The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


I want to know {{phrasebook}}
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. Used to explain a request for information. Could you please tell me where to catch the bus? / Well, where are you going? What do you really want to know? I want to know the directions to the bus station. I want to know how to get to the bus station. I want to know where the M-5 bus stops.
I wish
phrase: {{en-phrase}}!
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) Used to express the speaker's wish that the preceding statement were true "Wouldn't you like to be a millionaire?" — "I wish"!
  • The verb wish requires an object or prepositional phrase. In conversation, a preceding statement is the understood missing constituent of the complete expression.
Synonyms: from your lips to God's ears, from one's lips to
related terms:
  • you wish
I would etymology Presumably short for "I would have sex with her/him"
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (slang, idiomatic) Used to denote that a speaker finds another sexually attractive. Look at that chick hanging out by the entrance. I would!
-iz- etymology Possibly first used by the hip-hop group in their 1984 single "Roxanne, Roxanne".
infix: {{head}}
  1. (slang) An intensifier. {{infixusex}} {{infixusex}} {{infixusex}}
Characteristic of African American Vernacular English. Usually inserted after the first syllable.
-izzle pronunciation
  • /ɪzəl/
etymology Popularized by rap artist Snoop Dogg, from a style of cant (esoteric slang) used by African American pimps and jive hustlers of the 1970s. The “-iz, -izzle, -izzo, -ilz” speak, similar in some ways to , was developed by African Americans around the period of the Harlem Renaissance, with hotspots of the speak in Oakland, New York City, and Philadelphia. It was partially developed as young African American girls improvised chants and nursery rhymes while jumping rope, with the -iz dialect serving to add syllables when necessary to maintain the rhythm. A similar -iz dialect has also been used by carnies (carnival workers).
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (slang) A slang suffix to form hip-hop-sounding words, which replaces the word with the first sound of the word followed by -izzle.
    • 2004, Hollywood Reporter, British judge: nizzle-shizzling not an offense A bewigged British judge ruled on Thursday that the lyrics of a rap record urging the listener to “shizzle my nizzle” and referring to a “mish mish man” did not constitute an offense.
    • February 15 2005, , Shortcuts Snoop Dogg has always had a refreshing take on British culture. When he met Rod Hull and Emu on The Word, for instance, he took exception to the overindulged bird’s lunge at his genitals (or “lizzle at his gizzle”, to use Snoop’s parlance). After a short struggle, the rapper’s foot rested on the bird-handler’s neck. If only Parky had been so proactive.
J pronunciation
  • /d͡ʒeɪ/
  • {{rhymes}}
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
  • In some names beginning with "J" of northern or eastern European origin, "J" is pronounced as a "Y", for example in the former country of Jugoslavia, which in English more recently is more commonly spelled as Yugoslavia.
  • In Spanish names and loanword beginning with "J", the "J" is usually pronounced as an "H", for example in the name Julio.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A marijuana cigarette ('joint'). I stepped outside to smoke myself a J. — , from the song "Late in the Evening"
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{en-abbr}}
  1. abbreviation of journal
  2. (legal) abbreviation of Judge or justice It is used after a name (plural JJ). 1990: O'Loughlin JPeabody v Commissioner of Taxation, Federal Court of Australia report
  3. As a prefix, Japanese (J-pop, J-rock, J-drama, etc.).
  4. (UK, road transport) junction The Highways Agency plan to close J10 of the M5 to refurbish the motorway bridge.
related terms:
  • CJ
  • The name of this letter is spelled jay or jy (formerly and in Scotland), plural jays
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
  • In Spanish language loanword and names, "j" is pronounced as an "h", for example in fajita and Julio.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A term for a marijuana cigarette ('joint'). "I went outside to smoke myself a J" — , from the song "Late in the Evening" from the album, "One Trick Pony."
  2. (mathematics) An alternative version of i, the positive square root of -1; used in the context of electronics.
  3. (mathematics) The second unit vector, after i
J. Random
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (computing, slang) An unspecified person; any old person (followed by a generic role). J. Random User J. Random Hacker
suffix: {{en-suffix}}
  1. (colloquial) You, ya; only used after a [d] sound.
related terms:
  • -cha
jab {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /dʒæb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A quick stab or blow
  2. (boxing) A short straight punch.
    • {{quote-news}} American Ward was too quick and too slick for his British rival, landing at will with razor sharp jabs and hooks and even bullying Froch at times.
  3. (British) A medical injection. Our dog was exposed to rabies, so the whole family went to a clinic to get our jabs.
  4. (US, figurative) A verbal annoyance.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To poke or thrust abruptly, or to make such a motion.
  2. To deliver a quick punch.
  3. (slang, UK) To give someone an injection
Jabba the Hutt Alternative forms: Jabba the Hut etymology Coined after the character Jabba the Hutt, a large, sluglike alien crime lord in the Star Wars film saga.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, sometimes attributive) Something very large or bloated; a fat person.
    • 1992, "Which Elvis goes on stamp", The Milwaukee Sentinel, 26 February 1992: It may be painful to remember that the latter day Elvis, he of the Las Vegas leer, became a besequined Jabba the Hutt, a virtual caricature of himself.
    • 2000, Sheldon Siegel, Special Circumstances‎, Bantam (2001), ISBN 0553581929, page 11: He nods in the direction of our client, Vince Russo, an oily-looking man about Joel's age who has jammed his Jabba the Hutt torso into the chair at the table next to Holmes.
    • 2009, "The downside of a federal stimulus package gone local", Peoria Journal Star, 9 February 2009: In small towns that merely want a fire station out of this Jabba the Hutt of a stimulus package, that's about as much as they can ever hope for insofar as a return on the dollars their local taxpayers send to Washington, D.C.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: Jabba, See also .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who jabber. Ned was a horrible jabberer about Star Trek; I could hardly get a word in edgewise around his incomprehensible techno-babble.
Synonyms: babbler, chatterbox
jabberfest etymology jabber + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A period of time where people indulge in mindless conversation.
    • {{quote-news}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (professional wrestling slang) a performer whose primary role is to lose to established talent.
    • {{quote-book }}
Synonyms: jobber
etymology {{rfe}}
Jack {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /dʒæk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Popular pet form of John through a Middle English form Jankin; rarely also an anglicized form of French Jacques (equivalent of Jacob and James). Though the name was originally a pet form, it has become more of an independent name.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name, also used as a pet form of John.
    • ~1593 William Shakespeare: Richard III: Act I, Scene III: Since every Jack became a gentleman there's many a gentle person made a Jack.
    • 1895 Oscar Wilde: The Importance of Being Earnest: JACK. Well, really, Gwendolen, I must say that I think that there are lots of other much nicer names. I think Jack, for instance, a charming name. GWENDOLEN. Jack?...No, there is very little music in the name Jack, if any at all, indeed. It does not thrill. It produces absolutely no vibrations...I have known several Jacks, and they all, without exception, were more than usually plain. Besides, Jack is a notorious domesticity for John!
etymology 2 From the common name above.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) a placeholder or conventional name for any man, particularly a younger, lower-class man
  2. (informal, archaic) a Jack Tar, a sailor
    • 1899, , , When he went home on leave he rioted on a large scale—pompously. Jack ashore—with a difference—in externals only.
  3. (informal, archaic) a Jack Rum, a soldier
Despite being a common noun, the word is still treated as a name and capitalized as such. The name is most often used with a descriptive "surname", showing the type of lad intended.
etymology 3
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang) Jack Daniel's, a brand of American whiskey.
    • 2009, "Ke$ha" (Kesha Rose Sebert), Tik Tok (song) Before I leave, brush my teeth with a bottle of Jack.
jack {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /dʒæk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English jakke, from the name Jack, from Old French Jacques
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A mechanical device used to raise and (temporarily) support a heavy object, e.g. screw jack, scissor jack, hydraulic jack, ratchet jack, scaffold jack. She used a jack to lift her car and changed the tire.
  2. A man or men in general. Every man jack.
  3. A male animal.
  4. A male ass.
  5. (card games) The card ranking between the ten and queen of any suit, picturing a knave or prince on its face. In some card games has a value of eleven based on its rank, but in many card games has a value of ten like the ten, queen, and king cards. Also called a knave.
