The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


Internets {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) The internet
    • 2007, Garrett M. Graff, The First Campaign, page 281 Indeed, coming on the heels of a party leader who speaks of "the Internets" and "the Google," it's a disturbing trend that GOP leaders seem so disconnected from the technologies that are changing the way most Americans live
    • 2012, various, English Wikipedia, Internets, link On his show The Colbert Report, comedian Stephen Colbert consistently refers to "the Internet" as "the Internets".
The plural is intentionally used as a singular idiomatically.
internets Alternative forms: Internets
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of internet
  2. (humorous) The Internet. I can't find this word in my print dictionary, let me go look it up on the internets.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) internetwork; the connection of more than one network
verb: {{head}}
  1. (computing, informal) surf the Internet
related terms:
  • internetted
interpose {{was wotd}} etymology From Middle French interposer, modification (influenced by poser to put, place), from Latin interpōnō, from inter + pōnō. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˌɪn.təˈpəʊz/
  • (US) /ˌɪn.tɚˈpoʊz/
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To insert something (or oneself) between other things. to interpose a screen between the eye and the light
    • Cowper Mountains interposed / Make enemies of nations.
    • Shakespeare What watchful cares do interpose themselves / Betwixt your eyes and night?
  2. (transitive) To interrupt a conversation by introducing a different subject or making a comment. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (intransitive) To be inserted between parts or things; to come between.
    • Cowper long hid by interposing hill or wood.
  4. (intransitive) To intervene in a dispute, or in a conversation.
Synonyms: (To insert something (or oneself) between other things) insert, (To interrupt a conversation by introducing a different subject or making a comment) interrupt
  • entropies
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang or, humorous) internet
Intertubes etymology {{blend}}. Inspired by the famous "" analogy used on June 28, 2006 by then United States Senator to describe the Internet.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}} {{g}}
  1. (chiefly, Internet slang, humorous) The Internet.
    • 2007, David Gewirtz, Where have all the emails gone? (citing a March 30, 2007 blog post on Corrente Wire), Zatz, p. 95: Nameserver administrators also provide email forwarding, which is the equivalent of call-forwarding on the Intertubes.
    • 2008, January, Rik Myslewski, "Deep Tech - Multicore Management", Mac Life, vol. 2, issue 1, p. 17: (If you missed my musings, you can find them on the Intertubes here [link removed])
    • 2009, Bob & Jenna Torres, Vegan Freak: Being Vegan in a Non-Vegan World, 2nd ed., PM Press, p. 52: Go on out to the wilds of the Intertubes and have a look: there are approximately 8,234,58721 vegan food blogs …
intertwingle etymology From intertwingularity, probably modelled on intertwine and intermingle.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, informal, rare) To interconnect or interrelate in a deep and complex way.
interweb Alternative forms: intarweb, interwebs, interwebz etymology {{blend}}. The first use of this phrase is disputed.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Internet, slang, humorous) The Internet. Look, I'm on teh interweb!
    • 1997, Christian Schenck, Christine Schopf, Cyberarts, ISBN 3211829989, Page 70 "Web Hopper" is an interweb site that enables you to visualize your Web hopping and that of other Net users.
    • 2007 March 26, Phil Libin, Jon Udell (interviewer), “Phil Libin”, Jon Udell's Interviews With Innovators, IT Conversations, GigaVox Media Basically anyone who wants to get a license for nefarious purposes, nefarious or at the very least...unsactioned, they now get to shop around.... With the interwebs, it's gonna be pretty easy to tell which states...are the best shopping locations.... This isn't secret information [that] no one's gonna ever find out.
  • Typically used in a jocular or sarcastic manner by more experienced Internet users, especially as a mockery of the less experienced when used with teh.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (humorous, slang) alternative form of interwebs or plural of interweb
intestinal fortitude
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) guts courage
intestine {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ɪnˈtɛstɪn/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Latin intestīnum, neuter of intestīnus, as Etymology 2, below.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy, often pluralized) The alimentary canal of an animal through which food passes after having passed all stomach.
  2. One of certain subdivision of this part of the alimentary canal, such as the small or large intestine in human beings.
Synonyms: bowel, gut, tharm
etymology 2 From Latin intestīnus, from intus.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Domestic; taking place within a given country or region.
    • 1615, Ralph Hamor, A True Discourse of the Present State of Virginia, Richmond 1957, p.2: It being true that now after fiue yeeres intestine warre with the reuengefull implacable Indians, a firme peace (not againe easily to be broken) hath bin lately concluded{{nb...}}.
    • 1776, Edward Gibbon, The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, ch.1, Yet the success of Trajan, however transient, was rapid and specious. The degenerate Parthians, broken by intestine discord, fled before his arms.
  2. (obsolete) Internal.
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, I.41: When you have alleaged all the reasons you can, and beleeved all to disavow and reject her, she produceth, contrarie to your discourses, so intestine inclination, that you have small hold against her.
    • Milton Hoping here to end / Intestine war in heaven, the arch foe subdued.
    • Hume an intestine struggle…between authority and liberty
  3. (obsolete, rare) Depending upon the internal constitution of a body or entity; subjective.
    • Cudworth Everything labours under an intestine necessity.
  4. (obsolete, rare) Shut up; enclosed. {{rfquotek}}
intexticated etymology {{blend}}.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, rare, neologism) Distracted by text messaging; said of someone driving poorly due to said distraction.
    • 2008 March 16, Dave Caldwell, “With Text-Messaging Ban While Driving, Legislators Play Gizmo Catch-Up”, in : almost paid a price for, as the saying goes, driving while “intexticated.” About a year ago, he said, he almost got into a collision as he was text-messaging while driving.
    • 2009 February 25, "The Citizen" (username), "Re: {OP-ED} The punishment for DUI is way too harsh", in, Usenet: What about driving while intexticated?
in the buff
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) Nude. She was in the buff on the beach.
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) While nude. The streaker ran across the playing field in the buff.
in the closet pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ɪn ðə ˈklɑzɪt/
  • (RP) /ɪn ðə ˈklɒzɪt/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) Not open about one's homosexuality or bisexuality.
  2. (colloquial) By extension, not open about some feature of one's life; often construed with about. She's in the closet about her gambling addiction. She's in the gambling-addiction closet.
Synonyms: closeted
related terms:
  • closet
  • closeted
  • out of the closet, out
  • come out of the closet, come out
in the face of
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) despite, against, contrary to
  2. (idiomatic, archaic or legal) on the face of
in the first place
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (sequence, idiomatic) to begin with; earlier; first; at the start The question is not whether I still enjoy the job, when I never enjoyed it in the first place. In the first place, let's get the basics settled.
in the flesh
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Present in a physical body; in person.
    • {{quote-news}}
in the nip pronunciation
  • (IE) /ˈɪn.ðə.nɪp"
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (Ireland, UK, idiomatic, informal) Nude. She was in the nip on the beach.
adverb: {{head}}
  1. (Ireland, UK, idiomatic, informal) While nude. The streaker ran across the playing field in the nip.
in the nuddy
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (British, childish) naked or nude
in the pudding club etymology
  • Possibly derived from the round shape of a pregnant abdomen, which can be said to resemble the rounded shape of a traditional boiled pudding.
