The Alternative English Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.


long lens
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (photography, informal) A telephoto lens.
long paddock
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Australia, colloquial) The grass verge of a public road, used as a source of pasture for cattle, sheep, etc, in times of drought; the stock route to market.
    • 2004 April 10, Time′s up for the long paddock, , However, Bradford insists life on the long paddock is nowhere near as wild as it was at the height of the drought, when the routes were crawling with hungry stock and often being closed to prevent overgrazing.
    • 2006, , Issues 6536-6544, page 18, With no grass to eat at home, cattle are heading for the abattoirs or are going droving down the long paddock.
    • 2006, Marion Houldsworth, From Gulf to God Knows Where, page 53, As a last resource Dad had got the 2000 sheep he′d been able to save in a black soil paddock beside the road ready to go on the track and follow ‘the long paddock’ with them2.
    • 2011, Clancy Tucker, Gunnedah Hero, unnumbered page, ‘Smokey, do you think Dad will still go up the long paddock with our cattle?’ asked Angus as we neared the school.
longtail etymology long + tail
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A common designation for an animal that has an unusually long tail relative to similar species.
  2. In Bermuda, an alternative name for the white-tailed tropicbird.
  3. A longtail boat.
  4. (colloquial) In the Isle of Man, a rat.
The colloquial usage derives from a relatively modern superstition that it is considered bad luck to use the word "rat".
long time no see {{wikipedia}} etymology unknown. Attested US 1901,{{R:OED}} presented as pidgin English by a Native American. Possibly a calque of Chinese cmn {{zh-tsp}}, comparable to no can do or chop-chop – if so, most likely US Chinatown origin, alternatively British Far East such as Hong Kong.[[w:Eric Partridge|Partridge, Eric]], and Beale, Paul (2002). [ ''A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English''], p. 1386. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-29189-5, ISBN 978-0-415-29189-7. Alternatively, native American origin, or native coinage as pidgin, particularly in cinematic portrayals of native Americans; compare language used by Tonto (1930s).
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (idiomatic) I (or we) have not seen you for a long time. Dave! Long time no see! How’s Boston been treating you?
    • 1901, W. F. Drannan, Thirty-One Years on the Plains and in the Mountains: Good morning. Long time no see you.
loo {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /luː/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 Uncertain; possible origins include:
  • French lieu, short for lieux d'aisances ‘toilets’, literally ‘places of convenience’.{{R:Webster NWCD 1988}}
  • A particular brand of early toilet cisterns, trademarked 'Waterloo'.
A common folk etymology is that the word comes from the exclamation gardyloo, from French garde à l'eau ‘mind the water!’, used when emptying dirty water or slops out of a window onto the public sidewalk or street.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, Australia, NZ, UK) A toilet.
    • 2006, Garth Thompson, Dov Fedler, The Guide′s Guide to Guiding, 3rd Edition, Jacana Media, South Africa, [http//|%22loos%22+toilet+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jfWkT5yOJ6vEmQWortzhBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22loo%22|%22loos%22%20toilet%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 160], Ensure that the tents are well-sited and clean, rubbish bins empty and that the loos have toilet paper.
    • 2009, Katharina Kane, The Gambia and Senegal, Lonely Planet, [http//|%22loos%22+toilet+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jfWkT5yOJ6vEmQWortzhBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22loo%22|%22loos%22%20toilet%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 275], The lack of running water in rural areas often makes Western-style loos hygienic disasters. Suddenly the noncontact squat toilet doesn′t look like such a bad option any more (as long as you roll up your trouser legs).
    • 2010, Meegan Jones, Sustainable Event Management: A Practical Guide, Earthscan, [http//|%22loos%22+toilet+-intitle:%22%22+-inauthor:%22%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jfWkT5yOJ6vEmQWortzhBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22loo%22|%22loos%22%20toilet%20-intitle%3A%22%22%20-inauthor%3A%22%22&f=false page 206], Waterless urinals are a great way of keeping the guys out of the cubicle toilets, keeping the urine separated from the solid waste (when using composting loos) and reducing water consumption if you have flush loos.
etymology 2 Shortened form of lanterloo.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The card game lanterloo.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To beat in the game of loo by winning every trick. {{rfquotek}}
etymology 3 From Hindi उल्का 〈ulkā〉, from Sanskrit उल्का 〈ulkā〉.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A hot, dusty wind in Bihar and the Punjab.
    • 1888, Rudyard Kipling, ‘The Man Who Would be King’, The Phantom ’Rickshaw and Other Tales, Folio Society 2005, p. 135: It was a pitchy black night, as stifling as a June night can be, and the loo, the red-hot wind from the westward, was booming among the tinder-dry trees and pretending that the rain was on its heels.
loogan etymology Origin unknown. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈluːɡən/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US slang, dated) A fool.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, p. 160: ‘You think he sent that loogan after you?’ ‘What's a loogan?’ ‘A guy with a gun.’
loogie {{wikipedia}} etymology Origin unknown; possibly from Luger, Lou, Lue or Louie; possibly from the name of the baseball player (from the habit of baseball players of spitting); possible variant of booger. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /ˈluːɡi/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A thick quantity of sputum, usually containing phlegm.
  2. (US, slang) Any thick, disgusting liquid.
  • goolie
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Lieutenant.
    • 1920, Journal of the Fifty-Third National Encampment Grand Army of the Republic, Government Printing Office, page 90: "Dress up that line there," one sergeant with three gold stripes shouted to his company of majors, second "looies," and privates.
    • 1991, Schroeck, Robert W., GURPS Supers: I.S.T., Steve Jackson Games, ISBN 1-55634-192-X, page 5: [...] any more than a second lieutenant in Fort Dix will have a direct involvement with the doings of Congress. Even the "employers" of the ISTs, the security council, should remain as distant from the characters as the Joint Chiefs of Staff are from that second looie.
look {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English loken, lokien, from Old English lōcian, from Proto-Germanic *lōkōną; akin to Proto-Germanic *lōgijaną. Further origin unknown, no certain cognates outside Germanic.{{R:Philippa EWN 2009|look}} The English word, however, is cognate with Scots luke, luik, leuk, Western Frisian lôkje, loaitsje, Dutch loeken, Low German löken. Compare also German lugen, lügen. pronunciation
  • /lʊk/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • (some Northern Enɡlish dialects (esp. Bolton, Liverpool)), /luːk/; (Liverpool usually) /-uːx/
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, often, with "at") To try to see, to pay attention to with one’s eyes. exampleLook at my new car!  Don’t look in the closet. Look at my new car!  Don’t look in the closet.〉
    • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 5 , “Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady.…She looked around expectantly, and recognizing Mrs. Cooke's maid…Miss Thorn greeted her with a smile which greatly prepossessed us in her favor.”
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 10 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.”
  2. To appear, to seem. exampleIt looks as if it’s going to rain soon. 〈It looks as if it’s going to rain soon.〉
  3. (copulative) To give an appearance of being. exampleThat painting looks nice.
  4. (intransitive, often, with "for") To search for, to try to find.
  5. To face or present a view. exampleThe hotel looks over the valleys of the HinduKush.
    • Bible, Book of Ezekiel xi. 1 the east gate…which looketh eastward
  6. To expect or anticipate. exampleI look to each hour for my lover’s arrival. 〈I look to each hour for my lover’s arrival.〉
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) looking each hour into death's mouth to fall
  7. (transitive) To express or manifest by a look.
    • Lord Byron (1788-1824) Soft eyes looked love to eyes which spake again.
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 2, chapter 6, Monk Samson, “Once, slipping the money clandestinely, just in the act of taking leave, he slipt it not into her hand but on the floor, and another had it; whereupon the poor Monk, coming to know it, looked mere despair for some days{{nb...}}.”
  8. (transitive, often, with "to") To make sure of, to see to.
    • 1898, Homer, Samuel Butler (translator), "Look to it yourself, father," answered Telemachus, "for they say you are the wisest counsellor in the world, and that there is no other mortal man who can compare with you.{{nb...}}
  9. (dated, sometimes, figurative) To show oneself in looking. exampleLook out of the window [i.e. lean out] while I speak to you.
    • William Shakespeare (1564-1616) My toes look through the overleather.
  10. (transitive, obsolete) To look at; to turn the eyes toward.