  6. (archaic) A knave (a servant or later, a deceitful man).
    • 1799, THE SCOTS MAGAZINE OR GENERAL REPOSITORY OF LITERATURE, HISTORY, AND POLITICS, 171,, Fly may signify a winged insect, or part of a Jack. Jack itself is sometimes a roaster of meat, and at others a contraction of John, a knave, a Japan mug, or an instrument to draw off boots.
  7. {{taxlink}}, related to the mango tree.
  8. A surface-mounted connector for electrical, especially telecommunications, equipment. telephone jack
  9. (sports) A target ball in bowls, etc; a jack-ball.
    • {{rfdate}}, Sir Walter Scott like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the jack by delivering his bowl straight forward upon it
  10. (games) A small, six-pointed playing piece used in the game of jacks.
  11. (colloquial, euphemistic) Nothing, jack shit. You haven't done jack. Get up and get this room cleaned up right now!
  12. (nautical) A small flag at the bow of a ship.
  13. (nautical) A naval ensign flag flown from the main mast, mizzen mast, or the aft-most major mast of (especially) British sailing warships; Union Jack.
  14. (military) A coarse and cheap medieval coat of defense, especially one made of leather.
    • 1786, “The aketon, gambeson, vambasium, and jack were military vestments, calculated for the defence of the body, differing little from each other, except in their names, their materials and construction were nearly the same, the authorities quoted in the notes, shew they were all composed of many folds of linen, stuffed with cotton, wool or hair, quilted, and commonly covered with leather, made of buck or doe skin.”, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 15
  15. A penny with a head on both sides, used for cheating. (Reference: Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 243.)
  16. (slang) Money.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, page 133: First off Regan carried fifteen grand, packed it in his clothes all the time. Real money, they tell me. Not just a top card and a bunch of hay. That's a lot of jack [...].
  17. (slang, Appalachians) A smooth often ovoid large gravel or small cobble in a natural water course.
  18. A common name for the freshwater pike, {{vern}} or pickerel.
  19. A large California rockfish.
  20. Any marine fish or the species of the Carangidae family.
  21. (obsolete, nautical) A sailor, a jacktar.
  22. (obsolete) A pitcher or can of wax leather, supposed to resemble a jackboot; a black-jack. {{rfquotek}}
  23. (UK, dialect, obsolete) A drinking measure holding half a pint or, sometimes, a quarter of a pint. {{rfquotek}}
  24. A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine.
    1. A device to pull off boots.
    2. A sawhorse or sawbuck.
    3. A machine for turning a spit; a smokejack.
    4. (mining) A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting.
    5. A lever for depressing the sinker which push the loops down on the needles in a knitting machine.
    6. A grating to separate and guide the threads in a warping machine; a heck box.
    7. A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine.
    8. A compact, portable machine for planing metal.
    9. A machine for slicking or pebbling leather.
    10. A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed.
    11. A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught.
    12. In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; also called hopper.
    13. In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself. {{rfquotek}}
    14. (nautical) A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; also called jack crosstree. {{rfquotek}}
  25. Female ended electrical connector (see )
  26. Electrical connector in a fixed position (see )
Synonyms: (playing card) knave, (male ass) jackass
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To use a jack. He jacked the car up so that he could replace the brake pads.
  2. (transitive) To raise or increase. If you want to jack your stats you just write off failures as invalid results.
  3. To produce by freeze distillation; to distil (an alcohol beverage) by freezing it and removing the ice (which is water), leaving the alcohol (which remains liquid).
    • 1941, Esquire, volume 15, issues 1-3, page 176: Fruit of the orchard has been "jacked" these many generations, with Plymouth Rockers putting the hard cider barrel down into the ground to freeze, and …
    • 2010, Scott Mansfield, Strong Waters: A Simple Guide to Making Beer, Wine, Cider ... (ISBN 1615191127) The potency of a jacked beverage depends on the temperature applied to the original beverage; the colder the liquor, the more water can be frozen out …. In New England, where this technique was historically used, people could get applejack to around 30 percent alcohol ….
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To steal something, typically an automobile. Contraction of carjacking Someone jacked my car last night!
  5. (intransitive) To dance by moving the torso forward and backward in a rippling motion.
etymology 2 {{etystub}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang, baseball) To hit (the ball) hard; especially, to hit (the ball) out of the field, producing a home run.
    • 1986, in Arete: The Journal of Sport Literature, Volume 4, Sport Literature Association: An excellent piece of work, Wayne thought, so good in fact, he wasn’t surprised when Bailey walked to the plate and on the first pitch jacked the ball far into the parking lot outside the left-field fence for a tournament winning homerun.
    • 2004, Wayne Stewart, Hitting Secrets of the Pros: Big League Sluggers Reveal the Tricks of Their Trade, McGraw-Hill Professional, ISBN 9780071418249, page 90: Therefore, even though Vizquel is certainly not a power hitter, at times he will try to jack the ball, perhaps pulling it with just enough oomph to carry down the line for a homer.
    • {{ante}} Jim McManus, quoted in T.J. Lewis, A View from the Mound: My Father’s Life in Baseball, (publisher, 2008), ISBN 9781435714861, page 107: Maybe he hung a curve ball to somebody and they jacked it out of the park on him and he wasn’t upset about it.
etymology 3 French jaque, jacque, perhaps from the proper name Jacques. Compare jacquerie.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A coarse mediaeval coat of defence, especially one made of leather.
    • Sir J. Harrington Their horsemen are with jacks for most part clad.
etymology 4
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A jackfruit tree.
jackal etymology From Turkish çakal, from Persian شغال 〈sẖgẖạl〉, from Sanskrit सृगाल 〈sr̥gāla〉 [ "jackal."] Online Etymology Dictionary. 2008. pronunciation {{wikipedia}}
  • {{audio}}
  • /ˈdʒækəl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any of several wild canine species, native to the tropical Old World, smaller than a wolf.
  2. A person who performs menial/routine tasks, dogsbody
  3. (pejorative) A person who behaves in an opportunistic way; especially a base collaborator.
  4. (slang, rare) A jack (the playing card.)
  • black-backed jackal
    • Cape jackal
    • East African Jackal
  • golden jackal
  • side-striped jackal
  • canid
related terms:
  • American jackal the coyote
  • simian jackal the Ethiopian Wolf
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To perform menial or routine tasks
    • 1800, Pamphlets on British Taxation: They have jackalled for the great beast, to pick in turns the bones of each other; they have subserved those above, to oppress and defraud those below; and they are suffering, and, so far as classes can, justly suffering their purgation.
jackanapery etymology jackanapes + ery
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated, pejorative) The behaviour of a jackanapes.
jackanapes Alternative forms: jack-a-napes etymology 1450, from “Jack of Naples”, with “of Naples” rendered “a Napes” in vernacular. Originally rendered as Jac Napes, Jac Nape, and Jack Napis in 1450s. Presumably from *Jak a Napes, and original *Jak of Naples, presumably circa 1400. Monkeys were one of many exotic goods from Naples exhibited in Britain, hence acquired the nickname Jack a Napes. In sense “upstart person”, applied to 15th century William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, one of the first nouveau riche nobles (risen from merchant class). The family used a collar and chain on their coat of arms, which was an unfortunate choice, as this was more associated with monkey leashes, leading to the derisive nickname Jack Napis for de la Pole, yielding the insult. Later mis-analyzed as Jack-an-apes (16th and 17th century), leading to folk etymology (taking “ape” from “monkey”). The same process and mis-analysis occurred for fustian of Naples, which became fustian a napes, fustian anapes, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A monkey.
  2. (dated, pejorative) An impudent or mischievous person.
  3. plural of jackanape
jackanapes is originally the singular form, though it is also analyzed as a plural (due to the -s), and hence jackanape was formed as a singular backformation.
