The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


Guffmanesque etymology Referring to the 1995 mockumentary . See -esque.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (theater, of a production, mildly, derogatory) amateurish or mawkish, but believed worthy of critic praise by its participant
guiche Alternative forms: geish etymology From French guiche. pronunciation
  • /ɡiːʃ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Perineum.
    • 1999, Chuck Palahniuk, Invisible Monsters Remix, Norton (2013), ISBN 9780393084030, unnumbered page: “I'm getting my guiche pierced,” she'd say. “lt's that little ridge of skin running between your asshole and the bottom of your vagina.”
    • 2004, Greg Wharton, M. Christian, Love Under Foot: An Erotic Celebration of Feet Al buries his face under those balls and starts tongue lapping at Henry's guiche while Henry's cock slides over Al's face, leaving a trail of dick snot along his furry cheek.
    • 2008, Patrick Richards, Addicted to Samantha, Pink Flamingo Publications (2008), ISBN 9781936173693, unnumbered page: I removed the nylon bikinis and spread my legs so she could admire my guiche.
  2. A kiss-curl.
    • 1973 Thomas Pynchon, Gravity’s Rainbow: At this distance, some 20 meters, she is only a dim figure in a black bombazine frock that reaches to her knees, her bare legs long and straight, a short hood of bright blonde hair keeping her face in shadow, coming up in guiches to touch her cheeks.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, ethnic slur) alternative form of guidette Italian-American female; an American female of Italian extraction
Alternative forms: guidette
  • Guido Italian-American male
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, ethnic slur) Italian-American female; an American female of Italian extraction
Alternative forms: Guidette
  • guido Italian-American male
Guido {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈɡwiːdəʊ/
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name of Italian origin. English equivalent: Guy
  2. (US, slang, pejorative, ethnic slur) a young, lower class or working class Italian-American or Italian-Canadian male from an urban environment.
  3. (US, slang, pejorative) A clothing style associated with the stereotype.
  • Carries the connotation of a person who is humorously uncultured and has a thuggish and overtly macho attitude and an unyielding pride in his ancestry. Common in Northeast areas such as Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, Staten Island, New Jersey, South Philadelphia, Baltimore, Boston, Rhode Island and Southwest Connecticut.
  • The fashion style includes gold or platinum chains, diamond stud earrings, plain T-shirts or muscle shirt, tracksuits, pompadours, slicked-back hair, or hairstyles
Synonyms: (person of Italian descent) dago, (person of Italian descent) Eyetie, (person of Italian descent) goombah, (person of Italian descent) greaseball, (person of Italian descent) guinea, (person of Italian descent) wog, (person of Italian descent) wopAlternative forms: (pejorative sense (of a person)) guido
coordinate terms:
  • (pejorative sense (of a person)) guido, guidette, Guidette
guido {{wikipedia}} {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, ethnic slur) Italian-American male; an American male of Italian extraction as a member of the working-class
    • 2013, Nathan J Morissey, 62 Hot Gay Stories In a way, he looked like one of those guidos from MTV's Jersey Shore, but he resembled them only in appearance.
Alternative forms: Guido
  • guidette Italian-American female
Synonyms: (person of Italian descent) dago, (person of Italian descent) Eyetie, (person of Italian descent) goombah, (person of Italian descent) greaseball, (person of Italian descent) guinea, (person of Italian descent) wog, (person of Italian descent) wop
guildie etymology guild + ie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (video games, slang) guildmate
    • Mike Langlois, Reset: Video Games & Psychotherapy Throughout all of this Luke was able to stay connected and supported by his friends and other members of his guild. He attributes his ability to move on and be ready for the next phase of his life through the enjoyment of WoW and his guildies.
guiltware etymology guilt + ware pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) Software that attempts to convince the user to fulfil some obligation (such as registration or donation to a charity) by eliciting feelings of guilt.
guilty as sin
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (simile, colloquial) Unquestionably guilty.
    • 1973, "The Jury of the People Weighs Nixon," Time, 12 Nov., Joe Feinberg, who supplied the decorative ceramic tiles for the Key Biscayne homes of both the President and Bebe Rebozo, thinks Nixon is "guilty as sin."
Guinea {{wikipedia}} etymology The name comes from the ber term "aginaw" via Portuguese; it originally meant "black" (or, in context, "land of the blacks.") pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɪniː/
  • {{audio}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. Country in Western Africa. Official name: Republic of Guinea.
  2. (US, slang, derogatory, ethnic slur) Someone of Italian descent in the United States.
guinea pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɪni/
etymology From Guinea, the country in West Africa. The name comes from the ber term "aginaw" via Portuguese; it originally meant "black" (or, in context, "land of the blacks.")
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, pejorative, ethnic slur) A person of Italian descent.
  2. (British, historical) A gold coin originally worth twenty shillings and originally made from gold imported from Africa; later (from 1717 until the adoption of decimal currency) standardised at a value of twenty-one shillings.
    • 1883: , English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georges, and Louises, doubloons and double guineas and moidores and sequins, the pictures of all the kings of Europe for the last hundred years, strange Oriental pieces stamped with what looked like wisps of string or bits of spider's web, round pieces and square pieces, and pieces bored through the middle, as if to wear them round your neck—nearly every variety of money in the world must, I think, have found a place in that collection...
  3. A ground-foraging bird of Africa, of the family Numididae. Domesticated strain include Pearl, White, Buff, Blue, Purple and Lavender. Also called guinea fowl.
Synonyms: (person of Italian descent) dago, Eyetie, goombah, greaseball, guido, wog, wop
guinea pig {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: guinea-pig, Guinea-pig, Guinea pig pronunciation
  • /ˈɡɪni pɪɡ/
etymology The origin of "guinea" in "guinea pig" is hard to explain. One theory is that the animals were brought to Europe by way of Guinea, leading people to think they had originated there.{{reference-book|last = Wagner|first = Joseph E.|last2 = Manning|first2 = Patrick J|title = The Biology of the Guinea Pig|date = 1976|publisher = Academic Press|isbn = 0-12-730050-3}} "Guinea" was also frequently used in English to refer generally to any far-off, unknown country, and so the name may simply be a colorful reference to the animal's foreignness.{{cite web|title = Results for "Guinea pig"|publisher =|url =|accessdate = 2006-08-29}} Others believe "guinea" may be an alteration of the word coney; guinea pigs were referred to as "pig coneys" in Edward Topsell's 1607 treatise on quadrupeds.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A tailless rodent of the the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia genus, with short ear and larger than a hamster; the species Cavia porcellus is often kept as a pet.
  2. A rodent of any of several species within the family Caviidae.
  3. (figuratively) A living experimental subject. He became a human guinea pig and was paid by the company.
  4. (obsolete) {{n-g}}
    • Smollett A good seaman he is... none of your guinea-pigs.
Synonyms: (rodent) cavy, (figuratively) lab rat
guinea pig director
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, colloquial) A company director (usually one holding a number of directorship) who serves merely or mainly for the fee (in England, often a guinea) paid for attendance.
guitar {{wikipedia}} etymology From Spanish guitarra, from Arabic قيثارة 〈qytẖạrẗ〉, from Latin cithara, from Ancient Greek κιθάρα 〈kithára〉. Compare cither. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɡɪˈtɑː(ɹ)/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (GenAm) /ɡɪˈtɑɹ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (Southern US) /ˈɡɪ.tɑɹ/
  • {{rhymes}} {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A string musical instrument, usually with fretted fingerboard and 6 strings, played with the fingers or a plectrum (guitar pick).
Synonyms: axe (slang), gat (New Zealand slang)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (rare) To play the guitar.
guitarist etymology guitar + ist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who plays or performs on the guitar.
Synonyms: (slang) plank spanker, axeman
gull pronunciation
  • /ˈɡʌl/
    • also (US) /ˈɡl̩/
      • {{homophones}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English gulle, ultimately from Proto-Celtic *waylannā, *wēlannā. Cognate with Cornish guilan, Welsh gwylan, Breton gouelan, Old Irish faílenn.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A seabird of the genus Larus or of the family Laridae.
Synonyms: (seabird) mew, seagull
etymology 2 Perhaps from an obsolete term gull.{{}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A cheating trick; a fraud.
    • 1599, , , BENEDICK. [Aside] I should think this a gull, but that the white-bearded fellow speaks it: knavery cannot, sure, hide itself in such reverence.
  2. One easily cheated; a dupe.
Synonyms: (dupe) See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To deceive or cheat.
    • Dryden The vulgar, gulled into rebellion, armed.
    • Coleridge I'm not gulling him for the emperor's service.
    • 1819, , Otho the Great, Act IV, Scene I, verse 162-165 … speak your curses out Against me, who would sooner crush and grind A brace of toads, than league with them to oppress An innocent lady, gull an Emperor …
  2. (US, slang) To mislead.
  3. (US, slang) To trick and defraud.
gulliver etymology From Russian голова 〈golova〉. Probably initially popularized by the Russian-influenced argot spoken by characters in the 1962 novel by . pronunciation {{rfp}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) one's head
gullywasher Alternative forms: gully-washer, gully washer etymology gully + washer
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal) An intense, but usually short-lived, rainstorm.
{{USRegionDisputed}} This term is used throughout the Midland,{{}} Southern{{,}}'''2001''', Colleen Cotter, ''USA Phrasebook'' and Western United States. Allan A. Metcalf's 2000 book How We Talk: American Regional English Today notes "there are gully washers throughout the South and South Midlands, and this is one Southern term that is well-known in the central Midwest as well, as far north as Nebraska, Iowa, and Wisconsin, and as far west as Colorado. But there aren't any gully washers in New England or the northernmost states, and the word is rare on the Pacific coast."
gum pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, ɡʌm
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English gome, from Old English gōma, from Proto-Germanic *gōmô, *gaumô (compare German Gaumen, Old Norse gómr whence Icelandic gómur), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂u-mo- 〈*ǵʰh₂u-mo-〉 (compare xto ko, txb koyṃ 〈koyṃ〉, Lithuanian gomurỹs 〈gomurỹs〉), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₂w- 〈*ǵʰeh₂w-〉. More at yawn.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (often, in the plural) The flesh round the teeth.
Synonyms: gingiva (medical)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal.
