The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


flip burgers
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To be in a low-paid job, especially one in a fast-food restaurant.
flip one's lid
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) To be explosively angry.
    • 2009, Dee Kassabian, My Four Fathers and Other Short Stories (page 45) His parents flipped their lids when the two lovebugs got hitched. Jonnie couldn't stand the fact that her beautiful young son, gone so long over seas, had now tangled up with an older woman, and even worse, an older divorced woman …
Synonyms: (angry) blow a gasket, (angry) blow one's top, (angry) flip one's wig
flip one's wig
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To be very angry.
  2. (idiomatic, colloquial) To act in an irrational manner or appear to be temporarily insane.
Synonyms: (angry) blow a gasket, (angry) blow one's top, (act irrationally) go bananas
flip out
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) to become angry or upset about something exampleWhen I failed the test, I flipped out.
  • foul tip
flipper {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology flip + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. in marine mammal such as whales, a wide flat limb, adapted for swimming
  2. a flat, wide, paddle-like rubber covering for the foot, used in swimming
  3. a flat lever in a pinball machine, used to keep the ball in play
  4. (cricket) A type of ball bowled by a leg spin bowler, which spin backwards and skid off the pitch with a low bounce
  5. (informal, US) television remote control, clicker
  6. (dated, slang) The hand.
  7. (dentistry) A kind of false tooth, usually temporary.
    • 2005, Washington appellate reports: Volume 128 Dr. Woo attempts to distinguish Blakeslee by pointing out that “one can fondle a breast without having anything to do with dentistry, but one cannot take molds, fabricate and insert flippers into another person's mouth without practicing dentistry."
  8. A kitchen spatula
related terms:
  • fin
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. to lift one or both flipper out of the water and slap the surface of the water
flippy pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Having a tendency to flip.
    • Rebecca Snyder, Two Hearts Are Better Than One And at that point I start to feel faint and my stomach starts doing that weird flippy thing.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) a flippy disk
flip shit
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) to freak out.
    • If my mom finds out about this, she'll flip shit!
flipside Alternative forms: flip side etymology flip + side
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (music) The B-side of a phonograph record. Nice tune, what's on the flipside?
  2. (informal) A necessary consequence or corollary of something; especially one seen as opposite, or as pro versus con. Walking to work is definitely healthier – on the flipside, though, it takes twice as long.
  3. (informal) The occasion when we meet again (e.g. when I return from work, etc.; said on parting); later or tomorrow. See you on the flipside!
flip the bird
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: flip, bird
  2. (colloquial) To make a rude or obscene gesture (at somebody); particularly, to extend the middle finger. I accidentally bumped into him, and he flipped me the bird.
    • 2005, Vince Flynn, Consent to Kill, page 135, He held his right hand up in front of his face and flipped the bird.
    • 2007, R. D. Reynolds, The Wrestlecrap Book of Lists!, page 350, The vaunted Attitude era was built, in many ways, on a level of crudity never before seen in wrestling. You had guys flipping the bird, women nearly naked in the ring and guys telling each other to “suck it.”
    • 2008, Vanessa Grigoriadis, Everybody Sucks, American Society of Magazine Editors (compilers), The Best American Magazine Writing 2008, page 9, This summer, she took some time off in Maine, and before she went posted a picture of herself on Gawker in a bathing suit flipping the bird — "At least I didn't put up the ones of myself in a silver-lame bikini. That would have been a little much," she said, laughing.
In the idiomatic sense, often used transitively in the form flip [someone] the bird. Synonyms: (to make a rude finger gesture) flick off, flip off, give the finger
flip the script
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To reverse a situation, especially by doing something unexpected.
    • 2003, Deborah Gregory, The Cheetah Girls: Livin' Large!, page 405: Some people walk with a panther or strike a buffalo stance that makes you wanna dance. Other people flip the script on the day of the jackal that'll make you cackle.
    • 2008, Brian Peterson, Move Over, Girl: A Novel, page 63: But sometimes she'd flip the script and come out with some tight shit on, turning that magnetic strength up to full power.
    • 2010, Inkwell, Children in the Belly of the Beast: Breeding Ground for Social Pathology, page 148: We need to flip the script and start showing that same level of compassion and love toward each other, and perhaps we will then gain respect and control over our communities.
    • 2011, Adrianne Byrd, King's Promise, page 94: And we're not talking about me. We're talking about you. What's with you Kings? You're always trying to flip the script on me.
flirtationship etymology flirtation + ship and/or {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare) flirtation
    • 1918, Gilbert Frankau, One of Them Jack's Jills ! Why, Muse possesses quite a list full,May's Jill, and June's Jill, August's, and September's. . . .Yet dares no more than skim each light adventureWhich followed on flirtationship's indenture.
  2. (informal) A casual relationship based only on flirtation.
    • 2011, Anna Lefler, The Chicktionary (page 70) You may have a flirtationship with your best friend's brother, a coworker, or the baristo with the nice forearms who makes your latte…
flit etymology From Old Norse flytja. Cognate with Swedish: flytta, Danish/Norwegian: flytte, Faroese: flyta. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A fluttering or darting movement.
  2. (physics) A particular, unexpected, short lived change of state. My computer just had a flit.
  3. (slang) A homosexual.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To move about rapidly and nimbly.
    • Tennyson A shadow flits before me.
    • 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 6 There were many apes with faces similar to his own, and further over in the book he found, under "M," some little monkeys such as he saw daily flitting through the trees of his primeval forest. But nowhere was pictured any of his own people; in all the book was none that resembled Kerchak, or Tublat, or Kala.
  2. To move quickly from one location to another.
    • Hooker It became a received opinion, that the souls of men, departing this life, did flit out of one body into some other.
  3. (physics) To unpredictably change state for short periods of time. My blender flits because the power cord is damaged.
  4. (UK, Scotland, dialect) To move house (sometimes a sudden move to avoid debts). {{rfquotek}} {{rfquotek}}
    • 1855, , , page 199 (ISBN 0679405518) After this manner did the late Warden of Barchester Hospital accomplish his flitting, and change his residence.
  5. To be unstable; to be easily or often moved.
    • Dryden the free soul to flitting air resigned
related terms:
  • dart
  • dash
  • flirt
  • lunge
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (poetic, obsolete) Fast, nimble.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iv: And in his hand two darts exceeding flit, / And deadly sharpe he held [...].
  • lift
flitterjigs etymology This word has its origins in the 19th century English spoken in county Donegal in north west of Ireland, where the local people are reckoned to possess the largest lexicon of both English Gaelic in Ireland.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (British, slang) An item of clothing that is in tatters or ribbons.
float {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) /fləʊt/
  • (US) /floʊt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology From Middle English floten, from Old English flotian, from Proto-Germanic *flutōną, from Proto-Indo-European *plewd-, *plew-. Cognate with gml vloten, vlotten, Middle Dutch vloten, Old Norse flota, Icelandic fljóta, Old English flēotan, Ancient Greek πλέω 〈pléō〉, Lithuanian plaukti, Russian пла́вать 〈plávatʹ〉, Latin plaustrum.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) Of an object or substance, to be supported by a liquid of greater density than the object so as that part of the object or substance remains above the surface. The boat floated on the water. The oil floated on the vinegar.
  2. (transitive) To cause something to be suspended in a liquid of greater density; as, to float a boat.
  3. (intransitive) To be capable of floating. That boat doesn’t float. Oil floats on vinegar.
  4. (intransitive) To move in a particular direction with the liquid in which one is floating I’d love to just float downstream.
  5. (intransitive) To drift or wander aimlessly. I’m not sure where they went... they’re floating around here somewhere. Images from my childhood floated through my mind.
  6. (intransitive) To drift gently through the air. The balloon floated off into the distance.
  7. (intransitive) To move in a fluid manner. The dancer floated gracefully around the stage.
  8. (intransitive, colloquial) (of an idea or scheme) To be viable. That’s a daft idea... it’ll never float.
