The Alternative Finnish Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

Page 1 of 25


proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. Adam (biblical character)
Synonyms: Aatami (colloquial)
related terms:
  • Aatami
Aatami pronunciation
  • /ˈɑːtɑmi/
  • {{hyphenation}}
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. (Christianity, colloquial) Adam first man, according to the Bible
  2. A given name, equivalent of Adam.
Synonyms: (first man) Aadam (the spelling used in the Bible)
abi etymology Shortened form of abiturientti. pronunciation
  • [ˈɑbi]
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A candidate for the .
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. A student on the last class of a high school, a candidate for the .
See usage notes under ylioppilas. Synonyms: colloquial abi, ylioppilaskokelas
  • abiturientit
Addis etymology < Addis Abeba
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. (informal) Addis Ababa Ethiopia's capital city
aerobikata {{Finnish index}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈɑeroˌbikɑtɑ(ʔ)/
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) To do aerobics.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) aerobics
Synonyms: aerobic
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A commercial affair.
ahdasrajainen etymology fi + ahdas + raja + inen
adjective: {{fi-adj}}
  1. tightly limited having narrow bounds for movement
  2. (figuratively) close-minded, doctrinaire, dogmatic, hidebound, illiberal, inflexible, intolerant, narrow-minded, partisan, pigheaded, rigid, stubborn, unpersuadable unreceptive to new ideas
Synonyms: (having narrow bounds) ahdas, (unreceptive to new ideas) ahdasmielinen, kapearajainen, tiukkapipoinen (informal)
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (nautical) stern
  2. (colloquial) bottom, butt, hindquarter, behind
Synonyms: (stern) perä, (bottom) takapuoli
  • riehat
ahven etymology From Proto-Finnic *ahven. pronunciation
  • [ˈɑxʋen]
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. European perch, Perca fluviatilis.
  2. perch any fish in the genus Perca
  3. (in plural) Percidae taxonomic family in the order Perciformes
  4. (colloquial, in compounds) bass
  5. (in compounds) perciform; short for ahvenkala, see e.g. seeprakirjoahven
Synonyms: (Perca fluviatilis) ahvena (dialectal), kyrmyniska, (euphemism), (bass) bassi
aikaero etymology aika + ero
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. time difference
  2. (colloquial) short for aikaerorasitus Vieläkö kärsit aikaerosta? Are you still suffering from jet lag?
  • aikaerorasitus
  • aikaeroväsymys
aivokuume etymology aivot ‘brain’ + kuume ‘fever’ pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈɑiʋoˌkuːme(ʔ)/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, originally medical jargon) encephalitis
Synonyms: aivotulehdus, enkefaliitti (standard medical terms)
aivoneste etymology aivo ‘brain’ + neste ‘fluid’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (physiology, colloquial) cerebrospinal fluid, brain fluid
Synonyms: aivoselkäydinneste, selkäydinneste
akallinen etymology akka + llinen
adjective: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) Having a wife; married.
  • alkalinen
akantappaja etymology akka ‘of a hag’ + tappaja ‘killer’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) sidecar one-wheeled attachment to a motorcycle
Synonyms: akantappokone, sivuvaunu (standard)
akantappokone etymology akka ‘of a hag’ + tappo ‘killing’ + kone ‘machine’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) sidecar one-wheeled attachment to a motorcycle
Synonyms: akantappaja, sivuvaunu (standard)
akka {{Finnish index}} etymology Unclear. Cognate to Karelian, Votic and Ingrian akka, and Veps akk. The Samic word represented by Northern Sami áhkku is possibly an old loan from Finnish, explaining the irregular correspondence of -a- to -á-. pronunciation
  • [ˈɑkːɑ]
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. hag, crone (old woman)
  2. (derogatory) woman; wife; hag, witch
  3. (informal, chess, card games) queen, bitch
    • hertta-akka = queen of hearts
Synonyms: (old woman) eukko, (woman) nainen, ämmä, muija, (wife) vaimo, eukko, muija, rouva, (queen) kuningatar, rouva
compounds: {{der-top}}
  • akkainlehti
  • akkavalta
  • akankaali
  • akansieni
  • akanvirta
  • hertta-akka
  • juoruakka
  • noita-akka
  • pata-akka
  • ristiakka
  • ruutuakka
akkautua etymology From akka. pronunciation
  • /ˈɑkːɑutuɑ/
  • {{hyphenation}}
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial, derogatory, of an organization, branch or similar) to become dominated by women
  2. (intransitive, colloquial, of women) to grow old
Synonyms: (to become dominated by women) naisvaltaistua, (of women, to grow older) akoittua
related terms:
  • akoittua
akoittua etymology < akka
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial, of a man) to get married
  2. (intransitive, colloquial, rare, of a woman) to get old
Synonyms: (to marry) mennä naimisiin (used of both sexes), (of a woman, to get old) akkautua
Alankomaat {{wikipedia}} etymology From alanko + maa.