    • {{RQ:EHough PrqsPrc}} Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes.…She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now,{{nb...}}.
  11. (transitive, obsolete) To seek; to search for.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) Looking my love, I go from place to place.
  12. (transitive, obsolete) To expect. {{rfquotek}}
  13. (transitive, obsolete) To influence, overawe, or subdue by looks or presence. exampleto look down opposition
    • John Dryden (1631-1700) A spirit fit to start into an empire, / And look the world to law.
  14. {{senseid}}(baseball) To look at a pitch as a batter without swinging at it. exampleThe fastball caught him looking. exampleClem Labine struck Mays out looking at his last at bat. exampleIt's unusual for Mays to strike out looking. He usually takes a cut at it.
hyponyms: {{checksense}}
  • stare
  • gaze
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The action of looking, an attempt to see. exampleLet’s have a look under the hood of the car.
  2. (often plural) Physical appearance, visual impression. exampleShe got her mother’s looks. exampleI don’t like the look of the new design.
    • {{RQ:Mrxl SqrsDghtr}} exampleHe tried to persuade Cicely to stay away from the ball-room for a fourth dance.…But she said she must go back, and when they joined the crowd again her partner was haled off with a frightened look to the royal circle, […].
  3. A facial expression. exampleHe gave me a dirty look. exampleIf looks could kill ...
  • {{rank}}
  • kolo, kool
look at you
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (derogatory) Sarcastically drawing attention to somebody's appearance or behaviour. Ooh, look at you in your new suit!
lookbook Alternative forms: look book pronunciation /lʊkbʊk/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (fashion, colloquial) A comprehensive directory of fashion-related companies and people, such as fashion designer, industry figures, brands and retail stores.
  2. (fashion, colloquial) A printed showcase of still images of a fashion designer or fashion brand’s collection with pages bound along one side.
    • {{quote-news}}
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (fashion, colloquial) To locate fashion-related information by means of a directory. She lookbooked a little black dress in order to locate one that she desired.
looker pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology to look + -er
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (literally) One that looks (actively), watch.
  2. One having a specific look, appearance.
  3. (slang) Someone or something who is remarkably good-looking. Wow, your new man is much more of a looker than your last one!
related terms:
  • looker-on, onlooker
  • relook
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Someone who looks things up
look-see etymology From cpi.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A brief examination, a peek or glance. I'll just take a look-see at the problem and come right back, then we can go to lunch.
looky Alternative forms: lookee, lookie etymology None of the various attested forms appear in the OED, in Victor & Dalzell’s Concise New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, nor in Webster’s New Universal Unabridged Dictionary. According to the RHD, 'looky' (also 'lookee') is an interjection attested from 1875–80 which is an alternative form of the imperative look ye! Similarly, the linguist Andrew L. Sihler indicates that ye, the now-archaic subjective form of the English 2nd pers. plural pronoun, “is fossilized in looky (here) …”.
verb: {{head}}
  1. (humorous, colloquial) Look.
    • 1876, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Lookee here, Tom, being rich ain't what it's cracked up to be.
    • 1877, Burdette, Robert Jones. The Rise and Fall of the Mustache: And Other ‘Hawk-eyetems’. Burlington Publishing Co., 1877. p. 15. "… Cain would shout ‘Oh, lookee, lookee pa! what’s that?’"
    • 1936, The American Mercury "Looky thar!" "All right, I can see that hole, all right, but the argument was whether the earth was round or flat, and I say it's round!"
    • 1989, Elizabeth Jolley, The Travelling Entertainer The old man is cackling. "Looky here, looky here." He's got four little bright coins on his outstretched trembling hand.
Looky is almost always used imperative, and followed by "here", "there", or "at".
looky-loo etymology Reduplicative from look.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) One who look or stare; a gawker.
    • 2009, Stephen Prins, Save That Man (page 162) I looked away and cursed under my breath, waving angrily at some looky-loos who are slowing down and craning their necks to see their quota of other people's misery for the day.
loon {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English loun. Folk etymology associates it slang-wise with lunatic; see loony.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. idler, lout
  2. (chiefly, Scotland, Ulster) boy, lad
  3. (chiefly, Scotland) harlot; mistress
  4. (chiefly, Scotland) simpleton
  5. (slang) crazy or deranged person
  6. (Ireland) English Soldier of an expeditionary army in Ireland.
Synonyms: (crazy person): lunatic, psycho, wacko
etymology 2 Of Scandinavian origin, akin to Old Norse lómr, compare lament.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, Canada) Any of various bird, of the order Gaviiformes, of North America and Europe that dive for fish and have a short tail, webbed feet and a yodeling cry.
Synonyms: (bird of order Gaviiformes) diver
looner etymology Shortened form of balloon with -er.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) One who has a balloon fetish.
    • 1999, Katharine Gates, Deviant Desires: Incredibly Strange Sex Many looners are terrified of talking about it in case they might be accused of being pederasts. They fear that a psychologist would just label them as "sick."
looney tunes etymology Extension of loony by reference to the cartoon series .
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (colloquial, humorous) Loony, crazy, insane.
    • 1988, Denise Ohio, The Finer Grain, Naiad Press, ISBN 0941483118, page 23, He'd look at me sort of sideways and say all the time, you're losing it, Amy, honey, you are going looney tunes.
    • 2002, Tony Spivey, Covered Ground, Iriswhite Publishing, ISBN 097110722X, page 12, I thought him crazy. / Pure looney tunes.
    • 2004, Lee Driver, The Unseen, Full Moon Pub., ISBN 096660217X, page 35, "Well, you should have found out if she was looney tunes first."
looney-tunes etymology From the adjective looney tunes.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, humorous) Loony, crazy, insane person.
    • 2002, David A. Enyart, Creative Anticipation: Narrative Sermon Designs for Telling the Story, Xlibris Corporation, ISBN 1401059783, page 155, Have we, as our culture so often claims, committed our lives to absurdity? Are we religious Looney-Tunes marching to the beat of a demonic drummer?
    • 2002, Robert S. Levinson, Hot Paint: A Neil Gulliver and Stevie Marriner Novel, Tor/Forge, ISBN 0765302314, page 295, Like that looney-tunes in Salt Lake City killed by the police after he gunned down a woman and a security guard and wounded four others at the Mormon Family History Library.
    • 2005, Jack Myers, Row House Days: Tales from a Southwest Philadelphia Childhoo, Infinity Publishing, ISBN 0741424797, page 229, Otherwise, if you let these looney-tunes have the general run of the everyday world, there's no telling what kinds of destruction they may cause if left unchecked.
loonie {{wikipedia}} etymology loon + ie from the depiction of a loon on the reverse (tail-side) of the Canadian one-dollar coin. pronunciation
  • (CA) {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Canada, informal) The Canadian dollar (both the coin and the monetary unit).
loonily etymology loony + ly
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (informal) In a loony manner; crazily.
loony bin Alternative forms: looney bin
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A lunatic asylum.
    • {{quote-book }} And perhaps, of course, her dreams had seemed more real to other people, too, than life could be—there was always that impossibility, more real than anything which seemed merely possible—at least in this old house by the roaring waves, this loony bin.
Synonyms: See
loony left {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, Australia, NZ, pejorative) Left-wing politician or activist whose policies or idea are considered to be ridiculous or too politically correct.
    • 1986: Headline in The Guardian, 18 Nov 1986 Tories Play Loony Left Card
    • 1988: Michael Urben, Biography and Education The Earl of Halsbury ([Hansard] 1986 p310) spoke of how he had been ‘warned that the loony left is hardening up the lesbian camp and that they are becoming increasingly aggressive'.
    • 1988: John Twitchin, Introduction to The Black and White Media Book The term ‘anti-racist' has become associated with ‘left-wing sentimentality', not to say ‘loony left extremism'.
    • 1989: Fred Sedgwick, Here Comes the Assembly Man: A Year in the Life of a Primary School (referring to an event in 1988) I sold the story to The Sun for school funds. They led with TROUBLESOME TOT over another piece about LESBIAN LOONY LEFT IN RIOTS.
    • 1992: Kenneth (EDT) Plummer, Modern Homosexualities: Fragments of Lesbian and Gay Experiences, referring to "leaflets distributed by the Conservative Party local constituency association in Surbiton before the May 1991 elections": They claimed that the London Boroughs Grant Scheme should be eliminated so that ‘public money' would no longer be spent on ‘"loony left" projects such as black lesbian groups'.