  2. (transitive) To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw), as with a gummer.
etymology 2 Middle English gomme, gumme, from xno gome, from ll gumma, from Latin cummi, gummi, from Ancient Greek κόμμι 〈kómmi〉, from Ancient Egyptian ḳmj-t 〈ḳmj-t〉 (qemỵt, qemài) 'acanthus resin'.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Any of various viscous or sticky substance that are exude by certain plant.
  2. (uncountable) Any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exude by certain plant.
  3. (uncountable) Chewing gum.
  4. (countable) A single piece of chewing gum. Do you have a gum to spare?
  5. (US, dialect, Southern US) A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive.
  6. (US, dialect, Southern US) A vessel or bin made from a hollow log.
  7. (US, dialect) A rubber overshoe.
related terms:
  • gumma
  • gummatous
  • gummic acid
  • gummiferous
  • gummite
  • gummose
  • gummosis
  • gummosity
  • gummous
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (sometimes with up) To apply an adhesive or gum to; to make sticky by applying a sticky substance to.
    • 2012, Julie Hedgepeth Williams, A Rare Titanic Family: The Caldwells' Story of Survival (ISBN 1603061169), page 184: However, Albert said in his audiotape and in his speech that a lever designed to release the lifeboat's block and tackle was gummed up with red paint.
  2. To stiffen with glue or gum.
    • Shakespeare He frets like a gummed velvet.
  3. (colloquial, with up) To impair the functioning of a thing or process. That cheap oil will gum up the engine valves. The new editor can gum up your article with too many commas.
  • mug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US) A person of Sicilian descent, often used pejoratively.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Chewing gum sold as a ball usually coated with colored hard sugar. Remember those clear globe dispensers with gumballs for a penny?
  2. (slang) A silly, laughable person. When he drinks too much he's a gumball.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A foolish person; a gump
    • 1860, Susan Warner and Anna Bartlett Warner, Say and Seal, page 246 Drossy saw ’em in her drawer, and for all the gumph he is, he knew the writing; and I made him get ’em for me this morning while they were at breakfast.
    • 1919, St. John Greer Ervine, John Ferguson He strikes me as the perfect example of an intellectual gumph. He knows too much!
    • 1938, George Smith, The Cornhill Magazine, page 816 ‘ Tell them what, you gumph ? ’ cried Squibs. ‘ Are you all mad ? ’
    • 1971, Ronald Hayman, John Gielgud, Random House, New York If Romeo were just a lovesick gumph, occasionally falling into a deeper trance in which he speaks unaccountable poetry, then Olivier is your Romeo.
  2. (uncountable) Gumption; grit.
    • {{ante}} Violet Hunt, The Coach Never lifted a hand to defend himself, hadn’t got any gumph.
    • 1955, Mathematics Teaching, Association of Teachers of Mathematics ...anyone likely to use the book would surely have enough gumph to try both before giving up.
  3. (uncountable, slang) Gumpth; excess.
    • 1998 December 15, T.C. Van Adler, St. Agatha's Breast: A Novel, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0312200196, Things had not been going will with Pino ever since he started to take Sister Apollonia’s bloated gumph as gospel. Thanks to the wacko, his man was actually getting a Christ complex.
    • 2000 April, Linda Grant, Remind Me Who I Am, Again, Granta Books, New Ed edition (July), ISBN 1862072442, page 266 ‘It’s like listening to adolescent daughters with all their gumph and they’re going to chew you out...
    • 2003 June 6, Chris Wooding, Crashing, Scholastic Point, Scholastic Paperbacks (November), ISBN 0439090121, pages 100-101 Between a couple of silent factories, beat-box music drifted over to us. Some kind of unrecognizable chart gumph; the usual mix of soul and rap.
gumption trap etymology Coined by Robert Pirsig in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An event or mindset that can cause a person to lose enthusiasm and become discouraged from starting or continuing a project.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (nonce, colloquial) Having gumption.
gumshoe pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡʌm.ʃuː/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sneaker or rubber overshoe.
  2. (slang) A detective.
    • 1920, , The Big-Town Round-Up, ch. 20, "Who's this gumshoe guy from the bush league tailin' us?"
Synonyms: (detective) detective, dick, private eye
gun {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From Middle English Lady Gunilda which was a huge crossbow that used powerful shot. It later became used for firearms like cannons and muskets. The gem woman’s name “Gundahild” is cognate to modern Scandinavian Gunhild. In Old Norse gunnr meant “battle", “war" + hildr (Old English cognate: hild), a word also meaning battle (for its usage as a female name see: Hilda), but in this context means "battle maid”. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɡʌn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A device for project a hard object very forcefully; a firearm or cannon. exampleGuns were considered improvements of crossbows and catapults.
    • {{RQ:RJfrs AmtrPqr}} They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
    1. A very portable, short firearm, for hand use, which fires bullet or projectile, such as a handgun, revolver, pistol{{,}} or Derringer.
    2. A less portable, long firearm, bullet or projectile firing; a rifle, either manual, automatic or semi-automatic; a flintlock, musket or shotgun.
    3. (military) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity.JP 1-02. ''Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, 8 November 2010 (As Amended Through 15 March 2012)'', p.142. ([// Searchable online version])
    4. (military) A cannon with a 6-inch/155mm minimum nominal bore diameter and tube length 30 caliber or more. See also: howitzer; mortar.
    5. (figurative) A firearm or cannon used for saluting or signalling.21-gun-salute
      • {{RQ:SWymn ChpngBrgh}} It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street.{{nb...}}. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
  2. A device operated by a trigger and acting in a manner similar to a firearm. exampleThere are some guns that are not designed for killing.
    1. Any implement designed to fire a projectile from a tube. exampleair-pressure pellet gun;  air rifle;  BB gun;  zipgun;  {{nowrap}};  {{nowrap}}
    2. A device or tool that projects a substance. examplea squirt gun;  a spray gun;  {{nowrap}}
    3. A device or tool that applies something rather than projecting it. examplea rivet gun;  a screw gun;  {{nowrap}}
  3. (surfing) A long surfboard designed for surfing big wave (not the same as a longboard, a gun has a pointed nose and is generally a little narrower).
    • 2000, Drew Kampion, by the winter of 1962, the Brewer Surfboards Hawaii gun was the most in-demand big-wave equipment on the North Shore.
  4. (cellular automata) A pattern that "fires" out other patterns.
    • 2000, Gary William Flake, The computational beauty of nature The glider gun on the bottom of the NOT circuit emits a continuous stream of gliders, while the data stream source emits a glider only when there is a value of 1 in the stream….
    • 2010, Andrew Adamatzky, Game of Life Cellular Automata, p.74: Greene's period-416 2c/5 spaceship gun
  5. (colloquial) A man who carries or uses a rifle, shotgun or handgun.
  6. (colloquial, usually plural) The biceps.
  7. (nautical, in the plural) Violent blasts of wind.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (with “down”) To shoot someone or something, usually with a firearm. He gunned down the hitmen. The CEO gunned down that idea before we could present it to the board.
  2. To speed something up. He gunned the engine.
  3. To offer vigorous support to a person or cause. He’s gunning for you.
  4. To seek to attack someone; to take aim at someone. He's been gunning for you ever since you embarrassed him at the party.
  5. To practice fowl or hunting small game; chiefly in participial form: to go gunning.
etymology 2 From gunna, from gonna, from going to
verb: {{head}}
  1. eye dialect of going to I'm gun go get da gun from da closet.
  • GNU, gnu, nug
gunbird etymology gun + bird
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military, slang) A military helicopter.
    • 2010, Patrick Wageman, Crossing the Rubicon "A gunbird's passing right above us!" warned an edgy Pellip.
    • 2013, John J. Gebhart, LBJ's Hired Gun The landing went unopposed, with no VC/NVA fire. The gunbirds ran around the local area looking for suitable targets and generally shot up every tree line and bushy area.
gunfire etymology From gun + fire. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡʌnfʌɪə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Shots from a gun or guns, typically creating loud report. Let's hide in the trees to avoid the gunfire. Sergeant, direct your gunfire toward that copse of trees.
  2. (chiefly, military) The use of gunpowder-type weapons, mainly cannon, as opposed to swords or bayonets. Killing people became much easier and faster once armies started using gunfire.
  3. (military) The time of firing of the morning gun or the evening gun.
    • 1851, W. Draper Bolton, Bolton's Mauritius almanac, and official directory, Art. 33. All Plying boats, with the exception of two which are to be weekly appoin[t]ed by the Chief Commissary of Police and Harbour Master, and at gunfire in the evening to be placed in a tier alongside of the Quay or at a place to be pointed out by these Officers and fastened by a claim and a padlock, the key of which is to be kept by the Porter on duty or by the Police Guard who is to release them at gunfire in the morning.
    • 1864, Edmund Burke (editor), The Annual Register; A review of public events at home and abroad, for the year 1863, The grand event on the 14th was the shooting for the second stage for the Queen's prize. This commenced punctually at gunfire in the morning : the men being divided into four squads at the long ranges on the north side of the common.
  4. (army slang) Tea, a cup of tea, especially one served early in the morning before first parade.
    • 1937, David Jones, In Parenthesis, I: They had only in them the rolled mattresses, the neatly piled bed-boards and the empty tea-buckets of the orderly-men, empied of their last gun-fire.
related terms:
  • gunnery
  • gunpowder
  • gunshot
  • gunshy or gun-shy
gung ho Alternative forms: gungho, gung-ho etymology From a World War II catachresis of cmn gōnghé ( gōng, work + , together), itself an acronym for gōngyè hézuòshè (工業合作社, 工业合作社 Chinese Industrial Cooperative Society). pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɡʌŋˈhəʊ/
  • (GenAm) /ɡʌŋˈhoŭ/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal, derogatory) Very enthusiastic or energetic. No matter how gung ho you are when you start, you will tire as you become mired in details.
gunk pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, informal) dirt or grime; any vague or unknown substance I washed all the gunk off the light fixture, and found that it was white, not brown.
  2. (uncountable) A subculture of 21st century American males, combining elements of modern gothic culture with punk rock.
  3. (countable) A member of the gunk subculture.
Synonyms: goo, goop, gunge
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To soil or make dirty
  • ǃKung
gunk up
verb: gunk up
  1. (informal) To soil or dirty; to mess up; to clog. I don't want to gunk up my new shoes, so I'll wear the old ones in the garden. The sandpaper strips off the old green paint, but it gunks up quickly.
gunloon etymology gun + loon ‘crazy or deranged person’
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) A person obsessed with owning gun; a zealous supporter of the right to bear arms.
etymology 1 Middle English gun + -er. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɡʌn.ə(ɹ)/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (military) Artillery soldier, or such who holds private rank. Abbreviated Gnr.