  • {{seeCites}}
jackassed etymology From jackass + ed.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (vulgar) Of, pertaining to, or being a jackass.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of jackass
jackboot {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A glossy leather calf-covering military boot, commonly associated with German soldier of the WWII era
  2. (informal) The spirit that motivate a totalitarian or overly militaristic regime or policy That country has been under the jackboot of the military for years.
  • bootjack
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) high on drugs or stimulant.
  2. (slang) broken, imperfect, especially when followed by 'up'. (See jacked up) This computer is so jacked up, I'm surprised it can still turn on!
  3. (slang) strong and/or muscled. Wow, that guy is jacked!
Synonyms: (strong and/or muscled) ripped
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) en-past of jack (stole) Dude, he just jacked my bike!
jacked up Alternative forms: jacked-up etymology From jack.
  • “Wrecked, messed up” sense possibly an extension of the “under the influence of stimulants” sense
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Hoisted, lifted off the ground, or propped up using a jack. Do you want to rotate the tires while we have the car jacked up?
  2. (slang, automotive) Describes a 4x4 automobile that has a "lift kit", raising the body and/or frame higher than stock. He took us for a ride in his awesome new jacked up truck.
  3. (informal) Significantly increased or expanded. It's hard to make ends meet with the jacked up price of gas. The new jacked up triple-barrel cannons helped turn the tide of the war.
  4. (slang) Under the influence of stimulant; high. They were all jacked up on coke.
  5. (slang) Stimulated, excited.
    • 2002 July 15, Kevin Boyce, Loud Rock, CMJ New Music Report, [http//|most+jacked+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PrCOT66SNIOjiAej4N3gDA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20jacked%20up%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 13], Late summer is going to be a fantastic time to be a metal fan and we′re more jacked-up about it than a truckload of nymphomaniacs let loose in a dildo factory.
    • 2010, Smokie Brannaman, Equiknowlogy 101, [http//|most+jacked+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PrCOT66SNIOjiAej4N3gDA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20jacked%20up%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 68], The longer I ride my horse, the more jacked-up he gets. Why?
    • 2011, Wayne LaPointe, Jose Martinez, Radical, [http//|most+jacked+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PrCOT66SNIOjiAej4N3gDA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22more|most%20jacked%20up%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 272], To see everything that I have seen and to hear everything I heard in only a few minutes after kicking off made me even more excited and more jacked up to do this march.
  6. (slang) Wrecked; damaged; ruined; injured. That jacked up refrigerator hasn't moved from that curb in months. My elbow is all jacked up from playing tennis.
  7. (slang) Reprehensible; objectionable. Dude that's jacked up your girlfriend left you for your brother.
  8. (obsolete, dialect, West England and Australia) Bankrupt; insolvent; ruined; done for.
  9. (obsolete, dialect, West England and Australia) Absent, having quit, given up, or having abandon one's post.
  • Frequently employed as a bowdlerization, or substitution, for fucked up.
Synonyms: (wrecked, damaged) screwed up, messed up, fucked up, (reprehensible, objectionable) screwed up, messed up, fucked up
verb: jacked up
  1. en-past of jack up
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Ireland, slang) A person from Dublin.
    • 1916, , , Macmillan Press Ltd, paperback, page 90 To the sellers in the market, to the barmen and barmaids, to the beggars who importuned him for a lob Mr Dedalus told the same tale, that he was an old Corkonian, that he had been trying for thirty years to get rid of his Cork accent up in Dublin and that Peter Pickakafax beside him was his eldest son but that he was only a Dublin jackeen.
jacket {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle French jacquet, diminutive of Old French jaque. pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈdʒæk.ɪt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A piece of clothing worn on the upper body outside a shirt or blouse, often waist length to thigh length.
  2. A piece of a person's suit, beside trousers and, sometimes, waistcoat ; coat (US)
  3. A removable or replaceable protective or insulating cover for an object (eg a book, hot water tank.)
  4. (slang) A police record.
    • 1995, , 00:26:00: "We got a crowd of black, white customers, out-of-state license plates, what have you. Somebody gonna check that out. They gonna drop a dime on me, call 911. With my jacket, I can't go back to jail."
    • 1995, , 00:43:50: "Yo's jacket shows possession with intent, possession of unlicensed firearm, and assault, for which he still owes three years."
  5. (military) In ordnance, a strengthening band surrounding and reinforcing the tube in which the charge is fired.
Synonyms: (piece of a person's suit) coat (US), (removable protective cover) sleeve
  • Irish: seaicéad
  • Japanese: ジャケット 〈jaketto〉
  • Korean: 재킷 〈jaekis〉
  • Mandarin: 夾克 〈jiā kè〉, 夹克 〈jiā kè〉
  • Scottish Gaelic: seacaid
  • Welsh: siaced
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To enclose or encase in a jacket or other covering.
    • 1897, Alexander James Wallis-Tayler, Motor Cars Or Power-carriages for Common Roads loss of heat...there is also a layer of silicate cotton or slag wool. This latter material is also employed to jacket the chimney for a certain portion of its length.
jackhole etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) An obnoxious or contemptible person.
    • 2003, "Nickolas", Planet X Bull (on Internet newsgroup sci.astro) Now I hear some of you jackholes want to sue Nancy...HA! good luck!
jack-in-office Alternative forms: jack in office
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) A self-important but minor official.
Synonyms: jack guardant (archaic), petty functionary
  • bureaucrat, official, see also:
jack-knife {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: jackknife (Note: the two spellings appear roughly equally common.)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A compact fold knife. He kept a jack-knife in his pocket for various tasks.
  2. The front-dive pike, in which the body folds and unfolds. It took me hundreds of dives to master even the simple jackknife
  3. (colloquial) A semi-trailer truck accident in which the vehicle mimic the closing of a jack-knife. I have seen several jack-knives along that dangerous stretch of road.
  4. (statistics) alternative spelling of jackknife
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To fold in the middle, as a jackknife does. The cat jackknifed in the air and landed gracefully on its feet.
    • 2009, Reif Larsen, The Selected Works of T.S. Spivet, Pinguin Books, p. 37: There was a world inside that tall grass. You could plop yourself down in the middle of it with the scraggly stems against the back of your neck and the endless grasses rising up and jackknifing against the bigbluesky, and the ranch and all of its players would fade into a distant dream.
  2. (colloquial) To cause a semi-trailer truck to fold like a jackknife in a traffic accident. Before I knew what was happening, I'd jack-knifed the truck like nobody's business. Before I knew what was happening, I'd jack-knifed.
Jacko {{wikipedia}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) A nickname for a person whose name is Jack, whose surname is Jackson, or similar.
  • Kojac
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A jerkoff mean nasty, or obnoxious person.
  2. (slang) A lazy and unmotivated person.
jack off
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial, vulgar, pejorative, usually, a male) An annoying person or one who has committed a transgression with no or insufficient apology; a jerk, an asshole.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (reflexive, intransitive, colloquial) To masturbate. After I jacked off, I came.
  2. (transitive, colloquial, somewhat, vulgar) To manually stimulate someone sexually, generally a male.
jacks {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /dʒæks/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. plural of jack
  2. (games) A children's game involving picking up objects while a ball is in the air.
  3. (Ireland, slang) A toilet, from jakes.
  4. (poker slang) A pair of jacks.
jack shit Alternative forms: Jack shit, Jack all
pronoun: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar) nothing, anything exampleYou [don't] know jack shit about politics. ("don't" is optional)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, UK) alternative spelling of jacksy
jacksy Alternative forms: jacksie, jaxie, jaxy
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, British) Backside
  2. (slang, British) Buttocks
  • Y-jacks
jack the lad
noun: {{head}}
  1. (British, slang) An irresponsible young man, seeking personal pleasure without regard to responsibilities. A rogue. You seem to think you're a bit of a jack the lad, don't you?
jack up etymology
  • Sense of “hoist with a jack” is from 1885; then, “increase prices, etc.” (1904, American English); both ultimately from noun jack
  • “Screw up, mess up” sense derived from, or influenced by fuck up, as a bowdlerization; also possibly influenced by jacked up
  • Jack up first dialectical idiomatic meaning: “abandon, give up” (1873), possibly a corruption of chuck up, as chuck up the sponge (“give up, concede, give token of submission”)
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To raise, hoist, or lift a thing using a jack, or similar means. He jacked the car up to change the tire. The oil rig can be jacked up higher when the hydraulic legs touch the sea floor.
