The Alternative Finnish Dictionary

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Colourful extracts from Wiktionary. Slang, vulgarities, profanities, slurs, interjections, colloquialisms and more.

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verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) To play football, soccer (sometimes tennis).
Synonyms: (slang) futata, futia, jalkapalloilla, pelata jalkapallo
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) Alternative form of futismatsi.
noun: {{head}}
  1. (slang) dismissal, axing, sack
Synonyms: (dismissal) potkut
funboksi etymology < English funbox
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (skateboarding, slang) funbox
fundeerata etymology From Swedish fundera
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (informal) To think.
Synonyms: ajatella, funtsata, funtsia
funtsata etymology < Swedish fundera
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) to think, ponder
funtsaus etymology funtsata + us
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) thinking, pondering
  2. (slang) thought
Synonyms: (thinking) ajattelu; fundeeraus (dialectal), (thought) ajatus; fundeeraus (dialectal)
funtsia {{Finnish index}}
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive, slang + partitive) To think about.
Synonyms: ajatella
fuskata etymology < Swedish fusk
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) to cheat
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) footballer
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) footballer
futata Alternative forms: fudata
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) To play football, soccer.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To work (usually in the negative) No, ei se futaa ollenkaan. Well, it doesn't work at all.
  • futaat, tuftaa
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) To play football, soccer.
futis Alternative forms: fudis etymology From Swedish fotboll and the suffix -is for abbreviated words.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) football, soccer
Synonyms: jalkapallo
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) soccer match
Synonyms: jalkapallo-ottelu
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) money
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) hashish cannabis extract
Synonyms: hasis
fyrkka etymology From Swedish fyrk, a coin and monetary unit used in Sweden from 15th to 17th century, originally equivalent to four (in Swedish fyra) penning. In the 19th century the term fyrk was used of a unit for counting taxes and voting rights in the municipal election.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) money, dough
Synonyms: raha
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) physics as a school subject
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) hashish cannabis extract
Synonyms: hasis
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) window
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) window
förstaagi etymology Swedish förstag >
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (nautical, slang) forestay (stay that extends from the top of the foremast to the bow or bowsprit of a sailing ship)
Synonyms: etustaagi, keulaharus
föönata {{Finnish index}} etymology From Swedish fön. pronunciation
  • [ˈfø̞ːnɑt̪ɑˣ]
  • {{hyphenation}}
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To dry hairs using a hairdryer, blow-dry.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) blow-dry
gallupoida etymology gallup + oida
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (colloquial) To poll, survey (opinions).
Synonyms: kysellä, tehdä kysely/kyselytutkimus
related terms:
  • gallup
gay etymology From English. pronunciation
  • /ˈge̞i/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) gay
  • Seldom inflected, as this term does not readily fit into Finnish inflection patterns. Instead, corresponding forms of synonymous expressions or compounds such as gay-mies ("gay man") or gay-poika ("gay boy") are used.
Synonyms: homo
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) alternative form of keimit
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) geriatric old person
Synonyms: vanhus, kalkkis, ikäloppu
related terms:
  • geriatri
  • geriatria
germaani pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [ˈɡermɑːni]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. A German (member of a Germanic tribe).
  2. (colloquial) A German (person from Germany).
  • manageri
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) A girl.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (slang) to sleep
Synonyms: nukkua (standard language)
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (music, colloquial) gospel music
Synonyms: gospelmusiikki
gradu etymology Short for pro gradu or pro gradu -tutkielma pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈɡrɑdu/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) master's thesis
Synonyms: pro gradu -tutkielma
grammari {{Finnish index}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) A gramophone.
  2. (informal) A record player.
Synonyms: (gramophone) gramofoni, (record player) levysoitin
gramofoni pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. gramophone
Synonyms: grammari (informal)
grillata pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. to grill, barbecue, broil to cook food over direct heat
  2. (colloquial) to interrogate, grill
related terms:
  • grilli
gryndata etymology A back-formation of grynderi < German Gründer.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (colloquial, construction) to develop to act as founder-contractor in a real estate project
Synonyms: perustajaurakoida
related terms:
  • grynderi
gryndaus etymology gryndata + us
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, construction) {{alternative term for}}.
grynderi etymology < German Gründer
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, construction) {{alternative term for}}.
grynderifirma etymology grynderi + firma
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, construction) real estate development firm
Synonyms: perustajaurakoitsija
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) gang
haahka {{Finnish index}} {{wikipedia}} pronunciation
  • /ˈhɑːhkɑ/
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. Any of the Northern hemisphere sea ducks of the eider family, especially the common eider (Somateria mollissima).
  2. (vulgar) an older, aged woman
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. The carcass of an animal.