  • An alternative suggestion is an association with dialectal English pod, Low German puddig, Westphalian Puddek.
prepositional phrase: {{en-PP}}
  1. (UK, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, colloquial, slang) Pregnant.
  • Possibly less offensive to pregnant women than other terms such as up the duff.
Synonyms: See
in the refrigerator etymology Coined by sportscaster
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (basketball, slang) For the outcome of the game to be beyond a doubt, despite the fact that time is remaining before the final buzzer.
    • {{quote}}
in the straw
prepositional phrase: {{en-prep phrase}}
  1. (slang, archaic) Confined to bed because of pregnancy.
in three days
adverb: {{head}}
  1. {{translation only}}
in thunderation
phrase: in thunderation
  1. (US, colloquial) In any set of circumstances whatsoever. How in thunderation could anyone anticipate a result like this? Where in thunderation have you been? Why in thunderation should I believe anything you say? There is no way in thunderation that I'm going to that wedding.
An intensifier with similar usage to the idioms "in the world" or "in hell." Often used in interrogative sentences and preceded by "who," "what," "where," "when," "how," or "why."
into {{wikipedia}} etymology Old English intō, equivalent to in + to. pronunciation
  • (stressed)
    • (UK) /ˈɪn.tuː/
    • (US) /ˈɪn.tu/
  • (unstressed) /ˈɪn.tə/
  • (unstressed) /ˈɪn.tʊ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
preposition: {{en-prep}}
  1. Going inside (of).
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 1 , “He used to drop into my chambers once in a while to smoke, and was first-rate company. When I gave a dinner there was generally a cover laid for him. I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me.”
    • {{quote-news}}
    exampleMary danced into the house.
  2. Going to a geographic region. examplewe left the house and walked into the street;  the plane flew into the open air
  3. Against, especially with force or violence. exampleThe car crashed into the tree;  I wasn't careful, and walked into a wall
  4. Producing, becoming.
    • 2002, Matt Cyr, Something to Teach Me: Journal of an American in the Mountains of Haiti, Educa Vision, Inc., ISBN 1584321385, {{gbooks}}: His English is still in its beginning stages, like my Creole, but he was able to translate some Creole songs that he's written into English—not the best English, but English nonetheless.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleI carved the piece of driftwood into a sculpture of a whale.   Right before our eyes, Jake turned into a wolf!
  5. After the start of.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 13 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , ““[…] They talk of you as if you were Croesus—and I expect the beggars sponge on you unconscionably.” And Vickers launched forth into a tirade very different from his platform utterances. He spoke with extreme contempt of the dense stupidity exhibited on all occasions by the working classes.”
    exampleAbout 20 minutes into the flight, the pilot reported a fire on board.
  6. (colloquial) Intensely interested in or attracted to. exampleshe's really into Shakespeare right now;  I'm so into you!
  7. (mathematics) Taking distinct arguments to distinct values. exampleThe exponential function maps the set of real numbers into itself.
  8. (British, archaic, India, mathematics) Expressing the operation of multiplication.{{R:OED Online}} exampleFive into three is fifteen.
  9. (mathematics) Expressing the operation of division, with the denominator given first. Usually with "goes". exampleThree into two won't go. example24 goes into 48 how many times?
  10. Investigating the subject. exampleCall for research into pesticides blamed for vanishing bees.
related terms:
  • in
  • inside
  • onto
  • to
  • {{rank}}
  • Toni
into the bargain
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) along with, additionally, as well
    • Charles Dickens That same evening, the gentleman in the white waistcoat most positively and decidedly affirmed, not only that Oliver would be hung, but that he would be drawn and quartered into the bargain.
    • 1870, Blackwood's Magazine He was roofless, dinnerless, breakfastless, supperless, penniless, friendless, all at once; and brandyless into the bargain.
intro etymology Abbreviated from introduction, from Latin, ultimately a compound from intrō – the abbreviation removes the second part of the compound, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁énteros 〈*h₁énteros〉. The demoscene sense comes from the fact that they were originally prepended to pirated copies of computer games.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Short form of introduction.
  2. (demoscene) A small demo produced to promote one's demogroup or for a competition.
    • 1999, "brainpower / digital artists", Win32 demos (on newsgroup If the rules specify that the DLLs' size will be added to the 64K limit, there's not a lot of space to code an intro.
    • 2005, Tamás Polgár, Freax: the brief history of the demoscene: Volume 1 Games, demos, intros. They were the same, this was the scene. The trend was that you cracked and made demos and intros.
  • outro
  • (small audiovisual demo) 4ktro, cracktro, invitro
  • nitro, trion
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal, transitive) To introduce.
intrude etymology From Latin intrudere, from in- + trudere.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To thrust oneself in; to come or enter without invitation, permission, or welcome; to encroach; to trespass. to intrude on families at unseasonable hours; to intrude on the lands of another
    • I. Watts Some thoughts rise and intrude upon us, while we shun them; others fly from us, when we would hold them.
  • untried
etymology 1 in + valid pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɪnˈvæl.ɪd/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Not valid; not true, correct, acceptable or appropriate. Your argument is invalid because it uses circular reasoning. This invalid contract cannot be legally enforced.
Synonyms: nonvalid
  • valid
etymology 2 From Middle French invalide, from Latin invalidus, from in- + validus pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈɪn.və.lɪd/
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, sometimes, offensive) Any person with a disability or illness.
  2. (dated, sometimes, offensive) A person who is confined to home or bed because of illness, disability or injury; one who is too sick or weak to care for themselves.
  3. (archaic) A disabled member of the armed forces; one unfit for active duty due to injury.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Intended for use by an invalid.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (British) To exempt from duty because of injury or ill health. He was invalided home after the car crash.
inveigh etymology From Latin invehō, from in- + vehō. Compare vehicle, invective. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪnˈveɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, with against, formerly also with on, at, upon) To complain loudly, to give voice to one's censure or criticism {{defdate}}
    • 1860, William Cullen Bryant, letter, 14 Sep 1860: I saw Mr. Cairns yesterday. He inveighed at great length at what he called Mr. Willis's neglect of his children, saying he had just discovered that they got no whortleberries and no fish, and that he was just beginning to send them those things.
    • 1989, Jack Vance, Madouc: Noblemen loyal to King Milo inveighed upon him, until at last he sent off dispatches to King Audry and King Aillas, alerting them to the peculiar rash of forays, raids and provocations current along the Lyonesse border.
    • 1999, Will Hutton, The Guardian, 26 Sep 1999: Only last week, three aggressively written pamphlets crossed my desk inveighing against the euro.
    • 2011, Elizabeth Drew, "What were they thinking?", New York Review of Books, 18 Aug 2011: After the President, in a press conference in late June, inveighed against tax breaks for corporate jets, the industry quickly insisted that such a change would cost jobs.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To draw in or away; to entice, inveigle. {{defdate}}
    • c. 1680, Samuel Butler, Genuine Remains: He is a Spirit, that inveighs away a Man from himself, undertakes great Matters for him, and after fells him for a Slave.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (often, pejorative) An inventrix; a female inventor
inventrix Alternative forms: inuentrix {{defdate}} etymology From the Latin inventrīx. pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /ɪnˈvɛntɹɪks/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic or often pejorative) A female that invent.