    • 1907, United States Circuit Courts of Appeals Reports, Volume 82, [http//|%22jacking+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22jacks+up%22|%22jacking+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6jeMT6zXEoyOmQXv8tnoCQ&redir_esc=y page 433], Nor was there any proof that they had been improperly used in jacking up the end of the car.
    • 1916, Engineering and Contracting, Volume 45, [http//|%22jacking+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22jacks+up%22|%22jacking+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=tzmMT_iMIqv3mAXU75HPCQ&redir_esc=y page 113], From this time forward the overhang to the east of the center row was carried entirely on the clay, the shoring screws from the G and H piers having been removed to assist in jacking up at the west side.
    • 1987 August, A. K. Hamlin, letter to Homeowners′ Clinic, , [http//|%22jacking+up%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vDuMT5_dMOTCmQWo-NDACQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22jacks%20up%22|%22jacking%20up%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 109], How can I secure them without jacking up the whole house to get the bolts in?
  2. (informal) To raise, increase, or accelerate; often said of price, fee, or rate. I can't believe they're going to jack up the price of gasoline again — and after they already raised it twenty cents a gallon!
  3. (colloquial) To ruin; wreck; mess up; screw up; sometimes as a bowdlerize substitution for fuck up. I'm not letting him use my computer again; he always jacks it up.
  4. (obsolete, transitive and intransitive, dialect, West England and Australia) To give up; to abandon (something); to jig up, throw up, chuck up (give up, concede); to discontinue; to leave a job, break a contract; to jack in
    • 1881?, Garnet Walch, A Little Tin Plate, Google Books Says I, “Let's jack up, man alive, / An' try further down on the Creek!” / “All right!” says my mate, “but we'll drive / Right an' left to the end of this week.”
    • 1888, Thomas Alexander Browne, Robbery Under Arms, , Google Books Not but what I'd had a lot to bear, and took a deal of punishment before he jacked up.
    • 1900, John Strange Winter, A Self-Made Countess: The Justification of a Husband, page 201 alternate source “I don't think I shall enter for the Point to Point this year, because we're going to jack up.” “Going to jack up what?” asked one, while the others looked up enquiringly. “We're going to jack up the Service. […]”
  5. (NZ) To organise something.
  6. (basketball, colloquial) To shoot, especially in the context of a poor shot opportunity.
  • Usually, the object may appear before or after the particle (jack up the car or jack the car up)
  • If the object is a pronoun, then it must come before the particle (jack it up, not jack up it)
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang, derogatory) An objectionable person; a jerk; a jackass.
Jacky Alternative forms: Jackie, Jacqui
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A diminutive of the male given name Jack or John.
  2. A diminutive of the female given name Jacqueline.
  3. (Australia, ethnic slur, offensive) An aborigine.
Synonyms: abo, boong
  • Y-jack
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A sailor.
    • Winston Churchill, A Traveller in Wartime Up and down that street on a bright Saturday afternoon may be seen our Middle Western jackies chumming with the British sailors and Tommies, or flirting with the Irish girls, or gazing through the little panes of the show-windows …
  2. (UK, dialect, archaic) English gin.
    • W. S. Gilbert, H.M.S. Pinafore I've snuff, and tobacky, / And excellent jacky.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (sometimes, derogatory) To convert to Jacobinism. France was not then jacobinized. — Burke.
{{Webster 1913}}
Jacobs {{wikipedia}}
etymology 1
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. {{surname}} derived from Jacob.
etymology 2 Cockney rhyming slang - Jacob's Cream Crackers (a brand of crackers) = knackers Alternative forms: jacobs
noun: Jacobs
  1. (UK, slang) Testicles (sometimes spelt Jacob's).
Synonyms: See also .
jade {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /d​͡ʒeɪd/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From French le jade, error for earlier l'ejade, from Spanish piedra de ijada, via vl *iliata from Latin ilia (Jade was thought to cure pains in the side.).{{R:Online Etymology Dictionary|jade}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{senseid}}(uncountable) A semiprecious stone, either nephrite or jadeite, generally green or white in color, often used for carving figurines.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. A bright shade of slightly bluish or greyish green, typical of polished jade stones. {{color panel}}
Synonyms: (color) jade green, (stone) jadestone / jade stone, yu
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of a grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.
etymology 2 From Middle English, either a variant of yaudEric Partridge, ''Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English (ISBN 1134942168, 2006) or merely influenced by it. yaud derives from Old Norse jalda, from a urj language, such as Moksha эльде 〈élʹde〉 or Erzya эльде 〈élʹde〉.Per Thorson, ''Anglo-Norse studies: an inquiry into the Scandinavian elements in the modern English dialects'', volume 1 (1936), page 52: "Yad sb. Sc Nhb Lakel Yks Lan, also in forms ''yaad'', ''yaud'', ''yawd'', ''yoad'', ''yod(e)''.... [jad, o] 'a work-horse, a mare' etc. ON ''jalda'' 'made', Sw. dial. ''jäldä'', from Finnish ''elde'' (FT p. 319, Torp p. 156 fol.). Eng. ''jade'' is not related."''Saga Book of the Viking Society for Northern Research'', page 18: "There is thus no etymological connection between ME. ''jāde'' MnE. ''jade'' and ME. ''jald'' MnE. dial. ''yaud'' etc. But the two words have influenced each other mutually, both formally and semantically." See yaud for more.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A horse too old to be put to work.
  2. (especially, pejorative) A woman.
    • 1598, “You always end with a jade’s trick: I know you of old.”, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing
Synonyms: (old horse) yaud, Finnish: fi, German: de, de, de, de, Hungarian: hu, Italian: it, Polish: pl, pl, Romanian: ro, ro, Russian: ru, Volapük: (male or female) vo, Finnish: fi, Russian: ru
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To tire, weary or fatigue
    • John Locke The mind, once jaded by an attempt above its power, … checks at any vigorous undertaking ever after.
  2. (obsolete) To treat like a jade; to spurn. {{rfquotek}}
  3. (obsolete) To make ridiculous and contemptible.
    • Shakespeare I do now fool myself, to let imagination jade me.
Synonyms: See also
jadrool etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US, Italian American) a loser; a bum.
    • 1987, : Tony: So he says, "My wife’s a pain in the ass. She's always bustin’ my friggin’ agates. My daughter’s married to a jadrool loser bastard. I got a rash so bad on my ass, I can't even sit down. But you know me, I can't complain."
Jafaican {{wikipedia}} etymology {{blend}} pronunciation
  • (RP) {{enPR}}, /dʒəˈfeɪkən/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal, also used attributively) Multicultural London English
    • 2006, June: Archibald St John Smith, How British is That?!: The Eccentric British Guide Book, pages 33–34 (Crombie Jardine Publishing Limited; ISBN 1905102720) Forget Cockney, Brummie, Geordie and Scouse, according to the Daily Mail — who else? — Jafaican is laying siege to our inner-city accents and is infiltrating the sacred English language. Soon we may all be familiar with creps (trainers), yard (home), yoot (child), blud (mate) and bitch (girlfriend).
    • 2007, March 16th: Debbie Stowe and Paul Stump, Who is Borat?: The Unauthorized Biography of Sacha Baron Cohen, page 122 (Barnes & Noble; ISBN 076079281X, 9780760792810) … from Cockney, or East London, terminology to a style called “Jafaican”, which has elements of Jamaican and African street talk.
    • 2007, June 28th: María Alvarez, Mirror, Mirror, page 88 (Fig Tree; ISBN 1905490062, 9781905490066) She is frowning, hiding her nervousness of Suzy’s presence behind the Jafaican babble.
    • 2007, December 17th: Bobby Smith and Margaret Oshindele-Smith, One Love Two Colours: The Unlikely Marriage of a Punk Rocker and His African Queen, pages 197–198 (Troubador Publishing Ltd; ISBN 9781906221393) One part of segregation not immediately obvious is language. I do not mean someone unable to speak the English language, although that is another variation on it; I mean the usage of ‘street’ talk or ‘Jafaican’ as it is sometimes referred to.
