The Alternative Latvian Dictionary: bērns

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Entry definition

bērns {{slim-wikipedia}} etymology From an earlier *berns, with lengthening ([èɾ] > [æ̀ːɾ]), from Proto-Baltic *bernas, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- with an extra -no-s. The meaning evolved from “carry, bear” > “carried thing, burden” > “baby (being carried by pregnant woman)” > “child.” Cognates include Lithuanian bérnas, xsv barnaj (< *bernai), Proto-Germanic *barną (Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌽 〈𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌽〉, Swedish barn). In the sense of “burden,” also Proto-Slavic *bermę < *bermen- (Russian dialectal бере́мя 〈berémâ〉), xcl բեռն 〈beṙn〉, Ancient Greek φέρνη 〈phérnē〉; in the sense of “pregnant,” Russian бере́менная 〈berémennaâ〉, Polish brzemienna, from brzemienny; and in the sense of “to be born, birth,” Ancient Greek φέρμα 〈phérma〉, Old English ġeberan, German gebären, English bear, be born.{{R:lv:LEV}} pronunciation
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noun: {{lv-noun}}
  1. child boy or girl up to approximately 14 years of age mazs bērns — small child raudošs bērns — crying, weeping child nerātns bērns — naughty child neiznests bērns — premature (lit. not-fully-carried) child ārlaulības, nelikumīgs bērns — out-of-wedlock, illegitimate child bērna audzināšana — a child's education auklēt bērnu — to baby-sit a child kopt bērnu — to care for a child mācīt bērnu — to teach a child adoptēt bērnu — to adopt a child bērnu ratiņi — strollers (lit. little children's carts) bērnu' autiņi — diapers (lit. children's little cloths) bērnu nams, bērnunams — orphanage (lit. children's house) bērnu dārzs, bērnudārzs — kindergarten (lit. children's garden) bērnu laukums — (children's) playground bērnu literatūrachildren's literature, books bērnu ārsts — pediatrician (lit. children's doctor) bērnu spēlechildren's play (= something very simple and easy) tu runā kā bērns — you talk like a child (= too naively, childishly)
  2. child son or daughter, regardless of age, in relation to their parents; descendants vienu vecāku bērnichildren of the same parents, siblings pieauguši bērnigrownup children viņai ir vienpadsmit bērnu: septiņas meitas un četri dēli — she has eleven children: seven daughters and four sons kad bērni lieli, iet tie paši ar savu galvu un vecāku prātu
  3. (colloquial) animal offspring “vai, māt, Brūnaļai teļinš!” meitene priecīgi sasit rokas... “Brūnaļa mani vairs nepazīst...” “viņai bail, ka tu nedari pāri viņas bērnam“oh, Mum, Brūnaļa (the cow) has a little calf!” the girl happily clapped her hands... “Brūnaļa doesn't know me anymore...” “she is afraid of what you might do to her child
  4. (poetic) person, with respect to land, people, nation, political movement, etc. to which he or she belong}} tu biji krietnais tautas bērns — you were an honest, decent child of the people dziesma, ai dziesmiņa, skani skaļi / visur, kur Latvijas bērniem mājas! — song, oh little song, do sound loud / everywhere where Latvia's children have homes!

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