    • 1673: Randle Cotgrave, A French and English Dictionary, “Trouveuſe” Trouveuſe: f. An inventrix; or a woman that findeth out.
    • 1997: Angelika Taschen, Roberto Ohrt, and Burkhard Riemschneider [eds.], Kippenberger, page 218 (Taschen; ISBN 3822878677, 9783822878675) Two proletariat inventrices on the way to an inventor’s congress
coordinate terms:
  • inventor
Synonyms: inventress
invidious etymology Latin invidiōsus, from invidia, from in- + videō. pronunciation
  • /ɪnˈvɪdiəs/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a distinction) offensive or unfair discriminating
    • 1891, , The Marriages. "Yes, you must have a lot of places," the Colonel observed, looking at her shining raiment with a sort of invidious directness.
  2. (of an action or task) causing ill will towards the actor; causing offense.
  3. (of a thing) causing envy or ill will towards the possessor
  4. envious, jealous
  5. (obsolete) Hateful; odious; detestable
related terms:
  • invidiously
  • invidiousness
invigilator etymology invigilate + or, from Latin invigilatus, past participle of invigilo pronunciation
  • /ɪnˈvɪdʒɪleɪtər/
noun: {{head}}
  1. (chiefly, UK or archaic) A person who supervise student during an examination; a proctor
  2. (chiefly, UK or archaic) A person who supervise a gallery at a museum.
Invisible Pink Unicorn {{wikipedia}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (Internet, humorous) A unicorn goddess who is simultaneously invisible and pink, used in arguments against faith in an unprovable deity.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-journal }}
    • {{quote-book }}
  • IPU
invite etymology From Middle French inviter, from Latin invītō. pronunciation
  • (verb) {{enPR}}, /ɪnˈvaɪt/
  • (noun) {{enPR}}, /ˈɪnvaɪt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To ask for the presence or participation of someone or something. We invited our friends round for dinner.
  2. (transitive) To request formally. I invite you all to be seated.
  3. (transitive) To encourage. I always invite criticism of my definitions. Wearing that skimpy dress, you are bound to invite attention.
    • 1902, Roosevelt, The refusal to maintain such a navy would invite trouble, and if trouble came would insure disaster.
  4. (transitive) To allure; to draw to; to tempt to come; to induce by pleasure or hope; to attract.
    • Milton to inveigle and invite the unwary sense
    • Dryden shady groves, that easy sleep invite
    • Cowper There no delusive hope invites despair.
Synonyms: (ask for the presence or participation of) ask out, (request formally) ask, beseech, entreat, request, (encourage) ask for, encourage, provoke
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An invitation.
invulgar etymology in + vulgar
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Not vulgar; refined; elegant. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
invulgared etymology {{confix}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (obsolete) Made vulgar. {{rfquotek}}
{{Webster 1913}}
in your dreams
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) Used to express the speaker's skepticism about another's preceding statement about a desired or assumed state of affairs.
Synonyms: you wish
iodine {{elements}} etymology From French iode, from Ancient Greek ἰοειδής 〈ioeidḗs〉 + -ine pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. A chemical element (symbol: I) with an atomic number of 53; one of the halogen.
  2. An antiseptic incorporating the element.
  3. (countable, uncountable, obsolete) An iodide.
Note that the chemical symbol J (not I) is sometimes used in German chemistry texts. Synonyms: (antiseptic) tincture of iodine
related terms: {{rel-top}}
  • iodate
  • iode
  • iodic
  • iodide
  • iodipin
  • iodise, iodize
  • iodous
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To treat with iodine.
Synonyms: iodinate
  • Idoine
iPhone {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • Homophones: eyephone
etymology i + phone. Many Apple products have an i- prefix in their names.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A smartphone of a series produced by , which typically combine a camera phone, PDA, multimedia player, and wireless communication device.
  2. (by extension) Any knockoff or similar high-end smartphone.
iPodification etymology iPod + ification
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, rare) The process of making technology simpler or easier to use by reducing the complexity of a device or its user interface
iPod tax etymology iPod + tax
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, taxation) a levy or tax on digital storage products (ie. iPod), levied at a per unit capacity rate, used to compensate content providers for piracy of their goods and stored on said digital storage products
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (Internet, informal, humorous) initialism of Invisible Pink Unicorn
  • UPI
Irangate etymology Iran + gate
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) The Iran–Contra affair.
Iraqibacter Alternative forms: Iraqi bacter, Iraqi Bacter etymology Iraqi + bacter From {{blend}} due to the instances of infection of US military service personnel serving in Iraq by this bacteria.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pathology, military, US) synonym of Acinetobacter baumannii
Synonyms: Acinetobacter baumannii, A. baumannii
Iraqnophobia etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, humorous) An irrational fear of Iraq's ability to manufacture weapons of mass destruction, or, more broadly, of military conflict with Iraq.
    • 2003, Jerry Knight, "Small Airline Has a Chance To Soar Again", The Washington Post, 10 February 2003: {{…}} but they may be making a mistake by not taking a flier on Atlantic Coast and some of the other successful smaller airlines, the stocks of which have been grounded by Wall Street's Iraqnophobia.
    • 2005, Daniel Dinello, Technophobia!: Science Fiction Visions of Posthuman Technology, University of Texas Press (2005), ISBN 9780292709867, page 217: An arrogant dictatorial super-villain possesses a weapon of mass destruction while the morally righteous Federation makes a successful preemptive strike — Nemesis almost seemed designed to encourage the nation's Iraqnophobia and justify its war.
    • 2009, Gary Cox, How to Be an Existentialist: Or How to Get Real, Get a Grip and Stop Making Excuses, A&C Black (2009), ISBN 9781441188434, page 112: (Former American President George W. Bush and former British Prime Minister Tony Blair now suffer from Iraqnophobia for which there is no cure.)
irascible {{was wotd}} etymology From French irascible, from ll īrāscibilis. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪˈɹæs.ɪ.bəl/, /ɪˈɹæs.ə.bəl/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Easily provoked to outbursts of anger; irritable.
    • 1809, , Knickerbocker's History of New York, ch. 16: . . . the surly and irascible passions which, like belligerent powers, lie encamped around the heart.
    • 1863, , Hospital Sketches, ch. 1: I am naturally irascible, and if I could have shaken this negative gentleman vigorously, the relief would have been immense.
    • 1921, , Four Years, ch. 10: . . . a never idle man of great physical strength and extremely irascible—did he not fling a badly baked plum pudding through the window upon Xmas Day?
    • 2004 Feb. 29, Daniel Kadlec, "Why He's Meanspan," Time: Alan Greenspan was on an irascible roll last week, first dissing everyone who holds a fixed-rate mortgage — suckers! — and later picking on folks who collect Social Security: Get back to work, Grandma.
Synonyms: cantankerous, choleric, cranky, ill-tempered, hot-tempered
related terms: {{rel-top3}}
  • irascibility
  • irascibleness
  • irascibly
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{wikipedia}} {{en-initialism}}
  1. (Internet) initialism of Internet Relay Chat
  2. (US legal) initialism of Internal Revenue Code
  3. (postal) initialism of international reply coupon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. international reply coupon
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, Internet, informal) To participate in Internet Relay Chat.
