The Alternative Portuguese Dictionary: -ão

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Entry definition

-ão Alternative forms: -aõ (obsolete) pronunciation
  • /ˈɐ̃w̃/
etymology 1 From vl *-ōne, from the Latin accusative suffix -ōnem.
suffix: {{pt-suffix}}
  1. forms the augmentative of nouns
    1. forms nouns, from nouns denoting things, meaning “big thing,” usually but not necessarily with the same gender {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
    2. used to refer to things affectionately {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
    3. forms nouns, from nouns, implying that the suffixed noun is powerful or good {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
    4. in nouns that are formed from, or homonymous with, an adjective, it augments the quality expressed by the adjective {{suffixusex}}
  2. forms the masculine of animal names (whether the animal refers to females or to males and females) {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
  3. forms nouns, from nouns, denoting an item of the same class as the suffixed noun, or which shares a characteristic with the suffixed noun {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
  4. (Brazil, slang) forms nouns, from a numeral X divisible by ten and greater than thirty, meaning “someone in his Xs” {{suffixusex}}
  5. (Brazil, slang) forms nouns, from a numeral X, meaning “X amount of money” or “a bill worth X” {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
  6. (somewhat informal) forms the augmentative of adjectives, roughly equivalent to English quite {{suffixusex}}
  7. forms nouns, from a verb X, meaning a strong or violent instance of doing X {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
Synonyms: (augmentative marker) -ácio, -aço, -alhão, -arrão, -ázio, -eirão, (amount of money) pila
  • (augmentative marker) -inho, -ito, -culo, -ete
etymology 2 From Old Portuguese -ão, from Latin -ānus.
suffix: {{pt-suffix}}
  1. (no longer productive) forms adjectives, from nouns and proper nouns referring to a location or type of location, meaning “of or pertaining to that location” and nouns meaning “someone from that location” {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
etymology 3 From Old Portuguese -an, from an, from Latin habent, third-person plural present indicative of habeō.
suffix: {{pt-suffix}}
  1. forms the third-person plural future indicative, from the infinitive of verbs {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}} {{suffixusex}}
etymology 4 pronunciation
  • /ɐ̃w̃/ (paroxytone)
suffix: {{pt-suffix}}
  1. obsolete form of -am
Some words ending in -ão pluralise as -ães. However, in these cases the -ão is not a suffix and derives from Old Portuguese -an, from Latin -ānem.
  • cãocães
  • pãopães

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