  2. A person who operates a gun.
  3. (figuratively) An excessive go-getter; one exhibiting over-ambition.
  4. (American football) A player on the kicking side whose primary job is to tackle the kickoff returner or punt returner.
  5. (UK, slang, soccer) A fan of the Arsenal Football Club.
  6. The great northern diver or loon.
  7. (UK, Ireland, dialect) The sea bream.
etymology 2
contraction: {{head}}
  1. (rare) alternative spelling of gonna
etymology 1 From Hindi and Marathi. {{rfscript}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A coarse heavy fabric made of jute or hemp.
    • 1974, Lawrence Durrell, Monsieur, Faber & Faber 1992, p. 102: Provisions were ferried by camel in stout sacks of gunny with blocks of ice packed round them; a herculean task.
  2. (countable) A gunny sack.
etymology 2 A shortening of gunnery sergeant
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, informal) A gunnery sergeant.
    • Spare parts: a marine reservist's journey from campus to combat in Vietnam, Buzz Williams, 2004, “The gunny's voice reverberated between the barracks as we marched, “Ya left right . . . left right . . . left right left. ... Then the gunny unexpectedly stopped our forward movement. “Company, halt!””
    • The Hunters, W. E. B. Griffin, 2007, ““As a rule of thumb, Marine corporals, when a gunny asks a question, answer it,””
    • Joker One: A Marine Platoon's Story of Courage, Leadership, and ..., page 37, Donovan Campbell, 2010, “Alongside even' officer chain of command is an enlisted one, and the company gunnery sergeant ("gunny" for short) is the enlisted counterpart ... Without a gunny, the day-to-day operations of the infantry would likely grind to a halt.”
gunpoke etymology From gun + poke, after cowpoke. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡʌnpəʊk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Someone who carries a gun; an armed man.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 164: ‘He lets you win a lot of money and sends a gunpoke around to take it back for him.’
guns pronunciation
  • (RP) /ɡʌnz/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of gun
  2. (plural only, bodybuilding, slang) Well-developed muscle of the upper arm, especially the biceps and triceps.
    • 2005, Joe Kita (ed.), Men's Health Best: Arms, page 6 And there's still no better way to throw down the fitness gauntlet that to roll up your sleeves and unveil some powerful guns.
    • 2010, Mark Alvisi (quote from a reader), "Mark of a Champion", Muscular Development‎ 47(1): 350 I read in another magazine about a workout that can put a whole inch on your arms in just one day! Obviously that sounds awesome, because my guns are only 15 inches.
Synonyms: (muscles of the upper arm) biceps, pythons
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of gun
  • gnus, nugs, snug, sung
gunsel pronunciation
  • /ˈɡʌnsəl/
etymology 1 From Yiddish גענדזל 〈gʻndzl〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A young man kept for homosexual purposes; a catamite.
    • 1929, Dashiell Hammett, The Maltese Falcon (novel): The boy’s eyes … ran over Spade’s body from shoulders to knees, … ¶ “Another thing,” Spade repeated, glaring at the boy: “Keep that gunsel away from me while you’re making up your mind. I’ll kill him. …”
  2. (street and prison slang) A passive partner in anal intercourse.
etymology 2 By misunderstanding of the 1929 Maltese Falcon quotation above (which survived in a popular 1941 film adaptation). The novel was originally serialized in a magazine, Black Mask (magazine), whose editor refused to allow vulgarities. Hammett used the word knowing that the editor would likely misunderstand it as relating to gun, and therefore allow it.William Safire, “[ Dirigiste]” (''On Language'' column, 2000 April 30), in ''The New York Times''; relevant portion also in ''The Right Word in the Right Place at the Right Time'', Simon and Schuster (2004), ISBN 9780743242448, [ page 35].Michael Quinion, “[ Gunsel]” (''World Wide Words'' piece, 2006 August 12).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A gun-carrying hoodlum or other criminal.
  • lunges
gurl etymology Variant spelling of girl. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ɡɝl/
  • (RP) /ɡɜːl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (LGBT slang) Term of address between gay men.
gurrier etymology Uncertain. Suggestions include:
  • alteration of gutter
  • from gurry, a brawl
  • related to gur cake, a cheap cake eaten by poor children
  • from French guerrier, a warrior
The word “gurrier” is a misspelling of a word used in the West of Ireland, “gorier” for a hatching hen. The Irish word for “hatch”, as used in reference to hatching birds, is “gor”. The translation of, “the hen is hatching” is “tá an cearc ar gor”. The word is pronounced, “gorrier”, with the “o” sounding as the “o” in the irish word, gorm (blue) or poll (hole). In view of its derivation, this would be a more appropriate spelling. The “u” spelling is the result of the Dublin working class, known as a “Dub” accent, which has a tendency to pronounce the “o” as a “u” sound, for example, world is pronounced wurld, working is pronounced wurking, etc. A rapid “Dub” accent interruption for an explanation would often consist of, whah, whah whah, whah’s thah, whah’s thah, and would sound like the bock, bock, sound of a hatching hen when disturbed.
  • (Ireland) /ˈɡʌɹiəɹ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, Ireland, pejorative) spiv, rascal; lout, ruffian; street urchin
    • [1954] 1967: transcript of 's libel action; reprinted in Collected pruse, MacGibbon & Kee, p.172: "At the beginning of our encounter I want a definition. What is a gurrier? —It is a euphemism for the word 'gutter'.At all events it is part of your verbal currency? —It is not. It is currency in Dublin."
    • 1966, Seamus De Burca, The Irish digest, Vol. 86, p.25: 'The Garda sergeant wanted to know the distinction between a Gouger and a Gurrier. Mr. Howard, who was a true-blue Dubliner, supplied the answer: "A Gurrier is a little man cut short, a mickey dazzler. He cuts a dash among the girls and is always willing and able to strike a blow for a pal. But our Gurrier, unlike the Gouger, never gets into trouble with the police."'
    • 29 November, 1967, Committee on Finance. - Vote 6—Office of the Minister for Finance (Resumed)., Dáil Éireann - Vol.231,col.1076: : Oh, I am not referring to the Minister as a gurrier. I am only expressing amazement that a resident of , who has graduated to , should use the language of the gurrier.: You are wrong on both counts and I do not resent the title “gurrier” at all.
    • [1970] 2001, , A Pagan Place, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, ISBN 0618126902, p.121: "She said the gentleman in question was nothing but a gurrier. She went into details over his garb and his accent. He wore a blazer with brass buttons and his trousers were gray flannel. He was the sporting type. His accent she said had to be heard to be believed, likewise his impertinence. She called him a pup. Then she said gurrier. Then she reverted to pup."
    • 1980, Padraic O'Farrell, How the Irish speak English, Mercier Press, p.22: "A 'gouger', 'gurrier', 'cowboy' or 'gink' is a bad type of fellow."
    • 1983, , Dublin, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192141244, p.3: "People from other parts of Ireland refer to Dubliners as Jackeens or Gurriers. Jackeen in the city always meant a cunning, loudmouthed, ignorant youth: while Gurrier was a term of approbation. In the Thirties and Forties to be a Great Little Gurrier was to be a bosom friend, a fine fellow, a taproom companion: but today it has been debased and is the equivalent of a bowsey or a gouger."
    • 1994, , The secret world of the Irish male, ISBN 1874597146, p.149: "The old man told me that was nothing but a dirty little pup who had never done a decent day's work in his life, a dirty little gurrier who had run Ireland down for money"
    • 1998, Kevin Corrigan Kearns, Dublin voices: an oral folk history, p.201: "A gurrier means a fella that was rough and tough and would pick a fight quite easily and his language wasn't the best"
    • 31 January, 2002, , Private Members' Business. - Crime Levels: Motion Resumed., Dáil Éireann - Vol.547,col.870: "Some weeks ago I was a victim of crime within 150 yards of the gates of . I was approached or set upon by a little gurrier with a syringe."
  • Originally and mainly restricted to
Synonyms: bowsey, gouger; skanger
guru {{was wotd}} Alternative forms: goru {{defdate}}, gooroo {{defdate}} etymology From Hindi गुरू 〈gurū〉 / Urdu گرو 〈grw〉, from Sanskrit गुरु 〈guru〉, originally "heavy" and in this sense cognate to English grieve. (A traditional etymology based on the Advaya Taraka Upanishad (line 16){{cite web|url=|title=Advaya Taraka Upanishad(English Translation)|accessdate=December 15, 2011}} describes the syllables gu as 'darkness' and ru as 'destroyer', thus meaning "one who destroys/dispels darkness") pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈɡʊ.ɹuː/, /ˈɡuː.ɹuː/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A Hindu or Sikh spiritual teacher. {{defdate}}
    • 1817, William Ward, History, Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, vol II: When the gooroo arrives at the house of a disciple, the whole family prostrate themselves at his feet, and the spiritual guide puts his right foot on the heads of the prostrate family.
    • 2010, Wendy Shanker, The Guardian, 10 May 2010: Traditionally, a guru is a spiritual teacher who guides a student on the road to Enlightenment, or finding God.
  2. (sometimes, humorous) An influential advisor or mentor. {{defdate}}
    • 2004, ‘Vintage technology’, Time, 18 Oct 2004: Many oenophiles rely on the ratings and recommendations of wine guru Robert Parker when selecting the perfect bottle.
gushfest etymology gush + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An effusive outpouring of word.
    • 2004, Alice Alfonsi, Freaked Out Lizzie watched Kate and Claire continue their gushfest, from table to table, all the way across the cafeteria.
    • {{quote-news}}
gussy up etymology Probably derived from gusset.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To don fancy clothing; to dress up particularly in flattering or specially altered garments. You bet she'll gussy up for the party.
gut etymology From Middle English gut, gutte, gotte, from Old English gutt (usually in plural guttas), from Proto-Germanic *gut-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeud-. Related to English gote, Old English ġēotan. More at gote, yote. pronunciation
  • /ɡʌt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The alimentary canal, especially the intestine.
  2. (informal) The abdomen of a person, especially one that is enlarged beer gut
  3. (uncountable) The intestines of an animal used to make strings of a tennis racket or violin, etc.
  4. A person's emotional, visceral self. I have a funny feeling in my gut.
  5. (in the plural) The essential, core parts. He knew all about the guts of the business, how things actually get done.