    • 1995, Stuart Harris, The Irc Survival Guide <- irced 2 yrs without aliases …
    • 2002, James Arnt Aune, Selling the Free MarketIRCing can confirm the observation that work and play appear to constitute a continuum for the digerati.
    • 2004, Allison Rushby, Friday Night Cocktails … not that this is strange or anything, I do the same thing myself when I'm IRCing — there're some real weirdos out there roaming the Net …
  • Cir. , CIR
  • ICR
  • RCI
  • RIC
Irish {{wikipedia}} {{interwiktionary}} etymology Middle English Irisce (12th c.), from Old English Īras, from Old Norse írar, from Old Irish Ériu (modern Éire), from Proto-Celtic *Īwerjū, from Proto-Indo-European *pi-wer-, literally "fat," akin to Ancient Greek πίειρα 〈píeira〉, Sanskrit पीवरी 〈pīvarī〉. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈaɪrɪʃ/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. The Goidelic language indigenous to Ireland, also known as Irish Gaelic. Irish is the first official and national language of Ireland
  2. {{surname}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (as plural) The Irish people.
  2. (obsolete) A board game of the tables family.
  3. (US) Temper; anger, passion.
    • 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett, Nebraska (1987), page 65: But her Irish was up too high to do any thing with her, and so I quit trying.
    • 1947, Hy Heath, John Lange, Clancy Lowered the Boom: Whenever he got his Irish up, Clancy lowered the boom.
    • Irish Lace, page 296, Andrew M. Greeley, 1997, “The Priest is as fierce a fighter as I am when he gets his Irish up.”
  4. whiskey, or whisky, elaborated in Ireland.
    • 1889, Jerome K. Jerome, Three Men In A Boat: Harris said he'd had enough oratory for one night, and proposed that we should go out and have a smile, saying that he had found a place, round by the square, where you could really get a drop of Irish worth drinking.
  • Use Irishman or Irishwoman for one singular person.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to or originating from Ireland or the Irish people. Sheep are typical in the Irish landscape.
  2. Pertaining to the Irish language.
  3. (derogatory) nonsensical, daft or complex. "A number of derogatory nicknames began to emerge, including "Irish confetti" for thrown bricks, and "Irish kiss" for a slap" (
  • rishi
  • sirih
Irish confetti
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) A brick or bricks throw during a fight.
Irish twin etymology Originally used (in the nineteenth century) to mock the fertility of Irish families, referencing the stereotype that they do not use birth control and thus have children in quicker succession.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, slang, sometimes offensive) Either of a pair of sibling born less than 12 months apart, especially if born within the same calendar year.
Irish waterfall etymology From the stereotype of the Irish as stupid, and the fact that smoke rises, unlike a proper waterfall.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) French inhale; inhaling smoke that has just been expelled from the mouth or inhaling smoke through the nose while simultaneously expelling it from the mouth.
iron {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English iren, a rhotacism of Old English īsern, īsærn, īren, īsen, from Proto-Germanic *īsarną (compare Dutch ijzer, Western Frisian izer, German Eisen, Danish jern), from Gaulish īsarno-, from Proto-Celtic *īsarno- (compare Welsh haearn, Irish iarann), a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésh₂r̥ 〈*h₁ésh₂r̥〉 (compare Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒄯 〈𒂊𒌍𒄯〉, xto ysār, Latvian asinis, Ancient Greek ἔαρ 〈éar〉, xcl արիւն 〈ariwn〉, Sanskrit असृज् 〈asr̥j〉).Donald A. Ringe, ''From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic'' (Oxford: Oxford, 2006), 296.J.P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, ''Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture'', s.v. "blood" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999). The sense development runs from 'bloody' to 'blood red' to 'ruddy metal'. pronunciation {{elements}} or from original /ˈaɪɹən/.
  • (UK) /ˈaɪən/
  • (US) /ˈaɪɚn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A common, inexpensive metal, often black in color, that rusts, is attracted by magnets, and is used in making steel.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (uncountable, physics, chemistry, metallurgy) A metallic chemical element having atomic number 26 and symbol Fe.
  3. (uncountable, countable, metallurgy) Any material, not a steel, predominantly made of elemental iron. examplewrought iron, ductile iron, cast iron, pig iron, gray iron
  4. (countable) A tool or appliance made of metal, which is heat and then used to transfer heat to something else; most often a thick piece of metal fitted with a handle and having a flat, roughly triangular bottom, which is heated and used to press wrinkle from clothing, and now usually containing an electrical heating apparatus.
  5. (usually plural, [[irons]]) Shackles.
  6. (slang) A handgun.
  7. (uncountable) A dark shade of the colour/color silver.
  8. (Cockney rhyming slang, shortened from [[iron hoof]], rhyming with [[poof]]; countable, offensive) A male homosexual.
  9. (golf) A golf club used for middle-distance shots.
  10. (uncountable) Great strength or power.
  • {{seeCites}}
Synonyms: (metallic chemical element) ferrum, (tool for pressing clothing) flatiron (old-fashioned), smoothing iron (old-fashioned), (shackles) shackles, (homosexual) poof, queer, (strength or power) energy, force
  • (metallic chemical element) chemical element, metal; atom
  • (tool for pressing clothing) tool, mechanical device
  • (shackles) restraint
  • (handgun) weapon
  • (dark shade of silver) colour, color; shade; silver
  • (strength or power) force, might, energy
  • (shackles) leg irons
  • (golf club) driving iron, long iron, short iron, 1-iron, 2-iron, 3-iron, 4-iron, 5-iron, 6-iron, 7-iron, 8-iron, 9-iron,
  • (strength or power) ironman
  • (parts or members of metallic chemical element) electron, neutron, proton
  • (metallic chemical element) molecule (sometimes)
coordinate terms:
  • (tool for pressing clothing) mangle
related terms:
  • andiron
  • gridiron
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (not comparable) Made of the metal iron.
  2. (figuratively) Strong (as of will), inflexible. She had an iron will. He held on with an iron grip. an iron constitution
Synonyms: (strong of will, inflexible) adamant, adamantine, brassbound
  • (made of the metal iron) metal, metallic
  • (made of the metal iron) wrought-iron
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To pass an iron over (clothing or some other item made of cloth) in order to remove crease.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff.
    • Sir Walter Scott Ironed like a malefactor.
  3. (transitive) To furnish or arm with iron. to iron a wagon
Synonyms: (to pass an iron over) press
coordinate terms:
  • (to pass an iron over) mangle
  • Japanese: アイロン 〈airon〉
  • inro, inrō, noir, nori, Orin, RINO
irony {{was wotd}} {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 First attested in 1502. From Middle French ironie, from Old French, from Latin īrōnīa, from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία 〈eirōneía〉, from εἴρων 〈eírōn〉. pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈaɪə.rən.i/
  • (US) /ˈaɪ.rə.ni/, /ˈaɪ.ɚ.ni/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A statement that, when taken in context, may actually mean something different from, or the opposite of, what is written literally; the use of words expressing something other than their literal intention, often in a humorous context.
  2. Dramatic irony: a theatrical effect in which the meaning of a situation, or some incongruity in the plot, is understood by the audience, but not by the character in the play.