  9. (transitive) To propose (an idea) for consideration. I floated the idea of free ice-cream on Fridays, but no one was interested.
  10. (intransitive) To automatically adjust a parameter as related parameters change.
  11. (intransitive, finance) (of currencies) To have an exchange value determined by the markets as opposed to by rule. The yen floats against the dollar.
  12. (transitive, finance) To allow (the exchange value of a currency) to be determined by the markets. The government floated the pound in January. Increased pressure on Thailand’s currency, the baht, in 1997 led to a crisis that forced the government to float the currency.
  13. (transitive, colloquial) To extend a short-term loan to. Could you float me $50 until payday?
  14. (transitive, finance) To issue or sell share in a company (or unit in a trust) to members of the public, followed by listing on a stock exchange.
    • 2005 June 21, Dewi Cooke, The Age , He [Mario Moretti Polegato] floated the company on the Milan Stock Exchange last December and sold 29 per cent of its shares, mostly to American investors.
    • 2007, Jonathan Reuvid, Floating Your Company: The Essential Guide to Going Public.
    • 2011, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI Yearbook 2011: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, footnote i, [http//|%22floating%22+shares+OR+company+OR+corporate+OR+corporation+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QJ5UT_jAI-_0mAXSvvSqCg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22floated%22|%22floating%22%20shares%20OR%20company%20OR%20corporate%20OR%20corporation%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 269], As a result of this reverse acquisition, Hurlingham changed its name to Manroy plc and floated shares on the Alternative Investment Market in London.
  15. (transitive) To use a float (tool). It is time to float this horse's teeth.
  16. (poker) To perform a float.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A buoyant device used to support something in water or another liquid. Attach the float and the weight to the fishing line, above the hook.
  2. A mass of timber or boards fastened together, and conveyed down a stream by the current; a raft.
  3. A float board.
  4. A tool similar to a rasp, used in various trades.
  5. A sort of trowel used for finishing concrete surfaces or smoothing plaster. When pouring a new driveway, you can use a two-by-four as a float.
  6. An elaborately decorated trailer or vehicle, intended for display in a parade or pageant. That float covered in roses is very pretty.
  7. (British) A small vehicle used for local deliveries, especially in the term milk float.
    • 1913, , , As soon as the skies brightened and plum-blossom was out, Paul drove off in the milkman's heavy float up to Willey Farm.
  8. (finance) Funds committed to be paid but not yet paid. Our bank does a nightly sweep of accounts, to adjust the float so we stay within our reserves limit.
  9. (finance, Australia, and other Commonwealth countries?) An offering of share in a company (or unit in a trust) to members of the public, normally followed by a listing on a stock exchange. 2006, You don't actually need a broker to buy shares in a float when a company is about to be listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. — financial tips article, Buying shares in a float
  10. (banking) The total amount of checks/cheques or other drafts written against a bank account but not yet cleared and charged against the account. No sir, your current float is not taken into account, when assets are legally garnished.
  11. (insurance) Premiums taken in but not yet paid out. We make a lot of interest from our nightly float.
  12. (programming) A floating-point number. That routine should not have used an int; it should be a float.
  13. A soft beverage with a scoop of ice-cream floating in it. It's true - I don't consider anything other than root-beer with vanilla ice-cream to be a "real" float.
  14. A small sum of money put in a cashier's till at the start of business to enable change to be made.
  15. (poker) A maneuver where a player calls on the flop or turn with a weak hand, with the intention of bluffing after a subsequent community card.
  16. (knitting) One of the loose ends of yarn on an unfinished work.
  17. (automotive) a car carrier or car transporter truck or truck-and-trailer combination
  18. (transport) a lowboy trailer
  19. (tempering) A device sending a copious stream of water to the heated surface of a bulky object, such as an anvil or die. {{rfquotek}}
  20. (obsolete) The act of flowing; flux; flow. {{rfquotek}}
  21. A quantity of earth, eighteen feet square and one foot deep. {{rfquotek}}
  22. A polishing block used in marble working; a runner. {{rfquotek}}
  23. (UK, dated) A coal cart. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (Shares offered to the public:) initial public offering
  • aloft
floater pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. Agent noun of float; one who or that which floats.
  2. An employee of a company who does not have fixed tasks to do but fills in wherever needed, usually when someone else is away.
  3. A thread speck in the visual field that seems to move, possibly caused by degeneration of the vitreous humour.
  4. An "extra" male at a dinner party, or a young friend of the hostess, whose assignment is to entertain the female guests.
  5. (insurance) A policy covering property at more than one location or which may be in transit.
  6. (police jargon) A floating corpse picked up from a body of water.
  7. (sports) An unaffiliated player.
  8. (surfing) A maneuver in which a surfer transition above the unbroken face of the wave onto the lip, or on top of the breaking section of the wave.
  9. (vulgar) A piece of faeces that floats. He left a floater in the toilet.
  10. (slang, by extension) Someone who attaches themselves to a group of people, much to the dismay of that group, and repeatedly shows up to participate in group activities despite attempts to get rid of, or “flush,” that person.
  11. (two-up) A coin which does not spin when thrown in the air. 1998: In this section "floater" means a spin in which at least 1 of the coins does not turn over in the air at least once.Queensland government Casino Gaming Amendment Rule (No. 2) 1998
  12. (AU) A pie floater.
  13. (politics) A voter who shifts from party to party, especially one whose vote can be purchase.
  14. (politics, US) A person, such as a delegate to a convention or a member of a legislature, who represents an irregular constituency, such as one formed by a union of the voters of two counties neither of which has a number sufficient to be allowed a (or an extra) representative of its own.
  15. (US, politics) One who votes illegally in various polling places or election districts, either under false registration made by himself or under the name of some properly registered person who has not already voted.
  • refloat
float like a butterfly etymology Coined by US boxer .
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial, simile) To move effortless and in an agile fashion.
floaty etymology float + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a dress) lightweight, so as to rise when the wearer is walking.
  2. (music) light, hypnotic and relaxing.
    • 2005, , Definitely knot one for the wimps All the floaty music in the world could not disguise my grunts as I clenched my teeth and curled my toes to fight the pain.
  3. Having a feeling of extreme calm, as if floating through the air.
Synonyms: (lightweight, rising) billowy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A lilo or similar item that float on water and can be sat on.
  2. (informal) A particle of food, etc. found floating in liquid.
    • 2002, Trena Cole, Charred Souls: A Story of Recreational Child Abuse (page 29) I have always loved the way he just walks up and feels free to drink out my glass or bottle of water. I admit, when he was a baby I tried to give him his own sippy cup and avoid the little 'floaties' that little ones leave in your drink.
    • 2011, Judy Reiser, Admit It, You're Crazy! … once the Oreos are gone I can't drink the milk with the floaties in it no matter how much milk is left.
    • Michael Thomas, ‎Joy Thomas, The Quest For The Cold Soda (page 163) Ha, try backpacking sometime mister, we drink water that has dirt in it...I mean literally there is dirt in our water bladders (or other floaties like leaves) and we drink it no problem!
flob etymology Origin uncertain. pronunciation
  • (UK) /flɒb/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, slang) spittle, especially a piece of spittle that has been spat out
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, slang) To spit or to gob.
    • 2010, Charlie Brooker, The Guardian, 27 Sep 2010: I pointed out that they both looked equally unhappy, and that he was essentially kicking himself. He contemplated this for a moment, then flobbed at me and kicked the weakling slightly harder.
floccinaucinihilipilificate {{was wotd}} {{was wotd}} etymology See floccinaucinihilipilification. pronunciation
  • /ˌflɒksɪˌnɒsɪˌnɪhɪlɪˈpɪlɪfɪ.keɪt/, /ˌflɒksɪˌnɔːsɪˌnaɪɪlɪˈpɪlɪfɪ.keɪt/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To describe, estimate or regard something as worthless.
related terms:
  • floccinaucinihilipilification
flock pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English flock, from Old English flocc, from Proto-Germanic *flukkaz, *flakka-. Cognate with gml vlocke, Old Norse flokkr. Perhaps related to Old English folc. More at folk.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large number of bird, especially those gathered together for the purpose of migration.
