The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


green {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz (compare Western Frisian grien, Dutch groen, Low German grön, green, greun, German grün, Swedish grön, Danish grøn), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrōni- (compare Church Slavic грань 〈granʹ〉), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁ 〈*gʰreh₁〉. More at grow. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɡɹiːn/
  • (US) /ɡɹin/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Having green as its color. exampleThe former Flag of Libya#Great_Socialist_People.27s_Libyan_Arab_Jamahiriya_.281977.E2.80.932011.29 is completely green.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 8 , “The day was cool and snappy for August, and the Rise all green with a lavish nature. Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet:….”
  2. (figurative, of people) Sickly, unwell. exampleSally looks pretty green — is she going to be sick?
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) to look so green and pale
  3. (figurative, of people) Inexperienced. exampleJohn's kind of green, so take it easy on him this first week.
    • Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) I might be angry with the officious zeal which supposes that its green conceptions can instruct my grey hairs.
  4. (figurative, of people) Naïve or unaware of obvious facts.
  5. (figurative, of people) Overcome with envy. exampleHe was green with envy.
  6. (figurative) Environmentally friendly.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  7. (cricket) Describing a pitch which, even if there is no visible grass, still contains a significant amount of moisture.
  8. (dated) Of bacon or similar smallgoods: unprocessed, raw, unsmoked; not smoked or spiced.“unsmoked bacon used to be called green bacon, though the term is losing currency” [,17,IN.html Delia Online: Bacon, including gammon]
  9. (dated) Not fully roasted; half raw.
    • Isaac Watts (1674-1748) We say the meat is green when half roasted.
  10. Unripe, said of certain fruits that change color when they ripen.
  11. Of freshly cut wood or lumber that has not been dried: containing moisture and therefore relatively more flexible or springy. exampleThat timber is still too green to be used. {{rfquotek}}
  12. (wine) High or too high in acidity.
  13. Full of life and vigour; fresh and vigorous; new; recent. examplea green manhood;   a green wound
    • Edmund Burke (1729-1797) as valid against such an old and beneficent government as against…the greenest usurpation
  14. (Philippines) describing something with a sexual connotation
  15. (particle physics) Having a color charge of green.
Synonyms: (of bacon: unprocessed) raw, unprocessed, unsmoked, (of wine: high in acidity) tart, See also , See also
  • (having green as its colour) nongreen, ungreen
  • (having green as its colour charge) antigreen
  • (of bacon: unprocessed) processed, smoked, spiced
  • (of wine: high in acidity) cloy, sweet
  • (of certain fruits: ready to be eaten) ripe
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. The colour of growing foliage, as well as other plant cell containing chlorophyll; the colour between yellow and blue in the visible spectrum; one of the primary additive colour for transmitted light; the colour obtained by subtracting red and blue from white light using cyan and yellow filters. {{color panel}}
  2. (politics, sometimes capitalised) A member of a green party; an environmentalist.
  3. (golf) A putting green, the part of a golf course near the hole.
  4. (bowls) The surface upon which bowls is played.
  5. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 3 points.
  6. (British) a public patch of land in the middle of a settlement.
  7. A grassy plain; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage.
    • Milton o'er the smooth enamelled green
  8. (mostly, in plural) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths.
    • Alexander Pope In that soft season when descending showers / Call forth the greens, and wake the rising flowers.
  9. Any substance or pigment of a green colour.
  10. (British, slang, uncountable) marijuana.
  11. (US, uncountable) Money.
  12. (particle physics) One of the three color charge for quarks.
Synonyms: (environmentalist) environmentalist, greenbody greenie (Australian) treehugger, (green vegetables) veg (informal), (putting green) putting green, (surface on which bowls is played) bowling green
related terms:
  • greens
  • wintergreen
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To make (something) green, to turn (something) green.
    • Thomson Great spring before greened all the year.
  2. To become or grow green in colour. {{rfquotek}} By greening slope and singing flood. — Whittier.
  3. (transitive) To add greenspace to (a town).
  4. (intransitive) To become environmentally aware.
  5. (transitive) To make (something) environmentally friendly.
Synonyms: (make (something) green) engreen
  • {{rank}}
  • genre
  • neger
  • regen
Green, White and Gold etymology From the 19th century, to describe an earlier flag that incorporated a golden harp. The term is still used informally even though the modern Irish flag is green, white and orange.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The flag of the Republic of Ireland.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-comparative of green
    • Mervyn Peake, Gormenghast Her crimson dress inflames grey corridors, or flaring in a sunshaft through high branches makes of the deep green shadows a greenness darker yet, and a darkness greener.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A newcomer; a recent immigrant.
  2. (slang, derogatory) A person with a passion for protect the natural environment; an ecological activist.
  • reneger
greenery etymology green + ery pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹiːnəɹi/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. green foliage or verdure
  2. foliage used as decoration
  3. (slang) marijuana
green-eyed monster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) Envy, jealousy, covetousness.
    • {{RQ:Shakespeare Othello}}, scene III, line 165-167 (178–180 in later revision): [Iago:] O, beware, my lord, of jealousy; It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock The meat it feeds on; [...]
    • {{RQ:Wodehouse Offing}}
Usually prefaced by "the".
Green Goddess
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, informal) a fire engine used by the army
greengrocing etymology From greengrocer, as though it were constructed from a verb and -er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous, nonce) Greengrocery, the trade of selling fruit and vegetables.
    • 1907, Robert Elliott, Act of God I'm goin' into the greengrocing tryde meself...
    • 1931, Lionel Britton, Hunger and love And to think how you had stuck that greengrocing job, when there were jobs like this to be had for the asking!
    • 1999, Helen Paiba, Kate Sheppard, Funny Stories for Six Year Olds "I expect they get the union rates for bright greengrocing lads."
    • 2006, Michael Lingaard, The other side of magik: the first tale of the mirror worlds Garreth nodded, but he could feel panic rising; greengrocing? Selling vegetables? 'Could I be excused from the table?' Garreth inquired...
Green Hornet etymology Named after Green Hornet, an American fictional vigilante, originally a character on a radio serial.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military, informal) In the Vietnam War, a member of the US Air Force's 20th Special Operations Squadron, who used the Bell UH-1F variant of the "Huey" military helicopter.
green hornet
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, slang) bylaw officer.{{attention}}
greenhouse cockpit
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, aviation) A distinctive style of cockpit with numerous windows, rather than just the front windscreen, as seen on such types as the Lancaster and Stirling bomber.
greenie etymology From green + ie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, Australia, New Zealand, slang, often, derogatory) An environmentalist; someone who shows concern for the environment.
    • 2000, Australian Association for Environmental Education, Australian Journal of Environmental Education, Volumes 15-17, page 73, People ask me if am I a greenie and I go, ‘No, not in the sense that I chain myself to trees, no I′m not. But in the sense that I am concerned about the environment and do my little bit to help, then yes I am.’
    • 2008, Adeline Catherine Anderson, Morning Light, page 83, “What′s a greenie doing with a gas hog like that?”
    • 2009, Sean Dooley, Cooking With Baz, Large Print 16pt Edition, page 25, ‘And whadda you want?’ the barman spat at me. Above his head was a large sign that read ‘Fertilize the Bush – Doze in a Greenie’. I was dressed in a flannelette shirt and army trousers – exactly like the Greenie protestors they′d been battling the previous year.
  2. (Australia, by extension) A member of the Green Party.
  3. (US, Wyoming, derogatory, slang) A person from Colorado; after the color of the Colorado license plate.
    • 2007, James Prosek, Joseph Furia, Steven Hayhurst, Joseph Kingsbery, Tight Lines: Ten Years of the Yale Anglers′ Journal, page 140, At Alcova, the problem is compounded for the fool or fools when they have greenie license plates and behave like tourists. The growing combative presence in their rear is chalk full of true Wyoming grit.