  3. Ignorance feigned for the purpose of confound or provoking an antagonist; Socratic irony.
  4. (informal, sometimes proscribed){{cite news |date=2008-06-30 |title=Isn’t It Ironic? Probably Not |first=Bob |last=Harris |newspaper=The New York Times |url= |accessdate=2011-01-06 }}[ ironic], [[|]], accessed 4 November 2011: The words ''ironic'', ''irony'', and ''ironically'' are sometimes used of events and circumstances that might better be described as simply "coincidental" or "improbable," in that they suggest no particular lessons about human vanity or folly. Thus 78 percent of the Usage Panel rejects the use of ironically in the sentence ''In 1969 Susie moved from Ithaca to California where she met her husband-to-be, who, ironically, also came from upstate New York''. Some Panelists noted that this particular usage might be acceptable if Susie had in fact moved to California in order to find a husband, in which case the story could be taken as exemplifying the folly of supposing that we can know what fate has in store for us. By contrast, 73 percent accepted the sentence ''Ironically, even as the government was fulminating against American policy, American jeans and videocassettes were the hottest items in the stalls of the market'', where the incongruity can be seen as an example of human inconsistency. Contradiction between circumstances and expectations; condition contrary to what might be expected. {{defdate}}
  • Some authorities omit the last sense, "contradiction of circumstances and expectations, condition contrary to what might be expected", however it has been in common use since the 1600s.[ irony], Online Etymology Dictionary
related terms:
  • ironically
etymology 2 iron + y pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈaɪə.ni/
  • (US) /ˈaɪ.ɚ.ni/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of or pertaining to the metal iron. The food had an irony taste to it.
Synonyms: ferric, ferrous
irregardful etymology Probably a parody of irregardless; analyzable as ir- + regard + -ful.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang, proscribed, chiefly, US, humorous) Regardless.
irregardless {{wikipedia}} etymology Probably a {{blend}}; surface analysis is in + regardless. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˌɪɹ.ɨˈɡɑːd.lᵻs/, /ˌɪ.ɹɨˈɡɑːd.lᵻs/
  • (US) /ˌɪɹ.ɨˈɡɑɹd.lᵻs/, /ˌɪ.ɹɨˈɡɑɹd.lᵻs/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (proscribed, nonstandard, sometimes, humorous) Regardless, irrespective.
    • 1875, Knights Templar (Masonic order) Reed Commandery, No. 6 (Dayton, Ohio), Grand Excursion to New Orleans Dear loved ones were unceremoniously hurried off home, irregardless to any previous arrangement, where they could sit down and recount the incidents of the trip to those who had been left behind
    • 1898, John Murray, Memorials of John Murray of Broughton: Sometime Secretary to Prince Charles Edward, 1740-1747, page 160, printed at the University Press by T. and A. Constable for the Scottish History Society Mr. Mcg., far from being unsusceptable of flattery, irregardless of his own private interest, readily assented, and had a paper dictated to him to the following purpose:
    • 1995 January, Katalin É. Kiss (editor), Discourse Configurational Languages, page 67, Oxford University Press, USA Object resumptive pronouns corresponding to arguments must always occur...irregardless of the presence and position of the full coindexed object nps.
    • 2003 December 22, Judge Wallace, Jonathan C. Shaw v. Cal Terhune, No. 02-16829, U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals the crime by definition allowed for the prosecution of both defendants irregardless of which defendant physically pulled the trigger.
    • 2005 February, Karim Murji and John Solomos, Racialization: Studies In Theory And Practice, page 38, Oxford University Press Again following Runciman, whether we agree with the biological race concept or not, its continued formal and informal salience confirms that competing racial understandings exist irregardless of whether they are valid truths or subjective speculations.
  • Although well attested, this term is widely regarded as a nonstandard and incorrect. Its use is discouraged by many speakers, who consider it inappropriate in virtually any formal setting, except quoted dialog.
Synonyms: (regardless) irrespective, regardless
  • {{seemoreCites}}
irregardlessly etymology irregardless + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (rare, nonstandard, sometimes, humorous) regardless
irrelephant etymology {{blend}}.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (humorous) Not related to elephant; irrelevant to the consideration or discussion of elephants.
is {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1 From Middle English, from Old English is, from Proto-Germanic *isti, a form of Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti 〈*h₁ésti〉. Cognate with Western Frisian is, Dutch is, German ist, Old Swedish is. The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of four originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from *bʰuH-. The forms is and am are derived from *h₁es- 〈*h₁es-〉 whereas the form are comes from *iraną. Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as was and were are from *h₂wes- 〈*h₂wes-〉. Alternative forms: 's pronunciation
  • (UK) /ɪz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of be He is a doctor. He retired some time ago. Should he do the task, it is vital that you follow him. It all depends on what the meaning of is is. - Bill Clinton
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) inflection of be
  • {{seeCites}}
  • {{rank}}
etymology 2 i + s.
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of i remember to dot your is
{{U:en:plurals of letters}}
  • si, Si, SI
Iscariotism etymology Iscariot + ism
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) The behaviour of a traitor.
    • 1917, The Railroad Trainman (volume 34, page 52) The money of the panderer or white slaver is no bloodier than that which the scab receives for his Iscariotism.
I see what you did there
phrase: {{head}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: I, see, what, you, did, there
  2. (informal) An expression used to point out that another person's joke has been understood, either to praise its cleverness or to clearly communicate a lack of amusement at it.
    • 2010 November 4, Bill Prady, Steven Molaro & Steve Holland, "The Apology Insufficiency", episode 4-7 of , 00:05:03-00:05:19: Leonard Hofstadter: Of course, we're in different departments. He's an engineer and I'm an experimental physicist. You know, one of guys who examines the building blocks of creation and says: "Hello, maker of the universe. I see what you did there. Good one."
    • 2011, Grant R. Jeffrey & Alton L. Gansky, The Scroll, WaterBrook Press (2011), ISBN 9780307729262, page 103: "Wait. I see what you did there. You turned my comment around on me so that it would be an insult. You are one clever gal, Dr. Rodgers."
    • 2011, "Fast chat: Miss Piggy of 'The Muppets'", Newsday, 19 November 2011: Oh, I see what you did there! You made a little "bacon" joke at moi's expense. You got a death wish or something, buster?!
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: ISWYDT
ish pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From is
verb: {{head}}
  1. eye dialect of is
etymology 2 From the suffix -ish.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) somewhat, reasonably, fairly "How was the film?" "It was good, ish." The exam went well, ish.
  2. (colloquial) about, approximately
    • Ending up‎, page 11, Kingsley Amis, 1974, “'With luck, about twelve.' 'Ah,' said Bernard. 'Twelve-thirty. Ish.'”
    • Friends in High Places, page 283, Marne Davis Kellogg, 2007, “How old are you? Fifty-ish?" / "Ish." / The color flared in her cheeks but she didn't look as though she were going to shoot me.”
Synonyms: around, near, nearly, almost, about, loosely, roughly, close to
etymology 3 From Pitman ess and eff, which it resembles phonetically and graphically, and the sound it represents. The change in vowel probably reflects the familiar suffix -ish.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The name of the letter which stands for the sh sound /ʃ/ in Pitman shorthand.
related terms:
  • esh, the IPA letter for the same sound
  • zhee
etymology 4 Phonetic spelling of the {{clipping}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, fandom slang) An instalment of a periodical; an issue.
