The Alternative Latvian Dictionary: ēst

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Entry definition

ēst etymology From Proto-Baltic *ēs-ti, from Proto-Indo-European *ed-, *ēd-, *h₁ed- 〈*h₁ed-〉. Cognates include Lithuanian ė́sti, Prussian īst (< *ēst), īstwei, xsv ezd (< *ēst), Proto-Slavic *ěsti (Church Slavic ꙗсти 〈ꙗsti〉, Russian есть 〈estʹ〉, Belarusian есці 〈escí〉, Ukrainian їсти 〈í̈sti〉, Bulgarian ям 〈âm〉, Czech jísti, Polish jeść), Gothic 𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 〈𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽〉, 𐌰𐍆𐌴𐍄𐌾𐌰 〈𐌰𐍆𐌴𐍄𐌾𐌰〉, Old Norse eta, German essen, English eat, Hittite ed-, ad-, Sanskrit अत्ति 〈atti〉, अद्मि 〈admi〉, Ancient Greek ἔδω 〈édō〉, Latin edō.{{R:lv:LEV}} pronunciation
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verb: {{lv-verb}}
  1. to eat to take food into one's mouth in order to chew and swallow it ēst maizi, gaļu — to eat bread, meat ēst kartupeļus, zupu — to eat potatoes, soup aicināt ēst — to invite to eat man gribas ēst — I want to eat (= I am hungry) pat saldējumu viņa ēda pavisam savādāk nekā citas meitenes — even ice cream she ate quite differently from the other girls pie galda sasēdušies, visi ēda klusu — having sat at the table, they all ate silently
  2. to eat, to have to consume a meal ēst brokastis, pusdienas — to have breakfast, lunch ēst launagu — to have a snack viņi varēja iet rotaļas... un pēcāk visi kopā ēst vakariņas — they could go play... and later on all together have dinner
  3. (colloquial, of insects) to sting, to bite kad saules karstums kļuva neciešams, dunduri un odi ēda viņu kailās muguras — when the sun heat became unbearable, the horseflies and mosquitoes ate their naked backs
  4. (of pests) to eat, to kill, to destroy dārzā spradži ēda kapostus nost — in the garden, the flea-beetles ate the cabbages away
  5. (colloquial, of chemical or mechanical processes) to eat, to destroy; to make disappear rūsa ēd dzelzi — rust eats iron skābe ēd metālu — acid eats metal saule Bišudruvu dārzā un sētā ēda un kausēja sniegu dienās, migla siltajās naktīs — in the garden and backyard of the Bišudruvu (family), the sun ate and melted the snow during the day, and the fog (did the same) in the warm nights
  6. (colloquial) to nag, to harass, to criticize constantly, to cause pain to labi, ka virtuvē nebija saimnieces; tā viņu vienmēr ēda kā par veco kannu, kā par sarūsējušo mazgājamo bļodu — good that the landlady was not in the kitchen; she always nagged/harassed (lit ate) him like an old pot, like a rusty wash basin māte gan prot sabojāt garastāvokli... ko viņa mani nav ēdusi šo nelaimīgu matu dēļ! — mother really knows how to spoil the mood... what (= how often) hasn't she nagged/harassed me about that damn hair!
Synonyms: (of "sting", "bite") dzelt, kost
related terms:
  • ēsma

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