    • 1995: Peter Dorey, British Politics Since 1945 The exaggerations of the Thatcher [Conservative] governments, and the fabrications of the tabloid press, concerning the measures invoked by certain Labour councils in order to tackle discrimination and disadvantage led to coinage of the term 'loony Left'. The Government and its allies in the media ridiculed and reviled the principles and policies of such Labour councils, leading people to believe that one would not be allocated a job or house unless one was a disabled vegetarian single-parent lesbian from an 'ethnic minority' background.
    • 1996: Mark McKenna, The Captive Republic: A History of Republicanism in Australia 1788-1996 (quoting Dr John Hewson, Leader of the Opposition) The republican resolution was an example of the influence of the 'loony left' in the Labor Party.
    • 1996: John Wilson, Understanding Journalism [Political correctness] flourished for a while in what became known as ‘loony left' local authorities where public policies passionately favoured minority needs, the dubious as well as the deserving.
    • 1998: Julia Sudbury, Other Kinds of Dreams: Black Women's Organizations and the Politics of Transformation [Linda] Bellos, who was active in promoting lesbian rights as well as supporting black community initiatives, was depicted as the embodiment of the ‘loony left' and her commitment to opposing racism, sexism and homophobia was caricatured.
    • 1999: Barbara Olsen, Hell to Pay: The Unfolding Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton The Christic Institute, the looniest fringe group of the loony left, which publicised a number of bizarre conspiracy theories in which virtually every ill on earth could be traced to "secret teams" at the CIA involved in the narcotics trade.
    • 2006: Peter Schrag, California: America's High-Stakes Experiment In most cases, they follow not the loony left in the Legislature, but Bush's biggest California backer, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
The following quotation describes the context of the original usage in the "popular press" in the UK in the late 1980s to disparage anti-racist initiatives. It was used similarly by them to disparage anti-war, feminist, gay rights and other equal opportunities agendas: 2006: Alison M Jaggar, in Feminist Alliances (ed Linda Burns), p. 29 ISBN 9042017287 As in the United States, multiculturalism was equated with disparaging British and European culture and this theme was taken up with enthusiasm by the popular press who rejoiced in examples of supposed fanaticism on the part of what came to be called the "loony left". In the late 1980s, the Sun, the Daily Mail and the Mail on Sunday ran a seemingly endless series of anti-anti-racist stories. They alleged for instance that left-wing London Education authorities had banned the nursery rhyme, "Baa Baa Black Sheep," along with black garbage bags, and all references to black coffee in staff canteens. Similar reports were associated with councils' plans to multiculturalise London street names. The Sun reported that Hackney council, in East London, was going to transform Britannia Walk to Shaheed-E-Asam Nhagot Singh Avenue. Retractions sometimes followed these blatantly false reports but their cumulative impact was to create an atmosphere of immense public hostility to the "trendy" educationalists now believed to be teaching Britain's youth to despise "British" culture.
loony tune
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) a silly or crazy person.
looped pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of loop
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. having loops
  2. formed into a loop
  3. (of part of a fingerprint) whorled
  4. (slang) drunk
  • poodle
  • pooled
loophole {{wikipedia}} etymology loop + hole pronunciation
  • /ˈluːphəʊl/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A method of escape, especially an ambiguity or exception in a rule that can be exploit in order to avoid its effect.
    • 1839, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist: … I left him no loophole of escape, and laid bare the whole villainy which by these lights became plain as day.
    • 2002, Two Weeks Notice (movie): You have a contract that says you will work until Island Towers is finalized, which I interpret as completion of construction, or I can stop you working elsewhere. And there's no loopholes, because you drafted it and you're the best.
  2. A slit in a castle wall. Later: any similar window for shooting a weapon or letting in light.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe: ... and having a fair loophole, as it were, from a broken hole in the tree, he took a sure aim, without being seen, waiting till they were within about thirty yards of the tree, so that he could not miss.
    • 1809, Maria Edgeworth, The Absentee: There was a loophole in this wall, to let the light in, just at the height of a person's head, who was sitting near the chimney.
    • 1949, George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, page 25: The sun had shifted round, and the myriad windows of the Ministry of Truth, with the light no longer shining on them, looked grim as the loopholes of a fortress.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (military) To prepare a building for defense by preparing slits or holes through which to fire on attacker
loopy pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. having loop A loopy rollercoaster.
  2. (slang) idiotic, crazy or drunk
loose change
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. Coins of little value kept in one's pocket or bag.
  2. (idiomatic) A sum of money considered small or insignificant.
Synonyms: small change, spare change, shrapnel (slang)
loosen the apron strings
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To allow greater freedom (to someone); to relax control of (someone)
    • {{quote-journal }}
  • Not as common since circa 1990, but still used.
loosen the purse strings Alternative forms: loosen the pursestrings, loosen the purse-strings
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To increase spending or allow increased spending; to relax control of spending.
    • {{quote-journal }}
    • {{quote-book }}
  • tighten the purse strings
loosen up
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive) to become loose; to loosen
  2. (colloquial) to relax, act less seriously.
loosey Alternative forms: loosie etymology loose + y
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) A single cigarette, sold individually (“loose”).
    • 2009, Peter Moskos, Killed Over a Loosey, Cop in the Hood blog, February 2, 2009: Killed Over a Loosey A 30-year-old man was chased down by four women and stabbed more than 20 times early Sunday after arguing with them over a broken cigarette, sources said.
loot pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • Homophones: lute
etymology 1 From Middle Dutch loet, loete "scoop, shovel, scraper"; > Modern Dutch loet, from odt *lōta, from Old frk *lōtija, from Proto-Germanic *hlōþþijō, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂- 〈*kleh₂-〉. Cognate with Scots lute, luyt, Western Frisian loete, lete, gml lōte, French louche "ladle"; < Germanic. Related to lade, ladle. Alternative forms: lute
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (UK dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) A kind of scoop or ladle, chiefly used to remove the scum from brine-pans in saltworks.
etymology 2 Attested 1788, a loan from Hindustani लूट 〈lūṭa〉/لوٹ 〈lwٹ〉, from Sanskrit लुण्ट 〈luṇṭa〉. The verb is from 1842. Fallows (1885) records both the noun and the verb as "Recent. Anglo-Indian". In origin only applicable to plundering in warfare. A figurative meaning developed in American English in the 1920s, resulting in a generalized meaning by the 1950s
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The act of plundering. the loot of an ancient city
  2. plunder, booty, especially from a ransacked city.
  3. (colloquial, US) any prize or profit received for free, especially Christmas presents
    • 1956 "Free Loot for Children" (LIFE Magazine, 23 April 1956, p. 131)
  4. (video games) Items dropped from defeated enemies in video game and online game.
Synonyms: swag
related terms:
  • contraband
  • plunder
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. to steal, especially as part of war, riot or other group violence.
    • 1833 "Gunganarian, the leader of the Chooars, continues his system of looting and murder", The asiatic Journal and monthly register for British India and its Dependencies Black, Parbury & Allen, p. 66.
  2. (video games) to examine the corpse of a fallen enemy for loot.
  • LOTO
  • tool
lop pronunciation
  • /lɒp/
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English loppe, from Old English loppe, from Proto-Germanic *luppǭ, from Proto-Germanic *luppijaną. Cognate with Danish loppe, Swedish loppa, Middle High German lüpfen, lupfen.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (Geordie) A flea. {{rfquotek}} Hadway wi ye man, ye liftin wi lops
etymology 2 From Middle English loppe.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, usually with off) To cut off as the top or extreme part of anything, especially to prune a small limb off a shrub or tree, or sometimes to behead someone.
    • 1742, , , Some, for hard masters, broken under arms, In battle lopt away, with half their limbs, Beg bitter bread thro’ realms their valour sav’d,
  2. To hang downward; to be pendent; to lean to one side.
  3. To allow to hang down. to lop the head
Synonyms: (to cut off) snead
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. That which is lopped from anything, such as branches from a tree. {{rfquotek}} {{rfquotek}}
etymology 3 from lopsided.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, slang) (usually offensive) A disabled person, a cripple.
