diminutive of vl *facus, from Latin fascis. See also fag. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈfæɡ.ət/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, dated in US) A burning or smouldering piece of firewood.
  2. (chiefly, British) A bundle of sticks tied together. (Some sources specify that a faggot is tied with two bands or withes, whereas a bavin is tied with just one.)
    • {{quote-book }}
  3. (obsolete) Burdensome baggage.
  4. (UK, Irish, colloquial, pejorative, obsolete) A shrewish woman.
    • 1591, Thomas Lodge, Catharos Diogenes in his Singularity (Oxford English Dictionary, faggot, fagot, n., 2nd Edition, 1989, Oxford University Press, accessed 12 Jan 2009) A filbert is better than a faggot, except it be an Athenian she handfull.
    • 1796, Theobald Wolfe Tone, Autobiography: she wants me to go to bed to her, and I won't, ... for she is as crooked as a ram's horn ... and as ugly as sin besides ; rot her, the dirty little faggot, she torments me.
    • 1834, William Carleton, The Midnight Mass: The woman, in accordance with the custom of the country, raised the Irish cry, in a loud melancholy wail ... Darby, who prided himself on maintaining silence, could not preserve the consistency of his character upon this occasion ... "Your sowl to the divil, you faggot!" he exclaimed, "what do you mane? The divil whip the tongue out o' you! ..."
    • 1973, Hugh Leonard, Da: MOTHER: To see who? DA: You faggot, you; don't let on you don't know.
  5. (offensive, vulgar, US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand) A gay person, particularly a man.
    • 2009, David L. Gold, Studies in Etymology and Etiology, page 781: Fleissner's explanation presumably implies that Dickens meant Fag as an allusion to the derogatory English words fag 'homosexual', and faggot 'homosexual'
    • 1914, Louis E. Jackson and C.R. Hellyer, Vocabulary of Criminal Slang (Portland, OR: Modern Printing Co., 1914) page 30: Drag, Example: “All the fagots (sissies) will be dressed in drag at the ball tonight.
    • 2004, Dennis Cooper, The Sluts, page 228: We're a hot looking crew that's your average faggot's wet dream, so we pull some pretty max tricks.
  6. (offensive, vulgar) An annoying or inconsiderate person.
  7. (used in the UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, obsolete in North America) The cast off end of a smoked cigarette.
  8. (chiefly, British) A meatball made from pork.
coordinate terms:
  • dyke, scissor sister
Synonyms: (male homosexual) fag, fairy, poof, queer, See also , (end of cigarette) butt
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. alternative form of fagot
faggotism etymology faggot + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (offensive) homosexuality
    • Kingsley Amis, Stanley and the Women - Page 265 In the eyes of most men this was surely a more powerful disincentive to chumming up with him than any inklings of faggotism.
faggotry etymology From faggot + ry. pronunciation
  • /ˈfæɡətɹi/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) The quality of being a faggot (homosexual).
Synonyms: gayness

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