  2. A large number of animals, especially sheep or goats kept together.
  3. Those served by a particular pastor or shepherd.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • Tennyson As half amazed, half frighted all his flock.
  4. A large number of people.
    • Bible, 2 Macc. xiv. 14 The heathen … came to Nicanor by flocks.
Synonyms: congregation, bunch, gaggle, horde, host, legion, litter, nest, rabble, swarm, throng, wake
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To congregate in or head towards a place in large numbers. People flocked to the cinema to see the new film.
    • Dryden Friends daily flock.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To flock to; to crowd.
    • 1609, Taylor Good fellows, trooping, flocked me so.
  3. To treat a pool with chemicals to remove suspended particles.
etymology 2 From Middle English flok, from Old French floc, from ll floccus, probably from frk *flokko, from Proto-Germanic *flukkōn-, *flukkan-, *fluksōn-, from Proto-Indo-European *plAwək-. Cognate with Old High German flocko, Middle Dutch vlocke, Norwegian dialectal flugsa. Other cognate Albanian flokë.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Coarse tuft of wool or cotton used in bedding
  2. A lock of wool or hair.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616) I prythee, Tom, beat Cut's saddle, put a few flocks in the point [pommel].
  3. Very fine sift woollen refuse, especially that from shearing the nap of cloths, formerly used as a coating for wallpaper to give it a velvety or clothlike appearance; also, the dust of vegetable fibre used for a similar purpose.
    • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To coat a surface with dense fibers or particles.
flog the dolphin
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) masturbate (male)
Synonyms: spank the monkey
flog the log
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, vulgar, of a male) To masturbate.
    • 1991, James Whitehead, Joiner, ISBN 9781557282040, p. 64: He was a normal horny boy who flogged the log with the best of them.
Synonyms: See
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, dated) Drunk.
  2. (slang) Crazy, chaotic, awry.
    • 1935, John Milton Oskison, Brothers three Everything I've tried since pa died has gone flooey.
    • 2000, James Clifton Cobb, The second gun Well, sir, about a second after Jake nodded his head, the place went flooey. Everybody started whoopin' and placin' bets and yelling out drink orders...
floor etymology From Middle English, from Old English flōr, from Proto-Germanic *flōrō, *flōrô, *flōraz, from Proto-Indo-European *plõro-, from Proto-Indo-European *pele-, *plet-, *plāk-. Cognate with Western Frisian flier, Dutch vloer, German Flur, Swedish flor, Irish urlár, Scottish Gaelic làr, Welsh llawr, Latin plānus. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /flɔː/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /flɔːɹ/, /floʊɹ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}} (in non-rhotic accents)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The bottom or lower part of any room; the supporting surface of a room. exampleThe room has a wooden floor.
    • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire.
  2. Ground (surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground).
  3. The lower inside surface of a hollow space. exampleMany sunken ships rest on the ocean floor. exampleThe floor of a cave served the refugees as a home. exampleThe pit floor showed where a ring of post holes had been.
  4. A structure formed of beams, girders, etc, with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into storey/stories.
  5. The supporting surface or platform of a structure such as a bridge. exampleWooden planks of the old bridge's floor were nearly rotten.
  6. A storey/story of a building. exampleFor years we lived on the third floor.
  7. In a parliament, the part of the house assigned to the members, as opposed to the viewing gallery.
  8. Hence, the right to speak at a given time during a debate or other public event. exampleWill the senator from Arizona yield the floor? exampleThe mayor often gives a lobbyist the floor.
  9. (nautical) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.
  10. (mining) The rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.
  11. (mining) A horizontal, flat ore body. {{rfquotek}}
  12. (mathematics) The largest integer less than or equal to a given number. exampleThe floor of 4.5 is 4.
  13. (gymnastics) An event performed on a floor-like carpeted surface.
  14. (finance) A lower limit on the interest rate payable on an otherwise variable-rate loan, used by lenders to defend against falls in interest rates. Opposite of a cap.
  15. A dance floor.
    • 1983, "", Michael Sembello and Dennis Matkosky: She's a maniac, maniac on the floor / And she's dancing like she never danced before
    • 1987, "Walk the Dinosaur", Was (Not Was): Open the door, get on the floor / Everybody walk the dinosaur
Synonyms: (right to speak) possession (UK)
  • ceiling
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To cover or furnish with a floor.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham , The China Governess , 1, , “The huge square box, parquet-floored and high-ceilinged, had been arranged to display a suite of bedroom furniture designed and made in the halcyon days of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, […].”
    examplefloor a house with pine boards
  2. To strike down or lay level with the floor; to knock down.
    • As soon as our driver saw an insurgent in a car holding a detonation device, he floored the pedal and was 2,000 feet away when that car bomb exploded. We escaped certain death in the nick of time!
  3. To silence by a conclusive answer or retort.
    • Floored or crushed by him. — Coleridge
    examplefloor an opponent
  4. To amaze or greatly surprise. exampleWe were floored by his confession.
  5. (colloquial) To finish or make an end of.
    • I've floored my little-go work — ed Hughes
    examplefloor a college examination
related terms: {{top2}}
  • back to the floor
  • dance floor
  • floor cloth
  • floor cramp
  • floor heating
  • floor light
  • flooring
  • floor plan
  • floorspace, floor space
  • ground floor, first floor, second floor, etc.
  • thirteenth floor
  • mezzanine floor, mezzanine
  • ocean floor
  • shop floor
  • take the floor
  • top floor
  • trading floor
  • {{rank}}
floordrobe {{was wotd}} etymology {{blend}}. pronunciation
  • {{audio-pron}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) Clothing strewn on the floor.
    • 2002, , The Vincibles: A Suburban Cricket Season, Victory Books (2009), ISBN 9780522856958, page 127: Pity about the suit being covered in cat fur when I retrieved it from the floordrobe, but it was dark anyway.
floor-filler etymology See dance floor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A music track that is likely to encourage people to dance when played at a club, etc.
floozie Alternative forms: floozy, floosie pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈfluː.zi/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A vulgar or sexually promiscuous woman; a hussy or slattern.
  2. A prostitute who attracts customers by walking the streets.
Synonyms: see
flopdom etymology flop + dom
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The realm of flop or failure.
    • 2003, Josquin Des Pres, Mark Landsman, Reality Check: Priceless Advice for Musicians But, in truth, Guy is a flop for a reason: despite his artistic talent, he's embraced flopdom with open arms!
    • {{quote-news}}
flophouse Alternative forms: flop-house etymology From flop + house, originally hobo slang, presumably from slang flop.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈflɒphaʊs/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A cheap hotel or boarding house where many people sleep in large rooms. {{defdate}}
    • 1904, , November 1904: In one of [Cincinnati’s] slum districts stands the Silver Moon, a “flop house” (i.e., a house where the occupants are “flopped” out of their hanging bunks by letting down the ropes).
    • 1982, TC Boyle, Water Music, Penguin 2006, p. 34: He was born out back of a twopenny flophouse in what the wags called “The Holy Land” […].
Synonyms: doss-house
related terms:
  • lodging house
  • workingmen's hotel
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A flop; an utter failure.
floppy {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}} {{rhymes}}
etymology From flop + y.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Limp, not hard, firm, or rigid; flexible.
    • 2005, , , Bloomsbury Publishing, p. 3, The smile, the white collar worn with a dark shirt, the floppy breast-pocket handkerchief would surely be famous when the chaps in the rows behind were mere forgotten grins and frowns.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) A floppy disk
Synonyms: diskette
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Making or involving a flopping motion with the wrist(s).
