The Alternative Latvian Dictionary: dot

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Entry definition

dot etymology From earlier *duoti, *duotie, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *dōtei, from Proto-Indo-European, *deh₃- 〈*deh₃-〉. The present tense forms are new formations, replacing the old athematic forms (still attested in dialectal forms like domu instead of dodu). The past tense forms are from earlier *davu (cf. Lithuanian daviau); the e was extended from the past active participle form devis (< *devens < *de-d-wens). Cognates include Lithuanian dúoti, Prussian dat, xsv dodi (< *duodi), Proto-Slavic *dati (Church Slavic дати 〈dati〉, Russian дать 〈datʹ〉, Ukrainian дати 〈dati〉, Belarusian даць 〈dacʹ〉, Bulgarian дам 〈dam〉, Czech dáti, Polish dać), Sanskrit ददाति 〈dadāti〉, दातुम् 〈dātum〉, Ancient Greek δίδωμι 〈dídōmi〉, Latin dare, .{{R:lv:LEV}} pronunciation
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verb: {{lv-verb}}
  1. to give to hand to someone, so that s/he can have it dot lakatu mātei — to give a scarf to (one's) mother dot ziedus — to give flowers dot draugam grāmatu izlasīt — to give a friend a book to read dot atslēgas — to give the keys dot kasierei naudu — to give money to the cashier dot bērnam maizes šķēli — to give a child a slice of bread dot govīm sienu — to give hay to the cows dot sienu — to give hay (to throw it with a fork) dot mēslojumu — to give fertilizer, to fertilize (land, soil) dot ēst — to give food (lit. to give to eat) dot bērnam krūti — to give (one's) breast to a child (= to nurse, breastfeed a child) dot roku — to give (one's) hand (= to wave, to greet someone, to shake hands, to hold hands) dot maizi — to give bread; to provide food (e.g., in old age) bet kas tad tev vecumā dos maizi? — but who will give you bread (= provide you with food) in (your) old age?
  2. to give, to provide to allow the use of a material object, to free a place for someone else's use dot autobusu ekskursijai — to give a bus to the excursion dot naktsmājas tūristiem — to provide accommodation for tourists dot asinis, kaula smadzenes — to give (= donate) blood, bone marrow dot trolejbusā vietu vecākiem pasažieriem — to give one's place on the trolley to older passengers kā es vēlāk uzzināju, mājas pagaidām dod tikai ģimenēm — as I later found out, for the time being they are giving houses only to families
  3. (colloquial) to give in marriage krievi, krievi, leiši, leiši... visi man draugi, radi; krievam devu savu māsiņu, pats es ņēmu leišu meitu — Russians, Russians, Lithuanians, Lithuanians... all friends, relatives to me; to a Russian I gave my little sister, (and) I myself took a Lithuanian girl (as wife)
  4. (colloquial) to allow (e.g., a son or daughter) to work, to be employ dot dēlu par ganu — to give a son as a shepherd (= to allow a son to work as a shepherd)
  5. to give, to grant, to procure, to secure (a state, circumstance) dot darbu — to give work dot atvaļinājumu — to give a holiday dot patstāvību, brīvību — to give autonomy, freedom dot priekšroku — to give (one's) preference (to...) dot iespēju — to give the opportunity, the possibility (of...) man bija dots mēness, lai atpūstos pēc ziemas darbiem — a month was given to me, so that I would rest after winter's work
  6. to give, to dedicate, to donate, to provide (at birth) tev, meistar, dodam mīlestību savu — to you, master, we give our love arī tas taisnums māksla, to iemācīties nevarēja, tas cilvēkam vai nu dots no paša sākuma, vai palika visu mūžu nesasniegts — also that straightness (is) art, one can't learn it, either it is given from the very beginning (= from birth), or it remains unobtained (for one's) whole life
  7. (dated sense) to allow, to permit stāstu mātei, ka Dāvis man dod braukt patstāvīgi — I tell (my) mother that Dāvis gave (= allowed) me to drive by myself
