The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


adjective: {{head}}
  1. (slang) (in combination) Having a specified kind of jug (breasts). A large-jugged babe.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of jug
jugs pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of jug
  2. (plurale tantum, slang) breasts; plural of jug as in breast. That chick has amazing jugs!
Synonyms: see
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-third-person singular of jug
jugular etymology From ll jugulāris, from Latin iugulum, from iugum, from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈdʒʌɡ.jʊ.lə/, /ˈdʒʌɡ.jə.lə/
  • (US) /ˈdʒʌɡ.jʊ.lɚ/, /ˈdʒʌɡ.jə.lɚ/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Relating to, or located near, the neck or throat.
  2. (zoology, of fish) Having ventral fin attached under the throat.
  3. (humorous) Relating to juggling.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Vein through the neck (or thorax) that returns blood from the head back towards the heart. Properly this is called the jugular vein.
  2. By extension, any critical vulnerability. It was vicious; he went for the jugular.
The plural form jugulars is almost never used.
  • One of Lionel's old Salthill friends with whom he exchanged perhaps a dozen words a year, and with whom he sometimes played squash, and tennis, both men killers on the court, seeking the jugular [...]. - "Middle Age : A Romance" (2001) by (Fourth Estate, paperback edition, 83)
Synonyms: jugular vein
juice {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English jus, juis, from Old French jus, jous, from Latin jūs. Displaced native Middle English wos, woos, from Old English wōs. pronunciation
  • (UK) /d͡ʒuːs/
  • (US) /d͡ʒus/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) A liquid from a plant, especially fruit. Squeeze the orange and some juice will come out.
  2. (countable) A beverage made of juice. I’d like two orange juices please.
  3. (uncountable) Any liquid resembling juice.
  4. (Scotland) A soft drink.
  5. (uncountable, slang) Electricity.
  6. (uncountable, slang) Liquor.
  7. (uncountable, slang) Political power.
  8. (uncountable, slang) Petrol; gasoline.
  9. (uncountable, slang) Vitality.
  10. (uncountable, slang) The amount charged by a bookmaker for betting services.
  11. (uncountable, slang) Steroids.
  12. (uncountable, slang) Semen.
  13. (uncountable, slang) The vaginal lubrication that a woman naturally produces when sexually aroused.
  14. (uncountable, slang) Musical agreement between instrumentalists.
Synonyms: (charge by bookmaker) cut, take, vig, vigorish
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To remove the juice from something.
  2. (transitive) To energize or stimulate something.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (of a fruit etc) that has had the juice extracted.
  2. (slang) drunk
  3. (slang) excited The whole school is juiced about tonight's game.
  4. (bodybuilding): Of someone who is taking steroid.
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of juice
juicehead Alternative forms: juice head, juice-head etymology From juice + head. Juice is a reference to protein shakes, anabolic steroids, and other performance enhancing drugs, many of which are taken in liquid form and called juice by analogy.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, dated) An alcoholic.
  2. (slang) A bodybuilder that uses, or appears to use, steroids and is of poor intellect or by extension any large male.
    • 1995. "Black Belt", Page 91 A How to increase the natural anabolic effects in your system so you pile on muscle like a juice-head!
    • 2002. Rick Collins, "Legal muscle: anabolics in America" I'm also a seasoned juice head. During this tenure in muscledom, to say I've seen It all is a severe understatement, especially considering I spent 20 years of it training at the "Mecca of bodybuilding," Gold's Gym in Venice
    • 2010. Andrea Renzoni, Eric Renzoni, "Fuhgeddaboudit!: From Fist-Pumping to Family Restaurant", Page 118 My ideal man would be Italian, dark, muscles, juicehead, Guido.
May be a mildly pejorative term, but not so when used as a term of endearment or by those partaking, especially amongst themselves.
juice joint
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A nightclub.
  • {{seeCites}}
juice loan
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, US) A loan at usurious interest rates, normally made by organised criminals.
juice monkey
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, chiefly, sports) A steroid or testosterone abuser.
  • Most commonly used in professional wrestling, football, and baseball or by sports columnists to report on drug abuse in sports.
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. A manual or electrical device used for render the juice of fruit or vegetable.
  2. A (citrus) reamer.
  3. (slang) One who uses steroid.
  4. An alcoholic.
juice up
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) to charge, to charge up I need to juice up my phone because the battery's dead.
juicy girl etymology The typical drink the client is expected to purchase for the bargirl is a small glass of juice.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, Korea) A Korean bargirl.
juju Alternative forms: ju-ju pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈdʒuːdʒu/
etymology 1 From a West African language, probably originally from French joujou.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A fetish or charm believed by West Africans to have magical or supernatural powers.
  2. The magical or supernatural power of such a charm.
  3. A superstitious belief in the karmic consequences of an action or behavior, usually negative in connotation. That's some bad juju.
  4. A type of music popular in Nigeria. (See )
etymology 2 Reduplication of -ju- in marijuana.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A marijuana cigarette; a joint.
    • 1940, Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, Penguin 2010, p. 75: ‘I knew a guy once who smoked jujus,’ she said. ‘Three highballs and three sticks of tea and it took a pipe wrench to get him off the chandelier.’
juke joint {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: jook joint
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) an informal drinking establishment featuring blues music and dancing; primarily operated by African American people in the southeastern United States.
    • 1985, , 00:56:00 "She's black as tar... nappy-headed... She got legs like baseball bats. Her own daddy won't have nothing to do with her. She's no more than a jook-joint Jezebel. She ain't even clean."
Synonyms: jook house, juke house
Juliet etymology From Italian Giulietta, diminutive form of Giulia, from Julius, a Roman family name. Cognate with French Juliette. pronunciation {{rfp}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. A given name.