    • 2011, Anna Humphrey, Mission (Un)Popular, Disney·Hyperion Books (2011), ISBN 9781423154587, page 104: Sarah waved one hand at us in this floppy-wristed way, like she was dismissing us from her royal throne room.
  2. (of a man, usually derogatory) Stereotypically gay; flamboyant.
Florida flambe {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}} etymology Florida + flambe Alternative forms: Florida flambé
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) Burning (catching fire) during execution by electric chair. {{defdate}}
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-web}}
flu {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: 'flu (dated), floo (dated) etymology abbreviation of influenza pronunciation
  • (UK) /fluː/
  • (Aus) /flʉː/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Influenza.
  2. (informal) Common cold.
Synonyms: (influenza) grippe, grip
flub up
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) To flub; to botch or mess up.
fluffy etymology Derived from the noun fluff pronunciation
  • /flʌfi/
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Covered with fluff. Fluffy bunny rabbit are really nice to stroke.
  2. Light; soft; airy. I like my scrambled eggs to be light and fluffy in texture.
  3. (colloquial) Warm and comfort. Being in love with my boyfriend gives me a fluffy feeling inside.
  4. (colloquial) Not clearly defined or explained; fuzzy.
    • 2008, R.Safley, Reagan's Game Someone sold you the fluffy idea that brains triumphs over strength when you were picked last for the sports team.
  5. Lightweight; superficial; lacking depth or seriousness.
    • 2006, Linda Nochlin, Bathers, Bodies, Beauty: The Visceral Eye (page 271) And she is represented reading with great concentration, and not some fluffy novel but the rather politically oriented and literary Le Figaro, its title prominent if upside down in the foreground.
related terms:
  • fluff
  • fluffiness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone or something that is fluffy.
    • 2014, William Gray, Cornwall with Kids (page 119) Children can pamper the fluffies in the pets' corner …
  2. (NZ) A babycino (frothy milk drink).
flukish etymology fluke + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Like a fluke; remarkably fortunate or improbable.
Synonyms: fluky, flukey
flunami etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An extreme influenza outbreak.
    • 2009, Mark Andersen, "Flu activity declining in Lincoln after peak", Lilcoln Journal Star, 6 November 2009: The H1N1 flunami crested in Lincoln late last month, according to Friday's weekly report.
flunk etymology Alteration of funk, or perhaps a {{blend}}. pronunciation
  • /flʌŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US, ambitransitive) Of a student, to fail a class; to not pass. He flunked math, again.
  2. (US, transitive) Of a teacher, to deny a student a passing grade. Unsatisfied with Fred's progress, the teacher flunked him.
  3. (US, dated, informal) To shirk (a task or duty).
  4. To back out through fear.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) someone who has given up an educational course
Synonyms: dropout
fluoro etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A fluorescent light
    • {{quote-news}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Of a fluorescent colour.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, dated) The act of fluster, or the state of being flustered.
{{Webster 1913}}
flustrate etymology See fluster.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To fluster. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The act of flustrating; confusion; flurry. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having flute or grooves, either for decoration or to trim weight.
  2. (Ireland, slang) Drunk; intoxicated.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of flute
fly {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /flaɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old English flȳġe, flēoge, from Proto-Germanic *fleugǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *plewk-. Cognate with Scots flee, Dutch vlieg, German Fliege, Swedish fluga.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (zoology) Any insect of the order Diptera; characterized by having two wings, also called true flies.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (non-technical) Especially, any of the insects of the family Muscidae, such as the common housefly (other families of Diptera include mosquito and midge).
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 5 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose. And the queerer the cure for those ailings the bigger the attraction. A place like the Right Livers' Rest was bound to draw freaks, same as molasses draws flies.”
  3. Any similar, but unrelated insect such as dragonfly or butterfly.
  4. (fishing) A lightweight fishing lure resembling an insect.
  5. (weightlifting) A chest exercise performed by moving extended arm from the sides to in front of the chest. (also flye)
  6. (obsolete) A witch's familiar.
    • Ben Jonson a trifling fly, none of your great familiars
  7. (obsolete) A parasite. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 From Middle English flien, from Old English flēogan, from Proto-Germanic *fleuganą (compare Saterland Frisian fljooge, Dutch vliegen, Low German flegen, German fliegen, Danish flyve), from Proto-Indo-European *plewk- (compare Lithuanian plaukti ‘to swim’), enlargement of *plew-. More at flow.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To travel through the air, another gas{{,}} or a vacuum, without being in contact with a grounded surface.
    • G. K. Chesterton Angels can fly because they take themselves lightly.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleBirds of passage fly to warmer regions as it gets colder in winter.   The Concorde flew from Paris to New York faster than any other passenger airplane.   It takes about eleven hours to fly from Frankfurt to Hongkong.   The little fairy flew home on the back of her friend, the giant eagle.
  2. (ambitransitive, archaic, poetic) To flee, to escape (from).
    • John Dryden Sleep flies the wretch.
    • William Shakespeare to fly the favours of so good a king
    • William Shakespeare Whither shall I fly to escape their hands?
    • John Milton Fly, ere evil intercept thy flight.
    • J. R. R. Tolkien He staggered and fell, grasped vainly at the stone, and slid into the abyss. “Fly, you fools!” he cried, and was gone.
    exampleFly, my lord! The enemy are upon us!
  3. (transitive, ergative) To cause to fly travel or float in the air: to transport via air or the like.
    • W. S. Gilbert The brave black flag I fly.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleCharles Lindbergh flew his airplane The Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic ocean.   Why don’t you go outside and fly kites, kids? The wind is just perfect.   Birds fly their prey to their nest to feed it to their young.   Each day the post flies thousands of letters around the globe.
  4. (intransitive, colloquial, of a proposal, project or idea) To be accepted, come about or work out. exampleLet's see if that idea flies.   You know, I just don't think that's going to fly. Why don't you spend your time on something better?
  5. (intransitive) To travel very fast.
    • John Milton Fly, envious Time, till thou run out thy race.
    • Bryant The dark waves murmured as the ships flew on.
    • {{quote-news}}
  6. To move suddenly, or with violence; to do an act suddenly or swiftly. examplea door flies open;  a bomb flies apart
  7. To hunt with a hawk. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (travel through air) soar, hover, wing, skim, glide, ascend, rise, float, aviate, (flee) escape, flee, abscond
  • (travel through air) walk
  • (flee) remain, stay
related terms:
  • flight
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The action of flying; flight.
  2. An act of flying. exampleWe had a quick half-hour fly back into the city.
  3. (baseball) A fly ball.
  4. (now historical) A type of small, fast carriage (sometimes pluralised flys).
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula, Folio Society 2008, p. 124: As we left the house in my fly, which had been waiting, Van Helsing said:— ‘Tonight I can sleep in peace [...].’
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 16 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , ““[…] She takes the whole thing with desperate seriousness. But the others are all easy and jovial—thinking about the good fare that is soon to be eaten, about the hired fly, about anything.””
    • 1924, Ford Madox Ford, Some Do Not…, Penguin 2012 (Parade's End), p. 54: And, driving back in the fly, Macmaster said to himself that you couldn't call Mrs. Duchemin ordinary, at least.
  5. A piece of canvas that covers the opening at the front of a tent.
  6. A strip of material hiding the zipper, buttons etc. at the front of a pair of trousers, pants, underpants, bootee, etc.
  7. The free edge of a flag.
  8. The horizontal length of a flag.
  9. Butterfly, a form of swimming.
  10. (weightlifting) An exercise that involves wide opening and closing of the arms perpendicular to the shoulders.
  11. The part of a vane pointing the direction from which the wind blows.
  12. (nautical) That part of a compass on which the points are marked; the compass card. {{rfquotek}}
  13. Two or more vanes set on a revolving axis, to act as a fanner, or to equalize or impede the motion of machinery by the resistance of the air, as in the striking part of a clock.