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
    • {{quote-magazine }}
etymology 5 minced oath for shit.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Shit.
    • 2010, Jill Murray, Break On Through, page 15: Anyone, really, but seriously, you'd think that people whose very passion depends on their lungs would want to cut that ish out
    • 2012, Dipal Parikh, Walking with Krishna: Based on True Life Events, page 154: I owe you a lot Dipal, so put that ish away.
    • 2013, Ivy McQuain, Get Your Head Out of the Clouds, This Is Business, page 25: Now, it's time to get your ish together.
  • his , His
  • IHS
  • shi
I should cocoa
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (Cockney rhyming slang, British, dated, humorous) I should say so; I strongly agree (almost always used ironically or sarcastically).
is it going to rain pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
phrase: {{head}}?
  1. Is it going to rain?
is it just me
phrase: {{head}}?
  1. (colloquial, rhetorical question) Am I the only one who thinks this (used at the beginning of a sentence)
    • 2005 -
Islamerica etymology {{blend}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A supposed future United States which is predominantly inhabited by Muslims.
    • 2003, Eprem, Re: Islam: The Next American Religion? Group: alt.religion.islam Americans are not very inclined to believe your propaganda of a utopia islamerica
    • 2006, Wild Monkshood, Re: Only in America--soon to be Islamerica. Give an inch, they'll take . . . your country. Group: alt.true-crime Only in America--soon to be Islamerica
    • 2002, TR, Re: Women Slaves of Islam Group: alt.religion.islam What is the most Islamic country in the world? Islamerica. If you eliminated from the list of Muslims, all those Muslims that other Muslims called "they are not Muslims", there would be no Muslims left on the list
    • 2002, Arthur Becker, Destiny Restored - Page 103 He had already formed a very preliminary first hypothesis, based on that vector running through Angela's statement about Islamerica's objective; Braddock's multiple personas as a shuttle pilot …
Islamofascism {{wikipedia}} etymology Islamo + fascism pronunciation
  • (US) /ɪˈslɑ.moʊˌfæʃ.ɪz.əm/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, pejorative) Socially repressive or nationalistic Islamic fundamentalism.
related terms:
  • Islamofascist
  • Islamonazism
  • Islamo-
Islamofascist etymology Islamo + facist
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, US, pejorative, offensive) A Muslim fundamentalist.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (chiefly, US, pejorative, offensive) Of or pertaining to Islamofascism.
Synonyms: Muslimofascist
related terms:
  • Islamonazism
island universe
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, galaxy, archaic) A galaxy
Israel firster
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) A non-Israeli who is obsequious servile to pro-Israel lobbyists or Zionist advocacy groups.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang, offensive, derogatory) Israel
Israhelli etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (rare, slang, derogatory, offensive) Israeli
is the Pope Catholic Alternative forms: is the Pope a Catholic?
phrase: {{head}}?
  1. (colloquial, rhetorical question) A rhetorical question in response to a question where the answer is an emphatic yes. Would you like to go to the beach? ― Is the Pope Catholic?
Synonyms: does a bear shit in the woods?
it {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (dialectal) hit pronunciation
  • (stressed) {{enPR}}, /ɪt/
  • (dialectal) /ɪt̚ʔ/, /ɪʔ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (unstressed) {{enPR}}, /ət/
  • {{homophones}} (unstressed)
etymology 1 From Middle English it, hit ( > English dialectal hit), from Old English hit, from Proto-Germanic *hit, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe- 〈*ḱe-〉, *ḱey- 〈*ḱey-〉. Cognate with Western Frisian it, Low German it, Dutch het, German es. More at he. Alternative forms: itt (obsolete)
pronoun: {{en-pron}}
  1. The third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to an inanimate object, to an inanimate thing with no or unknown sex or gender. Put it over there. Take each day as it comes.
  2. A third-person singular personal pronoun used to refer to a child of unknown gender. She took the baby and held it in her arms.
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter IV: A child cannot quarrel with its elders, as I had done; cannot give its furious feelings uncontrolled play, as I had given mine, without experiencing afterwards the pang of remorse and the chill of reaction.
  3. Used to refer to oneself when identifying oneself, often on the phone, but not limited to this situation. It's me. John.
  4. The impersonal pronoun, used without referent as the subject of an impersonal verb or statement. (known as the dummy pronoun or weather it) It is nearly 10 o’clock. It’s very cold today. It’s lonely without you.
  5. The impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder for a delayed subject, or less commonly, object. (known as the dummy pronoun or, more formally in linguistics, a syntactic expletive) It is easy to see how she would think that. I find it odd that you would say that. He saw to it that everyone would vote for him.
  6. All or the end; something after which there is no more. Are there more students in this class, or is this it? That's it—I'm not going to any more candy stores with you.
  7. (obsolete, relative) That which; what.
    • 1643, Thomas Browne, Religio Medici, II.2: In briefe, I am content, and what should providence add more? Surely this is it wee call Happinesse, and this doe I enjoy [...].
See for other personal pronouns.
  • {{seeCites}}
determiner: {{head}}
  1. (obsolete) its
    • 1611, Authorized King James Version of the Bible, first edition, Leviticus 25:5: That which groweth of it owne accord of thy haruest, thou ſhalt not reape, neither gather the grapes of thy Uine vndreſſed: for it is a yeere of reſt vnto the land. {{i}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who is neither a he nor a she; a creature; a dehumanize being.
    • 1995, Neil Weiner, Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius, Shattered innocence (page 8) Too often, children become an "it" in their homes and their humanness is devalued.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1 His master glanced up quickly, and removed the letter from his hands. "I'm surprised at you, James," he remarked severely. "A secretary should control itself. Don't forget that the perfect secretary is an it: an automatic machine—a thing incapable of feeling.…"
  2. The person who chase and tries to catch the other player in the playground game of tag. In the next game, Adam and Tom will be it
    • 2000, Katherine T. Thomas, Amelia M. Lee, Jerry R. Thomas, Physical education for children (page 464) When there are only two children left who haven't been tagged, I will stop the game, and we will start over with those children starting as the Its.
  3. (British, uncountable) The game of tag. Let's play it at breaktime.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) most fashionable.
    • Vibe, Vol. 15, No. 9, p. 202, September 2007: Going away for the weekend and feel the need to profile en route? This is the "it" bag.
    • David Germain, Hilarious ‘Kick-Ass’ delivers bloody fun, Associated Press, 2010: With Hit Girl, Moretz is this year's It Girl, alternately sweet, savage and scary.
etymology 2
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (language) Italian.
  2. Italy.
  • {{rank}}
  • ti, TI, Ti.
it'dn't've etymology From it + wouldn't (would + -n’t 〈-n’t〉) + -'ve. pronunciation
  • /ˈɪd(ə)n(t)ə(v)/
contraction: {{en-cont}}
  1. (nonstandard or colloquial or dialectal) It would not have.
it's pronunciation
  • /ɪts/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 Contraction of ‘it is’ or ‘it has’.
contraction: {{en-cont}}
  1. It is.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    exampleit’s too expensive;&nbsp; it’s coming right for us!