  4. (US, slang) A beginner, a novice.
    • 1969, Harry Golden, The Right Time: An Autobiography, page 45, …“When the teacher says ‘Good Morning,’ you say, ‘Fuck You.’ That′s what you say in America.” Sometimes they varied this with “son of a bitch.” Sure enough the greenie parroted these instructions to the merriment of the classroom.
    • 1981, William Albert Wilson, On Being Human: The Folklore of Mormon Missionaries, Volumes 60-66, page 9, In California a senior companion offered to demonstrate to his new greenie how he succeeded in placing Books of Mormon in people′s houses. The two of them knocked on a door. A woman answered, and the senior companion threw a book past her into the house and then ran, leaving the greenie to stammer out an explanation to the irate woman.
    • 2001, Marcus Sheridan, Heavenly Father's Angels: The Ultimate Missionary Guide, page 78, If you, as a trainer, work to instill a vision in your greenie, his whole mission will be drastically changed.
    • 2004, Robert T Uda, Mission Accomplished, page 90, When you become a trainer, be the best trainer a greenie ever had.
    • 2008, Brian D. Krueger, The College Grad Job Hunter, page 207, You will probably know pretty quickly if you are dealing with a “greenie” who is reading from a script or a seasoned professional. If it′s a greenie, give him a polite “no thank you” and hang up. But stick with the pro through the entire call.
  5. (US, slang) A tablet of amphetamine.
    • 1992, Michael Y. Sokolove, Hustle: Myth, Life and Lies of Pete Rose, page 79, Some players took a greenie before every game.
    • 2010, Aaron Skirboll, The Pittsburgh Cocaine Seven: How a Ragtag Group of Fans Took the Fall for Major League Baseball, page 36, Feeling down? Pop a greenie. Had a rough night? Pop a greenie. Long road trip? Double header? Need a base hit? The answer for it all was the same: pop a greenie. “Greenies were what everyone was doing,” Koch says.
Synonyms: (environmentalist) tree hugger, (novice) greenhorn, tyro, (amphetamine tablet)
green light etymology From the standard red-green color scheme used in traffic light and railway signal.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A traffic light in its green state (indicating that vehicles may proceed). The drive home was much faster than usual; somehow we managed to hit every green light.
  2. (idiomatic) approval, or permission to proceed. We have a green light on the project. Work starts today.
related terms:
  • green arrow
  • red light
  • yellow light
Greenpeacer etymology Greenpeace + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A member of the environmental organisation Greenpeace.
    • 1986, Guy Wright, Sons and Seals: A Voyage to the Ice A gnawing worry that I would be taken for a Greenpeacer, or that someone would point me out as a fraud and throw me off the ship unnerved me.
    • 1992, Richard Ellis, Men and Whales The Soviets, who first saw the Greenpeacers as some sort of nutty California excursion boat, saw no reason to fear this misguided troop of whale-lovers...
    • 2009, William Deverell, Snow Job, p. 304: Also coming home for the weekend was his eighteen-year-old Greenpeacer, who was threatening not to vote for him.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) a green party
  • genres
  • negers
  • regens
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, historical, derogatory) A member of Canada's Social Credit Party, which was thought by its opponents to resemble a fascist movement, at least its style and presentation.
  2. Sometimes used to refer to the in .
related terms:
  • Blackshirt, Brownshirt, Blueshirt
green tape etymology From green and red tape.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) Time-consuming bureaucratic procedures or regulations relating to environmental concerns.
    • Australian Financial Review, January 14, 2013 “We were bitterly disappointed with the pull back on the green tape reduction and we felt the federal government had been held hostage by the Greens for their electoral fortunes,” Mr Nicholls told The Australian Financial Review.
greeny Alternative forms: greenie (noun only) etymology green + -y
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) a member of a , a green
  2. (slang) nasal mucus, a bogey
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. greenish; like green, combined with green
    • "Above is a more accurate and helpful colour wheel based on what is sometimes called the 'Dual-Primary System' which is formed using six basic colours instead of three - a greeny blue and a violety blue; an orangey red and and violety red; a greeny yellow and an orangey yellow." —
    • "And my eyes are weird green grey. More greeny blue in daylight." —
  • energy
Gregory etymology Via Latin Grēgorius, from post-classical Ancient Greek Γρηγόριος 〈Grēgórios〉 or vigilant. pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹɛɡəɹi/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name.
  2. {{surname}}
Name of early saints, and of 16 popes. Used since Middle Ages; popular in the mid-twentieth century.
related terms:
  • Greg, Gregg, Gregor
  • Grigory
  • {{RQ:Shakespeare Henry 4-1}}: Act V, Scene III: Turk Gregory never did such deeds in arms as I have done this day.
  • 1990 , Time Bomb, page 163: The surname Graff was chosen because upscale consumers respect anything Teutonic - regard it as efficient, intelligent, and reliable. But only up to a point. A forename like Helmut or Wilhelm wouldn't have done. Too German. Too foreign. 'Gregory' scores high on the likability scale. All-American. Greg. He's one of the boys, with Teutonic ancestry.
grenade {{wikipedia}} etymology Borrowing from French grenade, from Old French grenate in the phrase pomme grenate, ultimately from Malayalam pomum + granatum. The -d developed in French under influence of Spanish granada. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹəˈneɪd/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A pomegranate.
  2. A small explosive device, designed to be thrown by hand or launched from a grenade launcher.
  3. (heraldiccharge) A charge similar to a fireball, and made of a disc-shaped bomb shell, but with only one set of flames at the top.
  • grenado
  • hand grenade
  • rocket-propelled grenade
  • Mills bomb
related terms:
  • grenado
  • angered, derange, en garde, enraged, grandee
greyback Alternative forms: grayback etymology From grey + back. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡɹeɪbak/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (historical, US, colloquial) A Confederate soldier during the US Civil War (because of the grey uniforms).
    • 1871, Mary Stephens Robinson, A household story of the American conflict resist the farther advance of the greybacks.
    • 1988, James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, Oxford 2004, p. 739: Sheridan managed to keep the graybacks at bay while he tore up the railroad, but he abandoned the plan to link up with Hunter, and the southerners soon repaired the railroad.
  2. (dated) A louse.
    • 1886, Central Reporter: Cases, Courts of Last Resort It is alleged by the defendant that there were scabs and greybacks in it, and that it did not come up to the quality of No. 1 slate as contracted for.
  3. A local name for various grey bird.
grice pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɡɹʌɪs/
etymology 1 From Old Norse gríss.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (now Scotland) A pig, especially a young pig, or its meat; sometimes specifically, a breed of wild pig or boar native to Scotland, now extinct.
    • 1728, Robert Lindsay, The history of Scotland, from 21 February, 1436. to March, 1565: in which are contained accounts of many remarkable passages altogether differing from our other historians, and many facts are related, either concealed by some, or omitted by others, publ. Mr. Baskett and Company, pg.146: Further, there was of meats wheat bread, main-bread and ginge-bread with fleshes, beef, mutton, lamb, veal, venison, goose, grice, capon, coney, cran, swan, partridge, plover, duck, drake, brissel-cock and pawnies, black-cock and muir-fowl, cappercaillies;
    • 1789, William Thomson, Mammuth: or, human nature displayed on a grand scale: in a tour with the tinkers, into the inland parts of Africa. By the man in the moon. In two volumes. publ. G. and T. Wilkie, pg.105: Through a door to one of the galleries, left half open on purpose I was attracted to a dainty hot supper, consisting of stewed mushrooms and the fat paps and ears of very young pigs, or, as they call them, grice.