    • 1935: Rex Stout, The League of Frightened Men, p5 "He's a lop; it mentions here about his getting up to the stand with his crippled leg but it doesn't say which one."
  2. Any of several breed of rabbit whose ear lie flat.
  • PLO
  • pol, POL
lopsided pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈlɒp.saɪ.dəd/
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /ˈlɑp.saɪ.dɪd/
  • {{audio}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Not even or balanced; not the same on one side as on the other. Carrying a heavy suitcase, he walked with a lopsided gait.
related terms:
  • top-heavy
loquat etymology From Chinese Cantonese {{zh-tsp}} (older word) Related to kumquat – same second character.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. The {{taxlink}} tree.
  2. The fruit of this tree. It is as large as a small plum, but grows in clusters, and contains four or five large seeds.
Synonyms: {{vern}} (see medlar)
related terms:
  • kumquat
lord {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English lord and lorde (attested from the 15th century), from earlier (14th century) lourde and other variants which dropped the intervocalic vowel of earlier lowerd, louerd, loverd, and laford; from Old English hlāford and hlāfweard, a compound of hlāf + weard; see loaf and ward. The compound is absent in other Germanic languages but related to the Old English hláf-ǽta; it was already being applied broadly prior to the literary development of Old English and was influenced by its common use to translate Latin dominus. Compare Scots laird, preserving a separate vowel development, and modern English lady, from Old English hlǣfdīġe.''Oxford English Dictionary'', 1st ed. "lord, ''n.''". Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1903. pronunciation
  • (UK) /lɔːd/
  • (US) /lɔɹd/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{homophones}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) The master of the servant of a household; (historical) the master of a feudal manor
    • c. 950, Lindisfarne Gospels, Matt. xxiv. 46 Eadig ðe ðegn ðone miððy cymes hlaferd his on-fand sua doende.
    • 1611, King James Bible, Matt. xxiv. 46 Bleſſed is that ſeruant, whom his Lord when he commeth, ſhal find ſo doing.
    • 1600, William Shakespeare, The moſt excellent Hiſtorie of the Merchant of Venice, iii. ii. 167 ff. Por. ...But now, I was the Lord of this fair manſion, maiſter of my ſeruants, Queene oer my ſelfe...
    • 1794, E. Christian in William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, II. 418 Lords of manors are distinguished from other land-owners with regard to the game.
    1. (obsolete) The male head of a household, a father or husband.
      • 831, charter in Henry Sweet, The oldest English texts, 445 Ymbe ðet lond et cert ðe hire eðelmod hire hlabard salde.
      • 1594, William Shakespeare, "The Rape of Lucrece" ...thou worthie Lord, Of that vnworthie wife that greeteth thee
      • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew (1623), v. ii. 131 f. Pet. Katherine, I charge thee, tell theſe head-ſtrong women, What dutie they do owe their Lords and huſbands!
      • 1611, King James Bible, Gen. xviii. 12 Therefore Sarah laughed within her ſelfe, ſaying, After I am wax old, ſhall I haue pleaſure, my lord being old alſo?
      • 1816, Jane Austen, , III. xvi. 300 Yes, here I am, my good friend; and here I have been so long, that anywhere else I should think it necessary to apologise; but, the truth is, that I am waiting for my lord and master.
    2. (obsolete) The owner of a house, piece of land, or other possession
      • ante 1300, Cursor Mundi, 601 f. Als our lauerd has heuen in hand Sua suld man be lauerd of land.
      • 1480, Waterford Archives in the 10th Report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts (1885), App. v. 316 All such lordes as have gutters betuxte thar houses.
      • ante 1637, Ben Jonson, Sad Shepherd, ii. i. 36 A mightie Lord of Swine!
      • 1697, John Dryden translating Publius Virgilius Maro's Æneis, xii Turnus... Wrench'd from his feeble hold the shining Sword; And plung'd it in the Bosom of its Lord.
      • 1874, J. H. Collins, Principles of Metal Mining (1875), Gloss. 139/2 Lord, the owner of the land in which a mine is situated is called the ‘lord’.
  2. One possess similar mastery over others; (historical) any feudal superior generally; any nobleman or aristocrat; any chief, prince, or sovereign ruler
    • c. 893, Orosius's History, i. i. §13 Ohthere sæde his hlaforde, Ælfrede cyninge, þæt...
    • 1530, John Palsgrave, Lesclarcissement, 680/1 It is a pytuouse case... whan subjectes rebel agaynst their natural lorde.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, xii. 70 Man over men He made not Lord.
    1. (historical) A feudal tenant holding his manor directly of the king
    2. A peer of the realm, particularly a temporal one
      • ante 1375, William of Palerne (1867), l.4539 To fare out as fast with his fader to speke, & with lordesse of þat lond.
      • ante 1420, T. Hoccleve, De Regimine Principum, 442 Men myghten lordis know By there array, from oþir folk.
      • 1453, Rolls of Parliament, V. 266/2 If such person be of the estate of a Lord, as Duc, Marques, Erle, Viscount or Baron.
      • 1597, William Shakespeare, The life and death of King Richard the Second, iv.i.18 Princes, and noble Lords: What anſwer ſhall I make to this baſe man?
      • 1614, J. Selden, Titles of Honor, 59 Our English name Lord, whereby we and the Scots stile all such as are of the Greater Nobilitie i. Barons, as also Bishops.
      • 1900 July 21, Daily Express, 5/7 The Englishman of to-day still dearly loves a lord.
    3. (obsolete, uncommon) A baron or lesser nobleman, as opposed to greater ones
      • 1526, W. Bonde, Pylgrimage of Perfection, i. sig. Bviiiv Farre excellyng the state of lordes, erles, dukes or kynges.
      • 1826, Benjamin Disraeli, Vivian Grey, II. iii. iii. 26 The Marquess played off the two Lords and the Baronet against his former friend.
  3. One possess similar mastery in figurative sense (esp. as lord of ~)
    • ante 1300, Cursor Mundi, 782 O wityng bath god and ill Ȝee suld be lauerds at ȝour will.
    • 1398, John Trevisa translating Bartholomew de Glanville's De Proprietatibus Rerum (1495), viii. xvi. 322 The sonne is the lorde of planetes. 1697, John Dryden translating Publius Virgilius Maro as Georgics, iii Love is Lord of all.
    • 1992 November 18, Larry David, Seinfeld, 4.11: "The Contest": But are you still master of your domain? I am king of the county. You? Lord of the manor.
    1. The magnate of a trade or profession
      • 1823, W. Cobbett, Rural Rides (1885), I. 399 Oh, Oh! The cotton Lords are tearing!
  4. (astrology) The heavenly body consider to possess a dominant influence over an event, time, etc.
    • {{circa}} Geoffrey Chaucer, Treatise on the Astrolabe, ii. §4: The assendent, & eke the lord of the assendent, may be shapen for to be fortunat or infortunat, as thus, a fortunat assendent clepen they whan þat no wykkid planet, as Saturn or Mars, or elles the tail of the dragoun, is in þe hows of the assendent.
  5. (British, slang, obsolete) A hunchback.
    • 1699, B.E., A new dictionary of the terms ancient and modern of the canting crew: Lord, a very crooked, deformed... Person.
  6. (British, Australian, via Cockney rhyming slang, obsolete) Sixpence.
    • 1933 November 16, Times Literary Supplement, 782/1: Twenty years ago you might hear a sixpence described as a ‘Lord’ meaning ‘Lord of the Manor’; that is, a tanner.
Synonyms: (master, owner) drighten, possessor, proprietor, sovereign
  • Russian: лорд 〈lord〉
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (intransitive and transitive) Domineer or act like a lord.
  2. (transitive) To invest with the dignity, power, and privileges of a lord. {{rfquotek}}
Lord willing and the creek don't rise Alternative forms:
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (idiomatic, US, informal) Barring unforeseen circumstances. Lord willing and the creek don't rise, we'll have that new barn finished in time for the harvest.
  • This is a variant on more straightforward phrases expressing acceptance of God's will: Lord willing and God willing.
The best known version of this originates from the Bible in James 4:15. In the King James version, that which would have been used during the 18th and 19th centuries, this is, "For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that." The New International Version (NIV) of the Bible, which is in wide usage today, this phrase is "If it is the Lord's will, we will live and do this or that."
  • Numerous alternative forms can be found, some examples of which are shown on the Talk page.