  2. (hunting) Carcass used as bait when hunting carnivores.
  3. (derogatory) An ugly person, especially woman.
Synonyms: raato
related terms:
  • haaskaantua
  • haaskata
  • haaskaus
  • haaskautua
  • haaskalintu
  • haaskametsästys
haba {{Finnish index}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) biceps
Synonyms: hauis
verb: {{head}}
  1. (informal) fi-form of hakea
haikara etymology From Proto-Germanic *haigara, see heron.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. heron (any wading bird of the Ardeidae family in order Ciconiiformes)
  2. (colloquial) stork (any wading bird of the Ciconiidae family in order Ciconiiformes)
Synonyms: (stork) kattohaikara
  • haikaralintu
  • harmaahaikara
  • kattohaikara
  • kaulushaikara
  • kaahari, kiharaa
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) fast speed Me ajetaan aika haipakkaa.
Only the partitive singular form haipakkaa is usually used.
haista paska
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar, strongly offensive) fuck you (literally: smell shit)
haista vittu
interjection: {{fi-int}}!
  1. (strongly vulgar) fuck you! (literally: "sniff the cunt!")
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (humorous) stinker smelly person
Synonyms: haisunäätä
  • suahili
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) high tech
Synonyms: (colloquial) haitekki, huipputeknologia
  • hiekat, kaihet
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) high tech
Synonyms: (colloquial) haitek, huipputeknologia
hali pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{rhymes}}
  • [ˈhɑli]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) hug
Synonyms: halaus
related terms:
  • halata
verb: {{head}}
  1. fi-form of halia
  2. fi-form of halia
  3. fi-form of halia
  4. fi-form of halia
  • hila, liha
adjective: {{fi-adj}}
  1. (colloquial) poor, boring
  • juhla
hallintohimmeli etymology hallinto ‘administration’ + himmeli ‘type of mobile made of straw’ Alternative forms: himmeli
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (pejorative) organization chart
Synonyms: (organization chart) organisaatiokaavio
noun: {{head}}
  1. (informal) mandarin (senior civil servant)
interjection: {{fi-int}}
  1. (on answering the telephone) hello
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) hullabaloo
halvattu etymology The adjective is the past participle of the verb halvata. The noun is a corrupt form of helvetti and it seems to confirm the old religious belief that disablilities are punishments for sin.
adjective: {{head}}
  1. paralyzed
noun: {{head}}
  1. (vulgar) heck, goddamn medium strong expletive or intensifier example''Kuka halvattu on puhkonut mun autoni renkaat?'' Who the heck has punctured my car tyres? example''Mihin halvattuun mä olen pudottanut avaimeni?'' Where the heck have I dropped my keys? example''Missä halvatussa mun lompakkoni on?'' Where the heck is my wallet? example''Mistä halvatusta toi tyyppi ilmaantui?'' Where the heck did that guy come from? example''Se halvatun persläpi on syypää kaikkeen.'' That goddamn asshole is the culprit for it all. example''Halvatun kallista viinaa!'' Some goddamn expensive booze! example''Mitä halvattua täällä tapahtuu?'' What the heck is going on here?
Synonyms: helvetti, hitto, hiisi, piru
interjection: {{fi-int}}
  1. damn, damned, goddamnit
Halvattu is seldom or never used in illative case in an imperative sentence. See hitto for explanation.
  • halvatut
halveerata etymology halpa >
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive, informal) to disparage
Synonyms: (to disparage) halventaa
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) hand
Synonyms: käsi
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) To cause oneself to do something; to get.
  2. hankkiutua ero: To get rid of. Hankkiuduin eroon vanhoista vaatteistani. — I got rid of my old clothes.
  3. hankkiutua raskaaksi: To get pregnant. Hän aikoo hankkiutua raskaaksi. — She's going to get pregnant.
  4. hankkiutua hoito: To seek (mental) care. Sinun olisi todellakin syytä hankkiutua hoitoon! — You really need a shrink!
  5. hankkiutua töihin: To seek, find a job. Eikö hän todellakaan aio hankkiutua töihin? — Is he really not going to find a job?
  • hukkaantui
hanska etymology Contraction of hansikas (glove).
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (informal) A glove.
Synonyms: hansikas, käsine
hanslankari etymology < Swedish hantlangare Alternative forms: hantlankari
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) hand, manual laborer unskilled manual worker, often one in subordinate position with respect to a skilled worker
Synonyms: apumies, apulainen
hanttihomma {{Finnish index}} etymology hantti + homma
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. odd job task of an incidental, unspecialized nature
  2. (pejorative, slang) shitwork, McJob
Synonyms: (shitwork) paskaduuni
related terms:
  • hanttimies
hanuri pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • /ˈhɑnuri/
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. accordion
  2. (colloquial) butt (buttocks)
  • hirnua, hurina
happo etymology Derived from hapan.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. Any sour or acidic liquid: acid.