  2. It has. exampleIt’s been a long time since I’ve had cheesecake.
  3. (colloquial) There's, there is; there're, there are. exampleit's a fine line between love and hate;&nbsp; it's a package for you by the door
  • See Usage under “its”
Synonyms: (it is) ’tis
etymology 2 From it + 's ‘possessive marker’.
determiner: {{head}}
  1. (now nonstandard) alternative form of its
    • {{RQ:Flr Mntgn Essays}}, I.43: The manner wherewith our Lawes assay to moderate the foolish and vaine expences of table-cheare and apparell, seemeth contrarie to it’s end.
    • 1787, United States Constitution, Article One of the United States Constitution: No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws[.]
    • 1803, President Thomas Jefferson, Instructions to Captain Meriwether Lewis: The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri river, & such principal stream of it, as, by it’s course & communication with the waters of the Pacific Ocean.
  • IST sit, STI, ’tis, TIS
it's all Greek to me {{move}} {{rft}} etymology From Julius Caesar (play) by Shakespeare pronunciation
  • /ɪts ɔːl ˈɡriːk tə ˌmiː/
  • {{audio}}
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) I don’t understand any of it; it makes no sense.
    • I tried reading the instructions, but it’s all Greek to me.
    • 1599 — , , i 2 but those that understood him smiled at one another andshook their heads; but, for mine own part, it was Greek to me.
    • 1694 — , Gargantua and Pantagruel, book V; translated by , 1694 (original French edition 1564) During the processions they trilled and quavered most melodiously betwixt their teeth I do not know what antiphones, or chantings, by turns. For my part, ’twas all Hebrew-Greek to me, the devil a word I could pick out on’t;
    • 1844 — , The Settlers in Canada "Well," said Alfred, "it may be a letter, but I confess it is all Greek to me.
    • 1849 — , , ch VI I ran after him, and received an order to go aloft and “slush down the main-top mast.” This was all Greek to me, and after receiving the order, I stood staring about me, wondering what it was that was to be done.
    • 1904 — , The Ocean Cat’s Paw "Look here, Mr. Count," he said; "I am only a rough Englishman, and a lot of what you have been saying about mission and that sort of thing is just so much Greek to me."
    • 1907 — , The War in the Air "It’s more like some firm’s paper. All this printed stuff at the top. Drachenflieger. Drachenballons. Ballonstoffe. Kugelballons. Greek to me."
    • 1927-1929 — , , Part II (VIII), translated 1940 by A Parsi lawyer was examining a witness and asking him question regarding credit and debit entries in account books. It was all Greek to me.
    • 1965 — Harry Ray Bannister, The Education of a Broadcaster‎, page 16 Cavanaugh explained the network-affiliate relationship, which of course was all Greek to me and remained so even after his explanation.
    • 2004, Jacob Taubes, The Political Theology of Paul‎, page 99 …it was expected of me, or it was considered an honor, to lecture on seventeenth-century philosophy: Descartes (which was all Greek to me), Descartes to Spinoza.
it's not even funny Alternative forms: it's not funny, it isn't even funny, it isn't funny, it is not even funny, it is not funny
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (informal) Used to indicate that a person, thing, or situation possesses a described characteristic to an extreme or unusual degree.
    • 2000, Loren Pope, Colleges That Change Lives: 40 Schools You Should Know about Even If You're Not a Straight-A Student, page 86: Women's colleges have so much to offer it's not even funny.
    • 2007, Dave Batista, Batista Unleashed, page 114: I'm impressed with him on so many different levels it's not even funny.
    • 2014, Lynne D'Amico, Force of Mind, Song of Heart, p. 61: We're so far from the head table that's it's not even funny!
  • Found in constructions of this form: X is so Y that it's not even funny.
it's on
phrase: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) An implied conflict is starting.
    • 1959: [A man from a competing gang throws a drink in Fred's face, just before a fight begins.] Fred Alger (): It's on!
Used as an announcement of a (usually physical) fight between two increasingly hostile groups, typically stated by one of the parties to the fight.
related terms:
  • bring it on
it's snowing {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Snow is fall.
Italian {{interwiktionary}} {{wikipedia}} {{wikiversity}} etymology From Malayalam Italiānus, from Italia pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ɪˈtæljən/
  • {{audio}}
  • /ˌaɪˈtæljən/ (derogatory)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Pertaining to Italy, its people or its language.
Synonyms: Italish
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An inhabitant of Italy, or a person of Italian descent.
    • {{quote-news }}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. The official language of Italy, also spoken in San Marino, the Vatican, and parts of Switzerland.
it bag etymology Compare It girl.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (colloquial, 1990s-2000s) A kind of expensive designer handbag that is a must-have for fashionable people.
itch {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: (noun) yuck, yuik, yeuk (in Scotland) pronunciation
  • /ɪt͡ʃ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology The noun is from Middle English icche, ȝicche, from Old English ġiċċe, ġyċċe, from Proto-Germanic *jukjǭ, of unknown origin. Cognate with Scots yeuk, Dutch jeuk. The verb is from Middle English icchen, ȝicchen, from Old English ġiċċan, ġyċċan, from Proto-Germanic *jukjaną, of unknown origin. Cognate with Scots yeuk, Western Frisian jûkje, Dutch jeuken, Low German jocken, German jucken.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sensation felt on an area of the skin that causes a person or animal to want to scratch.
  2. A desire or want.
    • 1895, George Meredith, The Amazing Marriage, “... it left, however, a bee at his ear and an itch to transfer the buzzer's attentions and tease his darling; for she had betrayed herself as right good game.”
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To feel itchy; to feel a need to be scratch.
    • {{RQ:Shakespeare Romeo}} Capulet: ... Speak not, reply not, do not answer me; / My fingers itch. Wife, we scarce thought us blest / That God had lent us but this only child; / But now I see this one is one too much, / And that we have a curse in having her: / Out on her, hilding!
  2. (intransitive) To want or desire. He started learning to drive and he has been itching for opportunities to practice ever since.
  3. (transitive) To cause to feel an itch. {{rfquote}}
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To scratch or rub so as to relieve an itch.
    • 2002, M D Huddleston, Missing Paige: "What makes you suspect him?" Max asked as he itched his neck.
    • 2002 January 4, "Cyd" (username), Itching, in, Usenet: I have to take both shoes and socks off! If I go bare foot I'm ok! I also get itching on my r/palm of my hand. I itch it so much that it's raw!
    • 2003 November 21, "Jim Patterson" (username), Behavior Therapy for Itchy Clothes?, in, Usenet: Basically I go through a half hour of trying to figure out of it is an fake OCD itch or a regular itch before I itch it (if I determine it's a "fake" itch, then I try not to itch it).
    • 2003, Ray Emerson, The Riddle of Cthulhu: Ulysses thumped his side and itched his back side, then slipped into his car.
    • 2004, Philip Smucker, Al Qaeda's Great Escape: The Military and the Media on Terror's Trail: But when we asked more about the famous man whose specter still commanded the heights, the guard just sneered at me, pointed his gun back toward the road with one hand, and itched his chin with the other.