  6. (in the plural) Ability and will to face up to adversity or unpleasantness. It took a lot of guts to admit to using banned substances on television.
  7. (informal) A gut course You should take Intro Astronomy: it's a gut.
  8. A narrow passage of water. the Gut of Canso
  9. The sac of silk taken from a silkworm when ready to spin its cocoon, for the purpose of drawing it out into a thread. When dry, it is exceedingly strong, and is used as the snood of a fishing line.
Synonyms: (alimentary canal, intestine) alimentary canal, digestive system, guts, intestine, tharm, innards, (abdomen of a person, especially one that is enlarged) abdomen, beer belly, (enlarged), beer gut (UK, enlarged), belly, paunch (enlarged), potbelly (enlarged), stomach, tum, tummy, (intestines of an animal used to make strings) catgut
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To eviscerate.
  2. (transitive) To remove or destroy the most important parts of.
    • fire gutted the building
    • Congress gutted the welfare bill.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Made of gut, e.g., a violin with gut strings
  2. Instinctive, e.g., a gut reaction
related terms:
  • blood-and-guts
  • tug
gutbomb etymology gut + bomb
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A food item that is hard on the stomach due to its greasiness, large size, richness, etc.
    • 1999, Robert Sietsema, "Hamburger Heaven", Village Voice, 27 April 1999: Of 18 varieties, the Harlem ($6.40) is the pride of the establishment, melting twin Americans over the beef, flopping on a runny egg, depositing the result on a splayed bun, and finally dumping chili con carne over the whole thing—a delicious gutbomb that defies digestion.
    • 2001, John T. Edge, Georgia, Compass American Guides (2001), ISBN 9780676901375, page 65: Opened in 1934, this cleaner-than-clean diner serves hand-patted hamburgers on roasted buns and gutbomb chili to a loyal cadre of locals.
    • 2006, Lily Burana, Try, St. Martin's Griffin (2007), ISBN 9780312369330, page 176: At midnight, J. W. and I stopped outside Thermopolis and bought two jumbo coffees and microwave gutbomb burritos at a fuel plaza with a food mart big as an Albertson's.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
gut buster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) An extremely funny joke.
  2. (colloquial) A meal that causes particular gastronomic pain.
gut feeling
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic) an instinct or intuition; an immediate or basic feeling or reaction without a logical rationale Don't think too hard about the answers to a personality test; just go with your gut feeling. Susan had a gut feeling she was being followed, so she hurried to her car.
related terms:
  • gut instinct
  • gut reaction
gutful Alternative forms: gutsful (chiefly New Zealand) etymology gut + ful
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) As much as a gut (abdomen) will hold. He drank a gutful of beer.
    • 2005, , The Killer′s Guide to Iceland, [http//|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ORlzT6TuHIjAiQenorT9DA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 66], In every dark corner, fat black bin bags were bent double, throwing up gutfuls of old clothes.
    • 2006, , Clamped, [http//|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ZRZzT-X2M4rBiQeX3KjkDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 198], Several gutfuls of alcoholic laughter-breath rolled around the room.
    • 2010, , The Pericles Commission, [http//|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ORlzT6TuHIjAiQenorT9DA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], Stratonike laughed, great gutfuls of loud raucous laughter that carried across the crowd.
  2. (UK, Australia, New Zealand, slang) As much as one is willing to hear or experience; too much. I've had a gutful of politics lately.
    • 2002, , , [http//|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=DRBzT_70PMSjiQeGxfDjDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutful%22|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 199], He starts mouthing off a bit, then Priz says, “Pipe down while we′re trying to eat,” and then Dogga looks up and puts in, “I′ve had a gutful of ye.” ‘So then Barrowclough, the uraguhne, says, “Well, I′ve had a gutful of ye,” and adds, “I′ll break yer bleedin′ kneck.”
    • 2003, , Harrigan: The Referee in a League of His Own, [http//|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KwtzT6aUD-KaiQfu5-njDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutful%22|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], I told the captain what had happened and that the only reason the second rower hadn′t been sent off was because he missed. Then I added that I′d had a gutful and I′d start getting rid of blokes if it kept up. The captain said, ‘You′ve had a gutful! Well, we′ve had a gutful of you.’
    • 2008, , All That Happened at Number 26, [http//|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KwtzT6aUD-KaiQfu5-njDw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22gutful%22|%22gutfuls%22|%22gutsful%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 141], I looked at him and thought, ‘…He is, he′s exposing himself!’ I abandoned my shopping trolley, marched over to him and screamed, 'I′ve had a gutful! Do you understand me? I′ve had an absolute gutful of men and their dicks.…’
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) cowardly; lacking courage or morals.
gutless wonder
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory, idiomatic) One who lacks guts or courage; a coward.
    • 1993, Archie Weller, Going Home: Yer can't even fight unless you've got a knife or picket or broken bottle, yer gutless wonder.
The idea is that the addressee's figurative gutlessness (cowardice) has been carried over into physical gutlessness (disembowelment), and that his bowel-less survival is a wonder. Synonyms: See also
gut rot
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Stomach ache.
guts {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of gut
  2. The entrails or contents of the abdomen.
  3. (slang) Courage; determination.
    • It must have taken some guts to speak in front that audience.
    • She doesn't take any nonsense from anyone—she's got guts.
  4. (slang) Content, substance.
    • His speech had no guts in it.
Synonyms: (entrails) entrails, guttings, innards, insides, viscera, (courage) balls, nerve, pluck, big balls
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To show determination or courage (especially in the combination guts out). He gutsed out a 6-1 win.
  • gust
  • tugs
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) eviscerated
    • 1829: Thomas Curtis (ed), The London encyclopaedia, or, Universal dictionary of science, art, literature, and practical mechanics, by the orig. ed. of the Encyclopaedia metropolitana The exports, on the whole, in 1815, exceeded those of 1816; but the gutted herrings exported in the latter year exceeded those of the former by 12606½ barrels
    • 2006: John Durand, Behind Enemy Lines: A Memoir He was leaning forward, head down, taking one deliberate step after another, both arms behind, dragging his gutted buck by its barely forked antlers.
  2. With the most important parts destroyed (often by fire), removed or rendered useless.
    • 1786: Hannah More, Florio read in The Works of Hannah More, in Four Volumes: Including Several Pieces Never Before Published, Vol. I. (1803) (referring to the practice of newspapers removing all intermediate vowels from the names of people about whom they were making potentially libelous statements, as eg Fl-r-o, compare 1714 cite of past participle, below) For he to keep him from the vapours, /Subscribed at Hookham's, saw the papers; /Was deep in poet's-corner wit; /Knew what was in italics writ; /Explain'd fictitious names at will, /Each gutted syllable cou'd fill; /There oft, in paragraphs, his name /Gave symptom sweet of growing fame.
    • 1841: "An intelligent gentleman of Berwick" quoted in Charles Ellms, The Tragedy of the Seas; Or, Sorrow on the Ocean, Lake, and River, from Shipwreck, Plague, Fire and Famine We have this day paid a visit to the wreck, which is lying in much the same state that it was, only somewhat more gutted by the occasional dashing of the billows amongst its timber and planks.
    • 1998: Dorothy U. Seyler, Read, Reason, Write The markets will be more gutted than usual.
    • 2006: John W. Quist, An Occasionally Dry State Surrounded by Water: Temperance and Prohibition in Antebellum Michigan read in Paul Finkelman, Martin Hershock (eds), History of Michigan Law Recognizing by late April that the new law was gutted beyond repair, the Michigan State Temperance Society urged prohibitionists to interrogate every every political candidate on this issue and to vote only for those who would "publicly pledge" to support "the passage and enforcement of [another] law".
  3. (chiefly, archaic) Having a gut or guts.
    • 1704: Jonathan Swift, A Full and True Account of the Battle Fought last Friday Between the Antient and the Modern Books in St James's Library read in John Hawkesworth The Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin, accurately revised In Twelve Volumes, Adorned with Copper-Plates; with Some Account of the Author's Life, and Notes Historical and Explanatory (1755) Having spoke thus, she took the ugliest of her monsters, full gutted from her spleen, and flung it invisibly into his mouth, which, flying straight up into his head, squeezed out his eye-balls, gave him a distorted look, and half overturned his brain.
    • 2006: Karra Porter, Mad Seasons: The Story of the First Women's Professional Basketball League, 1978-1981 He could tell she wanted to cry. "We've made a pact that we are going to try to get into men's basketball, and we're not going to do any of this crying stuff," he reminded her, and she gutted it out.
    • 2006: Duane K. Maddy, "Uh, I'm having a problem " mumbled the soggy-gutted bear as he suddenly found himself wedged between two large Austrian women.
  4. (slang) deeply disappointed
    • 1986: Keith William Nolan, Into Laos: Dewey Canyon II/Lam Son 719 ; Vietnam 1971 The whole platoon had felt gutted, an attitude rarely reflected in press reporters.
    • 2001: Terry Eagleton, Figures of Dissent: Critical Essays on Fish, Spivak, Zizek and Others Throughout the book he runs the whole gamut of emotion from ‘chuffed' to ‘gutted', while being on the whole (surprisingly, for a fabulously gifted millionaire) more gutted than chuffed, and he cheerfully confesses to a short temper.
    • 2004: "Bobbins", quoted in Justine Roberts, Mums on Pregnancy: Trade Secrets from the Real Experts The thing I was most gutted about was that I had planned to finish knitting a patchwork cot blanket. It never did get finished.
    • 2006: Paul Mitch, Life on the Rock and Roll: Dole So there I was feeling totally gutted by the whole ghastly business.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of gut eviscerated
    • 1824: Charles Swan, Tale I. Of the Wonderful Dispensations of Providence, and of the Rise of Pope Gregory in Gesta Romanorum, Or, Entertaining Moral Stories: Invented by the monks as a fire-side recreation; and commonly applied in their discourses from the pulpit: whence the most celebrated of our own poets and others, from the earliest times, have extracted their plots. Translated from the Latin with Preliminary Observations and Copious Notes, in Two Volumes. Vol. II. It happened that on the same day, a number of fishes were caught; and as he gutted one of them, he found the keys which seventeen years before he had cast into the sea.
    • 2006: Emma Christopher, Slave Ship Sailors and Their Captive Cargoes, 1730-1807 A small incident noted by another unnamed diarist writes of an African coming to him as he gutted fish to make an impromptu trade of the fish for a coconut.