  8. to give to express orally or in writing dot rīkojumu — to give instructions, orders dot pavēli — to give a command, an order dot norādījumus — to give instructions dot atļauju — to give permission dot solījumu — to make (lit. give) a promise dot zvērestu — to take (lit. give) an oath dot ieteikumu — to give a recommendation dot parakstu — to give (one's) signature (= to sign) dot liecību — to bear, give testimony dot norēķinu — to give a report (of one's actions) dot vārdu, nosaukumu — to give a name, a denomination dot ziņu — to give knowledge of (= to report; to announce)
  9. to give to add to a text dot vārdnīcai stilistiskās norādes — to give a dictionary stylistic references piezīmes dotas parindēs — comments (are) given in parentheses
  10. (mathematics, usually in the past passive participle form dots) to be given, to be known from the start dotais lielumsgiven quantity uzdevums bija kvadrāta un taisnstūra laukuma aprēķināšana, ja dots perimetrs — the task was the calculation of the square and rectangular area, if the perimeter is given kopu uzskata par dotu, ja ir dots pilns tās elementu saraksts — a set is considered to be given if a full list of its elements is given
  11. (of physical or mental states) to give (to create, to inspire, to generate) dot drosmi cīņā — to give courage in (= to) fight dot možumu — to give liveliness dot prieku — to give joy, pleasure dot mieru — to give peace (of mind) dot iemeslu — to give (= create, be) a reason cerība viņus sildīja un deva jaunus spēkus cīņai par savu dzīvību — hope warmed them and gave (them) new strength for the fight for their lives neesmu taču ne mazāko iemeslu devis, kas tai būtu varējis modināt cerības — I haven't given even the slightest reason to arouse expectations, hopes
  12. (of results, effects) to give, to provide, to be the cause (of something) eksperiments dod gaidītos resultātus — the experiment is giving the expected results pētījums dod jaunas atziņas — the study gives new insights dot ēnu, paēnu — to give (= create) shade, a shadow (e.g., a tree) ko tas (mums) dod? — what does this give (us)? (= what good is there in it for us?)
  13. (of material objects, values; also of spiritual or cultural values) to give, to produce, to create dot produkciju virs plāna — to give production (= to produce) above the plan govs dod daudz piena — (this) cow gives a lot of milk jaunā aitu šķirne dod augstvērtīgu vilnu — the new breed of sheep gives high-quality wool augļu koki pēc dziļām ziemām dažkārt dod bagātīgas augļu ražas — fruit trees after deep winters sometimes give abundant fruit harvests elektriskais motors dos baltu, spodru gaismu — the electric motor will give white, bright light pēdējā laikā gleznotājs devis vairākas vērtīgas gleznas — in recent times, (this) painter has given (= produced) many valuable paintings visvairāk latviešu literārā valodā iesakņojušos jaunvārdu devuši J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis un A. Upīts — most of the new words that struck root in the Latvian literary languages (were) given (by) J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis and A. Upīts
  14. (colloquial) to give, to pay jauna mašīna maksā četrus tūkstošus, jūsēja ir pietiekami nobraukta, lai par to nedotu pat pusotra — a new car costs four thousand, (but) yours is quite traveled, so that (one) wouldn't give one and a half thousand (= fifteen hundred)
  15. (colloquial, a person's age, by sight) to give, to estimate as Mare vēl bija izskatīga sieva, četrdesmit sešus viņai gandrīz nevarēja dot — Mare was still a handsome woman, you almost couldn't give her forty-six (years of age)
  16. (colloquial) to hit dot pa ādu — to give on the skin (= to beat, to flog, to thrash) tevi kāds sit, dod pretī, neļaujies apvainot! — (if) someone hits you, give (= hit) back, don't let (him) offend you! viņš deva ar cirvi lācim pa pauri, lācis beigts — he gave (hit) the bear on the top of the head with an axe, the bear (is now) finished (= dead) es šim vīram devu vienu pliķi — I gave this man a slap (= I slapped his face)
  17. (colloquial) to shoot, to give a shot nedomā kustēt! ja bēgsi, no abiem stobriem tev došu stilbos — don't (even) think about moving! if you run, from both barrels I will give (= shoot) (you) in the leg

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