  14. A heavy wheel, or cross arms with weights at the ends on a revolving axis, to regulate or equalize the motion of machinery by means of its inertia, where the power communicated, or the resistance to be overcome, is variable, as in the steam engine or the coining press. See fly wheel.
  15. In a knitting machine, the piece hinged to the needle, which holds the engaged loop in position while the needle is penetrating another loop; a latch. {{rfquotek}}
  16. The pair of arms revolving around the bobbin, in a spinning wheel or spinning frame, to twist the yarn.
  17. (weaving) A shuttle driven through the shed by a blow or jerk. {{rfquotek}}
  18. (printing, historical) The person who took the printed sheets from the press.
  19. (printing, historical) A vibrating frame with fingers, attached to a power printing press for doing the same work.
  20. One of the upper screens of a stage in a theatre.
  21. (cotton manufacture) waste cotton
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, baseball) To hit a fly ball; to hit a fly ball that is caught for an out. Compare ground (verb) and line (verb). Jones flied to right in his last at-bat.
etymology 3 Origin uncertain; probably from the verb or noun.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, dated) Quick-witted, alert, mentally sharp, smart (in a mental sense). be assured, O man of sin—pilferer of small wares and petty larcener—that there is an eye within keenly glancing from some loophole contrived between accordions and tin breastplates that watches your every movement, and is "fly,"— to use a term peculiarly comprehensible to dishonest minds—to the slightest gesture of illegal conveyancing. (Charles Dickens, "Arcadia"; Household Words Vol.7 p.381)
  2. (slang) Well dress, smart in appearance. He's pretty fly.
  3. (slang) Beautiful; displaying physical beauty.
fly a kite
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang, archaic) To raise money on commercial notes.
{{Webster 1913}}
fly ball
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball, softball) A batted ball that has been hit into the air above the outfield; a fly.
  2. (slang) A geek; beatnik.
flyboy Alternative forms: fly-boy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Aircraft pilot, especially of a military combat aircraft.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A creature which flies at night; a nocturnal flier or traveler.
  2. One who departs or flees at night in order to avoid creditors, law enforcement etc. (often used attributively). Do not give your credit card number to that fly-by-night operation.
  3. (idiomatic, derogatory) A person or business that appear and disappear rapidly, or gives an impression of transience.
  4. (idiomatic, derogatory) A traveling businessman or tradesman.
The phrase implies that the quality of work done or goods sold is shoddy enough that the person responsible must leave town under cover of darkness to evade angry customers, or sometimes legal authorities. The earliest use of the phrase is said to have been a reproach for women, signifying that she was a witch.{{cite web|url=|title=Online Etymology Dictionary: fly-by-night|publisher=Douglas Harper|accessdate=2011-05-21}} The modern usage first appeared in 1823.
fly couch {{wikipedia}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) Fly in economy class.
flyhawk etymology fly + hawk
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (baseball, informal) A skilled outfielder.
    • {{quote-news}}
flying bishop etymology Compare flying doctor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) an itinerant bishop of the Church of England appointed to administer within another's diocese to those who refuse to accept the ordination of women
flying brick
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (aviation, colloquial) An aircraft which is too heavy and lacks sufficient power to be maneuver easily.
  2. (informal, chiefly, jocular) A fictional character who has superstrength, invulnerability and the ability to fly.
Often used to describe the Space Shuttle after its return to the Earth's atmosphere.
flying coffin
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An aircraft with an unacceptably high accident rate.
flying fuck
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar) Used as a further intensification of fuck in some phrases
    • You Can’t Park There!: The Highs and Lows of an Air Ambulance Doctor, 117, 1448117461, Tony Bleetman, 2012, If there was someone out there with their face embedded in the windscreen of a mangled car, I doubted very much whether they'd give two flying fucks if I turned up in a pink tutu and hobnail boots.
flying monkeys
noun: {{head}}
  1. (plurale tantum, informal, chiefly, ironic or humorous) winged monkeys
flying rat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) a rock pigeon living in an urban environment.
flying saucer {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An unidentified flying object; UFO; usually with disc-like properties. Some connect the recent spate of flying saucer sightings with a rumored top-secret military aviation project.
  2. In fiction, an alien interplanetary vessel with a disc-like shape and generally metallic appearance.
Flying Spaghetti Monster
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (humorous) A deity consisting of spaghetti and meatballs said to be creator of the universe.
    • {{quote-journal }}
    • {{quote-news }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
Synonyms: FSM
flyness etymology fly + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (AAVE, slang) The quality of being sharp or smart in appearance.
    • 1999, Vibe (volume 7, issues 1-2) The charismatic 29-year-old Harlemite is the premier gladiator in a subterranean realm where the quest for flyness is the prime directive.
    • 2004, Cheryl Lynette Keyes, Rap music and street consciousness (page 194) The fly personae in these films influenced a wave of black contemporary youth who resurrected flyness and its continuum in hip-hop culture.
flyover state
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, mildly, pejorative) Any state of the United States that is often passed over by intercoastal flight, rather than being a popular destination.
related terms:
  • flyover country
FML Alternative forms: F.M.L., fml
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (Internet slang, vulgar) Fuck my life (expressing despairing annoyance).
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang) Representing a dirty laugh at some sexual innuendo.
    • 1994, Joseph O'Connor, The secret world of the Irish male It's all downhill from here, fnar, fnar, no more horizontal hokey-cokey for you, eh grandad?
    • 1998, John Pym, Time Out film guide Chase makes fnar fnar jokes about her death being a result of his sexual prowess...
    • 2006, Damon Hammond, Totally Steaming: A Year on HMS Fearless ...enjoy the combination of a general easing of discipline (to aid retention) and mixed sex (and I mean that any way you want to take it, fnar fnar).
  • Fran
fo' etymology {{clipping}}, from non-rhotic dialects, notably African American Vernacular English. Compare ho#Etymology 2, mo#Etymology 5.
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. (informal) for
  • OF, OF., of
fo'c's'le etymology Contraction of forecastle. Alternative forms: fo’c’sle pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈfɒksəl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, nautical) Forecastle.
    • 1873, Thomas Edward Brown, Betsy Lee, a fo’c’s’le yarn, main title
    • 1881, Thomas Edward Brown, Fo’c’s’le yarns: including Betsy Lee, and other poems (Macmillan, reprint of 1873 publication quoted above), main title
    • 1900, Frank Thomas Bullen, With Christ at Sea: A Personal Record of Religious Experiences on Board Ship for Fifteen Years … (Stokes), pages 20{1}, 21{2}, and 22{3}: {1} Now I had been expressly forbidden to go into the men’s quarters, the fo’c’s’le. It was so bad a place to be in — leaky, dark, and mephitic — that one would hardly have thought any prohibition necessary, but there was cheerfulness and animated conversation there. {2} Thus I became a fo’c’s’le hand, and never but once — and that only for a short passage — have I filled a steward’s place since. {3} In becoming a denizen of the fo’c’s’le I entered unconsciously upon the fourth great change in my life.
    • 1997, David Kasanof and Matthew P. Murphy, From the Fo’c’s’le, main title (Sheridan House, Inc.; ISBN 1‒57409‒034‒8)
fo'c'sle etymology Contraction of forecastle. Alternative forms: fo’c’s’le pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈfəʊksəl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, nautical) Forecastle.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An obsessive railfan
  2. A device which foam or froth liquid
  • femora
foam rubber {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Expanded latex.
  2. (informal) Expanded polyurethane, the padding often used in cars and furniture.