    • 2008, January: Janet Holmes, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, page 413 (3rd edition; Pearson Education; ISBN 1405821310, 9781405821315) In the early section of this chapter, I discussed attitudes to British Patois, a variety used by members of the West Indian community in Britain. While attitudes are always changing, and new varieties of Black English, such as Jafaican, are said to be developing, […]
    • {{ante}} Ignacio Ramos, A. Jesús Moya Guijarro, and José Ignacio Albentosa Hernández [eds.], New Trends in English Teacher Education, page 209 (Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha; ISBN 9788484276531) In terms of its characteristics, MLE is anchored to a large extent in Jamaican Creole, throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s a competitor to Cockney. But Kerswill et al report that it has now encompassed and synthesized elements of everything from Cockney and African English to Hindi, Bangladeshi languages and Arabic. For this reasons it is sometimes called, erroneously, “Hinglish” or “Jafaican”.
Jaffa Alternative forms: Joppa, Yafo etymology From Arabic يافا 〈yạfạ〉.‎ pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A port in western Israel
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Jaffa orange.
    • 2005, Barbara Anderson, Collected stories They were together, at the flicks on Saturday night, eating Jaffas and smiling at each other occasionally in the dark.
related terms:
  • Jaffa cake
  • Jaffa orange
jaffa etymology From Jaffa, an ancient port city in Israel from where the oranges were exported.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A type of sweet orange, normally seedless.
  2. (slang) An impotent or infertile male. The term comes from the "seedless" orange "I've heard he's a jaffa."
  3. (cricket) A ball that is very difficult for the batsman to hit because it moves erratically either through the air or off the pitch
  4. (NZ), (AU) A type of confectionery consisting of a sphere of chocolate in a red casing.
Jag etymology Shortening of Jaguar. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A Jaguar car.
  • JGA
jaggedy etymology jagged + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) jagged
    • 1997, Susannah Leigh, Brenda Haw, Uncle Pete's Pirate Adventure Can you help Uncle Pete find a way through the jaggedy rocks to the island?
    • 2008, Sarah Weeks, Oggie Cooder Then as Donnica turned the cheese in her hands, Oggie caught a glimpse of what looked like a very jaggedy edge and suddenly he felt nervous for her.
jaggies {{wikipedia}} etymology jaggy or jagged with diminutive -ie and plural -s. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (computer graphics, informal) Jagged artifact in raster graphics, such as those caused by resizing a bitmap image without preserving its aspect ratio.
    • 1999, Brent Heslop, David Angell, Rick Darnell, Microsoft Word 2000 Bible The anti-alias option in image editors helps to eliminate the jaggies.
    • 2007, Pulli et al, Mobile 3D Graphics: With OpenGL ES and M3G Edge antialiasing only works at the edges of primitives, but jaggies can happen also at intersections of polygons.
jagoff etymology Corruption of jackoff.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, slang) An irritating, inept, or repugnant person.
Synonyms: dickwad, douchebag, fuckhead, idiot, jerk, wanker
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) A rude or obnoxious person; a jerk.
    • 2012, Adrienne Giordano, Relentless Pursuit, Carina Press (2012), ISBN 9781426894206, page 65: And who was the country club jagweed with her?
    • 2013, Clara Richter, "It's not feminism, it's humanism", The Carroll News (John Carroll University), Volume 90, Number 5,10 October 2013, page 19: Granted, getting hooted at by a bunch of mysogynistic{{sic}} jagweeds in a car is different than getting sexually assaulted.
    • 2014, Neryl Joyce, Mercenary Mum: My Journey from Young Mother to Baghdad Bodyguard, Nero (2014), ISBN 9781922231765, unnumbered page: Stu started to see the leaders as the lazy jagweeds they were.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
jailbait Alternative forms: gaolbait (rare), jail bait, jail-bait etymology jail + bait, from the risk of a prison sentence. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈdʒeɪlbeɪt/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A sexually attractive person, usually a female, who is sexually mature but below the legal age of consent; so named because the penalty for adult sexual intercourse with such a person is usually imprisonment.
    • {{quote-news}}
Synonyms: lolita, nymph, nymphet, nymphette (female)
jailer pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
Alternative forms: jailor, gaoler (obsolete), gaolor
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who enforce confinement in a jail or prison.
Synonyms: corrections officer, guard, warden, warder
jailhouse lawyer {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A person incarcerate in a prison, jail, etc who has acquired significant knowledge of the justice system and who is able to represent himself in some legal proceeding and to provide legal advice to other prisoners.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    • 2013, Nicole Hendrix, ‎James Inciardi, Experience Criminal Justice, page 325: Thus, the justices held that unless the state could provide some reasonable alternative type of legal assistance, a jailhouse lawyer must be permitted to aid inmates in filing habeas corpus petitions.
jake pronunciation
  • (UK) /dʒeɪk/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Adequate; satisfactory; acceptable.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 126: ‘What do you care? Just keep your nose clean and everything will be jake.’
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US) A juvenile male turkey.
    • 1998, Jerome B Robinson, In the Turkey Woods The spring turkey woods are occupied by roaming bands of jakes — year-old males with strong mating urges but inferior body size.
jake brake {{wikipedia}} etymology From JakeBrakeTM brand compression brakes. Though a brand name, this term is often used to refer to the device in general.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Especially on trucks, an engine compression brake that closes the valves in an engine in order to slow the vehicle; an engine retarder.
jam pronunciation
  • /d​͡ʒæm/
  • {{audio}} - fruit spread
  • {{audio}} - verb
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{homophones}}
etymology 1 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A sweet mixture of fruit boiled with sugar and allowed to congeal. Often spread on bread or toast or used in jam tart.
  2. (countable) A difficult situation. I’m in a jam right now. Can you help me out?
    • 1975, Bob Dylan, Tangled Up in Blue She was married when we first met Soon to be divorced I helped her out of a jam, I guess But I used a little too much force.
  3. (countable) Blockage, congestion. A traffic jam caused us to miss the game's first period. a jam of logs in a river
  4. (countable, popular music) An informal, impromptu performance or rehearsal.
  5. (countable, baseball) A difficult situation for a pitcher or defending team. He's in a jam now, having walked the bases loaded with the cleanup hitter coming to bat.
  6. (countable, basketball) A forceful dunk.
  7. (countable, roller derby) A play during which points can be scored. Toughie scored four points in that jam.
  8. (climbing, countable) Any of several maneuvers requiring wedging of an extremity into a tight space. I used a whole series of fist and foot jams in that crack.
  9. (UK) luck. He's got more jam than Waitrose.
  10. (mining) alternative form of jamb
Synonyms: (sweet mixture of fruit) conserve, (US) jelly, preserve, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To get something stuck in a confined space. My foot got jammed in a gap between the rocks. Her poor little baby toe got jammed in the door. I jammed the top knuckle of my ring finger.
  2. To brusquely force something into a space; cram, squeeze. They temporarily stopped the gas tank leak by jamming a piece of taffy into the hole. The rush-hour train was jammed with commuters.
  3. To cause congestion or blockage. Often used with "up" A single accident can jam the roads for hours.
  4. To block or confuse a broadcast signal.
  5. (baseball) To throw a pitch at or near the batter's hands. Jones was jammed by the pitch.
  6. (music) To play music (especially improvisation as a group, or an informal unrehearsed session).
  7. To injure a finger or toe by sudden compression of the digit's tip. When he tripped on the step he jammed his toe.
  8. (roller derby) To attempt to score points. Toughie jammed four times in the second period.
  9. (nautical) To bring (a vessel) so close to the wind that half her upper sails are laid aback. {{rfquotek}}
  10. (Canadian, informal) To give up on a date or some joint endeavour; stand up, chicken out, jam out.
Synonyms: ram
etymology 2 Persian or Hindi, meaning "garment, robe"; related to pajamas.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated) A kind of frock for child.
jamboree {{wikipedia}} etymology unknown 19th century American slang. Chosen by Baden-Powell in 1919 for use in Scout Movement. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈdʒæm.bəˌɹiː/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A lavish or boisterous celebration or party.