    • For "Lord" common substitutes are "Good Lord" and "God".
    • For "creek", "crick" and "river" are common; also "Creeks" based on an alternative etymology. Some believe "creek" may have once been a reference to the Creek Indian tribe.
Synonyms: (barring unforeseen circumstances) God willing, Lord willing
Los Angelization etymology {{blend}}, after the California city that enjoyed significant post-World War II growth. Alternative forms: losangelization
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) Dispersed ; urban sprawl.
etymology 1 From Middle English losen, from Old English losian. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /luːz/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{audio}}
  • Homophones: loos, Lou’s
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to cease to be in one's possession or capability due to unfortunate or unknown circumstance, event or reason. exampleIf you lose that ten-pound note, you'll be sorry. exampleHe lost his hearing in the explosion. exampleShe lost her position when the company was taken over.
  2. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to find; to go astray from. I lost my way in the forest.
    • Shakespeare He hath lost his fellows.
  3. (transitive) To have (an organ) remove from one's body, especially by accident. exampleJohnny lost a tooth, but kept it for the tooth fairy. exampleHe lost his spleen in a car wreck.
  4. (transitive) To fail to win (a game, competition, trial, etc). exampleWe lost the football match.
    • Dryden I fought the battle bravely which I lost, / And lost it but to Macedonians.
  5. (transitive) To shed (weight). exampleI’ve lost five pounds this week.
  6. (transitive) To experience the death of (someone to whom one has an attachment, such as a relative or friend). exampleShe lost all her sons in the war.
  7. (transitive) To be unable to follow or trace (somebody or something) any longer. exampleThe policeman lost the robber he was chasing. exampleMission control lost the satellite as its signal died down.
  8. (transitive) To cause (somebody) to be unable to follow or trace one any longer. exampleWe managed to lose our pursuers in the forest.
  9. (transitive, informal) To shed, remove, discard, or eliminate. exampleWhen we get into the building, please lose the hat.
  10. Of a clock, to run slower than expected. exampleMy watch loses five minutes a week. exampleIt's already 5:30? My watch must have lost a few minutes.
  11. To cause (someone) the loss of something; to deprive of.
    • Baxter O false heart! thou hadst almost betrayed me to eternal flames, and lost me this glory.
    • 2002, Colin Jones (historian), The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 556: This lost Catholicism … any semblance of a claim to special status, and also highlighted the gains which other religious formations had derived from the Revolution.
  12. To fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss. I lost a part of what he said.
  13. (transitive, archaic) To cause to part with; to deprive of.
    • Sir W. Temple How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves with so much passion?
  • Do not confuse lose with loose.
Synonyms: (cause to cease to be in one's possession) leave behind, mislay, (fail to win (something), (shed (weight) drop, shed, (have (somebody of one's kin) die), (be unable to follow or trace (somebody or something) any longer), (shed, remove, discard, eliminate) ditch, drop, dump, get rid of, jettison, (fail to win (intransitive), (last)
  • (cause to cease to be in one's possession) come across, discover, find, gain, acquire, procure, get, pick up, snag
  • (fail to win (something) win
  • (shed (weight) gain, put on
  • (have (somebody of one's kin) die)
  • (be unable to follow or trace (somebody or something) any longer) find
  • (shed, remove, discard, eliminate) pick up
  • (fail to be the winner) come first, win
etymology 2 From Old French los, loos, from Latin laudes, plural of laus.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (obsolete) Fame, renown; praise.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.12: That much he feared least reprochfull blame / With foule dishonour him mote blot therefore; / Besides the losse of so much loos and fame […].
  • ESOL, Leos, sloe, sole
lose one's lunch
verb: {{head}}
  1. (slang) To vomit, throw up.
lose one's mind Alternative forms: lose her mind, lose his mind, lose my mind, lose their mind, lose your mind etymology lose + one's + mind pronunciation
  • /luːz//wʌns//maɪnd/
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic) To become frustrated, angry.
  2. (idiomatic) To become crazy, insane.
Synonyms: blow one's top, go ape, go apeshit, hit the roof, hit the ceiling, lose it, lose one's cool, lose one's head, lose one's marbles, lose one's rag
lose one's rag
verb: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) To become angry.
    • 1928, Ethel May Dell, The Gate Marked "Private", G. P. Putnam's Sons, page 248, […] he could not have said wherefore. “She was dressed as a bride if you must know,” he said. “But I don’t know what you’ve got to lose your rag about. She’s nothing to you.”
    • c1934, in Famous Plays of 1933–1934, page 449, Doll: Well, I’ll be trotting along. Sorry I lost my rag with […]
    • 1937, Arthur Calder-Marshall, Pie in the Sky, C. Scribner’s sons, page 315, […] home now and was I going to come with him or wasn’t I? And I lost my rag and said, no, it was his duty to take me home, not mine to take him.
    • 1944, in William Boyd (Ed.), Evacuation in Scotland: A Record of Events and Experiments, University of London Press, Ltd., page 187, There is frankness of discussion and remark. For instance, it is quite usual for a visiting member of the staff to ask, ‘How is your temper these days?’ The reply might be, ‘I haven’t lost my rag for a week,’ which is an achievement.
    • 2006, Louise Rennison, Startled by His Furry Shorts, HarperCollins, ISBN 0060853840, page 127–128, The last time I went to God’s house, Call-Me-Arnold lost his rag with me. Which is a bit un-Christian. After all, there was no real damage done vis-à-vis the elderly pensioner’s scarf inferno incident.
    • 2007, Patricia Ferguson, Peripheral Vision, Solidus, ISBN 1904529291, page 295, ‘Come on, everyone loses their rag occasionally. It can’t be that bad. […]’
  • Used with with when the anger is directed at a person When I told him about the accident, he lost his rag with me.
  • Used with about or over when the anger is caused by an event There's no need to lose your rag over missing the train!
Synonyms: blow one's top, go ape, go apeshit, hit the roof, hit the ceiling, lose it, lose one's temper
lose one's shit
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, vulgar) To lose one's temper.
  2. (idiomatic, vulgar) To have a sudden burst of emotion, regardless of the type of feeling "I watched Lady Gaga's Telephone video last night, and I lost my shit."
loser pronunciation
  • /luːzə(ɹ)/
  • (GenAm) /luzɚ/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A person who lose; one who fail to win or thrive. In a two-horse race there is always one winner and one loser. He was always a good loser.
  2. Something of poor quality. That dictionary is a loser!
  3. A person who is frequently unsuccessful in life. That guy is a born loser! I’m a constant loser in love.
  4. (derogatory) A contemptible or unfashionable person. That person is a loser!
  5. One who or that which lose something, such as extra weight, car keys, etc.
    • 1999, Larry Medsker, ‎Lakhmi C. Jain, Recurrent Neural Networks: Design and Applications (ISBN 0849371813), page 192: Another way to speed search (in general) is to order or bias the hypothesis space based on some heuristic. Suppose you are a habitual car key loser and that you keep track of where your keys turn up after each search.
    • 2004, Marianna S. Katona, Tales from the Berlin Wall: Recollections of Frequent Crossings (ISBN 3833404396): But a West German reporting a lost passport in East Berlin during the years of the Wall was treated to a criminal investigation, with the passport loser as the potential criminal.
    • 2005, Maggie Greenwood-Robinson, The Biggest Loser: The Weight Loss Program to Transform Your Body, Health and Life (ISBN 13: 978-1-59486-384-4)
    • 2009, Jane Bryant Quinn, Making the Most of Your Money Now You're counting on this insurance company to pay you a check many years in the future. But for some companies, disability coverage has been a money loser.
    • 2010, Cutting Myself in Half: 150 Pounds Lost, One Byte at a Time (ISBN 0757313590), page 109: You have to think of yourself as an already amazing person who's hiding behind extra weight—a superhero in a disguise. If you follow the program, … change the message from “I'm a big loser” to “I'm a big weight loser.”
Synonyms: (person who consistently loses) failure
  • winner
  • lo-res
  • relos
  • roles
  • slore
  • sorel
loserdom etymology From loser + dom.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) The state or condition of being a loser.
  2. (informal) The world or sphere of loser.
loserish etymology loser + ish
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Like a loser (contemptible person or habitual failure).