FOB Alternative forms: F.O.B., F. O. B.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (incoterm) Free On Board, indicating that the quoted price doesn't include shipping
  2. (slang) Fresh Off the Boat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military) initialism of forward operating base
  2. Flash of Brilliance
  3. (US, politics) friend of Bill; a supporter of Bill Clinton
    • 2007, David Lebedoff, The Uncivil War: How a New Elite Is Destroying Our Democracy (page 133) It seemed at times that everyone was an FOB — everyone, that is, who'd emerged from the ivyest groves of academia …
  4. (Indian) foot overbridge - pedestrian overpass
    • August 30, 2014, D. Madhavan, Need for foot over bridge keenly felt FOB, for a safe cross-over: At present, a traffic policeman has been posted in front of D.G. Vaishnav College to help pedestrians cross during the rush hour. There has been an inordinate delay in starting work on the foot over bridge (FOB) with escalators in front of D.G. Vaishnav College on Poonamallee High Road in Arumbakkam. The FOB at P.H. Road, which is maintained by the state highways department, is one of seven similar facilities planned at various places in the city at a cost of Rs. 28 crore and being executed by the department.
  5. A recent immigrant (derived from "fresh off the boat")
  • (in reference to Filipinos) Commonly used as an insult. But in recent times, it describes a Filipino background. Like FLIP, it's considered to be insulting, but Filipinos take it to be something of pride. FOB refers to having one of the Filipino accents, usually Tagalog accent. Filipino's take FOB and mean it as "Filipino on Vacation" where in Tagalog it would be pronounced "Filipino on Bakasyon" or something of the sort. It also means newcomer, or someone who is "Fresh" meaning they have the spirit of the native Filipino in them still.
  • BOF
  • FBO
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (military, particularly on an aircraft carrier's deck) foreign object debris
  2. (slang) fuck off and die
  • DOF
  • ODF
fodder etymology From Middle English, from Old English fōdor, from Proto-Germanic *fōdrą (compare Western Frisian foer, Dutch voer 'pasture, fodder', German Futter 'feed', Danish and Swedish foder), from *fōdô 'food', from Proto-Indo-European *pat- 'to feed', *peh₂- 〈*peh₂-〉. More at food. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Food for animals; that which is fed to cattle, horses, and sheep, such as hay, cornstalks, vegetables, etc.
    • 1598?, William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona,Act I, scene I: The sheep for fodder follow the shepherd, the shepherd for food follows not the sheep.
  2. (historical) A load: various English unit of weight or volume base upon standardize cartload of certain commodities, generally around 1000 kg.
    • 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, p. 168: Now measured by the old hundred, that is, 108 lbs. the charrus contains nearly 19 1/2 hundreds, that is it corresponds to the fodder, or fother, of modern times.
  3. (slang, drafting, design) Tracing paper.
  4. (figurative) Something which serves as inspiration or encouragement, especially for satire or humour.
    • {{quote-news}} According to the audio commentary on “Treehouse Of Horror III,” some of the creative folks at The Simpsons were concerned that the “Treehouse Of Horror” franchise had outworn its welcome and was rapidly running out of classic horror or science-fiction fodder to spoof.
  5. (cryptic crosswords) The text to be operate on (anagram, etc.) within a clue.
    • 2009, "Colin Blackburn", another 1-off cryptic clue. (on newsgroup rec.puzzles.crosswords) In (part of) Shelley's poem Ozymandias is a "crumbling statue". If this is the explanation then the clue is not a reverse cryptic in the same was{{SIC}} as GEGS -> SCRAMBLED EGGS but a normal clue where where the fodder and anagrind are *both* indirect.
    • 2012, David Astle, Puzzled: Secrets and clues from a life in words Insane Roman! (4) … Look in -sane Roman and you'll uncover NERO, the insane Roman. Dovetailing the signpost — in — with the hidden foddersane Roman — is inspired, an embedded style of signposting.
Synonyms: (animal food) forage, provender, (cartload) See load
  • (cartload) See load
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (dialect) To feed animals (with fodder).
  • forded
fœtid etymology From Latin misspelling ‘foetidus’, corruption of fetidus, originally fetere. pronunciation
  • /ˈfɛtɪd/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (hypercorrect) nonstandard spelling of fetid
fog {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /fɒɡ/
  • (US) often /fɑɡ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Origin uncertain; perhaps a {{back-form}} or perhaps related to the Dutch vocht and German feucht (moisture)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A thick cloud that forms near the ground; the obscurity of such a cloud.
    • {{RQ:BLwnds TLdgr}} Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor;{{nb...}}.
  2. (uncountable) A mist or film clouding a surface.
  3. A state of mind characterized by lethargy and confusion. exampleHe did so many drugs, he was still in a fog three months after going through detox.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 4 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “I was on my way to the door, but all at once, through the fog in my head, I began to sight one reef that I hadn't paid any attention to afore.”
  4. (photography) A silver deposit or other blur on a negative or developed photographic image.
  • To count sense thick cloud, bank of fog is usually used.
  • To count sense clouding a surface, foggy patch is usually used.
Synonyms: (cloud that forms at a low altitude and obscures vision) mist, haze, (mist or film clouding a surface) steam, (state of mind characterized by lethargy and confusion) daze, haze
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To become covered with or as if with fog.
  2. (intransitive) To become obscured in condensation or water. The mirror fogged every time he showered.
  3. (intransitive, photography) To become dim or obscure.
  4. (transitive) To cover with or as if with fog.
    • 1968, Eighth Annual Report, Metropolitan Corporation of Greater Winnipeg, p 7: Fogging for adult mosquito control began on June 4th in residential areas. Until September 25th, the Metro area was fogged eleven times, using nine truck-mounted foggers, eight hand swing foggers, and two boats.
  5. (transitive) To obscure in condensation or water.
    • Foreclosure Prevention and Intervention: The Importance of Loss Mitigation, United States Congress, House Committee on Financial Services. Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity - Foreclosure, 2008, page 46, “Unfortunately, the pendulum has swung way too far to the other end where the saying in the industry is is that if you could fog a mirror, you could get a loan.”
  6. (transitive) To make confusing or obscure.
  7. (transitive, photography) To make dim or obscure.
  8. To practice in a small or mean way; to pettifog.
    • Dryden Where wouldst thou fog to get a fee?
Synonyms: (to become obscured in condensation or water) become cloudy, become steamy, (to make confusing or obscure) blur, cloud, obscure
etymology 2 Origin uncertain; compare Norwegian fogg.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A new growth of grass appearing on a field that has been mow or graze.
  2. (UK, dialect) Tall and decaying grass left standing after the cutting or grazing season; foggage. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (Scotland) Moss.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To pasture cattle on the fog, or aftergrass, of; to eat off the fog from.
foggetaboutit Alternative forms: fuhgedaboudit etymology
  • phrase is associated with gangsters and Italian ethnicity, often used in the movies and the television show .
  • /fəˈɡɛdəˌbaʊ.dɪt/
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (slang, US, ethnic) eye dialect of forget about it
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. alternative spelling of fogey
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better.{{nb...}}
  2. (US, military, dated, slang) Extra pay granted to officer for length of service.
fogyism etymology fogy + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) The principles and conduct of a fogy.
{{Webster 1913}}
foid etymology Shortening of feldspathoid.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (geology, colloquial) alternative form of feldspathoid
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) foie gras
    • 2005, Los Angeles Magazine (volume 50, number 5, page 159) Everything's even better than it sounds: endive, watercress, and aged Stilton salad, frog legs amandine with celeriac puree, buffalo foie burger with truffle fries on a brioche bun, campfire trout.
    • 2006, Chuck Johnson, ‎Blanche Johnson, Savor Idaho Cookbook Season the foie and sear until dark golden brown. Drain off and reserve the foie, adding the fat back into the pan and bring heat back up.
etymology 1 Probably from obsolete Dutch vuisten, from Middle Dutch vuysten, from vuyst; akin to Old English fyst. pronunciation
  • (UK) /fɔɪst/
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To introduce or insert surreptitiously or without warrant.
    • 2006 — , The Gift of Language attempts to foist alleged grammatical “correctness” on native speakers of an “incorrect” dialect are nothing but the unacknowledged and oppressive exercise of social control
    • “the Tale of Zayn al-Asnám is one of two which Galland repudiated, as having been foisted into his 8th volume without his knowledge ”, William Alexander Clouston , {{wsource}} ,
  2. (transitive) To force another to accept especially by stealth or deceit.