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. (pluralonly) The Netherlands.
Synonyms: (colloquial) Hollanti
ale pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • /ˈɑle/
etymology 1 Shortened from alennusmyynti.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) sale
etymology 2 English ale
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. ale
  • Lea
Alfred Nussi etymology From nussia.
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. (vulgar, humorous) A fictitious person who may be blamed for petty thefts. Alfred Nussi on vieraillut kerhon työkalupakissa. Someone has "visited" the club's toolbox. (= Something has been stolen from the club's toolbox.)
Synonyms: Alfred
alkkarit etymology From alushousut.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (pluralonly, colloquial) underpants
alko etymology From Alko, the name of Finland's national alcohol distribution monopoly.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) A liquor store, bottle shop
Synonyms: alkoholiliike, viinakauppa
  • kola, lako, loka, olka
alkupuolisko etymology alku ‘beginning’ + puolisko ‘half’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. first half of anything, like of a period of time, semester, holiday, trip etc.
  2. (sports, informal) first half period of a game before the half-time
In the rules of most ballgames a "half" of a game is called puoliaika in Finnish, and "fist half" would thus be ensimmäinen puoliaika. The half-time i.e. the period between the halves is called tauko in Finnish. Synonyms: alkupuoli
allastelakka etymology allas + telakka
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (nautical) A dry dock, drydock.
Synonyms: (colloquial) kuivatelakka, sulkutelakka
allekirjoittanut {{Finnish index}} etymology
  • Participle of allekirjoittaa.
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [ˈɑlːeˌkːirjoiˌtːɑnut]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) yours truly, I.
verb: {{head}}
  1. fi-participle of allekirjoittaa
Amerikka pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈamerikːɑ/
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. America (continent)
  2. (colloquial) America (USA)
Synonyms: (USA) Yhdysvallat, USA (abbr.)
amfetamiini {{Finnish index}} {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈɑɱfetɑmiːni/
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. amphetamine
  2. A common-language term used of methamphetamine, especially when used as (illegal) drug.
Synonyms: (slang expressions for metamphetamine) jää, kristalli, lasi, piri, spiidi, vauhti, (metamphetamine) metamfetamiini
amis etymology From ammattikoulu.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) A vocational school.
  2. (slang) A person who attends one.
  • Sami, sima
ammattikoulu etymology ammatti + koulu
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) A vocational school.
Formerly, until 1990's, the vocational schools were both officially and in common usage called ammattikoulu in Finnish. Then the educational system was renewed and a whole lot of new terminology was introduced, presumably to underline the change, but in reality it serves to unintentionally reveal the self-importance of the planning bureaucracy. Terms toisen asteen ammatillinen oppilaitos, ammatillinen oppilaitos, ammattioppilaitos and ammattiopisto mean roughly the same thing but the folks still like to call all of them ammattikoulu or more simply, amis. Synonyms: amis, ammattiopisto, ammattioppilaitos
ammattislangi etymology ammatti ‘profession’ + slangi ‘slang’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. argot, jargon, vernacular specialized vocabulary and terminology of a certain field or profession
Synonyms: ammattikieli, slangi
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of amis
amppari {{Finnish index}} etymology From ampiainen. pronunciation
  • [ˈɑmpːɑri]
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) wasp
Synonyms: ampiainen
Ankkalammikko etymology ankka ‘duck’ + lammikko ‘pond’, calque of Swedish ("duck pond"), coined as an allegory of Sweden by in his book with this title. While more or less forgotten in Sweden, the term has been adopted first by the Swedish-speaking minority of Finland and then by the Finnish-speaking majority as referring to Swedish Finland as a cultural entity.
proper noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (humorous) The Finland's Swedish speaking minority as an ethnic an cultural entity
Synonyms: suomenruotsalainen yhteiskunta
coordinate terms:
  • suomenruotsalainen
  • suomenruotsalaisuus
anoreksia {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) anorexia nervosa
  2. (pathology) anorexia loss of appetite, especially as a symptom of disease
  • In common language anoreksia usually refers to anorexia nervosa and vice versa, anorexia nervosa is usually called anoreksia.
Synonyms: (loss of appetite) ruokahaluttomuus, (anorexia nervosa) laihuushäiriö, anorexia nervosa (chiefly used by medical professionals)
related terms:
  • anorektikko
  • anorektinen
  • skenaario
anorexia nervosa
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (pathology) anorexia nervosa serious eating disorder
Synonyms: anoreksia (colloquial), laihuushäiriö (rare)
antaa {{Finnish index}} etymology From Proto-Finnic *antadak, from fiu *ëmta-, cognate with eg. Estonian and, Northern Sami vuovdit, kpv уд 〈ud〉 and Hungarian ad. pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • Rhymes: kantaa, lantaa, pantaa, rantaa, santaa
  • /ˈɑntɑː/
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive) To give; to allow; to present, donate; to issue. Annoin Liisalle kukat. I gave Liisa flowers.