    • 1977 , The Wars, Delacorte Press/S. Lawrence, ISBN 044009397X, page 110: "All I ask," she says, fitting the cigarette into a holder, "is that you don't call me Juli-et. I cannot abide Juli-et. It maddens me!" "Yes, ma'am." "Here, we say Joolyut. Joolyut. Joolyut. Say it for me."
  2. One of the main character of 's play .
    • {{RQ:Shakespeare Romeo}}, Scene III: For never was a story of more woe / Than this of Juliet and her Romeo.
  3. A woman who is or is with a great lover.
  4. By analogy with the Shakespearean character, a woman who is in love with a man from a family, party, or country opposing that of her own.
  5. (astronomy) ] The sixth moon of the planet Uranus.
  6. The letter J in the ICAO spelling alphabet.
jumpathon etymology jump + athon
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A charity fundraising event involving jump (typically trampolining or skydiving).
    • 1983, Charles Harold Sandage, Vernon Ray Fryburger, Kim B. Rotzoll, Advertising theory and practice Telethons, jumpathons, dancathons, runathons, swimathons, and others are promoted through advertisements.
    • 2006, Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, The AOPA pilot: voice of general aviation: Volume 49 Graves decided to turn the day into a jumpathon to raise money for cancer research and donated $3500 to Jump for the Cause (, a nonprofit organization that helps raise money for breast cancer research.
jump down someone's throat {{was wotd}} Alternative forms: climb down someone's throat, leap down someone's throat
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic) To criticise with excessive and unexpected harshness. Try to remember next time, but don’t fret — I won’t jump down your throat if you forget.
    • 2006, Larry Rice, The Complete Guide to Divorce Practice: Forms and Procedures for the Lawyer, 3rd edition, page 266: Opposing counsel has a right to question you, and if you respond with smart talk or give evasive answers, opposing counsel may jump down your throat.
    • 2007, Michael Bennett, Bent, page 103: ‘Thanks, Jean,’ he said. ‘Mike I'm sorry. I didn't mean to jump down your throat. Thanks for the advice. I will be careful.’
    • 2009, Shiela Stewart, Embracing the Darkness: Darkness Series, Book 3, page 59: “I'm sorry I jumped on you — jumped down your throat,” he amended, feeling like a complete idiot.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, pejorative) Describes a person who thinks or acts as if he/she is superior in some way that the speaker disagrees with. For instance, pretending to be of a higher class or having greater authority than he/she has in reality. 2007, Nov 27. Scott Murray, writing in Guardian Unlimited. Stuttgart 3-2 Rangers
    • We're doomed if this wee jumped-up monkey gets Gordon Smith's blessing.
jumper pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 See jump.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Someone or something that jump, e.g. a participant in a jumping event in track or skiing.
  2. A short length of electrical conductor, to make a temporary connection. Also jump wire.
  3. A removable connecting pin on an electronic circuit board.
  4. A person who attempts suicide by jumping from a great height.
  5. A long drill tool used by mason and quarry workers, consisting of an iron bar with a chisel-edged steel tip at one or both ends, operated by striking it against the rock, turning it slightly with each blow.
  6. (US) A crude kind of sleigh, usually a simple box on runner which are in one piece with the pole that form the thill. {{rfquotek}}
  7. The larva of the cheese fly.
  8. (historical, 18th century) One of certain Calvinistic Methodist in Wales whose worship was characterized by violent convulsions.
  9. (horology) A spring to impel the star wheel, or a pawl to lock fast a wheel, in a repeating timepiece.
  10. A nuclear power plant worker who repairs equipment in areas with extremely high levels of radiation.
    • {{quote-news}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To connect with an electrical jumper.
etymology 2 From the term jump in sailors' jargon, probably from Scots English jupe, from Old French, from Arabic جوبّة 〈jwb̃ẗ〉; see also jibba.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (chiefly, British, Australian) A woolen sweater or pullover.
  2. A loose outer jacket, especially one worn by workers and sailors.
  3. A one-piece, sleeveless dress, or a skirt with straps and a complete or partial bodice, usually worn over a blouse by women and children.
  4. (usually as jumpers) Rompers.
jump in
verb: {{head}}
  1. To enter something quickly. Usually a mode of transport. I jumped in the car, and we sped off to the meeting.
  2. (slang) To initiate into a club, usually a gang, with violence.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) excellent, very fun
    • 1998, - When the party was nice, the party was jumpin' (Hey, Yippie, Yi, Yo) And everybody havin' a ball (Hah, ho, Yippie Yi Yo)
verb: {{head}}
  1. present participle of jump
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of performing a jump.
    • 1871, John Tyndall, Heat Considered as a Mode of Motion (page 291) When the tuning-fork is brought over a resonant jar or bottle, the beats may be heard and the jumpings seen by a thousand people at once.
jump jet {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal, military) A jet airplane with fixed wings that is capable of vertical takeoff and land as well as hover, and, in some cases, also capable of becoming airborne in a conventional manner by gaining airspeed on a runaway.
    • 1977 Aug. 15, "Aircraft: The Marines' Bad Luck Plane," Time: Yet, 24 of the 110 Harrier AV-8A jump jets, the British-built aircraft capable of leaping straight up from a carrier deck and then accelerating to more than 500 m.p.h., have crashed since the Marines first bought them seven years ago.
jumpoff etymology From jump + off.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A sexual partner who is more than a one-night stand but with whom one does not intend to form a long-term romantic relationship.
    • 2007, T. White, Understanding Richard, AuthorHouse, ISBN 978-1-4259-8243-0, page 10: Most men are not going to admit that they have a girlfriend, or a wife, or a jumpoff on the side.
    • 2008, “Your Royal Flyness”, From MySpace to My Place: The Men’s Guide to Snagging Women Online,, ISBN 978-0-6151-8810-2, page 18: Now I’m not saying that she needs to be on the level of a valedictorian and super model at the same time to be “jumpoff” material either.