    • 1999, Karen Kelly, Evelyn McDonnell, Stars don't stand still in the sky: music and myth (page 92) ...the ascent of a kind of stubborn geekiness that doubtless reflected a big chunk of MTV's demographics: young, male, white, and vaguely loserish, if only in their own tortured teenage minds.
    • 2004, Courtney Rubin, The Weight-Loss Diaries (page 71) My friends might be insulted and I'd feel loserish and left out and otherwise controlled by my diet.
loserness etymology loser + ness
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The quality of being a loser.
    • 2004, Geoff Hoff, Steve Mancini, Weeping Willow: Volume One: Welcome to River Bend (page 33) "All I'd need to complete the picture of loserness is a roommate who talks about girls he never dates."
    • 2006, Steve Monas, Chemistry and Numbers 2 (page 81) Unfortunately, this association with Lambo forced me out of my invisible loserness bleachers and into the wide, bright, blaring stadium of DORK.
Synonyms: loserdom, loserhood
losing streak
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An uninterrupted sequence of loss.
  2. (slang) menstruation
    • {{quote-song}}
Lost Wages etymology From Las Vegas. The city is famously the home of many casino, where people may lose their wages: see lost, wages.
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (humorous) Las Vegas city in Nevada
lost weekend
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A period of several days in which one indulge in activities such as binge drinking, drug-taking and sex.
lot etymology From Old English hlot, from Proto-Germanic *hlutą. Cognate with Dutch lot, Old High German hluz. pronunciation
  • (UK) {{enPR}}, /lɒt/
  • (US) {{enPR}}, /lɑt/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A large quantity or number; a great deal. exampleto spend a lot of money;  lots of people think so
    • W. Black He wrote to her … he might be detained in London by a lot of business.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, 3 , [ Mr. Pratt's Patients] , “My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.”
  2. A separate portion; a number of things taken collectively. examplea lot of stationery
  3. One or more items auctioned or sold as a unit, separate from other items.
  4. (informal) A number of people taken collectively. examplea sorry lot; a bad lot
  5. A distinct portion or plot of land, usually smaller than a field. examplea building lot in a city
    • Kent The defendants leased a house and lot in the city of New York.
  6. That which happens without human design or forethought; chance; accident; hazard; fortune; fate.
    • Spenser But save my life, which lot before your foot doth lay.
  7. Anything (as a die, pebble, ball, or slip of paper) used in determining a question by chance, or without human choice or will. exampleto cast lots;  to draw lots
    • Bible, Proverbs xvi. 33 The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.
    • Shakespeare If we draw lots, he speeds.
  8. The part, or fate, that falls to one, as it were, by chance, or without his planning.
    • Milton O visions ill foreseen! Each day's lot's / Enough to bear.
    • Alexander Pope He was but born to try / The lot of man — to suffer and to die.
    • {{RQ:Fielding Tom Jones}} … as Jones alone was discovered, the poor lad bore not only the whole smart, but the whole blame; both which fell again to his lot on the following occasion.
  9. A prize in a lottery. {{rfquotek}}
  10. Allotment; lottery.
    • 1990: Donald Kagan, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy, chapter 2: “Politician”, page 40 (Guild Publishing; CN 2239) The Greeks expected their leaders to show physical courage, whether in the athletic arena or in battle, as well as piety, generosity, and nobility. Cimon had risen to power chiefly because of his military prowess, and any rival must be able to show at least honorable service and military competence. By this time, moreover, the generals were coming to be the most important political figures in Athens. Archons served only for one year and, since 487/6, they were chosen by lot. Generals, on the other hand, were chosen by direct election and could be reelected without limit.
  11. (definite, the lot) All members of a set; everything. The table was loaded with food, but by evening there was nothing but crumbs; we had eaten the lot. exampleIf I were in charge, I'd fire the lot of them.
  12. An old unit of weight used in many European countries from the Middle Ages, often defined as 1/30 or 1/32 of a (local) pound.
Synonyms: (large quantity or number) load, mass, pile, (number of things taken collectively) batch, collection, group, set, (informal: a number of people taken collectively) crowd, gang, group, (distinct portion or plot of land) allotment, parcel, plot, (that which happens without human design or forethought) destiny, fate, fortune, (anything used in determining a question by chance), (fate that falls to one by chance), (prize in a lottery) prize, See also
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, dated) To allot; to sort; to apportion.
  2. (US, informal, dated) To count or reckon (on or upon).
  • LTO
  • OTL
lota {{wikipedia}} etymology From Hindi लोटा 〈lōṭā〉. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈləʊtə/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (South Asia) A spherical pot, specifically a water pot used for washing and ablution, typically made of brass.
    • 1997, Kiran Nagarkar, Cuckold, HarperCollins 2013, p. 9: She had been standing behind the curtain of coloured glass beads for at least half an hour now, waiting patiently with a silver lota of water.
  2. (colloquial, Pakistan) A person that switches loyalties, especially from one political party to another. This comes from the fact that the "lota" has a tendency to fall over and roll around, as it is not stable sitting on its base.
  • a lot, alot, alto, ATOL, tola
lot lizard etymology The term was invented by Christopher Echard, the self-proclaimed "Minister of Filth". Later popularized by the book , a fictional account of the life of a truck stop prostitute.
noun: {{en-noun}} (idiomatic, slang)
  1. A prostitute at a truck stop.
  2. A low or stupid person.
  3. A customer or salesperson at a used car lot.
  • 1986 — University of Kansas City Review, v. 53 Maybe he's doin' a run to Shakey Town where some lot lizard checks his dip stick.
  • 1994 — Susan Baur, "Confiding" And Larry across from them — fuckin' dumbo, that guy, a regular lot lizard
  • 1999 — James Morgan, The distance to the moon A lot lizard was somebody who walked the sales lot and looked at every car and still didn't buy.
  • 2000 — . Virginia was a lot lizard from FLA/She had a compound fracture in the trunk.
  • 2001 — (), … the most famous "lot lizard", or truck stop whore, in the business.
  • 2001 — Remar Sutton, "Don't get taken every time" (Cited in The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, 2006) Floor Whores, a.k.a. "Lot Lizards" … Salespeople who have survived by learning to pounce on the first person who walks in cold, without making an appointment
lots pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{head}}
  1. plural of lot The men cast lots. They purchased all of the adjacent lots.
  2. (colloquial) A lot; a great deal; tons; loads. Lots of the ways you can help are really easy. Don't worry, my family has lots of money. She made lots of new friends.
adverb: {{en-adv}}
  1. (colloquial) A great deal; greatly; very much; tons; loads; a lot. I feel lots better about it now that we've talked. I care lots about the humane treatment of animals. Last year I ran lots faster than him.
  • lost
  • slot
  • STOL
lottomania etymology lotto + mania
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) Enthusiasm for playing the lottery.
    • 1992, Forbes (volume 149, issues 5-9) The lottomania (Forbes, Mar. 6, 1989) that sent state lottery revenues to more than $20 billion last year has finally run out of steam. Revenue gains are slackening off...
    • 1994, Linda Schinke-Llano, Time: Reaching for Tomorrow As lottomania has swept the nation, one result is an entirely new social stratum of millionaires...
proper noun: {{en-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) Nickname of the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    • 1999, , Flyboy Action Figure Comes with Gasmask, HarperFlamingo Canada (1999), ISBN 9780006480914, page 10: "Vancouver, until about two years ago." I could tell that she was going to regale me about the beauty of Lotusland, where it never snows and pot grows between cracks in the sidewalk.
Loubs etymology Shortening.
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) shoe designed by Christian Louboutin
    • 2012, Katie Agnew, Too Hot to Handle Lexi passed Molly a pair of snakeskin, strappy sandals with five-inch stiletto heels. They had bright red leather soles. 'Louboutins,' she said. 'Every girl needs a pair of Loubs.' They were another eight hundred euros.
    • 2013, Chanel West Coast (Chelsea Chanel Dudley), Alcoholic (rap song) My fans know the words, while yours be humming. / My man buy me Loubs, why yours be bumming? / Got twice as many pairs as you; I'm doubling.
loudmouth etymology loud + mouth pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (derogatory) One who talks too much or too loudly, especially in a boastful or self-important manner. I hear every word spoken by the loudmouth in the next office.