  2. (transitive + genitive + infinitive) To let, allow, permit. Anna hänen mennä. Let him go.
  3. (transitive) To distribute, hand/pass out.
  4. (transitive) To grant, confer.
  5. (colloquial) To consent to have sex (with = allative).
  • (to consent to have sex) This usage means very often that the person consenting to have sex is the submissive party, not necessarily enjoying the activity that much.
Synonyms: (to give) suoda, (to let, allow, permit) sallia, suoda
  • (give) ottaa
  • (let, allow, permit) kieltää; estää
antaminen etymology antaa + minen pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [ˈɑntɑminen]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. giving; allow; present, donating; issue.
  2. let, allow, permit.
  3. distributing, handing/passing out.
  4. (colloquial) consent to have sex.
verb: {{head}}
  1. infinitive of antaa
ap pronunciation
  • seldom /ˈɑːpe̞ː/, usually read out as aamupäivä or aamupäivällä.
abbreviation: {{rfc-header}} {{head}}
  1. a.m., in the morning, before noon
  2. (informal) morning hours roughly from the beginning of the working hours to the noon Minulla on ap vapaana. I have the morning free.
  • ap and "a.m." do not mean exactly the same: ap is only used of hours roughly from the beginning of working hours until noon}}
Synonyms: (a.m.) aamupäivällä, aamulla, (morning) aamupäivä
ape {{Finnish index}} etymology appaa + e
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. horse feed
  2. (colloquial) food
aplodeerata {{Finnish index}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈɑplodeːrɑtɑ(ʔ)/
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) To applaud.
Synonyms: (to applaud) taputtaa
approbatur etymology From Latin, "someone or something is approved".
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. An academic grade used in Finnish abitur and university theses, the lowest passing grade.
  2. The shortest university syllabus in Finland.
Synonyms: (grade) A, (colloquial) appro
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) Same as appro, approbatur.
apulanta etymology apu + lanta
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) artificial fertilizer
Synonyms: keinolannoite
apuva etymology Coined by and in their TV-sketch in 1989.
interjection: {{fi-int}}
  1. (humorous) A variant of apua
arpoa etymology Originally the continuative aspect of the verb arvata; + oa.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. To draw lots, to raffle, to cast lots.
  2. (intransitive, colloquial) To hesitate, vacillate, shilly-shally.
  • poraa
asfaltti-ihottuma Alternative forms: asvaltti-ihottuma etymology asfaltti + ihottuma pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • /ˈɑsfɑltːiʔˌiɦotːumɑ/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) road rash injury caused by abrasion with road surfaces
asiantuntija etymology asia + tuntija pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈɑsiɑnˌt̪un̪t̪ijɑ/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. expert, adept
Synonyms: (colloquial) ekspertti
related terms:
  • asiantunteva
astian maku etymology astia < yöastia + maku
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) something foul Tässä on astian makua. I smell a rat.
astiasto {{Finnish index}} etymology astia + sto pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. service set of dishes or utensils
  2. tableware
Synonyms: (service) serviisi (informal, dialectal)
  • satoisat, sotaisat
asunto etymology asua + nto
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. residence
  2. apartment
Synonyms: (slang) kämppä
  • nousta, osutan, suonta
aterin etymology aterioida + in
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (in plural) silverware US: forks, knives and spoons
  2. (rare) A piece of silverware.
Synonyms: (silverware) aseet (colloquial), (piece of silverware) ruokailuväline (sometimes understood to include plates, glasses etc.)
auki pronunciation
  • [ˈɑuki]
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
adverb: {{fi-adv}}
  1. open not closed or locked Ovi oli auki. The door was open. Kauppa on auki yhdeksään. The shop is open until nine o'clock.
  2. untied, unbuttoned
  3. up in the air, open not yet resolved, finished, answered, decided or certain Luulen, että voin tehdä sen nopeasti, mutta tarkka aikataulu on vielä auki. I think I can do it quickly, but the exact schedule is still up in the air. Kysymys on edelleen auki. The question is still open.
  4. on, turned on Pidän veneessä aina VHF:n auki. When in boat, I always keep the VHF turned on.
  5. (colloquial) broke, busted Olen aivan auki. = I'm completely busted.