    • 2006, "Extinct island pig spotted again," BBC News, 17 November 2006, : A model of the grice - which was the size of a large dog and had tusks - has been created after work by researchers and a taxidermist.
etymology 2 unknown, possibly from Richard Grice, the first champion trainspotter, alternatively perhaps a humorous representation of an upper-class pronunciation of grouser. In either case the derivation could be direct or a {{back-form}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, rail transport, slang) to act as a trainspotter; to partake in the activity or hobby of trainspotting.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-book }}
related terms:
  • gricer
etymology 3
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A gree; a step. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
gricer etymology From grice, supposed plural of grouse (on analogy to mouse/mice), from a person who bags railway locomotives as a sportsman bags grouse.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A railway enthusiast.
Synonyms: ferroequinologist, gunzel, railfan, trainspotter
related terms:
  • grice
griefathon etymology grief and marathon; compare telethon, readathon, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A great outpouring of grief in response to some public news event.
    • {{quote-news}}
griff pronunciation
  • /ɡrɪf/
etymology 1 Shortened from earlier griffin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (India) griffin, (white) newcomer
etymology 2 Compare grip, gripe.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) grasp; reach
    • Holland A vein of gold ore within one spade's griff.
  2. (weaving) An arrangement of parallel bar for lifting the hooked wires which raise the warp threads in a loom for weaving figured goods. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 3 Alternative forms: grefa, griefo, griefs, grifa, griffa, griffo
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, slang) marijuana.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A wine.
    • 1998, "Mike Hoye", Racquet advice for newbie (on Internet newsgroup Like good wine, if you'll let me get a wee bit elitist on you. You probably won't know the difference between a chardonnay and a grigio on first tasting, even if you know they aren't quite the same.
    • 2006, Laurie R King, The art of detection "Latte and a grigio," the waiter agreed.
grilf etymology Deliberate error for girlf as an abbreviation of girlfriend.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet, slang, humorous) A girlfriend.
grill {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɡɹɪl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English grillen, from Old English grillan, griellan, from Proto-Germanic *grellaną, *graljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰer-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian grulje, Dutch grillen, Low German vergrellen, German grollen and perhaps also with French grouiller. Alternative forms: girl
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, Scotland, US) To make angry; provoke.
  2. (transitive, chiefly, Scotland) To terrify; make tremble.
  3. (intransitive, chiefly, Scotland) To tremble; shiver.
  4. (intransitive, Northern England, Scotland) To snarl; snap.
etymology 2 From Middle English gril, grille, from Old English *, from Proto-Germanic *grellaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gher-. Cognate with German grell, Danish grel.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. harsh, rough, severe; cruel
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. harm
etymology 3 1655, from French gril, from Middle French, from Old French greïl, graïl, from graïlle, from Latin crātīcula, diminutive of crātis, from Proto-Indo-European *kor(ə)t-, *krāt-. Related to griddle, hurdle. Alternative forms: grille
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A rack; a grid of wire or a sheet of material with a pattern of holes or slots, usually used to protect something while allowing the passage of air and liquid. Typical uses: to allow air through a fan while preventing fingers or objects from passing; to allow people to talk to somebody, while preventing attack.
    • {{RQ:Chmbrs YngrSt}} The house was a big elaborate limestone affair, evidently new. Winter sunshine sparkled on lace-hung casement, on glass marquise, and the burnished bronze foliations of grille and door.
  2. On a vehicle, a slot cover as above, to protect and hide the radiator, while admitting air to cool it.
  3. A device comprising a source of radiant heat and a means of holding food near it, to cook it; a barbecue; a griddle. exampleI put some peppers and mushrooms on the grill to go with dinner.
  4. (colloquial) A type of jewelry worn on the front teeth.
  5. (colloquial, by extension) The front teeth regarded collectively.
  6. Food cooked on a grill. examplea packet of frozen cauliflower cheese grills
  7. A grillroom; a restaurant serving grilled food. These coupons will get you a discount at Johnny's Bar and Grill.
    • 1986, New York (volume 19, part 5, page 385) Everyone's meeting at the new grill in town! And everyone's having a real good time! They're drinking frozen blue Margaritas. Munching on Cajun popcorn shrimp. Laughing with old friends and getting to know new ones.
  8. (humorous) misspelling of girl
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To cook (food) on a grill; to barbecue. Why don't we get together Saturday and grill some burgers?
  2. (transitive, Australian, NZ, UK) To cook food under the element of a stove or only under the top element of an oven(US) broil, (cooking) salamander.
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To interrogate; to question aggressively or harshly. The police grilled him about his movements at the time of the crime.
  4. (intransitive, informal) To feel very hot; to swelter.
    • Rudyard Kipling He had grilled in the heat, sweated in the rains.
  5. (transitive) To stamp or mark with a grill.
Synonyms: See also
grilling pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹɪlɪŋ/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of grill
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A thorough interrogation.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hyperbole) An unspecified large number (of).
Synonyms: See also
grim etymology From Old English grim, from Proto-Germanic *grimmaz. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹɪm/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. dismal and gloomy, cold and forbidding Life was grim in many northern industrial towns.
  2. rigid and unrelenting His grim determination enabled him to win.
  3. ghastly or sinister A grim castle overshadowed the village.
    • 2012 March 22, Scott Tobias, “The Hunger Games”, in AV Club: In movie terms, it suggests Paul Verhoeven in Robocop/Starship Troopers mode, an R-rated bloodbath where the grim spectacle of children murdering each other on television is bread-and-circuses for the age of reality TV, enforced by a totalitarian regime to keep the masses at bay.
  4. (UK, slang) disgusting; gross Wanna see the dead rat I found in my fridge? —Mate, that is grim!
Grimbarian etymology Grimsby + arian,
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. of or from Grimsby
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. someone from Grimsby
Synonyms: codhead (colloquial)
grind {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan, (cognate with Dutch grind, from Proto-Germanic *grindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrendh-. pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹaɪnd/, {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}} (see usage notes below)
  1. To reduce to smaller pieces by crush with lateral motion.
  2. To shape with the force of friction. grind a lens grind an axe
  3. (metalworking) To remove material by rub with an abrasive surface.
  4. To become ground, pulverized, or polished by friction. This corn grinds well. Steel grinds to a sharp edge.
  5. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
  6. (sports) To slide the flat portion of a skateboard or snowboard across an obstacle such as a railing.
  7. To oppress, hold down or weaken.
  8. (slang) To rotate the hips erotic.
  9. (slang) To dance in a sexual suggestive way with both partners in very close proximity, often pressed against each other.
  10. (video games) To repeat a task in order to gain levels or items.
  11. To produce mechanical and repetitive as if by turning a crank.
  12. To instill through repetitive teaching. Grinding lessons into students' heads does not motivate them to learn.
  13. (slang, Hawaii) To eat. Eh, brah, let's go grind.
  14. (slang) To work or study hard; to hustle or drudge. {{rfquotek}}
  • In the sports and video game senses, the past participle and past tense form grinded is often used instead of the irregular form ground.
  • Historically, there also existed a past participle form grounden, but it is now archaic or obsolete.
  • When used to denote sexually suggestive dancing between two partners, the past participle and past tense form grinded is almost always used.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.
  2. A specific degree of pulverization of coffee bean. This bag contains espresso grind.
  3. A tedious task. This homework is a grind.
  4. A grinding trick on a skateboard or snowboard.
  5. (archaic, slang) One who studies hard; a swot.
  6. grindcore subgenre of heavy metal
noun: {{head}}
  1. (Ireland, colloquial, plurale tantum) tutor; extra lessons in a specific subject outside of school hours. Grinds are often given by private individuals or firms, and might not be provided by the school.
  2. (Hawaii, slang) food, eats
  3. plural of grind
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of grind
gringo {{wikipedia}} etymology From Spanish gringo, from griego, used for anyone who spoke an unintelligible language. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹɪŋɡəʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, often, pejorative, in Latin America) a white person from an English-speaking country.
related terms:
  • gringa (female)
  • goring
grip pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɡrɪp/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old English grippan, from a Proto-Germanic *gripjaną (compare Old High German gripfen); compare the related Old English grīpan, whence English gripe. See also grope.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To take hold of, particularly with the hand. exampleThat suitcase is heavy, so grip the handle firmly. exampleThe glue will begin to grip within five minutes. exampleAfter a few slips, the tires gripped the pavement.