Synonyms: big mouth, blowhard, blusterer, boaster, braggart
loungey etymology lounge + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) Resembling or characteristic of lounge music.
    • {{quote-news}}
loungy etymology lounge + y
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (informal) characteristic of a lounge; informally comfortable
    • 2005, Jennifer Eveland, Frommer's Singapore & Malaysia The huge space is like an auditorium, with multilevel loungy seating areas looking down onto one of Singapore's best soundstages and dance floors.
    • 2007, Sarah Johnstone, Europe on a shoestring‎ Loungy, worn furniture, retro art and chilled music make this a popular hangout with students and a young crowd.
louse {{wikipedia}} etymology From Middle English lows, from Old English lūs, from Proto-Germanic *lūs (compare West Frisian lûs, Dutch luis, Low German Luus, German Laus), from Proto-Indo-European *lewH- (compare Welsh llau, Tocharian B luwo, maybe Sanskrit यूका 〈yūkā〉). pronunciation
  • (UK) /laʊs/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A small parasitic wingless insect of the order Phthiraptera.
  2. (colloquial, dated, not usually used in plural form) A contemptible person; one who has recently taken an action considered deceitful or indirectly harmful.
Synonyms: (insect) (North America) cootie, (contemptible person) maggot, worm
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. To remove lice from the body of a person or animal; to delouse.
Synonyms: delouse
  • loues, oules, ousel, Seoul, soule
louse up
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To mess up; to confuse; to put into a state of disorder.
related terms:
  • lousy
lousy etymology From louse + y. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. Remarkably bad; of poor quality, dirty, or underhanded; mean, contemptible.
    • No offense, but your cooking is lousy.
  2. Infested with lice.
  3. (colloquial) Filled or packed with something.
    • The place was lousy with students.
    • She's lousy with credit cards, goes shopping every day!
Prior to World War II, it was an offensive insult, implying filthiness. Now considered a mild or rather dated term.
related terms:
  • cootie, crab louse, crabs, louse, pubic louse
Lovatic etymology {{blend}}.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A fan of American actress and singer Demi Lovato.
    • 2011, Kent Szlauderbach, "Teenage Dream", The Pitch, Volume 31, Number 20, 17 November 2011 - 23 November 2011, page 17: Her performances on this tour have been affirming but unpredictable, and the Lovatics — the name for her throngs of fans — totally relate.
    • 2013, Joan Kwek, "A Special Night with Demi Lovato", ArtJam (Nanyang Technological University Cultural Activities Club), Issue 33, page 31: While making small talk with the audience, Demi's greetings were reciprocated with loud screams from the Lovatics.
    • 2013, "Demi - Demi Lovato", TeenZone Magazine, Issue #117, August 2013, page 48: This is the fourth album for Demi, which she has dedicated to all her Lovatics.
love {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • (UK) /lʌv/, [lɐv]
  • {{audio}}
  • (US) /lʌv/
  • {{audio}}
  • {{rhymes}}
etymology 1 From Middle English love, luve, from Old English lufu, from Proto-Germanic *lubō, from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ-, *leubʰ-. Cognate with ofs luve, Old High German luba. Related to Old English lēof, Icelandic ljúf and ljúfa, līefan, Saterland Frisian Ljoowe, Latin libet, lubō and Albanian lyp, lips, Serbo-Croatian ljubiti, ljubav, Russian любовь 〈lûbovʹ〉, любить 〈lûbitʹ〉. The closing-of-a-letter sense is presumably a truncation of With love or the like. The verb is from Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lufian, from the noun lufu. See above. Compare Western Frisian leavje, German lieben, Icelandic lofa and loforð.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (uncountable) Strong affection.
    1. An intense feeling of affection and care towards another person. exampleA mother’s love is not easily shaken.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill (novelist) , The Celebrity, 8 , “The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.”
    2. A deep or abiding liking for something. exampleMy love of cricket knows no bounds.
    3. A profound and caring attraction towards someone. exampleYour love is the most important thing in my life.
      • John Milton (1608-1674) He on his side / Leaning half-raised, with looks of cordial love / Hung over her enamoured.
  2. (countable) The object of one’s romantic feelings; a darling or sweetheart. exampleI met my love by the gasworks wall.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599) Open the temple gates unto my love.
  3. (colloquial) (British) A term of friendly address, regardless of feelings. exampleHello, love, how can I help you?
  4. (euphemistic) A sexual desire; sexual activity.
    • 1986, Ben Elton & al., , "": —What think you, my lord, of... love? —You mean ‘rumpy-pumpy’.
  5. Used as the closing, before the signature, of a letter, especially between good friends or family members, or by the young.
  6. (obsolete) A thin silk material.
    • 1664, Robert Boyle, Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours,… Such a kind of transparency, as that of a Sive, a piece of Cyprus, or a Love-Hood.
  7. A climb plant, Clematis vitalba.
Synonyms: (darling, sweetheart) baby, darling, lover, pet, sweetheart, honey, love bird, (term of address) mate, lover. darling, sweety
  • (strong affection) hate, hatred, angst; malice, spite
  • (absence of love) indifference
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (usually, transitive, sometimes intransitive) To have a strong affection for (someone or something).
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Chapter VI I wanted to take her in my arms and tell her how I loved her, and had taken her hand from the rail and started to draw her toward me when Olson came blundering up on deck with his bedding.
    • 2013 February 26, Pink (singer) and Nate Ruess, Just Give Me a Reason: Just give me a reason, / just a little bit's enough, / just a second we're not broken, just bent / and we can learn to love again.
    exampleI love my spouse.   [[I love you|I love you]]!
  2. (transitive) To need, thrive on. exampleMold loves moist, dark places.
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To be strongly inclined towards something; an emphatic form of like. exampleI love walking barefoot on wet grass;  I'd love to join the team;  I love what you've done with your hair
  4. (usually, transitive, sometimes intransitive) To care deeply about, to be dedicated to (someone or something).
    • John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
    • Matthew: 37-38 You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and your whole mind, and your whole soul; you shall love your neighbor as yourself.
    • {{quote-magazine}}
  5. (transitive) To derive delight from a fact or situation. exampleI love the fact that the coffee shop now offers fat-free chai latte.
  6. (transitive) To lust for.
  7. (transitive, euphemistic) To have sex with, (perhaps from make love.) exampleI wish I could love her all night long.
  • hate, despise
related terms:
  • lov
  • luv
  • wuv
etymology 2 From Middle English loven, lovien, from Old English lofian, from Proto-Germanic *lubōną, from *lubą, from Proto-Indo-European *leubʰ-, *lewbʰ-. Cognate with Scots love, lofe, Dutch loven, German loben, Swedish lova, Icelandic lofa. See also lofe.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, obsolete or UK dialectal) To praise; commend.
  2. (transitive, obsolete or UK dialectal) To praise as of value; prize; set a price on.
etymology 3 From the phrase Neither for love nor for money, meaning "nothing". The previously held belief that it originated from the French term œuf, due to its shape, is no longer widely accepted.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (racquet sports) Zero, no score. So that’s fifteen-love to Kournikova.
    • The Field He won the match by three sets to love.
    • John Betjeman, A Subaltern's Love Song Love-thirty, love-forty, oh! weakness of joy, / The speed of a swallow, the grace of a boy, / With carefullest carelessness, gaily you won, / I am weak from your loveliness, Joan Hunter Dunn.
  • {{rank}}
  • voël
  • vole
love apple Alternative forms: loveapple etymology From love + apple.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A tomato.
Synonyms: apple of love
love bite
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. A swelling on the skin caused by someone (or something) suck the skin
Synonyms: hickey
  • belovite
love box
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The vagina or vulva.
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-book }}
lovebud etymology love + bud
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The clitoris.
  2. (slang) A nipple
    • 2009, Arlene Gorey, My Spanking Diary - Page 28 ...she rolled over onto her bottom, and showed me everything she had. Those nice perky pear-shaped titties of hers with soft narrow dark-coral aurolae and dainty little lovebuds, and her wide shallow bellybutton, and the thick red curls of her pussy.
lovebug etymology love + bug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. An insect, {{taxlink}}, the {{vern}}.
  2. (informal) A person who is in love; a sweetheart.
    • 2009, Dee Kassabian, My Four Fathers and Other Short Stories (page 45) His parents flipped their lids when the two lovebugs got hitched. Jonnie couldn't stand the fact that her beautiful young son, gone so long over seas, had now tangled up with an older woman, and even worse, an older divorced woman …
love button
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The clitoris.