    • 1818: W. M. (William Marshall) Craig, Memoir of Her Majesty Sophia Charlotte, of Mecklenburg Strelitz, Queen of Great Britain, &c. &c. &c. shewing From faithful Representations and authentic Documents, that excellent lady to have been always as eminent for her virtues and accomplishments, as illustrious by her birth and high station...[full title stretches to 105 words in spite of the &cs] The mob collected in the neighbourhood of Moorfields, and attacked the School House, as well as some dwellings, belonging to Papists; which they completely gutted, burning even the floors and timber of the apartments.
    • 2006: Stephen Edward Cresswell, Rednecks, Redeemers, And Race: Mississippi After Reconstruction, 1877-1917 Many believed this provision gutted the new law, as Lowry appointed three very conservative men to the body.
  2. Past participle of to gut eviscerated
    • 1767: Henry Brooke, The Fool of Quality: Or, The History of Henry, Earl of Moreland During this confabulation, the whole house, drawers and all, was gutted as clean as a fowl for supper.
    • 1801: John Coakley Lettsom, Hints Designed to Promote Beneficence, Temperance, & Medical Science, Vol 1 (of slightly salted herrings) Let them be gutted, washed, and soaked, in cold water for an hour, then put them into the boiler in cold water.
    • 2006: Neal Lineback, Charley Craft: The Life and Times of a North Carolinian Turned Oklahoma Homesteader, 1872-1934 The chicken would be gutted, a process that usually took place in the barnyard.
    • 1714: Joseph Addison, The Spectator No. 567: On Innuendos, Paper I. read in Anna Letitia Barbauld, Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, Selections from the Spectator, Tatler, Guardian, and Freeholder: With a Preliminary Essay: in three volumes: Vol. II. (1804) This way of writing was first of all introduced by T—m Br—wn, of facetious memory, who, after having gutted a proper name of all its intermediate vowels, used to plant it in his works, and make as free with it as he pleased, without any danger of the statute.
    • 1751: Thomas Gordon, Richard Barron, A Cordial for Low Spirits, Being a Collection of Valuable Tracts by the Late Thomas Gordon Esq; The Second Edition, Vol 1 For, not to mention that the Town would infallibly have been plundered, had not the Inhabitants gutted their Houses when they run away, it is certain that we have vanquished several great Guns, and brought them away Captives.
    • 2006: Robert F. (EDT) Williams, State Constitutions for the Twenty-First Century, Volume 1: The Politics of State Constitutional Reform Sponsoring groups employed the constitutional initiative only after their proposals were twice blocked by gubernatorial vetoes and their successful statutory initiative was gutted by subsequent legislation.
    • 1987: Susan Carroll, Winterbourne He was as gutted and empty as the ruined walls whose shadows loomed over him in the fleeting light of day.
    • 2006: Marina Nicholas, Mohammed Taranissi, 3 steps to fertility: The Infertile Couple's Guide to Maximising Their Ability to Conceive In order to progress, we need to wait until the next period! I'm gutted! Been given some tablets to help accelerate this and should get it within 7-10 days.
  • {{seeCites}}
guttermouth Alternative forms: gutter mouth
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A foul-mouthed person.
  2. (informal) The obscene manner of speaking of a person who is foul-mouthed.
Synonyms: potty mouth
gutter press
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, pejorative) Derogative term for the sensationalist tabloid newspapers in general.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A person who is from the lowest social or economic class.
  2. (derogatory) A street urchin.
  3. (dated, slang) A small poster, suitable for a kerbstone.
  4. (dated, slang, US) A kerbstone broker.
{{Webster 1913}}
guv etymology Alternative phonetic spelling of gov, short for governor.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, chiefly, London, informal) a form of address, usually to an unknown male or a superior. An informal form of sir. Spare two quid, guv? I 'aven't eaten since yesterday. Right away, guv... I mean, sarge.
Synonyms: boss
Alternative forms: gov
related terms:
  • guv'nor
  • governor
  • vug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) eye dialect of governor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) eye dialect of governor
guy pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɡaɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old French guie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete and rare) A guide; a leader or conductor.
  2. (primarily nautical) A support rope or cable used to guide, steady or secure something which is being hoisted or lowered. Also a support to secure or steady something prone to shift its position or be carried away, e.g. the mast of a ship or a suspension-bridge.
  • (nautical) cordage
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To equip with a support cable.
etymology 2 Named from (1570-1606), an English Catholic hanged for his role in the Gunpowder Plot.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British) An effigy of a man burned on a bonfire on the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot (5th November).
  2. (archaic) A person of eccentric appearance or dress.
    • W. S. Gilbert The lady … who dresses like a guy.
  3. (colloquial) A male A new guy started at the office today. Jane considers that guy to be very good looking.
  4. (colloquial, in the plural) people I wonder what those guys are doing with that cat?
  5. (colloquial, of animals and sometimes objects) thing, creature The dog's left foreleg was broken, poor little guy.
  6. (colloquial, technology) thing, unit This guy, here, controls the current, and this guy, here, measures the voltage.
  7. (informal, term of address) Buster, Mack, fella Hey, guy, give a man a break, would ya?
  • In plural, guys is not completely gender-neutral but it may refer to people of either sex in some circumstances and forms; the greeting "Hey guys" can generally refer to people of either gender. This usage is not always seen as accurate or correct. Referring to a group as "guys" usually means a group of men or a mixed-gender group, since describing a group of women as guys, as in "the are a bunch of guys", suggests that they are male, and is generally viewed as incorrect or inaccurate in that usage. In contrast, the all-male band could accurately be described as "a bunch of guys" in slang. The usage of the plural guys in the phrase "some guys chased them away" would generally be assumed to mean men rather than women.
  • When used of animals, guy usually refers to either a male or one whose gender is not known; it is rarely if ever used of an animal that is known to be female.
  • In some varieties of US and Canadian English, you guys revives the distinction between a singular and plural you, much like y'all in other varieties.
Synonyms: (US) (man) dude, fella, homey, bro, (British) (man) bloke, geezer, cove, fellow, chap, See also
  • (male) gal
  • (male) girl
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To exhibit an effigy of Guy Fawkes around the 5th November.
  2. (transitive) To make fun of, to ridicule with wit or innuendo.
    • 2003, Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, Penguin 2004, p. 278: Swift and other satirists mercilessly guyed the unlettered self-importance of the peddlars of such soul-food, exposing their humility and self-laceration as an egregious and obnoxious form of self-advertisement (s'excuser, c'est s'accuser).
    • 2006, Clive James, North Face of Soho, Picador 2007, p. 187: Terry Kilmartin [...], applauded for every ‘um’ and ‘ah’, knew that he was being guyed and had the charm to make it funny.
guyfriend Alternative forms: guy-friend, guy friend
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a male friend.
This word is used to indicate that this male is simply a friend, and not a lover. It is often used instead of boyfriend, as boyfriend usually suggests that the relationship is romantic.
guylike etymology guy + like
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Characteristic of a guy, a male.
guyliner etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Eyeliner when used on men; usually associated with the goth and emo subculture.
    • 2011, Joanna Pearson, The Rites and Wrongs of Janice Wills (page 29) I threaded my way through a crowd of Goths slouching against cars in guyliner and black pants…
    • 2012, Megan Bostic, Never Eighteen Trevor looks kind of emo, rail thin, dark hair, guyliner, wears black all the time.
guys pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɡaɪz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{head}} plural
  1. plural of guy
  2. (colloquial) Persons, irrespective of their genders. Who are those guys?
  3. (colloquial) A form of address for a group of male persons or a group of mixed male and female persons. Hi guys!
Synonyms: (persons irrespective of gender): people, person, folks, (male persons): bloke (British), chap (British), dude (US), fellows, gents
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of guys; plural of guy.
    • 1998, Ray A. Young Bear, Remnants of the First Earth, page 285: Hey, old fogies, why don't you guyses blow a Trojan and float away, okay?
    • 1983, Howard White, Raincoast chronicles six/ten, page 35: "I'm going to get one two times as big as you guyses," Sammy squawked in her Keeky voice.
  2. (colloquial) Alternative spelling of form of possessive.
    • 2010, Mary Sojourner, Going Through Ghosts, page 44: "Scuse me," a voice said cheerfully, "can I snatch you guyses Tabasco sauce?"
guyver Alternative forms: guiver, gyver etymology Origin unknown. pronunciation
  • /ˈɡaɪvə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Flattering talk; behaviour put on to impress or deceive; persiflage.'''[ guyver]''', entry in '''1989''', Joan Hughes, ''Australian Words and Their Origins'', page 249.
guzzle etymology Attested since 1576. Possibly imitative of the sound of drinking greedily, or from Old French gouziller, gosillier, from gosier, and akin to Italian gozzo. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To drink (or, sometimes, eat) quickly, voraciously, or to excess; to gulp down; to swallow greedily, continually, or with gust. They spent most of their college days guzzling beer.
    • 1720, , “Friday; or, the Dirge” in Poems on Several Occasions, Google Books No more her care shall fill the hollow tray, / To fat the guzzling hogs with floods of whey.
    • 1971, & , “Oompa Loompa, Doompa-Dee-Do”, from What do you get when you guzzle down sweets, / Eating as much as an elephant eats?
  2. (intransitive, dated) To consume alcoholic beverages, especially frequently or habitually.
    • 1649, , , Google Books A comparison more properly bestowed on those that came to guzzle in his wine cellar.
    • 1684, , Essay on Translated Verse, Google Books Well-seasoned bowls the gossip's spirits raise, Who, while she guzzles, chats the doctor's praise.
    • 1859, , The Virginians, Google Books Every theatre had it's footman's gallery: […] they guzzled, devoured, debauched, cheated, played cards, bullied visitors for vails: […]
  3. (by extension) To consume anything quickly, greedily, or to excess, as if with insatiable thirst. This car just guzzles petrol.
    • 2004, Mike Rigby, quoted in The Freefoam Roofline Report, China continues full steam ahead and the Americans continue to guzzle fuel, while supply becomes restricted.
Synonyms: (to drink quickly, voraciously) swig, swill
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, uncountable) Drink; intoxicating liquor. Where squander'd away the tiresome minutes of your evening leisure over seal'd Winchesters of threepenny guzzle!
  2. (dated) A drinking bout; a debauch.
  3. (dated) An insatiable thing or person.
