The Alternative Latvian Dictionary: dzelonis

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Entry definition

dzelonis etymology From dzelt + onis. pronunciation {{audio}}
noun: {{lv-noun}}
  1. sting, stinger attack organ in some insects and arachnids with which poison is injected bites, lapsenes dzelonis — bee, wasp sting izraut bites dzeloni no pirksta — to pull out a bee sting from (one's) finger skorpioni nekož, bet dzeļ ar ķermeņa astes galā atrodošos dzeloni — scorpions don't bite, (they) sting with a sting located at the end of their tail
  2. (colloquial) snake's poison fang čūskai ir dzeloņi; tie sāpīgi dzeļ — snakes have poison fangs (lit. stings); they bite (lit. sting) painfully
  3. (figuratively, of thoughts, words, behavior) which offend, hurt one's feeling Līzei kā sīks dzelonis sirdī iedūra novērojums, ka pirmām kārtām pie galda sēdināja turīgos saimniekus — the observation that they had seated the rich landowners at the best places at the table pierced Līze's heart like a small sting viņa no Balodienes nebija dzirdējusi neviena vārda, kurš nebūtu bijis bez dzeloņiem — she hadn't heard a single word from Balodiene, which wouldn't have been without stings Zenta brālim šad tad iedzēla ar savu greizsirdības dzeloni — Zenta stung (her) brother every now and then with the sting of her jealousy
  4. (usually, in the plural) thorn, prickle needle-like rigid protuberance(s) on some plants or animals kaktusa dzeloņi — cactus thorns alveja ir vienkāršs augs ar garām, resnām, sulīgām lapām, kuru malas parasti klātas ar mīkstiem dzeloņiem — aloe vera is a simple plant with long, thick, succulent leaves, with edges covered with soft thorns jūras buļļu dzimtā ir mazas un vidējas zivi; visām sugām ir dzeloņi un izaugumi uz galvas — in the sea scorpion family there are small and middle(-sized) fish; all species have prickles and protuberances on the head
  5. (usually, in the plural) prickle, barb needle-like protuberance(s) on certain objects dzeloņstieple, dzeloņu stieplebarbed wire pārbaudījis uz pirksta āķa dzeloņa asumu, makšķernieks uzmauc siļķes gabaliņu — having checked on (his) finger the sharpness of the hook's prick / tip, the fisherman put on (it) a piece of herring
Synonyms: (of "thorn") ērkšķis

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