  3. (transitive) To pass off as genuine or worthy.
    • {{rfdate}} Jonathan Spivak — foist costly and valueless products on the public
Synonyms: fob off, pass off, pawn off, palm off
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical slang) A thief or pickpocket.
    • 1977, Gãmini Salgãdo, The Elizabethan Underworld, Folio Society 2006, p. 54: The foist had lately arrived form the country and was known to be doing a thriving trade in and around Westminster Hall where many country folk and others came to see lawyers.
etymology 2 Old French fuste, from Latin {{lena}} fustis.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A light and fast-sailing ship. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
fold {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) /fəʊld/
  • (GenAm) {{enPR}}, /foʊld/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Middle English folden, from Old English fealdan, from Proto-Germanic *falþaną, from Proto-Indo-European *palo-, *plō-, compare Albanian palë. Akin to Dutch vouwen, German falten, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌰𐌽 〈𐍆𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌰𐌽〉, Old Norse falda (Danish folde).
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To bend (any thin material, such as paper) over so that it comes in contact with itself.
  2. (transitive) To make the proper arrangement (in a thin material) by bending. If you fold the sheets, they'll fit more easily in the drawer.
  3. (intransitive) To become folded; to form folds. Cardboard doesn't fold very easily.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To fall over; to be crush. The chair folded under his enormous weight.
  5. (transitive) To enclose within folded arms (see also enfold).
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Chapter 21 He put out his arms and folded her to his breast. And for a while she lay there sobbing. He looked at us over her bowed head, with eyes that blinked damply above his quivering nostrils. His mouth was set as steel.
  6. (intransitive) To give way on a point or in an argument.
  7. (intransitive, poker) To withdraw from bet. With no hearts in the river and no chance to hit his straight, he folded.
  8. (transitive, cooking) To stir gently, with a folding action. Fold the egg whites into the batter.
  9. (intransitive, business) Of a company, to cease to trade. The company folded after six quarters of negative growth.
  10. To double or lay together, as the arms or the hands. He folded his arms in defiance.
  11. To cover or wrap up; to conceal.
    • Shakespeare Nor fold my fault in cleanly coined excuses.
Synonyms: (bend (thin material) over) bend, crease, (fall over) fall over, (give way on a point or in an argument) concede, give in, give way, yield
  • unfold
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An act of folding.
  2. A bend or crease.
    • Francis Bacon mummies … shrouded in a number of folds of linen
    • J. D. Dana Folds are most common in the rocks of mountainous regions.
  3. Any correct move in origami.
  4. A group of sheep or goats.
  5. A group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church.
  6. (newspapers) The division between the top and bottom halves of a broadsheet: headlines above the fold will be readable in a newsstand display; usually the fold.
  7. (by extension, web design) The division between the part of a web page visible in a web browser window without scrolling; usually the fold.
  8. (geology) The bending or curving of one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, as a result of plastic (i.e. permanent) deformation.
  9. (computing, programming) In functional programming, any of a family of higher-order function that process a data structure recursive to build up a value.
  10. That which is folded together, or which enfolds or envelops; embrace.
    • Shakespeare Shall from your neck unloose his amorous fold.
  11. {{rfdef}}
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "", BBC Sport, 1 September 2013: Having suffered the loss of Rooney just as he had returned to the fold, Moyes' mood will not have improved as Liverpool took the lead in the third minute.
Synonyms: (act of folding) bending, creasing., (bend or crease) bend, crease., (home, family), (correct move in origami)
etymology 2 From Middle English fold, fald, from Old English fald, falæd, falod, from Proto-Germanic *faludaz. Akin to Scots fald, fauld, Dutch vaalt, gml valt, Danish fold, Swedish fålla.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals.
  2. (figuratively) Home, family.
  3. (religion, Christian) A church congregation, a church, the Christian church as a whole, the flock of Christ. John, X, 16: "Other sheep I have which are not of this fold."
  4. (obsolete) A boundary or limit. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: enclosure, pen, penfold, pinfold
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To confine sheep in a fold. The star that bids the shepherd fold — Milton.
etymology 3 From Middle English, from Old English folde, from Proto-Germanic *fuldǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-. Cognate with Norwegian and Icelandic fold.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dialectal, poetic or obsolete) The Earth; earth; land, country.
folding {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Designed to fold; as a folding bed, a folding bicycle, a folding chair, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The action of fold; a fold.
    • Addison The lower foldings of the vest.
    • 2007, Greg Patent, ‎Dave McLean, A Baker's Odyssey Refrigerating the dough between rollings and foldings also makes the dough easy to handle and prevents the butter from becoming too soft.
  2. The keeping of sheep in enclosure on arable land, etc.
  3. (computing, programming) : a source code display technique that can hide the contents of method, class, etc. for easier navigation.
  4. (geology) the deformation of the Earth's crust in response to slow lateral compression.
  5. (slang) Paper money, as opposed to coin.
    • 1953, Raymond Chandler, The Long Goodbye, Penguin 2010, p. 123: He has written twelve of these fat sex and sword-play historical novels and every damn one of them has been on the best-seller lists. He must have made plenty of the folding.
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of fold
folding stuff
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Paper money.
folklorish etymology folklore + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Typical or similar to folklore.
folknik etymology folk + nik
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, dated) A folk music enthusiast.
  • kinfolk
folksy pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Characteristic of simple country life.
  2. Informal, affable and familiar.
Synonyms: (affable and familiar) chummy
folky etymology folk + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (music, informal) Having the character of folk music The band opened with a folky little number.
related terms:
  • folksy
follicly challenged etymology follicle + ly, as if "follicle" were an adjective, and challenged Alternative forms: follically challenged, follicle-challenged, follicularly challenged
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorously, politically correct, euphemistic, of a, person) bald
follow etymology From Middle English folwen, folȝen, folgen from Old English folġian, fylgan, from Proto-Germanic *fulgijaną. Cognate with Scots folow, falow Saterland Frisian foulgje, Western Frisian folgje, Dutch volgen, German folgen, Danish følge, Swedish följa, Icelandic fylgja. More at folk. See also full. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈfɒləʊ/
  • (GenAm) /ˈfɑloʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To go after; to pursue; to move behind in the same path or direction. exampleFollow that car!
  2. (transitive) To go or come after in a sequence. exampleB follows A in the alphabet. We both ordered the soup, with roast beef to follow.
  3. (transitive) To carry out (orders, instructions, etc.).
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 4 , “The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track.…Their example was followed by others at a time when the master of Mohair was superintending in person the docking of some two-year-olds, and equally invisible.”
    exampleFollow these instructions to the letter.
  4. (transitive) To live one's life according to (religion, teachings, etc).
  5. (transitive) To understand, to pay attention to. exampleDo you follow me?
  6. (transitive) To watch, to keep track of (reports of) some event or person. exampleI followed the incumbent throughout the election.
  7. (transitive) To be a logical consequence of. exampleIt follows that if two numbers are not equal then one is larger than the other.
  8. (transitive) To walk in, as a road or course; to attend upon closely, as a profession or calling.
    • Shakespeare O, had I but followed the arts!
Synonyms: (go after in a physical space) trail, tail, (in a sequence) succeed, (carry out) pursue, (be a consequence) ensue
  • (go after in a physical space) guide, lead
  • (go after in a sequence) precede
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, attributive) In billiards and similar games, a stroke causing a ball to follow another ball after hitting it. a follow shot
  • {{rank}}
follower {{wikipedia}} etymology {{-er}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (literally) One who follow, comes after another.