    • 2012, Cairo, Man Swappers, Strebor Books (2012), ISBN 9781593093884, pages 275-276: I press on my clitoris, swirl my two fingers over my love button, emitting a low moan.
    • 2013, Jusme, "Twins", in Busy Bodies: Chocolate Flava 4 (ed. Zane), Atria Books (2013), ISBN 9781451689648, page 247: He proceeded to taste me, his tongue tossing my love button around in his mouth.
    • 2014, JaQuavis Coleman, The White House, Akashic Books (2014), ISBN 9781617752629, page 46: She was yearning for him; her love button had never been so swollen in her life.
Synonyms: See also .
love canal
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) birth canal
love drug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) The drug Viagra.
  2. (slang) The drug ecstasy.
loved-up Alternative forms: loved up
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (slang) Under the influence of ecstasy (the drug MDMA).
lovefest etymology love + fest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) An effusive exchange of good will
    • {{quote-news}}
love glove etymology Because of the rhyme.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) A condom.
    • 1995, , "Republican field guide", Mother Jones, June 1995: She seemed like she should be accompanied by one of those miniature dogs with a bow in its hair and a heart rate of 1,000 beats per minute and should carry one of those little rhinestone purses that couldn't possibly hold more than a lipstick and a love glove.
Synonyms: See also .
  • {{seemoreCites}}
love handle {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) a protruding area of fat on the side of the body, above the hips
Normally used in the plural. Synonyms: spare tire
love hole
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy, slang) vagina
LOVEINT etymology Parody of SIGINT, HUMINT, etc., suggesting "love intelligence".
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (US, humorous) The use of government espionage tools or techniques to investigate one's love interest.
love jug
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) female breast
lovely jubbly etymology From an advertising slogan for Jubbly, an orange-flavoured soft drink. The actual slogan was Lubbly Jubbly, but became Lovely Jubbly when popularised by the BBC television comedy Only Fools and Horses.
interjection: {{en-interj}}
  1. (British, colloquial) Lovely; great, fantastic.
    • 2000, Anna Maxted, Getting Over It "Yeah?" says Adam, who doubtless expected me to put up a fight. "Lovely jubbly! It's a date!" "No, it isn't," I say.
    • 2000, Roger Granelli, Status Zero "Fucking lovely jubbly this, innit?" Duane said.
    • 2004, Beatrice Hollyer, Jamie Oliver, Let's Eat: What Children Eat Around the World Press gently all the way around to seal the edges and keep the chocolate in. Bake for 10 minutes and eat hot or cold. Easy peasy, lovely jubbly!
love machine
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang, metaphor) A person who takes part in long sessions of love making. You're not going to get any sleep, because I am a love machine.
lovemobile {{wikipedia}} etymology love + mobile
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) A float or truck that carries sound equipment, dancer, etc. at music festival.
love mound
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy, slang) female breast
  2. (anatomy, slang) vulva
love muscle
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (slang) genitals
  2. (idiomatic) the heart
    • 2012, "Eat Your Heart Out", San Diego Magazine, February 2012: Americans fear the love muscle. Not so in Peru, where grilled beef heart is the unofficial state scent.
love nest
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) A residence, especially a condominium or cabin, where a couple (particularly a newly married couple) can enjoy each other's company.
    • {{quote-book }}
  2. (idiomatic, colloquial) A room, especially a bedroom or boudoir, used for sexual intercourse.
  3. (idiomatic, colloquial, dated) vagina 1797-1801, - (translated) He....jerked my legs apart and, while the unconscious old kraut's juice seeped from my love nest, buried his face in the moist crevice, sucking, licking and lapping with the energy of ten men.
love spuds
noun: {{en-plural noun}}
  1. (slang) Testicles.
    • 2010, Annelise Ryan, Scared Stiff, Kensington Books (2010), ISBN 9780758272492, page 220: We crossed paths at the hospital a few months ago after his wife convinced him to get a vasectomy following the delivery of their fifth child. Knowing I'd be among the crew wielding a scalpel in the area of his love spuds allowed Bobby and me to reconnect in no time.
    • 2011, Michael Riddel, Life, A Little Brown Dog and Shite Like That, Balboa Press (2011), ISBN 9781452542492, page 55: The Labrador would lie on his stomach with his legs splayed out behind and then proceed to move back and forth as if he were in the missionary position and going for glory. His love spuds would sort of squeeze under his body as he moved back, and then pop out again as he moved forward.
    • 2012, Susin Nielsen, The Reluctant Journal of Henry K. Larsen, Tundra Books (2012), ISBN 9781770493728, page 10: They saw his you-know-whats: his family jewels, his nuggets, his love spuds. His balls.
    • {{seemoreCites}}
Synonyms: See also .
lovestone etymology From love + stone. Coined from the way ivy grows over and clings to stone walls, etc.
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (British, colloquial) ivy
lovetap Alternative forms: love tap etymology love + tap
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (humorous) A light punch or other rough tap, performed in an almost-friendly manner. Why am I in trouble for hitting him? It was just a lovetap! See, he's not hurt.
  • Often used in meiosis.
love tunnel
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (anatomy, slang) birth canal
love ya
phrase: {{en-phrase}}
  1. (colloquial, pithy) I love you
low-down Alternative forms: lowdown
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (idiomatic, slang, US) Of no value.
    • Cold Sassy Tree‎, page 16, Olive Ann Burns, 2007, “No-count. Even low-down. I still don't see how Loma could of married into that sharecropper white trash.”
  • down low, down-low
lowerarchy etymology From lower + archy, after hierarchy (punningly interpreting the first element as higher). pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈləʊəɹɑːki/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A series of people or things considered as representing progressively lower level of a series or whole.
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (informal) To make lowercase.
adjective: {{en-adj}}
  1. (pejorative) low-quality, trashy
    • 2005 August 11, Dave “Georgia Studebaker” Miller, “Re: Maybe I should have advertized Boomerang like this.....”,, Usenet That's a text book definition of low-rent hoochie mama if I ever saw it. Guarantee you she's got her tramp stamp across her hips.
    • Rise & Dine: Breakfast in Boston, 2007, Barbara Brown Smith, Being called a "diner" may have once meant serving low-rent food, but today it's considered a compliment.
lozenge {{wikipedia}} etymology From Old French losenge (compare French losange), from *lose, from ll lausiae, from Gaulish *lawsyā, from Proto-Celtic *laws, from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁us 〈*leh₁us〉. Cognate with Spanish losa. pronunciation
  • (UK) /ˈlɒzɪndʒ/
  • (US) /ˈlɑzəndʒ/
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (shapes) (heraldiccharge) A quadrilateral with side of equal length (rhombus), having two acute and two obtuse angle.
    • 1658, Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society 2007, p. 167: Wherein the decussis is made within a longilaterall square, with opposite angles, acute and obtuse at the intersection; and so upon progression making a Rhombus or Lozenge figuration [...].
    • 2004, Richard Fortey, The Earth, Folio Society 2011, p. 14: The floor is constructed from marble lozenges and triangles of every imaginable hue: yellow and pink and all manner of mottled and blotched shades, framed in white.
  2. A small tablet (originally diamond-shaped) or medicated sweet used to ease a {{soplink}}.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, 3 , [ The Mirror and the Lamp] , “One saint's day in mid-term a certain newly appointed suffragan-bishop came to the school chapel, and there preached on “The Inner Life.”  He at once secured attention by his informal method, and when presently the coughing of Jarvis […] interrupted the sermon, he altogether captivated his audience with a remark about cough lozenges being cheap and easily procurable.”
Synonyms: (quadrilateral) diamond (informal), rhomb, rhombus (most common in mathematics), (medicated sweet) pastille, throat pastille, troche
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To form into the shape of a lozenge.
  2. (transitive) To mark or emblazon with a lozenge.
lube etymology {{clipping}} and of lubricate. pronunciation
  • {{enPR}}, /luːb/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{en-noun}}
  1. (informal) lubricant
verb: {{en-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) to lubricate
  • blue, Blue
verb: {{head}}
  1. en-past of lubricate
adjective: {{head}}
  1. treated with a lubricant
  2. (slang) drunk

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