  2. (dated, slang) A frolic or spree. {{rfquotek}}
    • W. A. Fraser A Calcutta-made pony cart had been standing in front of the manager's bungalow when Raja Singh started on his jamboree.
  3. A large rally of Scouts or Guides.
related terms:
  • jamborette
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An American of Jamaican birth or ancestry
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Characteristic of such people or their culture
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) pajama a jammie party
    •, 1593376278, page 15 , “It's also important for a jammie to have easy access during diaper changes, especially if you're trying to change your kid in the middle of the night without waking him up.”
  • Jemima
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) pajamas/pyjamas
    • 2009, Arlene Gorey, My Spanking Diary - Page 28 I was just in my pajamas and slippers, and I blushed because she was looking at me. Then she whispered, "Take off your jammies, and love me up good, Arlene. Please, I want you to."
    • 1961, Patricia McLaine, Love Is Contagious, Dramatists Play Service, Inc., ISBN 0822206935, page 48, GUY: I've always worn jammies. Don't think I'd feel right without 'em. SAM [Tosses pajamas to Guy L.]: Then you wear them.
  2. plural of jammy
jamming {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of jam
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act or process of jamming.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Great; awesome.
    • 2006, Cupcake Brown, A piece of cake All I knew was it sho was a jamming party!
jammy pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Resembling jam in taste, texture, etc.
  2. Covered in jam. a child's jammy fingers
  3. (colloquial) Of a person, lucky.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A gun.
jamoke etymology Appearing at the end of the 19th century as a {{blend}}, by the 1920s it became slang for someone who lacked mental abilities beyond that of a cup of coffee, probably influenced by moke. In the 1960s it also began to be used as slang for male genitalia. This term may be the origin of cup of joe and joe; see those entries for more. pronunciation
  • /d͡ʒəˈməʊk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, slang) Coffee.
    • 1957, Samuel Morison, History of United States Naval Operations in World War II (Illinois 2002), page 71: The chartroom door popped open before the startled admirals in the cockpit, and the beaming face of the boat's cook appeared to offer the hospitality of his craft, thus: “Would yer Majesty like a cuppa jamoke?”
  2. (countable, slang) Stupid person, fool.
    • 2004, Dan Johnson, The Molotov Box (Xlibris 2004), page 24: You and I both know that this is not enough money for the President and it's too damn much for some jamoke in the Bronx.
  3. (countable, slang) Penis.
jam rag
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, vulgar) A sanitary towel.
jam sandwich {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: jam, sandwich
  2. (British, slang) (from the common UK colour scheme of white with a red reflective horizontal band) A police car.
Synonyms: (1): (Northern England) jam butty
jandal pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈdʒændəl/
etymology unknown a {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (New Zealand) An item of footwear, usually of rubber, secured by two straps mounted between the big toe and index toe.
Synonyms: flip-flop, thong (Australia), beach sandal (Japan)
Janeite etymology Jane + ite, coined by critic George Saintsbury.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (usually, pejorative) A fan of the author , especially one without a background in literary criticism. {{rfquotek}}
    • 2010, The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, Edward Copeland and Juliet McMaster, page 236, “Unlike virtually all academic readers of Austen since the 1950s, Janeites in foxholes do not think Austen's novels are about courtship and marriage.”
    • 2012, Who's Afraid of Jane Austen: How to Talk About Books You Haven't Really Read, Henry Hitchings, How to flummox a Janeite, “The 'regulated hatred' angle will work a treat. After all, Janeites don't want to hear about that sort of thing, because it's the opposite of what they adore in their heroine's writing.”
Synonyms: (fan of Jane Austen) Austenite
Jane Sixpack
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (slang) An ordinary woman.
Synonyms: Jane Doe, everywoman
related terms:
  • Joe Six-pack
janitor {{wikipedia}} etymology Latin ianitor pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈd͡ʒænɪtə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈd͡ʒænɪtɚ/
noun: {{en-noun}} (female: janitress or janitrix (rare))
  1. (chiefly, US) someone who looks after the maintenance and cleaning of a public building.
  2. a doorman
Synonyms: maintenance person, (mostly British) caretaker, cleaner, (British) concierge, custodian, (One who cleans and maintains a garden) groundskeeper, (One who maintains a collection, especially in a museum) curator, porter
jank etymology Ostensibly {{back-form}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing, slang, rare) Problematic blocking of a software application's user interface due to slow operations.
related terms:
  • janky
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. janky
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British military slang) A form of military punishment which involves being confine to barrack, performing tedious and often pointless tasks, and being subjected to frequent uniform inspections.
  2. (plural only) defaulters
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of janker
janky pronunciation
  • /ˈd͡ʒæŋ.ki/
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) of poor quality, odd
    • {{quote-video }}
    Oh man, that's a janky setup.
  2. (jargon, computing, rare) Unresponsive (of a software application’s user interface), sluggish.
related terms:
  • jank
derived from:
  • junky
Janner etymology Derived from Cousin Jan (the Devon form of John). See for further explanation.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (British, dated, slang) An English person born within ten mile of the sea.
  2. (British, slang) Someone from Plymouth,
  3. (British, slang) The accent and colloquialism of such people used by the people of Plymouth.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang, sometimes, pejorative) Describing the Plymouth lower class.
Jap etymology Shortened from Japanese. Compare Nip (shortened from Nippon). pronunciation
  • /dʒæp/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative, ethnic slur) A Japanese person.
Synonyms: Japanese (neutral; non-offensive), Nip (pejorative)
related terms:
  • Japan
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (pejorative, ethnic slur) Japanese; of or pertaining to Japan or its people.
Jap's eye etymology From the supposedly slitlike eyes of the Japanese. Alternative forms: japseye
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, slang, vulgar, offensive) The slit of the penis.
    • 2002, Julian Broadhead, Laura Kerr, Prison Writing A catheter, right down the Jap's eye even — well maybe not that, not yet anyway.
Japan {{wikipedia}} {{wikivoyage}} Alternative forms: Giapan (obsolete) etymology From Dutch Japan or Portuguese Japão, from Malay Jepang, from zhx Hani (ltc nyit-pwón < och *nit-pˁənʔ) (compare Cantonese Yat6-bun2 日本, Korean Ilbon 일본, Japanese Nippon にっぽん, Mandarin Rìběn 日本, Vietnamese Nhật Bản). Although the earliest form of "Japan" in Europe was 's "Chipangu", the first recorded form in English was in a letter dated February 19, 1565 (published 1577), spelt “Giapan”. “Of the Ilande of Giapan”, by Luīs Fróis (a Portuguese Jesuit missionary in Japan), published in Richard Willes, “The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies” (London 1577), cited in “Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery”, by Peter C. Mancall, pp. 156–57. pronunciation
  • (UK) /dʒəˈpæn/
  • (US) /dʒəˈpæn/, [d͡ʒɪ̈ˈpʰæn]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. An island nation in the Pacific Ocean, located to the east of China, Korea and Russia.
Synonyms: Japonia (obsolete), Nihon, Nippon
related terms:
  • Sea of Japan
Japanazi etymology {{blend}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, informal, derogatory, dated) Any citizen of the Axis powers who opposed the Allies in the Second World War.
    • 1942, Gas age (volume 90) This is not a very merry Christmas for Japanazi leaders. And, that should be a source of great personal satisfaction to you.
    • 1942, Billboard (volume 54, number 48, 28 November 1942) The members of the Death Dodgers now in the Armed Forces will soon have the Japanazis trying to dodge death. To them we send our warmest regards and affection, and the sincere hope that they'll be back with us soon.
Japanese {{wikipedia}} etymology From Japan + ese. pronunciation
  • /ˌdʒæpəˈniːz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Of, relating to, or derived from Japan, its language, or culture. A Japanese saw is one that cuts on the pull stroke rather than on the push stroke. In the United States, Japanese animation has had a tremendous surge in popularity over the last few years.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person living in or coming from Japan, or of Japanese ancestry. A Japanese will typically have black hair, brown eyes, and pale skin.