  4. (obsolete, British, provincial) A drain or ditch; a gutter; sometimes, a small stream. Also called guzzen.
    • 1598, , The Scourge of Villanie Google Books Means't thou that senseless, sensual epicure, / That sink of filth, that guzzle most impure?
    • 1623, W. Whately, Bride Bush, This is all one thing as if hee should goe about to jussle her into some filthy stinking guzzle or ditch.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, computing, slang) A hacker on early minicomputer
related terms:
  • fweep
gweilo {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: gwailo, kwailo etymology From an irregular romanization of Cantonese 鬼佬 〈guǐ lǎo〉, from 〈guǐ〉 + 〈lǎo〉
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, ethnic slur) A white person in China, (particularly) of men; a ‘foreign devil’.
    • 1977, John Le Carré, The Honourable Schoolboy, Folio Society 2010, p. 179: She had ruffled the bed and laid a frilly nightdress on the floor because so far as the block was concerned Phoebe was the half-kwailo bastard who whored with the fat foreign devil.
Some expatriates in Hong Kong now use gweilo to jokingly refer to themselves.
related terms:
  • laowai
gweipo Alternative forms: gwaipo, gwaipoh, gwaipor, gweipor etymology From Cantonese 鬼婆 〈guǐ pó〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) An (older) woman.
For the usage in Cantonese, see the usage notes at 鬼婆. Much like gweilo, gweipo has passed into the terminology of Caucasian residents of Hong Kong, losing its derogatory edge in the process. The distinction of it referring to an older rather than younger woman (as in Cantonese) is often not as pronounced in English usage.
coordinate terms:
  • gweilo
g-word Alternative forms: G-word
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (euphemistic) The word gay.
  2. (humorous) Any word beginning with g that is not normally taboo but is considered (often humorously) to be so in the given context.
gym pronunciation
  • /dʒɪm/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Short form of gymnasium.
  2. (weightlifting) A sports facility specialized for lifting weight and exercise.
    • 2008, Lou Schuler, "Foreward", in Nate Green, Built for Show, page xii Working out in commercial gyms, if anything, made my workouts worse instead of better.
  3. physical education class
Synonyms: (sports facility for exercise) fitness center, health club, sports club
related terms:
  • gymnasium
  • gymnast
  • gymnastics
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To go to the gym. On Wednesdays I hike; on Fridays I gym.
  • YGM
gym bunny
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial, bodybuilding) A person who spends a large amount of time working out at a gym and who may be obsess with improving his or her physique. Often said of a gay man, but also said of women and heterosexual men.
    • 2002, Dan Anderson, Sex Tips for Gay Guys‎, page 129 Unlike sex with a Leatherman or a Sugar Daddy, when you have sex with a Gym Bunny, you will probably have to keep reminding yourself that there are actually two people present... The GB spends just about all of his spare time sculpting his ever-more-fabulous body, and just about all of his spare income on ever-more-skimpy gym outfits.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • 2006, Tim Edwards, Cultures of masculinity‎, page 157 Thus the lithe and slightly feminised John Travolta of Saturday Night Fever is transformed into the pumping, grinding-body-obsessed gym bunny of Staying Alive.
related terms:
  • gym rat
gym candy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (bodybuilding, slang) Steroids or other drug taken to improve physical performance.
gym muscles etymology From gym + muscle.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) Large, aesthetic, well-developed muscle, especially ones that are believed to be overly large or impractical.
    • 2003, Elaine Viets, Shop till you Drop: a Dead-end Job Mystery‎, page 84 He was six feet tall and strong, but without the gnarled gym muscles Helen hated.
    • 2006, Alex Duval, Vampire Beach: Initiation‎, page 94 Sienna reached out, grabbed Jason's hand, and ran his fingers across her taut abs. Jason tried to look unimpressed. "Gym muscles," Tyler scoffed.
    • 2008, Elaine Viets, Murder With Reservations‎, page 144 Physical labor gave her muscles, but not sculpted gym muscles.
    • 2009, Grant McCrea, Drawing Dead‎, page 67 Sure, the sick Italian fuck had muscles on top of the muscles all over his chunky irritating self. But they were gym muscles. Bench-press-with- your-iPod muscles.
    • 2009, Mehmet Murat Somer, The Kiss Murder‎, page 138 He didn't have puffed-up gym muscles. His strapping body had a rippling stomach, ridged like a tray of baklava.
    • 2010, Alexander Irvine, Iron Man 2: The Junior Novel, page 109 …and he realized that, unlike a lot of big guys with gym muscles, the guard could take a punch.
gym rat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A person who spends an unusually large amount of time at a gym.
    • 1977, Newsweek 89 Three decades ago, the trappings of sports equipment in those rooms took a magnetic hold on "gym rat" McGuire.
    • 1989, , Drive: The Story of my Life‎, page 42 I was a real "gym rat." I'd go home and eat, then come back to the gym and play some more. I mean, I practically lived in that gym.
    • 1995, David Rabe, "A Primitive Heart" This gym rat dripping tattoos in a sweatshirt with the sleeves ripped off was brooding at the juke box, like it had just asked him a very difficult question that he was determined to answer.
    • 1998, , The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding, page 672 They wore suits, casual pants, and sports shirts and generally managed to look like solid citizens rather than gym rats.
    • 2010, Eric Velazquez, "Power Pairings", Reps! 17:84 For the average gym rat, Anthony recommends being wary of longer-than-necessary rest periods.
related terms:
  • gym bunny
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, Australia, informal) abbreviation of gynecologist
  2. (bodybuilding, slang) gynecomastia
gynotician etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, politics, pejorative) A politician viewed as interfering with women's private medical decisions by lobbying for restrictions on abortion and/or contraception.
    • 2013, Karen Marotta, "Ohio gynoticians" [letter to the editor], Milford-Miami Advertiser, 17 July 2013, page A10: While we are left to decide in private what constitutes the end of life, the gynoticians of our state have decided that a heartbeat alone constitutes its beginning.
    • 2014, Katherine Gwynn, "Abortion access" [letter to the editor]", Lawrence Journal-World, 25 January 2014, page 9A: Millenials believe Kansas "gynoticians" like Rep. Allan Rothlisberg should stop playing doctor when it comes to individuals' personal, private decisions.
    • 2015, Brian Yeh, "Bill would limit women’s say in reproduction" [letter to the editor], The Columbus Dispatch, 28 February 2015: Ohio’s self-styled “gynoticians” (politicians) are at it once again. In their neverending quest to chip away at a woman’s right to determine her own reproductive destiny, House Republicans have introduced House Bill 69 to unconstitutionally restrict access to a legal, safe and vital medical procedure in this state.
gyp pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Probably from the term gypsy, due to a stereotype of the Roma as swindlers. Compare jew, from Jew, and welsh, from Welsh.{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary}} Alternative forms: gip, jip (eye dialect spellings)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, sometimes, offensive) A cheat or swindle; a rip-off. Why do we have to buy this new edition of the textbook when there’s almost no difference between it and the previous one? What a gyp!
Because this term is often considered to derive from the problematic exonymic term Gypsy and represent a racist stereotype of the Romani, it may be offensive. See the usage note about gypsy.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (pejorative, sometimes, offensive) To cheat or swindle someone of something inappropriate. The cab driver gypped me out of ten bucks by taking the longer route. You better watch out; they'll try to gyp you if you don't know what you're doing.
See the notes about the noun, above.
etymology 2 Perhaps the same as Etymology 1.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Cambridge and Durham, England) A college servant.
  2. (Cambridge and Durham, England) The room in which such college servants work.
  3. (Cambridge and Durham, England) A small kitchen for use by college students.
etymology 3 Shortening.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Gypsophila.
etymology 4 Perhaps from gee up.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Pain or discomfort. My back's giving me gyp.
gyppy Alternative forms: gippy etymology gypsy + y
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, derogatory, ethnic slur) A gypsy.
gypsie's kiss
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Cockney rhyming slang, vulgar) misspelling of gypsy's kiss
Gypsy etymology From Middle English gipcyan (gyptian), from Old French gyptien. Short for Egyptian, from Latin aegyptius, because when they first appeared in England in the sixteenth century they were wrongly believed to have come from Egypt. The Albanian term Evgit, Greek γύφτος 〈gýphtos〉 and Spanish gitano have the same origin. The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Rom (words related to the Romani people's autonyms) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈd͡ʒɪ
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, offensive) A member of the Romani people, or one of it sub-groups (Roma, Sinti, Romanichal, etc).
  2. A member of other nomadic peoples, not only of the Romani people; a traveller. alternative spelling of gypsy
An exonym (external name) based on the mistaken belief that the Romani people came from Egypt, the term Gypsy is loaded with negative connotations.'''1994''', Jean-Pierre Liégeois, ''Roma, Gypsies, Travellers'''''1999''', Arthur Kean Spears, ''Race and ideology: language, symbolism, and popular culture'' Some dictionaries therefore either recommend avoiding use of the term gypsy entirely, or give it a negative or warning label.{{quote-book|editor=Tom Dalzell|title=The new Partridge dictionary of slang and unconventional English|year=2007|publisher=Routledge|location=London [u.a.]|isbn=0415259371|page=943|edition=reprint}}{{quote-book|title=Merriam-Webster's pocket guide to English usage|year=1998|publisher=Merriam-Webster|location=Springfield, MA|isbn=0877795142|page=178}}{{quote-book|author=Bryan A. Garner|title=Garner's modern American usage|year=2009|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=New York|isbn=0195382757|page=405|edition=3rd edition}}{{quote-book|author=[by] H.E. Wedeck with the assistance of Wade Baskin|title=Dictionary of gypsy life and lore|publisher=Philosophical Library|location=New York|isbn=0806529857|year=1973}}{{quote-book|first=Bryan A. Garner|title=A dictionary of modern legal usage|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=New York|isbn=0195384202|page=400|edition=3rd edition}}{{quote-book|editor=Guido Bolaffi|title=Dictionary of race, ethnicity and culture|year=2002|publisher=Sage|location=London|isbn=0761969004|page=291|edition=1. publ., [Nachdr.].}} Careful speakers and most international organizations typically use Romani, Roma{{,}} or Rom as designations for the people, although narrowly speaking, the last two designate a subgroup. Rrom and Rroma (spellings which represent a trilled ‘r’) also find occasional use. However, Gypsy is more common in informal speech than Romani, and is the term used by some British laws and court decisions, such as the Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 and the 1989 decision in the case of the Commission for Racial Equality v Dutton. This is because its offensiveness is not always understood by non-Romani, whose use of it is often not intended to cause offense. Further, some Romani organizations use "Gypsy" as a self-designation. Synonyms: (self-designations) Romani, Rom, Roma, Sinti, Romanichal, (sometimes offensive) zigeuner, tzigane
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (rare, sometimes, offensive) The language Romani.