    • 2009, "", UNDERGROUND BUZZ 01/08/09 **BLIND ITEMS** (on Internet newsgroup alt.gossip.celebrities) It’s going to be an interesting Father’s Day for this well known Sports Commentator. Both his jumpoff and girlfriend recently revealed their baby plans.
jump one's bail Alternative forms: jump bail
verb: {{head}}
  1. (US, slang) To abscond while at liberty under bail bonds.
jumpout etymology From jump + out.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A separation from a groove, track, etc., that otherwise constrains motion.
    • 1995, John E. Costa, Natural and Anthropogenic Influences in Fluvial Geomorphology: The Wolman volume, [http//|%22jumpouts%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22jumpout%22|%22jumpouts%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WcmST_LZM4W9iAe_wZmXBA&redir_esc=y page 210], Encroachment into potential flood avenues resulted in jumpouts, flooding, and extensive siltation.
  2. (Australia, horse racing) An unofficial trial race.
    • {{quote-news}}
    • 2011, David Brasch, , Jockeying To The Top, [http//|%22jumpouts%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dbiST_juJsnomAXCvfDuAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22jumpout%22|%22jumpouts%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false unnumbered page], I did get to ride in a couple of barrier jumpouts, but even that was sprung on me. I was riding a horse towards the track when Murty said it was going for a jumpout, a sprint about 400 metres from the barriers down the home straight.
  3. (US, slang) A plainclothes narcotics officer.
    • 1997, Leon Dash, Rosa Lee: A Mother and Her Family in Urban America, [http//|%22jumpouts%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22jumpout%22|%22jumpouts%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WcmST_LZM4W9iAe_wZmXBA&redir_esc=y page 33], “Well, I figured if the jumpouts came they wouldn′t search her,” says Rosa Lee. “They′d search me but they wouldn′t find nothing.”
related terms:
  • jump out
  • outjump
jump rope Alternative forms: jump-rope pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /dʒʌmp//rəʊp/
    • Noun: jump always stressed ("used a jump rope")
    • Verb: rope sometimes stressed, but stress on jump also common ("let's jump rope" or "let's jump-rope")
      • Verb tenses always as follows: jumps rope; jump ropes; jumping rope; jump roping; jumped rope; jump roped.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) (also jump-roping, jumping rope) The activity, game or exercise in which a person must jump, bounce or skip repeatedly while a length of rope is swung over and under, both ends held in the hands of the jumper, or alternately, held by two other participants. Often used for athletic training and among schoolchildren. Variations involve speed, chant, varied rope and jumper movement patterns, multiple jumpers and/or multiple ropes.
  2. The length of rope, sometimes with handles, casing or other additions, used in that activity.
  3. (colloquial) A single jump in this game or activity, counted as a measure of achievement.
    • 2001, , “”, , , SALLY: One time, I did a hundred jump ropes.
Synonyms: (the game) skip rope, (the rope) skipping rope, (single jump) rope-jump
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic) To repeatedly jump over a rope, the ends of which are held by the jumper or by two others, while the rope is swung under the feet and over the head of the jumper; to play the game of jump rope; to exercise by jumping rope.
Synonyms: skip rope
jump ropes
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of jump rope The school just got a great new set of jump ropes.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) en-third-person singular of jump rope Every time he jump ropes at recess, he comes in with scraped knees.
jump seat
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A spare seat in an aircraft cockpit.
  2. (dated) A movable seat in a carriage.
jump someone's bones
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang) to have sex.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
Synonyms: See also
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, Australia) A road path or track ascending or descending a hill or range.
  • {{seeCites}}
  • Used in place names with this meaning in Australia.
  • Used in place names in US, but meaning unclear.
jungle {{slim-wikipedia}} etymology 1776, via Hindi जंगल 〈jaṅgala〉 and Urdu جنگل 〈jngl〉, from Sanskrit जङ्गल 〈jaṅgala〉. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
  • /ˈdʒʌŋɡəl/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large, undeveloped, humid forest, especially in a tropical region, that is home to many wild plants and animals.
  2. (colloquial) A place where people behave ruthlessly, unconstrained by law or morality. It’s a jungle out there.
  3. (slang) An area where hobo camp together.
  4. (uncountable) A style of electronic music related to drum and bass.
jungle bunny etymology {{rfe}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (ethnic slur, derogatory) A black person.
Jungle Carbine {{wikipedia}} etymology So called due to its primary service in the jungles of Malaya after World War II.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) The British-made Number 5 SMLE rifle, with a shortened barrel suitable for jungle warfare.
jungle fever
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (medicine) Any of several tropical disease, but especially malaria.
  2. (slang) Attraction of a person of non-African descent towards people of African descent.
jungle juice {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) An improvised mix of liquor, often with fruit juice, usually served for group consumption.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Jamaica) Mildew.
  2. (Jamaica, slang) Something with a bad odor. You smell like junjo.
  • The term junjo has been used in reggae dance hall music. Most recently through a song done by , titled "Junjo" on the icebreaker riddim.
junk {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /dʒʌŋk/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English junke, probably from Old French jonc, from Latin iuncus{{EtymOnLine}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Discarded or waste material; rubbish, trash.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. A collection of miscellaneous items of little value.
  3. (slang) Any narcotic drug, especially heroin.
    • 1961, William S. Burroughs, The Soft Machine, page 7 Trace a line of goose pimples up the thin young arm. Slide the needle in and push the bulb watching the junk hit him all over. Move right in with the shit and suck junk through all the hungry young cells.
  4. (slang) Genitalia.
    • 2009, Kesha, Tik Tok I'm talking about everybody getting crunk, crunk Boys tryin' to touch my junk, junk Gonna smack him if he getting too drunk, drunk
  5. (nautical) Salt beef.