  2. (transitive) To help or assist, particularly in an emotional sense.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4 By and by fumes of brandy began to fill the air, and climb to where I lay, overcoming the mouldy smell of decayed wood and the dampness of the green walls. It may have been that these fumes mounted to my head, and gave me courage not my own, but so it was that I lost something of the stifling fear that had gripped me, and could listen with more ease to what was going forward
    exampleHe grips me.
  3. (intransitive) To do something with another that makes you happy/gives you relief. exampleLet’s grip (get a coffee, hang, take a break, see a movie, etc.)
  4. To trench; to drain.
etymology 2 An amalgam of Old English gripe (cognate with German Griff) and Old English gripa (cognate with Swedish grepp).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A hold or way of holding, particularly with the hand. exampleIt's good to have a firm grip when shaking hands. exampleThe ball will move differently depending on the grip used when throwing it.
  2. A handle or other place to grip. examplethe grip of a sword exampleThere are several good grips on the northern face of this rock.
  3. (computing, GUI) A visual component on a window etc. enabling it to be resize and/or move.
  4. (film production) A person responsible for handling equipment on the set.
  5. A channel cut through a grass verge (especially for the purpose of draining water away from the highway).
  6. (chiefly, Southern California slang) A lot of something. exampleThat is a grip of cheese.
  7. archaic spelling of grippe: Influenza, flu. exampleShe has the grip.
  8. (archaic) A small travelling-bag or gripsack.
  9. An apparatus attached to a car for clutch a traction cable.
  10. Assistance; help or encouragement. {{rfex}} exampleHe gave me a grip.
  11. A helpful, interesting, admirable, or inspiring person. exampleYou're a real grip.
  12. (slang) As much as one can hold in a hand; a handful. exampleI need to get a grip of nails for my project.
  13. (figurative) A tenacious grasp; a holding fast.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    examplein the grip of a blackmailer
  14. A device for grasping or holding fast to something.
related terms:
  • come to grips
  • get to grips with
  • key grip
  • get a grip
  • gripper
etymology 3 From Middle English grip, grippe, gryppe, from Old English grēp and Old English grēpe, from Proto-Germanic *grōpiz. Cognate with Middle Dutch grippe, gruppe, greppe, German Low German Gruppe. Related also to Old English grōp. More at groop. Alternative forms: gripe
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dialectal) A small ditch or trench; a channel to carry off water or other liquid; a drain. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 4 Latin {{lena}} grypus, gryphus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The griffin.
  • IGRP, prig
gripper etymology {{-er}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡɹɪp.ə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a person or thing that grips something
  2. a cover on the handle of a bicycle, tool, etc, that makes it easier to grip.
  3. (curling) A rubber or other material attached to a curling shoe to improve traction on the ice
  4. (rail transport, slang) a ticket collector
  5. (computing, GUI) A visual component on a window etc. enabling it to be resize and/or move.
grippie etymology grip + ie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A grip; something used to take hold, or to reduce friction.
    • 2004, Jeff Ishaq, Treo Fan Book: Your Brain on Silicon Rubber grippies, partially visible on the right of the case above and below the hinge, keep it from sliding out of your hand.
    • 2008, Molly G. Shane, Rumored Legacy (page 62) I crocheted chenille socks and put little grippies on the bottom.
    • 2012, Joseph Labrecque, Adobe Edge Quickstart Guide To tear a panel out of the main application window and create a floating panel, simply click upon the grippies (the textured area of the panel tab) next to an anchored panel's name.
gripsack etymology grip + sack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, dated) A traveller's bag.
{{Webster 1913}}
grist etymology From Middle English grist, gryst, from Old English grist, gyrst, from a derivative of Proto-Germanic *gredaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrēu-. Cognate with osx gristgrimmo, German Griesgram, Old English gristel. More at gristle. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹɪst/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Grain that is to be ground in a mill.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (obsolete) A group of bees.
  3. (colloquial, obsolete) Supply; provision. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (ropemaking) A given size of rope, common grist being a rope three inches in circumference, with twenty yarns in each of the three strands. {{rfquotek}}
  • girts
  • grits, Grits
gristlehead etymology gristle + head
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A stupid person.
grizzle pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Old French grisel, from gris
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A dark grey colour. {{color panel}}
  2. Grey hair.
  3. A grey wig.
related terms:
  • grizzly
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of a grey colour.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To make or become grey, as with age.
    • R. F. Burton hardship of the way such as would grizzle little children
    • Pall Mall Magazine I found myself on the Nubian desert shaking hands with a grizzling man whom men addressed as Collins Bey.
etymology 2 From English West Country dialect.'''2010''', Alex Games, ''Balderdash & Piffle: English Words and Their Curious Origins'', [|she+grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gQdvT4_rKInamAWbnKGbBg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22he|she%20grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 135].
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (UK, AU, NZ, slang) To whinge or whine.
    • 1888, (librettist), , The Complete Plays of Gilbert and Sullivan, [http//|she+grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nQtvT8egHu7LmAXA1-S9Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22he|she%20grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 510], [Wilfred:] In tears, eh? What a plague art thou grizzling for now?
    • 1976, , Parliamentary Debates, [http//|she+grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22he|she+grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=gQdvT4_rKInamAWbnKGbBg&redir_esc=y page 4850], R. J. Tizard — What are you grizzling about now?
    • 2009, , Game Girls, [http//|she+grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nQtvT8egHu7LmAXA1-S9Bg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22he|she%20grizzled%22|%22grizzling%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], The pin-thin girl is grizzling, whining that she has sand in her eyes.
  2. (UK, AU, NZ, slang) To fuss or cry
    • The Baby Book , 1990 , 094989267X, page 88 , “New mothers frequently complain that their partner won't get up to change a wet nappy or comfort a grizzling baby. ”
related terms:
  • grizzler
gro etymology Shortening of gross, perhaps via grody.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (US, slang) Disgusting, unpleasant; gross. Wash your hair, it's totally gro.
Grobanite etymology Groban + ite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of American musician Josh Groban.
    • 2011, Mark Wreford, "Re-Tunes", Re, Issue 14, June 2011, page 52: Perhaps one for diehard 'Grobanites' rather than those new to the fold.
    • 2013, Riesa Pascal, "16 Reasons to Buy 'All That Echoes'", Orlando Style, Volume 10, Number 3, March 2013, page 46: "All That Echoes" was named one of Billboard's Best Bets for 2013 and features an edgier sound that is pushing Groban's music to new genres and reaching the pleased ears of both seasoned Grobanites* and brand new Groban fans.
    • 2013, "[Initiate Grobanite Love Protocal]", Desert Companion, September 2013, page 57: Critics admire his power and restraint; Grobanites, as they're called, like the way their hearts slow-motion explode into pink butterfly candy confetti when he sings to them.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) a coarse, uncouth, uncivilized fellow, perhaps violent
    • 1892, Andrew Lang, The Library, second edition, page 41–42: [B]eware of men who love not fly leaves neither regard margins, but write notes over the latter, and light their pipes with the former.... To such fellows it matters not that they make a book dirty and greasy, cutting the pages with their fingers, and holding the boards over the fire till they crack. All these slatternly practices, though they destroy a book as surely as the flames of Caesar's soldiers at Alexandria, seem fine manly acts to the grobians who use them.