See the notes about the noun, above.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (sometimes, offensive) Of or belonging to the Romani people or one of it sub-groups (Roma, Sinti, Romanichel, etc).
See the notes about the noun, above.
gypsy Alternative forms: gipsy, gipsey (archaic), gypsey, gypsie (archaic) etymology See Gypsy. The generic usage that refers to any itinerant person who is suspected of dishonest practices derives from traditional racist stereotypes of the Romani people. Compare bohemian, from Bohemia. pronunciation
  • /ˈd͡ʒɪ
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (sometimes, offensive) alternative form of Gypsy: a member of the Romani people.
  2. (offensive) An itinerant person or any person suspected of making a living from dishonest practices or theft; a member of a nomadic people, not necessarily Romani; a carny.
    • : Like a right gypsy, hath, at fast and loose, Beguiled me to the very heart of loss.
    • : I will look on your treasures, gypsy. Is this understood?
See the usage note about Gypsy.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. alternative form of Gypsy: of or belonging to the Romani people or one of it sub-groups (Roma, Sinti, Romanichel, etc).
  2. (offensive) Of or having the qualities of an itinerant person or group with qualities traditionally ascribed to Romani people; making a living from dishonest practices or theft etc. If anyone questions them, they'll fold up faster than a gypsy roofing company.
See the notes about Gypsy.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To roam around the country like a gypsy.
gypsy's kiss
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Cockney rhyming slang, vulgar) piss
gypsy cab {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, US, sometimes, offensive) An unlicensed taxi, especially in the North East of the United States.
Because it derives from a racist stereotype of the Romani, and uses the problematic exonymic term Gypsy, this term may be offensive to the Romani. See the usage note about gypsy.
gypsyism Alternative forms: gipsyism etymology gypsy + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The state of being a gypsy.
  2. (offensive, ethnic slur) The practices or habits ascribed to gypsies, such as deception, cheat{{,}} and flattery.
See the notes about gypsy and Gypsy.
gyrene {{wikipedia}} etymology {{rfe}} Possibly {{blend}}?
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A member of the United States Marine Corps.
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • /eɪtʃ/
  • (non-standard) /heɪtʃ/
  • {{audio}}
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
    • {{RQ:Orwell Animal Farm}} On several occasions, indeed, he did learn E, F, G, H, but by the time he knew them, it was always discovered that he had forgotten A, B, C, and D.
number: {{en-number}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
etymology 2
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A street term for heroin.
  2. (baseball) Hits, the number of hits by a given batter in a given season.
  3. (British) A grade of pencil with lead that makes lighter marks than a pencil grade HB but darker marks than a pencil of grade 2H; a pencil with hard lead.
  4. Hentai.
  5. (journalism) Half-year. We expect the amendment to enter into force in H2 2013.
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • (letter name) /eɪtʃ/
  • (letter name) (non-standard) /heɪtʃ/ (in and )
  • {{audio}}
  • (phoneme) /h/, silent
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
number: {{en-number}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
etymology 2
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (science) abbreviation for hour (particularly when used as a (non-SI) unit of time alongside International System of Units (SI) units)
    • 1908, Francis Ernest Lloyd, The Physiology of Stomata (Carnegie Institution of Washington), page 83: Another instance: 2h28m p. m., 10 micra; 3h08m p. m., 0 micra; irrigated with water: 3h09m p. m., 4 micra.
  2. (baseball) the statistic reporting the number of hits by a player
  3. (slang) heroin
  4. (computing) hexadecimal (following a number)
    • 1994, Jan Axelson, The microcontroller idea book (page 47) The commands assume that the NV memory is addressed beginning at 8000h in external data memory.
  • Η (Greek eta)
  • Н (Cyrillic en)
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) hello
h4x0r Alternative forms: haxor, haxxor, haxx0r
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet, slang, leet) alternative form of hacker
  • Frequently refers to script kiddie rather than experienced or talented hackers.
  • Usually used as an ironic insult for script kiddies.
related terms:
  • cracker
ha'p'orth Alternative forms: ha’porth etymology Abbreviation of halfpennyworth. pronunciation
  • /ˈheɪpəθ/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British) halfpennyworth
    • 1729, Jonathan Swift, A Pastoral Dialogue, written after the News of the King’s Death At an old stubborn Root I chanc’d to tug,When the Dean threw me this Tobacco-plug:A longer ha’p’orth never did I see;This, dearest Sheelah, thou shalt share with me.
    • 1838, , ‘Mighty fine certainly,’ said Ralph, with great testiness. ‘When I first went to business, ma’am, I took a penny loaf and a ha’porth of milk for my breakfast as I walked to the city every morning; what do you say to that, ma’am? Breakfast! Bah!’
    • circa 1880, William Makepeace Thackeray, Roundabout Papers You rascal thief! it is not merely three-ha’p’orth of sooty fruit you rob me of, it is my peace of mind.
    • 1887, C. Stansfeld-Hicks, Yachts, Boats and Canoes A well-built and handsome boat is worth varnishing, and it would be a pity to “spoil the ship for a ha’p’orth of tar”.
    • 1997, H. W. Fowler, Modern English Usage Halfpennyworth is best spelt and pronounced ha’p’orth.
    • 2003, Anton Chekhov, Ward No. 6 It’s very simple. Not because our people are ignorant and ungrateful, as you always explained it to yourself, but because in all your fads, if you’ll excuse the word, there wasn’t a ha’p’orth of love and kindness!
  2. (British slang, plural: “ha’p’orths”) A foolish person.
    • 2000, Diary (16 Feb 2000) Frank Dobson (or possibly not) in The Guardian read at Mrs Dobson shouted: “Put on your anorak, Frank, you daft ha’p’orth, the maroon one I fetched you for your 60th, or you’ll catch your death.”
  • Use in the colloquial British sense of “a foolish person” is usually modified with an adjective such as daft or silly.
ha'porth etymology Northern British English, from British English half-penny’s worth, often used in the phrase “daft ha’porth”. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈhæʰpɔːθ/, /ˈ(h)eɪ.pəθ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British) Halfpennyworth.
  2. (British, slang) A silly or foolish person.
  3. (British, slang) A thing of little value.
háček Alternative forms: haček (attested since 1956), hacek (1959), hachek (1969), (rare:) haċek (1967), hatcheck (1981), hatschek (1983), hatchek (1988), hacheck (1990), hac̬ek (1992), haczek (1995), hácek (1997), haĉek (2002), haceck (2003) etymology First attested in 1951; from the Czech háček, the diminutive of hák (from Middle High German hāken, from Old High German hāko, from Proto-Germanic *hakô, from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng-) + the diminutive suffix -ek. Cognate with and formed like English hooklet and German Häkchen. Also cognate with Old English haca and modern English hake (more information below). pronunciation
  • /ˈhɑːtʃɛk/, {{enPR}}
    • (Estuary English), [ˈhɑːtʃɛk]
    • (GenAm), [ˈhɑtʃɛk]
    • (New York), [ˈhɑətʃɛk]
    • (Boston), [ˈhaːtʃɛk]
    • (Australia), [ˈhaːtʃek]
    • (New Zealand), [ˈhɐːtʃek]
    • (South Africa) {{enPR}}, [ˈɦɑːtʃɛk]
  • (RP) /ˈhætʃɛk/, {{enPR}}
    • (RP), [ˈhætʃɛk]
    • (Geordie), [ˈhatʃɛk]
  • (Czech) [ˈɦaːtʃɛk], {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (orthography and typography) A caron; a diacritical mark (ˇ) usually resembling an inverted circumflex, but in the cases of ď, Ľ, ľ, and ť resembling a prime (〈′〉) instead.
    • 1948, Bohumil Emil Mikula, Progressive Czech (Bohemian), page 6: The caret (ˇ), háček, is used over the following consonants: c, d, n, t, r, s, and z to indicate the soft sound.
    • 1951, , Notes on Gurage Grammar, page 5: Linguistic forms had to be set in ordinary roman type and the capital C of Cäxa had to be left without a háček.
    • 1956, Morris Halle (editor), For Roman Jakobson, page 332: Good Teutonic Kitsch looks rather forlorn and out of place wearing a Bohemian háček over its shrunken hind quarters. But the high traditions of scholarship must be maintained, and on these pages Meester Kitsch will masquerade as Mr. Kič.
    • 1966, Charles Ernest Bazell et al. (editors), In Memory of , page 205: In the system used here and elsewhere in this article for Bantu tone, low syllables are unmarked, high syllables have an acute accent, and rising syllables a haček respectively; thus a, á, ǎ.
    • 1991, Peter Hugh Reed, American Record Guide LIV:ii, page 69 The printer had no hatchek — the flattened “v” that appears over letters in Czech — to put over Dvořak’s R. So somebody laboriously inked in all the hatcheks.
    • 2002, Torbjörn Lundmark, Quirky , page 34 háček used to signify the third tone ( — ‘five’)
    • 2005, Stavroula Varella, Language Contact and the Lexicon in the History of Cypriot Greek, page 46: Another orthographic practice … was developed … in the twentieth century: this is the adoption of the hacek for the representation of the Cypriot postalveolar fricatives and affricates, which are otherwise not distinguished by the normal characters of the Greek alphabet alone. It was not until very recently, therefore, that the spellings <Grek>, <Grek>, <Grek> and <Grek>, for [ʃ], [tʃ], [ʒ] and [dʒ] respectively, became available.
    • 2006, Mary Betik Trojacek, Beyond Ellis Island, page 17: My father always wrote Bětik with a little “v” called haĉek, above the “e”; Marušaks placed the haĉek above the “s”.
    • For more examples of the usage of this term see , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and .