  2. Something that comes after another thing.
  3. One who is a part of master's physical group, such as a servant or retainer.
  4. One who follows mentally, adherer to the opinions, ideas or teachings of another, a movement etc.
  5. An imitator, who follows another's example
  6. A pursuer.
  7. A machine part receiving motion from another
  8. A man courting a maidservant.
  9. Young cattle.
  10. A metal piece placed at the top of a candle to keep the wax melting evenly.
  11. (Australian rules football) Any of the three players (the ruckman, ruck rover, and rover) who usually follow the ball around the ground rather than occupying a fixed position.
  12. (colloquial, dated) A debt collector.
  • leader
  • precursor
related terms:
  • following
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang) A large, portable touchscreen device, particularly a tablet computer. Seagate wants to get the UM HDD into Android-powered fondleslabs pronto, though the drive would be just at home in Ultrabooks and other skinny laptops.
    • {{quote-web }} Fondle-slab to be miniaturised, gain killer voice app ... Our secret reader poll in past weeks suggested that the likeliest names for the iPad would be the Fondle-Slab™ or iStroke™. In the event those predictions turned out to be wrong, but we feel that Steve Jobs may not overlook such marketing gold in future. It seems a racing cert that legions of Apple fans will enjoy full satisfaction from their fondle-slabs and pocket stroker devices for many years to come. ®
    • {{quote-web }} What with Apple's iOS leading the tablet pack and a herd of Android-based fondleslabs poised to enter the market, it's enticing to read of an Ubuntu-based tablet that's rumored to hit the market in early 2011.
    • {{quote-web }} Fondleslab A touchscreen device, particularly a tablet computer, to which its owner appears unnaturally attached.
    • {{quote-web }} Fondleslab Selfie
noun: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete) plural of foe
  2. (informal) phone
Fonzie touch etymology From Arthur "" Fonzarelli in the 1974-1984 TV series Happy Days.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Hitting an electrical appliance to make it work. Any similar rough treatment that proves successful.
    • 2003, http// Often when something doesn't work for me, I just restart the computer and try again. Often this jars something loose, akin to the ole Fonzie touch.
    • 2005, Jesse M. Torres, Peter Sideris, Surviving PC Disasters, Mishaps, and Blunders, Page 53, We wish we had the Fonzie touch — give it a little kick and voila, it's working. Unfortunately, printers don't like to be kicked.
    • 2005, Rocket Jones (archive). http// I have to do that to get the door of my pickup truck open sometimes. - Rookie astronaut Donald Pettit after he used his Fonzie touch to open a hatch on the International Space Station
    • 2006, http// I had the driver’s side window motor replaced about three weeks ago on my ‘03 MC. Last weekend, the passenger side started acting up, but I guess I don’t have the “Fonzie” touch — beating on the door panel didn’t do anything but hurt my hand.
    • 2007, Sporting News Magazine http// Usually, when things in the dashboard don't work, I just bang on it, and they start working again. This happened often with the speedometer. The Fonzie touch would not work for the radio.
etymology 1 Circa 1935 as nonsense word, circa 1960 in programming sense. {{rel-top}} Originated circa 1935 as nonsense word in Smokey Stover comic strip (1935–73) by Bill Holman (from which also foo fighter).“[ foo]”, ''[ The Jargon File]'' Holman states that his usage was from seeing “foo” on the base of a jade Chinese figurine in , meaning “good luck”, presumably a transliteration of the fu character 〈fú〉, "[ The History of Bill Holman]", [], Smokey Stover LLC – article by nephew of Bill Holman"[ Warner Brothers Cartoon Companion]" and figurines of the trio of eponymous male "star gods" are common in Chinese communities. Meaning influenced by fooey, fool, and feh. Used throughout the comic strip’s run, with later uses in the 1930s include The Daffy Doc (1938) and . In computing usage, popularized by the Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC), whose 1959 Dictionary of the TMRC Language, had an entry similar to the following, parodying the mantra Om mani padme hum (replacing om with foo): FOO: The first syllable of the sacred chant phrase “FOO MANE PADME HUM.” Our first obligation is to keep the foo counters turning. Related also to foobar, which is presumably derived from foo rather than the reverse. {{rel-bottom}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /fuː/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) A metasyntactic variable used to represent an unspecified entity. If part of a series of such entities, it is often the first in the series, and followed immediately by bar. Suppose we have two objects, foo and bar.
related terms:
  • foobar
  • foo fighter
etymology 2 Onomatopoeia.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. Expression of disappointment or disgust. Oh foo – the cake burnt!
Synonyms: (expression of disgust) darn, drat
etymology 3 Abbreviation of fool. Alternative forms: foo'
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) fool, foolish person.
etymology 4
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. alternative form of Foo
  • {{seeCites}}
  • oof
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of foo short form of fool
foobar {{wikipedia}} etymology Phonetic spelling of “FUBAR”, which is either an acronym for “Fucked up beyond all recognition”, or derived from foo.“[ foo]”, ''[ The Jargon File]'' pronunciation
  • /ˈfuːˌbɑː(ɹ)/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A serious mistake.
  2. (computing) A metasyntactic variable name, a place holder for words; compare foo, bar.
related terms:
  • foo
  • foo fighter
food etymology From Middle English fode, fude, from Old English fōda, from Proto-Germanic *fōdô, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- 〈*peh₂-〉. Cognate with Scots fuid, Low German föde, vöde, Danish føde, Swedish föda, Icelandic fæða, fæði, Gothic 𐍆𐍉𐌳𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍃 〈𐍆𐍉𐌳𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍃〉, Latin pānis, Latin pāscō. Related to fodder, foster. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /fuːd/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /fud/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Any substance that can be consumed by living organisms, especially by eat, in order to sustain life. exampleThe innkeeper brought them food and drink.
  2. (countable) A foodstuff. exampleThis shop stocks many hundreds of different foods.
  3. (uncountable, figuratively) Anything that nourishes or sustains. exampleThe man's inspiring speech gave us food for thought. Mozart and Bach are food for my soul.
    • {{rfdate}} William Shakespeare This may prove food to my displeasure.
    • {{rfdate}} William Wordsworth In this moment there is life and food / For future years.
  • Adjectives often applied to "food": raw, cooked, baked, fried, grilled, processed, healthy, unhealthy, wholesome, nutritious, safe, toxic, tainted, adulterated, tasty, delicious, fresh, stale, sweet, sour, spicy, exotic, marine.
Synonyms: (substance consumed by living organisms) bellytimber, chow (slang), comestible (formal), eats (slang), feed (for domesticated animals), fodder (for domesticated animals), foodstuff, nosh (slang), nourishment, sustenance, victuals, (anything intended to supply energy or nourishment of an entity or idea) brainfood, (foodstuff) bellytimber, foodstuff
related terms:
  • feed
  • fodder
  • {{rank}}
  • doof
foodaholic etymology food + aholic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A lover of food; a foodie.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (humorous) plural of foodaholic
food baby
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, humorous) A large amount of eaten food that causes the belly to protrude.
    • 2006, Sean Makiney, Belegana: Just a Silly Wite Man, Belegana, Ltd, page 153: I went to the restroom to give birth to a food baby...
    • 2008, Diablo Cody & Jason Reitman, Juno: The Shooting Script, Newmarket Press, page 5: JUNO: (in low tones) Dude, I'm pregnant. LEAH: Maybe it's just a food baby. Did you have a big lunch?
    • 2009, A. J. Walkley, Queer Greer, A. J. Walkley, page 233: "Becs, look, I ate so much I have a food baby," I said, pushing out my stomach for her entertainment.
    • 2010, Jordan Pease, Don't Let Me Go: Based on A True Story, Trafford Publishing, page 140: If this hadn't been a dinner for me and I had been a little bit trashier, I totally would have undone my belt and button on my jeans, because my food baby was kicking.
    • 2010, Virginia Maxwell, Alex Leviton & Leif Pettersen, Tuscany & Umbria, Lonely Planet, page 191: Dishes are largely composed of lighter fare - such as smoked swordfish and salmon salad - much appreciated when you're still carrying a food baby from a previous meal.

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