    • 2007 October 16, Madeleine Brand, “Japan Struggles to Meet Its CO2 Emissions Limits”, Day to Day, National Public Radio, Motoyuki Shibata isn’t a typical Japanese.
  2. plural of Japanese
  3. (uncountable) Japanese food. Let’s go out to eat. I’m in the mood for Japanese.
As with all nouns formed from -ese, the countable singular form ("I am a Japanese") is uncommon and often taken as incorrect, although it is rather frequent in East Asia as a translation for the demonyms written 日本人 in Chinese characters (Japanese kanji).
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. The main language spoken in Japan. I’ve been studying Japanese for three years, and I still can’t order pizza in Tokyo!
Synonyms: Nihongo
Japanification {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, sometimes, derogatory) The process of making or becoming Japanese.
Japlish etymology {{blend}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) A confused blend of Japanese and English; Engrish.
Synonyms: Engrish, Janglish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Japanese
    • 1959, Beatrice Plumb, The Master Banquet and Party Book, T. S. Denison & Company, pages 85 To be really Jappy...
    • 1998-06, Eric Konigsberg, "Sex Ed.", SPIN, page 100 They appeared to be flirting with a weak- chinned boy in fake Patagonia. "I'm not a Jap," Cocktail Dress was saying. She touched the boy's shoulder lightly. "Except I do the towel dance when I get out of the shower. Is that Jappy?"
    • 1898 (2005), George Cornwallis-West, quoted in Elizabeth Kehoe, The Titled Americans: Three American Sisters And the British Aristocratic World Into Which They Married, ISBN 0802142192, page 206 When George moved to London later that year Jennie received him at her home, wearing a loose Japanese kimono instead of the conventional whale-boned corset and gown. The young, infatuated lieutenant wrote ecstatically of the 'lovely Jappy gown'.
Japscat etymology Jap + scat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (vulgar, slang) Coprophilia, originating in Japanese pornography.
jargon pronunciation
  • (GenAm) /ˈdʒɑɹ.ɡən/
  • (RP) /ˈdʒɑː.ɡən/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Old French jargon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A technical terminology unique to a particular subject.
  2. (countable) Language characteristic of a particular group.
    • 2014, Ian Hodder, Archaeological Theory Today In fact all the competing theories have developed their own specialized jargons and have a tendency to be difficult to penetrate.
  3. (uncountable) Speech or language that is incomprehensible or unintelligible; gibberish.
    • Macaulay A barbarous jargon.
Synonyms: (language characteristic of a group) argot, cant, intalk, vernacular
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To utter jargon; to emit confused or unintelligible sounds.
    • Longfellow The noisy jay, / Jargoning like a foreigner at his food.
etymology 2 French, from Italian giargone, from Persian زر گون 〈zr gwn〉. Alternative forms: jargoon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A variety of zircon
jarhead etymology Due to the regulation high and tight haircut of the marines.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A US marine.
Synonyms: devil dog
etymology 1 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A seal (stamp or impression of a stamp).
    • 1818, , , Chapter XXIX, 1839, The Waverley Novels, Volume 2, page 92, "This is a jark from Jim Ratcliffe," said the taller, having looked at the bit of paper.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang, military, British) To modify (weaponry) to disadvantage; especially, to attach and use a tracking device to covertly monitor its location.
    • 1996, Andy McNab, Immediate Action, page 365, At the end of the day, it was inevitable that the IRA would discover that its weapons were being jarked.
    • 2001, Peter Taylor, Brits:the War Against the IRA, page 255, 'Anna' and 'Mary' were involved in operations that drew on a variety of intelligence data: ‘jarking’; information from agents;…One of the weapons, perhaps the Armalite, had been ‘jarked’ by the ‘Det’ and tracked for some time.
    • 2010, Christopher C. Harmon, Andrew N. Pratt, Sebastian Gorka, Toward a Grand Strategy Against Terrorism, page 197, An especially creative method was known as “jarking,” which involved “the placing of tiny tracking devices on weapons in arms caches so their movements can be followed.”8
    • 2010, Ed Moloney, Voices from the Grave: Two Men's War in Ireland, page 282, The homes and safe houses he provided were bugged; the weapons hidden in empty houses were ‘jarked’ so the security forces could keep track of them, and the vehicles used to ferry weapons put under close surveillance.
(track weaponry) Both word and practice became common during the (1968-1998).
etymology 2 From jerk.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. eye dialect of jerk
    • 1996, William Gilmore Simms, Mary Ann Wimsatt, “Bald-Head Bill Bauldy”, Tales of the South, page 323, First, I felt a kick in my side, and ribs; then I felt myself pulled and jarked about, by the arms and shoulders; and, when I opened my eyes and straightened myself out, to see what alligator hed got hold of me now, what should I see but a squad of four or five of our own Rigiment, all pulling at me at onst!
jas etymology From an Afrikaans slang word for “horny”.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (South Africa, vulgar, slang) Horny desiring sexual activity.
  • JSA
jasm etymology Apparently a variant of jism.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (archaic, US, slang) Zest for accomplishment; drive.
    • Jeremy has the kind of jasm a junior exec needs to reach the top of the ladder in the corporate world.
  2. (archaic) Jazz.
  • 1863, Josiah Gilbert Holland, Miss Gilbert's Career: An American Story, page 350, Charles Scribner's Sons “Yes, sir.  No mistake about that.  Oh! she's just as full of jasm!” Frank Sargent laughed again.  “You've got the start of me,” said he.  “Now tell me what ‘jasm’ is.” “Well, it’s a sort of word, I guess, that made itself,” said Cheek.  “It’s a good one though—jasm is. If you’ll take thunder and lightning, and a steamboat and a buzz-saw, and mix ’em up, and put ’em into a woman, that’s jasm.”
  • 2004 June 30, Elizabeth Cooper, Drusilla with a Million, page 197, Kessinger Publishing I don’t think there is anything more pitiful than a man, who has been in business for himself, to have to give up and say he is a failure. It hurts to be compelled to go into some one’s shop as a clerk or a mechanic when you’ve once been your own master. It’ll put jasm into a lot of men that have lost their nerve and only need some one to set them straight.
  • jams
jasper {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (US) {{enPR}}
  • (British) /ˈdʒæspə/
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From Old French jaspre, a variant of jaspe (modern French jaspe), from Latin iaspis, from Ancient Greek ἴασπις 〈íaspis〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) Any bright-coloured kind of chalcedony apart from cornelian.
  2. (mineralogy) An opaque, impure variety of quartz, of red, yellow, and other dull colors, breaking conchoidally with a smooth surface.
  3. Jasperware pottery.
etymology 2 From the male personal name Jasper.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK, West Country, Somerset, colloquial) A wasp.
  2. (US, slang) A person, a guy, especially seen as naïve or simple.
    • 1975, Tom Waits, ‘Nighthawk Postcards (From Easy Street)’: Standing on the corner like a just-got-in-town jasper.
    • 2006, Thomas Pynchon, Against the Day, Vintage 2007, p. 122: “That jasper,” sniggered Darby, “never pulled out his ‘dummy’ for nothing but pissing, I bet you!”
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit, The Saturday Evening Post "I stood there through almost an hour of it before they called Rooster Cogburn to the stand. I had guessed wrong as to which one he was, picking out a younger and slighter man with a badge on his shirt. And I was surprised when an old one-eyed jasper that was built along the lines of Grover Cleveland went up and was sworn."
  • japers
Java {{wikipedia}} etymology Possibly from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप 〈yava-dvīpa〉. Used in reference to coffee grown on Java and nearby islands since at least 1850. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈdʒɑːvə/
  • {{rhymes}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. An island of Indonesia in the Malay Archipelago.
  2. (computing) An object-oriented, garbage-collected computer programming language.
  3. (computing, proscribed) JavaScript, when no distinction is made between it and Java.