  • chit
  • tich
itch the ditch
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang, of a female) To masturbate (for females).
item etymology The word started as Latin item for "also", "in the same manner", and got its present English meaning by people misunderstanding usage in lists where the first entry began "In primis" (Latin for "firstly"), and the other entries each started "Item" (Latin for "also"), in former times when most learned people in England knew Latin. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A distinct physical object. exampleTweezers are great for manipulating small items.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. A line of text having a legal or other meaning; a separate particular in an account. examplethe items in a bill exampleIn response to the first item, we deny all wrongdoing.
  3. (psychometrics) A question on a test, which may include its answers. exampleThe exam has 100 items, each of which includes a correct response and three distractors.
  4. A matter for discussion in an agenda. exampleThe first item for discussion is the budget for next year's picnic.
  5. (informal) Two people who are having a relationship with each other. exampleJack and Jill are an item.
    • 2010, Justin Bieber featuring Ludacris, Are we an item? Girl, quit playin' / "We're just friends," what are you sayin'?
  6. A short article in a newspaper. examplean item concerning the weather
  7. (obsolete) A hint; an innuendo.
    • Thomas Fuller (1606-1661) A secret item was given to some of the bishops … to absent themselves.
Synonyms: (object) article, object, thing, (line of text having a legal or semantic meaning), (matter for discussion) subject, topic, (two people who are having a relationship with each other) couple, (psychometrics) test/assessment question
  • emit, mite, time
itinerant worker
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, Southern California) A temporary worker, particularly for exhausting manual labor.
  2. (US) One who maintains no permanent residence, one who is homeless
Synonyms: day laborer
  • {{rfc-sense}} In context, either a politically correct term for unemployed, or a derogatory term for the homeless.
itis {{wikipedia}} etymology From suffix -itis. Compare phobia, from -phobia, sophy, from -sophy, ism, from -ism, and ana, from -ana. pronunciation
  • /ˈaɪtɨs/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A medical condition accompanied by inflammation.
    • 1973, April 16, “Scorecard”, Robert W. Creamer ed., in Sports Illustrated “. . . Arthritis, tendinitis and all those other itises will eventually catch up with you.”
  2. (informal, Caribbean) The feeling of sleepiness after eating a heavy meal, usually the itis.
-itis etymology From Dutch -itis, from Ancient Greek -ῖτις 〈-îtis〉. This is the feminine form of adjectival suffix -ίτης 〈-ítēs〉 because it was used with the feminine noun νόσος 〈nósos〉, particularly with (one of the earliest English borrowings from which the suffix was extracted and abstracted).[ -itis]. Humorous sense by generalization.
suffix: {{en-suffix}} (usually , sometimes -itides or rarely -itises)
  1. (pathology) Suffix denoting disease characterized by inflammation, itself often caused by an infection.
  2. (humorous) Used to form the names of various fictitious affliction or diseases.
    • What to Do About Senioritis: Make Your Senior Year Count, College Board. Accessed April 4, 2008.[ What to Do About Senior'''itis''': Make Your Senior Year Count]
While most of the derived terms theoretically have plurals in -itides (from the Ancient Greek -ῑ́τῐδες 〈-ī́tĭdes〉, plural of -ῖτῐς 〈-îtĭs〉) and a few in -itises (the standardized English plural), these forms are rarely used as the derived terms describe conditions but rarely specific instances of those conditions.
  • itis
I told you so
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. A phrase used to remind someone that they were already warned that a certain event would happen.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Chapter IV "See that, man!" Some flowers and grasses and another leafy branch floated toward us. We both scanned the water and the coastline. Bradley evidently discovered something, or at least thought that he had. He called down for a bucket and a rope, and when they were passed up to him, he lowered the former into the sea and drew it in filled with water. Of this he took a taste, and straightening up, looked into my eyes with an expression of elation--as much as to say "I told you so!"
This phrase is often said as "I hate to say I told you so", as a form of paralipsis.
  • {{seeCites}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Very small; itty
itsy bitsy
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, often, childish) alternative spelling of itsy-bitsy She wore an itsy bitsy teeny weeny yellow polka-dot bikini
itsy-bitsy Alternative forms: itsy bitsy, itty-bitty
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, often, childish or humorous) Very small; minuscule. The itsy-bitsy spider climbed up the water spout.
Synonyms: teeny-weeny
it takes one to know one
proverb: it takes one to know one
  1. (colloquial, often, childish) Assertion that an insult that was made by the party to whom the phrase is directed is also true of that party.
    • 1949, Nial Kent, The Divided Path]], p. 358: There's an unkind saying that it takes one to know one, and it's almost true.
    • 1947, Poet Lore‎, p. 280: Anyone who appreciates Shakespeare as this author unquestionably does is another Shakespeare — it takes one to know one!
    • 1946, , Williwaw‎, p. 45: "It takes one to know one," said the Chief, referring back to the eggs.
Sometimes recited without the initial "it", which is implied.
itty bitty
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, often, childish or humorous) alternative spelling of itty-bitty
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, often, childish or humorous) alternative form of itsy-bitsy
Alternative forms: itty bitty
iunno etymology Loose pronunciation of I dunno.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (Internet, slang) I don't know.
Alternative forms: iuno
  • union, Union
etymology 1 From Russian Иван 〈Ivan〉, and from Ivan in several sla languages, all of them cognates of the English John. pronunciation
  • /ˈaɪ.vən, ɪˈvɑːn/
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name of English speakers.
    • 2010 Kate Atkinson, Started Early, took My Dog, Doubleday, ISBN 9780385608022, page 66: Amy's husband was called Ivan. Ivan the Terrible, Barry always called him, naturally. 'Ivan? What kind of name is that?' he said to Tracy after Amy's engagement was announced. 'Bloody Russian.' 'Actually, I think it's because he had a Norwegian grandfather', Tracy said. 'Norwegian?' Barry said incredulously, as if she'd just announced that Ivan's family came from the moon.
  2. A transliteration of the Russian male given name Иван 〈Ivan〉.
  3. (slang) A Russian.
  4. (slang) Russians (collectively, personified). Ivan is planning an attack on our flank.
etymology 2 Rare variant of English Evan, from Welsh Ifan, the Welsh equivalent of John.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name of Welsh origin.
    • 1833 George Newenham Wright, Scenes in North Wales, T. T. and J. Tegg, page 137: Dafydd ap Ivan ap Einion, an adherent to the house of Lancaster held out, in Harlech Castle, for nine years after the accession of Edward the Fourth to the throne of England.
  • vain
contraction: {{en-cont}}
  1. (informal, nonstandard) alternative form of I've
ivory {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English ivorie, from xno ivurie, from Latin eboreus adjective of ebur (genitive eboris), from Coptic ⲓⲏⲃ 〈ⲓⲏⲃ〉, from Ancient Egyptian 3bw. pronunciation
  • /ˈaɪvəɹi/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) The hard white form of dentine which forms the tusk of elephant, walrus and other animal.
  2. A cream white colour, the colour of ivory. {{color panel}}
  3. Something made from or resembling ivory.
  4. (collective singular or in plural) The teeth.
  5. (collective singular or in plural) The keys of a piano.
  6. (slang) A white person.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Made of ivory.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 10 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “Men that I knew around Wapatomac didn't wear high, shiny plug hats, nor yeller spring overcoats, nor carry canes with ivory heads as big as a catboat's anchor, as you might say.”
  2. Resembling or having the colour of ivory.
related terms:
  • chryselephantine
  • eburnation

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