  • Borgian
grockle etymology A very old word of uncertain origin common for centuries in the New Forest area of Hampshire for people from outside it. In more recent times it has spread to other parts of the south coast and indeed elsewhere, including the former colonies of Northern and Southern Rhodesia as a term for a foreigner. The term is widely used in Devon where it refers to tourists or people recently relocated from elsewhere. The word was imported to the Isle of Man in 1970 by Capt McKenzie who had learned the word in Plymouth. Commonly referred to tourists in cars who can be easily identified because all Manx number plates have either MN or MAN in them. It has also been said to have derived from the eponymous dragon in the obsolete comic strip "Danny and his Grockle", popularised by the movie The System. However its use in the New Forest area and local areas of Dorset and Wiltshire is well-attested by long-term residents of those areas.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, British, various parts of the West Country) A tourist from elsewhere in the country
    • 2009, Guy Adams, Torchwood: The House that Jack Built, chapter 1: The grockles were not well served on the Marina of late.
  • grockel
groggified etymology grog + -ify + -ed
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, dated) drunk
grognard etymology From the French grognard. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹɔnjaɹ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An old soldier.
  2. (games, slang) Someone who enjoys playing older war-games or roleplaying games, or older versions of such games, when newer ones are available. James is such a grognard, he only plays the original edition of Dungeons and Dragons.
    • {{seecites}}
groid etymology Abbreviated from negroid.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory, ethnic slur) A black person.
groinal etymology groin + al
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Pertaining to the groin.
    • 1998, Terry Pratchett, Interesting Times Footwear which tried to make you take steps twenty-one miles long imposed unfortunate groinal strains...
    • 2003, Matthew Sharpe, The Sleeping Father Chris thought of the speech pathologist, Jennifer, with pique and vague groinal stirrings.
Synonyms: crotchal, inguinal
grok etymology Coined by in his novel (1961) in which the word is described as being from the word for “to drink” and, figuratively, “to drink in all available aspects of reality”, “to become one with the observe” in Heinlein’s fictitious Martian language. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡɹɒk/
  • (US) /ˈɡɹɑk/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang) to understand (something) intuitively
  2. to know (something) without having to think intellect (such as knowing the number of objects in a collection without needing to count them: see subitize).
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
  3. (transitive, slang) To fully and completely understand something in all its details and intricacies. He groks Perl. I find it exceedingly doubtful that any person groks quantum mechanics.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
  • Grok is used mainly by the geek subculture, though it was heavily used by the counterculture of the 1960s, as evidenced by its repeated appearance in Tom Wolfe's “.”
grom {{wikipedia}} etymology Shortened from grommet
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (surfing, snowboarding, skimboarding, slang) A young surfer, wakeskater, wakeboarder, snowboarder, skimboarder, skateboarder, or kiteboarder. They were having this contest for grommets. The waves were micro. Even the groms were disgusted.
Synonyms: grommet
groomzilla etymology From groom + zilla.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (usually, humorous) A demanding and perfectionistic groom (man who is to be married).
    • 2005, Leslie Milk, It's Her Wedding But I'll Cry If I Want To It is unlikely that the groom will turn into Groomzilla, so obsessed by wedding details that he drives even the bride crazy. But it does happen.
    • 2008, Sharon Hanby-Robie, A Simple Wedding: A Faith-Filled Guide to Enjoying a Stress-Free Wedding He was the one turning into Groomzilla. He was losing it.
  • weddingzilla
  • couplezilla
coordinate terms:
  • bridezilla
groovemeister etymology groove + meister
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A performer of groovy music.
    • 2004, Dennis Coffey, Guitars, bars, and Motown superstars (page 52) Eddie "Bongo" Brown was the funky groovemeister at the workshop …
    • 2007, Jazz Times (volume 37, issues 1-5) Gress, a stalwart on New York's downtown scene, is one reliable groovemeister and one of the most creative improvisers around.
groovesome etymology groove + some
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, rare) Groovy, cool.
    • 1992, Jon Pillar, Captain Dynamo (video game review in Your Sinclair issue 79) A colourful, bouncy, groovesome platformy sort of thing that's a tad too hard for its own good.
    • 2000, Robert Christgau, Christgau's Consumer Guide ...bold yet complex, lively yet reflective, scintillating yet groovesome, fast yet mellow...
    • 2004, John Harris, Britpop! ...amply demonstrated by the groovesome pop of Gorillaz...
groovester etymology groove + ster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An aficionado of groovy music.
groovy Alternative forms: groovey pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 groove + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, pertaining to, or having grooves. The back of the tile was groovy so that it could hold the adhesive compound.
  2. (dated) Set in one's ways.
    • Rudyard Kipling She'd give anything to be able to believe it, but she's a hard woman, and brooding along certain lines makes one groovy.
etymology 2 From the phrase in the groove, ultimately from the grooves of an early phonograph record.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (dated, slang) Cool, neat, interesting, fashionable. {{defdate}} "Wow, man! This psychedelic wallpaper is totally groovy!" said the hippie. "Have a groovy day, dudes." said the surfer in his latest movie. Marching around the hallways of school while making a racket, the drummer in the marching band said, "60s music is very groovy!"
    • {{quote-news }}
grope etymology From Middle English gropien, from Old English grāpian, related to grīpan (whence English gripe); compare also grip. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɡɹəʊp/
  • (GenAm) /ɡɹoʊp/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To feel with or use the hands; to handle.
  2. To search or attempt to find something in the dark, or, as a blind person, by feeling; to move about hesitatingly, as in darkness or obscurity; to feel one's way, as with the hands, when one can not see.
    • Joseph Stevens Buckminster (1751-1812) to grope a little longer among the miseries and sensualities of a worldly life
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet, Ch.4: Yet there was no time to be lost if I was ever to get out alive, and so I groped with my hands against the side of the grave until I made out the bottom edge of the slab, and then fell to grubbing beneath it with my fingers. But the earth, which the day before had looked light and loamy to the eye, was stiff and hard enough when one came to tackle it with naked hands, and in an hour's time I had done little more than further weary myself and bruise my fingers.
    • {{RQ:Vance Nobody}} Turning back, then, toward the basement staircase, she began to grope her way through blinding darkness, but had taken only a few uncertain steps when, of a sudden, she stopped short and for a little stood like a stricken thing, quite motionless save that she quaked to her very marrow in the grasp of a great and enervating fear.
  3. To touch (another person) closely and (especially) sexually. exampleWe've been together two weeks, and have just been kissing and groping, {{nowrap}}.
  4. (obsolete) To examine; to test; to sound. {{rfquotek}}
    • Genevan Testament (Acts of the Apostles xxiv) Felix gropeth him, thinking to have a bribe.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An act of groping, especially sexually.
  2. (obsolete) an iron fitting of a medieval cart wheel
    • 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, p. 544. Gropes appear to be pieces of iron binding together the inner joint of the fitting, and grope-nails to have been used for fastening these to the wood.
gropefest etymology grope + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An encounter featuring plenty of groping.
gross {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English gross, from Old French gros, from ll grossus, and Malayalam grossus, from Old High German grōz, from Proto-Germanic *grautaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ghrewə-. Cognate with French grossier. See also French dialectal grôt, groût, and grô, Dutch groot, German groß, English great. More at great. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, not UK) Disgusting, nasty.
  2. Coarse, rude, vulgar, obscene, or impure.
    • 1874: Dodsley et al., A Select Collection of Old English Plays But man to know God is a difficulty, except by a mean he himself inure, which is to know God’s creatures that be: at first them that be of the grossest nature, and then [...] them that be more pure.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 12 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “All this was extraordinarily distasteful to Churchill. It was ugly, gross. Never before had he felt such repulsion when the vicar displayed his characteristic bluntness or coarseness of speech. In the present connexion—or rather as a transition from the subject that started their conversation—such talk had been distressingly out of place.”
  3. Great, large, bulky, or fat.
    • 2013, Hilary Mantel, ‘Royal Bodies’, London Review of Books, 35.IV: He collected a number of injuries that stopped him jousting, and then in middle age became stout, eventually gross.