  2. (chemistry) A substance that can give a proton to another substance (Brønsted acid)
  3. (chemistry) A substance that can act as an electron pair donor (Lewis acid).
  4. (colloquial) A drunkard, sot
compounds: {{top4}}
  • adipiinihappo
  • akkuhappo
  • aminohappo
  • boorihappo
  • erukahappo
  • etikkahappo
  • fosforihappo
  • ftaalihappo
  • fumaarihappo
  • happihappo
  • happo-emästasapaino
  • happohotelli
  • happokylpy
  • happomarja
  • happosade
  • happovakio
  • hiilihappo
  • kapriinihappo
  • kapronihappo
  • kapryylihappo
  • maitohappo
  • maleiinihappo
  • malonihappo
  • meripihkahappo
  • muurahaishappo
  • myristiinihappo
  • oksaalihappo
  • omenahappo
  • palmitiinihappo
  • palmitoleiinihappo
  • parkkihappo
  • perbromihappo
  • perjodihappo
  • perkloorihappo
  • propionihappo
  • rasvahappo
  • rikkihappo
  • sinihappo
  • sitruunahappo
  • suolahappo
  • syaanihappo
  • typpihappo
  • vetybromidihappo
  • vetyfluoridihappo
  • vetyjodidihappo
  • vetykloridihappo
  • voihappo
  • viinihappo
  • öljyhappo
hapsenkakkiainen etymology hapsi ‘hair's’ + kakka ‘poo’ + iainen
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (dialectal) longhorn beetle any beetle from the Cerambycidae family
  2. (humorous) beetle any beetle of unknown species
Synonyms: (longhorn beetle) sarvijäärä, (beetle) kovakuoriainen
harjus {{wikipedia}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. grayling, Thymallus thymallus
Synonyms: (colloquial) harri
etymology 1
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (archaic) A controversy, strife.
Synonyms: kiista, riita, sanaharkka, suukopu, tora
etymology 2 From harjoitus
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) practice jalkapalloharkka = football / soccer practice
adjective: {{head}}
  1. fi-form of harmaa
noun: {{head}}
  1. (informal) Time spent in the military service; from the color of the uniform, often in the form armeijan harmaat (Literally, "the greys of the Army).
    • Jouduin viettämään joulun harmaissa.
      • I had to spend the Christmas in the military.
harmittaa etymology < harmi
verb: {{fi-verb}} (transitive)
  1. to irritate, annoy, vex, irk Häviö harmittaa minua. The loss irritates me.
  2. to be irritated, annoyed, vexed Minua harmittaa. I am irritated.
Synonyms: keljuttaa, kenkuttaa, ottaa päähän (decent); vituttaa (vulgar)
harmitus etymology harmittaa + us < harmi
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. irritation, annoyance, vexation, irking, frustration state of being mentally irritated or annoyed
  2. drag as an exclamation, something disappointing Voi harmitus! What a drag!
Synonyms: (state of being annoyed) keljutus, kenkutus, ärtymys (decent), vitutus (vulgar), (drag) harmi
Harppi-Saksa {{was fwotd}} etymology harppi + Saksa; the attribute comes from the coat of arms of the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany), which displayed a hammer (symbolizing the working class), a wreath of rye (symbolizing the peasant class) and a compass (symbolizing intelligentsia) and was all placed in the middle of the East German flag. pronunciation
  • /ˈhɑrpˑpiˌsɑkˑsɑ/
proper noun: {{fi-proper noun}}
  1. (colloquial) East Germany
    • {{quote-book }}
    • {{quote-news }}
Synonyms: Itä-Saksa, DDR, Saksan demokraattinen tasavalta, Derkkula (nickname)
harppu etymology From Swedish harpa. pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [ˈhɑrpːu]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. A harp.
  2. (derogatory) An old or ugly woman, harpy.
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) grayling, Thymallus thymallus
Synonyms: harjus
hasa etymology hasis >
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (slang) hash (hashish).