  6. Pieces of old cable or cordage, used for making gaskets, mat, swab, etc., and when picked to pieces, forming oakum for filling the seams of ships.
  7. (dated) A fragment of any solid substance; a thick piece; a chunk. {{rfquotek}}
Synonyms: See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To throw away.
Synonyms: (throw away) bin, chuck, chuck away, chuck out, discard, dispose of, ditch, dump, scrap, throw away, throw out, toss, trash, See also
etymology 2 From Portuguese junco, from Javanese ꦗꦺꦴꦁ 〈ꦗꦺꦴꦁ〉 (Malay adjong).
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{en-noun}}
  1. (nautical) A Chinese sailing vessel.
junkaholic etymology junk + aholic
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A person who accumulates and stores large quantities of junk.
Synonyms: hoarder, pack rat
junkball etymology junk + ball
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (tennis, baseball, sometimes, derogatory) A ball launched with technique rather than speed.
related terms:
  • junkballer
junkballer etymology junkball + er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (tennis, baseball, sometimes, derogatory) One who relies on technique rather than speed when launching the ball.
    • {{quote-news}}
junk conference
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (countable, pejorative) A form of academic conference which is run for other than academic purposes and which does not meet normal academic standards. He found a junk conference to attend so he could go somewhere warm last winter.
junket etymology Origin uncertain. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈdʒʌŋkɪt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A basket.
  2. A type of cream cheese, originally made in a rush basket; later, a food made of sweetened curd or rennet.
    • 1818, John Keats, "Where be ye going, you Devon maid?": I love your meads, and I love your flowers, / And I love your junkets mainly [...].
  3. (obsolete) A delicacy.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, V.4: Goe streight, and take with thee to witnesse it / Sixe of thy fellowes of the best array, / And beare with you both wine and juncates fit, / And bid him eate […].
  4. A feast or banquet.
    • 1790, Ambrose Philips, The free-thinker, Vol III. No 124., page 95 Conversation is the natural Junket of the Mind ; and most Men have an Appetite to it, once in the day at least [...].
  5. A pleasure-trip; a journey made for feasting or enjoyment, now especially a trip made ostensibly for business but which entails merrymaking or entertainment.
  6. (gaming) 20-40 table gaming rooms for which the capacity and limits change daily. Junket rooms are often rented out to private vendors who run tour groups through them and give a portion of the proceeds to the main casino.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To go on or attend a junket.
    • South Job's children junketed and feasted together often.
junk food
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Food with little or no nutritional value.
    • {{quote-news }}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) a junkie, drug addict
junkie {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: junky etymology junk + ie pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, offensive, pejorative) A narcotic addict, especially referring to heroin users.
  2. (by extension) An enthusiast of something. English people are travel junkies, but Americans hardly ever leave their state. My uncle is a classic car junkie.
  • 1982: (song) by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five Rats in the front room, roaches in the back. Junkies in the alley with a baseball bat.
Synonyms: See also
junk science
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable, pejorative) Assertions that have the appearance, but not the actuality, of scientific support. His testimony was worse than science fiction: it was junk science.
  2. (countable, pejorative) A cluster of assertions, publications, and experts that have the appearance, but not the actuality, of a scientific specialty.
    • 2006, Roger W. Shuy , Linguistics in the Courtroom: A Practical Guide, page 99 Our field falls neither in the category of immediately acceptable DNA experts at one end of the spectrum nor in the category of the immediately unacceptable so-called junk sciences at the other end.
  • A label used to attempt to discredit expert testimony and claimed scientific support for positions taken on some matters of public policy.
  • Not usually applied to the scientific implausibility of elements of science fiction.
junk sick Alternative forms: sometimes junk-sick
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (slang) Experiencing the nausea sometimes suffered by the user of a narcotic the following day, or after the effects of the drug begin to wear off.
    • "I checked into the hospital junk sick and spent four days there ..." - William S. Burroughs, from The Yagé Letters, 1953
  2. (slang) Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when referring to the use of narcotics, often having flu-like symptoms.
    • "... a few old relics from hop smoking times, spectral janitors, grey as ashes, phantom porters sweeping out dusty halls with a slow old man's hand, coughing and spitting in the junk-sick dawn ..." - William S. Burroughs, from Naked Lunch, 1959
  • Used especially in reference to heroin use.
junky {{wikipedia}} etymology junk + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Resembling or characteristic of junk; cheap, worthless, or of low quality.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, pejorative) alternative spelling of junkie
jury-rig {{was wotd}} {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: jury rig pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈdʒʊə.ɹi ɹɪɡ/
  • (US) /ˈdʒʊɹ.i ɹɪɡ/
  • {{audio}}
etymology 1 From jury#Etymology_2 + rig.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (nautical, transitive) To make an improvise rigging or assembly from whatever is available.
  2. (transitive) To create a makeshift, ad hoc solution from resources at hand.
Synonyms: jerry-rig, nigger-rig (offensive), MacGyver
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (nautical) An improvised rigging.
etymology 2 See jury, rig.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To rig a jury; to engage in jury rigging (that is, ); to improperly influence jurors, or the selection of jurors, such that they return a certain result.
just {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /dʒʌst/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English juste, from Old French juste, from Latin iūstus, from Proto-Italic *jowestos, related to Latin iūs. Compare Scots juist, Saterland Frisian juust, Western Frisian just, Dutch juist, Low German just, German just, Danish just, Swedish just.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. Factually fair; right, correct; proper. It is a just assessment of the facts.
  2. Morally fair; upright; righteous, equitable. It looks like a just solution at first glance.
    • Shakespeare We know your grace to be a man / Just and upright.