    • 1996 October 6, "Timothy Litwiller" (username), HOW TO MAKE A JAVA ALERT POP UP ON LOAD, in comp.lang.javascript, Usenet
    • 1996 December 10, "Cédric Bouckaert" (username), onBlur event handler with input fields, in comp.lang.javascript, Usenet In the input tag I include the onBlur="myfunction()" which checks if the field is filled (displays an alert if necessary and resets the focus). If I leave the first field I get an java alert which says that field two should have a value and then a java alert which says that field one should have a value and then a java... get the picture ?
    • 1997 January 7, "Kenneth Roddy" (username), Java Alert Messages When Netscape Home Page Loads, in, Usenet
    • 1997 February 18, "AG" (username), there a way of controling font size and style when java alert window opens, in comp.lang.javascript, Usenet I created an alert window using java script, but I found the fonts too small. Is there a way of controling font size and style when java alert window opens.
    • 2003 April 8, "mpaulopes" (username), Passing values to a Java popup windows, in macromedia.coldfusion.cfml_general_discussion, Usenet
  • While referring to JavaScript as Java is technically incorrect, this usage occurs often enough to merit verifying which is meant in cases where it's not clear.
related terms:
  • JavaScript
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A chicken of the Java breed which was developed in the United States.
java etymology From Java, an island on and near which a particular blend of coffee is made. The US use of the term to refer to any coffee originated in San Francisco, an early center of the US coffee trade.[ Small Bay Area Coffee Roasters Spread Out], by Gregory Dicum, April 8, 2010, New York Times
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. A blend of coffee imported from the island of Java.
  2. (US, colloquial) Coffee in general.
  3. A dance popular in France in the early 20th century
related terms:
  • Java
jaw {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English jawe, jowe, geowe, alteration of *chawe (in early Modern English chawe, chaw), from Proto-Germanic *kawǭ (compare Middle Dutch kauwe, kouwe, dialectal German Käu, Keu), gradation-variant of *kewǭ (compare Old English cīan (pl.) ‘gills’, West Frisian kiuw ‘gill’, Dutch kieuw ‘gill’), noun from Proto-Germanic *kewwaną (compare English chew). More at chew. Alteration probably influenced by Middle English jolle, chaul, which it replaced (see jowl). pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /d͡ʒɔː/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /d͡ʒɔ/
  • (cot-caught) {{enPR}}, /d͡ʒɑ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One of the bone, usually bearing teeth, which form the framework of the mouth.
  2. The part of the face below the mouth. His jaw dropped in amazement.
  3. (figuratively) Anything resembling the jaw of an animal in form or action; especially plural, the mouth or way of entrance. the jaws of a pass; the jaws of darkness; the jaws of death.
  4. A notch or opening.
  5. A notched or forked part, adapted for holding an object in place. the jaw of a railway-car pedestal.
  6. One of a pair of opposing parts which are movable towards or from each other, for grasping or crushing anything between them. the jaws of a vise; the jaws of a stone-crushing machine.
  7. (nautical) The inner end of a boom or gaff, hollowed in a half circle so as to move freely on a mast.
  8. (slang, dated) Impudent or abusive talk. {{rfquotek}}
  9. (slang) Axle guard.
  10. (snooker) The curved part of the cushion marking the entry to the pocket.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To assail or abuse by scold.
  2. (intransitive) To scold; to clamor.
  3. (intransitive, informal) To talk; to converse.
  4. (snooker, transitive, intransitive) (of a ball) To stick in the jaws of a pocket.
jawblock etymology From jaw + block. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈdʒɔːblɒk/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (US slang, dated) To talk.
    • 1946, Mezz Mezzrow and Bernard Wolfe, Really the Blues, Payback Press 1999, p. 61: The first time we began to jawblock we found out that we were all from the jazz school, and that made us friends right away.
jaw-jaw etymology Reduplication of jaw.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (slang) To talk at length; to chatter or jabber.
    • 1982, Economist (volume 285) The EEC and America jaw-jawed their way to the brink of an all-out war over limiting European steel exports to the United States.
    • 1986, David Sanders, Lawmaking and co-operation in international politics certain contexts extensive and prolonged jaw-jawing — in the form of treaty-making — can serve to inhibit the resort to war.
    • 1995, Lorraine Garkovich, Janet L Bokemeier, Barbara Foote, Harvest of hope: family farming/farming families We might have five of us jaw-jawing. You don't have that any more. I hate to lose that; it was a great joy in my life.
etymology 1
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. obsolete form of yawn {{rfquotek}}
etymology 2 {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, chiefly Philadelphia) Something; any object, place or thing. Check out this jawn.
    • 2001, Steve Jackson, "Takin it back B/W BEEF", : "Then I started thinking of the Scenario remix and was like yo, that jawn was just as good."
    • 2007 September 23, Jessica Pressler, "The Bar Car is Rocking" in New York Times : "Just back from a tour in Australia, he was sitting at a table in the dining car with a group of friends that included members of the hip-hop groups Spank Rock and Plastic Little. 'This,' he said, 'is the jawn.'"
    • 2013 August 20, MK Asante, Buck: A Memoir (Spiegel & Grau) : "Jawn can mean anything—person, place, or thing. Sometimes if we’re telling a story and don’t want people to know what we’re talking about, we’ll plug jawn in for everything. The other day I was at the jawn around the corner with the young jawn from down the street. We get to the jawn, right, and the ngh at the door is all on his jawn, not knowing I had that jawn on me. Man, it was about to be on in that jawn."
  2. (slang) A woman. Yo, you see that jawn, she bad as shit.
    • 1999 July 16, “da One and Only Jazzman”, “Re: RapCity: UnderHouston”,, Usenet, MY boi in NY, when he first came to Philly, used to tell me the philly jawns were easy.
    • 2005, Krystle J. Nutter, Turned Out, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-36207-9, page 1, I had a few chicks that I messed around with but this one main jawn stuck out in particular.
    • 2006, G. D. McCrary, Guerrillas in the Midst, Papyrus & Pen Publishing, ISBN 0977068714, page 39, “Who? The jawn sittin’ in the truck wit’ choo? I think I know her.”
    • 2009, Asher Roth, I Love College, “When it comes to condoms, put two on, and tomorrow night, find a new jawn.”
jaws pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of jaw
  2. (pluralonly) the mouth
  3. (pluralonly) the borders of anything which has a mouthlike aspect. Open the jaws of the wrench and wide as possible. The red wobbled in the jaws of the pocket, but didn't go down.
  4. (colloquial, eastern Ohio) a contrarian.
jawsmith etymology jaw + smith
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A talkative person.
  2. (US, slang) An orator.
  3. (US, slang) A demagogue.
jay pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /dʒeɪ/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English jay, from Old French jai &quot;jay&quot;; Modern French geai, from Old French jai, so named due to its plumage, from Old frk *gahi, from Proto-Germanic *ganhuz, *ganhwaz, cognate with Dutch gaai. More at gay.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to several genera within the family Corvidae, including Garrulus, Cyanocitta, allied to the crow, but smaller, more graceful in form, often handsomely colored, usually having a crest, and often noisy.
  2. Other birds of similar appearance and behavior.
  3. (archaic) A dull or ignorant person. It survives today in the term jaywalking.
  4. (slang) A marijuana cigarette; a joint.
    • 2009, Caitlin Moran, The Times, 23 Mar 2009: Although sympathetic, my main reaction was to think: “Some people can handle it, and some people can’t,” and then smugly light up a big fat jay.
Synonyms: (bird) Jenny jay, jay pie, k, kae (UK); bluejay, whisky jack (US)
  • (bird) Old World jay, gray jay, American jay
etymology 2 Respelling of the letter jy, by analogy with the following letter kay.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
jaybird etymology jay + bird
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A jay or blue jay.
    • 1894: Mark Twain, Tom Sawyer Abroad "When I say birds of a feather flocks together, it's a metaphorical way of saying -- " "But dey don't, Mars Tom. No, sir, 'deed dey don't. Dey ain't no feathers dat's more alike den a bluebird en a jaybird, but ef you waits till you catches dem birds together, you'll -- " "Oh, give us a rest! You can't get the simplest little thing through your thick skull. Now don't bother me any more."
  2. (US, colloquial) One who talks incessantly. Belinda was a jaybird and could prattle on for hours about the latest gossip.

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