In English, "open" is an adjective. The Finnish adjective meaning "open" is avoin. Synonyms: (not closed) avoinna, (turned on) päällä
  • kiinni
related terms:
  • aueta
  • avata
  • kaiu
aukoa päätään etymology aukoa + pää
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) to criticize, nag, jest, oppose (to be negative in one's speech)
aussifutis etymology aussi + futis
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) Aussie rules (Australian rules football)
Synonyms: australialainen jalkapallo
autokuski etymology auto + kuski pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) driver, motorist
  • kiskoutua, koksautui, koksiutua, koukistua
autopilotti etymology From auto + pilotti
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) autopilot
Synonyms: automaattiohjaus
autotermiitti etymology auto ‘car’ + termiitti ‘termite’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (humorous) A person who steal parts from abandoned car.
  • autotermiitit
auttaa {{Finnish index}} Alternative forms: avittaa (colloquial) etymology From Proto-Finnic *abuttadak, from *apu (Finnish apu). pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • Rhymes: lauttaa
  • [ˈɑutːɑː]
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. to help, assist, give assistance, lend a hand Voin auttaa sinua tekemään sen. I can help you do it. I can help you to do it. I can help you in doing it.
  • the person helped is indicated with partitive case: auttaa jotakuta
  • the activity for which help is rendered is indicated with illative singular of active 3rd infinitive of the appropriate verb (clitic: -maan, -mään): auttaa tekemään
Synonyms: antaa apua, ojentaa auttava käsi (literal)
related terms:
  • apu
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) spouse
Synonyms: aviopuoliso
avittaa {{Finnish index}} etymology From Proto-Finnic *abittadak, from *api. pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [ˈɑvitːɑː(ʔ)]
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) alternative form of auttaa
  • taitava, taivaat
baana {{Finnish index}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) road
bailata etymology Presumably from Spanish bailar.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, slang) To party.
Synonyms: bilettää, juhlia
  • bailaat
bailaus etymology bailata + us pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈbɑilɑus/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) partying
noun: {{fi-noun}} {{g}}
  1. (colloquial) party
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) To imitate, copy, ape.
baittari etymology < baitata
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) copycat
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) To speak.
banaanitasavalta etymology banaani ‘banana’ + tasavalta ‘republic’; calque of English banana republic, see also the Etymology section of that entry.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) banana republic
Synonyms: banaanivaltio
banaanivaltio etymology banaani ‘banana’ + valtio ‘state’; from English banana republic, see also the Etymology section of that entry.
noun: {{wikipedia}} {{fi-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) banana republic
Synonyms: banaanitasavalta
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, childish) banana
Synonyms: banaani
basillinkantaja etymology basillin ‘of bacillus’ + kantaja ‘bearer’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) {{alternative term for}}
beibi etymology From English baby.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) baby attractive woman
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) A beemer (BMW car or motorcycle).
  2. (military slang) Soviet BMP-1 or BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle
  3. (military slang) A soldier in the B health class
  4. (military slang) The B health class
Synonyms: bemu, B-luokka, palveluskelpoisuusluokka B, B-paperit (health class), B-mies (A soldier in the B health class)
bensa etymology Short for bensiini.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) gas, gasoline, petrol
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) gas station, petrol station
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) {{alternative term for}}.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) best friend
biisi etymology From English piece (of music). pronunciation
  • /ˈbiːsi/
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) song
  • iibis
biitsi etymology From English beach.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) beach
  • biisit
biitti pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • [ˈbiːtːi]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (music, colloquial) beat
  • biitit
bileet pronunciation
  • [ˈbile̞ːt̪]
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang, colloquial) party
Synonyms: See: juhlat
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (billiards, slang) billiards, pool game
Synonyms: biljardi
bilsa {{Finnish index}} etymology Shortened from biologia. pronunciation
  • [ˈbilsɑ]
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{rhymes}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang, school) biology (as a school subject)
Synonyms: biologia
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) hashish cannabis extract
Synonyms: hasis
noun: {{head}}
  1. (colloquial) businessman
Synonyms: liikemies
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) beer
  2. (slang) bisexual
Synonyms: olut
bittinikkari etymology bitti ‘bit’ + nikkari ‘tinkerer’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) programmer one who writes computer programs
  2. computer geek
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang, transitive) To blend or mix with sthg, especially to make an alcoholic beverage weaker.
Synonyms: laimentaa, sekoittaa
blandis {{Finnish index}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) A mixer (non-alcoholic drink that is added to spirits to make cocktails).
related terms:
  • blandata
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive, colloquial) To block.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) To bluff.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) A person, who listen to black metal.
bodaaja etymology bodata + ja
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) bodybuilder
  2. agent noun of bodata
Synonyms: kehonrakentaja, (colloquial) bodari
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) bodybuilder
Synonyms: kehonrakentaja, (colloquial) bodaaja
bodata {{Finnish index}} pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈbodɑtɑ(ʔ)/
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To build body (as in bodybuilding).
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) bodybuilding
Synonyms: bodybuilding, kehonrakennus
bodi pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈbodi/
  • Homophones: body
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) body
  2. onesie
Synonyms: (body) keho
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All Languages

Languages and entry counts