Synonyms: fair, upright, righteous, equitable
  • unjust
related terms:
  • justice
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. Only, simply, merely. examplePlant just a few tomatoes, unless you can freeze or dry them. exampleHe calls it vermilion, but it's just red to me.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 8 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “Philander went into the next room, which was just a lean-to hitched on to the end of the shanty, and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.”
    • {{quote-magazine}}
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  2. (sentence adverb) Used to reduce the force of an imperative; simply. exampleJust follow the directions on the box.
  3. (speech act) Used to convey a less serious or formal tone exampleI just called to say "hi".
  4. (speech act) Used to show humility. exampleLord, we just want to thank You and praise Your Name.
  5. (degree) absolutely, positively exampleIt is just splendid!
  6. Moments ago, recent. exampleThey just left, but you may leave a message at the desk.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 8 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “Philander went into the next room…and came back with a salt mackerel…. Next he put the mackerel in a fry-pan, and the shanty began to smell like a Banks boat just in from a v'yage.”
  7. By a narrow margin; closely; nearly. exampleThe fastball just missed my head! exampleThe piece just might fit.
  8. Exactly, perfectly. exampleHe wants everything just right for the big day.
  9. Precisely.
    • John Dryden And having just enough, not covet more.
    • Sir Philip Sidney The god Pan guided my hand just to the heart of the beast.
    • William Shakespeare To-night, at Herne's oak, just 'twixt twelve and one.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
Synonyms: merely, simply, (barely, almost not or not quite) barely, hardly, scarcely
etymology 2 Variation of joust, presumably ultimately from Latin iuxta 'near, besides'.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A joust, tournament.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To joust, fight a tournament. {{rfquotek}}
  • {{rank}}
  • juts
just a sec
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) just a second
just wondering Alternative forms: JW (initialism) etymology From the phrase — or .
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) Used to qualify a question or action, explaining it as modivated by curiosity.
Juvember etymology {{blend}}
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (US, informal) A fictional month of the year, used as sarcasm or a joke to mean that something will never happen or never take place. All of this work will take from now to Juvember!
juvie etymology Diminutive of juvenile with -ie. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}} {{wikipedia}}
  1. (colloquial) a youth detention centre
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (informal) initialism of just wondering
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) initialism of Jehovah's Witness
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • /kʰeɪ/
  • {{rhymes}}
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
number: {{en-number}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
etymology 2
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. (education, US) Kindergarten. "K-8" is Kindergarten through eighth grade.
  2. (computing, often) Kilo-, 1,024.
  3. (computing) A single character message used as an acknowledgement (ACK), meaning "previous message received and understood."
  4. (Morse code) Go ahead, over: an indication that a message is complete and a reply is awaited.
  5. (baseball) Strikeouts.
  6. (chess) King.
  7. (biology) Carrying capacity.
  8. (slang) OK.
  9. (knitting) knit
    • 1855, Godey's Magazine (volume 51, page 71) Knit 3, p 1, k 2, purl 1, k 2, m 1, k 2 together, k 1.
  10. Korean K-pop; K-drama
On a baseball scorecard, a frontwards K signifies striking out swinging, while a backwards K signifies striking out looking.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (legal, informal) A contract.
etymology 1 pronunciation
  • /keɪ/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
letter: {{en-letter}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
  2. The first letter of callsign allocated to American broadcast television and radio stations west of the Mississippi river.
number: {{en-number}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
etymology 2
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (computing) A kilobyte (more formally KB or kB).
  2. (colloquial) kilometre or kilometres. We drove 15 ks before we realised Billy wasn't in the back seat.
  3. (colloquial) thousand or thousands. Just about 65 k of Jack's full salaray comes from servicing the Baker account.
  4. The SI measurement value of 1,000
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{en-abbr}}
  1. See K
  2. (colloquial, texting, Internet slang) abbreviation of okay (Also spelled 'kay.)
kabillion {{wikipedia}} etymology See + illion. Possibly influenced by Arabic kabīr = "big".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hyperbole) An unspecified large number (of).
Synonyms: See also .
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative spelling of kablooie
    • {{quote-journal}}
kablooie Alternative forms: ka-blooey, ka-blooie, kablooey, kerblooie, kerplooie etymology ka-, an intensifier used with onomatopoeia, plus (probably) an imaginative rendition of an explosion or splash. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A failure, meltdown; or explosion; a splat or splash. The bottle of ketchup hit the floor and went kablooie all over everything.
Most frequently used in the phrase to go kablooie or it went kablooie.
Kaffir etymology From Arabic كفار 〈kfạr〉 or كافر 〈kạfr〉, both from كفر 〈kfr〉. pronunciation
  • /ˈkæfə(ɹ)/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (obsolete) A blanket term for various native peoples of southern Africa.
  2. (South Africa, offensive) A black person.
  3. A non-believer.
kaffir Alternative forms: caffre, kaffer, kafir, kaphar, kaphir, kafari etymology From Arabic كفار 〈kfạr〉 or كافر 〈kạfr〉, both from كفر 〈kfr〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, pejorative, offensive, ethnic slur) A black person.
kai etymology From Maori, from Proto-Polynesian *kai, from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən. pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (NZ, informal) food
    • 1995, Graeme Williams, The FAQ Actually, I'm not sure I like these new hangis using the foil, it tends to stop the juices getting through to the stones and I reckon the hangi kai is drier to the palate.
    • 2003, "RK", Maori TV (on newsgroup nz.general) i.e. they'll spend the first four hours enthusiastic as can be, then get bored, want some kai, go down to the local fish and chip shop & bottle store & spend the rest of the episode telling drunken stories of how they used to steal from the "pakeha that owned the store on the corner" and about days spent down at the social welfare office.
    • 2003, "Carmen", Is there really a censor in NZ?! (on newsgroup nz.general) Got to go now and get some kai.
kajillion {{wikipedia}} etymology See + illion
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hyperbole) An unspecified large number (of).