Synonyms: (háček diacritic) caret (non-standard), caron, chevron (informal), čiriklo (when used in Romani), clicka‎ 〈clicka‎〉 (rare), hat (non-standard, rare), hook (rare), inverted caret (informal), inverted circumflex (informal), inverted hat (non-standard), mäkčeň (when used in Slovak), palatal hook (rare, when it takes the form of a prime), strešica (when used in Slovene), wedge (US), wing (informal, rare)
coordinate terms:
  • (diacritics used in Latin-derived scripts) acute accent (above (´), below (ˏ), double acute accent (˝)), apostrophe (ʼ), breve (above (˘), below ( ̮)), bridge ( ̪), candrabindu ( ̐), cedilla (¸), circumflex (above (ˆ), below ( ̭)), comma (above right ( ̕), below ( ̦), reversed comma (ʽ), turned comma (ʻ)), diaeresis (above (¨), below ( ̤)), dot (overdot (˙), underdot ( ̣)), grave accent (above (`), below (ˎ), double grave accent ( ̏)), háček (above (ˇ), below ( ̬)), half ring (left (ʿ), right (ʾ)), hook (above ( ̉), palatal hook ( ̡), retroflex hook ( ̢), rhotic hook (˞)), horn ( ̛), inverted breve (above ( ̑), below ( ̯), double inverted breve ( ͡ )), inverted bridge ( ̺), inverted double arch ( ̫), left angle ( ̚), low line (single ( ̲), double ( ̳)), macron (above (¯), below (ˍ)), minus (˗), ogonek (˛), overline (single (‾), double ( ̿)), plus (˖), ring (above (˚), below ( ̥)), seagull ( ̼), solidus (long ( ̸), short ( ̷)), square ( ̻), stroke (long ( ̶), short ( ̵)), tack (down (˕), left ( ̘), right ( ̙), up (˔)), tilde (above (˜), below ( ̰), double tilde ( ͠ ), middle / overlay ( ̴), vertical tilde ( ̾)), umlaut (¨), vertical line (above (ˈ), below (ˌ), double ( ̎)), x (ˣ)
  • (Czech diacritics) čárka (´), háček (ˇ), kroužek (˚), tečka (˙)
  • Cheka, hecka
háček language Alternative forms: See háček + language.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Any one of the four Slavic languages (viz. Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, and Slovene) and two Baltic languages (viz. Latvian and Lithuanian) that use the háček (ˇ) for the letters Č, Š, and Ž (or more, depending on the language) as part of their standard orthography.
hack pronunciation
  • /hæk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Old English tohaccian
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To chop or cut down in a rough manner. {{defdate}} They hacked the brush down and made their way through the jungle.
    • 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 6 Among other things he found a sharp hunting knife, on the keen blade of which he immediately proceeded to cut his finger. Undaunted he continued his experiments, finding that he could hack and hew splinters of wood from the table and chairs with this new toy.
  2. (intransitive) To cough noisily. {{defdate}} This cold is awful. I can't stop hacking.
  3. To withstand or put up with a difficult situation. {{defdate}} Can you hack it out here with no electricity or running water?
  4. (transitive, slang, computing) To hack into; to gain unauthorized access to (a computer system, e.g., a website, or network) by manipulating code; to crack.
  5. (transitive, slang, computing) By extension, to gain unauthorised access to a computer or online account belonging to (a person or organisation). When I logged into the social network, I discovered I'd been hacked.
  6. (computing) To accomplish a difficult programming task. He can hack like no one else and make the program work as expected.
  7. (computing) To make a quick code change to patch a computer program, often one that, while being effective, is inelegant or makes the program harder to maintain. I hacked in a fix for this bug, but we'll still have to do a real fix later.
  8. (transitive, colloquial, by extension) To apply a trick, shortcut, skill, or novelty method to something to increase productivity, efficiency or ease. I read up on dating tips so I can hack my sex life.
  9. (computing, slang, transitive) To work with on an intimately technical level. I'm currently hacking distributed garbage collection.
  10. (ice hockey) To strike an opponent's leg with one's hockey stick. He's going to the penalty box after hacking the defender in front of the goal.
  11. (ice hockey) To make a flailing attempt to hit the puck with a hockey stick. There's a scramble in front of the net as the forwards are hacking at the bouncing puck.
  12. (baseball) To swing at a pitched ball. He went to the batter's box hacking.
  13. (football) To kick (a player) on the shin.
  14. To strike in a frantic movement.
    • {{quote-news }}
Synonyms: (gain unauthorized access) crack, frob, tweak
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A tool for chopping. {{defdate}}
  2. A hacking blow. {{defdate}}
  3. A gouge or notch made by such a blow. {{rfquotek}}
  4. A dry cough.
  5. A hacking; a catch in speaking; a short, broken cough. {{rfquotek}}
  6. (figuratively) A try, an attempt. {{defdate}}
  7. (curling) The foothold traditionally cut into the ice from which the person who throws the rock pushes off for delivery.
  8. (obsolete) A mattock or a miner's pick.
  9. (computing, slang) An illegal attempt to gain access to a computer network.
  10. (computing) An interesting technical achievement, particularly in computer programming.
  11. (computing) A small code change meant to patch a problem as quickly as possible.
  12. (computing) An expedient, temporary solution, meant to be replaced with a more elegant solution at a later date.
  13. (colloquial) A trick, shortcut, skill, or novelty method to increase productivity, efficiency or ease. Putting your phone in a sandwich bag when you go to the beach is such a great hack.
  14. (slang, military) Time check.
  15. (baseball) A swing of the bat at a pitched ball by the batter. He took a few hacks, but the pitcher finally struck him out.
  16. A kick on the shin in football. {{rfquotek}}
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (access attempt) crack, (expedient, temporary solution) band-aid, contrivance, improvision, improvisation, kludge, makeshift, quick fix, patch
related terms:
  • marginal hacks
etymology 2 Variations of hatch, heck.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (falconry) A board which the falcon's food is placed on; used by extension for the state of partial freedom in which they are kept before being trained.
  2. A food-rack for cattle.
  3. A rack used to dry something, such as bricks, fish, or cheese.
  4. A grating in a mill race.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To lay (bricks) on a rack to dry.
  2. (falconry) To keep (young hawks) in a state of partial freedom, before they are trained.
etymology 3 Abbreviation of hackney, probably from place name Hackney
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) An ordinary saddle horse, especially one which has been let out for hire and is old and tired. {{defdate}}
  2. A person, often a journalist, hired to do routine work. (newspaper hack) {{defdate}}
    • I got by on hack work for years before I finally published my novel.
  3. (pejorative) Someone who is available for hire; hireling, mercenary.
  4. (slang) A taxicab (hackney cab) driver.
  5. A coach or carriage let for hire; particularly, a coach with two seats inside facing each other; a hackney coach.
    • Alexander Pope On horse, on foot, in hacks and gilded chariots.
  6. (pejorative) An untalented writer.
    • Dason is nothing but a two-bit hack.
    • He's nothing but the typical hack writer.
  7. (pejorative) One who is professionally successful despite producing mediocre work. (Usually applied to persons in a creative field.)
  8. (pejorative) A talented writer-for-hire, paid to put others' thoughts into felicitous language.
  9. (politics) A political agitator. (slightly derogatory)
  10. (obsolete) A bookmaker who hires himself out for any sort of literary work; an overworked man; a drudge.
    • Goldsmith Here lies poor Ned Purdon, from misery freed, / Who long was a bookseller's hack.
  11. (obsolete) A procuress.
Synonyms: (A saddle horse which is old and tired) nag
coordinate terms:
  • (worthless horse) bum
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (dated) To make common or cliched; to vulgarise.
  2. To ride a horse at a regular pace; to ride on a road (as opposed to riding cross-country etc.).
  3. (obsolete) To be exposed or offered or to common use for hire; to turn prostitute. {{rfquotek}}
  4. (obsolete) To live the life of a drudge or hack. {{rfquotek}}
  5. To use as a hack; to let out for hire.
  6. To use frequently and indiscriminately, so as to render trite and commonplace.
    • J. H. Newman The word "remarkable" has been so hacked of late.
etymology 4 From hackysack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small ball usually made of woven cotton or suede and filled with rice, sand or some other filler, for use in hackeysack.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To play hackeysack.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (gaming, informal) Having a focus on violent combat rather than strategy.
  2. Shallowly devoted to the gory details (of a book or a writer)
    • 2007, , 00:22:20 (speaking to a writer about his works) -- "In fact, you surprised me" -- "Oh" -- "You are not the hack-and-slash I expected".
hackathon etymology hack + athon
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (informal, neologism) An event where programmer meet for collaborative computer programming.
hackerish etymology hacker + ish pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of a hacker (technically skilled computer enthusiast).
    • 1985, Byte magazine (volume 10) The hackerish look of dot-matrix fonts on screens and printers has partially prevented full acceptance of computers as tools for a literate public.
    • 1990, Dr. Dobb's journal of software tools for the professional programmer‎ Jones is an engineer, and presented the engineering approach as the more hackerish, the more ad hoc of the two: Solve the problem no matter what.
    • 2009, Damien Stolarz, David Jurick, Adam Stolarz, William Hurley, iPhone Hacks: Pushing the iPhone and iPod Touch Beyond Their Limits There is a rich, hackerish tradition in the computer world of making any new computer or video game system emulate those that came before it.
    • 2013, Joanna Biggs, "Tell me everything", London Review of Books, vol. 35, no. 7: Facebook’s unencumbered, efficient, agile, hackerish style is to make everything seem ‘easy’ – and when you need, in one of Zuckerberg’s favourite phrases, to ‘move fast and break things’, you just shrug.
  2. (computing, informal) Resembling or characteristic of a hacker (malicious user who breaks into computer systems).
    • 1995, Lance Rose, NetLaw: your rights in the online world‎ ...requires users to disclose new and useful information on computer and network security or other hackerish subjects to be admitted to the privileged areas of the system.
    • 2006, Wally Wang, Steal this computer book 4.0: what they won't tell you about the Internet To find a hacker chat room, look for rooms with names like #2600, #phreak, #carding, #cracks, #anarchy, or any other phrase that sounds hackerish.
etymology 1 Hindi
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A two-wheeled cart used in Asia.
etymology 2 hack + ery, in sense 1 related to hack.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, chiefly, pejorative) Advocacy of a position when motivated by political allegiance, public relations interests, or for other reasons considered crass compared to personal conviction.
  2. (slang, computing) The use of hack (ingenious but inelegant techniques).
    • 2012, Seymour Bosworth, ‎M. E. Kabay, ‎Eric Whyne, Computer Security Handbook (page 57) All without any of the subterfuge and hackery required to do it with Java.
Hackintosh etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, informal) A computer other than a Macintosh that has been configure to run the Macintosh operating system.

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