  4. Great, serious, flagrant, or shameful. examplea gross mistake;  gross injustice;  gross negligence
  5. The whole amount; entire; total before any deduction.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    example[[w:Gross domestic product|gross domestic product]]
  6. Not sensitive in perception or feeling; dull; witless.
    • Milton Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear.
Synonyms: (disgusting) gro, grody, grotty, (fat) See also
  • fine
  • (total before any deductions) net
related terms: {{top3}}
  • gro
  • grody
  • gross out
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Twelve dozen = 144.
  2. The total nominal earnings or amount, before taxes, expenses, exception or similar are deducted. That which remains after all deductions is called net.
  3. The bulk, the mass, the masses.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To earn money, not including expenses. The movie grossed three million on the first weekend.
    • {{quote-news}}
related terms:
  • engross
  • grocer, grocery, groceries
grot pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From grotto, by shortening, or French grotte.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (poetic) A grotto.
    • 1819, John Keats, : She took me to her elfin grot, / And there she wept, and sigh'd full sore, / And there I shut her wild wild eyes / With kisses four.
etymology 2 {{back-form}}
noun: {{en-noun}} (British)
  1. (slang, uncountable) Any unpleasant substance or material.
  2. (slang, countable) A miserable person.
  • trog
grotty etymology Clipping of grotesque + y. Compare American grody, of same origin. Possibly influenced by Scottish Gaelic grod. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, British, Canada, Australia, NZ) unpleasant, dirty, slovenly or offensive
Synonyms: grody, gross, groty, gro
related terms:
  • grody
  • groty
ground {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹaʊnd/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë and gryej. Alternative forms: GND (contraction used in electronics)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{senseid}}(uncountable) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 23 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “If the afternoon was fine they strolled together in the park, very slowly, and with pauses to draw breath wherever the ground sloped upward. The slightest effort made the patient cough.”
    • {{RQ:Chrsty Atbgrfy}} Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. […]  Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (uncountable) Terrain.
  3. (uncountable) Soil, earth. exampleThe worm crawls through the ground.
  4. (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. Background, context, framework, surrounding.
  7. The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set. crimson flowers on a white ground
  8. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
  9. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied. Brussels ground
  10. In etching, a gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
  11. (architecture, mostly, in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moulding etc. are attached. Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
  12. (countable) A soccer stadium. exampleManchester United's ground is known as Old Trafford.
  13. (electricity, Canadian and US) An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
  14. (electricity, Canadian and US) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
  15. (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground).
  16. (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
  17. (music) The tune on which descant are raised; the plain song.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, , act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149: Buck[]   The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that ground I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it.
  18. The pit of a theatre. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (electricity) earth (British)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or give up certain privilege. If you don't clean your room, I'll be forced to ground you. Carla, you are grounded until further notice for lying to us about where you were yesterday. My kids are currently grounded from television.
  3. (transitive) To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly. Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded.
  4. To give a basic education in a particular subject; to instruct in elements or first principles. Jim was grounded in maths.
  5. (baseball) to hit a ground ball; to hit a ground ball which results in an out. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb). Jones grounded to second in his last at-bat.
  6. (cricket) (of a batsman) to place his bat, or part of his body, on the ground behind the popping crease so as not to be run out
  7. (intransitive) To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed. The ship grounded on the bar.
  8. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
    • Bible, Ephesians iii. 17 being rooted and grounded in love
    • Sir W. Hamilton So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation.
  9. (fine arts) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching, or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
etymology 2
  • inflected form of grind See also milled.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of grind I ground the coffee up nicely.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles. ground mustard seed
  2. Processed by grinding. lenses of ground glass
Synonyms: milled (1)
  • whole seed (1)
  • {{rank}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) the state of (a teenager etc) being grounded
  2. A Rastafarian meeting.
ground ball with eyes etymology From the metaphor that the ball has eyes, which allows it to avoid the infielders.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, baseball, humorous) A weakly hit ground ball that barely evades the infielder.
ground floor Alternative forms: (less common) groundfloor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The floor of a building closest to ground level; what is also known by some American English speakers as the first floor (US)
  2. (informal) The initial stage of a project
Groundhog Day {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An annual festival held in Canada and the USA on February 2 in which the arrival time of the spring season is predicted by whether or not a certain groundhog can see its shadow or not.
etymology 2 From the film .
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) A situation in which undesirable events appear to be repeating themselves in a cyclical fashion.
    • 2003, Angie Errigo, The Rough Guide to the Lord of the Rings, Rough Guides (ISBN 9781843532750), page 137 Jackson, working on production this summer, sounded very much as if he were missing the trilogy already: "Each movie has a very different tone, feel and structure so I've never really felt like I've been trapped in a Groundhog Day for seven years working on one project."
    • 2011, Cathy Hopkins, Million Dollar Mates: Paparazzi Princess, Simon and Schuster (ISBN 9781847389930) She'd spend ages buying and wrapping presents and never got bored with it like Aunt Maddie did. Aunt M said doing Christmas cards year after year made her feel like she was trapped in a groundhog day.
    • 2011, Jeff Ryan, Super Mario: How Nintendo Conquered America, Penguin (ISBN 9781101517635) Mario, somewhat infamously, is stuck in a Groundhog Day of perpetually having to rescue the princess from Bowser. Even when the plot is new, the story stays old: Mario stops the big bad and saves the girl.
ground offensive
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military) A military action launched by land, using ground troops.
ground pounder etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military, slang) A military soldier whose primary role is infantry or the use of ground-based materiel.
  • flyboy
  • airman
groupality etymology Jocular imitation of personality.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, humorous) The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of a group of individuals; the organized pattern of behavioral characteristics of a group of individuals.
group sex {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The practice of having sex with multiple partner at the same time.
grouse {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɡraʊs/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Attested in the 1530s, as grows, a plural used collectively. Of unknown origin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of various game bird of the family Tetraonidae which inhabit temperate and subarctic regions of the northern hemisphere.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To seek or shoot grouse.
etymology 2 As a verb from the late 19th century (first recorded by Kipling), as a noun from the early 20th; origin uncertain, possibly from French groucier "to murmur, grumble", in origin onomatopoeic. Compare grutch with the same meaning, but attestation from the 1200s, whence also grouch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A cause for complaint.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To complain or grumble.
    • 1890, Kipling, If you're cast for fatigue by a sergeant unkind, Don't grouse like a woman, nor crack on, nor blind; Be handy and civil, and then you will find That it's beer for the young British soldier.
etymology 3 1940s, origin unknown.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (Australian, NZ, slang) Excellent. I had a grouse day. That food was grouse.
    • 1991, , , Scribner Paperback Fiction 2002, page 182, They were the grousest ladies she′d ever met.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
  • rogues
  • rouges
  • rugose
grow a pair etymology Abbreviation of "grow a pair of testicle"
verb: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar, idiomatic) To be brave; to show some courage, especially in a situation in which one has so far failed to do so.
Synonyms: get a pair, strap on a pair
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A farmer; one who grow things. He was an orange grower from Florida.
  2. Something that grows. These flowers are fast growers
    • {{quote-news}}
  3. Someone or something who becomes more likeable over time I didn't like the song at first, but it is a real grower.
  4. (slang) A man whose penis does not show its full size until it is erect.
  • (man whose penis is smaller when flaccid) shower
  • regrow
grow house {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A house or similar structure whose interior has been modified to be used for the farming of marijuana.
    • 2009 July 30, Carmen Gentile, "Florida's Marijuana Boom: House-Grown, and Potent," Time: In 2006, Florida law enforcement here discovered 480 homes growing marijuana indoors. Last year, 1,022 grow houses were busted.
Synonyms: grow op
growler etymology growl + er pronunciation
  • /ˈɡraʊlə/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person, creature or thing that growl.
  2. (historical, slang) A cab with four wheels.