Synonyms: hasis
  • saha
hasis {{wikipedia}} Alternative forms: hašiš
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. hashish
Synonyms: biltsi, dulla, fymi, fytska, hasa, muheva, möyhy, pilkku, pilvi, tymi (slang), kannabishartsi (official/scientific)
  • hassi, hissa
verb: {{head}}
  1. fi-verb form of hassahtaa
  2. fi-participle of hassahtaa
adjective: {{fi-adj}}
  1. (slang) silly, crazy, cracked, crackpot, nuts mildly and harmlessly out of one's mind, as due to old age
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (informal) to waste (squander money or resources uselessly)
Synonyms: haaskata, tuhlata
  • hassaat, sahasta
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) blunder
  • hasis, hissa
Spain Germany Chilli
adverb: {{fi-adv}} {{g}}
  1. (colloquial) escape, runner (quick escape away from a scene); used with the verb ottaa in the idiomatic expression "ottaa hatkat", which may often be translated with to leave, quit, flee, run away or with an idiom like to take to one's heels or take to the hills. Hän otti hatkat apteekkiryöstön jälkeen. He did a runner after robbing the drugstore. Otin hatkat töistä. I quit my job. Hän otti usein hatkat, kun hänen anoppinsa oli kaupungissa. He often took to the hills when his mother-in-law was in town.
Synonyms: häipyä, karata, livistää, ottaa Ritolat
hatullinen etymology From hattu
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. A hatful (amount a hat can hold).
  • (vulgar) syödä hatullinen paskaa = to eat one's hat (lit. "to eat a hatful of shit")
adjective: {{head}}
  1. Wearing/having a hat.
  • helluntain
hatuttaa etymology Rhyming euphemism for vituttaa.
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (intransitive, colloquial) To be annoy, vex.
haulikkohäät etymology haulikko ‘shotgun’ + häät ‘wedding’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (humorous) shotgun wedding wedding in which the bride is pregnant
hauva etymology Onomatopoeia: dog's barking. pronunciation
  • {{rhymes}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • [hɑuʋːɑ]
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (children, colloquial) doggy
  2. (humorous) A dog or hound on the larger side
Synonyms: hunttu, hurtta, koira, peni
he pronunciation
  • [he]
  • {{audio}}
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • {{rhymes}}
pronoun: {{fi-pron}}
  1. (personal) they (only of people).
  • In standard Finnish, he is practically never omitted, despite the verb showing both the person and the number. (compare the usage of hän, "she" / "he")
Synonyms: (dialectal) het, (dialectal) hyö, (colloquial) ne
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial, Internet) header
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) plaster, band-aid
Synonyms: laastari
hehtaarihalli etymology hehtaari + halli
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) superstore
hei hei
interjection: {{head}}
  1. (informal) bye-bye
heippa pronunciation
  • {{audio}}
interjection: {{fi-int}}
  1. (informal) bye, see you later
heisipuu etymology heisi ‘viburnum’ + puu ‘tree’
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (colloquial) viburnum tree or shrub of the genus Viburnum
Synonyms: heisi
heittää {{Finnish index}}
heittää: From Middle Proto-Finnic *šej-ttä-, from Early Proto-Germanic *sēja-/*sēje-. Cognate with Swedish and säd.
  • {{hyphenation}}
  • Rhymes: keittää, peittää
  • [ˈheitːæː(ʔ)]
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (transitive) to throw, cast heittää varjo to cast a shadow
  2. (transitive) with ulos (out), to expel, e.g. from a party or meeting
  3. (transitive, colloquial) to give a ride (in a car) Voitko heittää minut kotiin? Can you give me a ride home?
  4. (intransitive, colloquial, of a number) to be inaccurate or incorrect, to be off Arviosi heittää useilla vuosilla. Your estimate is off by several years.
  5. (transitive, archaic) to abandon Työtämme ohjaa, meitä älä heitä! (from a hymn) Guide our work, do not abandon us!
Synonyms: (to expel) poistaa
heittää henkensä
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To give up the ghost, to die (literally: to throw one's spirit).
Synonyms: kuolla, potkaista tyhjää, heittää veivinsä, oikaista koipensa
heittää huiviin etymology heittää huiviin
verb: {{fi-verb}}
  1. (idiomatic, informal) to gulp down, scarf to eat or drink quickly
  • often used with possessive suffix attached to huiviin, especially in indicative forms.
  • verb vetää is sometimes substituted for heittää.
heittää huulta
verb: {{head}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) To joke.
heittää veivinsä etymology heittää + veivi, possibly from the times before starter motors when the cars had to be started with cranks.
phrase: {{fi-phrase}}
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) to bite the dust to die
Synonyms: heittää hokkarit, potkaista tyhjää
hekki etymology Swedish häckstag > Finnish sailing slang term hekstaagi > pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (nautical, slang) backstay
Synonyms: hekstaagi (sailing slang), peräharus, takastaagi (sailing slang)
hekstaagi pronunciation
  • {{hyphenation}}
noun: {{fi-noun}}
  1. (nautical, slang) A backstay.
Synonyms: peräharus, takastaagi (sailing slang)
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