Synonyms: See also .
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) plural of kajillion
etymology 1 From Khmer កាក់ 〈កាក់〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to a 1/100th of a Cambodian riel.
etymology 2 From the Afrikaans kak, from Dutch kak.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Africa, slang) shit
Kalashnikov {{wikipedia}} etymology Named after its Russian designer , in Russian: Калашников (Kalášnikov) pronunciation
  • (UK) /kəˈlæʃ.nɪˌkɒf/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /kəˈlæʃnəˌkɑf/
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. a particular model of Russian assault rifle.
  2. A transliteration of a Russian surname.
kale {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English cawul, Old English cāwel, from Latin caulis; compare cole, Icelandic kál, German Kohl. pronunciation
  • /keɪl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An edible plant, similar to cabbage, with curled leaves that do not form a dense head (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)
  2. (slang) money
    • {{quote-book }}
  3. Any of several cabbage-like food plants that are kinds of Brassica oleracea.
Synonyms: borecole
  • lake, leak
kamaʻaina Alternative forms: kamaaina, kama'aina etymology From Hawaiian kamaʻāina.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Hawaii, slang) Someone who is of Hawaiian origin; a local.
  • haole
kamikaze {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˌkæmɪˈkɑːzi/
etymology From Japanese 神風 〈shén fēng〉 (かみかぜ 〈kamikaze〉).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An attack requiring the suicide of the one carrying it out, especially when done with an aircraft.
  2. One who carries out a suicide attack, especially with an aircraft.
  3. (colloquial) One who takes excessive risks, as for example in a sporting event.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To destroy (a ship, etc.) in a suicide attack, especially by crashing an aircraft.
  2. (intransitive) To carry out a suicide attack, especially by crashing an aircraft.
  3. (intransitive, slang) To fail disastrous.
kangaroo bar
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) A metal bar or framework of bars on the front of a vehicle to protect it during collision with kangaroo or cattle.
    • 1969, , Volume 130, [http//|%22kangaroo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22kangaroo+bar%22|%22kangaroo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OwCUT9GuGu6OiAfY07GtBA&redir_esc=y page 38], The kangaroo bar is attached to the car at five points. Two bottom tubes are fixed via big plate brackets running inside the grille, the two top ones attach to the insides of the wing “walls” and a central lower one looks like a conventional car′s starting handle tube which is welded to the very strong front cross-member.
    • 1999, Tony Horwitz, One for the Road: An Outback Adventure, [http//|%22kangaroo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&dq=%22kangaroo+bar%22|%22kangaroo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=K_6TT6L6FeGeiAeqhrWZBA&redir_esc=y page 21], Being a Yank, it takes me a moment to realize that a kangaroo bar is the metal guard I noticed on the front of his truck.
    • 2008, Emilio Gabbrielli, Polenta and Goanna, [http//|%22kangaroo+bars%22+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=K_yTT9z3F4ahmQXqq5TPAQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22kangaroo%20bar%22|%22kangaroo%20bars%22%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 154], I had four apples with me, and since they had to be destroyed before crossing the border I put two into the bin and ate the other two leaning on the kangaroo bar fitted to the front of the ute.
Synonyms: bull bar, roo bar
kangaroo piss From kangaroo + piss.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Used other than as an idiom: kangaroo, piss
    • 2006, Tom Parry, Thumbs Up Australia: Hitchhiking the Outback, unnumbered page, Kangaroo piss is like a concentrated version of cat urine, possessing an all-pervading, unmistakeable tang.
  2. (Australia, vulgar, slang) Beer, especially of inferior quality.
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
    • {{quote-newsgroup }}
Synonyms: donkey piss, horse piss
kanigget Alternative forms: kaniggit, knigget, kniggit etymology Written representation of a spelling pronunciation of knight. From the 1975 film Monty Python and the Holy Grail, in which French soldiers taunt the English knights in broken English. pronunciation
  • /kəˈnɪɡət/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) knight
  2. (humorous) Used as a general insult.
kano etymology Ultimately from Spanish americano.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Philippines, slang) A male American.
kaput pronunciation
  • [kəˈpʊt]
Alternative forms: kaputt etymology From German kaputt, though more often rendered in English; via Yiddish קאַפּוט 〈qʼaṗwt〉. The same word has also been borrowed by many other languages, with approximately the same meaning.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Out of order; not working; broken. My car is kaput. His career is kaput. Her marriage is kaput.
    • 1998, Saving Private Ryan German propaganda loudspeaker: (...) The Statue of Liberty is KAPUT. Captain Miller: "The Statue of Liberty is kaput" – huh, that's disconcerting.
kaputt etymology From German through Yiddish.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) alternative spelling of kaput
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (slang) Kaput.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hyperbole) An unspecified large number (of).
Synonyms: See also
katrillionaire etymology katrillion + aire
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An extremely wealthy person.
    • 2006, Eliza Minot, The Brambles, Knopf (2006), ISBN 1400042690, page 58: {{…}} a sort of modern-day Sabrina-esque story where a young woman, Abby (played by the lovely Chloe Eliot), the daughter of a deeply indebted, widowed summer cook in the Hamptons, ends up living happily ever after with a self-made katrillionaire Bill Gates type (but he's handsome, young, and hip) whose life isn't as easy as it sounds, {{…}}
    • 2008, David Segal, "Lost Souls", The Washington Post, 28 October 2008: But nowhere else has the cachet-turned-baggage of Greenwich, long a home to blue-blood families (this is where the Bush family dwelled for years) and more recently a haven for Wall Street's new money, such as hedge-fund katrillionaire Steve Cohen.