    • 1887, , , Part 2 Ch. 7 The ordinary London growler is considerably less wide than a gentleman's brougham.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 254: Lew pulled his socks from a jacket pocket, grabbed his own shoes, and together they proceeded to the street and into a growler, and were off.
  3. A small iceberg or ice floe which is barely visible over the surface of the water.
    • 2002, Joseph O'Connor, Star of the Sea, Vintage 2003, p. 152: A great ‘growler’ iceberg was sighted this afternoon at a distance of approximately half a mile; the size of a large London house, more or less.
    • 2007, Matthew Taylor, The Guardian, 24 November 2007 : As the cruise ship Explorer was picking its way through the Antarctic sea ice, it hit what experts believe was a "growler" - a huge iceberg shorn from the Antarctic ice shelf.
  4. (informal) A kind of jug used to carry beer (in current usage, a 2-liter or 64-ounce container with or without a handle; sometimes extended to similarly shaped 32-ounce jug, but not bottles).
    • 1940, , , Act 1 ... their favoring breeze has the stink of nickel whiskey on its breath, and their sea is a growler of lager and ale ...
    • 2002, Louis M. Soletsky, 100 Years of Medicine, iUniverse, ISBN 9780595229253, page 104: This container was a round lidded tin with a handle and was colloquially called a growler. … to get daddy or mommy a growler of beer, which was, by the way, approximately a quart.
  5. (dialect, UK, Yorkshire) A pork pie.
    • 2008, Christina McDermott, The Guardian, 22 August 2008 : Now, on first impression, a pork pie - or a ‘growler’ if you're from Yorkshire - looks like a delicious snack.
  6. (British, slang) The vulva.
    • 2007, Cesca Martin, Agony Angel, Troubadour Publishing 2007, pp. 125-6: On our first meeting he'd asked me if I dyed my hair. I told him I did and his follow up{{SIC}} question had been the much under rated{{SIC}}, "What colour's your growler then?"
grrrl etymology {{blend}}. From the 1990s riot grrrl movement.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of girl
  2. A riot grrrl.
Alternative forms: grrl
grub {{wikipedia}} etymology From hypothetical Old English root *grubbian, from Proto-Germanic *grubb- (compare Old High German grubilōn, German grübeln), from Proto-Germanic *grub-. The noun sense of "larva" (c.1400) may derive from the notion of "digging insect" or from the possibly unrelated Middle English grub. The slang sense of "food" is first recorded 1659, has been linked with birds eating grubs or with bub." pronunciation
  • /ɡɹʌb/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable) An immature stage in the life cycle of an insect; a larva.
  2. (uncountable, slang) Food.
  3. (obsolete) A short, thick man; a dwarf. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: (immature insect): larva, (slang: food): nosh, tucker
related terms:
  • caterpillar
  • maggot
  • worm
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To scavenge or in some way scrounge, typically for food.
  2. To dig; to dig up by the roots; to root out by digging; often followed by up. to grub up trees, rushes, or sedge
    • Hare They do not attempt to grub up the root of sin.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4 Yet there was no time to be lost if I was ever to get out alive, and so I groped with my hands against the side of the grave until I made out the bottom edge of the slab, and then fell to grubbing beneath it with my fingers. But the earth, which the day before had looked light and loamy to the eye, was stiff and hard enough when one came to tackle it with naked hands, and in an hour's time I had done little more than further weary myself and bruise my fingers.
  3. (slang) To supply with food. {{rfquotek}}
  • burg
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. plural of grubby
  2. (informal) Clothes that are grubby.
etymology 1 grub ‘food’ + house
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A separate building or tent in a camp or other complex set aside for preparing and/or eating food.
  2. (slang) A restaurant
etymology 2 From German Grubenhaus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. pithouse
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang, New Zealand) Underpants, underwear. I need a new pair of gruds.
Like pants term is used in the plural pair sense, but there cannot be a singular grud.
  • drugs
grumpy pants Alternative forms: grumpy-pants, grumpypants etymology grumpy + pants
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, informal, sometimes used attributively) A person who is currently in a bad mood or is habitually cranky.
    • 1954, Philip Wylie, The Best of Crunch and Des, Rinehart (1954), page 360: "You fish, pal. Old grumpy-pants doesn't own the ocean!"
    • 2012, Ellie Daines, Lolly Luck, Anderson Press Limited (2012), ISBN 9781849399234, unnumbered page: I was worried the supply teacher would be some grumpy-pants who liked sending kids out of the room if they dared to interrupt while they were speaking.
    • 2013, Eve Langlais, B785: Cyborg Romance, self-published (2013), ISBN 9781927459324, page 74: “Charming, there you are. I've been looking all over for you. Grumpy pants here wouldn't tell me where you went.”
    • {{seemoreCites}}
  2. (uncountable, informal) A notional pair of pants worn by someone in a bad mood.
    • 2011, C. J. Castano, Forbidden Innocence, (2011), ISBN 9781257321469, page 115: "What is everyone's problem this morning? Did everyone wake up with their grumpy pants on?"
    • 2011, Scott Semegran, The Spectacular Simon Burchwood, Sugar Skull Books (2011), ISBN 9780615758114, unnumbered page: "Well, look who put on his grumpy pants today?" Gina said, punching me in the arm. She was really starting to get on my last goddamn nerves.
    • 2013, Edward Viljoen, The Power of Meditation: An Ancient Technique to Access Your Inner Power, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin (2013), ISBN 9781101601525, unnumbered page: I notice that when I move through the world at this pace, I tend to do what a friend calls “wearing my grumpy pants.”
grundies etymology As Grundies, an underwear brand name.
  • Possibly an abbreviated form of reg grundies, rhyming slang for undies, after media magnate .
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, UK, slang) Underpants.
    • 2003, , Bloody Liggie, page 95, So I shrugged and shifted like my grundies were too tight.
grundle pronunciation
  • /ˈɡrʌndəl/ {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Possibly Utah colloquial for group bundle contraction
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A group of objects, lots. For a grundle of ideas, go visit the website
  2. A dry measure synonymous with "lots"
etymology 2 Alteration of grumble
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A small grumble.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To emit a grumble, or a lesser version thereof
etymology 3 unknown See grundy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) The area between anus and scrotum in a male or between anus and vulva in a woman.
    • 2008, Jazz, A Taste for You, AuthorHouse (2008), ISBN 9781438932484, page 10: I placed a finger, then two, on his grundle for added pleasure.
    • 2009, Terence Fitzgibbons, Assumed the Watch, Moored as Before: An Alternative Naval Officer's Guide, Xlibris (2009), ISBN 9781441567277, page 37: I hit the flush button and I feel the air from the VCHT (vacuum, collection, and holding tank) system pass over my grundle. That one full second of cool air down below is one of the few perks of the day and of the job.
    • 2009, Cate Robertson, "Half-Crown Doxy", in Bitten: Dark Erotic Stories (ed. Susie Bright), Chronicle Books (2009), ISBN 9780811864251, page 126: Lost in his bliss, he doesn't protest when she presses a spit-slicked finger to his grundle, or when she slips it lower, then deeper.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: See also .
grunge etymology {{back-form}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Dirt or filth, especially when difficult to clean. The cinema floor was covered in grunge deposited by the crowds.
  2. (informal) The state of being filthy; grubbiness. Chad used to work as a coal miner, but couldn't handle the constant grunge.
  3. A subgenre of alternative rock, originating from Seattle, Washington, which melds punk and metal. Alice liked to wear plaids and ripped jeans, and listen to grunge.
grungester etymology grunge + ster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A fan of grunge music or subculture; a grunger.
grunt etymology From Middle English grunten, from Old English grunnettan, from Proto-Germanic *grunnatjaną, frequentative of Proto-Germanic *grunnōną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrun-. Cognate with German grunzen, Danish grynte. pronunciation
  • /ɡɹʌnt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A short, snort sound, often to show disapproval, or used as a reply when one is reluctant to speak.