    • 2010, Jacquinita A. Rose, Shhh, Grown Folks Is Talking: The Stuff I Learned from the Kitchen Door, Grown Folks' Publishing (2010), ISBN 9780985419912, page 102: When I am reading I hold the world right here in the palm of my hand. The stars are my fingertips. I am Queen and ruler of all nations. I am the healer of the poor. I am a katrillionaire.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
katsap etymology From Ukrainian каца́п 〈kacáp〉, prefixed form of цап 〈cap〉, invoking an image of a stereotypical Russian man with a goatee beard.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) a Russian, especially from Ukrainian perspective
    • 2012, Amir Weiner, Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution, p. 247: In the short run, the katsap peril was even more concrete.
Not fully naturalized, often used in italics.
KatyCat Alternative forms: Katycat etymology Katy + cat, as a play on kitty cat.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of American singer Katy Perry.
    • 2012, Travel 3sixty (AirAsia in-flight magazine), January 2012, page 25 (image caption): The colourful pop queen entertains KatyCats with hits from her third studio album Teenage Dream at Jakarta's Sentul International Convention Centre.
    • 2013, Moriba Cummings, "Is The 'Applause' Louder Than The 'Roars'?", The Maroon Tiger (Morehouse College), Volume 88, Number 1, 28 August 2013 - 4 September 2013, page 11: The timely releases of each single has even caused a divide between Perry's KatyCats and Gaga's Monsters (the artists' respective fan bases), …
    • 2013, Michael Conroy, "A Tale of Two Princesses", The De Paulia (DePaul University), Volume 98, Issue 9, 18 November 2013, page 19: So whether you are a die-hard Little Monster or a loyal KatyCat, or you are just looking for some good new pop music to dance to now that winter is coming, I recommend enjoying "PRISM" AND "ARTPOP."
kay Alternative forms: (abbreviation of okay) 'kay pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
interjection: {{en-interjection}}
  1. (colloquial) abbreviation of okay
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. {{Latn-def}}
  2. (colloquial) A kilometer.
  • yak
kaylied Alternative forms: kalied etymology {{rfe}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (British, slang) Extremely drunk. He got completely kaylied last night.
kazillion Kazillion is a work or expression used to express an excessively large undefinable amount, beyond infinite. It is used by Sacha Baron Cohen when he interprets the character Ali G and is used in his interview series, when he interviews a prominent scientist. etymology See + illion
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, hyperbole) An unspecified large number (of).
Synonyms: kajillion, See also .
etymology 1
symbol: {{head}}
  1. kilobyte, also written as kB
etymology 2
initialism: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. knowledge base
etymology 3
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. West Kalimantan, a province of Indonesia.
etymology 4 Abbreviation of kine bud.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) High-grade marijuana.
Synonyms: kine bud, kine bud, KBs, heads, headies
coordinate terms:
  • mersh, regs, schwag
  • mids, middies
KBs etymology Abbreviation of kine bud + s (possibly either genitive or plural).
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) High-grade marijuana.
Synonyms: kine bud, kine bud, KB, heads, headies
coordinate terms:
  • mersh, regs, schwag
  • mids, middies
kebab {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: kabob, kebap, kabab, kebob etymology From Turkish kebap, from Arabic كباب 〈kbạb〉 or Persian کباب 〈ḵbạb〉.{{R:Merriam Webster Online}} pronunciation
  • (AusE) /kəˈbæb/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (RP) /kɪˈbæb/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (GenAm) /kɪˈbɑb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British) A dish of pieces of meat, fish, or vegetable roasted on a skewer or spit.
  2. (US) A shish kebab or any other food on a skewer.
  3. (slang, offensive) A Muslim, usually of Arab descent.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To roast in the style of a kebab.
  2. (transitive, slang) To stab or skewer.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) Quebecer; Québécois person
keel over
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, nautical) Of a vessel: to roll so far on its side that it cannot recover; to capsize or turn turtle.
  2. (intransitive, idiomatic) To collapse in a faint; to black out; to die. We should all go inside, before somebody keels over from the heat.
keen pronunciation
  • /kiːn/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • Homophones: Keane, Keene
etymology 1 From Middle English kene, from Old English cēne, from Proto-Germanic *kōniz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenə-, *ǵnō-. Cognate with Scots keen, Dutch koen, German kühn, Danish køn, Icelandic kænn. Related to Old English cunnan. More at cunning, can. Alternative forms: keene, kene (archaic)
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. showing a quick and ardent willingness or responsiveness, enthusiastic, eager; interested, intense.
  2. vehement; fierce; as, a keen appetite.
    • {{rfdate}}, Of full keen will.
    • {{rfdate}}, Shakespeare So keen and greedy to confound a man.
  3. sharp; having a fine edge or point.
    • {{rfdate}} , : That my keen knife see not the wound it makes.
  4. acute of mind; sharp; penetrating; having or expressing mental acuteness.
    • {{rfdate}}, To make our wits more keen.
    • {{rfdate}}, Before the keen inquiry of her thought.
  5. bitter; piercing; acrimonious; cutting; stinging; severe; as, keen satire or sarcasm.
    • {{rfdate}} Good father cardinal, cry thou amen to my keen curses.
  6. piercing; penetrating; cutting; sharp; -- applied to cold, wind, etc,; as, a keen wind; the cold is very keen.
    • {{rfdate}}, Breasts the keen air, and carols as he goes.
  7. (often, with "to" + infinitive or with a prepositional phrase) Enthusiastic I'm keen to learn another language. I'm keen on learning another language. I'm keen on languages. I'm keen about learning languages. I'm keen for help. "Do you want to learn another language?" / "I'm keen."
  8. (US, informal, dated) Marvelous. I just got this peachy keen new dress.
  9. (UK) extremely low as to be competitive. keen prices
  10. (obsolete) brave, courageous; bold, audacious.
  • Keen is often used in the composition of words, most of which are of obvious signification; as, keen-edged, keen-eyed, keen-sighted, keen-witted, etc.
Synonyms: prompt; eager; ardent; sharp; acute; cutting; penetrating; biting; severe; sarcastic; satirical; piercing; shrewd., See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, rare) To sharpen; to make cold.
    • {{rfdate}}, Thomson. Cold winter keens the brightening flood.
etymology 2 From Irish caoin.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A prolonged wail for a deceased person.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) To utter a keen.
    • {{rfdate}} Stuart Howard-Jones (1904-1974), Hibernia. Collected in The New Oxford Book of English Light Verse, 1978. Keen—meaning 'brisk'? Nay, here the Language warps:'Tis singing bawdy Ballads to a Corpse.
  2. (transitive) To utter with a loud wailing voice or wordless cry.
    • Brightly Burning, Mercedes Lackey, 2001, “Satiran, lost in his own grief, shuddered once, then lifted his head to the sky and keened out his loss to the heavens.”
  3. (transitive) To mourn.
    • Seed of the fire, page 28, Virginia Brodine, 1996, “I keened my Gran, I keened my babies, but then my words poured out of my grief. I don 't have the full heart like that for Owen, sorry as I am for his goin. Without the heavy grief on me I can maybe think of the words easier”
related terms:
  • keener
  • keeness
  • knee
adjective: {{head}}
  1. en-comparative of keen
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (dated) One who keen at a funeral.
  2. (informal, UK, Canada) Someone who is excessive keen or eager, possibly making others look bad; a brown-noser.
keeno etymology keen + o?
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, derogatory) A pupil who works hard; a swot.
    • 1998, Kevan Bleach, Raising boys' achievement in schools page 47) There was a perception that a pupil could be clever, yet not a 'keeno', so long as one's display of ability was not too overt. Such 'cool' cleverness is an attribute for the astute teacher to foster in boys!
    • 2004, Sue Cowley, Sue Cowley's A-Z of Teaching (page 18) Those in the back row are the rebels, who are hoping to get away with messing around or doing some marking. Those who sit at the front are the keenos who have all the answers.
    • 2011, Steve Backshall, Looking For Adventure I was one of my year's only sad keenos, which resulted in me at perhaps thirteen years old competing in the district sports 1500-metres event…
keeper {{wikipedia}} etymology keep + er pronunciation
  • (RP) /ˈkiːpə/
  • (GenAm) /ˈkiːpɚ/
  • {{audio}} {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. One who keep something. Finders keepers; losers weepers.
  2. (slang) A person or thing worth keeping. You can throw out all the blurry photos, but the one with her and her daughter is certainly a keeper.
    • 2005, , Volume 122, Issues 7-12, page 101, When he brought me home and volunteered to come with me while I walked my dog, Max, I knew he was a keeper.
    • 2008, Jennifer Zomar, A Candle for the Children, page 28, We hadn't dated for long when he said those three magic words: "I'll cook tonight." I knew he was a keeper.
    • 2008, Sherri Erwin, Naughty Or Nice, page 247, "Fine," I agreed. “But, Josh, my sister and I can handle it. You sit, watch football with the guys.” “I would rather stick close to you. Besides, I love cleaning up.” “I knew he was a keeper,” Gran said.
  3. A person charged with guarding or caring for, storing, or maintaining something; a custodian, a guard; sometimes a gamekeeper.
  4. (sports) The player charged with guarding a goal or wicket. Short form of goalkeeper, wicketkeeper.
    • {{quote-news }}
  5. A part of a mechanism that catches or retains another part, for example the part of a door lock that fits in the frame and receives the bolt.
  6. (American football) An offensive play in which the quarterback runs toward the goal with the ball after it is snap.
  7. One who remains or keeps in a place or position.
    • Bible, Titus ii. 5 discreet; chaste; keepers at home
    • 1971, H. R. F. Keating, The Strong Man I was not altogether surprised: they seemed to be, even more than people in the surrounding wolds, stolid keepers-to-themselves, impossible to stir, dourly determined to stick to the firm routine of their lives…
  8. A fruit that keeps well.
    • Downing The Roxbury Russet is a good keeper.
keep it on the barber pole etymology From the artificial horizon used in aircraft, which is similar to a barber's pole
verb: to keep it on the barber pole
  1. (intransitive, slang) To do something correctly.
It is a variation of the colloquial “straighten up and fly right” expression with a similar meaning. Its origin is that in many airplanes the artificial horizon has a solid pattern above the horizon indicator and strips (similar to a barber pole’s) below this line. When the plane indicator is sitting “on the barber pole” the airplane is flying level.
keep it real
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To be authentic, true to oneself; to be cool.
  2. In the imperative, an exhortation used as a departing salutation.
keep one's hair on
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, British, colloquial) To stay calm; to be patient. All right, all right, just keep your hair on, mate.
    • 1901, , (translator), , “Oh, nothing, nothing!” “Yes, there’s something. I mean to know!” “Keep your hair on; it’s nothing.” “Out with it!” cried Addie, scarlet with rage. And he flew at Jaap’s throat.
Synonyms: (to be patient) keep one's shirt on
  • (to stay calm) get one's bowels in an uproar, get one's knickers in a knot
keep shady
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) To stay in concealment.
  2. (slang) To be reticent.
keep shtum Alternative forms: keep schtum pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial, idiomatic) Don't tell anyone; especially, keep silent about something that may be sensitive or secret. If I tell you, you have to promise to keep shtum about it.
Synonyms: keep mum, mum's the word
keepsies etymology keep + sies. Compare backsies, halfsies, swapsies.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (childish) The act of keep something, especially something wager as part of a game. We'll be playing for keepsies.
  • funsies
keep someone company
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic) To remain with or accompany someone, especially to make them feel more comfortable with a certain situation. I'm a bit nervous, could you keep me company while I wait for my blind date to arrive?

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