  2. The snort cry of a pig.
  3. Any fish of the perciform family Haemulidae.
  4. (United States Army and Marine Corps slang) An infantry soldier. (From the verb, just like all the other senses.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}})
verb: {{en-verb}}
  • Frequentative: gruntle
  1. (intransitive, of a person) To make a grunt or grunts.
    • Shakespeare exampleto grunt and sweat under a weary life
  2. (intransitive, of a pig) To make a grunt or grunts.
  3. (intransitive, UK, slang) To break wind; to fart. exampleWho just grunted?
etymology 1 grunt + le
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (obsolete) To utter small, low grunt.
  2. (obsolete) To complain; to grumble
etymology 2 From grunt + le.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. a grunting sound
  2. a snort
etymology 3 back-formation from disgruntled
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (humorous) To humour; to induce the opposite effect of causing a person to become disgruntled.
To gruntle is not in normal usage. It has gained a certain currency amongst information security specialists to describe a process whereby the negative feelings of a disgruntled user might be reduced, or positive feelings induced. Synonyms: regruntle
gruntled {{was wotd}} etymology {{back-form}} pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɹʌntl̩d/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorous) Satisfied, pleased, contented.
    • 1938, , : He spoke with a certain what-is-it in his voice, and I could see that, if not actually disgruntled, he was far from being gruntled.
    • 1996 March 13, , "Sports of The Times: A Case For Fill-In Coaches," New York Times (retrieved 5 July 2012): After all, a number of players were disgruntled, and a few more were gruntled.
    • 2009 March 18, , "Tyra—the cause of all evil," Irish Independent (retrieved 5 July 2012): [S]he was rumoured to be rather less than gruntled when The Soup's Joel McHale said: "Here's Ryan Seacrest and Tyra Banks playing Lady and the Tramp ... You figure out which is which."
    • {{quote-book }}
The verb gruntle is not in normal usage. The adjective is used only humorously, as the imagined opposite of disgruntled.
  • disgruntled
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) form of shortened form
    • 2011, Elise Allen, Populazzi, Harcourt (2011), ISBN 9780547481531, page 347: “Ooh, are you filling those?” Eddie nodded to the pretzel bowls in my hand. “'Cause we're almost out of chips and guac here, too.”
    • 2012, Jon Bonnell, Jon Bonnell's Texas Favorites, Gibbs Smith (2012), ISBN 9781423622598, page 22: The key to making good guac (as it's often called in Texas) is the proper balance of acidity, salt and spice.
    • 2012, Brian L. Patton, The Sexy Vegan Cookbook: Extraordinary Food from an Ordinary Dude, New World Library (2012), ISBN 9781608680450, page 183: You can extend the life of your guac by transferring leftovers to an airtight container.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
guacamole {{wikipedia}} etymology From Spanish guacamole, from nci āhuacamōlli. pronunciation
  • /ˌɡwakəˈmoʊli/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An avocado-based greenish dip with onion, tomato, and spice. Common to Mexican cuisine, it is often served with tortilla chips.
Synonyms: (avocado-based greenish dip) (informal) guac
Guardianista etymology Guardian + ista
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, derogatory) A reader of the newspaper, regarded as middle-class, excessively liberal and politically correct, etc.
    • 2005, Tim Worstall, 2005: Dispatches from the Blogosphere And so the Guardianista is prepared for a tragic story of injustice and retribution, brought about by the evil that stalks the dark corners of cyberspace.
    • 2007, Adam Thorpe, Between Each Breath the shrieking 'Guardianista' class and poor old Trevor Norris, because Trevor Norris was a local pain in the arse who'd once opposed a Heath development...
    • 2007, Better an engine driver than a Guardianista! (Daily Mail, 10 December 2007) But if councils were still run part-time by engine drivers — not self-regarding, pious Guardianistas — at the very least we'd get our dustbins emptied once a week.
guardian of the peace etymology From the Irish name for the police force, Garda Síochána, literally Guardians of the Peace.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Ireland, informal) A police officer.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Scotland slang) Mouth.
    • 1994, "The acid House", Irvine Welsh, in Eurotrash: "...fucked-up Yank who's too screwed up to lift a forkful of scran into her gub?"
    • Quite ugly one morning‎, page 147, Christopher Brookmyre, 2001, “Except that the deal's off if some wee scrote of a doctor opens his gub.”
    • page 55, Mark McNay, 2008, “Between stuffin his gub and swallowin he didnay have much breath for talkin but he managed that as well.”
Synonyms: (mouth) gob
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To defeat. We just got gubbed 5-1.
  • bug, Bug
gubbins pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡʌb.ɪnz/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Assorted stuff, especially if of little value.
  • subbing
guesstimate Alternative forms: guestimate etymology {{blend}}. pronunciation Noun
  • (US) /ˈɡɛstəmət/, [ˈɡɛstɪ̈mɪ̈ʔ(t̚)]
  • (US) /ˈɡɜstəˌmeɪt/, [ˈɡɜstɪ̈ˌmeɪ̯ʔ(t̚)]
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An estimate that is hardly any better than a guess, often because it is based on insufficient or unreliable data.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To make a guesstimate.
  2. (transitive) To make a guesstimate of a specific quantity.
  • guestimates
guesstimation etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) An estimation made without good justification and often bias.
  2. Estimation based on guesses, usually for expedience or because no better method is available.
related terms:
  • guesstimate
  • guestimations
guest of Her Majesty
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, informal) A prisoner
guest worker {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person with temporary permission to work in another country.
Synonyms: guestworker, migrant worker, foreign worker, gastarbeiter
guff etymology {{rfe}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɡʌf/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Nonsensical talk or thinking.
  2. (informal) Superfluous information.
  3. (informal) Insolent or otherwise unacceptable remark.
Synonyms: (nonsensical talk or thinking) balls, bull, bulldust, bullshit, crap, nonsense, rubbish, tripe, (insolent or otherwise unacceptable remarks) brass neck, cheek, impudence, insolence, lip
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To break wind.
  2. (slang) To mislead.
    • 1955, , "The Next Witness", in , October 1994 edition, ISBN 0553249592, page 14: "Let me see if I get you. You can't bear to help convict Ashe of murder because you doubt if he's guilty, so you're scooting. Right?" …"That's close enough," Wolfe said. "Not close enough for me. If you expect me to… invite a stiff fine for running out on a subpoena…, don't try to guff me. Say we doubt if Ashe is guilty, but we think he may get tagged because we know Mandelbaum wouldn't go to trial without a good case. Say also our bank account needs a shot in the arm, which is true. So we decide to see if we can…"
Synonyms: (break wind) See also , (mislead) To bullshit
guffaw etymology Probably onomatopoetic. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɡəˈfɔː/
  • (US) /ɡəˈfɔ/
  • (AU/NZ) /ɡəˈfoː/
  • {{audio}} Rhymes: , (for non-rhotic accents)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A boisterous laugh
    • {{RQ:Bronte Wuthering}} On opening the little door, two hairy monsters flew at my throat, bearing me down, and extinguishing the light; while a mingled guffaw from Heathcliff and Hareton put the copestone on my rage and humiliation.
    • 1906, , , ch. xx, He walked to the edge and they heard his hoarse guffaw of laughter as the arrows clanged and clattered against his impenetrable mail.
    • 1936, , , ch. 15, He heaved up with a sulfurous curse, braced his legs and glared about him, with a burst of coarse guffaws in his ears and the reek of unwashed bodies in his nostrils.
Synonyms: (boisterous laugh) belly laugh
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To laugh boisterously.
    • 1891, , , ch. 15, He guffawed at his adversaries.
    • 1900, , , Peter, on the contrary, threw back his head and guffawed thunderously.
Synonyms: See also

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